WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1349 America's 30-Year War Against Communism — Chameleon Quality Of Reds Prevents Fight to a Decision (Editor's Note: This is the third in a scries a! 12 stories bj 1 NBA Washington Correspondent, I'cter Edson on the Communist Party in the U, S., It's successes and setbacks, anil where me current attacks on it may lead.) By 1'eler Edson NKA Washington Correspondent The chameleon quality of American Communism is the pmicipaj reason for three decades of war against U without a decision. The party's policies veer with the* -- - _ s ' RI.YTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS .lical winds, indicated by Mos- wcather vanes, The leadership prospers and is purged, according to the Kremlin's whims. Today's Communist may be blatant about his status; tomorrow's may be underground, hidden from all but his colleagues and known only by the Infiltration he is able to manage. The basis for much of this is to be found in the party's first 10 years, from 1919 to 1929, when Moscow's captains ill the field followed their orders to hold aline, but waged bitter internecine strife. Between 1915—when tho American Communist Pnrty emerged i" Chicago with a membership of 60.000 (the Communist Labor Party . claimed 6000)—and 1922. operations uere entirely underground, in August 1922, Hie leadership was called to a secret meeting in a wood near St. Joseph, Mich. But the Depart- 'ment of Justice knew of the meeting and raided it. Seized were a barrel of party papers, supposed to have been burned but In the hands of U. S. agents before the order could be carried out. The party's furtiveness was then Intensified. Three m c n—Professor Walacki, polish intellectual; Joseph Pogany. a Hungarian, and Boris Remsiein, one-time Russian-Socialist of Buffalo—were sent by Moscow as the new high command. Shortly after their arrival, they were heartened by a more liberal sentiment. President Hardt pardoned Eugene V. Debs, the :ialist convicted of espionage. The Lusk committee ceased to exist In New York. The raids of Attorney General Palmer were repudiated. So, in 19i3, the Communists came out of their hole.';, renaming themselves the Workers' party. The membership was then in the neighborhood of 12.000, only 1000 English -speaking am3 ! or American-born. To such as William Z. Foster, who had been Indoctrinated on a 1921 trip to Moscow with Ella ("Motli- rr") Bloor. this offered rich ground for conquest. Foster had been successively a Bryan Democrat. Socialist, anarchist, Wobbly and AFL or- gatmer for Samuel Gompers in World War I. He played the foreign-born, led'by the Finnish "Federation, against the homebreds in the third Communist, convention, in Chicago, when the smoke lifted, the American faction—led by Jay Lovestone. Ben Gitlow, Charles E. Ruthcnbcrg and others—had been routed. Foster rode high, as head of the executive committee. He followed the Moscow line without deviation, listening respectfully to the "Reps" —the emissaries sent from the Kremlin to show the American Vjourgeoisie how proletariat rule ^£nild he set up. The first Foster-dictated effort to "bore from within" came in UK same year, when the Commies ported a federated Farmor-Laboi Party, An effort was marie to takr over the Progressives in the following year, but "Old Bob" Follctte was a smarter man they figured him. He disowned Communist who sought to suppotl him. forcing the leftists to so for themselves in the national' elections—Foster for President, Gillow for Vice President. The results did not seem auspicious to the public gcnerullv—fir Communists polled only 300000 votes against. 5.000.000 for the Progressives. But the party chiefs not unhappy. The vote had polled In H stales, a very respectable foot-in-the-door. At the party's 1925 conrcnliun the Riithenberg-Lovestone-C.illnw bloc pulled a fast. one. G. I. Gus was sent from Moscow via Mexi as the Kremlin "Rep" to the U.S and was sympathetically listening to the American faction's case before Foster knew he was here. G'l- sev persuaded Stalin to make Rutfi- enbcrg the boss and Foster found himself virtually on the sideline' Under Ruthenbcrg, the party began to develo a few national policies to place alongside the importer 1 and Max Bedacht submitted. Lovestone and seven others were expelled and Poster again became general secretory. Lovcstone and Gitlow tried to torni an American Comtnunlst 1'ur- ty free of Soviet dominutUm, but a bare one per cent followed them out of the old organization. IJy I 1935 the so-called right-wing was I dead, with Lovcstone and Gitlow beginning to Usle llic bitterness of disillusionment. I/ovcstone Is now an adviser to. the A.F. of L. garment workers union. Oitlow has made statements against Moscow . and this year was Illinois' chief I investigator in n lied inquiry. There, In digest. Is a story much more confusing In Us detail. It traces a political movement's first decade, In which what happened among the party chiefs was so involved with deception and Intrigue that the great mass of Ihe American people could not possibly know what It was It was supposed to be llshtlne. Tomorrow: The political growth ot U.S. Cummunlsru. Read Courier News Want Ads Beef Tasters Convene DAVIS, Calif. —('11— You would think tliat 20 experts all sluing around tasting roast beef would develop definite opinions on the subject. However, that many nt the of Agriculture recently PAGE THREE •**" - i -' i— .sampled rib roasts from three different kinds of cattle and said at thu end that It was a good dinner. Competing for taste and tenderness were rib roasts from Hereford, Brahma and Braford cattle. The last Is a crossbreed. established, to build up a stable if American propagandists. The Negro found organizers at his doorslev: the Army, Navy and National Guard were Infiltrated; young collegians loyal to this new were ordered to take militar Ing and study tactics. The Dailv Worker, founded in Chicago with an original investment from Soviet funds of S3S.OOO. was moved to New York, together with party headquarters, and several hundred thousand dollars put into office: and a printing plant. j That was in 1927. Suddenly Ruth cnbcrg died. Foster Immndlatcb moved to steal the leadership. In his book, "f Confess," Gitlow says the Foslerites faked a deathbed request by Huthcnbcrg that Lovc- stone be made titular head. Most of the leaders were summoned to Moscow, where Lovestone was made secretary. Foster was given equal status in order that he might be ready to assume control If Lovestone should be loath or careless about carrying out his orders. 'Flip liekrt for 19128 was Foster- Gitlow again. The showing was terrible. 48,000 votes. Moscow was not amused. 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