The Morning Call from Allentown, Pennsylvania on June 12, 1944 · 1
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The Morning Call from Allentown, Pennsylvania · 1

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Monday, June 12, 1944
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r Get hi 01 En o Invnsioa r j 5 Q En Eiztni SoEadls fio m m s In En ir o Ha En to Vicfiosry rrrTT it MORNING CALLtbibb THE WEATHER Fair today with a moderate temperature. Yesterday temperatures: Maximum 83, minimum 59. l JMUt! Lehigh Valley's Greatest Newspaper VOL. 108, NO. 139 ALLENTOWN, PA., MONDAY MORNING, JUNE 12, 1911 Entered cond-claw Matter Pout Office. AllentowD. Fa. CINGLB COPT Three Cent DAILY It Centi a Week daily arvnAY 18 Cent! a Week Americans Move Closer to Cherbourg; 8,000 Allied Planes Hammer Nazi Invasion Defenses from Beachhead to Paris Big Bombers Stage Daylight Assault On French Areas Enemy Army Headquarters Among Targets Smashed by Aerial Gunners SUPREME- HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDI- m"XT TV lrrl r't' T.,v, 11 A T Cnnov Vioorlnrl Yr 1 Oftfl TJ. S. heavy bombers, nearly 7,000 Allied warplanes supporting Allied armies enlarging their beachheads in Normandy today dealt tne uermans tne neaviesi series oi uayugm- mows ince the invasion began. . U. S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators smashed at nine nemy airfields, eight bridges, a German army headquarters and other objectives in an area stretching from the beachhead to Paris and as far north as Pas De Calais. At the same time fighters kept up a day-long pounding of communication lines and enemy convoys. . 'j Mustangs, Thunderbolts and Lightnings dive-bombed and blasted enemy targets, shooting up more than 300 railroad cars, 85 trucks, a number of tanks and armored cars, 25 locomotives and a dozen oil tanks. j . Headquarters of the strategic air force announced that five German planes were destroyed and that three heavy bombers and eight fighters were missing from all the day s operations. Fly 13,000 Sorties Since D-Day Since D-day until 6 p. m.. Sunday, headquarters of the strategic air force jounced planes of the Ninth Air Force alone flew more than 13,000 somes, JrSTabout 100 flights per hour over enemy territory despite bad weather SrtSS? Rounded all except reconnaissance planes for 24 hours June 9. Shfce H-hour, the announcement said, mediums, light and flghter-iKrof the Ninth have dropped more than 5.800 tons of bombs in and ICi the battle zone Fighter-bombers alone have hit more than 800 different obJ"1- carriers and gliders have flown more than 1,000 operations al- Jh? announcement said. The Ninth has lost 112 planes since the together, the aimouncenieut o Knrt after iminariino- Fortv German Snes0 l fcv the Ninth Air Force. nionps based in Bri- wni in i Uin and on newiy-wuu u France re battering at the Nazis Hitler Balkan defenses were pounded $ Ameran heavy - bombers which flew from their new bases in Euwjto smash at two Romanian aurfields Eh of Bucharest and completed their shuttle trip back to Italy. Allies Lose 26 Plane. 'Overall Allied aerial losses for the ay were 26 . planes, most . victim, of German anu-aircmn. 6""- -"on! r ' . total of nine German Xnei were reported destroyed-flve fcy the Eighth Air Force. indicating the Allies' aerial activity M continuing on through the night the German radio broadcast that ruisancc raiders were PPching Western Oermany-perhaps Mo.-eultos Bolng to Berlin for the thtid Successive night. The Budapest .radio also went off the air. suggesting that Mediterranean-based night bombers were out. American Marauder and Havoc bombers ranged over a 200-mile front Burin the day, from the Pans area o the bay of St. Michel at the western toot, of the Cherbourg peninsula bombing si" targets. American Vustangs dive-bombed two railroad bridges and a repair shed em the Vire river south of St. Lo. 10 Ues south of the American lines. Reinforcements Bombed Thunderbolts twice dive-bombed German reinforcements heading towards the front In railway yards at Coutances. 17 miles west of St. Lo, end radio installations and rail facilities In the same area. One Marauder and Ave fighters vere shot down by anti-aircraft fire. Only one German plane was seen. RAF Typhoons, Mustangs and Spitfires maintained the beachhead "umbrella." meeting some flak but few German planes. Up to noon four RAF fighters and four German planes had been shot down. The American assault followed a huge RAF blow on four key rail centers In the Paris area, and was supplemented by flKhter-bombers which through the day maintained what headquarters termed probably the closest air support ever given ground operations. Allied airmen flew 6,000 to 7.000 eorties In the 36 hours since Friday midnight. Some 1.000 U. S. Flying Fortresses end Liberators drove home the