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The Choctaw Herald from Butler, Alabama • 3

Location:
Butler, Alabama
Issue Date:
Page:
3
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

Choctaw Herali) FARMER and PLANTER productiveness of sells already in good, or even in fair RATES OF ADVERTISING! IMOLI COLUMN. not eat cake, hot IN THE ELECTRICAL WORLD. In Germany the electric trollej seems have a rival in the gas motor. The self-winding electric clock is one of the inventions of valne that seems never to have been appreciated. The Electrical Review believes that every household would welcome this kind of a time-keeper.

They are reliable, or certainly can be made so. Telephonic communication has lately been established between flagships and the shore in Great' Britain in several instances. Tho connection is 1 bpaos. 1 mo. a mo88 mos.

yam OnTTnch aol Two inches 00 5 00 7 00 12 00 Three Inches 400 too MOO is oo Fourlnchea "6 00-10 00 10 00 2000 Fix Inches 7 00 12 00 17 60 BS 00 frail column 10 00 20 00 4000 woo onecolumn I 16 00 40 00 60 00 to 00 DOUBLE COLUMN. space. 1 mo. 8 mos mos. II yeu One Inch.

2 no 5 00 50 10 00 Two 4 00 7 60 10 00 15 00 Three inchei 1... 00 too 12 00 2000 Four Inches 00 12 50 17 50 25 00 wxlnches 12 50 16 00 25 00 40 00 Half 15 00 20 00 00 00 00 Onecolumn 20 00 00 00 100 00 160 00 GREEN MANURING. Method. provtn, the Fertility of the So Green manuring, 4 plowing under green crops raised for that purpose, is the fertility of the soil. It adv cated by Roman writers more than two thousand years ago, and from that time nn.il now it has formed a most important resource of the farmer, especially where the supply of barnyard manure is insufficient.

Its advantages are many. The most striking are that tt furnishes the surface soil with a supply of the fertilizing materials needed by crops, increasing the humus, and improves the physical qualities and the tilth of the soil. As a humus-former green manuring stands next to barnyard manure. By means of green manuring, land which is practically barren may be brought np to a state of fertility where It will produce profitable crops. As a single instance of this may be men-t-ioned the experiments carried on by the Michigan AvnApitnattt tninH the Jack-pine plains" of that state.

1000 experiments were undertaken on the liirht sandv. tlmnct vuaavu, nuiw or these plains. Green manures were usea mainly, supplemented by aheap fertilisers. In three provement was evident, not only in the physical character of the soil, but also ine increased yields of various crops. trreen mnnm.ina mutt Iva to take the place of more expensive fer tilizers ana manures on sous already under cultivation.

It. in filial lnttA use that it finds its widest application. mere nas Deen much speculation as to the manner in which the crops commonly used for irreen mn.Tiiirina.nnnlH gather such large quantities of fertiliz ing materials, it will be remembered that the nrincinnl fort.llizlnir tmruii. ents required by plants are nitrogen, pnospnoric acid and potash. These are each and all more or less essential to the healthy growth of crops.

they are applied to the soil in one form of commercial fertilizers and other manures. In attempting to explain how the fertility of the soil is maintained by green manuring it. AS beet! KH.iit flint, nlnnta mitt. long roots, like clovers, feed deep down in me boh or sudsou on materials beyond the reach of the surface-feeding plants; and that when the tops of these plants die down and are mixed with the surface soil they enrich it much the same as an application of barnyard manure. This is undoubtedly true, but it fails to explain how such large Quantities of materials torn bn ob tained, especially when clover is grown continuously ior a number 01 years.

The question has finally been solved by one of the most interesting and important discoveries yet made in agricultural science. It has been found that certain plants can feed upon the nitrogen in the atmosphere and store it up in ineir tissues as tney grow, rney take their nhnsnbnHn Aid And nntn.li from the soil, but they obtain their nitrogen very largely from the air. Hence they draw from the air a material necessary to the growth of crops, which in the form of commercial fertilizers, as nitrate of soda, ammonium sulphate, dried blood, is paid for at the rate of from fifteen to twenty cents a pound. U. S.

