Honolulu Star-Bulletin from Honolulu, Hawaii on September 3, 1939 · 1
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Honolulu Star-Bulletin from Honolulu, Hawaii · 1

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Honolulu, Hawaii
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 3, 1939
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1
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A O? A MAIl SCMtOULf m mail Ctt . f . ? t r c . 0i . c- t Per O ; c . n -wi CV M.I... S (e.I- , mir. feet 1 1 Jln Hi II M U ! vh I 1 1 I ! I 1 1 I 'I I I M ( -v AT n n ri 'Ann3 hwrxttcvi nn? Li uuLlLlu .51 U UUL! ABLSTKIiDAM, Monday, Sept. 4. (U.R) At midnight GMT (1:30 p. m. today IIST) large numbers of airplanes of unknown nationality were heard flying over outskirts of Holland's three northeastern provinces. The planes were flying at an estimated height of 6,000 feet, moving from the northwest to east southeast. They apparently belonged to a tremendous airforce moving along the Dutch frontier en route to a gigantic attack. The planes were flying directly toward Bremen and Berlin. Bremen Reporte; NEW YORK, Sept. 3. m A broadcast from a French radio station today said the German liner Bremen, pride of the nazi luxury hips, had been seized on the high teas a? it was en route to Germany from New York, The liner presumably was escorted to a British port under guard. After being held here several days by United States authorities during a search for contraband arms. By WITT HANCOCK MOSCOW, Sept. 3. tr Russia expects to remain neutral in the present conflict, said sources close to the soviet today. It was stronply hinted that in no rase would the soviet army join Germany's forces. These sources said the soviet expected to lend economic aid to both sides and it was pointed out that the United States aided both sides in the Sino-Japanese war. The same situation occurred in the . WARSAW, Sept. 3. (Pi Polish crowds were wildly enthusiastic today as they received news of the British and French declaration of war against Germany. War demonstrations continued tonight. . There were repeated radio warnings against possible air attacks and it was necessary to clear the streets of singing, cheering crowds. Men and women gathered even sround neutral embassies, including that of the United States, where the crowds chanted: "T,ong live the United States." Flowers deluged the British military attache's automobile as it passed through the streets. A government communique today said yesterday's bombings destroyed the town hall and the Bank of Poland building at Pictkko and partially destroyed a railroad station at Kalisz. It was announced that more than iombs lnJrecEi WARSAW, Sept. 3. (U.R) The village of Wielun, close to the border district near Czestochowa, was practically burned out today by a deluge of incendiary bombs, Polish " sources reported. The Poles also said that 37 German planes had been shot down. Incendiary bombs were said fo have destroyed a hospital at Velunje, killing 30 persons including five children. The Polish commapd announced that in a counterattack on east Boy Hurt in Kailua Auto Accident Dies Robert Cross, 16. of 2427 Prince Edward St., who was injured in an automobile accident on the Kameha-meha highway at Kailua at 10:30 Saturday night, died at 3:10 this afternoon in a Honolulu hospital. He entered the hospital at 12:05 this morning. He was the son of Contractor and Mrs. William Cross. An inquest is scheduled tc be held Monday morning. Provide More Ships WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. (JP) The U. S. maritime commission announced it was assigning additional ships today to expedite the return oi Americans from Europe. it.,,-,, h n SeSze the vessel sailed August 30 without passengers but with large quantities of food and supplies. The German government filed a bitter protest against holding the Bremen. Report Is Denied LONDON. Sept. 3. The British admiralty denied today that the fast German liner Bremen had been captured by British naval vessels. Spanish civil war, it was asserted. Terms of new loan credits arranged by Germany for Russia were believed to have been the determining factor in the economic aid to be given Germany by the soviet government. Russia, nevertheless, was believed to be taking precautionary measures, including the requisitioning of all foodstuffs. There was no mobilization, but it was disclosed a number of reserves were ordered to register immediately in case they were needed. 