The Ogden Standard-Examiner from Ogden, Utah on November 5, 1942 · Page 1
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The Ogden Standard-Examiner from Ogden, Utah · Page 1

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Thursday, November 5, 1942
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WEATHER Little change in temperature today and tonight TEMPERATURE (For 24-hour period ending at «ven a. m. today.) U O~den Albuquerque . Atlanta . . Chicago . . Denver . . . Grand June. Minneapolis. New Orleans Un.1 28 41 45 25 44 30 27 37 62 tax. 45 63 57 35 53 59 52 50 1 New York. . Okla. City. . Omaha .... Proyo . . Rock Springs Salt Lake . . . San Antonio St. Louis. .. TljWashlngton... [ln.i 36 47 36 19 20 2S 71 46 33 tax. 5C 6K 65 42 32 44 SO 56 51 Seventy-third Year--No. 136. The United Press The Associated Press OSDEN CITY, UTAH, THURSDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 5, 1942 Wide World Newi Nem service 20 PAGES--TWO SECTIONS FINAL EDITION DEAN HARRIS SLAYS WIFE, HER MOTHER Pleasant View Carpenter Then Suicides in His Car DIVORCE IS BLAMED Alarm Sounded Too Late To Prevent Tragedy In Weber County Divorce proceedings were believed to have written the tragic finis to three lives today, when Dean Charles Harris, 34, of Pleasant View, shot and killed his mother-in- law, Mrs. Rhoda Archibald as she lay sleeping in her home at Plymouth, later drove back to his home in Pleasant View, killed his wife with the same weapon, a .22 caliber revolver, and in a melodramatic conclusion returned to his car and turned the gun upon himself. While no motive was advanced by Sheriff John R. Watson of Weber county, nevertheless a divorce complaint was filed in Weber county, September 18, 1942, by his wife, Iretta A. Harris, and a previous similar action had been set aside by the court. In her complaint, Mrs. Harris listed cruelty as cause of action. Body Discovered First word of the tragedy was received by Deputy Sheriff Joseph Weston shortly before eight o'clock this morning. Apparently discov- (Contlnued on Page Two) ., (Column Four) FIV3NK IEWl If the picture is not overdrawn, Marshal Rommel's defeat in the Egyptian desert is a disaster to the Germans and Italians of crushing magnitude. Dispatches describe the enemy as demoralized and in retreat,with the American and R. A. F. air forces pursuing the beaten army. When an army today is whipped to the*- point of seeking safety in flight, the fate of the defeated is almost sealed, as the men in the air, with a mastery, can overtake the victims and create havoc, making safe escape impossible. Unless the Germans can land reinforcements, said to have left Crete for the scene of disaster, Rommel may be forced to leave a big part of his army dead on the field. One report tells of 9,000 prisoners with dead everywhere. Shell shock is said to have dazed many of the German prisoners, disclosing the tremendous power of the bombing and artillery fire of the attacking forces. When the inside story is given, it will be disclosed--that is my opinion--that much of the war materiel utilized by the British Eighth army was supplied by our war department, and will include planes, tanks, bombs and shells. This may not be the second front, but is leading up to a flank movement on the German attack in Russia and along the Black sea, which should be more certain of success than an attempt to storm the forts which guard western Germany and the conquered area · · · In a talk before Rotary on Wednesday, Dr. King Hendricks, head of the English department of the Utah State Agricultural college, gave a sketch of Stalin and a glimpse of Russian life which was educational and well presented. He declared that Stalin is a strong character of great power who' must be reckoned with at ' the peace conference when the al- "·lies win. I \ His analysis was keen, though · 'evoid of the dogmatic. -· : He is recognized as one of Utah's / lost capable public speakers. * -» * A visitor from Los Angeles says hoodlumism is rampant in that city. Gangs of young boys of Filipino and Mexican makeup are commit(Continued on Page .(Column Shooting Affray Ends Fatally for Three of Family 4- TRIPLE TRAGEDY . . . Early I today Dean Harris, 34, Pleasant View, drove to Plymouth, Box Elder county, and shot to death his mother-in-law, Mrs. Rhoda Archibald. He then drove to his home in Pleasant View and killed his wife, Iretta Archibald Harris, walked from the home, sat on a bed he had been using in his automobile and killed himself. Above, at the Pleasant View home, Sheriff John R. Watson and deputies prepare to move the bodies. At side, Miss Dorothy Porter, Standard-Examiner reporter, peers into the automobile in which Harris' body was found. (Photos by Spencer L. Richards) G. O. P. Victories Drain Democratic Majorities By The Associated Press Nearly complete returns from Tuesday's elections today disclosed the Republicans had drained off the once formidable Democratic majorities in congress to a level that might ebb in their favor on important legislation and had about divided the 