The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 3, 1941 · Page 6
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, January 3, 1941
Page 6
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PAGE Published Every Friday In the Interest of Farm Families of This 1 Agricultural Section. FRIDAY/ JANUARY 3, 1941 - FEA TURES Enter the Plant-to-Prosper Contests sponsored by -the Courier News and Commercial Appeal. Osceola District Begins Year With PUTS Cash-Food-Feed SOIL Farm Woman's News Corner OSCEOLA, Ark., Jan. 3.—As business firms lake stock and farmers make plans for 1941 South Mississippi County citizens give thanks for well-filled barns of corn and hay, smokehouses full of meat and pantries laden with 225,000 cans of fruits and vegetables, in addition to a total cash farm income of $12,205,000 representing an increase of $4.000,000 over that of a year ago. , Known as Die world's largest* —— . cotton-producing county since 1927, the'-largest singe item in the above total is the $7,750,000 received from 200,000 bales of cotton including lint, seed and government pay- men ts. Forty thousand acres of soybeans averaging 30 bushels to the acre brought $780,000 additional The acreage in truck crops starting ;; from zero in 1935 grew to 3000 acres in 1940 with returns of $120.000.' Alfalfa, Mississippi County's second • major crop, netted $1,600,000 from the 40.000 acres planted in the Increased Rates of Payment Will Be Made Under AAA Program Kates of payment lor computing "Cold feet aiay mean u warm heart," but -more oi'tea cold feet indoors are an indication that Mary E. Loughead of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture. "Then add enough water to cover the meat, and finish cooking at a low temperature-. Simmering, rather than boiling, softens the connective tissue, and makes the meat tender." r l he number-one rule, according to the Extension specialist in foods something Is wrong with the way ! and nutrition, when making slew j rooms are heated, according to Miss Cora Lee Colcman, county home demonstration agent. If there i.s a difference between the floor temperature of u "room and that of the air at breathing level when one U .standing or seated, perhaps th« house needs .some tightening up—storm sash {creased, according- u> Information agent, from J. B. Dan- can be made tender wiih long, or even insulation. Earl L. Arnold' slow cooking. Tidbits ancl small of the University of Arkansas Col- ; pieces of tender meat, urn uLso be of Agriculture says that some- j used lo advantage in stews. Al- ls long cooking* for the meat, short i cooking f.|- the vegetables. Modern j cooks know '' appeai cooked flavor, bright color, und firm tex- iiire for the- vegetables. " .stew.s start with tlu- less j tender meats, because these cuts j OSCEOLA, Ark., Jan. 3.—Three reasons back of the Eurdette 4-H Club's selection as the outstanding club of South Mississippi County for 1940 lie in the records of as :s know that food values dis- SuCCCSS of • Burdette Glib :-ar when vegetables are over- . .. - ^"^- J ooked. Short cooking means full i Attributed to Rf of ihree Members iiels -state administrative offl^/fnr! ' Jmes tijese * imple changes . make though these meats are low In ! many members who successfully !thi''A A A' - •->•«" - u"»n.» 1U1 i marked, improvements. The Ex.- price-, they're just as miiritious as carried out sewing and poultry '0,1X1 ,»,.'!„ •,, , ,. j tension agricultural engineer cites the more expensive steaks and announcing the rules ol pay- i. ,„,„ _,,*,., Jf1lHil * rill . !,,,_., »,,..,. ', „„„„„.„» ,^i,, f , rt ,» southern half 'of the county. Thirty-five hundred head of commercial beef cattle and 15,000 head of hogs graze on these and 29,000 acres of winter, cover crops and permanent pastures. Approximately eighty percent of the 88,000 acres of com was inter- planted with soybeans bringing the yield to 2.640,000 bushels worth \ $1,320.000. The well planned live-' at-home program stressed among ~4-H club members, home demonstration clubs, soil improvement, cotton standardization, soil conservation, farm organization, insect control, .and supplemental cash crops are among the policies and problems given emphasis by E. H. Bums, county agent, and Miss Inez Kincaid, home demonstration .agent for South Mississippi Coun- Few Fanners In This Coun- bu "?!2' ment. Mr. Daniels .said that more emphasis has been placed on soil conservation;and that more money 1m been made available to farmers for carrying out approved soil- a temperature study made in co- j chops," Miss Loughead points out. operation with the U. S. Depart- ! Among trie beef cuts .suitable for ! Rates of payment on allotment Were Opposed To CTOps sucl1 as C0f ' i - 0n - wheat and M ' i . ~ Irice arc- slightly lower than in 1940 arketmg Quotas'due to higher participation and —. j increased yields, '.rise normal yield Cotton farmers of Mississippi 'of cotton for the nation for 1941 i.s County joined other farmers of,. '-^ 8 pounds pc-r acre compared with the state in giving overwhelming!