The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 17, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, August 17, 1954
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THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 124 Blytheville Courier Blytheviile Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 17, 1954 TEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Senate to Pass House Outlaw Only Few Mirror Changes Expected to Be Included By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — A House-passed bill to outlaw the Communist party and strip all legal protection from Communist-dominated unions was ticketed today for Senate passage with possibly half a dozen changes, most of them described as minor. • » "» The measure, speedily passed by the House 305-2 yesterday after fl 1 I £-»•*• ftjtJf GOP leaders had conferred with K 1Cn|||1 lllllTl iCPfl President Eisenhower, came up ISlJllV|S II VIII IVVU for debate in the Senate late last night with every prospect of quick approval. from Red Hungary Urges Church Freedom Should Not Bow To Governments, Council Told By GEORGE W. CORNELL EVANSTON, HI. OR—A bishop from Communist Hungary declared today churches must not but should stand more resolutely as free instruments of God. "In the face of all opposing views either within or outside the church we proclaim this freedom of the church's way," Bishop John Peter told World Christian leaders. He was the first delegate from behind the Iron Curtain on the program of the global assembly here of the World Council of Churches and the most controversial figure among them. Resolution Needed In a prepared speech brimming with Scripture quotations he asserted that the church is not bound up with any social system but serves independently its Lord on the road of human history. He said: "I believe that not only in our country but everywhere in the world where there are Christians the churches ought to voice this independence of the church of all social systems more courageously and more resolutely than hereto- are 20 representatives fore." There from Communist lands among 1, 500 churchmen from 48 nations participating in the assembly. Their presence has been assailed by some outside groups, and Bishop Peter's role particularly has bf en questioned. Peter is a bishop of the Reformed Church of -Hungary. The State Department denied was a member of the Hungariau Presbyterian meeting in Princeton, him permission to attend a world Asked about rumors the bishop N.J. two weeks ago but issued a visa restricting his trip to World spokesman said at the time that Cuuncil activities. secret police, a State Department information indicated Peter's visit should be limited. However, a World Council leader, Charles P. Taft of Cincinnati, told newsmen there are no wraps on any delegates—Peter included —so far as what they do or say at the assembly. Improvements Claimed Bishop Peter did not specifically praise or criticize the Hungarian regime but he did maintain conditions for health and growth of the church had improved in recent times. He said God "having delivered us from mar, harmful bondages of the past," has kept his promise in the midst of the events of World War n and ater it to reveal "his secret to his servants." The Hungarian government, he said, in "guaranteeing the freedom of church life" provided for gradually decreasing state subsidies. He expressed gratification this was leading to church self- support. ' "Our church which formerly relied on the income of apartment houses and landed estates lives now in an increasing measure by what its Lord decrees to sustain it," he said. To the assembly, the greatest aggregation of Christian leadership ever gathered in America, the Hungarian bishop declared: has failed to voice months the grand message of the world-Christ — the hope of the •world." This is the central theme of the assembly. Wilson School Registration Set WILSON — Student* at Wilson High School will register Aug. 30 through Sept. 2, it was announced today by Principal J. D. Roberts. Registration will be in the school library. Senior will report Aug. 30; Juniors, Aug. 31; sophomores, Sept. 1; find freshmen, Sept, 2, according to Mr. Robert*. But a stumbling block came into view when Sen. Butler (R-Md), author of the part of the legislation forbidding Red-dominated unions the facilities of the National Labor Relations Board, offered six amendments to that section he described as "technical." Study Demanded Senators Humphrey (D-Minn), Kefauver (D-Tenn) and Lehman (D-Lib-NY) questioned that description. They said half the amendments made important changes and demanded that they be produced for study. The President's antisubversive yesterday on another front when the Senate passed after brief debate a threecornered measure, in slightly different form than a similar House bill, and sent it back to the House for anticipated quick approval. This bill, third in the arsenal of new antisubversion weapons asked by Eisenhower and passed in .varying forms by both houses, is designed (1) to tighten and modernize present laws against sabotage, (2) provide a death penalty for peacetime espionage