Department of Agriculture Bulletin. ou th. ho an iii. Among the Vd pastry because jund that by rais-Baking Powder If them with per-. der is composed am of tartar and and is an actual ia.

WALL NEW-VORK. The Horrors indigestion, when it takes a long lease of istomacn, are unsurpassed oy any oo-Ibed by the most sensational writer of 1st stories. Unlike this latter kind, they real and not imaginary. Heartburn, Id on the stomach, heart palpitation, ex-me nervousness are only a few of them, possess this unwelcome tcnantwith Hosier's Stomach Bitters, which banishes I malaria, constipation and biliousness. IsACnEB "You are the laziest boy I ever How do vou expect to earn a living ra you grow up!" Lazy Boy (yawning) punno.

uuess in teacn scnooi." specific for local skin troubles equals pn's Sulphur Soap. ill's Hair ana vv bisker Dye, su cents. vacuum is an air-rid space. Rural New ker. McELREES' INE OF CARDUI.I I Foi Female Diseases.

Iely's CREAM BALM cures PRICE 50 CENTS, ALL DRUGGISTS Fn u.re.,.i. imi. r. o. nil, miin, 1-IfAMlTHlS PAPnamytimswnttb tf! Iilft 111 Consumpttvea and people who have weak lungs or Astb ma, should use Piso'sCarelor Consumption.

It fca thonaaadne It lifts not injur ert one. It Is not bad to take. ltistua neat cougn ay-rap. Bold sSTerywhero. 5e.

tlwawiMLUMiaai A. N. F. 1503 WHEN WRITING TO PLEaaB ataU thai 70a aaw thm AdTerilscaiaat la tkia rape Its Work So Well. ww BILL ARPS LETTER Ha Wants to Know Who Patented the Cotton Gin.

Was It Ely Whitney's Inventlonr-Or Was It a Women's Mind That Solved the Problem? Arp Get a Letter on the Subject. Now that the Young Men's Library Association of Atlanta have organized historical department to search out and preserve the history of Georgia, let me commend to thein the history of the cotton gin. If Eli Whitney was a pirate who robbed and defrauded the true inventot, then let it be known and chronicled. It seems to be well established that he brought sixty suits in Georgia for violation of his patent, and that he recovered In only one of them; that the neighbors broke into his workshop and destroyed his model, ami that he moved back to Connecticut and made a new one; that the State of Georgia refused to honor his claim as the inventor and never gave him a dollar. There was some reason for this.

Our people are not slow to reward merit, and would give honor to whom honor is due. Please publish the fotlowiag letter and let the committee on Georgia history in-vesligate. The invention of the cotton gin is a bigger thing in the world's progress than the invention of the spinning jenny by Arkwrlght. The writer of this letter is too well known and too highly related to lie ignored or treated with Our Georgia inventors and discoverers have been most shamefully treated by Northern pirates, who, for a century, have been on the watch for every, thing that would put a dollar in their pockets. Our people have never locked up anything or concealed it, and hence these spies who hang around the.

patent office aud understand all its mysterious machinery have been able to Btep in and get the advantage of our inventions. It is said that Rev. F. It. Goulding, tho author of "Young Marooners," was really Ihe inventor of the sewing machine.

It is very certain that William Longstreet, the father of A. B. Longstreet, of Georgia fame, was the inventor of propelling boats by steam. The State records show that on September 20, 1700, he addressed a letter to Gov. Telfair, asking his assistance, and that of the Legislature in raising funds to construct a boat to be propelled by steam.

This was three years before Fulton wrote his letter to the Karl of Stanhope announcing his discovery. AS Longstreet failed to obtain public aid, he had to wait until be secured private aid, and he did at last build and propel a boat on the Savannah river that moved against the current afJMlic rate of fiva mites an hour. But Fulton beat him to the patent office and got alt the bpnor. LongKtreet also invented the breast roller of the cotton gin that entrely superseded the old method. Then there was I)r.

