BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 117 Blytheville Courier JBlytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, AUGUST, 9.. 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Compromise ints at Farm Bill Win Sen. Douglas Proposes Flexible Supports from 85 to 90 Per Cent WASHINGTON (AP). — A compromise was proposed today by one Senate opponent of the administration's flexible farm price supports. The move was tagged by Sen. Aiken (R-Vt) as a sign the administration would win. With a showdown vote to come extension of rigid 90 per cent sup- later today, Sen. Douglas (D-I11) offered a proposal for flexible supports on basic crops at 85 to 90 per cent of parity. Previously Douglas had been among those urging a one-year ROKXrying' To Drive Out Reds-Rhee A-Weapons From U. S. Are Sought WASHINGTON (A P) — President Syngman Rhee says South Korea is "crying" for atomic weapons from the _ T .. _, _. , x , , , ., , - | wa.ij.iuj.ma H.J.IU. ^iiuix juifcui iK.t:xi United States to help it drive j (R . vt ) of the Senate griculture the Communists from the Committee said they are confident Of ports on cotton, wheat, corn, rice and peanuts. "Apparently some of the 90 percent supporters are convinced they can't win'," Aiken, chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee and leader of the floor fight for flexible supports, said. Aiken is pushing for a flexible support range of 80 to 90 per cent of parity. Douglas sought to raise the lower limit of the Aiken proposal from 80 to 85 per cent. The House voted for an 82V2-90 range when it passed the overall farm. bill. The lawmakers are working under an agreement to cut off debate and force a decision on this and several other controversial other controversial issues in the complex federal farm program. Time Limit Set When the Senate convened at noon a five-hour time limit &p- plied to the administration proposal for flexible federal price support of 80 to 90 per cent of parity for five basic crops: Cotton, wheat, corn, rice and peanuts. Parity is a farm product price said by law to be fair in terms of costs the farmer must pay. Majority California leader Knowland of and Chairman iken northern half of Korea. In a copyrighted interview with the magazine U.S. News and World Report published today, Rhee also declared that Britain and France are not anti-Communist nations, and that the United States is restraining him and Chiang Kai-shek from fighting the Chinese Reds by withholding support. Reiterating that South Korea can drive the Communists from the nirthern half of the peninsula, Rhee said, ha.vever, that he is asking the United States "to give us naval support and air coverage" as well as assistance in doubling the 650-000-man South Korean army. Fear Cited During the interview, granted during the 79-year-old South Korean patriot's recent visit to Washington, this exchange occurred: Q. "Would the atomic bombs be useful in such a war (against the Reds in North Korea)?" Rhee: "I told your people: 'You'll never dare use the atomic bombs if you have them piled up like a mountain'." Q. "Why?," Rhee: "They are afraid." .Q "Could you use them in your army?" Rhee: "We are crying for it." Q. "You mean for artillery?" Rhee: "If we had bombs they would be useful." Elaborating on his assertion that Britain and France are not anti- Communist nations, Rhee said: "I think they are afraid of the Soviet and, also, a sufficient number of British subjects have already joined communism. Those people like Winston Churchill must get the votes to stand against communism. If they don't, there won't be anything there. . . "So many French people are already on the Communist side. (Gen. Charles) De Gaulle alone was considered really Anti-Communist." Move Planned Rhee said, xvithout giving dates, that South Korea had planned to move against the Communists in the north since the armistice was signed a little more than a year ago, "but when we were ready to move up, we found our gasoline drums were all locked up." Asked who had done that, Rhee replied: "Those who have the right to control that. . .The United Nations, the Americans, but whoever it is, they began to ration the ammunition to three days' use each time." Rhee said Chiang's Nationalists on Formosa "are willing. . .to go over on the mainland and start some fighting. . .but the United States does not allow that." His own government, Rhee continued, wants to resume fighting with the Communists in the north, but American officials "say we're in a 'peace'," and he added: "So, whenever the Communists, our enemies, want to come in and take over, we have to let them do it. That's the idea." He said he thinks President Eisenhower "is trying