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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 114 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS JET CRASHES IN VILLAGE STREET — Thunderjet plane crashed and exploded in a street. Fireman and volunteers work to clear up debris The pilot was killed and at- least six persons were and empty water from a huge crater in street at injured. Wantagh is on Long Island's south shore. Wantogh, Long Island, N. Y., after a F84 Republic (AP Wirephoto) Senate Vote On Farm Bill Uncertain Election-Year Oratory Has Delayed Action WASHINGTON (AP) — A bumper crop of election-yea oratory made it uncertain to day how soon the Senate would get around to voting on controversial new farn legislation. Sen. Young (R-ND), floor leader for a bipartisan group of senators who are bucking the Eisenhowei administration plan for flexible farm price supports, said in an Blocks to EDC Plans By JOHN M. HIGHTOWEB WASHINGTON (AP) — Russia's new proposal for a Big Four foreign ministers meeting is officially regarded here as part of a persistent drive to wreck anti-Communist defenses and to destroy eventually American leadership of the free world. interview: . .•-->,'.-.•„<..,-....,=•.-..»... "If we can pick up three more votes we can win." Young favors a one-year extension of present rigid supports on five basic crops — cotton, wheat, corn, rice and peanuts. He said a long list of speeches probably would prevent any major Votes today. Sen. Aiken (R-Vt). floor manager for the administration proposals, insisted in a separate interview that the Senate would back flexible supports when the show- dtwn comes. "We've not lost a vote," Aiken added. Hope for Vote Both Aiken and Sen. Anderson (D-NM), former secretary of agriculture and a longtime backer of flexible supports, said they hoped for a vote before the Senata quits tonight. In a speech prepared for Senate delivery, Young recounted repeated statements by Secretary of Agriculture Benson in opposition to continued rigid price supports, and he added: "This is not what we promised to farmers two years ago during the election campaign. "I challenge anyone in.the Senate of the United States to point to a single speech by President Eisenhower during his campaign two years ago in the Midwest where he ever mentioned flexible price supports." Amendment Pending' Pending is an arnanclment sponsored by Aiken, Anderson and other members of the 'Senate Agriculture Committee that would put into operation next year a system of flexible supporis ranging from 80 to 90 per cent of parity on the See FARM on Page 2 Truck Kills Wilson GIF I At Wynne WYNNE — Jane Chapman, 8. of of Wilson was killed last night when her bicycle ran down an embankment and underneath an empty semi-trailer truck traveling on Highway 1 near a railroad underpass in Wynne. She was the only child of Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Chapman of Wilson, who were visiting Mrs. Chapman's uncle, Dr. R. G. Kemp, a chiropractor in Wynne. The back wheel of the trailer passed over the child's body and she was dea'd on arrival at a hospital about 10 minutes after the accident, Hilman Robinson of Cherry Valley, driver of the truck, said that he saw the child and two companions sitting on their bicycles at the top of an embankment but had passed and knew nothing of the accident until he heard a bumb and screams of the other children. No charges were filed- against Robinson and police said they thought the accident was unavoidable. Officials said today Britain and France stand firmly with the United States in . opposition to this Kremlin campaign. They forecast that the Russian proposal for new talks on European security will be turned down by joint decision. Three-power talks on a reply are now getting under way in London. Armament Block However, further Soviet moves are expected. The belief here is that the Russians may try to devise proposals of increasing attractiveness to Western Europ Their immediate major aim is to block West German rearmament. Their 'proposal for' an "over-al European security system has been put forth as an alternative to the Western-sponsored European Defense Community proposing to rearm Western Germany as part oJ a six-nation army. EDC is due to come up for action soon in the French Assembly. R u s s i a's over-all campaign aimed at destroying U.S. leadership and isolating the United States is being developed