Extracted Article Text (OCR)
I 1 JPBIDAY MORNING, SEPT. 5. 1HT3. i K0-KLUX. Louisville Courier-Journal.
Wasiougtox, Bept. 1 The Rational Republican of this morning states that the United States District Attorney at Liouisville has forwarded to the Attor ney General a report of Ku-Klux oat-rages; and that it iauthe intention of ederal anthonties to proceed against the Kentucky Kn-Klnx the name as, in North and South On inquiry of the acting Attorney General, it appears that this statement is entirely un authorized. No one would be authorized to make such a statement until after a Cabinet meeting had been held and such a policy determined on. So far from this being the case, the subject has not even been considered, nor has ever the question been investigated whether under the congressional enforcement act of 1871, the Government could lawfully and properly interfere. The cases of conspiracy denounced by the law of 1S71 are where parties have conspired to pre- vent the execution of that law, or to prevent parties from the exercise of a right privilege or immunity guaranteed by the United States constitution and laws.
In the celebrated New Orleans Slaughter-HDnse cases lately decided, the Supreme Conrt, speaking by Judge Miller, held that for the Federal courts to take jurisdiction of a right or immunity guaranteed, there must be some Federal question involved. The Government officials here ask why the Governor of Kentucky does not suppress these outlaws. THB MISSISSIPPI SITUATION. There is a good deal of disgust felt by prominent Western Radicals now here, at the idea of Butler's son-in-law. Gen.
Ames, being chosen Governor of and it is confidently predicted, that he will be defeated. GEN. BUTLER'S PROSPECTS, There are two stories in regard to Gen. Butler's prospects in Massachusetts for the Governorship. His Republican opponents are very bitter.
They admit that Butler has on his side the Boston Custom-Honse influence, the Post Offloe. and the United States Marshal and District Attorney, and the powerful influence of the Treasury Department at Washington. The President they regard as neutral. Only three, Republican papers in Massa-husetts favor Butler. They; say that he eontrived that the first elections for delegates should be held in his strongholds, iand that the general feeling of the party is so strong against him that his defeat is certain.
On the ether hand, well-informed observers say that Butler's blackguardism and smartness make him popular with the masses, and they confidently predict his nomination. DISTRICT FINANCIAL AFFAIRS. A nice little job is now going on here in the buying up of the District securities by the ring and their allies at sixty to eighty cents on the dollar, the new idea being to get Congress next winter to assume the whole city debt. This debt is only twenty to twenty-live millions of dollars and if Congress pays it, the ring can well aftord to retire from business. The best opinion is that Congress will abolish the existing government, and establish a commission in their places.
j. TirE NATIONAL DEBT. WrA8HlNGT0Ni Sept. 1. The following is the recapitulation of the public debt statement for the month ending August 1878.
as compared with the previous month BEARING IXTEHEST IS VOJS. July Si. T3. An. 31, 78.
81X per Cent. five per cent, 445,771,400 Total coin BEARISH 1N1EKEST IN LAWFl't $14,678,000 MATLKED PEUT. Principal $20 H9i.no BKAKIXU SO IMTkRKST. 181 tender do Certificates ot deposit. 33.570.000 Fractional 44.372,46s Coin 42,831,800 t.734.420,950 MONET.
$14,873,000 $12,902,730 $356,079,937 32,240,000 44,889.591 41.493.000 Total not bearing hit. $476,854,284 $477,703,529 DEBT: "Principal 2.i9,02l,954 $2,239,704,209 Interest 31,457,115 32,485.693 Total $1,270,479 069 $2,272,189,902 CASH IN THE TREASURY. $80,144,185 $87,170,846 Currency 12.0J,60 Special 1 33,570,000 32.210,000 Total i $123,030,875 $131,494,537 DEBT LESS CASH IN TREASCBT. $2,147,448,194 Decieabeln ANNUAL REDUCTION-. The following is a statement of the outstanding principal of the national debt at the close of each financial year since 1857: a Jnly $28,699,81 85 July 1, tifiUMl 03 July 1, 5,46.887 84 Jnl.V 1, I860 64.842287 88 July 1, 1S6I h'- S7S JnlT 1, 1862....
54.176,II II July 1, 103....... 1,119,772,131 63 Jnly 1, 1.815,784,370 87 Jnl.T 1, 18K5 2.680,64769 74 July 1. 2.773,23.17S 60 July 1. ....4... 2.78,12i.l03 87 July, 1868 2611.687,851 19 Jnly 1, 19 2,581.432,813 94 JnlT 1, 1870...........,......
81 July 1, 11 Jnly 1. a K8.25l.328 78 July 1, l.sTi..... 2,24, 482, ()H1 20 The above figures include only the without regard to the interest due and unpaid or accrued, or cash in the treasury at the dates named, all of which are noted is the monthly statements. By adding interest due and unpaid, and interest accrued, and deducting cash in the treasury for the past two fiscal years, we have tne following result: Balance of obligations, July 1, 187V $2,191,486,343 82 Balar-ce of obligations, Jnly 1, 2,147,818,713 57 Net redaction daring-tne fiscal year $13,667,630 05 JOKlB ISSUED TO l'ACIFIC HAILUOA l8. Principal $64,621,112 Interest accrued not yet 6M.235 Total interest paid by the V.
8 20,447,986 Interest repaid by transportation, ot malls, eto 4,422,111 Interest paid by the U. 8. and not yet repaid by the companies 10,023,874 CHlNGK IN TUB NATIONAL BANKING ACT. Cincinnati Commercial. Washington; Sept.
