Honolulu Star-Bulletin from Honolulu, Hawaii on October 24, 1944 · 1
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Honolulu Star-Bulletin from Honolulu, Hawaii · 1

Honolulu, Hawaii
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 24, 1944
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1 f X n2 aaNaiaBnaBai ; ""H , . , mrm " n-:n7rz3rr n a u ( b o n A ! v I r- V y 1 il !l 7 28 PAGES HONOLULU, T. H. U. S. A., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1944 28 PAGES Evening Bulletin. Est. 1883, No. 1317T Hawaiian Star. Volume U. No,-1825 AIRPLANE DELIVERY ON OUTSIDE ISLANDS 7 PRICE ON OAHU 5 m mm Slums Statement By General Richardson The following .'statement was made by X,t Gen. Robert C. Rich ardson JrL at a press conference at 9:30 this morning at the office of internal security, on the capitol grounds, on the termination pi mar tial law: ""Many months of study have been given by ray staff and myself to elim inating martial law In the territory and the initiative was taken to pro cure from' trie president an execu tive order which would insure the security 1 of these islands during the war. . - , - VThe provisions of this order con' fer powerswhich are to be exer cised solely .for that security. "At the time of the restoration to the civil authorities of most of the powers which had been exercised under total martial law by the com manding general, the president ex pressed the hope that from time to time as .the military situation improved there would be a gradual return of all the powers that properly belong to constituted civilian authority, t m ''Ever Ince I have been in office, first as military governor and now. as commanding general administering Internal , secarlty measures it has been the policy t conform--to. the president's dlroe-;, tive and where possible to relinquish those powers which .were not necessary . for the security of these islands. . , m m - "Atthet time of the restoration In March X943 only such powers were retained as were necessary for security and to insure that the highly essential activities of the army and navy were not impeded. "It was;for that reason that' control of labor was 'placed in my hands.' and I regarded this responsibility, as, a very sacred trust. -It was my - constant endeavor ;to . ad minister - labor r with sympathy for their problems' nd - with absolute justice and consideration to. both individuals engaged .in labor .and to those employing them. . . y- m . m ; . ' T . . "As the studies- conducted by my office progressed it was determined that ' it . would be' to the best interests of all concerned to integrate available labor then under military control with that under civil control. "The office of internal security took the initiative in establishing the priorities committee under the war manpower commission ' whffch -was recently placed in effect. - ' m m . , ' : "At mf. invitation the chairman of the war labor board in Washington came here to discuss possible establishment of an office of "that board. Following these conferences .and careful study, . an office was set up. With the recent transfer to the war labor board of all jurisdiction : over . matters pertaining to wages and labor disputes, the relinquishment of all military control ever labor here was virtually completed..: ' , --' - .- "Similarly, I voluntarily 'relinquished the title of military governor which I had inherited, as the title - had i long since served any useful purpose and as all powers granted me in the discharge of toy mission were inherent in my office of commanding general. - - m The publicity which was given to the habeas corpus eases in the past year appears to me to have created, an. impression that there was continuous controversy In the territory between the civilian authorities and the military authorities over the powers exercised by the commanding general. I-"."-,--- m ':" 1 wish to emphaslie that such was not the case and It is only fair to both civilian and military authorities that people of the mainland understand that fact. ' "The differences were purely of legal conception 'and their discus sion' never descended into person alities or - even strained relations. Solutions were sought in a judicial and friendly atmosphere. - n B m ; . . ?As a" matter of fact, ever since the return to civil authorities in March, 1943, of most of - their powers the term 'martial law has been a misnomer inasmuch as the only, powers excepting . control of labor that have been exercised by me as commanding general were measures for the security of -the fleet when" in port and for the internal security of ; the - Hawaiian islands.