Honolulu Star-Bulletin from Honolulu, Hawaii on August 28, 1942 · 1
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Honolulu Star-Bulletin from Honolulu, Hawaii · 1

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Friday, August 28, 1942
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J Last Edition A. P. And U. P. World Hews Daily h Tvmnirt Bulletin. Est. IP:, No. 11504 ?" Hawaiian S'ar, VoL XU.X. No. 1545 Late News FDIjIaL 12 PAGES HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, U. S. A., FRIDAY, AUGUST 28, 1942 12 PAGES 1rtrkk PRICE FIVE CENTS wssoakopsi Bssssssssl 1" "" ml LJ LJ v J L. -A -fS A ' A ; V - ' -. , . V 1 V; l 1 - - Llttlo Kakl I lit 1 ! I IS r 'if- i : J HEY WERE AT MAKIN: U. S. marines attacked Jaanee-held Ma kin !Iand (shown In Inset) Aanxt 17, destroying all shor,' Installations, two enemy planes, two warships and leaving bat two oat of 350 Jspa- nese in the vicinity "unaccounted for." Photo at rif ht shows members of tho marine raider battalion that attacked Makln. Also pictured at the left Is LU Col. Evans F. Carlson, L'SMC, Res, commander of the 4 marine raiaer t;roap; renter. MaJ. James Roosevelt, eldest son of President Roosevelt, second In com mand of the marines on the raid, and. right, Brig. Gen. H. K. Pickett, commanding general of the ma rine detachment, llth naval district. Makin is rough-Iv 2,400 miles from Honolulu and 3.3M from Tokyo, and has been used as an enemy advance bae Official photos taken by the United States navy. 3S panneS' airiDnesE soiilllt m 2 Super Mobile, Super Streamlined Force of U. S. Raiders 'Cleans House' at Makin Isle By JAMES F. LOWERY Star-Bulletin Staff Correspondent PEARL HARBOR, Aug:. 28 United States "Kung Ho" marines their memory of Wake still fresh have completely leveled Makin island. There are but two Japanese left on that major island of the enemy-held Gilbert group to tell of the attack. The other 348, there before the "super mobile, super streamlined" marines struck August 17, are dead. Attacking on a dark moonless night, the marines destroyed all stores, three radio stations and two enemy planes and withdrew with "light losses. That is the summary of that Joint surprise attack by navy and marine forces as revealed today by the officers who directed it Lt. Col. iTvans F. Carlson, USMC reserve, "Plymouth, Conn, commander of the marines; MaJ. James Roosevelt. USMC Coronada. Cal., second in command of the marines, and Cmdr. John M. Haines. USN. Coronada. Cal, who was in command of the expedition. It was the first revelation of the use of "super mobile, super streamlined" marines in the Pacific. (Makin is about 2,400 miles southwest of Honolulu and about 3,300 miles southeast of Tokyo.) 40 Honr Battle It Is a story of 40 hours of battle In which the marines and navy forces collaborated to completely eliminate a Japanese garrison of 200 men on the island, and destroy 150 more on two boats in the lagoon and withdraw with only "light losses August 18. It is the result of weeks of special training of men, personally Interviewed and selected by CoL Carlson and MaJ. Roosevelt On the eve of their first battle the- men were dabbed a "Kong Ho" outfit, meaning "work tn harmony," by their commander, who learned the saying during the time he spent with the 8th Chinese route army. Pointing out that his company was formed, as an answer to a di rectlve from Admiral Nimitz, on the theory of being super mobile and super streamlined and using the element of surprise to get in. strike hard and get out. Col. Carl son who acted as spokesman for the officers, began to relate the de tails of the attack. "We got ashore undetected and started to move towards the vital area of the island. .We came ashore in small boats on a dark, moonless night in a heavy sea. but everybody got ashore safely. "The Japanese were evidently on an alert, for they got news of enr presence abont 20 minutes after our arrival. Mobile reserves began coming up to meet ns. They pushed up in American made tracks and motorcycles using American made gas." The marines discovered the presence of U. S. made gas when they destroyed some 1,000 barrels of it. Lt Wilfred S. Le Francois, Wa-tertown, N. Y., an enlisted man who came up through the ranks and who was with Col. Carlson in Nicaragua, was in command of the advance guard that first made contact on the island. According to the marine commander the island is approximately seven miles long and from a mile to a mile and a half wide at various points. Snipers Cause Trouble "We began a flank movement as the Japanese began arriving," Col. Carlson continued. "They had snipers in the trees wearing green uniforms and puttes that blended in beautifully with, the foliage and it was the snipers that caused us more trouble than anything else." DWhen resistence developed the Japanese appeared to have machine guns, several types of automatic weapons and flame throwers," CoL Carlson revealed. "We had some trouble with grenade throwers." the