The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 9, 1954 · Page 2
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 2

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, August 9, 1954
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Page 2
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PAGE TWO BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COUEIER NEWS MONDAY, AUGUST f, 1M4 Congress Has Chance to Pass IifiYAnrmn 1 aui |- J — . But Stnatt Hasn't Acttd Yet On President's Requests By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower, in his State of the Union message Jan. 7 3 urged Congress to pass a law taking away the citizenship of a n y o n e convicted "hereafter" of conspiring to advocate the overthrow of the! government by force. Congress is now in position to make this recommendation law quickly, if it wants to. It may not, because of the rush to get home. The House has passed a bill to carry out Eisenhower's idea. The Senate Judiciary Committee has approved a similar one. But the full Senate hasn't acted yet. The idea that a man can be deprived of his citizenship — a native-born or naturalized American — is not new. There are federal laws covering a list of specific offenses for which a man can lose his citizenship. When this happens to him he becomes an alien, even though he is native-born. Here is the list: treason; taking an oath of allegiance to a foreign government; becoming a citizen of a foreign government; serving in foreign military forces; civilian employment in a foreign government; voting in foreign elections; formal renunciation of American citizenship; deserting the armed forces in wartime; departing from or remaining outside of the United States in time of war or during a national emergency with the purpose of avoiding training and service in the armed forces-. Those are the offenses, simplified here for space, under which a man can lose his American citizenship. Some of them were made law in 1907, the rest in 1940. The House and Senate bill would simply add a few phrases to item No. 1 — treason — with this general j effect: A man can lose his citizenship not only for treason but for inciting rebellion against the government or conspiring to advocate its overthrow by force. That phrase — "conspiring to advocate its overthrow by force"—is aimed straight at Communists. It is already a crime — under the Smith act, passed in 1940 — to conspire to teach or advocate forceful overthrow. And dozens of Communist leaders have been convicted under it. Just what would loss of citizenship — also spoken of as loss of • nationality — mean for a native- born or naturalized American? The j Justice Department got up a list to answer that question. This is it: Loss of the right to vote, hold public office by election or appointment, or to serve on a jury. A man who lost his citizenship couldn't get an American passport. He couldn't get the protection of the American government if he fell into trouble overseas. He would lose the right to get back into the j United States, if he left. Under ' various state laws covering aliens he could be barred from several professions, from receiving an inheritance, or from owning real estate. He'd have to register and keep the government informed of his whereabouts; and he'd ,be barred from employment by the federal government and probably all state and local governments. There is nothing in the bills in Congress under which the government could deport a native-born American who lost his citizenship. It would be a little different with a naturalized American Who lost his citizenship. Just losing his citizenship would not make him deportable. He would have to commit some allied offense, such as having concealed membership in the Communist party when he became & citizen. This full loss °f citizenship outlined here is not to be confused with another situation sometimes j misunderstood. When an American is convicted of a felony, such as highway robbery, it is often said he loses his citizenship. He doesn't, j He loses some citizenship rights, j Just what rights he loses depend ! on the laws of the state where he j lives. Rights he loses include j these: the right to vote or hold public office. A felon who loses citizenship rights can have them restored by a governor or the President. But only Congress could restore full citizenship to a man who lost it. LEE WARD to th* right nan f«r CHANCELLOR Vote A«t- It. ttM TO THE VOTERS OF MISSISSIPPI COUNTY: Two years ago the voters of this State elected our neighbor from Jonesboro and our then Chancery Judge, Francis Cherry, Governor of the State of Arkansas at that time turning out of office Sid McMath, Trumann Baker, Orval Faubus and Jim Grain and Orval Faubus were members of Sid McMath's highway commission. For two years we have had honest and efficient State government without any scandal or without any charge of waste or graft For two years we have had no increase in our state taxes and we have had no new state taxes. For two years we have had increased revenues for our schools. Under the 42nd Amendment to the Arkansas Constitution adopted in November 1952, the Arkansas Highway Commission is now composed of five members appointed