- - - -, - . ' y .' ,"...-" . "With these -measures no - patriotic 'Americans can disagree. "Under the new" system of administration of necessary security measures I am sare I will, eon- fclnae to r find the same spirit of cooperation which the people of Hawaii have always displayed." i Full Restoration of Civil Rights At 9:30 This Morning; Provost Courts 'Out' For Civilian Trials; Curfew Remains In Effect; Hawaii Becomes 'Military Area' As On Mainland WASHINGTON, Oct. 24.' W) By proclamation President Roosevelt today lifted martial law and restored the privilege of habeas corpus In Hawaii. Martial law in Hawaii- in effect since December 7, 1941, was formally abolished today by Proclamation of the President of the United States and by proclamation of the Governor of Hawaii here. . - Through proclamationPresident Roosevelt lifted mar tial law and placed Hawaii. on the same basis as other parts of the Union in respect to the full exercise of civil liberties. Governor Ingram M. Stainback, who has officially and vigorously sought the full -restoration of civil rights for many months, announced at 9:30 this morning, at his office : in Iolani Palace, the abolition of martial law and the creation, by presidential executive order, of a mill tary area" here which follows a similar pattern in various mainland states regarded as strategic areas. Simultaneously Lieutenant General Robert C. Richardson, Jr., com manding general,, made a similar announcement. ' ' .- Each ' announcement was based en the official. Information from Washington with, instructions for the restoration of civil rights and details carrying oat the -presidential proclamation and order. '-- . ' " ' . ' . General Richardson's announcement was made at a press confer ence held in .the building on Iolani. palace , grounds occupied by the office of internal security formerly called the office of the military governor. -The two press conferences were held simultaneously Governor Stain back's in his office, General Richardson in the internal security office a lew yaras away. w w . Text of the presidential proclamations and order with other details of the handling of matters remaining in the responsibility, ef the raili tary here, are carried in an special 12-page supplement in today's Star Bulletin, printed as an official document,- Security Orders 1 to T in elusive, of the Office of Military Security. This office replaced the Office of the Military Governor, when that title and office were dis continued several months ago. ,; President Roosevelt's 'proclamation was made public in Washington at the same time as announcement was made here of the termination of martial law. - . - Governor Stainback promptly, at 9:30, signed in his office the proc lamatiOn restoring the privilege , of 'the writ . of . habeas corpus and terminating martial law throughout Hawaii. . . To press and radio representatives who were present, the governor -said that the period of martial law In Hawaii, from December 7, 1941., untn the present date. Is the longest time that any American community' has been under martial law. Effective from this day, he said; no civilians will be tried in military courts. ; ' ' - . . .. Maj. Robert B. Griffith, assistant to the executive, office of internal security, who represented that office, at the conferencesaid the provost courts . would : not function today and it was his understanding they would not henceforth. ' ' . ' The governor said the trial of civilian offenders against security regulations will devolve upon the federal courts, but that the 2? district magistrates 'in the 'territory will be available for this function. ..'..' ' . ' ' i,.,1;.; ' ..