48 states governorships equally with the Democrats. ·* Their gains in the congressional and state contests exceeded the brightest hopes of Republican forecasters and almost turned the Democrats out of even nominal control of the house. Late returns showed that the Democrats had taken 219 house seats, one more than a bare majority, but had suffered a net loss of 41 members as compared with the present house. Republicans had elected 207 representatives, a net gain of 42 in the minor parties, the Progressives had elected two representatives, a net loss of one seat, and the Farmer-Labor and American-Labor parties had held to one seat each. Five house races still were undecided today. In the present house, which continues until the end of the year, the Democrats have a majority of 93 over the Republicans and five minor.party members. Their peak was in 1937, with 333 to 89. With only one senate contest outstanding, that between Senator Murray (D-Mont.) and Wellington' D. Rankin (R), the Republicans had gained' nine new senate seats without losing one to the Democrats, and the latter had lost eight. Independent George W. Norris, Nebraska, also lost out to a Republican, Kenneth S. Wherry. The Democrats elected 15, .which, with 41 holdovers, gave them a total of '56 in the new senate starting January 3. Republicans elected 18 and with 20 incumbents not up for re-election gave them a total of 38. The senate's lone Progressive, LaFollette of Wisconsin, was not up this year. This Democratic majority of 17 or plurality of 18 over the Republicans compares with an existing majority of 34 or plurality of 36. Lowest majority in recent years was in 1933 when the division was 59 Democrats and 36 Republicans. Highest was in 1937 when it was 75 Democrats and 17 Republicans. Of the 33 governorships at stake, including that in Maine which elected September 14, the Republicans won 17, the Democrats 13. and Progressives one. Two were still in doubt--in Idaho and Wyoming. Counting holdovers, · the .Democrats now will have at least 23 governors, the Republicans 22, and Progressives one. · SACRIFICE AIDS DIVE BOMBERS PEARL-HARBOR, Nov. 5 (UP) Three American squadrons of carrier-based torpedo planes were virtually wiped out in the battle of Midway, but their sacrifice enabled navy dive bombers to inflict heavy losses on the Jap fleet, headquarters of U. S. Pacific fleet revealed today. Squadron Number Six, commanded by Lieut. Corridr. E. E. Lindsey, attacked the enemy with 14 planes and .only four returned, while squadron five, headed by Lieut. Comdr. L. E. Massey, lost 10 of its 12 planes, it was disclosed. Destruction of squadron eight, from which only Ensign G. H. Gay survived, previously was reported. · The courage of the three squadrons in attacking the enemy in the" face of fierce anti-aircraft fire and swarms of fighter planes, accounted for a considerable, number of the 21 Jap naval craft sunk or damaged in' the battle. Only one American aircraft carrier and a destroyer were lost in the engagement. The Japs also lost at least 275 planes. ' · Portland Faces Meat Shortage PORTLAND, Nov. 5 (UP)--With only a week's supply of fresh meat on hand in local markets, meat packers were temporarily balked today by the OPA's refusal to liberalize meat quotas to permit replenishing the supply. Virtually all .of Portland's meat packers, with the exception of the* Swift and Armour companies, announced yesterday they would be forced to suspend slaughtering operations Nov. 13. Census figures, the OPA said, indicated a slight decrease. Moreover, the OPA said, "population shifts are not a basis for quota adjustments.'' SOLOMON JAPS FLEE MARINES Nips Abandon Arms In Guadalcanal Isle Battle WASHINGTON, Nov. 5 (UP) -American marines, supported by army and navy airmen, are pushing their admittedly small offensive on Guadalcanal island vigorously enough so that the Japs have been forced to abandon valuable equipment Twenty machine guns and two small artillery pieces were reported captured by the Americans in last night's communique. During the first day of the offensive west of the air field on Guadalcanal the Americans captured two 75 mm. guns. Naval communiques and naval officials have carefully avoided magnifying the dimensions of the offensive which started last Thursday (island time). They likewise have avoided any .mention of disorder in the enemy retreat from their advance positions near 'the Mat- anikau river. But the last communique's mention of machine guns and artillery abandoned indicated that all is not well with the Japanese. It is a reasonable assumption that the enemy would make every effort to preserve all the fire power available. The transportation of such equipment from advance bases to the scene of fighting is one of the major- logistic problems for both sides in the battle of the Solomons. Latest reports from the Solomons bring the battle on Guadalcanal .through Tuesday morning (island time) when it was said that the American advance to the west was continuing. There still was no tendency here to be optimistic