-30 pounds of cotton per sicre in approval of marketing quotas fori J94 C. The goal for all soil-depleting cotton in 1941. Official returns, ac-! cl ' 0 Ps ^ the fame as last year, cording to J. J. Pickren. county agricultural agent, showed that 548G cotton farmers of the county voted in favor of quotas and only 118 opposed them for a majority of 97 percent. 270.000,000 to 285.000,000 acres. The rates for cumputing soil- building allowances in 1941 compared with 1940 are as follows: General crops and .'non-depleting acreage in "B" areas, 70 cents an hundred thousand dollars iorth of motor fuel may sound •fee an order for war supplies but is the amount farmers in the Qfeceola^ district spent for tractor 1 this year. This is the'estimate ed on a farm tractor survey 'made by Mayor Ben F. Butler, owner- of the International Harvester Company's Osceola agency. Around 1000 .tractors are at work on the fftvms of this" section ot the ' county. Eighty-five percent of the farms use tractors. Mr. Butler estimated that 250 more tractors will be sold in 1941. George Doyle, secretary-treasurer .for the Federal Land Bank for ^"Mississippi County, has ten.appli-' The vote in the state was 95.2,acre compared with 63 cents in per cent for quotas with 97,574 fav-i i94 °: »on depleting acreages in oring quotas and only 4,916 oppos- " A " areas. 50 cents an acre compared with 49.5 cents an acre in 1940; commercial orchards, $1.80 an acre compared with $1.50 an acre in 1940. The soil-building allowance is earned by carrying out recommended soil-building practices. Counties in the "A" area in 1941 will be Baxter, Benton, Boone. Carroll, Independence, Madison, Mar- ing them. The total vote in the state this year was an increase of 13.456 or 15.1 per cent over the vote of 59,034 last year. The percentage in favor of quotas this year was also larger than last year when it was 93.5 per cent. The vote. Mr. Pickren said, indicates that Mississippi County farmers realize the need for continuing control of cotton production and (ton. part of Randolph, Sharp, Stone, and Washington. All others are in the "B" area. The 1941 rates of payment on special crops which are based on the normal yields of the 1941 acreage allotments compared with 1940 are ns follows: Cotton 1.37 cents a pound compared with 1.44 cents in 1940; wheat, 8 cents a bushel compared with 8.1 cents in 1940; rice cess .of their marketing quotas and J 2.475 cents a'bushel compared with will not receive conservation or parity payments and will not be eligible for loans except on 1941 i cotton in excess of their market- approval of marketing quotas to protect, each producer's share of the domestic and foreign market for American cotton. Approval of marketing quotas for i next year means that producers who knowingly overplant their cotton acreage allotment will be penalized 3 cents a pound on each pound of option marketed in ex- ing quotas and then only at, 60 ment of Agriculture engineers in a number of occupied farm houses in one of , the northern states, where winters are cold. In one house, when the temperature of the room was read at .stev.;s, there's the fore and hind shank, the heel of round, flank, neck, short ribs, plate, and brisket. Veal and lamb riblets, made by culling between the ribs of the breast, are excellent for stew. So three feet above tthe floor, which * are small, very lean shoulders. is about the breathing level of a person when seated, it was 74 degrees P. A i five feel above the .lour, or the breathing level of a And there are others, irregularly .shaped pieces of veal, lamb, and pork that are also the starter for delicious and .savory stews. person when standing, it was 78 [ Stews ure also a good way to K But the floor tempera-j use canned meat. Drain the liquid from the meat, dredge the pieces with flour and proceed in the same way as for fresh meat. Since the meat is already cooked, the vegetables can be added at once. Miss Lougheud says. Left Behind in London **. ture was only 63 degrees P. The ankles and feet are usually sensitive to cold, and such temperature causes physical discomfort if prolonged. To make the uncomfortable homes more livable, various heat- conserving devices were used after No other item of modem eciuip . the observations. Some houses were ! mem has -such complete blending i»rt n 1*1 n ?