The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 16, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, August 16, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 123 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, AUGUST 16, 1954 TEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVI CENTS Ike Signs Vast President Says Program Will 'Benefit All Americans' By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower today signed into law the biggest tax revision program in history — what he called a "monumental" overhaul that will "benefit all Americans." The new law, Eisenhower said in a statement, will "help millions of Americans by giving them a fairer tax treatment." At the same time, he added, it "'will help our economy expand and thus add materially to the strength of our nation." The new law brings about tax reductions of $1,363,000,000 in the first year, and more later on, for millions of individuals and nearly 125,000 Attend World Church Council Opening Huge Throng Jams Soldiers Field In Massive Display By GEORGE CORNELL CHICAGO (i?) — Chanting voices, chiming bells and air-piercing trumpets roared above 125,000 persons in Soldier Field last night, a highlight of the first day of the Assembly of the World Council of Churches. In a spectacle packed with drama and reverence, figures huddled in a pool of light raised their arms high as the hymn of "Come, Lord Jesus, Come" surged forth. Many Creeds The outdoor service brought together believers of many creeds and customs in one of this country's greatest displays of Christian faith. The massive crowd, brought to Chicago by four special trains, 503 chartered buses and 9,300 automobiles from all over the nation, jammed the huge stadium and packed the entrances. The number inside before the service began was estimated by Park District Police Chief George A. Otlewis as "more than 125,000." At the same time, an announcer said 30,000 were outside, unable to get in. The stirring Festival of Faith came after the World Assembly opened with a morning worship service in suburban Evanstqn, with the 1,500 representatives from 161 denominations in 48 countries present. "We have learned how to study, to speak, to stand and to serve together," Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam of. Washington, one of five council presidents, said in a sermon. "We intend to stay together." The dramatic evening service depicted in music-and pageantry the creation of the earth and man, the rise of evil, the coming of Christ, his Resurrection and finally, the promise of a new world. It used a cast of 4,000. Huge Choir With the huge bowl of the field in darkness, a fanfare of trumpets sounded suddenly from a high parapet, and a spear of light fell on a man standing in the center of the field on a tall, gold-draped rostrum. "Oh, all ye works of the Lord," he intoned. And out of the darkness came the sound of a choir of hundreds, "Bless Ye the Lord." There were more praises and responses, then a 2,000-member choir sang out: "'Holy, holy, holy." Flood lights bathed the green field, and into the arena moved a slow procession of leaders of the worldwide aggregation of churches — old churches, new ones, Protestant, Orthodox, Old Catholic and ancient Eastern communions. "All hail the power of Jesus' name," sang the chorus. Then, for two hours, there unfolded, a tableau of stirring music, of dancers in costumes of gold, pink, blue, green lavender and red. In symbolic movements, under an ever-changing spectrum of lights, they traced the birth of life, its subjection to evil and the struggle against it toward redemption. all corporations. Billion Dollar Cuts In all, the initial year's tax cuts will total about $1,363,000,000. This will be increased later as the new program takes full effect. Ten members of Congress looked on as the President signed the bill. Eisenhower kept switching pens, using enough so that each of the Congress members could have one as a souvenir. Holding up the 929-page bill, the President grinned and remarked: "I must say that represents a long long bunch of work." Eisenhower said the bill is part of a comprehensive program which since last Jan. 1, "will have provided for tax cuts totaling $7,400,- 000,000the largest dollar tax cut in any year in the nation's history." Congratulates Congress "I congratulate the Congress and its leaders," Eisenhower said in hcs statement, "for having enacted this monumental tax revision." In a brief analysis, the President broke the bill down into benefits for individuals, those he said will help the economy, provisions for "much needed clarification" of the tax laws, and devices for closing more than 50 loopholes through which he said some taxpayers may have tried to avoid "their fair share .of the tax burden." As examples of fairer tax treatment for individuals, Eisenhower singled out these: Parents of dependent children can keep them as dependents regardless of how much the children earn. • Retired persons will get extra tax credits. Taxpayers now will be able to claim some non-relatives as 'dependents. Farmers will be allowed to deduct part of the cost of soil and water