200 Poles were killed and 23 houses destroyed by bombing at Bydgoscz Friday and Saturday. A general amnesty was decreed for all crimes today, if they were committed prior to August 31. provided the offenders were mobilized. President Ignace Moscicki decreed establishment of a war budget, increasing taxes and suspending bank transfers for a week. He also decreed introduction of military tribunals. A general staff communique said the Germans had lost 37 warplanes in the first two days of the war and Poland 12. The communique said 30 persons were killed, including five children, and 58 injured in the bombardment of Lublin. Other towns bombed Saturday were Krakow, Bydgoscz, Radom, Torun. Rzeszow, Poznan, Brest Litovsk and Warsaw airport Wase Prussian German forces their troops had entered Deutscheylau, possibly in an effort to move in behind German troops which had advanced to the Osa river, just south of the junction of the east Prussian border and tho Vistula river. The two armies were fencing along the frontiers, jockeying for strategic position. Reports indicated that with the exception cf Silesia nothing resembling a full dress battle is being fought. American Families Fleeing Germany BERLIN. Sept. 3. 0J.R) Special cars carrying the 51 wives and children of United Slate officials and 15 private Americans desiring to leave Germany reached Denmark this morning, it was announced. German Club At Shanghai Attacked SHANGHAI. Sept. 3. 0JJ9 The German consulate general notified municipal police today that approximately a score of British soldiers had raided the German tennis club in mid-Shanghai, and had wrecked furniture in the building. Police stationed a guard over the grounds. Di) HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, U. ! FRANCO IN APPEAL tJURGOS, Spain. Sept 3. (JPi Gen. Francisco Franco broadcast an appeal to the involved nations today to localize the German-Polish war. "I address myself to the nations in whose hands lies the responsibility for a catastrophe without antecedent in history," said the ruler of Spain. "I make this appeal so they will avoid suffering and tragedy which we Spaniards suffered, notwithstanding the limitation on employment of means of destruction horrors which will be a hundred times worse in a new war." KENT IN WAR JOB LONDON, Sept. 3. P) The British admiralty announced today that the Duke of Kent, youngest brother of King George, had taken a war appointment. The nature of the post was not disclosed. War restrictions to conserve Britain's financial resources will be effective Monday. Importation of luxuries will be banned to conserve exchange for war purposes. Gasoline rationing will be effective September 16. The Swiss legation took charge of German interests in England today. The United States embassy is caring for British Interests in Germany. GORT BRITISH COMMANDER LONDON, Sept. 3. (JP) King George approved appointment today of Lord Gort as commander in chief of the British field forces and of Maj. Gen. Edmund Ironside as chief of the defense staff. Sir Walter Kirke was named commander in chief of the home forces. POLES FLOOD VALLEY BERLIN, Sept. 3. (JP DNB news agency announced tonight that Poles had pierced the Vistula river dykes in the region of Tscew near Danzig, flooding the lowlands of the Vistula valley. Poles destroyed the Liessau bridgehead and two large Vistula river bridges near Tzcew. JAPAN NEUTRAL NEW YORK. Sept. 3. (.T Mutual Broadcasting Co. announced today that it had intercepted a British announcement that Japan had guaranteed its neutrality in the European war. OFFICIALLY NEUTRAL AMSTERDAM, Sept. 3. (V) Denmark and the Netherlands of-cially declared their neutrality today. Switzerland announced it taking steps to preserve its neutrality. INTERVENTION ASKED MOSCOW, Sept 3. (JP Unofficial reports here today said the Polish ambassador had notified the soviet of "Germany's aggression against Poland'' and asked Russia's intentions. CABINET SESSION WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. (JP The White House announced today that special meeting of the cabinet would be held tomorrow at 2 p. m. BIDDLE HOME BOMBED WARSAW, Sept 3. (JP) German planes bombed the villa of United States Ambassador Anthony J. Drexel Biddle Jr. today. The ambassador and members of his household were absent. Polish officials asserted that in-cendairy bombs killed three persons, injured 10 and destroyed six houses. A Polish radio station warned that German planes had dropped a poisonous chemical over Wiina. The chemical "looks something like candy," the radio broadcast said. WARSAW BOMBED MOSC OW. Sept 3. LlV-An official soiiet broadcast reported today that German warplanes had bombed Warsaw ri?ht times during the course of the day. COUNTER ATTACK PARIS, Sept 3. (JPi Transcontinental Press reported today that the Central Warsaw radio announced the Polish cavalry had launched a counteroffensive against the invading German troops. 