main morning blow today, escorted by as n-inc Thiinderhoit. Mustang and Ugnining ngniers stuujjius w trafe additional objectives en route. Transport Lines Hit The havoc wreaked upon the enemy's transport, lines of communi-Continued on Page 7. Column 3 Raid Nip Airbase Near Philippines ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. NEW GUINEA, Monday. June 12. tif) Apparently catching the Japanese off guard. Liberators of the Tfrh Armv Air Force raided Palau Fridav destroying 22 planes on the j in ,Vi in the" first riavlieht raid bv!a land-based planes on the enemy island fortress only 536 miles from the KiUUUU a - o - - Philippines. HeadSwters announced today that the Liberators were not intercepted, indicating the Japanese were taken by surprise. Palua first was raided March 29. 30 and 31, when carrier-based planes sank 28 Japanese ships and destroyed more than 160 airplanes. The first attack by land-based planes was Thursday night and In the darkness result were not observed. In addition to destruction of 22 grounded planes Friday, many buildings in the vicinity of Palau's airdrome were blown up. a headquarters spokesman said. He added that "this sajd: "There are too many people to-remarkable extension of Lieutenant : day who think that because we had General George C. Kenney's bomber landed across the channel it is going line is the result of our capture of to be a cake walk from Cherbourg Dutch New Guinea air bases within to Berlin. the last two months. j "It is going to be nothing of the Truk. in the central Carolines l,OonlKind, for we have not even started miles east of Palau. underwent a heavier attack on the same day. Fifth Army Air Force Liberators dropped 0 tons of bombs on Moem. Dublon, Pa ram. Mesegon. and Alet Island In the Puluwat group. the Allies were shot down Congress Hopes For Vacation In 2 Weeks xv a KHiwr.Tntj .inn a it. f4) Con gressional leaders hoped today to get enough worn out oi jegisiatora m we next two weeks to assure a vacation for five. Thif Mas 1 take a recess through the Republican and Democratic conventions. The Republicans meet June 26 and the Democrats July 19. congress wouia meet again auj, i, and. if there is no urgent business, lay ntT fnr annther month. The plans are contingent on whether Congress can clean up: A bill, enmeshed in controversy, to extend the Drice control act wnicn expires June 30. Nearly $100,000,000,000 In appropriations, which also need attention by June 30. The "G.I. bill of rights," providing a vast system of benefits for veterans rtf thj filKfnt. uar Legislation to expedite settlement of terminated war contracts. Republican and Democratic leaders are fairlv well agreed on recess plans. But there may be a hitch because of a tussle over the price control bill and the possibility of a veto. The Senate approved last week an 18 months' extension measure but riveted on an amendment by Senator Bankhead (D-Ala) to adjust textile price ceilings and boost the price of raw cotton. There's a chance the House may accept the amendment, which Is oppowed by the administration as inflationary. Should the House turn down the amendment, some compromise might be worked out that would satisfy everybody, Including the Whit House. Chances of a summer recess then would expand. The G.I. bill of rights, approved in compromise form Saturday by a Senate-House committee. Is scheduled for a Senate "okay" tomorrow and House approval as soon as the price control bill is out of the way. It would grant hospitalization, educational benefits and unemployment compensation to war veterans. British Secret Weapon Used in Normandy Is Gigantic Glider LONDON. June 11. (P) The British disclosed tonight that a "secret weapon" used In the Normandy landings was a huge new glider called the Hamilcar. With a wingspread greater than that of a Lancaster four-engined bomber, the Hamilcar must be towed by a heavy bomber, but can land in a small field. It can and did carry a light tank. Hn - f tK flref tanlre Via lonyArl France silenced witnin two minutes German gunpost which had been ... causing heavy casualties among Allied grounu iurces. Anotner Hamucars tame lmmeai- ately blew the top off a tower in which German snipers were concealed. Warns Britons Not To Be Over Optimistic LONDON, June 11. G4 The Allies may not be able to make general advance in France before the end of July. Colonel D. Clifton Brown, speaker of the House of Commons, told a "salute the soldier week" crowd last night at Hexham. Warninff aoainst over-ontimism he our march to Berlin. It may be a long time DTI ore we are auie uj comuiisu a bridgehead from which we can advance, but I think that If we can make a general advance before the end of July we shall be lucky. Indeed.' Reds Open Drive On 25-mile Front To Knock Finland Out of the War LONDON, Monday, June 12. (A) The Red