conservation. Deductions for medical expenses will be more liberal. Business Aided Deductions are provided for working widows and many other mothers for child care expenses. People getting sick benefits paid by employers need not pay any tax on this income, up to S100 a week. Provisions effecting business, the President said, will "help our peot ie produce better goods at cheaper prices." The tax law, he said, also will help create more jobs. Eisenhower has called tax revision the cornerstone of his entire domestic program. The measure makes no major changes in revenue rates but rewrites almost every tax law on the • books. Many Democrats contend the GOP tax program is slanted in favor of corporations and the wealthy. Republican leaders argued that the tax changes will remove many "shackles" from business expansion, encourage growth, create more and better jobs for workers, and give the whol^ economy boost. Four General Lines TOP FISHERMEN — Winners of the Negro Children's Fishing Rodeo held Saturday at Walker Park are shown above. Left to right, they are Nancy Jadsway and Arrnagine Golden, who tied for girl catching the biggest fish, and Esaw Kadge, top boy winner. Presenting the top prize of a rod and reel set is Willie Harvey, commander of the Wadford White American Legion . Post, which co-sponsored the rodeo along with the city. More than 500 youngsters who turned out caused a shortage of food for the event, even though 500 bottles of soft drinks and more than 40 pounds of meat had been provided. Bottlers donated the pop. Meyers Bakery the buns for hot dogs, with meat purchased by the city along with $20 of fishing poles for the event. (Courier News Photo) Shortcuts By Watkins Crops in This Area Fast Deteriorating Under an unrelenting sun and with another midsummer drouth in full sway, this area's crops are rapidly deteriorating to a point where both cotton and soybean yields face gravely serious reductions. porn fell under the hot sun i said. weeks ago. an early crop being j On practically wiped out. top of that, cotton is now ] shedding squares and small bolls bounty Agent Keith Bilbrey stat- and is showing signs of "cutting ed this morning that all crops have, out" completely, retrogressed as fast "as any I've This would mean a loss of some of the crop now in prospect and no more fruiting of the plant, point where rain would help more i "We're in worse shape than we ever seen. Cotton probably is beyond a than 20 per cent of the crop, he werj in 1952 (wnen rains came in mid-August) and there is some question as to whether the crop could recover in time to put on additional fruit right now," Mr. I Bilbrey stated, pointing out the situation has grown rapidly worse in the past three weeks. Soybeans present an even larger question mark. The Ogden variety, most popular in this area, usually starts setting its pods on or around Aug. 7 in this locale. Late Rain Effect Unknown Thus far, thereh as been little or no setting of pods by the beans, j Mr. Bilbrey reported. Whether rains coming this late would have Inside Today's Courier News . . . Brooklyn Nearer Top, But So Are Hot Braves . . . Toski Won't Forget Weird Finish . . . Sports . . . paffes 6 and 7 ... . . .News of Men in the Service . . . page 3 ... ., . Fighting Back . . . Editorials . . . pa^e 4 ... . . . Half Sprite. Half Woman: First of a Series of Five Articles on Controversial Academy Award Winner, Audrey Hepburn . . . pajre S . . . The measure, nearly 1,000 pages in length and marking the first major tax revision since 1875. calls for changes along four general lines : 1. It eliminates what its sponsors call harsh inequities on many individuals with special needs or problems. These privisions include new or bigger tax deductions for medical expenses, retired persons, See TAXES on Page 10 DemoState Convention Dates Set LITTLE ROCK UP)—Orval Faubus of Huntsville. the Democratic nominee for governor on the basis of unofficial election leturns, has set Sept. 23-24 as'the dates for the state Democratic convention. After choosing the date Saturday, the governor-nominee and his family went to their home at Huntsville. After formally bowing out as postmaster there, Faubus and his family are going on a vacation. Faubus, who broke Arkansas tradition by turning back Gov. Francis Cherry's bid for a second term nomination, said he felt the certified returns would assure his election. • i Leachville vicinity have received | . The nominee said he would open i some moisture and boast healthier! a pre-inauguration office in Little j crops. j Rock about Sept. 1. j These _ al with farms naving j I shall seek within the next few irrig a ted cotton? have rep orted months to have personal contact !bollworm damage< the gree ner, with members of the legislature j more tender cotton bei especial . uritn inrOT-QcrTGri m-miT^c- rtn/-i Tirii-V\ . _. ° ^ Seeks Report On McCarthy By October 1 By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Watkins (R-Utah) said today his special six-member committee will "take every possible shortcut" toward a report on censure charges against Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) so the Senate can vote on the issue before the November election. But Senators Knowland (R-Calif ) and George (D-Ga) agreed that urJess findings are ready for Senate action by the first* week in October it may be impossible *to get senators to interrupt re-election campaigns to return to Washington. Watkins. who heads the bipartisan committee studying 46 accusa- lons that McCarthy has not conducted himself as a senator should. said in an intview he hopes the group "can have a report ready by Oct. 1." No Time Limit "I am reasonably sure that we can d.o it," he said, "but I don't want to set any time limit because our progress will depend on the amount of cooperation we receive." Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo), the committee's vice chairman, predicted a report before Oct. 1. The Senate Democratic leadership, he said on a CBS television program last night, "wants a vote" on the censure issue. Watkins said much testimony may be eliminated by accepting Senate documents produced in past investigations and by permitting McCarthy to make an explanation that he cares to give. He said the against McCarthy will be asked to testify only about matters of personal knowledge in support of their charges. The three senators are Flanders (R-Vt), Fulbright (D-Ark) and Morse (Ind-Ore). Their charges, a number of which overlap, range House Leaders to Push NewBilltoOutlawReds MMMM, THAT'S GOOD — With evident relish,. President Eisenhower takes a forkful" of food while Mamie licks her lips after biting into ice cream on a stick at the President's mountain vacation retreat at Camp David, Md. The President met with members of his cabinet at a buffet luncheon and outdoor meeting. (AP Wirephoto) Quick Action Seen On Stalled A-Bill WASHINGTON (AP) — Congressional leaders indicated today that they may pry the atomic energy bill out of the congressional log-jam the next day or so. Administration Approval Given Plan Speaker Martin (R-Mass) said after a legislative conference at the White House he would appoint House conferec3 to meet with .hose of the Senate immediately. Chairman Ferguson (R-Mich) of the Senate Republican Policy Committee, said that would mean the conferees might be able to work WASHINGTON (AP) — Congressional leaders agreed today to try to push through Congress a new bill to outlaw the .Communist party as sueh. In a session with President Eisenhower, the decision was to get the House to pass a measure declaring the Communist party is unlawful and without any rights- It would not make membership in the party by individuals unlawful. But Speaker Martin {R-Mass) and Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) said the government already- can go after ^ individual Communists, and is doing so, under the Smith Act, which makes it illegal to conspire to overthrow the government. The new approach is intended to supplant a bill that whipped through the Senate last week which would make it a crime to belong to the Communist party provided a person committed an overt act while a party member. Party Question Ferguson explained the plan agreed upon today approaches the question from the standpoint of the Communist party as such, rather than individual members. Martin and Ferguson, the latter chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee, said the new- plan is acceptable to the administration. They said Atty. Gen. Brownell sat in on the White House discussions this morning. The administration had been dissatisfied with the bill passed by the Senate. Without a dissenting vote, the | Senate passed a bill providing stiff Rep. W. Sterling Cole (R-NY) I fines ai *d jail terms for anyone period of compulsory patent sharing. It threw out Friday, 48-41, a compromise without that provision that had been worked out in conference with the House. from accusations about McCarthy's j out a compromise late today so financial affairs to contentions J t h at the Senate could vote on it that he has ridiculed other sena- j tomorrow. The Senate already has tors and oublic officials. McCarthy demanded yesterday that Flanders return from Europe, where he has gone for a three- week vacation, to repeat under oath the 33 charges Flanders made against the Wisconsin senator. Flanders, in London, said he would return at once if asked by Watkins — not McCarthy. Vacation "Cleared" Flanders said he had "cleared" a pronounced effect on soybeans i his vacation with Watkins, who is not known. That they must have some moisture to make beans is a surety, Mr. Bilbrey does not know the history of the plant's behavior where water has been withheld from it this long. To make matters worse, some farmers with pretty good cotton have been hit by the bollworm, though this problem is minor in comparison with the drouth. Areas of Southeast Missouri and generally north of the Manila-1 rejected an earlier conference compromise. Acceptable Version Seen Ferguson said he anticipated the conferees could come up with a version that would be acceptable to Senate Democrats who voted down the original compromise. House negotiators, h o w e v e r, seemed determined not to yield on the issue. Confuct centered on whether "did not require