marine commander said, "but they only got off six ealvps before we knocked them out The sniper were strapped in the trees and when shot would merely hang there." It was explained that Makin is land is almost completely bare of undergrowth and the trees mostly are coconut CoL Carlson fold of one sniper who continually tried to get Mat Roosevelt When asked If he succeeded. Jimmy said. "No, Mr. we got him." The only sign of Injury the president's son showed was a cut finger which became infected. The American forces underwent their first attack from the air at 11:30 a. m. August 17. The first wave consisted mostly of observation planes that dropped a few bombs, according to CoL Carlson. out uie second at 1:20 p. m. was comprised of four motored bombers and zeros, which apparently were from the Marshall islands, 170 miles away. "They came down as low as 200 Turn to Page 2. Column 1 Japan Fleet Fleeing To The North WASHINGTON. Aug. 28. WV- A navy spokesman said today that there have been "no reports" of any new actions in the Solomon islands area up to 5 p. m, EWT. As far as the navy is concerned, he added, "this meant that the enemy has not renewed operations designed to expel American marine and naval forces from hard-won positions in the Tnlagi and Guadalcanal section.' American League TANKS LEVEL, CLEVELAND INDIANS BY 3-9 SCORE NEW YORK, Aug. 28. (JTt Thll Rlztuto hit two doubles and scored two runs today as the Yanks leveled the Cleveland Indians 3-0. Pitcher Chandler get his llth win or the season. Cleveland 9 7 1 New York ... 3 7 0 Dean and Hegan; Chandler and Rosar. BOSTON RED SOX BEAT CniCAOO 4- - - BOSTON. Aug. 28. Joe Dob-son got his ninth win of the season today as the Boston Red Sox blanked the Chicago White Sox 4-0. Chicago . 0 4 3 Boston 4 10 0 Rom and Tresh; Dobson and Con-roy. LONDON", Aug. 28. W "After a shattering defeat at the hands of the allied sea and air forces in the Solomon islands," the Japanese fleet is withdrawing to the Japanese mandated islands to the north. the London Star reported today from Sydney. Authoritative United States sources said no information on the Solomon islands' operations is available here and doubted u any additional facts are available in Sydney, The dispatch was attributed to Selwyn Speight Star correspondent He estimated Japanese losses during the past fortnight at 50 ships sunk or damaged. LONDON, Aug. 28. m After suf fering loss of or damage to nearly 50 ships, units of the Japanese fleet which have been in the Solomon islands conflict with American forces are racing north for shelter in bases in the mandated islands. the London Star reported from Sydney today. It is understood that United States planes are still harrying the invaders. It was said that Japan faces loss of naval superiority in New Guinea as a result of the retirement but the Star's dispatch said Japan may risk another naval action in trying to retrieve its position. The Stars Sydney correspondent estimated that Japanese losses tn the Solomons and New Guinea areas in the vast two weeks total nearly 50 ships sunk or damaged which, however, still Is only a small part of the Japanese strength. Reports from almost everywhere along the 2.000 mile front from the Pacific islands to Australia show bitter land, sea and air fighting still raging. Already there are algns ST. LOUIS BROWNS WIN OVER ATHLETICS PHILADELPHIA. Aug. 28. CP) The St Louis Browns tied up the game In the ninth inning- today and then went on to win tn the 10th on a homer by Wally Jndnlch by a score of 5-4 ever the Philadelphia Athletics. St Louis 5 t 0 Philadelphia 4 12 2 Auker. Caster and Ferrel; Besse and Swift National League ST. LOUIS CARDS DOWN PHILLIES 7-4 ST. LOUIS, Aug. 28. MV-In the first game of a donbleheader the St Louis Cards defeated the Philadelphia Phillies here today, 7-4. George Knrowski tripled with the bases loaded in the seventh inning to win. Philadelphia 4 13 1 St Louis 7 9 2 Hoerst Nahem. Hughes. Beck and Bragam; Dickson. Gumbert and W. Cooper. DODGERS WALLOP CUBS EASILY BY 7-1 SCORE CHICAGO. Aug. 28. Pitcher Claude Passean suffered his 10th defeat today as arainst 17 trlumnhs when the Dodrera defeated the Cubs 7-1. Brooklyn . . 7 17 0 Chicago ; i s 2 Higbe. Casey and Owens: Pas- scan. Errickson, - Lee and McCnl- lough. British Join In Campaign Against Subs : WASHINGTON. Aug. 28. WV-British planes and fliers have joined the antisubmarine campaign in the western Atlantic, cooperating with United States forces, the navy department announced today, adding that they have "already engaged the enemy." Naval officials said that the war on U-boats has been increasingly successful during the last two months. Randolph Crossley May Run for House Although announcement has been made on Kauai that Randolph Crossley of Honolulu and Kauai intends to run for the house from Kauai on the Republican ticket Ms. Crossley said today he has made no such announcement as he has not decided whether he will run. Although nomination