army, opening a major offensive on the Karelian Isthmus above Leningrad, has smashed 15 miles through the strong Finnish Mannher-helm line and captured 82 1 towns and villages, Premier-Marshal Stalin disclosed last night in an order of the day. The Russian assault on a 25-mile wide front between Lake Ladoga and the Gulf of Finland was aimed at knocking out Finland, Germany's co-belligerent In the war against Russia, and was launched after Finland had rejected Russian armistice terms which Included a demand for the ex pulsion of seven Nazi divisions operating in Finland. Other Red army offensives were ex pected to unfold soon on the long front from the Baltic to the Black seas as part of the Allied master plan aimed at defeating Germany this year. A midnight communique supplement said units of the Red banner Baltic fleet were aiding the land forces by hurling tons of steel Into Finnish shore emplacements. The Finns are "suffering heavy losses in men and material, the bulletin said. "Thousands of enemy soldiers were killed as a result of bombing and artillery fire, and many prisoners were taken. Reports from uneasy Finland said the massive Russian assault began Friday three days after the Allied invasion of Western France. Stalin's order of the day and a following communique announced the Russian capture in two days fighting of the rail city of Terijoki. 27 air line miles northwest of Leningrad and 160 miles east of the Finnish capital of Helsinki. Terijoki is six miles west of the 1938 Russian-Finnish border on the Leningrad-Helsinki railway which runs near the north coast of the Gulf of Finland at that point. Terijoki was the site of the shortlived "Finnish people's government" headed by Otto Kuusinen and recognized by Soviet Russia In December, 1939. during the 1939-40 , Finnish-Russian war. Russian forces attacking - with the support of massed artillery and swarms of planes also seized Yappilya, "an Important strongpoint" seven miles northeast of Terijoki. the order of the day said. The Finnish front had been more or less stalemated since November, 1941. after the Finns had regained the territory lost to Russia the year before. A Russian victory In Finland would ODen the way for a smash Into German-occupied Norway, which adjoins Finland In the north. It also would close the aerial ring on Germany from the north. Finnish military officials acknowledged the Russians had broken through their lines, and dispatches from Helsinki said the Finns were Increasingly worried. Finnish business firms were blacklisted by the United States recently after several friendly American warnings to Finland to get out of the war or risk destruction. The blacklisting occurred after Finland's government had rejected Russian armistice terms last April. Yugoslavs Seize Nazi Base LONDON. June 11. (fVt Yugoslav partisans of Marshal Tito, working closely with Allied troops hacking away at Hitler's back-door in the Balkans, announced tonight the capture of the German base at Pousnik In Slovenia, and the Croatian town of Korenica, seven miles south of Zagreb. As the Yugoslav partisans carried the fighting to the Nazi forces In the Balkans. Allied forces aided the guerrilla fighters with land, sea and air &. t,t ticks Allied naval units shelled the Italian port of Lusslnpiccolo on the Island of Lussino off the Yugoslav coast Thursday, and for three days British and American raiders working with Partisans occupied the big Yugoslav island of Brae and Inflicted severe losses before withdrawing June 4. The Brodbosanskl Brod oil refinery between Belgrade and Zagreb was left a mass of flames last night by Royal Air Force heavyweight bombers a few hours after American heavy bombers had pounded Trieste's refinery and hit other oil Installations in Northern Italy. General Sir Harry Maitland Wilson, Allied comander-in-chief in Italy warned the Albanian puppet government to drop its plans to recruit Albanians for the German army. Such an act, his statement said, would be "an act of enemies which still have Inevitable consequences both now and in the day of liberation." U. S. Glider Pilot Kills 11 Nazis; Taken Captive, He Flees in Stolen Car AT A NINTH AIR FORCE TROOP CARRIER BASE. June 11. (A) In a few hours of fast action. Glider Pilot R. B4 Fowler killed 11 Germans, was taken prisoner and escaped back to the American lines on a stolen Nazi motorcycle. When the flight officer's glider crash-landed in Normandy on D-day. Fowler killed nine Nazis with a hand grenade and his rifle. He was knocked unconscious then, and when he awoke he was a captive. He was taken to regimental headquarters with two other survivors of his group. A German colonel drove up and Fowler threw a hand grenarir which the Nazis had overlooked in his pocket when they searched him. It killed the colonel and another soldier. Fowler fled