The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 21, 1968 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, May 21, 1968
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Page 7
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f!yfc»vin« (Ark.) Courier N»wp ir Tuei<«y, Miy ?1, JW8 •>• Pip ftvtf The Why of the French Student-Worker Crisis By DAVID MASON Associated Press Writer PARIS (AP) - Here in question and answer form is an explanation of the French student-worker crisis, a period of turmoil Parisians are calling "The Days in May." Q. When and how did it alt Start? A. Student agitation on a small scale has been common in France since World War II. In recent years complaints have centered on jammed lecture rooms and lack of teachers. Last November, sociology students in the.suburban Nanterre branch of the University of Paris struck for 10 days; protesting the slowness of promised reforms in teaching. They also complained that they were-not being prepared for careers in the modern world and called for teacher-student committees to modernize education. Nahterre classes were suspended for two days in March, and on May 2 they were suspended again, the dean complaining that "certain groups of students were trying to create a climate of insecurity." On May 3, rioting broke out in' Paris' Latin Quarter, with students taking part from Nanterre and the Sorbbnne, the main university branch on the Left Bank. Disturbariees.contin- ued almost every night, arid on May 5 five rioters were jailed. . This fired up the students, and police swarmed into the Latin Quarter, throwing tear gas and swinging their, clubs. The Sorbonne was closed, ... Q. What did the'students do then? ; " ' ,.-• -'•••'••* * . *•' A. Their. long-range 'demands foreducatiorial reform were replaced by these immediate ones: Reopening of classes at Nanterre and the Sorbonne, withdrawal of police from the Latin Quarter, and freeing of jailed students and lifting of disciplinary action against others. Q. At what point did things become really serious? A. The night of May 10-11. Students built barricades in the streets, burned cars and tossed Molotov cocktails. The police retaliated with tear gas and con- cussipn grenades. The toll: 367 persons injured, 468 arrests. Q. What happened next?-A. Premier Georges Pompidou returned from a visit to Afghanistan May 11, promised to reopen the Sorbonne May 13, said the jailed students would be freed and promised renovation of the university system. He also called off the police. Q. Was this enough to calm the students? A. It made them more militant than ever, and the major unions called a one-day general strike for May 13 to protest police action against the strikers. During the strike several hundred thousand students and workers marched through the heart of Paris on on* of the biggest parades in memory. The students and unions formed an uneasy alliance. Students occupied the Sorbonne and one of the state theaters,.: the Odeon, and set up a round-the-clock debating forum. The red flag of communism and the black banner of anarchy were flown. Q. What was the government's response? A. President Charles de Gaulle was on an official visit to Romania. Premier Pompidou told the National Assembly "our civilization.. .is at stake." He. issued a communique saying the turbulent students would not "plunge the country into disorder." Then he went on the radio and television and promised that-"all the legitimate demands" of the students would be met. He also hinted at steps to restore order, but none was taken. Q. What were the unions and workers doing? A. A grassroots strike movement began, with leaders saying that they had learned from the student disorders that only sharp, unlimited action would bring satisfaction for their demands for higher pay and other benefits. Union leaders began to cool toward the students since they had no control over them. The students continued to woo the workers and passed the hat for the strikers. The character of the "Days in May" now changed. The student turmoil stabilized, with sit-ins at most universities, nonstop debating in the Odeon and refusal to take examinations. But the labor strikes spread; about 6 million of France's 16 million were out Monday, and the strike wave was still spreading. * * * Q. What do the workers, want? A.What they have been wanting for years—more money, shorter working hours, job secu- their demands rity. Q. Haven't been met? * * * A. The government, which runs such major sectors of French industry such as rail and air transport, communications and the like, has been granting regular raises of a few per cent a year. Private industry has also come through. But the workers have never been satisfied and have frequently struck for one or two days to push their demands. The government has been able until now to