The prospect of the -Doseibility of financial stringency in New York have caused representations to be made here which show that a good many Eastern banking officers favor an amendment to the national banking act to such aa extent that the banks will not be compelled to keep, an arbitrary reserve of twenty-five per cent, of their circulation and deposits, but that the amount ox tne reserve snail be left to the judgment of bank It -is maintained that; thei bankers wooldrbe better able to Drevent the lookinjr no of currency, and would keep their banks, in an equally strung auu wue cuuuibiou, if they were- not compelled by law to keep the present, arbitrary; reserve of twenty-five percent; ot: CIVIL SKJtVICB COMMISSION. There ia not entire harmony in the jivii eservice vommiHion. iwrman Eaton, the successor of George William Curtis, has encountered. the personal ill will of some of the other members of the commission, who entertain the opinion that they are entitled to at least as much consideration as himself. The- other Commissioners are- represented to have that Mr.
Eaton is not justified in his attempts to assume both the worth and reputation of Mr. Curtis for labors for which the other Cominissionera are chiefly entitled to inequazjtiks of postmasters', saxa-; BIBS. The attention of the next Congress will be called to some great inequalities in the salaries of officers" in the civil hemce. The salaries of the bureau offi cers of the higher grades in the Post Office Department were not made equal to the salaries of officers holding similar positions in the other departments, and the friends of the former intimate that they will make an attempt to secure a corresponding increase of salary. Some of the postmasters in the large cities also complain that the salaries of theic offices are very disproportionate to the sums paid in some of the smaller cities'.
The Postmaster at New York receives thousand dollars a year, and. is required to give bond of half a million dollars, while the postmasters in many smaller cities, where the labors are light and the bonded responsibility small, receive the same compensation. THE POSTAL CAR QUESTION. The returns from the railroad companies, so far as they have been made. Bince July 1, indicate that the compensation of the Tailroads.
under the new postal law, will be very considerably increased. The new law gives them compensation according to the weight of the mails, the distance run and the facilities offered. The increased compensation does not arise from an increase in the amount of mail matter carried, but from a more equitable adjustment of the rate of compensation to the services rendered. At the same time the rail roads maintain that they are still insufficiently paid, and in case the report of the Senate select committee should be adverse to their interests, it is understood that they will make a formidable combination to secure an increased amount of pay. The railroad companies maintain that they are not paid as much now for carrying the mails as they were twenty years ago, notwithstanding the fact that they have been induced to build postal cars for the accommodation of postal clerks and.
special agents of the Government, to they are obliged to furnish free transportation. They argue that they receive less for the transportation of the mails than they do for the very lowest class of freight, which requires no care, and is transported without an agent to watch it. UNITED STATES MARINE HOSPITAL 8EB- i It is expected that the Navy Department in the next Congress will attempt to procure the passage of a bill placing the marine hospital service of the United States under the control of that department. The reason assigned is the desire ox tne aepanmeni to create more land Btations for the naval surgeons. The naval hospitals are now maintained at very great expense, the cost being much greater in proportion than that of the marine hospital service, which is under the management of In manv nlaces the naval hospitals are lo cated adjacent to the United States ma rine ao8pitais, wnen one oi tne nospitats is adequate for tbe necessities of the service.
At Key West, there is a naval vessel, the Pawnee, fitted up as a hospital and maintained at au enormous cost, for the treatment of about twelve sick seamen, while, on the land at the same there is a United states marine hospital in tine condition, also supported by the Government and capable of taking care of all naval patients. Fancy Drinks. BIBULOUS INFORMATION FOR THE BENE- KIT OF- THIRST SMILKKS. SOME OF THE MYSTERIES OF AMERICAN i BAR KEEPING. From iheNewTork Sun.
A Sun reporter, on account of the sudden importance of Amerioan' drinks abroad, especially at the Vienna Exposition, and in the belief that informa-iou concerning him would be of interest to the Sun'a readers, was started out recently with his mouth full of bibular questions. was told of a barkeeper by whom tne alluring amalgamation of liquors with various sweets and sours has been reduced to a science. The re porter found him in a celebrated saloon in lower Broadway, with a glass gracefully poised in one hand and a spoon in i the ether. He threw i some sugar into the glass with the Bpoon, and for an instant it lay there as spotlessly white as a new tombstone. Then he saturated the sugar with water sufficiently to dis solve it.
JNext, He took a little piece each of lemon, pineapple and orange, dropped them into the wet sugar. man for whom he was doing this sighed wistfully, and bis lips moistened with the pleasures of hope, as he leaned over the bar and watched the process of manuiacture. iiut tne oarkeeper was perfectly cool and collected, notwith-, standing his lively gymnastic move-' His arms liew about so fast that 'they looked like the Bpokes of a wheel, with a glass tire, and a face for a hub. Bringing up some tine bits of ice' from the mysterious cavern beneath the conn-ter he threw them into the glass. Then be seized a decanter and tilled the glass nearly full.
The red riuid brought the blush of the roset to compound and turned the bits of ice to rabies. The man for whom he was doing it shifted to his other foot and signed -again, as the bar-tender pushed a funnel shaped tin down over the glass," and shook the two until the contents gurgled -and rattled noisily.1 When the glass and the funnel were parted, the nid was left in the glass, which it now tilled to the brim. Its surf ace, which was a miniature polar sea. with little icebergs in it, and a red sunset glowing over it, was ornamented with two or three berries, lvro straws were inserted, and it was pushed toward man of sighs. 'He was of a convenient height for drinking.