along two main lines. One is directed toward convincing non-Communist nations not only in Europe but all over the world that the Communist bloc wants only peace. The agreement either be rejected, or approved with so many amendments that it will be useless. Secretary of State Dulles told a 'College' Clash Grows Warmer— Dupe of Reds, Faubus Says; Cherry Adamant Governor Still Says Opponent Was Enrolled By LEON HATCH Of The Associated Press Orval Faubus last night pictured himself as the dupe it was he who~launched"the "whis- i of Communists who used his name to give an Arkansas flavor to Commonwealth College after.he had already left the campus. Whispers' Are Denied By Jones Gov.Cherry Replies on Subversion pering campaign" which thrust gu bernatorial candidate Orval Fau bus into a deep-seated controvers over activities at Mena's Common wealth College. Jones told a KARK-TV audience involving Faubus, but that he had discussed what he called a "whis pering campaign by Gov. Cherry'; forces" with former Congressman Boyd Tackett. Tackett charged in a speech Tuesday night, that Jones had originated the rumors that Faubus was a student at Communistic Indo-China fits into that line, as does their European plan. The other line is directed toward convincing the free nations that the United States is not peaceful but is committed to starting a new- War. President Eisenhower told his news conference yesterday the Soviets are "spending literally billions in different kinds of propaganda" and using subversion and oribery to drive this contention of theirs toward acceptance by millions. The President declared the United States must "be more imaginative in finding ways to combat" the Soviet campaign. The latest Soviet maneuver was made yesterday when Russian ambassadors in Paris, London and Washington delivered notes proposing the foreign ministers of the Big Four powers should meet _n August or September to discuss the calling of a big all-European confsrence on European security and on some German problems. The Russians had made like proposals earlier, most recently on July 24, urging creation of a European-wide security system which vvould include Russia and the Iron Curtain countries. They have frank- y offered this as an alternative to EDO. They have suggested that the United States should be a member, that Red China should be an observer and that Russia might be aken into the North Atlantic Trea- y Organization. The whole concept of such a security system clashes with the systems in being and proposed by he Western powers with the goal of. blocking any future Soviet ag- ression. French and British as well as well as American government eaders have repeatedly asserted heir nations would never permit Russia to wreck NATO by any >uch maneuver. They have also declared support of the proposed EDC as providing essential trength for NATO. The EDC plan, put forth by France more than two years ago. aces considerable opposition in he French Assembly. American fficials say there is no doubt that, he purpose of the Russian coun- erproposal is to influence French hinking. These officials say the Soviet ope is that when Premier Menes-France presents EDC to the Assembly for action—as he has promised to do this month—it will i could see no profitable results to be gained by holding further meetings unless Russia' changes its basic attitude. Officials- said subsequently Dulles' statement could be taken to apply specifically to the Soviet July 24 proposal for a European security conference. Presumably it applies as well to the new Soviet call for a big four meeting. middle 1930s. He said Jones had divulged the information during a "midnight" telephone conversation. Jones, however, said the conversation Which Tackett referred to was conducted in the living room of Tackett's home on the night of July 9. He said he discussed the "whispering campaign" which he credited to Gov. Cherry • and his campaigners, hoping that Tacketi could help the situation. Tackett prosecuted the case against Commonwealth in 1935 when the school was investigated for alleged subversive activities. The school no longer is in operation. Jones said the former Congressman assured him that nothing had come out of the Commonwealth investigations that could give Faubus, "anything but a clean bill of health." Jones showed a list which he said .contained the names of instructors and students at Commonwealth — obtained by a legislative