The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 21, 1949 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, November 21, 1949
Page 7
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MONDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 19M BLYTHEVILLE ( ATSK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE SEVKN Navy's Real Boss Not in Uniform Ranking Officers Are Under Thumb Of Navy Secretary WASHINGTON — The recent change In the Navy's lop command serves to point up one fact: The Navy'* real boss is the secretary. No man In uniform can he has made overrule hfon once l 'P his mind. When a man is made chief of naval operations he Becomes the highest ranking active officer Iti the Navy. He has comm*nd \i the fleets and has the responsibility for keeping them ready for war Bub the secretary always has command of him. v The Job of the chief of nava wTjKirations is a jelativly new one *H wasn't created until 1915. Before then the .secretary personalIj exercised control over all the fleet; and bureaus of the Navy Department. 'Itie office" o f secretary w a s created in ITDS- The bureaus were established in 184'>. When the office ot Uie Chief of Naval Operations was created, by Uw, this country wa.s following the British pattern. At the head of the British navy is a civilian, the first lord of the Admiralty, under bun is a professional sailor who manages the navy for him. His title Is first sea lord. The powers of our chief of naval operations (CNO) were at first rather vague. The law said that he should, "under the direction of the secretary of the Navy, be charged %vUh the operations of the fleet., and with the preparation and plans for Its use in war-" But the CNO was not clearly in command of the Navy. To correct this, during World War II the CNO was made comma nder-hi-chief of the U.S. fleet Fleet Adm. Ernest J. King held the dual position. Shortly after trie war was over 'President Truman abolished the office of the commandcr-in-chief of the U. S. fleet and in an executive order gave a new, clearer definition of the powers of the CNO The order stated flatly that the secretary of the Navy was the .g^eo/.mander of Navy, under the ~j>r^sident, but that the CNO "shall have command of the operating farces comprising the several fleets, seagoing forces, sea frontier forces, district and other forces, and the related shore establishments of the Navy, Riid shall be responsible to • the secretary of the Navy for their HFC In war and for plans and preparation for the readin&Ks in war." Most of the orders to the various bureaus and other units of the Navy issue Irom the office of the CNO. In one field, however, he does not actually have command. In matter.; concerning the procurement of materials he exercises only an advisory function. This is considered a type of work which can be best done by civilian speciali-sU. So it is handled primarily by the assistant secretaries and the secretary. One-Man Rebellion'-- An 'Unauthorized Biography Gives New Look at UMW's John L, Lewis lly ISnice NKA Stuff Correspondent NEW YORK—(NKA)—Tlie yranite-frtt'ert man arose and solemnly looker! about him. "The name," IIP announced, "is John t*. l^ewis o[ the United Mine Workers of America." The business nnd labor leaders assembled for the lain President Roosevelt's first wartime- economic parley laughed heartily. The glowering Lewis (ace sH off by busily brows was better known than any in tlie room, better known tlian most faces in the 'nation. The man who stood before Hint* group is the most controversial figure in U.S. labor history. For 30 years he has stamped his powerful imprint on events, oSlen violently disrupting the economy llirpueh his push-button control of its basic »37: L'or (hat year's sU'el strike, lir htaincil FDR. energy source: coal, This fall he is making his mark once more, with another crippling strike in the mines. In his 30 years as mine lender, Lewis lias forged his miners into led. He has carved out the CIO * whole new labor federation, lending the way Sir organizing vast, em- > strike the mines four times In critical war year (19<3) and H lines altogether from 1913 through 94». He has stirred the wrath of ihiiti citizens, giant corporations, 1918: For defying lite ctnirt, he got thoroughly slappr-il. ma! labor leaders, Congress, and soldiers in battle twlio said: "Damn your coal ulncK soul"), Lewis has been blistered as power-mad, ns a dictator, a "disciple of discontent," even a traitor. yomiRsters picketing his home in wartime called him "Hitler's helper." Ho has tossed in $500,000 to help re-elect a President (Roosevelt in 193tit ami then stormed to no avail a^amst a third term for the same man, * lip bulb with one-man rebellion stinking » defiant fist at authority in the highest places. To n Washington newsman who knows him well, he Is a man so consumed by lust for power that It blinds him to reality, "Jeopprdizes and frequently destroys his fondest hopes." Friends and foes