The apex of the straw was level with his mouth as the slaas stood before him on the counter. He encircled the glass caressingly with one hand, took tbestraw gently between the forefinger and thumb of the other, closed his eyes blissfully, and the 11 aid disappeared like dew. before a morning sun. I SEEKING INFORMATION. What do yon call that drink asked the reporter.
i The bar-keeper smiled pityingly, yet kindly. that's a claret punch," he said, and a great favorite in hot THE GREAT AMERICAN DRIKKi "They may talk a i they please about fancy drinks," continued the bar-keeper, in answer to another query, but the meat American drink is a -cocktail. More of them are sold to cultivated drinkers than all other drinks" together, i They are made of -every imaginab'e liquor, from gin to champagne, and so hi every stomach. They are made of gum, bitters, and whatever liquor is called for. you squirt in the bitters, then the gum for ftweetening, and then the broken Lee in tumbler.
JNext put liquor, stir it up with a spoon to cool it: strain it Into a cocktail class, and droD m1 a bit lem on. peei, some annsera want. one variation some- another. trifle of absinthe is of ten put in. called or or not; rUp towntjbaw, especially, have great run on cocktails.
They are a great morning drink a great anti-breakfasts straigbtener-up. 8ourn are the same as' cocktails, with the addition of lime or lemon juice, and they are made hot ia cold weather. Sours and eoektails sup- ply jn first class bars the place of plain liquors. A or. rum straight isn't oiten drank, by gentlemen brandy of teiier, and whisky to some extent.
Some prefer to drink a sour or a cocktail ironj tbe ice, without having it strained nt a small glass, and then it is called a "cooler." Santa Cruz coolers are Bold occasionally. A "fix" is any liquor with only sugar and water, leav-, out the bitters and lemon peel. Some-5 times a man will call tor gin or with a little lemon juice in it, or with bitters only and such drinks are classed as A Jersey man's call Is often for gin. rum and '1 ANOTHER FAVORITE. "Mint juleps," added the expert, "are a great American drink in summer, and tbe showiest of them all.
The American bartenders in Vienna write that it has had the greatest sale there. A julep is really about the same as a punch, excepting the mint. First you put in the sugar, and then two or three aprigs of mint macerated witb. a spoon; next the liquor and the ice, decorating with Sieces of fruit and another sprig of mint, randy is the liquor supposed to be used, but sometimes rye whisky is mixed. I use brandy with a dash of rum or peach brandy, if we have it.
Here, as in other mixed drinks, come in the tastes of the drinkers, and even giu is called for in More skill is required to make a perfect mint julep than almost any other Too much mint spoils it too little makes it lose its distinctive flavor. I think it better to cool it by stirring the ice than' to shake it in tbe tin cooler, but that may be only a fancy of mine. Every barkeeper has his own notions about those things. A jalep made right is my idea of a perfect hot weather drink. But it is very deceptive.
The brandy makes it a stiffer drink than, it tastes, because the mint hides it, and it doesn't take many of them to lay a man out. A good many lovers of juleps- very likely don't know that brandy is the liquor used, i Others are smart enough to have them made weak, or of rum, and only a little branay." FASHION IN DRINKS. Do drinks go out of fashion asked the reporter. Certainly," replied Mr. Green there are fashions in drinks as well as in clothing.
A few years ago all sorts of cordials had a rage, but they didn't last long; They came from France, and solid American drinkers didn't take to them. They are never called for now. New drinks are constantly being invented by Eoraebody, and slight variations of old drinks get new names. A man tries an experiment on some combination, and likes it. He tells his friends about it, aud they try it.
If it strikes their taste they give it some kind of a name, and sometimes it gets a great run. Barkeepers must keep all the new-fangled drinks in their heads, for some men like to puzzle them by calling for something they don't know how to mate. A' good many drinks are invented in club houses. The New York club bas a peculiar cocktail. It is made of the best brandy and several different kinds of bitters, and they always want it shaken in ice, not stirred.
The Amaranth club has a cocktail made with seltzer, and the Manhattan club has invented another. Barkeepers' the big saloons invent specialities and keep the ingredients and proportions secret. Some of them, too, strike tbe right proportions for some popular drink, and get something of a reputation on. it. The of it spreads among the patrons of the bar, and by keeping the method to himself, he has a monoply.
Then others watch him and try to get the process in that way. I knew fellow who spent a good many dollars, and got drunk a good many times, trying to find out the peculiarity of a certain barkeeper's cocktails but tbe secret lay in some kind of bitters that the barkeeper put in, and it couldn't be got i I AN ENDLESS i How many different drinks can be had at a first-class American barf" asked the reporter. I Well. I suppose more than a hundred," was the answer. "It would take a dictionary to hold the names and how tbey are made.
Those that may be regarded as standard American I fancy drinks are cocktails and punches, but the combination of liquors, names and proportions puzzles even a barkeeper to keep in his head. Why, just take brandy alone. It goes into toddies, sours, fixes, cocktails, smashes, cobblers. juleps, punches, egg-noggs, milk punches, crus-tas, champarelles and spli- s. Then, too, it is drank with soda, ginger, ale, bitters, gum, cider, ginger, peppermint and all kinds of mineral waters.