Crawford W. Long, of Jefferson. who in December, 1844, demonstrated the great principle of anesthesia and actually used it in his practice for two years before ever Morton and son and Wells pretended to discover it; but those men slipped down to Washington, as nsual, and made a great to-do over it and put in for large rewards. They quarreled among themselves as to wh was the discoverer, notwithstanding they were dentists in partnership. Jackson got ahead some way.

and Morton was ignored by the people of Boston and his business was ruined ruined becanse he tried to steal 'from Jackson what Juolson had stolen from Long. I remember well when Morton's lethean, as it was called, wns first introduced in Athens, in 1841). I was in college there, and while suffering from a decayed tooth went to a dentist by the name of Loinliard, who asked me if I was willing to have the lethean administered. I consented, and the tooth was extracted while I was unconscious. Soon after leaving his office, and while still partially drunk from the ether, my friend and I met Trofossor McKay, and I reeled up to hiin and said, "Good morning, old Mack." That was his familiar name among the students.

He seemed much astonished, and asked my friend where I got my whisky. My friend explained to him, and he smiled and passed on. At that very time Dr. Long claimed that the discovery was his, and not Morton's. It was not then in general use, but seemed to be coufined to the dentist for extracting teeth.

But about the cotton gin and Whitney's claim to it, I know that your. readers will be interested in Mrs. Laura Jones Mc-Nitbb's letter, which is as follows: "Bainbridge, May Hi, Charles II. Smith, Cartersville, Dear Sir I always feel like entering a protest against Eli Whitney ns the inventor of the cotton gin, but. having no proof of what I know are facts.

I have kept silent. Miss Boggs' letter, however, encourages me to write you the information I have, which, though rather vague, is something more than an impression. "Early in the seventies my grand mother, Mrs, Martha Moscly Jones, whs had lived for forty years at Washington, Wilkes county, came to live with us at Kirkwood. I heard my father, Dr. Joseph Jones, ask her where those cotton gin papei-s were, saying he wished to present them to fhe Young Men's library in Atlanta.

She replied burned them, with many other old things that no one cared for but My father was very much troubled about it, saying: 'Why, that wns the only proof we had that Uncle Watkins, and not Eli Whitney, was the inventor of the cotton gin. "Mr. Watkins was my grandmother's brother-in-law, and she came into possession of the papers at his wife's death. She died at LaGrange, having married Judge Harris, of that place. "The following is the account my father then gave of tho invention, ns well as I can remember, and which he published once in some Atlanta paper, an agricultural paper, I think: While Eli Whitney was staying at Gen.

Green's place he was visited by Mr. John Watkins. Watkins had invented a cotton gin, and showed Whitney the model, never dreaming that a guest at his house would steal his invention; -which, however, Whitney did, and that perhaps accounts for his becoming and the 'final breaking of the machine by the though I do not remember to have heard my father mention that. He said, however, that Mr. Watkins' friends and neighbors were outraged with Whitney, aud were anxious for his prosecution, but he did not think Mr.

Watkins ever took any steps to prevent bis getting th patent. "Mr. Watkins was a wealthy Southern planter, who amused himself with his inventions, several of which he had patented. A machine fir making cut nails, if I am not -mistaken, was one. The papers which my grandmother and which she called 'the cotton gin patent, right, must have been from the patent office at Washington, and it so, 1 suppose there is some record of the invention there; but I have never known how to institute an investigation.

I do not think the above conflicts at all with Miss Boggs' impressions. "My father's younger brother, Maj. William It. Jones, Bessemer, perhaps knows something of the matter, or Col. Ines Robertson, of Habersham county, a nephew of my grandmother who spent much of his boyhood with her.

might possibly have heard tho eiroimi-stauees. They were both, however, much younger "thau my father, aud doubt ii thai kiiow anything about It, Respectfully, Uur MuKabb." "-uti mere an other -plant as valuable as red clover. requires a Detter soil, and one which is iu a better mechanical condition, than either of the other rcstorativt crops named, but as it gives us ova most valuable hay crop in addition te its action as a restorative crop, it is tht best plant we have for maintaining tht fertility of lands which have never be1 come exhausted, or which have been renovated by the use of Lespedeza, cow peas or melelotus. Having secured good mechanical condition in the soil, together with an abundant supply ol humus by means of green crops, but little additional fertilizer will be needed. MANAGEMENT OF PIGS.