-:'" : Lt Gen. Robert C. Richardson Jr, commanding the Central Pacific Ocean areas, announced at a 40 minute press conference this morning that martial law in" Hawaii is at an end. Forty war correspondents," radio representatives and magazine writers were present in the general's office on Iolani palace grounds as the announcement was made. Gen. Richardson, emphasized that "at no time has there been any friction between myself and Governor Stainback over martial law. The entire matter has been carried on in a judicial atmosphere." He announced that Brig. Gen. W. R. C Morrison, executive, and his present staff will continue at the office of internal security. An Investigation Is now. being made by the U. S. district attorney here, he said, to determine whether cases pending in the now defunct provost courts can all be handled In the federal courts. If the cases going to federal courts prove too many. Gen. Richardson said Governor Stainback may issue a Hawaii Defense act rule permit ting trial of such cases in the territorial courts. Statement By Governor Stainback In Proclaiming Martial Laiv Ended Here The following statement was made at his press conference this morning by Governor Ingram M. Stainback: The President has instructed me to proclaim the termination of martial law throughout the Territory and the restoration of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus. . ' The President's proclamation was signed on October 18th, 1944, with instructions that I proclaim it throughout the Territory. It becomes effective as of today's date. I rejoice, with the cltlxena of the Territory, In the fall restoration of their constitutional rights and of civil government. Henceforth, - i Tarn to Page 6, Column 7 r LATE MEWS FDWAL U.S. Grip On Ley fe YSgEiiens NEW YORK. Oct 24. 0T American carrier borne planes raided an airfield on Luxon Island In the northern Philippines today, the Japanese controlled Radio Manila reported. It said 22 planes raided airdromes In the Manila area, where they were met by Nipponese Interceptors. This would indicate that Vice Admiral Mare Blitscher's powerful carrier force Is still hammering the Philippines In support of the American invasion of Leyte. Carrier action in the islands was not mentioned in yesterday's Pacific fleet communique. GEN. MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, LEYTE, P. I- Oct. 24. (U.R) American troops, deepening their Leyte beachhead to a minimum of seven miles on a front of nearly 25 miles, already have killed more than 3,000 Japanese and have prevented any effective Japanese counter thrusts. Gen. Douglas Mac-Arthur's headquarters revealed today. Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger said the opportunity for any effective Japanese ground reaction is vanishing as the Americans- drive the Japanese back into rice paddies and hill country away from coastal roads. MacARTHUR'S HE A D Q U A R-TERS. P. I., Oct. 24. Units of the 7th divisiou have captured San Pablo airfield tn Leyte. This is a seven mile advance, stemming westward from a beachhead at Dulag. . j - . , Amerfonf - occupied the field after a gruelling march of 12 cir-'- Tarn to Page 6. Column 2 ICamaUa May Quit In Race; Ka! May Enter The possibility that Ernest K. Kai may be asked by the Democratic central committee to enter the 4th district house race wa under dircussl" In political circles today following reports that '.Villi m K. Kanaka Intends to withdraw. Others under discussion as possible replacements for Mr. Kama-ka are Dr. Alexander Kaonohl and Dr. Donald V. Clarke. Mr. Kamaka wax reported as expecting to file his withdrawal papers later this afternoon with the secretary of the territory. He Is one - of the six DemocrMie candidates nominated for the house race In the 4th district. Should Mr. Kamaka. who Is ae of the "labor" candidates, withdraw, a replacement for him on the Democratic ticket could be made by the Bourbon central committee. The possibility of Mr. Kanaka's withdrawal has been under discussion In Democratic circles since the primary with a view to "drafting" a replacement should Mr. Kamaka withdraw. X- 7 Enemy Forces Including Battleships, Cruisers Located Moving Into P. I. Waters By FRANK TREMAINE United Press War Correspondent U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR, Oct. 24. (U.R)-A Japanese war fleet is moving into Philippines waters where it is under attack by aircraft of the U. S. 3rd fleet, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced today, indicating that a major naval engagement may be looming. Admiral Nimitz brief communique said: "On October 23 (west longitude date) enemy forces, including bat tleships and cruisers, were wghted moving eastward through the Si-buyan sea and Sulu sea in the Philippines and were attacked by carrier aircraft of the 3rd fleet. "Further details are not yet available." m m m The communique seemed to Indicate that the Japanene may be attempting to novo In to attack United States beachheads at Leyte with a bombardment force or may be sending troop reinforcements to Leyte or nearby central