my presence dur- (private firms should be allowed ing the period of this short ,! sole Patent rights on civilian nu- holiday." Told that Flanders promised to return to testify whenever the committee wanted, McCarthy said he knows Flanders "won't do it." See MCCARTHY on Page 10 Sen. Morse To Help Dems Get Majority clear power developments, as is permitted under normal patent laws. The Senate called for a 10-year told a reporter he believes most House conferees will continue fighting the Senate proposal. And, in apparent answer to Senate criticism, he said he had acted onlv holding membership in the Communist party and actively carrying out its purposes. On Saturday officials close to the President described him as as representative of a House ma- opposing the Senate measure oa jority in insisting on exclusive pa- J grounds it would make ''propa- tent rights. He said his position would be determined by the majority stand, "as it always is." One "Stubborn Man" Democrats charged on the Senate floor last week that one "stubborn man" — referring to Cole — was blocking agreement on the measure putting private industry into atomic energy. The version tossed out by the Senate clusive would have allowed ex- patent rights to private Move to 'Draft' Gov. Cherry Is Started with interested groups ana with ly appealing to the insect . all citizens to obtain advice and \ p armQr c LITTLE ROCK (J) — A move to "draft" Gov. Francis Cherry to run for governor as an independent ! in the November general election WASHINGTON (^ — Sen. Wayne i has been started in Little Rock. ! Morse of Oregon, the Senate's only! The two Little Rock residents! in i-his in this Independent, said today he will i vote with the Democrats next Jan- firms in the atomic energy field for 17 years, renewable for the same length of time, provided the patents did not cover developments made under government auspices. It would also have directed the Atomic Energy Commission to give, preference in granting atomic equipment licenses to companies agreeing to share patent rights for the first five years. Senate Democrats charged — and administration supporters denied —that this did not adequately safeguard the future atomic power industry from becoming a private monopoly. During first compromise negoti- ganda martyrs" of the Reds, and reporters were told he planned to ask the House to kill it. Objections Met To meet the administration's abjections. House leaders and Justice Department officials hurriedly drafted a new bill which would strip the Communist party of its legal status, but which omitted the Senate provisions aimed at punishing individual party members. Although Atty. Gen. Brownell ai'd FBI director J. Edgar Hoover have opposed any ban on the Communist party, saying it would only drive the party underground, the H^use draft was reported to have been accepted reluctantly in preference to the Senate bill. Senate Republican leader Know!and of California told the Senate Saturday night he would be "very disappointed if there were returned to the Senate legislation that does no 1 , contain a provision outlawing the Communist party." Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn), author of the provision which swept the Senate, said he would not stand for efforts to "scuttle" it. In passing the bill, the Senate qp rnnn n -s , recommendations on legislative I -, se coon is in is uary for partv control of the recornmenaauons o n le-.isiairve Conai t 10 n (still green) would do „*,» program," he said. we? 1 to check their crop period- are behind the move declined j ations, four of the five House con- j ticked to it an administration- If the fall elections return a to be identified by name. Cherry, who was defeated on the basis of unofficial returns bv Orval Princess Anne Is Four ically for the bollworm, Mr. Bil- Cl oselv3ivided Senate in the new i Paubus in lhe Democratic Primary hr^v t^morf , cioseiy divided benate in me new , t w k declined to commen r BALLATER, Scotland ain's Princess Anne celebrated her] fourth birthday yesterday. brey warned. Mr. Bilbrey ended his crop report on this gloomy note: "We're fast running out of time Congress, Morse's vote could be | the difference between Democratic and Republican control — and whether Democrats take over the , , - v ¥ AAV^ ^**^,J. A^/ WAliW^A 0, l«O bCLA.^, V^ V *„ i. UiJV,, j when rain can be of any help. It high]y important committee chair- ! TXfAIlm HoTrx iri tVm rr\-»v«-i*+Vi ^f f^-i-iit " . . r There was a small tea party for | would help in the growth of her at nearby Balmoral Castle, ] now on the cotton and would tend where the royal family is vacation- | to prevent premature opening of mansnips. last week, declined to comment. The governor said he would make a statement when the vote is certified this week. ferees voted with Cole on the patent issue. They were joined eventually by three Republican senators. Cole says he is opposed to any form of compulsory patent-sharing calling it unconstitutional and contrary to American free enterprise. backed measure which would deny Communist-dominated labor un- 'cns or other organizations rights urmder the Taft-Hartley law. Shelved