all he can to solve this problem, but American officers think that we should not resume the fighting now because this would precipitate World War in..." they can win the test by a narrow margin. But Sen. Young (R-ND), Spokesman for a bipartisan group that wants to extend the rigid 90 per cent supports that have operated since World War n, said he expects to defeat the 80-90 per cent proposal. Six Undecided An unofficial advanced check seemed to back Knowland's claim. Forty-six senators were found to be favoring the administration plan. 44 were opposed and 6 undecided. With such a close margin, however, the number of absentees could turn out to be a deciding factor. The House already has passed a flexible supports bill with a slightly higher minimum, 82y 2 per cent to 90, while the Senate Agriculture Committee decided 8-7 for the fixed 90 per cent rate. Knowland said he hoped to complete Senate action on the omnibus farm bill with a late night session, but that appeared unlikely. Even after the basic crop issue is settled, another fight may develop over support levels for milk. butter,, cheese, and other dairy products. Restores Cut With millions of pounds of surplus butter, cheese and dried milk piled up in government hands, secretary of agriculture Benson lowered dairy supports from 90 to 75 per cent of parity on April 1. The House voted to boost them to 80 per cent, effective Sept. 1. The Senate Agriculture Committee, by another 8-7 vote, recommended raising them to 85 per cent. Aiken wants to hold the at the 75 per cent level and offer other kinds of benefits to dairy producers instead. The debate limitation agreement" allows two thours for each amendment and more than 30 were pending with no restriction on offering others. Job-Seekers Line Up at Base Here But 200 Men Find Hiring Only Rumor An estimated 200 men showed up this morning a the Blytheville Air Base after a rumor that hiring for con struction work was to get un der way today spread during the week end. The -laborers were turned away, however, after J. 0 Crabtree, construction superintendent for the Fraser Construction Company of Ft Smith, which holds contracts for two buildings, told them that sufficient materials had not yet arrived to get actua] construction started, and that only preparatory work in laying footings could be done immediately. Only about 30 men will be employed at peak construction on the initial two buildings, a fire-crash station and guardhouse, Mr. Crabtree told the Courier News. Two other.contracts have also been let to date — for utility work, including sewer rehabilitation and water and sewer extension — but work on those phases also is preliminary at this point, and an estimate was not available this morning on the number of men who will be used for the utility jobs. Beginning- tomorrow, the air base will be closed, with only authorized persons to be admitted, Jerry Hord. project engineer for the Army Corps of Engineers, announced ;his morning. The north gate to the )ase has been closed, and admit- ;ance now will only be through ;he south gate, where a guard will be kept on duty, Hord said. "We're taking this action for safety and security purposes, nostly safety at this stage," Hord said in making the announcement. 'Now that construction is starting, sightseers .-and children, could pos-. ibly be'injured in the work areas." The north gate had earlier been :losed, he added, as a precau- ionary measure for Gosnell children, who attend school in that area. Visits to Be Permitted Hord stressed that closing of the ase area to the public does not nean that civilians cannot be admitted during reactivation. Any ownspeople desiring to view pro- •ress from time to time can make rrangements to visit the base by ailing the project engineer's of- :ce number, 3-4037, he pointed ut. Later, when construction is underway, guided tours may pos- ibly be arranged for Saturdays or See AIR BASE on Page 3 Last Round Comingllp In Gubernatorial Fight FISHING RODEO WINNERS — Pictured above are Carol Penn and Leon Davis., winners of the annual City-American Legion sponsored Children's Fishing Rodeo conducted at Walker Park Lake Saturday. Both received rod and reel .sets provided by Better Fishing, Inc. Making the presentations was Mayor E. R. Jackson, at right above. Leon's catch, which he exhibits, was one of the largest to date in the rodeos. Second and third place winners in boys' and girls' divisions for biggest fish were Jimmie Graham and Wayne Lovelace — who tied for second — and Karen Hudgins, Bill Swafford and Janet Sue Hudson. Catching fhe most fish were Benny Joe Lendennie and Linda Lott, best costume awards went to Bobby Seay and Karen Hudgins, and the