keep the lid on. Recently, however, unemployment began to increase, reaching upwards of half a million. Job security became a big issue. Adaptation to, the competition created by the Common Market means the end of marginal industries and more mechanized factories, with fewer workers. Q. What steps are the politicians taking? A. The Leftist Federation lei) by Francois Mitterrand and the Communist party smell blood. They introduced a censure mo- lion in the National Assembly, and the vote will come Wednesday night or early Thursday. Small cracks are appearing in the Gaullist bloc, which is two seats short of a majority in Parliament but has squeaked through on previous censure votes because Centrists went along with the government. This time it may be different. Q. Is De Gaulle himself in danger? * * ..,* A. If the censure motion passes, only Pompidou and his cabinet will be out. De Gaulle is serving a seven-year term, which ends in 1972. Q. What will De Gaulle do if Pompidou's government is thrown out? A. He will address the nation on Friday and until then it's anyone's guess. -; o- v it I " h d liiaaMuaEP^aasr^- ^^x^'^na^sma-K-i^^, /.. .„ -. ,^-.i,u-...-— ,„. • • • VIEW FROM THE TOP of the Tower of Americas offers a breath-taking panorama of the HemisFaJr in San Antonio, Tex. Tower is theme structure for the exposition. ^^ Trial by Jury in All But 'Petty Cases Supreme Court Sets Precedent By BARRY SCHWEID WASHINGTON (AP) - Defendants in all but "petty" criminal cases are entitled to the chance to be tried by juries, a precedent-shattering Supreme Court has ruled. "Trial by jury in criminal cases is fundamental to the American scheme of justice," Justice Byron R. -White said in the 7-2 decision Monday, The ruling, one of several expanding the rights of criminal defendants, made .the jury trial, guarantee of the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution binding on the states. At the same time, again by a 7-2 vote, the court erased the distinction between criminal contempt and other crimes and put "serious" contempt cases . under the jury-trial rule. The justices were not explicit in drawing a line between what it considered "serious" and what it considered "petty" cases. However, crimes carrying a two-year sentence were put in the "serious" category and those of six-months were viewed as "petty," meaning bench trials are still permissible. The dissenters, Justices John M. Harlan and Potter Stewart, objected to use' of the 14th Amendment's due p r o c e ss clause to promote uniformity among the states. "Quite .without reason," they said, "the court has chosen to impose upon every state one means of trying criminal cases; it.is a good means, but it is not the only fair means, and it is not demonstrably better than the alternatives states might devise." In two other, decisions, meanwhile, the court junked longstanding decisions. It said a man cannot be tried fairly if the jury hears a codefendant's confession incriminating him. And it said prisoners do not have to complete their sentences before testing additional sentences that await them. The expansion of rights and the break with the past appeared particularly dramatic because the Senate takes up today legislation to curb the court that is rooted, essentially, in just such actions. Along with the criminal law decisions, the court opened shopping centers to mass picketing, gave illegitimate children equal treatment under the law and set the stage for consideration next fall of the speeded induction of Vietnam war protesters. Suburban shopping centers, the court ruled 6 to 3, cannot be declared off-limjts to peaceful pickets "wishing to exercise their First Amendment rights." There were 12,490 business failures in the country during 1967, the lowest total in more than a decade. PROFESSIONAL RUG CLEANERS CALL PO 2-2433 PEERLESS Free Pickup ...... And Delivery MINIATURE G 0 F NOW OPEN AT WALKER PARK Hours: Weekdays 1 toll Sat. 2 to 10 Sun. 2 to 6 •i^HBBi > MBMMMBi 'Like Summer in the Cotton Fields..! A Day in Resurrection City By AUSTIN SCOTT Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - By noon the sun's rays beat down so fiercely upon "Resurrection City, U.S.A." that several migrants from the South compared it with summer in the cotton fields back home. All morning children's bare feet and the shoes of hundreds of new arrivals scuffed up little; clouds of yellow dust along the dirt trails that are the city's sidewalks. Tourists strolling under shady maples and elms between the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial stared curiously at the plywood huts. They housed one of the most varied communities many of the visitors would ever see. There were heavy-set, older folks from the vitamin-short, starch and fat diet of the Deep South's poor. And there were lean, cockily confident Negro