and (3) require registration of all persons trained in espionage or sabotage by a foreign government or foreign political party. The communist party-outlawing bill made a surprise entry on the congressional scene Thursday when Humphrey offered it as a substitute for Butler's Communist- dominated unions measure. The senate wound up unanimously passing both as a single bill. Objections Voiced Administration objections were heard over the weekend that the measure—which would have slapped heavy fines and jail sentences on individuals who are active Communists—would make martyrs out laws set up for national security. After a White House meeting at which Atty. Gen. Brownell sat in, GOP leaders put through the House a revised version without the penalties against individuals. House Republican Leader Halleck of Indiana said Brownell preferred no legislation but would not oppose the bill, now up for Senate approval. The bill says the Communist party shall not have any of the rights, privileges and immunities granted to lawful organizations, and it would lay down the same bar for successors of the present party. Rights removed would include the right to enter candidates for political office. The measure also says nothing in it should be construed as a repealer of the Internal Security (McCarran) Act of 1950, under which the government has been trying to force registration of the Communist party. The case is still in the courts. District Rotary Head to Visit Blytheville Club Blytheville Rotary Club will be host Thursday of Verlyn L. Heath of Paragould, governor of Rotary International's 200th District, who will make his annual official visit to the 36 clubs in the eastern region Mr. Heath will confer with members of the local club on the coming world-wide observance of Rotary's Golden Anniversary, Feb. 23-June 2. Proprietor of the Heath Funeral Home in Paragould, Mr, Heath is immediate past president of the Arkansas Funeral Director's Asso- ^ „— 0 r --- . Arsansas rwierai Directors At>s>u- "I may tell you that there is ciatiorii and a past pres ident of the no pulpit in our churches which Arkansas Club of Buria ] Ass0 cia- l --~ failed to voice in the last - tions. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Giants to Try to Stop Losses Against Phillie* . . . Wilkinson Sees More Kicking in 1954 Football Season . . . Sports .... Pages 6 and 7 ... . . . Half Sprite, Half Woman: Audrey Hepburn Talks with Her Eyes . . . Second in * Series . . . P»f e 3 ... . . . Irrigation Tour Her* Was Highly Beneficial . . Editorials . . . Page 4 ... FIRST COTTON SAMPLE — Eugene R. Mclnnes, in charge of the USDA's cotton classing office here, is shown as he checked the first 1954 cotton sample from members of the Smith-Doxey cotton improvement groups. The sample was received yesterday from the first bale ginned this year in the county. It was ginned by Bryan Farms, Inc., of Osceola, one of the sampling agents for the cotton improvement groups. Last year, nearly half a million bales were classed by the Blytheville office. After sampling, a green card showing grade and staple length is sent the group submitting: the cotton. These cards help producers sell cotton at the best price. They may be used to compare CCC loan values with market prices and are acceptable for placing cotton in loan. More than 8,000 farmers are members of improvements in the Blytheville office's territory. (Courier News Photo) 1954 Drought May Be Worst in Three Years By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS In the midst of impending "economic disaster" on Arkansas' drought-stricken farms, agricultural officials fear this summer's heat and lack of water may turn into the worst of the three droughts. C. A. Vines, associate director of the Agricultural Extension Service, said "The condition now is worse than at any time last year." He pointed out that two previous droughts forced Arkansas farmers to operate on a thin margin. 8100,000 Sought Both vines and State Sen. Marvin Melton of Jonesboro, head of the drought study committee, predicted that all 75 countiesi n Arkansas eventually would be designated drought disaster areas. The committee, appointed by Gov. Francis Cherry, is asking the federal government to provide $100.000 for the hay program in Arkansas this year. Melton expressed hope that the use of a feed made mostly from rice hulls—which could be produced in Arkansas—might enable a Meanwhile no section'of Arkansas escaped yesterday's blistering temperatures. The mercury soared Bureau's repo- l 'ng stations. Temperatures Soar Walnut Ridge, Blytheville and Flippin registered 106 r degrees. Little Rock had 105—the 35th time this year the capitol city's maximum temperature has passed 100. Fort Smith and Pine Bluff also had 105. El Dorado had 103 and Fayetteville and Texarkana each ahd 102. The U. S. Weather Bureau in Little Rock predicts more of the same for today, with only a chance of showers in the extreme north portion of Arkansas. There was a slight shower at El Dorado yesterday. Dulles Fears French Demands May Kill EDC WASHINGTON (AP) — State Department officials from Secretary of State Dulles down were reported fearful