youngest fishermen event also was a tie — Danny O'Bannon and Joe Evans, Jr. Youngest girl winner was Paula Hardin. (Courier News Photo) McCarthy Charges May Be Reduced WASHINGTON By JACK BELL (AP) — Senators sifting charges against Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) today indicated they will drop Red College Issue Oddest OfCampaign By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A slow - starting campaign which has transformed into perhaps the most violent political brawl of recent Arkansas history will end tomorrow when Arkansas voters go to the polls. Voters in tomorrow's final Democratic primary will choose between Gov. Francis Cherry, who is a candidate for a second term nomination, and Orval Faubus. Huntsville weekly newspaper publisher. And the choice may be decided on an issue so strange that the contenders don't even agree on its exact nature. Faubus, as practically every adult in the state must know by now. had some brief association back in 1935 with the former Commonwealth College near Mena, which since its closing has been officially labeled "communistic." Faubus, a combat infantry officer of World War n, charged that Commonwealth was injected in a whispering campaign designed to smear him as "communistic or subversive." Cherry replied that Faubus himself brought up the issue and that, anyhow, nobody had attacked Faubus' loyalty to the United States. Truth Said Issue The issue. Cherry said, was whether Faubus told the truth about his Commonwealth connection. Cherrv claimed that Faubus re- Statistics S/iow Hurdle For Faubus to Clear By GEORGE ANDERSON (Courier News Staff Writer) It took a brawling, slashing, hard-knucks battle to do it, but Arkansas voters this summer finally saw a couple of candidates produce some old-fashioned political heat,"which apparently has spread throughout the state and stands an excellent chance of bringing the electorate out to the polls tomorrow in near-record droves. At least, that is the opinion of present governor. most of the state's sagacious political seers. Many are predicting that the recent fire-producing friction developed between Gov. and his surprising runoff some counts and draft rules to keep their hearings from going ^ te j sevei ' al conflicting versions "arafipld' ~ & & & of the incident. cu diiciu. According to the governor—and bers saying they wanted to avoid Guard Unit s For Encampment BMheville's National Guard unit. Company M. departed by motor convoy at 5:30 yesterday morning for Camp Polk, La., where they will have their annual summer encampment. Seventy-five men and officers will comprise the largest company in the 39th Division 'this year. The group spent last night in Monroe, La., on bivouac and is to arrive at Camp Polk tomorrow afternoon. Cooks left Blytheville Wednesday and have already been on hand several days at Camp Polk, Officers on the two-week encampment include First Lt. H. E. Graham, Jr., Company Commander; First Lt. William Presnell and second lieutenants Joe T. Robinson, William McCormick and George Ford, Jr. Both Senators Watkins (R-Utah) nd Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo), hairman and vice chairman of the ix-man committee picked to hear ensure charges against McCarthy old a newsman it is obvious some of the 46 specific allegations will have to be tossed out. While neither would specify which ones he had in mind, a third committee member singled suit an accusation that McCarthy had not given services of "comparable value" for a $10,000 fee paid him by Lustron Corp. for writing a housing pamphlet. The senator declined use of his .name but said he would vote against it. The charge xvas filed by Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark), xvho with Senators Flanders (R-Vt) and Morse (Ind-Ore) detailed the 46 counts against McCarthy. The charges, a number of which overlap, range from allegations of improper treatment of committee witnesses to unlawfully obtaining government secrets. To Keep Firm Hand A move to keep a firm hand when hearings get under way was promised by a Democratic member of the bipartisan special committee as it gathered for a closed session today. The senator, who asked that he not be named, said he will propose a rule of relevancy for testimony designed to curb any "bulldozer tactics" that may develop. He said he favors public hearings — with television and radio coverage barred — in which the chairman will have the right to cut off any witness when he attempts to go beyond the scope of the charges as defined by the committee. The committee has already ruled out radio-TV coverage, with mem- a "vaudeville show" atmosphere, hearings this spring were criticized, even by participating