teen-agers from big-city slums? most hard at work building shelters. Tight, sleeveless T-shirts worn by these youths identified them as: . "Milwaukee Youth Council Commandoe s." "Invaders, Memphis." The "Black stone Rangers" and "Peacemakers" of Chicago's South and West sides, and a Philadelphia group whose lettering simply located their neighborhood, "25th and Diamond." White volunteers sweated next to them, young men with blond mustaches and girls in shorts and .sandals. And the young Negroes greeted black and white volunteers alike with clenched right fists raised, and the slogan, "Black power, brother!" . Putting the shelters together was a job for the young. Older persons lounged -in whatever shade they could find. "We're enjoying ourselves," said a Negro woman from Chicago who refused to give her name. "1 never lived in a decent house in my life, and I've worked all my life." One hut had its plastic door flaps closed. Sun pouring through the translucent plastic raised the temperature to a humid 100-degrees-plus inside, where Minnie Lee Hills of Marks, Miss., sat quietly folding clothes. She vowed never to return to Mississippi. "I'm afraid to go back there to live," she said. "They might be mad at me for coming here." Twenty dusty steps away, in the two-pole circus tent that can hold 500 people for meals or mass rallies, Lila Mae Brooks of Sunflower County, Miss., talked of people who have become discouraged. "Some has said they were going back home, and after we talked to 'em they said they wasn't," Mrs. Brooks said. "I told them they was having three meals a day, which they wasn't getting in Mississippi. Some children get to go swimming and have toys." The shower and laundry Crime Not Cut INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. (AP) Indiana Secretary of State Edgar D. Whitcomb, a Republican candidate for governor, spoke about cutting crime in the streets during a talk to Indiana Associated Press managing editors. When he returned to his car, he found a $125 camera had been stolen. Not Young Lady GAINESVILLE, Fla. (AP) A long-haired member of the audience stood to attract the attention of New York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller at a question-and-answer session Monday at the University Of Florida. "That young lady over there," Rockefeller said. The crowd looked and roared. "I'm sorry. Let's start this over. That young gentleman over there," Rockefeller said. If you hare Designs on future Improvements, count us in your plans. It's a constructive partnership whereby you furnish tfc« ideas and we provide th« financing. At Blytheville Federal wo have the right long-term, low-cost Horn* Loan to suit you and your needs. Stop by and make * partnership with us whether you're buying, building or remodeling. 200 N. Second St. rooms that the Southern Christian Leadership Conference planned have not been finished, so Mrs. Hills and Mrs. Brooks, like the other 1,500 residents, use buckets or pails for bathing and laundry. "We made out at home with a bucket or pan, so it ain't no trouble here," said Mrs. Brooks. "A few of us had commodes, but the waste runs right out there in the ditches. Since the summer mine has been running in the ditch right outside my door. At least we don't have no roaches and bugs up here, crawling all over the food." • A volunteer on a truck that comes in every day from the Seventh Day Adventist Church said her group has given out 13,000 pieces of donated clothing to date. The Seventh Day Adventists also supplied the medical bus that treats about 30 routine cases a day. Food has been plentiful at 'Resurrection City," even though lines for it are long. Corned beef hash, greens, mashed potatoes, gravy, bread, canned peaches and milk, coffee or soda pop made up this day'i dinner menu. It is served by white volunteers recruited by the area'i churches. "I don't mind the mess," said a man as he stepped over pooled water on the kitchen tent's plywood floor. "We're to-- gether, that's what counts." HERMON C. JONES Bnrtnen Men'i Unnne* Co. SSS So. Perkins Extended Suite 404 Ph. 681-9641 Ueupnli, Xenneisn lusuranc for Utlte Plannlnf Key Man - Partnerinlp - Corporation - Group Fe&ilon - Be tlrement - Ralph Ratton FOR CONGRESS First Congressional Dust. (Pel. AS. W. lor by AM. Craw, Chm. Citizens for Ratton Com- mlttse.) BURL'S BEAUTY SALON Specializing in the Latest Hair Fashion and Colors Announces Two New Operators! Patsy Fox and Lee Byrd Bryant (Formerly of Memphis) Open Evenings by Appointment PO 3-3356 Want Good Machine Work Want Good Engineering Want Honest Advice COME T0~ Manufacturing and Machine Works 32S South Broadway PO 24911 SEED BEANS • REGISTERED DAVIS • CERTIFIED DAVIS • REGISTERED HILL • REGISTERED LEE BLYTHEVILLE SEED CO. PHONEPO 3-6156 or P03-S137

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