The Best Way to Secure Good Growth Minimum Cost. In the spring after grass and clovef starts is one of the very best seasons for securing a good growth at a low cost. This holds good with all classet of stock, and nirrw nm nn Avind r- 1 g- uvvavLJIUVU. VUQ of the prinaipal advantages that pigs imivtYcu me spring nave over thosd that come at almost any other season, is that with plenty of grass and ciover the sows are able to supply the pigs with more and better milk, while at soon as the pigs learn to eat they will make a cheaper and better growth than at any other season. It is usually best to keep the sows in reasonably close quarters until tie pigs have made a sufficient growth run about well, which will usually by the time they are ten days old.

T.ien they can be turned out and given the range of a good pasture. The feeding of the sow must liberal and the material must be of an excellent nature in order to enable her tf supply her pigs with plenty of milk Grain is also needed with good clover. With both the suckling sows and growing pigs clover is a better feed than grain, and while a very fair growth can be secured with grain or clover alone, in nearly all cases a suflficiRnt.lv htt grain can be secured by feeding grain auuiuon to mane it profltable. But the grain must be of a eha-acW wii adapted to the securing of a good de veiupment 01 none ana muscle rather than fat. No one material fa a r-nm.

plete ration; that is, it will not supply au 01 me materials needed to maintain a good growth at the lowest cost, an 1 for this reason a combination of mi-tn-rials will in nearly aU cases give the best results. But a different ration is needed for Arrowing- animals from what, ulintil ta given when fattening for market, 1L.I 1 a .1 wiai uran ana 011 meal, grouna oats hin IstllflP will vnaTrn a Kntta. Ul iiuini. wvtv: ll-cu, will for the sow that is suckling a litter A pigs anu growing pigs, nnenever the ni tr iri tn slimv iltutvuiftlnv, tn n.l a place should be provided where they can eai romemseives, ann tney snouia be. fed rftinilnrlv.

innt-Anjtinfr t.lw. rnt.inntf as their growth and condition demand. nut in tne spring is not only a good time, to Kproirp. A trnnA m-mi-th u-itli young pigs, but it is also one of the uest seasons to iatten, ana especially when the pigs have been kept in a good, thrifty condition during the winter, if thrifty with good pasturage, a month nr six wppksf liberal foaHinor nt n. fat.

tening ration will be all that is needed wj reaay ior marKet, ana tnis can bp flnnp. At. A lpss unfit, t.ban if t.lip trrnin alone is depended upon. American farmer. Health-Giving: Vegetables.

It has been said that carrots "romote digestion, and that the tomato, so xong appreciated, is an excellent aid to the liver, and is invaluable in the work of purifying the blood. Nor are these the only green things that improve the general health. The onion is a great stimulant to the circulatory system, and the seakale and water-cress correct scrofulous tendency, while the turnip is nearly as nutritious as corn-meal. Lettuce and celery supply a craving the nerves, and early spinach rouses the inert kidney. Everyone who can should have a garden, no matter how small, for really fresh vegetables will save many a doctor's bill.

Farm and Fireside. HERE AND THERE. Good cows will pay for good care, even though milk and butter are down in price; they rarely go below the cos! of production. Soiling crops should be near the barn for convenience in feeding, a night pasture in fly time will more than pay in the comfort of your animals. If the cows are bred to calve next fall they ought to give milk enough this spring and summer to pay a profit over cost of feed and labor; and thej will, if they are the right kind of cows.

Nothing at the present, time pays better than swine husbandry when tht hogs are properly cared for. Few tlo mestic animals require the attention necessary to keep them in a healthy condition than swine do, but it pays. There is money in poultry in the south, if a person will give it the prop. er attention; but whoever tries it will find it no lazy man's business, as it re auires a irreatdeal of hard work. A person must pay attention to details.

It is vigilance eternal vigilance is th watch-word of success. The kitchen garden should be a model of neatness. It shouM be laid off in 'beds and borders, the paths should be kept scrupulously tlean of weeds and in eood order. There should be a strict adherence to the idea of utility both in laying it out, in planting and conducting it. Bae-eing the grapes as soon at the bloom has fallen will prevent rot.