Now rum, gin. and whisky, and some of the wines, are jnst as open to variations. So," when yon come to give the. same drink two or three names, yon see what a variety it makes. Among the old drinks enough in vogue to be occasionally called for, are Roman punch, cream soda punch, morning glory, brandy tea, orgeat fmoch, vermouth, cocktail.
Cape Hol-and, punch royal, seringue, St. Louis squirt, white lion, lemon punoh, dry claret cup, albina punch, sea breeze, goldfinch, St. Croix tip, Balti-, timore egg-nogg, claret saugaree, eye-opener, Knickerbocker, metropolitan pntich. pectoral. porteree, phlegm cutter and Saratoga shanghai.
i i SOMETHING NEW AND NICEl '1 What is the newest thing in drinks asked the reporter. -i besides hari-kari, there is what we call crescent. It. isn't much called for, because few know anything about it yet. But it is a tearing good drink.
You set the glass like this," and he placed it on the counter in front of him, and crack an egg on the edge of it. This takes some skill and a steaay hand. Yon mustn't break the egg entirely, just crack the shell on one side. Then you hold it over the glass and let the- yolk drain into it. Then put in your sugar; about three-fourths of a wineglass of Santa Cruz, some sherry, and fill up with milk.
A little touch of brandy won't hnrt it. Shake it op in ice, or stir i and there you are. It wouldn't make a bad hot drink, either, and it may get a run next, winter. Eggs make a rich drink anyhow. Au egg in a glass of sherry, sweetened and strained into a wine glass, with a sprinkling of nutmeg, makes a Hip.
But eggs go more into winter drinks, such as 'Torn and Jerries, hot egg noggs, and some kinds of toddies. Ginger ale is coming into use now, and a lot of new drinks will be the consequence. As the new one comes in the old one goes out. There seems to be room for only about so many, and notional drinkers are always ready to take to new-fangled drinks. Some' of the discarded drinks, once fashionable, are auotdon punch, mystery punch, muffler, flummery.
Philadelphia split, crin chocolate, set-up, cider egg-nogg, soda egg. nogg, uutcn morning glory, sootch champagne, and knickerbine. We get a call for some of them once in a while, and then nothing else will do. The oust tomer, though, as likely as don't know whether he gets it or not, so long as the drink tastes new to him. 1 DRINKS THAT KICK LIKE A HORSE.
"Can you give me any idea of the relative intoxicating qualities of American "Nothing definite. You see. a good deal depends on' the capacity of the drinker; Hot brandy drinks, made very stiff, kick some men over like a horse. Mint juleps, as I said, are mighty deceptive, and go to some men's heads before know it. Mixing drinks, as -the saying bad policy.
Mixed drinks knock a man- all of a suddens But always caution a man when I think he is getting too much and, doesn't know iW then, too, most bar-, keepers weaken the drinkB aa the drinker weakens. 'Why; I have actually given a man nothing but gum and bitters! in a cocktail, with about a teasnoon-ful of liqnor to flavor it, and lie lidn't know, the When he gets too drunk I refuse to sell him any more." Then he goes to a cheap bar, "where the' fancy drinks are all ice, and the little liquor in them is i bad where the bartender squeezes the with dirty fingers, or an old sour wooden squeezer where the straws' are all fly-specked and stained 'inside from having been used before where the sugar is fall of ants and the tin cooler is too much dented to fit the tumbler and where the clumsy bartender wipes up the sugar and liquor he- has spilled with a dirty cloth." AT THE VIENNA EXPOSITION, "Do yoa know anything about the quality of, the Ameiican drinks sold in "Vienna!" Nothing bat what I'to heard, The bars there have all been yoa know, and the bartenders are on their way home now. Jack Kelley and Geo. Hall are expected in a few days. I have heard that the drinks sold over there were a libel on America that the poorest of liquors were used.
The charges were pretty high, but so were the expenses including the money paid to the commissioners. Cocktails cost about fifty cents, cobblers and punches sixty cents, and plain liquors from thirty to seventy cents. FASHIONABLE ITOTEL DRINKS. An expert bartender in an np-town hotel furnished interesting information as to high-toned drinks. The most seductive drink, he said, was one oom-ponnded by Prof.
Mapes and Mr. E. F. Barry, tbe artistic julep compiler at the Everett House. It is called tbe Moral Suasion," and is made by placing a tea-spoonful of sngar in a tumbler moistened with a little lemon juice, a wineglass of peach brandy, a little Caracoa, a table-spoonful of Benedictine, a tumbler of shaved ice, a dash of cognac, seasoned and ornamented with strawberries and slices of orange, lemon ana pineapple.
Mr. Barry makes his John Collin's morning soother by mixing' a tablespoon-ful of powdered sugar, the juice of half a lemon, a wine glass of Old Tom gin, a bottle of plain soda, stirred with ioe, and a slice of lemon peel. Some educated drinkists substitute brandy for the gin. Royal beverages. At the time of Alexis's visit Mr.