alike, concede ilin to be a master tactician and iitperb showman, Mr, Roosevelt is .aid to have been enraged at LcwIV success In outmaiieiiverlng him. One wartime story had it Hint a businessman weary ot delays In negotiating a government deal said: "If ii J Oddly enough, it was men of smaller stature who dealt Lewis defeat. President Trutnnn combined wilh mild but resolute Federal Judge T. Alan GolttsboroiiKli In slopping heavy fines on Lewis and his union for defying court orders. At Ills roaring best, Lewis flays his opponents with scaring epithets. Of Willlnin Oreen, AFL head. IIP *aitl: "I have done a lot of exploring in Bill's mind and I Rive low. His life has been quiet since lis wife, Myrta, to whom he was devoted since their early mailage In Ills native Luciu Iowa, died In 1M2. A cigar, lit or unlit, Li nearly constant equipment but Lewis drinks sparingly. Though he had a heart attack in 1941, he seems to know how to relax through crisis nfter crisis. On some trips, especially to Springfield, 111., to see his aged, all- mother, ho likes to drive his own car. At hi.s ancient home li dria, Va., his daughter Alcxnll- _ „ Knthtyll lives with him. Once *he was active If I don't get results soon I'm go- »'«« with him. Once she was active KB right over Roosevelt's hciul to ( »i union affairs, but no longer. His lolm L. Lewis." son. John L., Jr.. is a doctor In Jlal- Oddlv onoueh. ,i. w n , ,„„„ ,,r tllllOTC - L ™ 1is ' c' 0 ™ fllcnds arc fe * 19lti: Fu postwar miners, he isei] a pension. L pires of unoTRanr/.ed workers m steel, autos, rubber, glass and other Industries. Iti gaining these ends, the UO- yejir-old mine chieftain has defied three presidents. He has dared engineered bitter feuds .... Mr. Roosevelt and later \\ith Philii) Murray, the man ewis j>tcK-rt to , Ms shoes as CIO president in 1940. He has hopped irom APL to CIO to independence, back to AFL and tnen once more to independence in pursuit of his ever changing tactical aims. To Saul Alinsky. who calls his new book on John L. an "unauthorized biography," Lewis is a you my word there is nothing there." Of Secretary of Interior Km;;: "A great, modern Hercules, with a No. 12 shoe and No. 5 hat." Of Cyrus Ching. federal mediator: ". . . n remarkable man, who sees through eyes o( United States Rubber." (Chili;; was once a U. s. Rubber Co. executive.) Lewis lards his speech with phrases from the Bible mid Shakespeare. His public remarks usually are flowery and ponderous, often edged with sarcasm and delivered in thundering tones. But iie can be brutally blunt, ns when he quit the APt. iii 1941 wllh a four-word mes- Brothcls A Bangkok Best-Seller BANGKOK— lift— The best seller n the literary deml-world of this fabulous city is called "The Black Shadow." The book gives complete lutormntlon as to the exact svhcrc- ahouts of houses of ill fame. It cites prices and even vnhic received. The book has moused many Thai citizens. One sent a letter to the Bangkok Post, an American pi\>- Ushect daily, protesting the book is selling like tioi cakes. The buyers? Tourists. The government permits houses o( prostitution to exist when II- Court Grants Exchange Of Harmonica That's Flat WASHINGTON —tip,— Richard K. Volland, 19, bought a harmonica. .Some of the notes sounded flat to him so he took it back. The. store wouldn't do anything about it, Volland went l« court. Judge George n. Neilson requested him to play the harmonica. He did. Judge Neilson said it sounded pretty bad. "Let's have another try." he said. Volland obliged. The Judge said it still sounded bad. He gave (he store tivu weeks to make good, or else. He spends his time at home read- Ing HIP classics, inilllnvy history and ocfii.sionally n detective yarn. Books are his deepest pleasure. The almost Rental private Lewis seems to glory In the awe and anguish inspired by his public thunderbolts. In his "llu-one room" in the basement of UMW headquarters In Washington, the wnlls are Ililck wllh pictures and cartoons of Lewi-, culled from the press through the, turbulent ycnrs. These and other exhibit* roughly sketch his rise Irom n mine worker to union president In 1920. through bloody days when the union v, is made strong. Into the tense '3(h when ttie CIO wns born »nd Lewis generated the big motor strikes, and Jinally into the present. Lewis shows no signs of yielding hi.s manlle, though he will be 70 next February. On the conlrnn rumors say he may have- big new- plans. But no one really knows, nnd prertiding John I,. Lewis Is the riskiest game Imaginable. censed, but frowns on the practice, rnrljonntc. A pearl consists mainly of calcium jsa^e to Green. All this is the front the public sees. According to Alinsky, a sympathetic biographer, it is a carefully contrived facade. In private. Lewis is said to be warm, amiable, filled with humor and good stories. Once he was a fairly regular Washington party-goer, but lie shrinks from thilt The Jackson Momorlal Research Lalx)iatory at Bar Harbor. Maine, has the world's oldest pure-bred strain of mice, covering 220 generations. It was started In 1909. The same number of generations In men would have- had to start In 3500 B.C. Thomas A. Edison 111 the world's first electric light on a Sunday afternoon In October 1879. He watched It burn until Tuesday noon, and then deliberately burned it out by increasing the current. 