Tho fruit is much more beautiful grown in bagi One pound manila bags are used. The bag is opened, drawn carefully over the bunch and pinned above the cane from which the bun.ih is growing. A cheap source of phosphoric acid is Carolina phosphate rock. Do not, however, use the crudely-ground jock, or "floats," but use the acid phosphate made by treating the rock sulphuric acid. The available phosphoric acid in this acid phosphate costs about six cents a pound.

The eleventh census returns show that in 1880 there were in the United States 4,008,907 farr.is, valued at ovei in 18(W there were farms, valued af iver $13,000,000,000. Tho Increase in number was nearly 14 per tonU, and in value over 30 per cent. Other causes than over-production must be found to account for the low prtas cf wheat in America. The acre-agr, 0 18BJ was more than 3,000.000 acrt less than in 1880; in fact) tht amonut sown during last year wag lest than for th past fourteen yeais, avi in 18s5, The value tho crcp ffl-wftjt less than Mioi tht twikiO: manv wonderful achievements of the Co lumbian year this train which was the fastest long-distance train ever run holds a imminent place, and to anyone interested the subject, the picture is well worth 1 raining. Ten cents in stamps orsuversent to C.

K. Wilber, West. Pass. Chicago, will secure one. To Cleanse the System Effectually yet gently, when costive or bilious or when the blood is impure or slug gish, to permanently cure habitual constipa tion, to awanen tne moneys ana liver to a healthv activity, without irritating or weak ening them, to dispel headaches, colds or levers, use rsyrup 01 lgs.

COUGHED DAY AND NIGHT. Three years ago, I was so sick 1 could not eat, sleep or walk, for I cougbea all day and night, my weight was reduced from 160 to 127 pounds. The first night that 1 slept four hours at ona time, was after 1 had taken three doses of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. The offensive matter expectorated grew less every day and when 1 had taken tho UBS.

I F. Coins, couu elecp night without coughing, and have been well ever abios and weigh 178 pounds. lira. LOTJISB F. COATKS, Blgthebounu, Kittys XT.

PIERCE antccs a CORE OR MONEY RETURNED, In Severe Coughs, Bronchial, Throat and Lung Diseases, Asthma, Scrofula in every form, and even the Scrofulous affection of the lungs that's called Consumption, in all its earlier stages, the Discovery cubes. No Other 5oap Does expected to be of great service in af- fording earliest information of casualties to vessels in the vicinities of the ships, besides being of great value to the light-keepers aboard the isolated lightships. A German firm recently brought out electrical meters which, instead of reading in ampere or matt hours, gave directly the price of electricity consumed, thus enabling the consumer to read the meter himself. It appears, however, that such meters are not allowed in Germany, and it is suggested that they might be made with two scales, one reading in electrical units and the other giving the plain money value. The motor cars of he World's fair Intramural railway have been purchased by the Atlantic Railway of Brooklyn, N.

Y. They will be remodelled to the extext necessary to operate them as trolley cars, and will be used to haul open cars from Thirty-ninth street ferry to and from Coney Island, obviating the nse of locomotives. The cars, it will be remembered, have each a seating capacity of ninety passengers, and will draw four passenger cars of equal capacity. It is reported that an English officer named Harrington has discovered in India a working telephone between the two temples of Pauj, about a mile apart. The system is said to ha ve been in operation in I'auj for over 2.000 years.

In this connection it is observed that Egyptoligists have found unmistakable evidence of wire communications between some of the temples of the earlier Egj-ptian dynasties; but whether these served a telegraphic, telephonic or other purposes is not stated. The Rabbidge telephone has been brought before the English public, according to London Lightning. This telephone, it appears, is designed for speaking over short lines, such ns would connect the different rooms in a large warehouse or block of buildings. The usual call bell is replaced by a small vibrating reed in the receiver, which, when the circuit is closed, gives a clear note, pleasanter than the sound of a bell. A small tube containing mercury automatically changes tho connections when the instrument is inverted.