Barry compounded what is called the Grand Duke's nectar. Alexis was fond of quaffing this nectar. It is made by moistening a teaspoonful of sugar with lemon juice, pouring in a wine glass of brandy, a little chartreuse, a table-epoontul of cold black tea, half a wine glass of Jamaica rum, a pony of champagne, shaken in a tumbler of fine ice, ornamented with slices of orange and lemon. The Prince Regent punch is composed of a wine glass of brandy, half a wine glass of Jamaica rum, a teaspoonful of raspberry syrup, a tablespoonf ul of cold green tea, the same quantity of peach brandy, a tumbler of fine ice, well stirred and strained, with a small slice of orange on top. The Rob Roy cocktail is made with a little gum syrup, two dashes of Angos-tora, a few drops of oychette cordial, in a tumbler filled with fine ice, strained.
j. I Important Business. i From the St. Louis Republican, A Mrs. Leach, of New Orleans, is in trouble in York, and if she finds Mr.
Leach, her husband, she promises to make some unpleasantness for him, and intends to stick to him until she reclaims him to the path of virtnu. Mr. Leach is a sea captain, and until about six years ago made his home in New Orleans, between voyages. He told his wife one day that he had very important business at the North, which would keep him away from her and his four ehildren a considerable length of time. He left without giving Mrs.
Leach a' very clear idea of what the business was. He wrote regularly, and she endured the long teparation uncomplainingly, until about a year ago, ben the correspondence on his part suddenly ceased. Mrs. Leach packed her trunk and went to New Yolk. There she heard that William Lench was living in Trenton.
N. J. To Trenton she went, bnt could find no resident of that place who an-anbwered to tbe name of William Leach. 6be bad heard her William had property in Trenton, and went to the office of the county clerk, but could not find the name. She then bethought herself that if William Leach had any object in concealing his identity, as she now suspected, he would probably take the name of Drake, which wsb his mother's.
On ex-Hinination it was ascertained that Wm. Drake had property near Trenton, and hither Mrs. Leach and the City Marshal went. They found a house and a woman in it, who said she was William Drake's wife. At first she was very uncivil, but Hd ally the marshal was dismissed and Mrs.
Leach and: Mrs. Drake had a long interview. They satisfied themselves hat William Drake was no other than William Leach. He had gone to New York on a curious errand. He was having a law-suit with the Trenton woman for marrying him, having a husband already, and laid his damages at (3000.
He was then in New York hunting up witnesses. The two women found that they had a common interest in following Leach, and they both started off to New York to hunt him. At last accounts they had not found him. When he takes a view peculiar situation he will probably drop the suit against the Trenton woman, which will De satisfactory to her, and return to his first wife, which will suit her. If this should be the result it will be an instance of two wrongs making a right.
editorial correspondence of the American gossips pleasantly about German girls and German babies: Germany, wherever females can be employed, they are taken in preference to yoang men. -At Munich the clerks and book-keepers in the banks are! nearly; all young andi handsome girls. At the depots many of those who uttend the windows for the sale of tickets are girls, and the cashiers in all tbe cafes and restaurants are of the same sex. They are generally very expert at figures, and in mental arithmetic have no superiors. It speaks well for the sex that they are seeking and securing more desirable and lucrative employment, and it may possibly arise from the fact that the young men are generally of the 'fast" order, and are not to be relied upon in positions of trust.
The babies of Germany are not alio wed as large a liberty as those of Ameroa. They are. for the better part of the first year of their pilgrimage, tightly wound up in swaddling clothes with both arms and legs pinioned, and carried, about on a pillow especially made for the purpose. After they escape from their wrappings a bag of feathers is tied on their backs, bo that when they tumble over they have something to fall upon. The nurses on the streets generally carry the babies in their arms on a pillow, and they are tied ft with pink-ribbons, lying as still and as motionless aa if they were little mummies.
cannot kick or use their arms, and evidently they are not allowed to know what their legs and arms are intended for. It is observed that German ladies, when they buy babies in America, don't attempt such -tyranny, pecuniary resnjts to France by the late war with Germany have been 'summed up as follows 1 War findenfnitv. -franr interest on the same for two years, francs the keep of the German troops, 273,637,0004 francs requisitions, 327,581 francs: value ot objects taken without requisition 254,172,000 francs war contribution levied on Pans francsi- and so on till the account forms a total of 6,673,812,000 francs, But this enormous sum is exclusive of pensions to the army, the damage done to material and tbe expenses of reorganization, which will swell the total to 13 francs. sTbe average value of a day's work in France is one frano and a quarter and thus it take man 10,000,000,000 days, or one million of men thirty years, to work it out. 1 'Philadelphia young ladies are quite celebrated for -their dexterity bowling i at Cape May and Atlantic City.
They appear to hare a decided taste for the healthful and usually spend the greater portion of the morning in the ten-pin alley, on the walls of which are recorded the brilliant deeds in -matters of "ten strikes," "cocked hats" and spares" of Misses Brown, Jones and Robinson, of the City. Aetr- York Mail. A bine heron, a rare species, was cap tnred in Washington township, Lehigh-county, recently. AFTJEB A DIVORCE. Jrs.
Addle wm tet adipose. With a iTennyaon's) tip-Ultod nose And sbs came in(u court. With a sort of cavort, And coaitMuano red i a rose. Her dock ot a bonnet wit intU, Tipped lorwsrrt fill ready tall Like the Mother (ioo- Homptr, Of patronyiue IMtmpty. Mho couldn't tay up a the wall.
She came into court, and she sat In a chair-It was full (she was lat), With a ataro at the miners, And penny -a-linera, And lawyers, and Judge, and all that. 8ne a tared with tbe stare At tbe boodluina aurrouiuuug bar there i And ev'ry one cald, -By toe ot her hea She'd discount the aweet Mra. Fair. One miner of old '9. Wbe'd panned out i he bloom of his mine In a high-colored nose.