about the situation. Naval officials pointed out that there has been an ominous lack of reports on any enemy naval or air activity for days. There has been no mention of Jap air support for eight days. Two Indicted on Postal Charges SALT LAKE CITY, Nov. 5 (UP) William L. Chastain and Kleoalenie K. Chastain, postmaster and assistant postmaster at Ibapah, Tooele county, today had been indicted by a federal grand · jury on four counts concerning embezzlement of post office receipts. Two of the counts concern falsification of reports on stamp cancellations, appropriating stamps to apply on a personal account and embezzlement of U. S. postal funds totaling $515.12. BULLETINS The home of Howard Childs, Riyerdale, was destroyed today by fire, according to E. L. Jensen, Weber county fire chief. It resulted from a small blaze started by grandchildren of the family in a coal shed which adjoined the main building. The firemen reported that lack, of water at the site prevented them from' saving any of the building and very little of the house furnishings.' LEAD GROWS FOR GRANGER IN UTAH POLL Lee 277 Votes Behind as 470 of 486 Precincs Report RECOUNT FORESEEN Most of Missing Ballots In Box Elder County G. O. P. Area SALT LAKE CITY, Nov. 5 (AP) --Utah's first congressional district race between Democratic R e p r e sentative Walter K. Granger and Republican candidate J. Bracken Lee, mayor of Price, still hung in the balance early today on the basis of unofficial returns more than 36 hours after the polls closed Tuesday night. Granger was leading by 277 votes with 470 of 486 precincts reported. Granger had an unofficial total of 36,155 to 35,878 for Lee. But on a count that close it was almost a dead certainty the outcome would be determined only by the official canvass, and possibly even then a recount will be demanded. With so many possibilities of error in preliminary counts, transmission of figures and other handling of returns it appeared unlikely Utahns would know who their first district congressman will be for sure until the official count. In Box Elder County Most of tile precincts missing were in Box Elder county, part of which has given Granger the edge and part of which has swung to Lee, so that even experienced campaigners hesitated to predict what would come from that area. In the other district J. W. Robinson, Democratic incumbent, had won a decisive victory over his Republican opponent, Reed E. Vet- terli, Salt Lake City police chief. With an almost total unofficial return--364 precincts out of 365 reporting--Robinson had 43,788 votes to 34,641 for Vetterli. Chief Justice David W. Moffat, Democrat, also with unofficial returns nearly complete, had won by a wide margin over Diiworth Wooley, Manti Republican, in the contest for a place on the Utah supreme court bench. Moffat received 86,341 votes for re-election in the 829 precincts of the state's, 852 which had reported early today, to 61,180 for Woolley. Chain Store Tax Hit The chain store tax proposal-No. 2 on the ballot--had been emphatically refused by the electorate which registered 83,858 votes against the measure to 38,215 for it in 820 precincts. The measure, which would have applied taxes ranging from $50 to $500 on each existing unit in Utah of 22 national chain stores, plus levies ranging from $500 to $5,000 for each new or relocated unit, was the center of the most controversial issue of the campaign. Backed by retail grocers of the state, the proposed tax met its most determined opposition on the ground the $500-$5000 levy on new units was a "death clause" aimed at the chain. Attorney General Grover A. Giles had given an opinion that this clause might be termed unconstitutional by the courts as being in restraint of free enterprise. He also criticized portions of the bill, passed by the 1941 legislature and signed by the governor, which exempts voluntary or so-called'"non-corporate" chains from its provisions as well as service stations and utilities, as being "discriminatory." Pay Hike Refused The people for the third time refused a pay raise to the Utah legislature. Proposal No. 1, which would have amended the Utah constitution to allow an increase from the present $4 a day for legislators up to as high as $10, drew 76,211 "no" votes in 820 precincts to 43,687 "yes." While Weber county maintained its previous standing. as a Democratic stronghold, even there a shift was seen when compared with previous elections of recent years. Granger there held a majority of 2,742, which was considerably smaller than he had registered in the past. In the Utah legislature the Republicans made slight gains, though falling far short of attaining control in either the upper or lower house. With unofficial returns nearly complete from most areas, it appeared the Republicans were sura of 20 seats in the house, a gain of four over the 1941 legislature, and the 'Democrats of 39, with one still in doubt. In the senate the lines were clearly drawn with the Republicans gaining two seats to hold total (Continued on Page TTOO) (Column Three). Axis