Philippine Islands. In either case, it was apparent that the Japanese forces were picked up by American aerial or naval patrol craft with the result that they were brought under immediate air attack by the planes of Admiral William F. Halsey's 3rd fleet before they could reach their objective. m m m The Sulu sea Is a large body of water lying west of Negros and Mindanao. It empties Into the Mindanao sea which. In torn, empties Into Leyte galf. The Sibayan sea Is a smaller body of water just south of Luton which empties Into the Vlsayan sea, which Is bounded on the southeast by Leyte Island. m m m Ships moving eastward through either sea might be progressing toward Leyte. Significantly, the communique did not mention carriers In the Japanese force. Ifenemy carriers actually are not present. Admiral Halsey's forces would have a considerable advantage In that they would be subjected only to attack by the Japanese land based air force in the Philippines which has been seriously depleted by 3rd fleet attacks since mid-September on the Philippines, Formosa and Ryukyu Islands. Halsey's forces have destroyed or damaged 2.275 to 2.285 Japanese plane since August 30 In attacks In jthe far western Pacific, the majority, of. whicTt were made rn the Philippines or bases on the air feeder route southward from J span. m m m There has been no indication as yet whether airfields captured by American forces on Leyte are in operation, but Admiral Halsey's carrier planes consistently have proved their ability to take care of themselves in any Japanese company. In addition to his carriers. Haley has a large complement of battleships, cruirers and destroyers in his 3rd fleet. Also, ships of the 7th fleet are present in Philippines waters. Admiral Halscy RUN ORTlGHT, JAPAN FLEET FACES DOOM By REMBERT JAMES ABOARD FLAGSHIP FOR AMERICAN 3rd FLEET IN WESTERN PACIFIC, Oct 22. (East Longitode Date) (via Navy Radio) (JPV The Japanese fleet Is dwwwed wither It edmlrals decide to come out and fight or continue hiding out Admiral William F. Halscy Jr., said today. m m m "We may have to go In and dig the Japanese fleet out, but In one way or another we will destroy It he declared In an interview. The commander of the 3rd fleet foresaw disaster : f -r tha enemy growlne out tt Gen. Dougla MtArthTV-ivtsIon of the Fhllfppinci!; mm "When we capture the Philip- I nines we will have cut rff the I Japanese southern empire, he said. "They are trying to build land routes to the south through China, but lt won't work. "As far as the ' Philippines are concerned, I would hate to be In a Japanese uniform In the Philippines right now." Daughter Born To Phil Kcllermans I . "I ' , J ARCTIC ZOOT SUIT is what they coll the outfit that aW Hon Joe, tht "Men from Mori" it wtorlnj. Mn. Kitty Chot fer on, Mt, end Miss Terry Corden, rignt, of tho 14th wovol district public relations office, ore keeping Joe supplied with reading material in preparation for his week ct tht Library of Hawaii ei port of tho Navy Week display. Meet'slian From' Mars' ooo ooo OeX OevO Mere's a Frigid Gl Guy A daughter, their first child w9 knrn n Mr anri tin Phil Kel- lerman Jr.. at 9 a. m. today at'Ka-j piolani Maternity hospital. The baby, who weighed seven pounds, has been named Constance Jean. Mr. Kellerman. who attended Punahou and Stanford university, is manager of the Bergstrom Music Co. Mrs. Kellerman is the former Leona MacLachlan of San Francisco and is prominent in Community theater circles here. NORMAN LEEDS DIES COLORADO SPRINGS. Colo, Oct. 24. Norman Leeds, retired Brdigeport, Conn, manufacturer of automatic business machines died today at a hospital here. Dewey's Speech In Minneapolis To Be Rebroadcast Here Governor " Thomas E. Dewey's Minneapolis speech today will be rebroadcast in Honolulu tomorrow, it was announced this morning by James P. Winne. Republican na tional committeeman for the territory. ... The speech, one of the important campaign utterances of the GOP candidate, will, be rebroadcast via KGU, by transcription, from 6:30 to 7 p.m. Wednesday. SOLDIER IS CHARGED Manslaughter was charged today by - Police Sergeant Joseph Jonss against Gilbert S. Mitchell. USA, in connection - with fatal injuring cf a soldier Tiding in a weapon carrier truck when it hit two' tree stumps and- overturned while driven by Mitchell at Haleiwa at night October,. 