today that new French defense proposals might kill the long-cherished six-nation European army plan. GOP Mitchell Charges Ike Was Influenced By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Democratic National Chairman Stephen A. Mitchell drew a blast from Republican senators and criticism from some members of his own party today for linking- President Eisenhower's friendship for golfer Bobby Jones with a proposed power contract. The Senate had scarcely con- 41 •• - Authoritative American informants seemed convinced changes in the European Defense Community plan, proposed by French Premier Pierre Mendes-France, were far too drastic to be accepted by the other countries involved. And they foresaw little or no chance that the other proposed European army partners—West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg — could find any formula for reconciling their own views with the new French attitude. To Meet in Brussels Foreign ministers of the six na- U'-ns are to meet in Brussels Thursday to discuss the problem. All participants except France and Itaiy have ratified the treaty. The Mendes-France amendments among other things, would allow any member to withdraw from EDC if American and British troops were pulled out of Europe, would make the EDC treaty's length the same as that of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, forbid the stationing of German troops on French soil and withhold final French ratification pending a new try at settlement with Russia over Germany. In & move to explain the new French plan, Ambassador Henri Bonnet met secretly at the State Department yesterday with Acting Secretary Walter Bedell Smith. Smith Agrees Smith was reported to share the view chat the French plan imperils the entire future of the defense community. However, he was said to be leading an intensive drive to find some sort of middle path which might be acceptable to France and the other European army partners. Some other officials were reported pessimistic over his chances. In a further U.S. move to bolster EDC's prospects, Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committet announced h« will leave for Europe today to talk over the matter—at Dulles' request—with British and French officials including Mendes-France. Mercury Hits 106toEaual Previous Peak Yesterday's torrid temperature climbed to a high of 106 degrees to establish a tie for the hottest day of the past two years. The first 106-degree day here was July 18. This was the hottest day since July 28, 1952, when the mercury hit 109 for the third time that year. Yesterday's high marked the peak to date in a three-day climb that began with Saturday's 103-degree high and was preceded with a maximum of 105 Sunday. vened when GOP Leader Knowland of California teed off on Mitchell's intimation, in a speech last night, • that Eisenhower was influenced by Jones to order a private power contract in the area served by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).. Knowland told the Senate that if Mitchell has any information which indicates the contract is "illegal" or the result of "undue influence," he has a duty to present his facts to the Justice Department or the Senate-House Atomic Committee. Regrets Level The Californian said he recognizes the growing heat of this year's political campaign, but "I regret that it can't be kept on a level other than attacking the personal motives of the President of the United States." Knowland said it was regrettable when a : .statement is made in the present -troublesome times "Which appears to me to cast reflections on the President of the United States -ind tends to break down the confidence of the people" in their- chief executive.; Sen. Cooper (R-Ky) noted that he had argued against the contract "with all the strength at my command" in Senate debate on the atomic bill. He said he still regretted that Eisenhower had ordered it made. But Cooper said he was certain the President "acted in what he thought were the best interests of the country" and concluded: "I do not believe there is any truth at all in the statement made by the chairman of the Democratic party." Carried "Too Far" Off. 'the Senate floor, Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) told a reporter that he feels Mitchell "carried guilt by association too far" in hitting at Eisenhower's contract order. But Kefauver's colleague, Sen. Gore (D-Tenn) said if a Democratic Senate is elected this fall, he will press for a probe of the contract matter. Kefauver's and Gore's opinions pointed up an apparent division among Democrats as to the wisdom of directly attacking Eisenhower in the coming campaign season. Another senator who preferred to remain anonymous said criticism similar to Mitchell's had been included in a speech a Democratic senator planned to make during the Senate battle over the atomic energy bill, but was stricken out on the advice of other party members. Kefauver said in an interview that while he believes Eisenhower was "dead wrong" about the power contract, he does not subscribe to Mitchell's implications. Kefauver and Gore have championed the TVA. "I don't think Bobby Jones is the type