papers for Mr. Crossley have been circulated and signed by Kauai citizens. Mr. Crossley says he has not filed them with the territorial secretary's office. Mr. Crossley Is president of the Hawaiian Fruit Packers of KsuaL I In addition to his home in Hono- that ! lulu. Mr. Crossley has established Turn to Page 1, Column li a fconje t Kapaa. Kauai. .4 Struggle For Control In Guinea Rages GEN. DOUGLAS MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA Aug. 28. WV-Allied scouts battled seaborne Japanese invaders today in the swampy crocodile infested iunsles of southeast rew Guinea in a critical struggle for the island tip only 420 miles from the Australian mainland. "Action Is developing." said Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters today without riving details. The Japanese reportedly have brought up aerial opposition to challenge the allied fliers who had smashed unopposed at enemy trans ports, troops, warships and landing barges earlier in the week. Because of the difficult terrain. It was said that there is little chance of a large scale battle developing. Success Foreseen MELBOURNE. Aug. 23. t Tre mendous resources on both sides will be drawn into the battle for the Solomon islands. Gen. Sir Thomas Blarney, commander of the allied ground forces in the south Pacific, said today. He further asserted that "it is not a single action but a battle which has reached an aggressive stage and must be fought out until one side or the other is defeated." Expressing optimism over the outcome of the operation at Milne bay the commander of the allied land forces In Australia said that the allies would be able to prevent the Japanese who have landed there from joining enemy forces In the Kokoda area. Inland. Gen. Blarney paid particular tribute to the work of the allied air force in contesting the Japanese landing at Milne. He said allied bombers operated under a handicap of the worst kind of weather. Had it not been for the dense clouds over the area, the bombers Turn to Page 2, Column 4 Chinese Retake Vital Air Base From Japanese By SPENCER MOOSA CHUNGKING. Aug. 28. (AV-Chinese forces reentered Chuhsien today and recce u pied the great airfield Just outside of the city the most important east China base from which Japan could be bombed Chinese dispatches from the battlefront said today. The Chinese entered the city about dawn and the air field was in their possession shortly thereafter. Earlier, the high command reported that the Japanese were attempting to put the field out of commission by systematic destruction preparatory to retreating from the strategic base which they have held since late May. The communique from Chinese headquarters announced today that the Chinese troops had entered Lishui. a site of the second most important air field in east China, and are now battling the Japanese inside of the city. Garner Anthony Is a Democrat In an early edition Thursday (afterward corrected). The Star-Bulletin inadvertently referred to Attorney Gamer Anthony as a Republican. This was in connection with the authoritative report that he may be selected as the next attorney general of the territory. Mr. Anthony is a Democrat, but has not been active in partisan politics and even some of his long time acquaintances were not aware of his political affiliation. He might be described as an "independent Democrat" "Peppy" Moniz Seriously Hurt in Fall Richard iPeppv) Monix, 27. 1353 Loitana Kt star Honolulu baseball player. Is In a serious condition in a hospital this afternoon fejlowtng a fall from a telephone pole shortly after 9:39 a. m. today on Tunahou school campus. Mr. Monla. who Is emploved bv the Hawaiian Electric Co.. was working at the top of a pole when he received an electric shock that knocked him to the ground, arcordlnr to police. A preliminary examination bv Dr. John Kometanl at the emergency hospital revealed Mr. Monls Is suffering from a possible fracture of the skull, bark Injuries and shock. Mr. Monls is a catcher with the Braves team In the Hawaii basball learue. - ... ...... , ..... ' He has also performed m other positions with brilliance and Is regarded one of the most dangerous batters tn the national pastime here. Alaska Seen as Key Point for Offense WASHINGTON". Aug. 2. or Senator llsrold II. Barton (R.