Said: "if she ain't arose, Juatoay I ain't much on opine." The sheriff cried. "Silence!" The CO art Inquired if she'd a tort; Her counsel aald, Yea," That ahe wanted redress, i And have it ahe certainly ort. The man that had married her couldn't. Or didn't or hadn't, or wouldn't. Support the petitioner, Clot be, feed, nor physician her And stay with him longer ahe ehooldnt.
had'nt been light In 111 treating her, But possibly never had beaten her (Here old 49 To his pard did opine, 1 "He might have as easily eaten These points were all read in rotation A form oi su-per-e-ro-gation And no obo replying, i Nor any denying, She won her decree Uke tarnation. Then Addle went ont aa ahe entered. The object where all eyes were centered, Aa gushing a dsnisel. Restored to be Mam'selle, As ever to wedlock dissenter d. 'So word had the court of -hen peck heard.
Nor bow the poor man had been checkered; But the law took Its course In a bandy divorce. And you cannot go back on the record. It's getting aa common as lying, This slipping the noose without trying; And marriages soon May revolve with tbe moon, And keep all ihe furnittre hying. bad, there Is nothing untruer Than some styles ot masculine wooer But usually there Is reason to swear That the done'a rather worse than the doer. Reese River Reveille.
Mexico. SEXOIt MINISTER MAR ISC A INTERVIEWED IN NEW YORK. Senor Ignacio Mariscal, of Mexico, a lkpublican diplomatist, has arrived in New York. Minister Mariscal an-thorizeB the following statement: There is no truth, whatever in the rumor that the newly-elected Mexir can Congress is opposed to American enterprise. All that can be yet known of new Congress is that the majority of Its members support the new Leido Administration, and that many old members have gone out of office, new ones, whose names were hardly, known outside of their respective dis-, tiicts, being elected to fill the vacancies.
Minister Mariscal says that, judging from the results of the late elections, there is room to believe the new Congress will be very favorable toward interests. Lerdo de Teiada favors them, and, as his administration will Lave a majority of votes, it is clear that the Congress, as a parliamentary body, cannot be unfriendly to Americans. No reasonable person could make an assertion to the contrary for, as Congress will not meet until the month of September, and as many of its members elect aie partly unknown to the public, it is manifestly absnrb to define its future action on any given question many weeks before it has verified even its preparatory meetings. Persons desirous of fomenting bad feelings between the two llepnblics must have invented, he says, this false re-, poit. Perhaps the friends of some railroad enterprise who had been disappointed in their projects, and are destitute of both brains and of capital to carry them out.
The English had, he observed, succeeded in the Mexico and Vera Croz liailroad after the expenditure of Thus far Americans had proposed many railroad plans, bat spent no capital in carrying them out. Ihe same also held good with mining speculations. Gen. liosecrans had laid before the Government andjCon-grefs a plan for the construction of a narrow gauge road. Mr, Plumb had a rival project for, a standard gauge road.
This gentleman's scheme, was better combined, more reasonable and acceptable to the country. The Vera Cruz and Mexico Railroad was of the sort known as standard gauge. The American roads now being built through Texas and the Southwestern Territories were also of the same gauge; it was therefore reasonable tor the Mexican authorities to select this gauge, which would enable new roads to be hereafter constructed to interlace, by. using the same breadth of track as those already in use or being built. For these reasons the scheme of Mr.
Plumb had been preferred to that of Gen. liosecrans, and the; former gentleman had received Ironi the Executive concessions but these concessions only await; the approval of the Congress. It could not, therefore, be said with the shadow of tinth either that the new Congress or the Government of Mexico! were in any way opposed to American interests. On the contrary, it must appear to every impartial observer that Mexico anxiously desires the co-operation of foreign capital, especially from the United States, to assist in developing' the rich resources' and to bring to light the untold treasures lying dormant in the rich valleys' and, mountains throughout the. country, that but await Uie touch of Intelligent industry to spring into fountains of richness and life.
It bas also been telegraphed, said the Minister, that an intrigue was on foot in Mexico having for its aim the traneterof Lower California, to Germany. This mmor is entirely, unfounded. The Minister here cannot say. what intrigues may be going on in the city of Mexico, bnt he is certain there is none of this' that receives countenance from the' Administration. The most unpopular act that any administration could" do would' be 'a proposition to alienate any portion of the public domain.
"The of the nation is firmly 6et "against- Any such project, and the bare mention of it would precipitate the fall of any Ministry, no matter how popular, -Indeed, the Executive is powerless to initiate or carry out such a measure. Mexico has no idea of parting with her i territory. It may 1 be true that some Germans have gone to work or otherwise improve the peninsula of California; but the citizens of the United States or those of any other country, are not only free to do the same, bnt tbey are even invited by the liberal colonization laws of the Republic to go there, settle, make a home, and to ail intents and purposes enjoy the same rights and privileges as those who are born in the land. Mexico has already alienated enough of territory, and she has resolved to part with do more. Were she willing to do so it.
is very natural to suoDOse that the United States, a bordering friendly nation, of the same kind of government as Mexico, and not a European-monarchy, would have the nret otter, uermany is a powerful nation and on terms of friendship with Mexico; still there exists more sympathy between renublican eov- ernmentsthan niay be--expected -be tween a repuDiic. ana a monnrcnicat fonn. Persons need not be alarmed that Mexico will invite or encourage any infringement of the Monroe America should rather, he thinks, look, to what is now going on in Cuba than turn the public eve to wards Mexico. She can take care of herself. If anything is being done against the Monroe doctrine Mexico is not the offending power.