This stops the sound and acknowledges the call, which is made by removing a plug from one hole to another. The act of inverting the instrument also tends to prevent packing of the carbon granules in the transmit ter. The whole is so small that it can be conveniently screwed to the side of a desk, thus saving the trouble of moving to an instrument fixed to the wall. A proposition has been made by the Standard Electric Co. of Chicago to the mayor of the city of Atlanta, to fjnrnish Atlanta with a municipal lighting plant.

The city is now paying the local electric light company 8100 per year per arc light, which is a low rate as compared with the price paid in many other cities in the United States. The proposition of the Standard Electric Co. is that they are to receive pay for their plant by accepting each year the difference between the cost of producing the light from their plant and the price now paid for the light. In other words, they guarantee and pledge that the light shall not cost the city over per year each, leaving the difference between that figure and the present cost of light-tbat is, 858 per light to go toward payment for the plant. They estimate that it will take five years and two months to wipe out the debt, when the city will own its plant free from debt.

FASHION NOTES. Fads of the Moment and Items of Interest to the Women. They are saying now that the only correct glove for street wear is the gold tan. Applique embroidery is much used this season in trimming handsome evening gowns. Silk petticoats are worn this season more furbelowed, flounced and lace-trimmed than ever.

It is said that red parasols are the most efficient of freckle preventatives, as they retard the sun's actinic rays. Edmund Russell says that high collars destroy graceful conversation, and that diamonds decrease in beauty as they increase in size. Ginghams, muslin and cotton gowns are being made up in very elaborate fashions this spring, and with them laces and ribbons galore are used. A society girl, recently married, has had the photograph taken of herself in her wedding dress framed in silver with a bit of the dress white brocaded satin for the margin of the picture. The yachting girl is already having her yachting suits made up.

Serge, pique, linen, grass cloth and duck are the favorite materials, and the suits are made very simply. Perfect fit and cut are necessary, but frills are out of place on the ocean blue. Boston Traveller. Trick Photography. Amateur photographers may play many tricks with the camera if they can manage a few simple appliances that are readily obtainable.

A lady's head may appear to rest in a platter. To proiuce this effect, provide two tables, placing them close together, and arrange a tablecloth with dishes and ornaments. Prepare a tin plate by cutting out a place at one side and a circle in the middle just large enough to receive the neck of the person to be photographed. Then seat the person so that the plate when put around the neck may rest firmly upon the table. Smooth out the cloth, letting it fall to the floor, and take the picture.

The result will be the appearance of a head without a body resting in a dish. Other equally interesting pictures may be produced in similar ways. N. Y. Ledger.

A Conversion. A country circus advertised that "at twelve o'olock the cannibals will 1 fed." A large crowd assembled, but to everybody's disappointment the savages ato potatoes. In reply some in-dignant questions the manager saidi "But, gentlemen, don't you see that their' diet is evidence of my skill? I havfe convened tjiem into i-Fllt-gonda WUlwr. im notices one cent per word. The above rates will be strictly adhered to.

Choctaw County Calendar. I Chancery Court-Hon. V. H. Taylor, Chan-eellor.

B. F. Gilder, Regular terras Thursday after the first Monday after the fount Monday in March and September. uircum iuuii. nun.

iiones. Judge. Regular terms foirth Monday In March and third Monday (iter the fourth Monday la September. County Court Hod. C.

C. McCall, Judge, Begular terms fourth Monday In each month. yrobate Court Hon. C. C.

McCall, Judge. Kejular terms second Monday in each month. nMnmlMlnnara ('nil rf If t.1 Monday In February, first Mopday in April, see. end Mondays la May, July and August, and Irst Monday In November. Commlssloters XntDKtilct.

J. W. Rudder; District llllim m. ucilSUir. fourth District, II.

Lenoir. The following-parties an- onr authorize units to recclre and receipt for subscrlDilnsa In The Herald: J. M. Coilmin. Blndon Springs H.W.

Fagan Melvin i. H. ruBhmatelia W.E. Fall Bllai H. Hodges rennlngtoi i PERSONAL AND LITERARy! The czar has among his household an understudy, singularly like him it appearance, who shows himself at th windows of railway carriages and tht like when his imperial majesty does not wish to disturb himself.