with the colonel'a binoculars and carbine. "All I'm waiting for now is the next tow Job," he said. Yank Tank From the gaping jaw of an LST boat, an American tank rolls down the ramp onto the soil of France. The size of the weapon reveals that much heavy equipment is now landing on the Invasion beaches to bolster Allied forces fighting their way inland. V. S. Signal Corps Radiophoto. (International Soundphoto) Allies Gain 10 In Sweep Through Italy ROME, June 11. W The Fifth and Eighth Armies, pressing close behind the mauled Germans who have lost 70,000. men In a month, sped a general ten- northward today in mile advance that over-ran the important industrial city of Pescara on the Adriatic coast. Midway on the Italian peninsula east of Rome the former German bas tion of Avezzano also fell to the Eighth Army which was fighting over difficult rolling wooded land heavily mined and studded with stubborn rear guards. Avezzano lies on the important lateral road from Rome to Pescara and the Eighth was methodically clear ing it of the enemy. The Fourteenth German Army, which turned to make a brief and costly stand six miles north of Viter-bo, was in full retreat again and the AAA Head Raps War Workers As Speeders WASHINGTON, June 11. (PJ The American Automobile Assn. today said war workers as a group are reckless drivers, completely disregard wartime speed regulations and are notoriously indifferent to any and all measures of car conservation. Thomas P. Henry, of Detroit, presi dent of the AAA, issued this blanket indictment In a report to government agencies on the initial cross-country swing of an AAA "keep 'em rolling" demonstration. ' The trip, Henry said, disclosed that the majority of people are not conservation-minded and that the 35-mile an hour recommended federal speed limit for wartime is completely ignored everywhere. "But the worst driving conditions." he added, "the most reprehensible driving practices, and the greatest dis regard for conservation were notea on the stretches of highway leading to and from war plants. "Driving conditions near war-essential factories are so bad," he declared, "that in many cases the general public is reluctant to use the same roads because of risk to life and limb. "And in some instances, even the Continued on Page 7, Column 6 French Patriots Stage Uprisings; . ' Kill Collaborationists in 3 Towns IRUN, SPAIN. June 11. (Pi-French partisans have occupied strategic centers in the cities of Toulouse, Limoges and Tarbes In Southern France and have shot the prefects of police, mayors and other collaborationist authorities in all three cities, direct dispatches reaching here said today. The dispatches did not make clear whether the actions constituted a general uprising, saying only that important points in the three cities, as well as in the regions surrounding them were occupied by the partisans. (A major uprising by French patriots, extending from Metz to Avignonalmost the entire length of Eastern France and including a "major coup" at Bellegarde near the Swiss border, was described today in Swiss and Swedish newspaper accounts, the Office of War Information reported. About 100 French patriots were said to have seized the Belle-garde railway station, location of Nazi headquarters, and to have "proceeded systematically to sabotage all the Installations. About a mile away, the report said. 48 Germans were killed and 150 prisoners taken in a "violent clash" between Germans and patriots last Thursday. (The Bern radio, quoting a dis-pntrh from the French frontier, sttld that a buttle had been Joined "in the regions of Oyon-nax, St. Calude and Morez" about 10 miles west of the Swiss border In West Central France. The area Is along a 25-mile arc northeast from Oyonnax, which Is about 75 , miles northeast of Lyon. Heads for Battle More Miles Fifth Army pushed ten miles north of that city. There were indications the German flight was even faster than before since mine sweepers steamed into Santo Stefano to find that port, 80 miles northwest of Rome and 25 miles beyond Allied patrols advancing up the coast, abandqned. The Tenth German army, which had been falling back more slowly, accelerated its retreat as the Fourteenth's swift withdrawal uncovered its right flank and Indians of the British Eighth Army seized not only Pescara but Cheiti. another provincial capital farther inland, the coastal resort of Francavilla five miles south of Pescara, and Sulmona. The Fifth Army continued to meet only slight opposition as It roared north capturing Montalto dl Castro, 60 air Continued on Page 7. Column 1 Allied Diplomats M. Plan for Nazi Surrender WASHINGTON. June 11. With the invasion of Europe well under way Allied diplomats are drafting surrender and occupation terms which are understood to call for complete industrial demobilization of Germany. The