•» 0*-? cf\ f li ft t o v f £*r*in i* f\ r\*-*r*f ... • - .1" • - ' . replanned so that exterior doors opened into entries and hails rather than directly into frequently occupied rooms. Some cooperators insulated both walls and ceilings. Some tightened loose siding. Practically everyone put on storm sash and doors, and a number added weather-stripping around doors ancl windows. One cooperator installed -a circulating fan in the heating system to carry more heat to some of the rooms that- were receiving too little, and others. put in new heating' systems. ,;•;': . After improvements were made,-, results' in of beauty of line and material, combined with efficiency ancl durability, as the new utensils used in surface cookery, says Miss Cora Lee Coleman, home demonstration agent. The choice of materials is .wide enough to fit any need, with heat- resistant glass the most dramatic new addition. Glass has the ad- projecis undftr Lhe leadership of E. H. Burns, county agricultural | agent, und Miss Inex Kineaid, home demonstration agent. Nannie Mae Hessie of the Burdel te club, starting with 425 baby chicks of mixed heavy breeds purchased at a cost of $22.50. made a profil of $78.10... Listed in her expense account was a brooder house costing $25; feeders and water fountains. $4.50; 101 hours of labor at ten cents per Hour; feed $65.05. Sales from her chickens plus the value of the birds now on hand equal $205.25 less initial cost ancl expenses of $127,15 leave her $78.10. Nannie j Mae. who is only 13 years old, has served as secretary for the Junior division of the club this year. Eva Chr,ffin. Burdette senior, who has been a 4-H club member for three years, estimates her project for 1940 has a cash value of $43.56. } Eva has made a total of eight dresses, a play suit, uveed suit, remodeled one suit, and also made four dresses for other members of the family. She spent $2750 for materials and estimates she saved $15.50 by doing the sewing. She also made slip covers for three pieces of furniture. vantage of allowing the housewife | Starting with 101 White Rock to watch what is going on without I chickens she sold them at a net lifting the lid and allowing the j profit of $22 which she used to steam to escape. It is easily cleaned i bu y her own clothes. arid is beautiful enough to grace :any kitchen. Wayne Oxford, also of Burdette 4-H Club, started with 18 White the house mentioned^- £ opper utensils have long- been i Roc k chicks two years ago and above showed that temperatures^ the f av0 rite of the woman who aftei ' realizing a cash profit of were more even throughout the:[._ likes drama -in her kitchen and $22:70 v still has stock valued at rooms. The average temperature^^, he can Qbtain & nfiw stainless $26.90: near the floor was 71 degrees P. in >: teel utensil wifch a bottom contrast to former temperature of ; ; which Ls not onl Iovelv to look 63 degrees F. At breathing level of." . a. person when seated, it was 752.6325 in 1940; burley tobacco. .8 Degrees P., only one degree more cenLs a pound compaied with .9 cents in 1940; commercial vegetables (in commercial vegetable allotment counties) $1.30 an acre per cent of the rate for other prod- compared with $1.35 in 1940; gen-" , . . . . -- - - ucers. ' . , jeial soil-depleting crops .Un '"A" m . -.J 9 ^ 1 totalin &! Producers who plant within their ! area 'counties). $1.10 an acre com,?^ 1V ' ty has been acreage "allotments will be able io pared with .99 in 1940. Commercial much lighter in 1940 than in previ-, ous years because farmers were in better condition and more loans have been paid off than were made, Mr. Doyle' said. market all the cotton they produce j vegetable allotments are given in in. 1941, and will receive 'full con- i 1941 to Crawford, Franklin," Phil- servation and parity payments us i Hps, and Sebastian counties. The ewll as be eligible for any loans increase in .the .normal yield for . offered. cotton in Arkansas is expected.. to Realizing that an individual, city] Producers who unknowingly over- I more than .offset the slight reduc- or .nation's greatness depends not j plant '. their allotments will 'receive tion. In payment pei pound on cot- alone on the material, Mississippi j conservation payments with deduc- ton. -,County has provided also for theltions, will not receive parity pay- cultural and. educational develop- j meats and will be eligible for any ment of her citizens by appropriat- ' loans offered. •ing. : $3500. for support of the Coun- -------- ly Library located in the court- : To prevent caramels from curdl- house here. i ing. milk should be stirred in The library, opened in September i Equally or evaporated milk, which - ... ,..._.., w ., .. llu ... 