senators, as too free-wheeling. The committee may start selecting today the charges it will consider. Sen. Ellender (D-La) gave his views on the Lustron fee charge in a weekend radio address. He said that if any moral wrong were involved, the people of Wisconsin already had absolved McCarthy of blame by re-electing him in 1952. Sees No Answer Ellender, wno is not a member of the committee, said further in an interview that he does not believe the Senate will be willing to censure McCarthy for having made what Fulbright and Flanders called an "unwarranted attack" on Gen. George C. Marshall in a June 14, 1951 Senate speech. "I abhor it and I would "not have done it," Ellender said. "I have always had a <jreat respect for Gen. Marshall. But McCarthy was exercising a institutional privil- See MCCARTHY on Page 3 Inside Today's Courier News . . . Issue-Less Gubernatorial Campaign No Accident . . . Editorials . . . Paire 6 ... . . . Repeat of 1948 Series Envisioned . . . Denton, Gee Meet for Blytheville Country Club Crown . . . Sports . . . Paj-res 10 and 11 ... . . . Four States Name Party Candidates Tomorrow . . . Pape 5 ... . . . Reds Feel Time Is Ripe to Press for Isolation of U. S. fn Europe, Asia . . . Page 14 ... Farm, Atomic Bills Block Adjournment he had "documentary proof" — Faubus was a regular student and and campus leader at the school for at least two and one-half months. Faubus said he'd told a consistent story throughout. According to Faubus — and he also had "documentary proof"— he was a non-enrolled visitor, not a student, for less r.ian two weeks. Each candidate at various times in the campaign accused his opponent of distorting facts in other instances, but no other charge or counter-charge generated such sustained heat. It was almost the sole topic of argument for the final week of the campaign. Both candidates said it ought to be dropped for a discussion of the "real" issues. But each kept talking about it. Big Vote Seen The raging question is expected to turn out a big vote. Some political observers believe the balloting may run as high as 400.000 because of high feeling on the Commonwealth College issue. Two years ago, when Cherry [ McMath a runoff, the total vote vas 373,073. The vote two weeks ago. when Cherry and Faubus eliminated j State Sen. Guy Jones of Conway | and Gus McMillan of Sheridan in j the preferential primary, the vote j totaled a little more than 325,000. | The U. S. Weather Bureau at j Little Rock is offering the voters j a good day to go to the polls, j Tomorrow will be "a pretty nice i day." the weatherman said, and j it "will be "slightly cooler." The | only rain will be widely scattered i thundershowers. j The polls will .open at 8 a.m. j and close at 6:30 p.m. Counting, I however, will begin before 6:30, j with some of the smaller boxes j closing early. which Cherry opponent. Orval Faubus, may have so incensed the populace that voters will flock to the booths in record numbers exceeding 4CO,OCO. If the prognosticators can be be- believed — and prove to be correct tomorrow — this situation gives rise to some interesting calculations and speculations on the outcome of the gubernatorial contest. Without trying to predict who will be the next governor, and having no intention of trying to prove anything in particular, these few gleanings from the results of the preferential primary two weeks ago may reveal what Faubus has to ASSUMING first of all that the total vote tomorrow will be considerably higher than it was in the recent primary — though we're somewhat doubtful that it will reach 400,000—let us decide on a figure. Our guess: about 370,000 or. 70 per cent. But to be on the conservative side we will use 65 per cent of the total poll tsxes (532.162) as the basis for these calculat-ions. This study is made on the basis of the counties carried by candidates in the first primary, and two assumptions are made in connection with this: 1. That both candidates will retain about the same votes they got two weeks ago, and, 2. That the percentage vote for each candidate wiH remain about overcome in his Did to unseat the ( the same in each county including 1 the additional voters who did not cast ballots last election. A COMPARISON of the counties carried by Cherry on the one hand, and all the other three candidates in the first primary on the other, reveals these facts: Cherry carried 41 counties with eligible voters totaling 363.409; Faubus carried 29, Jones, four and McMillan, one with poll taxes in all 34 totaling 165.357. That situation points one of the major obstacles which Faubus must overcome. Even though the Huntsville publisher gains" large majorities hi the counties where he has shown