committee in Feb., 1935. *** *1T *'-• *T* Long Ballot Tuesday Will Be Easy to Mark Mississippi County voters will face a lengthy ballol when they go to the polls in next Tuesday's Democratic Runoff Primary, but for most people it won't be much of a chore to mark them since all but four contestants for state, district and county positions are unopposed — and no write-ins are permitted. The ballot for Mississippi Coun- six state, four district and 11 ty voters will contain entries for Typhoid Shots Available at Health Unit There is "no reason for people in North Mississippi County to contract typhoid" with immunization shots being offered by the county health unit. County Health Nurse Anabel Fill said today. Numerous inquiries have been made concerning the shots since report of cases in the Bassett Area. Mrs. Fill said in announcing the current schedule for the in- noculations being administered by the unit. Weekly typhoid " clinics are conducted at 9 a. m. each Friday morning at Dell; .at 9 a. m. each Wednesday morning at Luxora, and all day each Monday in Blytheville, she said. Four clinics were conducted in May for white and fc •; for colored at Burdette also, she added. \ total of 5,794 typhoid shots have now been given during the current season by the North Mississippi County Health Unit. "Everyone is urged to go to their private physician for in- noculations or to the above clinics held weekly by the health unit," Mrs. Fill said. The clinics are conducted by Mrs. Fill and Mrs. Clara Ambrose. county posts. In addition, ballots for each township in the county will contain names of all candidates, both opposed and unopposed, for constable and justice of the peace in that township. Topping all ballots in the state will be the race that has turned into a blazing hot political duel during the past 10 days. This is the contest for governor, pitting challenger Orval Faubus, Huntsville publisher and former chairman of the Highway Commission under ex-Gov. Sid McMath, against incumbent Francis Cherry of Jonesboro, fighting for a second two-year span as Arkansas's chief executive. Quite Race One other contest is being waged on the state level. Incumbent Vance Clayton is defending his office as treasurer against Sam Jones. Four other state posts for which incumbents are all unopposed, include Nathan Gordon, Lt. governor: C. G. Hall secretary of state; J. Oscar Humphrey, state auditor; and George Rose Smith, associte justice of the supreme court. In four district offices to be filled, a contest exists in only one. The first division is open this year with incumbent W. Leon Smith declining to run for re-election. Seeking to replace Judge Smith are Jim Hyatt of Osceoia and Lee Ward of Paragould. A third contestant, J. G. Waskom of Paragould, originally filed for the post but withdrew early in the cam- See ELECTIONS on Page 2 had been a visitor — not a student — at the now-defunct "labor" school near Mena in 1935 for not more than two weeks. Meanwhile, Gov. Francis Cherry, whom Faubus is opposing for a second term, hammered away at his contention that Faubus had been a reguar student and a campus leader — not for two weeks but for at least two and one-half months. Each candidate accused the other of misrepresenting facts in the Commonwealth matter, which has shunted all other campaign issues into the background for nearly a week now. Faubus said the only- reason the issue had been raised was "to plant suspicion in the minds of the people that I was subversive — tainted by Communism." And Cherry said that Faubus had given several different versions of his 19-year-ago association with Commonwealth, which after its closing about 10 years ago was officially listed as Communistic. "None of them", Cherry declared, "is the truth." Hinges on Date The question of whether Faubus was at Commonwealth — as visitor or student — seems to hinge partly at least on .whether he was there in February, 1935. His name is mentioned in two issues of a college bi-weekly'news- paper dated in May and June, 1935. Cherry, who appeared last night night on television from Fort Smith, contended again that Faubus had placed himself on the campus around mid-February and the May and June references showed he must have been there a matter of months. • Cherry referred to a statement Faubus made that one of the reasons he left Commonwealth without enrolling was that he learned the college head had testified before an