The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 2, 1955 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, September 2, 1955
Page:
Page 3
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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER I, WSO BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) 1 COURIER NEWS PAGE THREI AMERICAN SOLDIERS IN RED PRISON: This Communist-made photo of U. S. prisoners in China was brought back in January by the U. N. Secretary General. The three men pictured were among the Pitfall in the POW Code: 11 recently freed and sent to U. S. Left to right: Airman 2/e Daniel C. Schmidt, Scotia, Calif.; Airman 2/c Harry M. Benjamin, Jr., Worthington, Minn.; 1st Lt. Wallace L. Brown, Banks, Ala. Danger Lies in Giving Men Prisoner of War Psychology By DOUGLAS LARSEX XEA Staff Corresondpent WASHINGTON — (NBA) — There is a pitfall ahead for the services in the new "code of conduct" for U, S. prisoners of war which has just been proclaimed by President Eisenhower. It is explained by a high ranking Army officer: "For the first time In the history of the Army we will concentrate on training troops how to be model prisoners of war. Yet becoming.prisoners of war is the last thing In the world we want to happen to them. "The danger of too much emphasis on training for possible capture by the enemy is that we might be giving: the men a I'CMV psychology. If we overdo It we can get the idea across (hat capture Is a normal thing to expect in combat. Yet the fjoal is to Lrain troops to assume that victory is the only normal result of com- baL" The danger of creating a "POW psychology" In the Army is aggra- vatcd by the tacncal doctrine which j is being developed for the event ' of atomic warfare. It calls for the maximum dispersal ol small troop units. Under this condition the temptation and opportunity to surrender will be prt'si. No clearly denied from line will tsisi and many unit* will appear 10 be hopelessly surrounded for lung periods ol fighting before the outcome of a battle is decided. The victory uiU depend on the ability of all of the wauered units to continue fighting longer than the enemy. The Marine Corjis is also aware of this problem. And. although it isn't quite f?o senou. 1 - a in alter to the Air Force and Navy because or the type of warfare they w.ige, training ex pens from those senu^s will be wary of this dunger, they say. The special committee \\hicli drew up the new code, headed by Caner L. Burgess, assistant secretary oi defeiiM? for manpower, was also keenly aware of ihe danger of creating a "POW psychology," merely by makinii such n cocie. This accounts for the second paragraph of it. which reads: "I will never surrender of my own free nil!. If in command, I will never surrender my men while thcyj still have the means to resist." ! All of the services have begun an j intensive study of (heir training ! programs to dc-tfcrmine how the re-1 fiuiremcnts ot' the new code can be, met. Gen. John E. Hull, vice chairman ff the code committee, s:i>s thiii »11 of the nmn, will not ueeLS- saiily be forced to mnnonzi 1 tnr cone. Nor will they have to take an oath to live up to it. "U'e prefer to have them understand H rather than merely be able to recite it word for word," Gen. Hull explains. To achieve this all of the services are expected to devote some time to study of the eocie during basic training. "And from then on until a man gets into combat he will not be permitted to forget it-," a high Army training officer promises. Already plans are being made to indoctrtne the troops with the facts of the code by motion pictures, lectures and through training manuals. A specific recommendation by the | committee is for the creation oi I special courses which will teach i American soldiers all of the tricks i and techniques on "the ways and means of resisting enemy interrogators." The officers of all services will also be given special instructions on how to continue to exercise their authority under POW conditions. Woman Wants Farmer Jury At Her Overplanting Hearing HARRISBUBG, Pa. (*—A woman charged with overplanting her wheat acreage allotment on a 70- acre dairy farm at nearby Hum- melstou says she wants to be tried by a jury of farmers. Miss Elsie Mumma was sued for $403.20 penalties by the federal government yesterday for over- planting of her allotted six acres in 1954. In denying the overplanting charges, she said wheat she planted In 1954 was used for feed which she would have had to purchase if it were not raised on her farm. "My ancestors pioneered this land in 1624," she said, "and us long as I own the land, pay the taxes, pay the debts and ask for no aid from the government, the land is mine to have, to hold, to govern, to protect, to plant, to harvest, and no one has a right to enter upon the land without my permission or without a warrant of law. I will fight to defend my right." Mother Charged with Killing Child NEW YORK W) — The case of mentally disturbed woman, who reportedly admitted she drowned her 2'/ 2 -month-old son when its crying panicked her, goes before a Felony Court judge today. Tile mother, Mrs. Christine Tege- rides, 22, was quoted as confessing hours after she faked a kidnap This is expected to be done at the service academies, at officer candidate schools and in other officer schools. The code committee cited instances of the failure of officers to maintain discipline, take proper command of the men in their camps and get camp conditions as clean and livable as possible. Many POWs died because of this failure by some officers. • * * Another effect of the POW code will be the possible rewriting of several sections of the Uniform Code of Military Justice to spell out POW crimes in more specific detail. The present lack of clear legal language on POW crimes has caused confusion in the prosecution of some of the men charged with violations during their capture in Korea. A final recommendation of the code committee is for an effort by the Department of Defense to get an improvement of the teaching of the principles of democratic government in U. S. schools. The committee found .that many Communist interrogators knew more about the machinery of the U. S. government than their U. S. prisoners. This put the captive Americans at a disadvantage. The Department of Defense will seek the aid of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare in this effort. Visit Our Clock & Gift Department OPEN Fcr General Auto Repair Work BILL'S GARAGE Formerly Hall's Garage 606 W. Ash Phone 3-4618 Owned & Operated hv BH1 Michael A 17-JEWEL WATCH with al! the Features of a *49.50 Watch! Af Just — It's true They said we rouldn't (iffer a watch with all these features at this low price! But wc did it! Of course, there wun't he many on sale, so jou'd better htiro to pick up the watch value, of a lifetime! Don't miss it! OPEN AN ACCOUNT TODAY Down •mini i Meet Uri-if us W. Wear Diamonds Ml. \\ 1ST Vim alarm to cover up the slaying. She was charged with homicide late yesterday. Her husband, Andrew, 23, a lunchroom counterman, told authorities she had been depressed since the birth of the child, Asst. Dist. Any. Beniard M. Patton of Queens County quoted the mother as saying she held the baby under water as she was giving him his first bath in a tub yesterday morning. The mother originally told police that a mystery woman posing as a diaper saleswoman invaded rhe apartment, threatened to kill her and then kidnaped the baby, George, from his crib. The body was later Eound in a closet of the apartment. FAILED EXAM was discharged from the United Point after three years for Uilur* James Whistler, noted artist, States Military Academy At West to pass a chemistry examination. 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