strength, the size of his total vote will still be small compared to the potential vote in areas where Cherry has shown most Luxoran Succumbs Services for Farris Johns, 77, of Luxor a and Blytheville, who died yesterday morning at Chickasawba Hospital here following an illness of two years, will be conducted at 2 p.m. tomorrow in Cobb Funeral Home Chapel. Mr. Johns and his wife, Lilly, who survives him, were long-time residents of Luxora, having lived strength. This is an even more im- there for some 50 years. He was portant consideration if the total a brother of N. Johns, pioneer] vote is large. Blytheville merchant, and Mrs. abrel Manila Mike of resident. Manila, pioneer Breaking the totals down on a 65 per cent vote basis gives the fol- j defeated former Gov. S for the nomination in lowing figures: in Cherry counties A native of Betegrone, Lebanon,} the total vote would be'236,216; in Mr. Johns was active in Missis-! all other counties the vote would be sippi County farming and financial 107,484. affairs for almost half a century. • * * Among his interests until his re- NOW, ONE more assumption tirement in 1943 were the first brings us the final prediction* and Ford dealership in South Missis- j this one will probably be the hard- sippi County, mercantile business i est for many* to accept. It is that and ice plants in Luxora, Osceola. i Cherry will poll an averse of 65 Blytheville and Steele. He had ex-! per cent of the votes in the coun- tensive holdings in farm lands. (ties he carried two weeks ago and Mr. Johns maintained homes in! Faubus will also receive an aver- both Luxora and Blytheville, re- j a &e of 65 per cent of the votes in ceiving medical attention here i n * s counties. since his illness. He was a mem-j On this basis. Cherry would poll ber of the First Methodist Church j 153,530 in his counties plus 3~"619 in Luxora. i See ELECTION on Page 3 Pallbearers will be Grover Driver, William George and Moses Sliman of Luxora, Fred Saliba. J. T. Sudbury and Kendall Berry of Blytheville. and Walter Pruitt and Frank Williams of Honorary pallbearers Former Joiner Man is Killed include i A former Joiner school teacher. Copeland. Ernest Halsell, Joi Cagle, N. Kouri, Rene George, about three miles south "of"perry Ben Butler. Dave Laney. Ben Mo., and overturned. Butler. Dave Laney, Ben White, Kurd, who was ti Frank Douglas and Paul Kirken-' taught for daIL | in Joiner before leaving there last Burial will be in Elmwood January, according to Superinten- Cemetery. dent of Schools M. H. Benton. By RUSSELL BRINES But Senate opponents claimed WASHINGTON (AP) At » rowin £ strength in a move to re- least six major issues remain to be disposed of in the six working days left before the late Saturday target time for the windup of this Congress. Even if all are cleared up, the Senate may not adjourn but instead take a recess to come back later to act upon a report from the special six-man committee set up to study a censure move aimed at Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis). The six major legislative issues still unresolved are farm, foreign aid, social security, the debt lmi,ti antisubversive measures and atomic energy. Of these, a bill to revise the Atomic Energy Act appeared to carry the chief threat of a delay in adjournment, Victory Predicted Rep. W. Sterling Cole (R-NY) predicted overwhelming House approval some time today of a com- Dromise bill to allow this country to share some atomic weapons data with its allies and to allow private industry to enter the atomic peaceful power field. ject proposed patent provisions and send the measure back for a second attempt to adjust Senate- House differences. Senate action is scheduled later in the week. Before the bill passed there originally, debate extended ever two weeks and required 169 hours. Earm Vote Due After three full days of debate, the Senate arranged to begin voting today on new farm legislation in which the principal issue is whether to continue rigid price supports on five basic crops or shift to the flexible system the Eisenhower administration is advocating. A final vote may be delayed until tomorrow. Scheduled for Senate consideration next are bills to finance the foreign aid program for the current year, to expand the social security system and increase benefits, and to raise temporarily the legal debt limit from 275 billion dollars to 281 billions. All three of these have passed the House but conferences will be needed to iron i out differences. What action will be taken on President Eisenhower's antisub- versive program is in doubt. A bill has been passed by both ate-House Atomic Energy Committee which drafted the bill, said in an interview he -did