21 PLANES LOST BERLIN, Sept 5. (JP The nail government announced today Germany had lost a total of 21 mil-Turn to Taje 2, Column 8 n n La J J Li Ac?, NEW YORK, Sept. 3. () The National Broadcasting Cos London representative said tonight that the British Merchantman Athenia, with 1,400 passengers aboard, had been torpedoed 200 miles west of the Hebrides Islands. The Athenia, a twin screw vessel, 2S,11S tons, owned by Donaldson Atlantic Line, Ltd., is 526 feet overall and is registered at Glasgow. It was reported the ship had sunk. r . n ri o j Li LONDON, Sept. 3. (JP) The British admiralty said in a communique today that the "royal navy is fully mobilized and at war stations in full strength, supplemented by a number of fully commissioned, armed merchant ships as auxiliary cruisers." "The admiralty, profiting from past experience, already has taken certain measures which were only slowly devel oped during the last war, "Among these is remtroduction or the convoy system for merchant shipping to assist the merchant navy in its vital duty of insuring overseas traffic of the British commonwealth and allies." Later it was explained that a "friendly craft had been sighted off the south coast. Despite the fact that the French and British declaration of war on Germany means 12,000.000 men under arms and may mean the most widespread destruction and death in all history, the British public took the news today with apparent calm. The declaration should mean billions of dollars to feed the guns and preparation for war alone cost an estimated billion and a half dollars daily, but the streets of London saw small groups strolling about laughing and joking. The only difference from peacetime was that many carried gas masks and army trucks sped troops and equipment through the streets. Shortly after Premier Neville Chamberlain's broadcast an air raid warning was sounded. Crowds took to shelter and the streets were deserted for half an hour. MBto To BERLIN, Sept 3. (JP Chancellor Hitler started for the eastern front tonight to join his soldiers. He left the chancellery at 10 p. m his limousine traversing darkened streets through almost silent crowds. The departure climaxed a day in which Hitler replied to the British ultimatum, addressed an appeal to Germany to justify his course by rallying to the nation and addressed separate messages to the eastern and western armies. He told the troops on the western frontiers: "If you do your duty, the battle in the east will be victoriously concluded in a few weeks and then the entire strength of our 90,000,000 stands behind you." He described the westerners on duty as guarding "unshakeably as a wall of steel and iron the I order of the reich against every attack. The message to the eastern army praised two days achievements "on which all Germany looks with pride . . . I know you will do your utmost to grind down and crush the enemy." Shell Schomberg BERLIN, Sept 3. (.V-The German army reported that a heavy Polish artillery bombardment, unabated since Friday, had inflicted considerable damage on densely populated Schomberg1, a workers' town on the Silesian frontier. S. A., SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1939 i i Li zz- n said the communique A rosos PARIS, Sept. 3. (JP Premier Edouard Daladier in a broadcast to the nation today said "responsibility for the present crisis rests entirely on the shoulders of the Hijler government." "We were hoping for peace still this morning." the premier told the French, "and did everything to keep the peace. , "Germany refused every one of our entreaties. "We appealed to every man whose heart was in favor of peace. "We worked without cease in favor of peace and it is now with a kind of tenderness, even, that our soldiers are goin to the front to accomplish their sacred duty. "The cause of France is the cause of peace and we will be victorious. "On this sacred ground of France, Liberty finds one of its last refuges. "Vive la France!" The premier added: "We have been the victims of the most brutal and sinister kind of invasion . . . responsiDinty ior bloodshed rests entirely upon ler's government "The future of peace was in ler's hands. "He chose war." Hit-Hit- Freneh Prepare PARIS. Sept. 3. (JP Huge posters announced today that the "popula- j tion is invited not to waste watir and to keep in the homes a suffi- cient supply for at least 43 hours." i Paris subway service was curtailed and buses were virtually . eliminated. Forty Parisian postoffices were closed as employes were mobilized. The ministry of national economy warned acainst profiteering. Signs designating bomb shelters and the number of persons that could be accommodated in them were posted in almost every street. Many foreigners were enlisting in th French foreign legion. Death for pillaging was decreed as many homes were vacated whn the fathers of families went to the front and mothers and children went to the country. War Proclaimed PARIS, Sept. 3. (JP) The French government late tonight issued a proclamation asserting in effect that a state of war existed between France and Germany. The French foreign ministry said in a communique that French Ambassador Robert Coulondre called on Joachim von Ribbf;ntrop, the nazi foreign minister, at 12:30 p. m. today and asked