Mrs. Hannah Bedell, who died at Hempstead, L. the other day, apec 8 years, leaves eight children, forty grandchildren, ninety-seven greatgrandchildren, and twenty great-greatgrandchildren, 345 descendants in all. Since his recent attack of the grir permanent affection of the lungs. lie will probably make his imperial rcsi- more favorable than at St.

Petersburg. The duchess of Marlborough hat entered into possession of the Deep-deene, Lord Francis Hope's estate neat Dorking. It noble owner calls it a "beastly hole," but is willing to accept 3,000 a year for it from the American duchess. Mine. Le Favre, who is lecturing in ew lork on dress, says that men with classic features should go clean-shaven.

As for women, thev should dress with trne art, and they should be living, fLnimnfofl nf thorn nn: pictures chromos. 1 During his first cttmpaifjtn for congress Representative McKeighan, of Nebraska, who was living in a sod. linnKO at. t.Vi. t.inno inf io traveled ten thousand visiting every settlement of his big district, in oraer 10 mane mmseii Known to me voters.

j. Walter Besant ishnntinsr for an old book entitled "The Shoemaker of Jem-salem," which- was published in Darlington, England, in 1790. He is anxious to obtain a copy of it for the reason that it contains an account of a visit oi tne vvanaenna- jew to tnc town of Hull in '5; Narcisse Nero.an Italian imprisoned in Kootenai burglary, is so devoted to his prison life that when his sentence expired a "few days ago he refused to go. He says they will have to put him out, and the case is waiting the arrival of the attorney general for a legal opinion in the matter. Mrs.

Humphrey Ward says that before she finished her first novel she was seized with writers' cramp and that every word of the novel had to bo dictated to a shorthand writer. She has since recovered the use of her hand. Mrs. Ward often rewrites a page twenty times before she is satisfied with, the result, HUMOROUS. "Here's a surprise for yovr birthday, mamma." "Dear child! Where did you get those flowers?" ''From your new hat." Hallo.

In a district school the pupils were asked to define a bee line. A small boy answered: know it. It's the line a feller makes fer home when a bee' stung him." Buffalo Enquirer. Mrs. Grimes "Henry.

Willie is teasing me every day for a 1 jvish you'd get him one." Mr. Grimes "A sweater? What's the- matter with buck-saw. "Boston Transcript. Heiress "Dear, me! Times are hard." Mabel "How do you know?" Heiress "Why, all the men are to me in their last year's phrases. It's very monotonous." Y.

World. "What are you in here for?" asked 'he prison visitor. "Plagiarism" answered the convict. "What?" "Pla-farism. I tried to publish a private issue of fifty dollar greenbacks." Indi 'napolis Journal.

Jilson says it may be extravagant JMthe women to put so much material their sleeves, but a great deal more jfoorts would go to waist if the same fashion should prevail in men's attire. Courier. Rinx Wha are you writing Scrib "I am collaborating with my father on a book of Kinx "I ilidn't know that your father wrote Pwins." Scrib "He doesn't; he's pay-1BS 'or their publication." Tit-Bits. An English health officer recently received the following note from one of he residents of his district: "Dear sir 1 Opir tali .1 -ij fht months, is suffering from an at- of measles as required by act of Parliament." Ls- AVayoff "And this picture "That is Xiobc. I suppose you Perfectly familiar with the story." "-s.

Wayoff "Xo, 1 can't say that I recall it. There's a good many of I not yet acquainted ''-Inter-Ocean. --Mrs. Partington A pious old lady jjWned in a Christian Endeavor feting, shp was much impressed by J'oung people's earnestness, and Pwlaiiy- pleased with the singing. saMs "Oh, I do tovei to hear 'em They sing with, weh Tnom!" UNL 1K1AL WILL KUYC mi3.