-OhM. a member of the senate committee which just returned from Alaska, described the territory and Siberia as a natural direct military route to the heart of Japan. Senator Burton advocated the recognition of Alaska as a key point for an early offensive action which he said would be less costlv and would hold greater promise for a large scale success than defensive operations by the t'nited States. The senator praised the military, naval and civilian officers ta Alaska for cooperation In the face of all handicaps. Capital Stock Tax Cut From Revenue Bill WASHINGTON. Aug. 28. (X The senate finance committee voted to eliminate from the new tax bill the capital stock tax and declared that the value was In excess of the profits tax on corporations an action which would reduce potential revenues about S74.00o.008. Chairman Walter F. George said that the committee had agreed to revise Its basis for computing the excess profits tax to give some relief to corporations uing the average earnings method. Thus corporations which bad low earnings In one of the base years from 1938 through lf39 could substitute 73 per cent of the average for ether three years for the low year's totat owe Easfovairdl Kleairs SUaDnmigiradi LONDON. Ag. 2a. iJTA German radio heard by Keuteeo wi agency tonight claimed that nati forces are 4 miles from Attrahan. LONDON. Aug. 28. (T) Rodio Vichy tonight breodcott Stockholm dispatch saying that the Germons hod reached tho Volga river at one unspecified point in the current fighting before Stalingrad. LONDON. Aug. 28. (U.P.t The red army hat fought its way into the outskirts rf Rihev in the, offensive west of Moscow, but the natts northwest of Stalingrad have succeeded tn renetraunr some soviet defenses. Radio Moscow's communique said tonight Battling at Rihev MOSCOW. Aug. 29 Saturday. (" Soviet forces are still battling the nans on the outskirts of Rihev and on the new approaches to Stalingrad. Saturday morning's communique ennounced. No indications were given of any major changes on te long drawn out front A soviet worship It was added was reported today to have sunk an enemy submarine in the Black Tr.e communique also listed the same fighting areas as given in the last few days. Russian sources asserted tfday that the Germans have turned to the bombing of residential sections in the center of Stalingrad after raids on military objectives yielded no important success. Many homes have been set on fir by the explosive pattern of hundreds of bombs. Meanwhile dorens of planes fought duels over the steppes to the approaches of the city. A Russian frontal assault reportedly destroyed ftO tanks and killed hundreds of Germans to break up a nsxi spearhead striking from the northwest The battle for the strategic Rao-slsa Industrial crater f Stalingrad baa reached a crista. A powerful onslaught is drtvirg to the distant approaches of the city and dive bombers have started destructive mass attacks, but battlefront dispatches said that the armored spearhead to the northwest ha been cut rff and fneircJed. Th red army, however, is hammering away at its own offensive In the suburbs of rati held Rihev. The army's newspaper. Red Star, said that the fight for Stalingrad holds ' the key to victory," so important is this fTeat induitrul town. On one salient the Russians, In ; fuccesjful local counter attacks, re captured three towns. But the de- Turn to rage . Column Z V Gen. Marshall Marshall Is Rumored To Head Invasion Kirw yokjc Asr. ta. eji The Berlin radio UmUrht reiterated its pcrrtosM report that Gen. George C Marshall. IT. R. army chief mi staff . had been named commander tn chief of the allied "Invasion armies-" Radio Berlin said the appoint ment was agreed an by Trims Minister Winston Cburehilt President Raosevflt and rremler Josef Ptalln. Suit Against A. P. Hailed By Marshall Field ISee Story on page 4) CHICAGO. Aug. 2. IT) Marshall jjfleld. founder of the Chirage San. asserted today that the suit arainst The Associated Press was "brought following; a complaint filed with the department of Justice by. the Chicago Son and that It would. If successful, "prove to be one of the most Important strokes for freedom of the press In the history of American Journalism. He added: "All newspapers new being published and all that may be la a no bed in tho faturo will have access to the news gathering facilities of the country ... with news treated as a public utility and open to all alike and It will once more be possible as It was In the 19th century for men of moderate capital to embark apea the publication of newspapers without being choked to death at the outset by monopolistic discrimination. 63 Killed as Typhoon Sweeps Japanese Islands BERLIN. Aug. 2S. t Official Broadcast Recorded by U5) Report from Tokyo said today that a typhoon swept over the southern pari f the Japanese Islands, especially Knlsha and south Honshu, causing the death of S3 persons and Injuries to 71 others. The report said let buildings were destroyed and more than 10,009 homes flooded. Executions Ordered By Nazi Military Courts LONDON, Aug. IS. (AV-Tbe execution of nine former Caeca general staff officers by Germans was announced here today by a Cieeh gov eminent offlclat The spokesman said that the officers were sentenced by a German court at Prague on charges of "committing high treason against tho German retch and against the order created in Bohemia and Moravia Turn to Pago . Cetaina 2 OabroeDsoDi ExpDaamis Emergency ProcedluB' To avoid unnecessary arrest and Inconveniences, Chief of Police W. A. GabrieLsca today explained "the procedure for the public to take in the case of emergencies arising during blackout