investigating committee of the Arkansas legislature that he, the college president, didn't believe in God. Cherry coupled this with a newspaper clipping showing that a legislative investigating committee visited the college and took testimony for several days in mid-February. Claim List Suppressed But last night Faubus, speaking from Pine Bluff, denied specifically that he was at Commonwealth in February. And he said Cherry had suppressed a report of the egislative investigating committee which listed names of Arkansas students at the college in February and which showed he was not there. "Francis Cherry claims," Faubus continued, "that I must have See POLITICS on Page 2 Nixon Appoints FORT SMITH, Ark. UP) — Gov. Francis Cherry last night, by telegram, answered Orval E. Faubus' invitation to "call me a subversive." Faubus had told Cherry and Cherry's supporters he would file libel suits if the charge were made. Cherry ended his speech here last night by reading a message which he said would be wired to Faubus. It read: "I have had considerable experience in the field of law, both as a practicing attorney and judge. I am familiar with the law of libel. Now as to your question as to whether or not you are subversive? I must confess that I can- net answer that question. Only you Mr. Faubus, from the depths of your heart and conscience, can answer that question. " I do state, without equivocation, that Commonwealth College was engaged in subversive activity during the first five month of 1953 I state to you that the four separate and distinct statements you have made concerning your relationship with Common- j side " of the aisle wealth College are not all true, j Colorado's Edwin Tohnson is the Senators to Check Censure Proposals WASHINGTON (AP) — Vice President Nixon today appointed a six-member Senate committee to make an investigation of the conduct of Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and consider proposals that he be censured. The members: Sen. Arthur V. Watkins (R-Utah). Sen. Frank Carlson CR-Kans.) Sen. Francis Case (R-SD). Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo). Sen. John C. Stennis, (D-Miss). Sen. Sam J. Ervin (D-N.C.) While Nixon announced the appointees, the actual selection were made by party leaders. The Senate Democratic Policy Committee had an early-morning rneetnig to decide finally on the Democratic members. At its conclusion, Sen. Lyndon D. Johnson of Texas, Democratic Floor leader, said, without disclosing the names, that his party's selections "are men who are symbols for patriotism, integrity and judicial tem- perment." Johnson added: "Two of them have had eminent careers as jurists. The third is one of the most beloved and respected senior senators on the minority "I suggest you ask your attorney the legal effect of the above statement." Cherry's statement continued: ' ; Mr. Faubus, what I am interested in knowing, and what the voters of Arkansas are interested in knowing, is this: When you were first asked about your connection with Commonwealth College, why didn't you tell the truth?. "Please do not send me any more telegrams unless you answer that question." Cherry contends that Faubus was a student at Commonwealth during the early part of 1935. Orval Faubus Will Speak Here Tonight Gubernatorial Candidate Orval Faubus of Huntsville will deliver an address at 7:30 tonight on the Court House lawn here. Faubus and Gov. Francis Cherry are waging a run-off battle for the Democratic nomination for Governor following the first primary in which Faubus finished second to Cherry. The speech, which marks the only public talk oy a candidate here during the summer gubernatorial campaign to date, will be broadcast tonight and rebroadcast tomorrow. Faubus will be introduced by Mayor E. R. Jackson. County and j the committee in a quiet, matter- district candidates have been invit- j of-fact voice, after calling a quo- ed to make three-minute appear- rum of the members to the cham senior senator to whom Lyndon Johnson referred. Edwin C. Johnson, 70, has been in the Senate since 1937 and is outranked by only seven senators in point of service. Will Retire A former Colorado governor (1933-37), he has announced his intention to retire rrom the Senate and run again for the governorship. Stennis. 