of man who would use his personal influence in a matter of that sort and I wouldn't think that friendship would influence the President," Kefauver said. "That's carrying guilt by association too far." Also indicating disagreement with Mitchell, Sen. George (D-Ga) told a reporter: "I have known Eobby Jones and his family back to his grandfather and he is not the kind of man who would under- I take to influence the President, I for whom he has the highest re- |gnvd." Approval Given For Studebaker, Pockord Merger DETROIT UPl ~ Consolidation of the Studebaker Corp. and Packard Motor Car Co. was approved by stockholders today. Packard stockholders voted a tota 1 of 12,016,402 shares, or 82.9 per cent of the total outstanding st->ck. Of the shares voted almost 90 per cent favored the merger. Studebaker shareholders voted 1,953,320 shares, or 82 per cent of the total shares. Of these 98.6 per cent favored the merger. The Studebaker vote was tabulated at the company's corporate headquarters in Wilmington. Del. The Packard vote was counted in Detroit. Forfeits Traffic Bond In Municipal Court this morning, L. B. Buzbee forfeited bond of $19.75 on a charge of no vehicle license, and James Brown forfeited i bond in the same amount on a ! charge of no driver's license. j A charge of operating a motor vehicle without a vehicle license against J. I until Saturday. Last-Ditch Fight Planned Against Flexible Farm Bill Administration's Opponents Fear Okay of Compromise WASHINGTON UP)—Vocal opponents of the administration's farm program planned last-ditch protests, but even they anticipated speedy congressional approval — perhaps today — of a hard-fought compromise. Two Republican critics of flexible and lower price supports incorporated in the measure said they would speak against the compromise agreement they refused to sign yesterday. Both Sen. Young (ND) and Rep. Andersen (Minn), however, conceded defeat. Chairman Hope (R-Kan) of the House Agriculture Committee planned to call up the compromise first in the House. Chairman Aiken (R-Vt) of the Senate Agriculture Committee, a staunch supporter of the administration farm program, said he might ask Senate action first if there is a delay in the House. 75% Sanctioned The toughest battle in four days of Senate-House conferences on the omnibus farm bill was over dairy supports. The final agreement sanctioned a level of 75 per cent of- parity, -a measure of farm prices calculated to reflect farm costs. Secretary of Agriculture Benson, citing millions of pounds of surplus on gov- ernment'hands, cut dairy props to that point from a previous 90 per cent last April, Conferees rejected a House-proposed floor of 80 per cent from Sept. 1. to next April, but picked up House provisions intended to drain the surplus. These would supply additional milk to school children and channel more but- and Veterans Administration. Aiken said one Senate provision "is a slap at Secretary Benson and gives his enemies a chance to crow." Senate Democrats with the aid of a few Republicans voted 45-44 to nullify Benson's limit of three straight terms on members of the farmer committees that administer federal programs. The clause was retained, even though Eisenhower had asked that it be eliminated. Wool Incentive The President also was rebuffed to some degree when conferees kept a ceiling of 110 per cent of parity on special incentive payments plus market prices on domestic wool and put a four-year limit on the wool program. On the other side of the ledger, inclusion of these features largely satisfied Eisenhower requests: 1. A flexible system of supports from 82 ! 2 to 90 per cent on cotton, wheat, corn, rice and peanuts. This had been okayed in both houses and wasn't a conference topic. 2. A special 2 I 2-bilIion-dollar "set aside" of cotton, wheat, cottonseed and dairy products from the more chen six billion dollars' worth of surplus farm products now in government hands. This set-aside could be used for foreign or domestic relief, barter or similar Purposes that does not disrupt regular trade. 3. Elimination of a two-price was continued j system for wheat which the House ' See FARM on Page 10 MOONSHINE FOUND HERE — Following a fine levied against Ed Tramble, Negro, in Municipal Court here this morning for making and selling intoxicating beverages without a license, Police Chief John Foster and Officer Bertie Vastbinder disposed, of some of the moonshine found in Tramble's possession at his Sawyer Street home. An earlier plea of not guilty to the bootleg charge was changed to guilty in court today, and Tramble was fined $100 and costs. (Courier News Photo) Compromise A-Bill Returned to House WASHINGTON (AP) — A biU to revamp the nation's eight-year-old atomic energy law was before the House today for a possible final vote after the Senate had passed swiftly a fresh compromise resolving the key atomic patents issue. In a marked change of pace from its earlier handling of the atomic bill, the Senate last night accepted with hardly a flurry a new agreement worked out by a Senate-House conference committee in just a few hours. The roll call vote was 59-17. The Senate-passed compromise would