14. . Armyi authorities .will - try the case. ... ; - Frederick E. Trotter Dies At His Home Monday Evening Frederick E. Trotter, 40, son of the late Mrs. Frederick E. Trotter and the late Dr. Trotter, who was at one time director of the territorial board of health, died Monday night at his home at 2548 Ka-neloa Rd. Nuuanu mortuary is in charge of arrangements. Funeral plans will be announced later. . Mr. Trotter was depot superintendent with ,the civil aeronautics administration, department of commerce. .. . He was born in San Francisco June 25, 1904. and was a graduate of Punahou and Stanford university. He is survived by the widow, Mrs. Mary N. Trotter; a brother, -John. S. Trotter of . Honolulu; and . three sisters. Mrs, Marian Bottomley and Mrs. Nancy De Laveaga of California, and Mrs. Frances North of Honolulu . (Defeat!: otf Nazis This WBnifter Possible, Even WBth Weather JHIazard By JOHN LEE International News Service Correspondent SHAEF. Oct. 24. War correspondents and official observers at SHAEF in France are convinced that there is a strong possibility of Germany's defeat this winter, weather notwithstanding. While conceding that unavoidable weather may present the Allies with a difficult task in beating the Naiis to their knees, some quar ters believe an effort to deliver the final, crushing blow to Germany may come during the winter months. There Is no disposition whatever among observers to accept the theory that adverse weather alone will prevent the defeat of . Germany between now and . spring. , . If the attacking force has overwhelming superiority in war material it appears there is no reason that it can not override the enemy, regardless or weather. The Russians did just that last winter. There is no obvious reason why the Allies can not do it this winter. , Should the United Nations armies become bogged down, it appears possible to precipitate Germany's internal collapse with . a terrific offensive. Daring the . coming winter months there is reason to believe Germany Is going to be blasted , from the air on an even greater. rnt more terrific 'e than ever before. The blitx of Lonfien will be child's play compared . with what Germany Is experiencing even now. - - . " The technique of strategic bomb ing by our heavy bombers has been improved to such an extent that it is now possible to maintain 1.000 plane raids on German cities and military objectives all winter long with few. if any, interruptions due to weather. Even if the Germans manage to hold out through the winter, there will be little left of their cities. Torn to Page C Column 4 BERLIN SAYS ALLIES MASS FOR NEW PUSH SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCES. PARIS. Oct 24. (UP) British assault forces stormed into the key Dutch transport center of Hertogenbosch, and Berlin reported today that American reinforcements have moved up on the Aachen front for a new Rhineland offensive that is. expected soon. British 2nd army forces drove spearheads into Hertogenbosch, control junction of Nazi escape route? from southwest Holland, penetrating to the canal bisecting the city, while an unbroken assault arc increased from three directions. As British and Canadian forces battled to drive the Germans from the greater Antwerp area and open the big port to Allied sapply ships, the Nails warned "It may be assamed grim fighting will flare ap soon In the Aachen area." A Nazi radio commentator said Lt. Gen. Courtney Hodges' brought up fresh formations and tanks were massing in the area between Gei-lenkirchen. 13 miles north of Aachen and Stolberg. five miles east Capture of the German anchor bastion of Hertogenbosch might trap 60.000 to 70.000 Germans in southwest Holland by sealing their escape routes. Ia this fight front dispatches said Nazi resistance "appeared to be crumbling." HULL IS RESTING WASHINGTON. Oct 24 UT Undersecretary Edward Stettinius said today that Secretary Cordell Hull, who is in the Bethesda. MdJ naval hospital, is getting lots of rest and his examinations are proceeding most satisfactorily. ' Oat of this world la what visiters to the ltth naval district's puMte relations ofriee la the federal baildmg say when they aeo Aleatiaa Joe. the "Man from Mars." . Joe. who wears the navy's Win ter nlforni for frigid area. siU In an office chair, reads hi favorite magaslne and never says a word. ilia salt Isn't -soot and It doesnt have a "reet pleet," bot J doen't mind, becaose ap 'north, where It gets plenty cold, the sait Is 'all reet." la fart Joe's alUtaJe has been M frigid that Lt J ark Giie. t'SNR. district poblie relations officer. Is