Army in Flight Over Western Egypt; Russ Force Nazis Back Egyptian Victory Held Turning Point in War LONDON, Nov. 5 (AP)--Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts, prime minister of the Union of South Africa, suggested today that allied successes in Egypt might assume the proportions of a victory which would be "the turning point in this war." Smuts, whose confidential conferences in London preceded the current allied onslaught in which South African troops are playing an important role, made the suggestion in messages of congratulation to officers in Egypt. King George VI described the rout of Marshal Erwin Rommel's African forces as a brilliant victory and his phrases set the pace for elated comment by normally restricted British military observers. The British radio hammered the story home to the peoples of Germany, Italy and the nazi-occupied and neutral nations of Europe with broadcast after broadcast in many tongues. Political commentators said P r i m e Minister Churchill would report to the house of commons on the fighting in Egypt in a new review of the war when parliament reassembled. 9,000 Prisoners Taken by Allies as Rommel Hard Hit ATTACK IS SURPRISE DEFERMENT OF FARMERS ASKED Wickard Says Labor Is Vital for Agricultural Production WASHINGTON, Nov. 5 (AP)-Secretary of Agriculture Wickard told a senate military committee today that essential farm labor should be given draft deferment to assure maintenance of agricultural 'production, but failed to express an opinion on any pending legislative proposals . for dealing with the manpower problem. The secretary declared that "we are losing our most efficient agricultural workers very rapidly" and warned that unless means were found to keep "skilled, managerial help on the farms, all the unskilled workers you can place there won't help hi this situation." Wickard .estimated that 1,600,000 men have left the farms in the last' year and said about 60 per cent went into industry and the balance into the armed forces. He suggested that congress, take steps to prevent war industries from hiring men granted deferment as essential farm workers. Although the number of people on farms had · declined only slightly during the past year, Wickard said, those remaining include less of the capable, younger workers, and more of older people and children. This trend, he said, would make more difficult fulfillment of demands for greater agricultural production. BRITISH ESCAPE 'COMIC ARMY' OF ITALIANS IN WAR LONDON, Nov. 5 (UP)--Four Britons escaped from Tobruk by driving 25 miles in a German armored column and adopting "Gotte strafe England" expressions, ,a letter from one of the men who accomplished the feat some time ago revealed today. "Our plan involved getting ourselves up to look as much like Huns as possible without actually wearing their uniforms and joining in one of their armored columns for 25 miles in a British vehicle," the letter from Sgt. D. A. Scott of Ilford, Essex, said. "We filled up our vehicle right under the noses of some of Mussolini's comic army. One of the Italians spoke to us in his language. I answered, 'Ja,' and one of the .others in our party knocked him down for luck. This apparently is the normal treatment the Jerries hand them, for he didn't seem to mind very much. "We all tried very hard to put on 'Gott strafe England' expressions and look as though we were about to die for the fatherland and fuehrer." Scott said the party unobtrusively left the German column, and lived on dirty water drained from radiators of'abandoned ve- 'hi'cles 'during the day's of travel until British lines were reached. ROMMEL PLIGHT HELD DESPERATE We're Killing Germans Where We Find 'Em, Says Spokesman LONDON, Nov. 6 (UP)--An authoritative British source said tonight that the position of Marshal Erwin Rommel is "desperate," and predicted the destruction of the nazi Africa korps will be accomplished "in a matter of a few days." (Columbia Broadcasting system quoted Lieutenant General Bernard Montgomery as declaring in a message to the Eighth army that "complete victory is almost in sight." Montgomery said "We have the chance of putting the whole panzer army in the bag,") The British spokesman said.that the axis forces in North Africa are "badly busted up already." "We are just beginning to give them the sort of warfare they gave to the civilians of France, Holland and Belgium on the highways two years ago," he said. The commentator said that the axis troops were attempting to retreat back along the coastal road "like so many rabbits smoked out of their holes." "They are being pounded mercilessly," he said. "We wouldn't do that sort of things to civilians, but we will to them. This is the first time since the war has started that we are really handing it back to German troops'in retreat." The source said the Eighth army was not interested merely in occupying such points as Tobruk and Benghazi. "We are interested," he said "in killing Germans where we find them--and we'll take care of the Italian lackeys as we go along. We are interested