1938, now has 7800 volumes and • doss n ° l curdle, should be used, payments are made. These 3300 borrowers in the 33 schools • Milk > wnen added all at once, sep- and five" branch libraries,. accord-i araces because the heat and acid act on it before it has time to be; mg to figures given by Miss Frances Holland, county Ibirarian. Total ; circulation for the 'year will run around 90,000, with November as '< —— ~ : — -• the peak month with 10,345 vol-1 Many people prefer "marmalade umes read. ; wit h a slightly bitter flavor, but Sixty-nine magazines and four pt ' ni « bitter taste can be removed newspapers are received at the! b i T cooking the peel and the pulp library. This county with the sec- ' separately. The peel should be pnd largest population in Arkansas; sliced thin and boiled in a good "- one of the 19 counties in the . deal ° r water until tender. The state .with' county libraries. Miss water should be changed now and All of these payments. Mri Dan- itls said, depend on 5500,000,000 annual appropriation authorized.' -in che AAA act''of 193fl and are subject to revision upward or downward by 10 per cent as an adjustment for participation when final payments will be supplemented by parity payments on wheat, cotton, and than before,- and when standing," 77 degrees F., one degree less than before. The difference between" temperatures at the feet and at' s the head of .a standing person was- reduced from 15 degrees to -6 de"' at.'Tbut also increases the >: efficiency of smooth heating over the bottom surface of the. pan. .. Aluminum utensils, both cast and '.pressed, are excellent heat con- This house. : was enlarged when' it "was remodeled, but fuel consumption. was cut by approximately 50 per cent when the. changes were complete. Roast .fresh pork is the answer to many meal-planning problems this winter. Pork is rich in energy- Charles Wildy of the Etowah 4-H Club earned $29.20 from his poultry project of 200 Barred Rocks". He is a set-ond year club member and has served as president of the Etowah club this year. -"Enamelware in a variety of bright or;: helps complete ensembles '''brighten any kitchen. "Whatever type of material the -housewife chooses, she can recog- "jiize a good utensil by a few defi- vnite' points: The materials should be heavy "enough not to bend, dent, or .buckle on the bottom. The utensil •should .have a flat .bottom and Planter Gets Largest AAA Payment CARUTHERSVILLE, MO., Jan. 3 —O. H. Acorn. Wardell planter, fanner and business executive, received the largest AAA conservation check of any individual in Missouri, it was learned here this Mr. Acorn's check was foi SH.376. in payment under the 1333 AAA conservation program. The rice from a separate appropriation come part of the smooth caramel j of S212.00G.OOO already made. Parity (payments rates will bo announced later. Holland states. then as the peel boils. R-ead Courier News want aos. •'.-ad Conner Neves want FIINNY BUSINESS .: w pJrX%- i\\ :.^;^vT^>V- / .##•'•"•" 2K$&.'' Pemsicot Farm Loan Group To Elect Officers CARUTHERSVILLE, Mo. f Jan. 3 —The annual meeting of the Pemiscot County Farm Loan Association Is scheduled for Tuesday. Jan. 14, according to an announcement by Secretary-Treasurer Ralph Ennis Thursday. Officers and directors will be elected for the year, and reports presented showing the progress of the association this past year. The association had the unusual distinction of closing the year's bsuiness on Dec. 15. 1940. without a delinquent loan on the books. This was the first association in Missouri to achieve this honor, and only two associations in this National Farm Loan District have ever made such a report in the past. One was in Illinois and the other in Arkansas. valuer and xaiue., popular on cold days, says Miss Cora' Lee Coleman, county home demonstration agent. "Any cut of pork is easy to because the meat is usually tender, and it Is fat enough to be self-basting," explains Miss Mary E. Loughead of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture. The pork-loin roast Ls especially easy to handle. Fresh ham also makes an excellent roast, and even csDCciallv' S1trai " ht ' SidG:3 '- Bottoms the same ! largest check to any f'fnn went to avcSc; dmmeter as lhe stove bumer are i* Kansas City tirm and was for diameter as the stove burner are the most efficient. The lids should j $50.203. fit perfectly. Close fitting, flanged A total of 320 Missourians and prevent loss of heat, shorten Missouri business firms received .the-required time for cooking, and ; m. excess of S1000 each under the increase efficiency. Handles should ; 1938 program, the total paid to be easy to grasp, of a material that , this group being S727 088 There will.not conduct