terms were worked out by the European advisory council in London, composed of American, British and Russian diplomats, subject to final revision and approval of the Moscow, London and Washington governments. They are being rushed Into a final working agreement because Allied leaders feel they must be prepared for the possibility, no matter how remote, of a German collapse. From the White House down there is no evidence in official quarters here that a collapse Is expected. The plan for what to do when victory comes considers two main contingencies: (1) That the German surrender will be given by a government or a military command capable of halting resistance on all fronts effectively or (2) that the Germans will break down piecemeal, losing their armies and their territory in prolonged retreat. Continued on Page 7, Column 5 ("The partisans have made an effort to gain control of Fort de 1 Ecluse, and in the face of this situation, reports say that reinforcements have been requested by the occupation troops," said the broadcast recorded in New York by CBS. (The German-controlled Vichy telegraph agency, the OWI reported, said Nazi occupation authorities had assumed full "executive power" in the four departments of South Central France Allier, Cantal, Hauteloire and Puy de Dome). The first train to arrive from Northern France since the start of the Allied invasion had been routed by way of Lyon, Marseille. Toulouse, Bordeaux and Hendaye. A traveller said the partisans have been receiving arms constantly from the Allies for the last fortnight, enabling them to attack Germans and collaborationists in force. This traveler said the French roads were "in a more chaotic condition than In 1940." as the collaborationists fled the countryside for the cities and German protection. Inhabitants of coastal regions were reported trying to reach Central France, despite German resistance. One carload of weary travelers crossed the Irun frontier today from I Paris and Belgium and reported that French underground guerrillas were leading an uprising In South-Central France. These guerrillas, they said, have occupied scores of smaller towns, as well as points in the three large cities They said they were told by trainmen that saboteurs had wrecked the direct Paris-Bordeaux line. with Nazis Vichy Radio Says Another Allied Invasion Near LONDON, Monday, June 12. (A) The German-controlled Vichy radio early today broadcast "a report from Field Marshal General Karl Von Rundstedt's headquarters" declaring that "another Allied invasion Is Imminent." " ' " ' "Sixty Allied divisions are waiting in the British Isles to take another leap across the water to land on a different spot in Europe," it said. Earlier the German military commentator Captain Ludwig Sertorius also had forecast other, possibly stronger Allied landings elsewhere, but he suggested they might be delayed "until the situation In Normandy had been consolidated so that the Allies can withdraw the bulk of their air and naval forces." The Germans yesterday admitted American forces had punched to a point within 14 miles of strategic Cherbourg and declared In broadcasts that the Allies were attempting to seal off the port and peninsula "In order to clear out the Germans and make It a platform for the second Invasion phase." "Extensive landings of troops with quantities of heavy material were made today in the American beachhead from the Vire mouth (above Lsigny) to Quinevllle." Berlin said, and one U. S. push reached as far as the Montebourg-Quineville road 14 miles from France's third largest port. Warships bombarded Barfleur at the northeast tip of the peninsula, the Germans reported. Far to the east at the other end of the battlefront. strong Allied parachute forces landed south of Caen, another broadcast declared, and bridgehead penetrations as deep as 12 'if miles inland at the most were acknowledged. For their own successes the Germans claimed the sinking of four Allied destroyers and damaging of two more, and the sinking- of 10 Allied transports. There was no Allied confirmation of such losses. Clark Among Thousands Of Soldiers Attending Mass of Thanks in Rome ROME, June 11. A) Almost 10,000 soldiers of the Fifth Army offered prayers of thanks for their victory at a great mass in the Church of St. Mary of the Angels today while Italians in the Eternal City's countless other churches expressed their gratitude that Rome had been spared. Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark with French, British and United States members of his staff attended the mass of thanksgiving, taking their places In the sanctuary beside Eugene Cardinal Tisserant, who presided. Opposite them were diplomats accredited to the Vatican and other dignitaries. The nave of the massive church was packed with American, British and French. Colonel Patrick J. Ryan. St. Paul, Minn.; chaplain of the Fifth Army, celebrated mass, assisted by Father Louis Jarraux and Father Patrick Tobin of the French and British sections of the Fifth Army. Chaplain Michael I. English S.J., formerly of Loyola university of Chicago, preached the sermon in which he said there was no more appropriate place in the world than Rome to pray and give thanks. He asked his soldier congregation to unite In the prayer of Pope Pius that peace may come soon. Dr. Leo C. Mundy Dies In Wilkes-Barre Hospital WILKES-BARRE. June 11. (A) Dr. Leo C. Munday, 57. state senator form the 20th senatorial district and nominee of the Democratic party for reelection to his third term, died in Mercy hospital tonight at 8 o'clock. He was reported suffering from heart disease with which he had bepn troubled during the last two years. He was under trcatmnet in an oxygen tent. Thursdav Dr. Mundv went to Har-rlsburg with his son. John Mundy, to allow him to catch a train to his Army camp somewhere ln Wisconsin. He was taken 111 on the trip and on returning home went to his bed. Yank Troops Reach Outskirts of City 14 Miles from Port Progress of U. S. Forces Reported As 'Excellent-Could Not Be Better' SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Monday, June 12. (AP) American troops, making news which headquarters declared today was "excellent it could not be better," plunged to the outskirts of Montebourg, 14 miles southeast of the prize port of Cherbourg, slashed half-way across the Cherbourg peninsula, and drove deeply southeast towards St. Lo Sunday in furious battle with the Germans. Quickly following the midnight communique No. 12 which announced these gains and heavy fighting on the British wing of the Normandy invasion front below liberated Tilly-Sur-Seulles, headquarters said the American progress on the right wing towards Cherbourg was "extremely good news" The Americans also won high official praise for all advance on their own left wing. In the center of the 50-mile Allied front headquarters disclosed that they had liberated the town of Lison, 10 miles south of the coast below lsigny and, in a continuing push on a broad front, had moved several miles farther south and east to the forest of Cerisy. 'Nearing Successful End' So encouraging were these gains of five miles or mor that headquarters announced: "The phase of securing the bridgehead is nearing a successful end.'.' m The situation around Carentan, big town in the neck of the Cherbourg penincula, was described as "obscure." The German still held the town but Americans were advancing deep along each side of it. West of St. Mere Eglise, on the road to Cherbourg. Americans who have crossed the main peninsular railway in several places still are fighting stiffly, beating off repeated German counter-attacks. The Germans said there were massive new landings of troops and equipment Sunday on the east coast of the peninsula, and the Allies announced that rail yards, junctions, bridges and the airfield at the city of Cherbourg itself were bombed and strafed during the day. ti,. ronreded that it was obvious that the Allies intended to 'seize Cherbourg and the top of the peninsula and "make It a platform for ! the second phase of the Invasion." The Allied communique announced that in the vicinity of Tilly-Sur-Seul- les the Germans had thrown In heavy armored forces and were stubbornly re-I jitinff the British advance along the Seulles river. 1 Tillv-Sur-Seulles is a dozen miles inland, southeast of Bayeux. Its capture bv the British with the aid of heavy naval artillery, plus the American surge past Lison. put most of the beaches out of range of German guns. I&uisc There was strong indication that Big Tank Battles Developing In France I Aftl fl fY ) y 1 11 fL a C7 June 11 (JP) Fierce WASHINGTON. tank battles are developing ,u. fields of France between Allied and Nar.l mechanized divisions, an Army expert recently returned from Europe said today. m lai oo jicale armor clashes have, occurred since the African campaign along the Mediterranean when desert terrain afforded the space needed for maneuvering the big land cruisers. Colonel Robert O. Montgomery of ni fl.id artillerv of Fort Bragg, N. C, who served on the Army ground forces hoard in the European ineaier of , v.j . .;.m.n ripaeri' operations said In a statement releasee. h 4 Via War Flfno rt.mpnt "This has been a dry spring In France. The ground Is firm and admirably suited to use of armored forces. For the first time since Tunisia I believe that the tank men are gomg to get a chance really to show whHt they can do. I feel, too, that if the Germans have the six or seven ar-,r,r.ri divisions which they claim are " , "v.r, in Prnr. that' the tank will also come into their own. Dispatches from fighting in Normandy support Montgomery's prediction. Armored