in House A similar bill was shelved by the House Judiciary Committee, along ing. bo!ls > however." parly during the pres idential campaign in 1952 and became an Independent. But twice during the 83rd Congress, with the political balance favoring the Democrats, Morse stuck with the GOP on the questions of Senate organization. Republicans now outnumber Democrats 48 to 47 — with Morse Farmers Union Head Claims GOP Favoring 'Big' Farmers LITTLE ROCK (<Pi — The president of the Arkansas Farmers Union today claimed that the Eisenhower administration is favoring farmers with large holdings. J. Albert Hopkins of Little Rock, speaking at the opening session of the 49th annual convention said that the nation's financial wizards are influencing the present admin- 37 Republicans. Had Morse decid-! istTrT ^ tl °"; ed to vote with the Democrats,! mer the death of Senator Taft of! Ohio, and his replacement with a j Democrat, Senator Burke, shifted; He said wealthy bloc be- lieves m a "welfare-type program" they would have had a two-vote margin. Actually, Senate Demo-, cratic leaders were not eager toj " We face a terrific fight," for smaller farmers. and no more. "Price supports, unlimited as to amounts of individual production which will be supported, are encouraging a movement toward big farms in America ... " He said that farms of 1,000 acres or more have increased 30 per cent since 1920 and one out of every six farms has disappeared. He declared that 3.5 per cent of the nation's farms get one-fourth jwirh a companion measure which j wr.uld have given the government j the right to bar suspected subversives from defense plants. Instead, the committee reported out a bill creating a commission of business and labor leaders, members of Congress and others to re- v.ew the whole problem of com- rrunism in labor and industry and renort back to Congress with suggestions for legislation. House Republican leader Halleck See REDS on Page 10 of the gross income; the top 13.5 per cent get one-half; and the other he (83 per cent share the remainder, take over the job and never have' said - "This powerful and wealthy | Hopkins claimed that the bottom pressed for it. bloc believes, and has so stated, (half of the nation's farmers are CONVICTED COMMUNISTS — Nine defendants who were found guilty.of conspiracy to teach and advocate the overthrow of the U. S. government by force and violence pose in an antt room of the U. 8. District Court at Phila- delphia. All are Phlladelphians. Left to right: seated: Benjamin Weiss, Samuel Gobeloff, Walter Lowenfels and Joseph Kuzma. Standing Robert Klonsky. Sherman Labowitz. Irviri Katz. Drwid David and Thomac Nabried. (AP Wirephoto) i that farm programs should be gear- i ed to the upper one-half or one- third of the farmers who produce the bulk of food and fiber going into commercial channels and that A plea of not guilty was entered j welfare-type programs be used to Unlicensed Liquor Sale Case Is Continued in Municipal Court here this morning by Ed Tramble. charged with selling intoxicating beverages with deal with the smaller farmers, including restraining for other pursuits." a license, and the case was contin-! The 30,000-member AFU recent- ued. J ly lost its congressional battle for Mrs. Judge Criner forfeited bond a continuation of fixed parity payments as opposed to the sliding scale asked by President Eisenhower. ing*a motor vehicle without a driv-; Hopkins said that "price super's license or vehicle license, and : oorts should be limited to what it Corli.s Atkins torfeited $10 on a; takes to give the individual farm- of $30.75 on a charge of overdraft- ing, Charles Lee Pagett forfeited $19.75 bond on charges of operat- tpeedmg charg*. •r and his family a decent living, grossing less that $2,000 each per year. "Unless the trend is changed," he said, "Farm ownership will consist of stock certificates in a super- Weather ARKANSAS — Clea: to partly, cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. Widely scattered thundershowers extreme north portion on Tuesday, not much change in temperature. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday; scattered thundershowers northwest and extreme north this after- land operation handled by corpor- l noo ° and T sl and north tonight: _._ _/_ . „ J ._,.;.... uurninc cooler north tonight- cool- ate personnel from the president down to the third assistant sod- buster. Then the farm will have literally lost its soul". Homer Duffey of Olahoma City, president of the Olahoma Farmers, addressed the convention at noon. James G. Patton, Denver, Colo., president of the National Farmers Union, is scheduled to speak at 6:30 tonight. The convention will end tomorrow afternoon. turning cooler north tonight; cooler north and central Tuesday. Minimum yesterday— 74. Maximum Saturday— 103. Minimum tills morning — 78. Maximum yesterday— 101. Sunrise tomorrow — 3:23. Sunset •^day — 8:47. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)— »1J. Precipitation Jan. 1 M ;hi« date — This Date I^ut Yett Mxtmum yesterday — 100. Minimum this moi^nlng— • 19, Precipitation Jaautry 1 «

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