55, is a former Mississippi circuit judge. He has been in the Senate since 1947. Ervin, 57, was appointed to the Senate .only last June 5 on the death of the veteran Sen. Clyde (d-NC). Ervin stepped down from hi s state's supreme court bench to accept the appointment. Sen. Knowland of California, the Republican leader, described his task in advance as one of selecting men of judicious temperament who had not become deeply involved in the controversy over McCarthy. Watkins, 67, is a former judge in Utah. He was elected to the Senate in 1946. Served 6 Terms Carlson, 61, is a former governor of Kansas. He was elected to the Senate in 1950. Carlson had previously served six terms in the House, 1935-47. . Case, 57, has been in the Senate since 1949. Previously, he had served 12 years in the House where he was a member of the Un- American Activities Committee. Vice President Nixon made the announcement of appointment of Rains Fait To Defeat Drought ances at the rally. See MCCARTHY on Page 2 Council Won't Change Traffic Flow on Tenth Iranian Oil Industry Scheduled To Resume with Western Aid By ROBERT H. JOHNSON JR. AP Staff Writer Farmers and ranchers are glum and dispirited in the vast drought country where corn and cotton droop and cattle graze on brown pastures. , • . "Unless we assist in every possible way," says Agriculture Commissioner John White of Texas, "thousands of our rural people will have to abandon the land." White speaks for only one state. But drought still rules all the great plains, in spite of recent rains and federal aid already granted to six states. : Good rains in sun-burned sections of the South and East hav« been more helpful—but not enough to save most crops. Here is what men who live on th-_ seared land throughout the dis» aster areas say: ONLY A LOT more rain, and then * » * still more, can finally beat the drought and save them—and when, 1 that happy day will arrive is an impossible guess. Meanwhile, they need federal help to hang on — and, they grumble, they aren't getting enough. "I don't think they're expecting a 'dole'," White said. "'For the sr-.ke of our economic future, we have to help the little farmer and rancher stay on the farm. We can't help them if they are forced to drift into the cities to seek me- ployment." The number of states eligible for federal aid reached six this week when Oklahoma and Missouri were added to Colorado, Wyoming, New Mexico and Texas. * V * SIX MORE states — Alabama, Arkansas, Kansas, Kentucky, Georgia and Tennessee — have asked to be included. Still, as of today, the situation appears slightly better than it was 10 days ago, when nothing but heat soaked the country from See RAIN AND on Page 2 Osceoia Boy Top Tractor Driver W. L. Gillespie of Osceoia was announced today as winner of the 1954 state 4-K tractor driving- championship award. _„-„,.„,„ ..,_,... He won over 57 county cham- TEHRAK Iran L?) - Representatives of eight oig Western oil pions . n of whom were fina iists companies and the Iranian go\ r ernment announced broad agreement i at the 23rd annual 4-H Week now today to restart Iran's frozen oil industry. They said they hoped to be-! being conducted on the University gin shipping at least some of the oil again in about two months. ? of Arkan « a s campus at Fayette- Under the agreement announced simultaneously in Tehran and London, the eight companies as a con- rate of payment to Iran but informed sources said it was virtually the same 50-50 split that pre- wai operate the vast j vails elsewhere in the Middle East, refinery and the surround- I Amini and Page estimated that | j^son^T Etow^^ won vilie. A finalist in the event was Dickie Nokes of Promised Land. Leonard Swain of Gosnell was a "B" award winner in the soybean judging contest; Kenneth to changing the ordinance which - Jackson Qf Ewwa WQn a « B ,, made North Tenth Street a through | ^? oil fields. They will buy the Iran through airect oil revenue jfl , n mustrated telks: Shirley ! oil output trom Iran and will sell I and taxes, would get -420 million ; s , n Qf Keiger won a « B ,, award the production abroad. Iran will dollars during the first three years i ,_ fnoH n r P nsr Q «™v rf^Trmr^traH,™ street. The action was taken following Adjournment of Tuesday night's public meeting and was not in the brm of a resolution or ordinance. product retain title to the fields and the refining facilities. Settlement of the three-year dip- Minutes of the meeting simply j lomatic battle was announced in a note that the Council agreed to let joint statement by Iranian Finance he ordinance regarding