heat, and firmly j were a total of 115 Pcmiscot welded or riveted securely to the j County farmers and firms which utensil. The, University of Edinburgh each received benefits in the S1000 or more group. THE the shoulder is easy to carve when !U ' as4rouncleci m 1582 lhrou § h a Seme apples are good for both the bone is removed and replaced I c " art er granted by King James, eating fresh and cooking. The by a savory stuffing. If paired sec- '' Scotland. \ Grimes Golc7>n. Mclntosh. and tions of sparerib.s are filled with an apple stuffing, they are also delicious when roasted. Good roasts art- tender throughout, with a brown crust on Die outside and juicy .meat inside. To i get the roast done to thus -perfect turn," Miss Loughead rccom- I mends thorough cooking at a moderate temperature. Be sure to i-ook pork until there is no trace of pink I' m the juice, in order to kill the j. trichina parasite, which is so:v.e- ! times present. • Pork is roasted on the rack of a shallow open roasting pan without water. Use n constant moderate temperature of 325 to 350 degree^ F. Or. if you want to sear it "fiivii. use a temperature of 480 dcgrt'i-s F. until the outside is light brown (20 to 30 minutes). and tlum quickly reduce the temperature 10 300 to 325 degrees P. The length of time for nwxii:^ is about the same, whether you Winter pears are often sold while sear Or noL From 25 to 30 they arc still green and hard. In this state, they arc excellent for cooking and baking; they are not ready to tat fresh. To'get them juicy and delicious .for eating, they should be left at room temperature for a day or two. depending on how green and hard they are. Usually the pears turn yellow when they are ripe, but not always. The best way to test for ripeness is to press the pear gently at the stem end. If the.flesh yields about ^*]j _ the way the flesh of a v peach does when it is ripe, then the pear is ready to be eaten. I "Yep, hornelv-I get loU more^zip in bayonet practice that way r Honey helps keep fruit cake moist because it has the power of absorbing moisture from the air. A little honey in fruit cake helps keep the cake from drying out. per pound is the rule for . a fresh ham, and 30 minutes por pound for a medium-sized loin roast. About 3 : v hours Ls requin-u for n stuffed shoulder, wetehiii^ about 4 pounds. Stuffed are usually done in l'» hours. Vf a roast-meat thermometer Ls US-M! roast until the temperature inside the meat is 182 to 185 degree.- p for a "well-done" roast. Imagination is an essential ingredient in every good meat-am ! vegetable stew. But a few definite rules help to give the dish good flavor, save food value, make u<o of low-cost ingredients, says Miss : Cora Lee Coleman, county home demonstration agent. "To get the rich flavor and deep brown color, start by browning the meat in hot fat," * suggests Miss INTERNATIONAL TRUCKS rc few °n f ^ ond , on ' s children will remember the Great 1 res of Christmas 194Q. They have been evacuated to safer spots! built iin r n ^ UC £ >: ' TPict , ured above - in «" ^r raid shelter built into a new church in London's slum area, infants and youn*- ers wait fretfully for the "all clear" Whee-ee-ee! There are two ways to get from a modern house to a swimming pool. One is to walk downstairs. Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Topping, of New York, arranged for the other way, too, when they built then- new $150,000 modern home, pictured above, near Diamond Head, Honolulu. Look at that slide between the stairs. Wheel Jonathan are well known general purpose apples. Others are the Spitsbergen. - Wealthy. and Northern Spy. Stayman. Distinctive Economy— Record-Breaking Economy/ Here is new hauling power and speed .. . new strength and endurance... new performance and economy,._. the New K-L/ne Internationals! The amazing new International-built Green Diamond Engines provide increased power with greater fuel economy, let us give you a demonstration of these great new all-truck Internationals. DELTA IMPLEMENTS, Inc. 312 So. 2nd I his farmer is like many around here. He knows that a good way to save money is to keep his farm Sin- clair-ized with a full line of Sinclair products. For example, in buying kerosene, it pays to ask for Sinclair SuperFlame. This kerosene will save you money over a season. That's because ic burns clean in incubators and brooders.There's no odor or gases to kill the hatch. Let me supply you with Sinclair SuperFlame Kerosene and other Sinclair products when my truck calls at your farm. On**** tt*e.> Lef me deliver fo your farm Agent Sinclair Refining Company (Inc.) B. J. ALLEN Phone 200 AGENT Blythevifle, Ark.

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