sending him to the Li brary of HawaJL Jo win dlaalav al anlform there all Hk m port of fcli ohare la tao Nary week display. A nary chaplain called at tho offleo t week and Jo wowldnl sneak to him. altboat a tho 'hap lata sat beaitf him for II anlnoto. A small carrier pko to Jo d got no anower, and a oaJlor, la a cool, white, Mnavf amlfomt. gan to feel oorry for Joo eca ho waa wearing sack heavy data-Ing. When the sailor noticed Joe ual breathing ho erica, fiy, this fellow Is drad!" -Of eoaro ho la." ehoroaed tho office employe. Joe ! a CI Tow era model" made from papier mhe. . rj --) f-j r rv i t : ) i t i f ! ' ? i v Li U LZ2 New Trans-Atlantic Flight Record Set NEW YORK. Oct 24. f Eatabtlshment of a new trans-Atlantle non-stop commercial flliM record of IS boar. 17 animate from La Gaardia field to Foyne,- Fire, was annoartred today by James M. Eaton, vice president of the American Etport Airline. The new record la one' boar and 11 mlaetes faster than tho pre-vloas best time. Over 80 Injured In Louisiana Train Wreck NEW ORLEANS, La, Oct 24. flj More than tt person were Injared today when the Illinois Central Railroad's penf er train Loalalana. boand for Chicago, rraabei Into tho rear of fteethen. Pacific's Senset Limited boand for Texas daring a heavy fag. Revolt Against Franco Flares In Spain LERIDA, Spain. Oct 24. tv Spanlah army force recaptared a frontier village yesterday In the Aran valley and cloaed the mala exit for Spanish Repabllcan snaqalaards who Infiltrated f paia from France. Today, the force of Gen. Tranc are moving down the valley la an effort to liquidate completely tb dlldrnts. East Prussia Strongpoints Fall To Reds LONDON, Oct 24. 0-Caplar of several heavily fortified atroar-points In Eaat Prasola and tho Nasi ba at Aacaatow la Poland. 17 mile aoatheaat of Sawalki. waa annoaneed tonliht bv Jdoacew. The broadcast aald Ilaast (Chaatl In the Crpatho-l"krai had fallen to Gen. Ivan Fetrev 4th Vkralnian army and that street fighting was being presoed In the northern TramylvanLan city of Sata-Mare, 39 mile oathwet of Iloatt Men Who Refused To Load Ships Held Guilty SAN FRANCISCO, Oct 24. J. AH S Negro oeamen accord of refaalng to load aramanltion skip at Mare Itiand navy yard hate been adjadged gailty by a eoart martial board of either matiny o condact prejudicial to good order and discipline. It tx annoaneed today. F peri fie lndivldaal verdicts were not revealed Immediately. USS Oklahoma Is Decommissioned PEARL HARBOR, Oct 21 DeeommistJonlnc of tho t'SS Oklahorra. capsised and sank la the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Deefr-.brr 7. 1941, was annoaneed today by tho eotnmander la chief of to Pacific fleet and Pacific ocean area. The famee battleship entered tho decomaalaaloaed states at Pearl Harbor a of September 1. 144. It wa annoaneed. The Oklahoma wa eommtadened May 2, 1914. h waa a 2Cft ton ship. &S3 feet In length with a 197 foot beam. PMkm List h$ MM&S& By RALPH TEATSORTH ' United Press War Correspondent LEYTE, P.-1, Oct 24. OLB Japanese oppressors since 142 inflicted multiple, atrocities of torture, pillage, murder and ape upon the Filipino, populace, it waa disclosed today by four guerrilla efficers who. with a resistance army of 4.000. including a few Americana, were preparing for Gen. Douglas MacArthur's invasion of Leyte. The guerrilla leaders were headed by CoL Rupert O. Kangelon and have been fighting the Japanese' for more than two yean since the fall of-Bataan and Corregidor. w w They,- charged: The Japs barned Filipinos alive In their hornet after looting their belongings and stealing their food and animal. - - The Japs left FilirMnoi tied In the ran without fool er wsJer urt.1 dead or nearly dead. The Japs hanged Filipinos and in sorre case gave them the "water treatment" purtng water In their mouths and noaea. The Japs assaulted Filipino women. Tht aeeoant of Japanea eatrate agatnat tb people they eon-trolled by military fore paralleled from a atandpotftt of Imhasaaaltv the ntor1oa "March of Death" end are by AmerUan tarvlvor of Bataaa at the hands of their Nip raptors. The guerrillas reached Lt Gen. Walter Kruegers its arrry headquarters a few hours after the beachhead was ettafcliihod on Leyto. Gen. MacArthur then issued a statement released today, reveal! Ttf the organized guerrilla army cf 4.000 aided In preparations fr tie Leyta landim and-viU joia forces with American lavation fwcesv, 1

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