forces on both sides are jockeying and thrusting each other on the perimejers of the beachheads. Allied supreme headquarters mentions new armored stabs ln the battle area. In the American Army, the three striking components of an armored division are its tanks, armorea infantry and armored field artillery. Under present methods, armored attack usually is made in three echelons. The first wave is an echelon of tanks and infantry, its mission to destroy enemy gun emplacements and continue on a march to destroy enemy communications and supply Installations. , , The Kprnnd echelon, consisting Of tanks, is assianed to destroy smau automatic weapons, personnel and the lnreer min emplacements left by the first wave. Carrier Planes Bomb Guam U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS. PEARL HARBOR, June 11. (A)A. powerful carrier task force, presumably launching scores of planes, bombarded Saipan, Tinian and Guam in the Southern Mariannas last Saturday. Admiral Chester W. Nlmltz reported today. His brief communique did not disclose results of the attack. Nimitz' statement that the "task force struck enemy positions" was interpreted as meaning this was a one-day raid on the bases where carrier planes had a field day in their Feb 21-22 raid. There was no indication whether this strike was comparable to the February raid involving approximately 1.000 planes. Nor was there any estimate of whether there was an appreciable amount of shipping in the harbors. Guam, captured by the Japanese early in the war from a small U. S Marine garrison, is 1.100 miles west of American air bases in the Mar-si;.- 1 . : -id nearly 1.000 miles northeast of General Douglas MacArthur'a advanced positions ln the Southwest Pacific. the German defense command of Field Marshals Rommel and Von Rundstedt was committing iu armor and reserve troops piecemeal along the entire effort to contain the Allied drive gen- erally rather than stopping it m detail hV overwhelming concentration of forces. V. S. Offensiv Rolls On The rolling American offensive un- der Lieutenant General Omar N. jDiauji', viui;u wun euLu 1111 idle ri nine iiuiu LuuaciTnvi'c aknu v. fleers at headquarters, was spearheaded by the 8nd and 101st airborne divisions and the First and 29th infantry divisions. It coincided with craning aerial blows which saw more than 1.000 bombers go out on a single mission, while Brlitsh and American warshlpa IMHindcd enemy defenses to bits deep inland and broke up repeated attacks by German motor torpedo boats. On the Cherbourg peninsula, the Germans evidently were making a last desperate stand to try to protect the railway junction of Valognes, four mnes aoove xvionieoourg, ana wer ln vam against the airborne miles above Montebourg, and were troops who had crossed the railway west of St. Mere Eglise. The firm stand of the airborne forces was described at headquarter! as "very gratifying' suice it showed the Germans had not the strength to break the lines. ln the center, the American drive on St. Lo, nine miles below Lison, a as i aimed at a highway-hub controlling Hade Flooded Lowlands This drive won high praise from headquarters. The American troops, aided by engineers, had to wade and fight through five miles of flooded lowlands to take Lison. They now have reached rolling country, ideal for mobile warfare. Between Bayeux and Caen, heavy fighting was continued by British and Canadian units. Tank battles still raged in desperate fury about Caen as the uermans tried to break through. The British Sixth airborne division defended the east bank of a canal in that sector ln what was officially called a "sallant" action against repeated German counterattacks. The day s progress altogether was i the biggest and most gratifying since the initial landings Tuesday. Unofficially, the opinion wax expressed around headquarters that it now was impossible for the Germans to dislodge the Allied forces. After the first tough four days, the Allies were regaining the initiative and were in an offensive mood. The optimism of the supreme command was partly due to improving weather. Although there were drizzles of rain and a mist in the channel during the night, the wind had dropped and the unloading of supplies and reinforcements was proceeding rapidly. Both sides poured in armor and fresh troops, with Allied planes and warships battering home titanic supporting blows. Berlin estimated IS Allied divisions of 350,000 to 400,000 men were engaged. U. S. airborne troops operating, aa Infantry smashed in several pieces Continued en Page 7, Column 4 The Call's Index Amusementi Classified Deaths of a Day Editorial Radio Sports Page 17 Pages 21-22 Page 10 Pate H Pate 17 Paces 14-15 Twenty-five Years Ago Page It Weather Tage Woman Page 1 Phone 4241 for Want Ad

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