continue government control of most atomic patents for the next five years. It also would open the way for private development of atomic patents after that time. Limited Exchange The bill—which cleaves to President Eisenhower's atomic program in most respects—would authorize limited exchange of atomic information with U.S. allies and would permit entry of private industry into the atomic field. The measure had loomed as a possible major obstacle to hopes for adjournment of Congress this w^ek. Up to last night, the snag on which the bill had stuck in the Senate had been the question of patents en civilian atomic developments. The first time the bill was considered bv the Senate last month, it took 13 cays of debate—including several round-the-clock sessions—to finish the job. Then late last week the Senate argued the merits of a proposed compromise—and sent I it back to conference as unacceptable. Licensing- Preference That first compromise would ihave given normal 17-year exclus- ! ive patent rights to private inter- {ests developing atomic devices and processes on their own. It also provided that firms agreeing to | share their patents on a fee basis for five years would get preference in licensing by the Atomic Energy Commission. The House approved this arrangement, but the Senate insisted on 10 years compulsory patent sharing said it was needed to prevent monopoly practices. Sen. Hickeniooper <.R-Iowa>. vice chairman of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee, told the Senate the compromise retains House and Senate provisions which previously had been viewed as conflicting, by providing compulsory See ATOMIC on Pagre 10 Bread Price Is Increased Cent a Loaf Grain Says He'd Take AHD Post LITTLE ROCK (SV-The price of bread apparently is going up in Arkansas. One Little Rock bakery said it will increase the price of its bread one cent a loaf, and T. E. Tyler of the Arkansas Grocers Association said yesterday other bakeries will also raise their prices. Tyler said increased production costs is the reason for highei prices per loaf ana he said the rise merely follows a trend already set in Tennessee, Kentucky and Missisip- pi.\ The makers of Wonder Bread— Continental Baiting Co.—said their bread is going up a penny today. Another Little Rock baking company. Meyer's Bakery, agreed yesterday that the price hike is justified. And they said they will do what the other bakeries do. Little Rock officials of the Colonial Baking Co. were unavailable for comment. Kroger and Safeway, two large grocery chains, said they plan no increase in the price of their label bread. Meyer's Bakery officials here confirmed this morning that the price of their bread went up one cent a loaf as of today. No one was available for comment at the Hart's Bakery distribution office here. Weather LITTLE ROCK UP}—Jim Grain of Wilson, East Arkansas plantation owner and an active campaigner for Orval Faubus in the gubernatorial campaign, said today that he would accept a position on the Arkansas Highway Commission if it is offered to him. In answer to a question, Crata said: "I know of no better way to serve your state and country than to take part in its operations. I also want to remind you that I was a member of the Highway Audit Commission and I also supported the Mack - B1 a c k w e 11 Amendment to take the highway deparwnent out of politic*" The amendment, passed after Gov. Francis Cherry took office, allows a governor to make only one appointment to the commission. The term of Dan Portis, Lepanto, expires in December. Faubus, who won the Democratic nomination for governor last Tuesday—according to the unofficial count, has said that he will support the present highway program "in letter and in spirit." However, Faubus attacked Portis during the heated runoff campaign, declaring that Portis had promised more highways than can be built in Eastern Arkansas for 10 years." Four of the five highway commission members, including Portis, have said that they do not intend to resign. The chairman, Raymond Orr of Fort Smith, is on vacation and could not be reached for comment. Portis has said that he will serve out his term. He refused to comment on whether he would be willing to serve another term if Faubus re-appointed him. Other members of the commission are Miss Willie Lawson, Little Rock; Glen Wallace, Nashville: and Cecil Lynch. Pine Bluff. Grain served on the commission while Sid McMath was governor. ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday with widely scattered thundershowers mostly in extreme north; not much change in temperature. MISSOURI—Partly cloudy south and mostly cloudy north through Wednesday with scattered showers and thunderstorms northeast and extreme north this afternoon and again late tonight and Wednesday; little temperature change. Minimum this morning—79. Maximum yesterday—10«. Sunrise tomorrow—5:32. Sunset today—6:46 Mean temperature (midway b*tw««m high and low)—92.5. Precipitation Jan. 1 to thlt d»t« — 26.62. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—103. Minimum this morning—70. Precipitation J»mi**f 1 • 34.55.

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