Tenth j Minister All Amini and Howard ;tand as is. Page of Standard Oil of New Jer- Several persons living along the | sey, chairman of the negotiators ;treet want traffic slowed as a dust j for the oil companies, control measure. Their statement did not detail the U. S. Far East Commander's Estimate: Red Navy May Have 90 Subs in Pacific Area in food demonstration, Bassett of ot the arrangement. The estimate i and Lin(ia for the third year, more than 187 i Ridge won an « A> , award ^ home million, is larger than Iran's pre- , manag ement demonstration. nationalization oil revenue. The agreement will run for 25 years, with provisions for three 5-vear extensions. Weather' By ROBERT EUNSON TOKYO W)—The Russian Navy may have as many as 90 subma- ines in the Pacific area, Vice Adm. William Callaghan, commander of U.S. naval forces in he Far East, estimated today. "These submarines definitely /ouid be a threat to maintaining ea lines of communication." said he tall, grey-haired admiral, vhose job would be tofight them n the event of war with the So- nets. "Russia has a total of 375 submarines," Callaghan said in an in- erview, "and we feel it would be easonable to expect that one-quar- ter of them are in the Pacific." He intimated the Russian Pacific fleet also has 50 destroyers and two cruisers, but no aircraft carriers or battleships. "Submarines and air power are their greatest threat, so far as Soviet capability is concerned," Callaghan said. Two weeks ago, Gen. Earle E. Partridge, Far East Air Forces commander, said combined Soviet, Chinese and North Korean air forces had 7,500 planes, most of them Russian. Russian ground strength in the Far East has been estimated at 35 combat divisions by a high-rank- ing officer on the staff of Gen. jjohn E. Hull, Far East command- irrigation Tour Tickets Released An additional list of persons and firms where tickets to the all-day irrigation tour was released today! MISSOURI — Partly cloudy with by Blytheville's Chamber of Com-, scattere d thunderstorms north, gen- miirop anri f.hp r"?niinf.v Aff^nr.'s of- "— -• - •— *-T- -»-j- - *•• -— - ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy, hot this afternoon and tonight widely scattered thundershowers-extreme north tonight; Friday partly cloudly, scattered thundershowers and not so hot north. er. Callaghan, the first skipper ot the famed battleship Missouri, is a the Amphibious Force, West Pa- j fj, ce . cific, made up of attack trans- The tour will begin at 9 a.m. one i ^ ports, cargo ships and landing i wee k from today and will include j an ^ craft. He also is in command of ' .... i fleet activities in the Navy yards thundershowers veteran of both world wars. He ! at Yokosuka and Sasebo, Japan, was in charge of the Military Sea j and Inchon and Pusan in Korea. Transportation Service during the | Although there are no battle- afternoon; spreading into portion of state tonight : ..., considerable cloudiness. visits to various irrigational pro- j north 3^^. turning cooler north jects and a noon fish-fry at Big this afternoon and tonight and Korean War. His present command includes the U.S. 7th Fleet, made up of de- ships in the Far East at present, there are four aircraft carriers—the Boxer, Philippine Sea, York- stroyers, cruisers and aircraft ; town and H»met. The latter three Lake. Once again, sponsors stressed importance of getting tickets for those who plan to attend the -fish fry. Here's additional list of persons and places having tickets: Farmers Implement, Westbrook carriers, but presently no battleships. The 7th Fleet is charged wi preventing a Chinese Red invasion of Formosa, Chinese Nationalist redoubt. ' Callaghan also is m charge of are doing service with the 1st Fleet Machine Shop, Bill McLeod, Riley in the South Pacific, The Boxer Bonch, Walter Daniels, Ben Eoff, has been in Yokosuka undergoing J H. C. Knappenberger, J. V. Oates. routine repairs to the flight deck. ; Curtis Duncan, Burell Johns, L. K. Asked about, the chances the Rus- \ Holt, Arnold Watkins and A. C. Sec RED FLEET on Page 2 ' Owens. cooler over the state Friday. Minimum tbls morning;—77. Maximum, yesterday—102. Sunrise tomorrow—5:14. Sunset today—6:58. Mean temperature (midway batweea high and low)—89.5. Precipitation last 34 bouri M 7:00 a.m. today—none. Precipitation J*n. 1 «• M* 4ftt#— 26.62. This Date Last TMt Maximum yesterday—99. Minimum this morning—71. Precipitation January 1 M «*t»— 34.55.