SOLD EVERYWHERE FAIRBANKC0HFAHY.5t.Lous. OTTT AND GET MADE BY CJU'X1 T3 IRANK LESLIE'S! Scenes and Portraits THEN CS RENOVATING WORN LANDS. Extract Front the Report of the Mississippi Experiment Station. The sixth report of the Mississippi experiment station says: Xo soil can be made to products good crops without the presence of a fair supply of humus or decayed vegetable matter. Freshly-cleared lands and lands which have not been plowed for many years usually contain an abundance of humus, but when lands have long been cultivated in hoed crops like corn and cotton the humus becomes exhausted, and must be replaced before they can be made profitable.

Just how this humus shall be supplied must depend on the circumstances of each plantation. When it can be had in snf-cient quantity there is no better material for this purpose than is stable manure, but as this can be secured in sufficient amounts recourse must be had to other materials. Cotton seed for clay soils, and cotton seed meal for sandy sodls, answer the purpose perfectly, but both are expensive, and on nearly all plantations the most economical method for securing a sufficient supply of humus is by the growing and plowing under of some green leguminous crop like lespe-deza, cow peas, or red clover. On lands where either of these crops has been grown, there is little trouble in making satisfactory crops of corn or cotton by the use of moderate amounts of commercial fertilizers, fcespedeza will grow on a soil which is too exhausted, dry and hard for either of the others, and is undoubtedly the best plant for use where the soil is in a very poor condition. It responds quickly to an application of two hundred pounds of cottonseed meal per acre, and by making such an application a fair crop of Lespedcza can be grown on almost any soil.

If the soil is sufficiently fertile to make a fair crop of Lespe-deza without the use of fertilizer, cow peas will be the better crop to grow, as they make a much heavier growth than does the Lespedeza, their roots arc larger and extend more deeply into the ground, and will so build up the soil more rapidly. When the soil is rich in lime, as in the entire northeastern prairie region, melilotus is the best fertilizing crop which can be grown. Its roots are larger and extend deeper into the ground than do those of any other restorative plant which we can grow; the plants die and the. roots decay at the end of the second season, and so the plant adds more to the valuable plant food in, the soil than does any other of the many which we have tested. It will grow well on any of the black prairie soils, even on those which are too exhausted or in too poor a condition for making good of red clover; it docs equally on whitclime lands, makes good hay and pasture, heing especially valuable for winter grazing and as a restorative crop for lime lands, is undoubtedly the most valuable one we have.

Unfortunately, it will not grow on soils which are deficient in lime, as arc most of those in the pine-woods region, and for that section of the state, cow peas and Ispedeza are the iro.it satisfactory restorative ismu-ttenslertokeepaflclillnsooa condition than it is to build it up when it has bftiome run down and exlmuiiteu, n. iiy wwtaiiting' fertility PICTURES OF STIRRING BATTLE SCENES I GRAND GflVALRy GfiflRGES 'AND PORTRAITS OF THE LEADING GENERALS ON BOTH SIDES. To be oubHshed In thirtv Weekly parte. appropriate, descriptive reading matter 00 receipt ox TWELVE CENTS FOR EACH PART. Each cart oontalnlmr sixteen nlcturen with and handsome cover.

Mailed to any address READY APRIL 1 5th. the series is comnlete. Remit It A mt or send at a lime lor cadi part CHICACO, ILL. PART ONE And each week another nart until once and receive the part weekly aroataigo auKiupa acvcpiuus auurow LEON PUBLISHING Exclusive General Western Agents, 1030 Caxton Building, Opium Remedy lO OO Whlskr OOO fqbacco 5 OO OPIUM WHISKY 1 IT 14 TO 28 DATS. Nothing spondence terms, Office, 475 Poplar and TOBACCO HABITS CURED AT HOME Remedy Is perfectly sate a child can take It sevoreabout treatment Book of particulars free.

Corre STiiiCTLY confidential. Pliiln envelopes used. For address Box 1,000, or Memphis Keelej Institute, Street MEMPHIS. TENN. THE POT INSULTED THE KETTLE BECAUSE THE COOK HAD NOT USED SAP GOOD COOKING DEMANDS CLEANLINESS.

SAPQLIO SHQVLP be? in EVSRY KITQrOJ,.

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About The Choctaw Herald Archive

Pages Available:
3,485
Years Available:
1884-1903