Cuba should claim a share of American at tention. Iron Ship Building, St. Loola Republican. W- 1 A. Al.
increased and increasing cost of iron increasing in Eng- land and the rapid development of 4 1 1 uie iron uaae ot uiis country ouguc to be an impetus to the construction of i iron shiDS in the United States and there is little doubt that such an impetus will be given if Congress shall so reduce the tariff and amplify tne tree list as to mane building materials other tban iron cheap. Hith erto iron vessels nave oeen built in England so much cheaper than they couia be nunc in tnis country that we could not afford to build them at all. and the result has been the decline of our commerce and the transfer of our carrying trade to British, French and Geiman vessels. Bat when British ironj becomes as dear as American iron the chief of the causes that has destroyed our shipping interest is neutralized; and if our saiplbuilders could get other materials, such as lumber, paint, copper, cordage, fieeof duty, we should witness a revival of ship-building that would in time restore our carrying trade to nr own hands. The Secretary of the Treasury, in 1871, estimated that superior machinery and knowledge of together with cheap iron, coal and other materials and labor gave the British ship-builder an advantage of 30 per cent, over his American rival.
As to the superiority of the British machinery and knowledge of the business, it did not else, why did it not prevent us fronj building ships prior to the accession of the 1 Republican party, in 18G1 As to the advantage which cheap iron, coal and other materials and wages give to theBritish builder, it is being rapidly dissipated by the increasing cost of all these elements. Henceforth, the ships that constitute the great governing lines and do the carrying trade between this country and Europe must be built of iron, and iron is now. as dear in England as in this country. In a few years it will probably become dearer, and we shall soon begin to send iron to that country, for is no doubt that our iron-masters can afford to sell iron 20 per cent. less tban present prices, and still do a flourishing business.
Cheaper iron would give a great impetus to ship-building, and 6hip-building, once fairly revived, would give a great impetus to iron-making, -by creating a new demand for it and tbe whole country would- be immensely benefited by this concurrent growth of two great interests. Some of our iron masters' apprehend that the present high prices of iron will induce too much capital to embark in the business and overdo it. But there is less danger of overdoing this branch of manufacture than any other, for the reason that the demand for iron among civilized peoples is increasing at a more rapid rate than the production. The uses of iron are continually mul tiplying it is taking the place, of wooa, stone ana nore many oi cue arts and the demand for it in this country, already insatiable, is so steadily growing that there is little danger of an over production. If, in addition to all the uses for iron we now have, we are to be Kin the building of iron ships, it will take all the furnaces we now have and as many mote, to supply the demand for the next twenty years.
Neyv Safeguards of Navigation i From the Sew Vork Herald. One of the most important papers recently contributed to science was read on the 22d ult, before the American Association, at Portland, by Prof. William A. Rogers, on the safety of ships at sea. The elaborate data brought forward by the author of the paper reveal.
the startling fact that tbe i percentage of wrecks since 1858 ha 8' been steadily increasing. In the case of British shipping. the percentage since that year has ralann-ingly risen from thirty-eight to fifty-seven, while in one year, with a de-'" crease of four per cent, in the number ships, the wreckage was twenty-one per cent, in excess. The conclusion reached by the Professor was that -nearly three-fourths of these disasters at sea were preventable, and he showed, that a very large proportion of -vessels go to the bottom that the owners may get the insurance. i But chief valne of rim narwir' wad the light it sheds upon the chron (metric sources of error on board ship and the demonstration -of the unreliability of nice determinations of a vessel's position.
To this prolific source of Marine casualties is rightly charged the augmented percentage of wrecks, and nothing of greater moment to commerce and mankind can be discussed. A few days ago we had the loss of the City of Washington, without any satisfactory reason' for it is certain that had that vessel lost her reckoning and'eveiy instrument by which to determine if, hercomraaTrrfer might have safely, navigated" her inshore by the water thermometer and the lead. The time hasarrivedwhen navigators sailing on this great thoroughfares of trade, instead of trusting only to the guidance and glimmer of the i stars overhead a dependence which ever fails when most? needed; in the hour of stoi in or fog should also employ 'the thermometer and learn to feel their way in almost perfect security. Franklin, with his great practical mind, discovered nearly a century aero that the seaman, in approaching our coasts, could steer with the greatest certainty the blackest weatherby thermometric tests of the warm Gulf Stream cur- ranf a st a w. A friend Williams, who made a 4 voyage from Boston to try the scheme, sailed almost as ly without a compass as with one.
bis experience has ever since kZ cited by the most eminent navi-jO as conclusive proof of the creatTa1 of thermometrical navigation. Wk'2 the present current charts, accessip xxjunucir, aro properly they will enable them to mark clearly the position of the ship otner ueiermmanon is impossihl; clearly, to use old WilliamVs oh as if the stripes of water wera and blue." i fv But, beside this thermomeK, guide, the- befogged or weatker-r i den seaman; when Hearing land the sounding line to tell him withi lew luties jubb wiiere ae is. Tli are rapidly progressing and are iT tensely practical, for we vT. they will ultimately cive graphic chart of tbe sea bottom. plateaus, and all its topograDhT be able to very nearly tell his position by the lead.