whether von Rib-bentrop "was in a position to give a satii-;'iK-'' ry reply to the corn-Turn to Page 2, Column 8 aw !! y w 5"' 4 v f - fr ' -V It ' I M Churchill f Eden n hi n n n r, m n Up E den Enter bluet LONDON. Sept. 3. tpy Winston Churchill, wartime first lord of the admiralty, was inducted into the present war cabinet today again as first lord of the admiralty. Capt. Anthony Eden, who once quit the British cabinet in disagreement over the appeasement policies of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, was also back in the cabinet. The debonair direct action-ist was not in the socalled war cabinet but was given the post of secretary of the dominions, but he was accorded special access to the inner war cabinet itself. A general realignment cf the British cabinet was announced to bring it to war time efficiency. Capt Eden succeeds Thomas In-skip who becomes chancellor succeeding Lord Maugham, who retires. Sir Samuel Hoare, secretary of state for hnme affairs, swapped posts with Sir John Anderson, lord privy seal. Lord Stanhope, minister for home security, became president of the council succeeding Viscount Runci-man, who retires. Lord Hankey became minister without portfolion. These changes in the cabinet were in addition to the appointment cf Winston Churchill as first lord of th eadmiralty, a post he held during the World war. FDR Summons Cabinet For Special Session WASHINGTON, Sept 3. fJP-President Koose vc It today summoned a $perial cabinet session for tomorrow afternoon. Meanwhile White Hou.e Secretary Stephen Early disclosed the state and justice departments were preparing a neutrality proclamation for issuance after President Roosevelt Is formally notified that a state of war exists In Europe. The president was awakened at 3:45 a. m, then retired acain at 6:30 a. m. after hearing the war announcement ', American household tumiture ie ; becomins popular ia Liberia. Ga 4 0 n TT)(nr( WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. (AP)-American neutrality in the European war was pledged today by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. "So long as it remains in my power to prevent it, there will be no blackout of peace in the United States' asserted the chief executive in a radio address to the nation tonight. He asserted that it was impossible to predict the future but added, nevertheless, that "this nation will remain a neutral nation." Mr. Roosevelt said he could not "ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well. "Even a neutral has the right to take account of facts," said the president. "Even a neutral can not be asked to close his mind or conscience. HAS SEEN AND HATES WAR "I have said not once but many times that I have seen war and 1 hate war. "I say that again and again." The president asserted that a proclamation of American neutrality is being prepared and added this would be done in any case in accordance with international law. He said this would be followed by another required by the existing neutrality act. He did not disclose when cither would !k issued. Mr. Roosevelt expressed the hope that "in days to come our neutrality can be made a true neutrality. "When peace has been broken anywhere, the peace of all countries is in danger he continued. "Passionately though we may desire detachment, we arc forced to realize that every word that comes through the air, every ship that sails the sea, every battle fought, does affect America. "Let no man or woman thoughtlessly or falsely talk of America as sending armies to European fields. . . . MUST THINK THINGS THROUGH "It is of the utmost importance that the people of this country, with the best information in the world, think things through. "The influence of America should be toward a constant seeking for humanity of a final peace which will eliminate, so far as it is possible to do so, the continued use of force between nations. ... "No American has a moral right to profiteer at the expense of either his fellow citizens or men, women and children who arc living and dying in the midst of the war in Europe. . . . "Let me make the simple plea that partisanship and selfishness be adjourned and that national unity be the thought that underlies all others." u e w LONDON, Sept. 3. (P) France and Great Uritain fluntr themselves into war against Germany today, but the veil of censorship hid war operations of the democratic allies whose representatives said they were engaged in war with the nazi government to protect Poland. Rulers of all the countries involved claimed right was on their side and prayed for God to aslt them. Bombs splashed flame in Poland including a German war plane attack on the Warsaw villa cf Anthony Drexel r.irlnMi. the American ambassador and German and Polish armies hurled themivlvcs at each iWr PRICE FIVE CENTS u u ii Vis? Li U Turn to Taje 3, Ci?T.n I

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