for two, four, six, eight and ten years; only one vacancy will occur in said commission within the next two years and as a result only one appointment to that commission will be made within the next two years. This law cannot be changed except by a constitutional amendment and a constitutional amendment for that purpose could not be voted upon prior to November 1956. In this manner the people of Arkansas have wisely taken their highway commission out of politics so that the commission does not now change with the change of a Governor and as a result it can build roads where they are most needed, accommodate the most people and without building them in payment of political debts and for purchase of votes as has so often happened in the past. The statement of an individual that he or she will become a member of the highway commission and build certain roads is a play upon the ignorance of the voters as to the law of this State and of the legal status of the highway commission. Regardless of who is elected Governor in 1954 there will only be one vacancy on the State Highway Commission within the next two years- the remaining four officers' terms not expiring. The 1953 legislature referred to the people an act to be voted upon by them in the General Election of November 1954. This is the so-called One Hundred Per Cent Assessment Act. Without going into the merits or demerits of this Act (and it would cure many inequalities in our tax structure) it is a matter that will be determined by the voters themselves in the November General Election. Governor Cherry has stated in political advertising, over radio and television and in public speeches that he will not advocate the passage of this Amendment by the people in November. The Amendment will be defeated regardless of who is Governor and it is not an issue in this campaign. Its injection into the campaign by Faubus is a play upon the lack of knowledge of the people generally as to the contents of this Act. The Governor of Arkansas will have no more to do with the adoption or defeat of this measure in the November General Election than will the Queen of England. \ Orval Faubus would also mislead us regarding the utility rates of this State. Under the law a public utility (such as light, water and gas companies) is entitled to a reasonable prof it on its investment of approximately six per cent. When the rates fail to yield that sum the utilities file a petition with the Public Utility Commiss ion at Little Rock and at the same time they file a bond with some good and solvent insurance company in an amount fixed by that commission. Under the law the new rate immediately goes into effect. As soon as a hearing can be had and proof taken on both sides, the question of the advisability of the increase of rates is decided by the commission. The purpose of the bond is to require the utility to refund the increased rates if the commission should fail to approve them. The commission has no choice or discretion but to allow the rates for the time being when the bond is filed and they stay in effect until the hearing is completed and decided. This has been the law for many years and a Governor has nothing whatsoever to do with any of the rates and could not do anything on it under the law if he wished. A great rhubarb arose over Faubus' attendance at the Communistic school, Commonwealth College at Mena, Arkansas, sometime in 1935. The sum and substance of that is that Faubus publicly stated to the press and in a speech on July 31st that he never attended Commonwealth College a day in his life. The next day Faubus publicly admitted he attended this Communist school only a day or so. The third day, August 21st, Faubus stated he had attended the school only about a week and was not a student there. Faubus himself tells us he was there in February 1935 when he was a 25-year old school teacher. The school paper of that time shows also that he was a leader—president of the Student Council—then in May 1935 that he was chosen to deliver the May Day (Russian July 4th Day) address; the school paper of that date further shows him chosen as a delegate to the Communist Convention in Chattanooga on May 26, 1935; the papers of Chattanooga of that date carry an account of the American Legion's busting up that convention. The question is not whether Faubus is a Communist but whether he lied once- twice or three times. Such a man should never be Governor of the State of Arkansas. . There is only one question in this campaign for the people of Arkansas to decide, and the people are at the political cross-roads. Do we want a continuation of honest, fair, clean State Government such as we have had for the past two years or do we want to return to the type that we had four years under Sid McMath and of which Orval Faubus, Jim Grain, Trumann Baker were part and parcel and in which a "Ministration Orval Faubus was a member of the State Highway Commission? VOTE FOR GOV. FRANCIS CHERRY FOR GOVERNOR FOR SECOND TERM Political Advertisement Paid For By North MUtlMlppI Co«nty Cherry For Go?«mor Commute*, It A. Ntlaon, BlrthevlH*. Ark., Chalrm*». fnlltlcal AflrArtiflcmeal Pali tot by I«t Wartl

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