Prof. Pierce, of tbS Iiocers's naner. arcned that ings, made compulsory by law via prove the only safeguard of stunt ana snowea Dy tne nicest astrooomii rnniir ncnalltr srT on aavwk a wuJ miles, and very as much a sixty miles, without taking intoae-count errors from compass deviation and other sources. The Amerkaa tbe Atlantic, so much so that fin Ka. sailing directions assure the cautious chart, find the marks raider-foot so plain that he cannot, if he yrm try them, get unknowingly into th2 dangers of the shore.
Them fan no doubt that the agitation of tLs suojeci uiscussea oy me association at Portland will do great good, Bat it suggests, what the Herald, as echoing the people, has often contended extensive Government deep-Be explorations and' coast survevs nH other similar researches for obtauunr data requisite for more accurate and complete ocean-current charta. if Prof. Pierce's plan of making lead navigation compulsory, by law, under given circumstances, were agitated by? the underwriters and the press, wmight be spared many such unutterable horrors as onlyyesterday, it Ki'ms, uie reiegrapn nasnea to us from Meagher's Rock. The Govern- through its various well-prepared bureaus, as -well as it navy, coast survey and through special expeditions sent ont, cannot too soon begin the of submarine survey and cartoirraphy and the ex ploration of? all oceanic phenomena, the knowledge of whicn would make the.trackof the mariner on the high. seas as easy to nnd as the path of the Western woodsman through the forest after the trees have been blazed by his axe.
CHAS. T. NASH. W. t.
HODGS05. NASH HODGSON, Auctioneer and Real Batata Office, No. 3 CaroadeleC atreet. Fenner'a Court Bf errin to tbe above cart, the uadersigMa. rbaBkfnl lur put favora.
take Miia meihoa ot ia-fuimloa; their friends and Uie public that tU partners are bow in tbe city, readr for ae baav uras. aad bavinar mature-it aacialactorv amai. ments. tbey are more fully prepare than aver loiraaaactuieueaeraiAaeuonanaKealc-ataU buMDrss in all Vlielr details, either in city or eubnrbaa, properties, planiaUona or latxka, ar outdoor aalea ot anr ana everr deacrroDon. aad -would aaost respecttnlly solicit for tueir firm a air share of tbe baalnesa In tlieir line, coaugt-la of galea of vacant and improved anoeeeaton and syndic sal.a, aalesol bankrni estates, aaie oc mercaanaise ana proaaea.
tore, wareliouse. on ahiDboard. or in bond: aalea of damaired covum and cargo sales aae for account ot TJnderwritera, or tor whom tt may concern Portwaraen sale sal en of atocki, scrips, aeenrittea. household furniture, tiTs stock, boptoar by tbeir oombined eeerciaa and attention to Uie interests those who may employ, tbeir services, to merit a ooutiauaaca of Uie natronaee heretofore so liberallv ba- atowed upon them. tUAHLCS -i.
ASH. w. i vino Howfc-oir. TSvw Orleans, Sept. 1.
1873. au81-Im eod lCda HOPE COMPJLVI Ot tiBW ORLEANS. H7COBPOBATED, APKLL, 1S57. Office, No. 31 Cam Btreet, Caall Capital, paid np in Oft Amount of dividends paid in casd.
530.K1 ATauahle assets This company insures against lire. Marts and Kiver risks at tbe lowest rates, giving ts parties Insuring the privilege ot a rebate ot snare la the profits of the company. Therefore the assured, however small bis premium mar ean participate In the dividend without being- a stockholder. Losses promptly adjusted. HENRY FKTCHAUD, FresidtBt.
JNO. I. ADAM Vice PreaiileaL LOUIS BA.BNITT. Secretary. i DIKECTOKS.
Too. I. Adams of Jne. I. Adams 4 Co J.
Denis; W. Alex, tiordon Henry Abrabam. at uuntBii, Abraham -o. iaoorae oi si nan. lAborde; M.
I. Kavra, or ravra Ofioer P. Malochce A. Oiraud; it. Paycaaaa.
am 73 ly bnsap DE. J. Q. B. SUUUn aV OR' ANGOSTURA BITTERS.
ICaaufaetared la dadad Bolivar (tormerty Aa coatura), Veaeaela Thee Sitters are jaatly flalebnted tat mvlaltit fciTOT and gtmt medlciBal TlrMiM -ere awarded "HONORABT.X FOB BOPHUOKITY OP Xatnuitlal EtUWH loi, Mtt -f i TJsed aa aroaiatlo mlituie with as Spirits, an Invaluable Tonic, and aa a HI fit sat preventtveof TJiarrbcaa, Cholera, eta SOLD. DTJTT PAH) A5TD IS B03TO fOl IXPOBT. BT Sale Aaaal mm PaJeate fr Cbw PXtsw SlaieaV iro. It Cedar atreet. If.
T. -1 -i HMXDT 2ISOLXB. Bole t. 9 1 KewXevee atreet, CAUnOBTl-Tna publie waiaed aataat tbe many false Annetura Bitters effaTed ale, bearinir Imitated CUnaares and CXroaiat. el Tl eodir i KoiggTxaa lxCK-STITCH FAIOXT IEWIHO KACHIXTJB world la pert action -trentta and beaaty of aCtch.
darabUltr eonstructioa aad rapifllty of motion. CaU and examine, aad far aceaetes a eolar apply at the principal BXXX3 8IWTKO' SCACHIKX COXTaJT 2871-eed ft Wly 9tt BroadwV..
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