in utterly smashing the army of men about whom Hitler boasted when he jeered at the British generals." Among the prisoners taken thus far, he said, were the entire staff of the Italian Trento division. ' "We copped every last wop of them," he said, noting that the Italian radio today had suddenly started to express concern over possible allied plans to invade Italy across the Mediterranean once the axis has been driven from North Africa. Nazis Shoot 172 Slav Hostages LONDON, Nov. 5 (UP)--Jugoslav official circles said today that the Germans shot 172 hostages at Mari- bor during October, in addition *o 150 slain at Cluj Sept. 15 in reprisal for blowing up a military railway and interfering with shipments of supplies to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in Egypt.' They estimated that by the end of August, 2,500 hostages had been shot in Slovenia. QUEZON" TO TALK WASHINGTON, Nov. 5 (AP)-Philippine government offices said today that President Roosevelt, President Quezon of the Philippines and President Avila Camacho of Mexico would all speak on a radio program Nov. 15 marking the seventh anniversary of the inauguration of the Philippine commonwealth. Soviets Make Local Gain Northwest of Volga, On Black Sea CAIRO, Nov. 5 (AP) -United nations' forces chased a once-proud axis army across the sands of western Egypt today and a British source in London said Marshal Erwin Rommel's African corps "is busted." Rommel's army is caught in a comparatively narrow defile along the coast and the Germans and Italians are being "hunted like rabbits" with every weapon at the allies' command, this source declared. The spokesman paid high tribute to American war equipment and supplies sent to the middle east, and added "It is impossible to be too optimistic" about what has happened and what is going to happen in North Africa. Thousands Seized Weakened by the loss of thousands of men captured, killed, wounded or isolated in their desert strongpoints, the axis forces were engaged in a frantic hunt for positions to avert destruction. Only a rearward moving screen of anti-tank guns and tanks shielded the bulk of Marshal Rommel'* African corps from, the pressing advance of a united nations'- army --the Eighth British--while a com- partively impotent air force sought to parry the combined blows of American and British imperial airmen. 9000 Are Prisoners While 9000 prisoners (by a count already 24 hours old) streamed dejectedly to the British rear, the allied air forces kept hitting at the foe, and the main coastal line of retreat was described as a veritable graveyard of smoking, twisted tanks, armored cars and trucks. (Reuters, British news agency, reported from Cairo that some of the axis advance posts in the western desert were found unmanned in the first lunge of the Eighth army, indicating that the offensive caught the axis forces by surprise. (There also were reports that Rommel himself was not on the job at the time and authoritative sources said he might not have arrived there until after the offensive started on October. 23. (He had been in Berlin for consultation with Hitler and was present in the Sportspalast when the fuehrer on September 30 pledged that Stalingrad would be captured. The German press reported that Rommel left Berlin on October 15.) Tremendous Toll The sudden collapse of the axis defenses was announced last night in a British communique after 12 days of furious fighting in which the allies were said to have taken a tremendous toll of Rommel's men and equipment. Today's communique told of a continuing British advance on all sectors of the front, with enemy tanks and anti-tank guns attempting to fight a rearguard action along the coastal road in the north --the main avenue of retreat. At the southern end of the narrow front, axis forces were reported still holding out in a few isolated positions, but it appeared that the British were by-passingr these in their general advance. Allied planes kept the retreating axis forces under heavy attack and the. dwindling air force at Rommel's command was kept strictly on the defensive. Except for one dive-bombing attack, which was quickly broken up .by allied fighters, the British ground forces were unmolested from the air. Intent on keeping reinforcements from reaching Rommel, allied bombers and torpedo carrying planes also blasted at his overseas supply lines, damaging a. tanker and a heavily laden merchant vessel and scorcing three hits on escorting destroyers, the communique said. Last night's British communique declared boldly that the enemy was "in full retreat." General Killed In terse phrases the announcement painted the picture of a sweeping allied victory, disclosed that Rommel's second in command --General von Stumme--had been killed in action and declared that the enemy was retreating in complete confusion. On the soviet front, Moscow reports the Russians have broken up all the latest nazi efforts to expand the invasion salient In CContlnucd on Fag* -i'wo) (Column One)

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