hours. When sn emergency such as taking a person to a hospital is necessary the first thing to do is to call for an ambulance at the city -county emergency hospital, telephone 6077. If the emergency hospital can not be reached, contact the police department, telephone 6231. In cases where a person ran not reach a telephone, the nearest first aid station should be notified. Also, block wardens may be asked to help. The police department discourages the public from rushing emergency esses in cars during black' out hours," Mr. Gabrleisoa said. "In the first place, there la a temptaUoa So speed and fallaro to observe the proper homlevard Steps. "This Is daarerovs aad may remit in a more s ericas arc id cot as has bsppened In many Instances. "The emergency hospital or the police department will respond to any cases of emergency. The public should not hesitate to call either cX Oera. Army Will Hold Maneuvers In City on Sunday Lt Gen. Delos C Emmons announced today there will be a special maneuver by the armed farces throughout the streets of Honolulu from daybreak until mid-afternoon. Civilians are asked to cooperate with the maneuver program by remaining off the streets in the concerted areas as far as is possible. They are particularly requested to keep motor traffic at a minimum. "It is impossible to give details of the maneuver." Gen. Emmons aid. "However, it is necesary that street traffic In congested arras be kept to a minimum and motoring must be confined to that which is only necessary." "It is especially urged that per sons refrain from becoming curiosity seekers and that they do not assemble on streets and corners mere than they have." Validity of Rent Control Questioned ; WICHITA. Kans.. Aug. 2. WW The validity of the government's rent control program was taken under advisement today by a three-judge federal court wfiioh ruled in effect that the Wichita landlords must abide by the terms of the ' war-time act for the time being. The court granted the office of price administration a preliminary injunction restraining Idiss Temperance KimmeL apartment operator, from evicting tenants or collecting more rent than received in July 1. 1MU the date on which rents in this area were frmen. U. S. Fortress Attacks Are Continued Sirens Sounded As Equipment Is Tested Air raid alarm sirens were sound ed from noon to 12:05 p. m. today for the purpose of testing mechan ics! equipment Hcwiolulans went about their duties as usual with the downtown streets crowded with shoppers and business people en their way to lunch. Senator Heen Files Senator William H- Heen. Oahu Democrat today filed nomination paper with ih secretary of the territory as a o.ndidate for reelec tion to the upper h"ae post he has held for many yesrs. Cuba has an extensive rrocram Jor diversifying its agriculture. LONTXW. Au. 24. ITS America?! fiyir.g fwtreses striking over France today in their sixth attack of the war bombed sn airplane far-' lory at Meaulte near Albert and all of them returned safely to their baes. Spitfires, flown by members of the United States army sir force, also took part in the daylight operations. One Royal Canadian ir force fighter was lost and one German fijrhter plane wws shot down. No flying" fortress has yet been lost desp-.te the fact that they have made six raids. It is understood, that yesterdty's fortress raid on Rotterdam resulted in great damage to the harbor. Two Points Attacked IvONDON". Aug. 1&. (JTV From one end of Germany to the other, the Royal air force spread its might with bombers lart night Kassel. in central Germany, and Gydnia. former Polish port on the Baltic, were the chief targets. The air ministry acknowledged trse loos of 39 bombers. The bombardment of Kassel was "concentrated and effecth-e." the air ministry added. To reach it the British fliers had to eo more than lVY) miles for the round trip under a moonlit sky. ( Planes Attack At Kasse! perhaps rVX) planes hit the source f the Meserschmitt fighters and the site of the narJ's biceest locomotive foundry. Gyndia has been u.ed by the Germans as a repair dock for the battleship Gneisenau. It Is also an important German submarine base, (German sources said today that material dsraare was done to residential areas only and that some civilian casualties were inflicted tn the Kassel attack). German bombers followed up their llcht night attacks with a series of daylrht raids in widely separated areas, the air ministry said. Continuing the attsck on day and night, basis, fighter places roared over the Englith channel throughout the forenoon, and tn the afternoon a powerful force of bombers, escorted by figtter planet, swer toward France. Meanwrnie two enemy plaoes Turn to Tape . Column f xaxi con's rx Toms IjONDON. Aug. 2. tu.rwprivs'e advices resrhirg London Thursday nicht said Dr. Hans Droch. German consul general of Croatia's. Ljubljana district had "d.ed sui dealy" in the hotel Slew ta Ljubl jana.

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