194.1: For ilir roal strike, I was called "Hitler's helper." the best disciplined and strongest labor force ever seen. Without mentioning "strike," he can take them out of the pits in a flash. A quiet signal, a secret word, or even silence will do it. I,r.wls has lilkcrl their hourly wages from dismal depths to a plane above the national average, for workers. He has won them pensions and other benefits. Just since 1910 their take-home pay has trip- t>7 - * f*V* rfe • '• - -' * . , i * —> CLEAN FLAME RADIANT HEATER SIndcl n-100 The new Guihcrson Clean Flame Ratliant Heater fcecpa homes .snug and warm on wintry days. It'i ideal, too, for fishing cam pi and hunting lodges... it's a source of ready heat for offices, ware houses, cattle barns, or an; hard to heat buiUling. Quick, radiant heat at lowest cost niakts a friend of every user. Giiihcrson's exclusive Clean I lame burner converts low-cost No. 1 distillate or kerosene to an intense flame—no fumes, no odor, no muss... the result of 15 years of research, cnyinti-t- ing, and experience in the combustion of fuel oils. A *inflU control f« ff ulo(«f rft* compJiftl/ *of» . . . l/nrferwrile opprcvid. I/I OH 11 oe firoitd to own lliii streamlined radiant heater. SEE IT rooAr at JIMMIE EDWARDS FURNITURE CO. 301 East Main Phone 2487 udson invades lower-price field 7 WITH FAMOUS' STEP-DOWN DESIGN TJfff JV£W ON DISPLAY FOR THE FIRST TIME TODAY! See this engineering triumph ... a trim-size, new car with the sensational advantages of Hudson's years-ahead "step-down" design . . . A streamlined beauty with a colorful new interior featuring gorgeous wool fabrics combined v/i1h plasiic Dura-fab trim ... f . ' * compartment, even oufsidp.'the rear wheels— rduxeil'm the roomiest seats in any automobile. automobile with more room A neal-as-can-be than any other car at any price, except another Hudson; yet a car that costs you less to buy less to drive! H U • On dia- TUIISON'S NEW PACEMAKER is here today! . . . --L play today! . . .You can see it htiluy! For the first time in motor-car history, you cnn hnvo com- pacljirsw and lower price with big-car comfort and ridinK dualities, hor here is an agile car with more inside room Hum m nny other cur nl any price, except another Hudson. H's a trim, tidy car with a lower center of gravity than any oilier make-ami because of this you gel a smoother road-hugging ride than 13 possible in even llio costliegt cars hunt- the old-fashioned way. Here Hudson's "step-down" design gives you not only all (he room comfort safety amT amazing readability, but a so all the low-built beauty, the long, free-flowing lines that can come only with the "step-down" way of building motorcars. livery body line in naturally beautiful even to the graceful cimcs of the Full-View windshield! This is Hudson's new Pacemaker . . . priced for million,', of new-car buyers! You ride xca,nly-\n Hudson's single-unit, all-welded, all itecl body-and-frame'- M /<-;v within a box- tcction foundation frame that surrounds the passenger cnrburclion and fuel inlake that rnaie it a lighlning-liko performer with surprisingly saving ways! And this amazing cnr brings you Hudson's new Supcr- matic Drive (optional nt extra cost)—the only automatic transmission Hint includes the fuel-saving advantages of overdrive and thnt shifts gears just as yon want to shift, that doesn't creep lit lights, that doesn't slip as you roll Along. There are more . . . many more . . . fresh, colorful and desirable features in this great new cnr . . . loo many to mention here. Hadn't .you belter see it. today? *Trrrtirmark find pnlent* pttiftirig. AVAILABLE WITH HUDSON'S NEW SUPER-MAT1C DRIVE NOW ... 3 GREAT HUDSON SERIES ONLY CARS WITH STEP ;DOWN DESIGN BURNETT HUDSON SALES 114 South Lilly Phone 6991 Clcmi-Flami! CLEAN-BURNING Consuming ALL the fuel, the Cl.i-AN.-Fi.AME i?urner not only produces more hc:u from lea fuel, but does it JIMMIE EDWARDS FURNITURE CO. 301 East Main Phone 2487 HEATER WITH THE SMALL APPETITE! The Guibcrson Lov;-Coy is n beautifully-designed, benulifully engineered circulating hcnler created to do n big heating job on ihe least amount of fuel... to give you fl Rood-looking, wonderfully efficient heater VhM you wilt Vie pioutl to own. /eoluru friar maJce ffit Low-Boy i>4i (LUMUUl Uulti ( $i;i, l-51-epitf >rsl 1 tnatit bwflir aii }->n r ,il gt\>t< /I/so Model DC7501.T tor oufside Ititl t*nk. I.allied by Underwriters' Laboratories Don't wail —come in /VOW and see the Low-Boy and other fine Gu;faerson oi/ heaters.' JIMMIE EDWARDS FURNITURE CO. 301 East Main Phone 2487 i

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