not expect important House opposition to a compromise providing for exclusive Emilie Dionne Buried Near Place of Birth , , CALLANDER, Ont. (AP) — Emilie Dionne was laid to Faubu s has attacked cherry on i rest today in a little burial ground not far from the frame several points other than the com- j home where she and her quintuplet sisters were born 20 See LAST ROUND on Page 3 branches to provide for granting j patents on privately financed ci- immunity from federal prosecution to some witnesses claiming the Fifth Amendment guarantee against self-incrimination. but the two measures vary considerably. The Senate may act also on a House-approved bill to provide the death penalty for peacetime spying. The House scheduled action today on the Atomic Energy Bill and on a measure, opposed by the administration, to raise post office workers' pay by 7 per cent. When it gets to the Senate, the pay bill may be broadened to include other government civil service workers. AE Bill Death Possible As for atomic energy, a Senate vote to reject the compromise bill would confront the House xvith a decision on whether to send the bill back to conference again. If it did not agree to do so, the legislation would die. vilian developments but requiring that preference be given for five years, in atomic manufacturing licenses, to concerns agreeing to share patents. The House voted originally for regular, renewable 17-year patents and turned down proposals requiring that they be shared. The Senate adopted an amendment for a 10-year period of compulsory patent-sharing. Want Compulsory Measure Senate critics of the compromise say they will fight to send the revised bill back to conference Cotton Crop Estimated At 12 Million Bales years ago. She went to the grave in a par- , there — so were many Americans ty dress of light blue crepe, a j who had driven to the spot since white Rosary in her hands. j the news of Emilie's death Friday Hundreds watched as the grey } was flashed across the continent. metal casket was lowered into the earth of the small Roman Catholic WASHINGTON cemetery at Corbeil. The surviving quintuplets— . , Yvonne, Annette, Cecile and Marie Agricul- | __ sobbed bitterly Weather ture Department today forecast this i m j tla j service year's government-controlled cot- i ton crop at 12,680.000 bales of 500 j And lew e >' es were dry when it pounds 'gross weight. ' ended This forecast, the first for the than 500 mourners crowd- crop, compares with 16,465,000 bales f d Cox-bell's faded red brick church produced last year and with the 10- year 1943-52 average of 12,448,000 bales, Under a rigid production marketing control program. and for the funeral service, conducted by the parish priest, the Rev. W. H. Lafrance. When he sprinkled holy water on ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday; not so hot south this afternoon. MISSOURI — Mostly fair tonight and Tuesday; slightly warmer south Tuesday; low tonight 60s: high Tuesday 80s northeast to the the casket and intoned the depart- ! aroun d 90 southwest. with instructions for Senate con- of about 9,650.000 bales on hand department sought a crop of about! ing prayers Marie Dionne, who has 12 million bales. Officials have es- had to gi\ r e up at least tempo- timated that there was a reserve j rarily her hope of becoming a nun, Rep. Cole, chairman of the Sen- i patent-sharing. ferees to insist upon compulsory patent-sharing. Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa>, Senate floor manager for the bill, said he did not think this move "has any chance" to succeed. If it does, Cole said he will continue to oppose any fortn of compulsory Aug . i f rom previous crops, much •?pt uncontrollably, She leu the church, assisted by Rose Marie Girouard. Hundreds of mourners waited 1 of it held by the government under her mother and her sister, Mrs. price support programs. The condition of the crop on Aug. 1 was reported at 78 per cent ofj outside beneath black and threat- normal compared with 79 per cent i ening skies. There were more than for the same date last year and 300 cars lining the roads leading 77 per cent for the 10-year Aug. 1 to the Corbeil church. Practically average. ' every resident of the area was 74. Minimum Sunday — 74. Maximum Saturday — 90. Minimum this mornlns Maximum yesterday — 97. Sunrise Tomorrow — 3:17. Sunset today — 6:58. Mean temperature (midway between high and low) — 85.5. Precipitation last 48 hours to 7:00 a. m. today — None. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date— 26.62. This Date Last Yeat Maximum yesterday— 89, Minimum this morning— 90. Precipitation. January i to dat«— • 34.55.
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