The Pensacola News from Pensacola, Florida on December 17, 1971 · 1
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The Pensacola News from Pensacola, Florida · 1

Pensacola, Florida
Issue Date:
Friday, December 17, 1971
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S. n 0) TOJ By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The war between India and Pakistan ended today, with the new nation of Bangla Desh established in East Pakistan. In 14 days of fighting more than 2,000 Indian soldiers had died, at least that many Pakistanis and uncounted civilians. President Agha Mohammed Yayha Khan of Pakistan accepted India's proposal for a cease-fire on the western front. "I am accepting the Indian proposal for a cease-fire in the interest of peace and stability on the subcontinent," he said. Yahya ordered Pakistani forces in West Pakistan to halt the fighting at 9:30 a.m., EST, the time set by India in a unilateral cease fire. Only 24 hours earlier he had vowed to fight "until all occupied areas are taken back," , India announced the cease fire Thursday after Pakistan's army had surrendered in East Pakistan, 1,000 miles from the western front. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi greeted Yahya's acceptance by saying: "I must be careful because I don't know yet whether it will be a full peace." If the decision were left to India, she added, "there will be a full peace, but we cannot say this about Pakistan." Official sources in New Delhi said India suffered more than 10,000 casualties in the war on both fronts 2,307 killed, 6,163 wounded, and 2,163 missing. Of these 1,021 were killed in the east and 1,286 in the west, they added. There have been no figures on Pakistan losses, but the Indian Defense Ministry says Pakistan's losses are much higher than India'sand few doubt this. The future of Yahya Khan's military government is in doubt. He had moved recently to transfer control to civilians, and this trend will gain impetus under such men as Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. As deputy prime minister and foreign minister, he says Pakistan should have democratic government soon. The commander of India's eastern front said some Pakistani soldiers in outlying areas apparently had not received instructions from their headquarters in Dacca and were still fighting. These included units at Khulma, 90 miles southeast of Dacca, and near Sylhet and Comilla in the north and east. Lt. Gen. J. S. Aurora, who accepted Pakistan's surrender in Dacca, said his troops will remain in East Pakistan for a time to help repatriate war prisoners, re-establish law and order and communications, and help with the return of Bengali refugees from India. He expected most Indian forces to withdraw within weeks. The general was hailed as a hero by the Bengalis. He said the defeated soldiers from West Pakistan were being allowed to keep their weapons until they arrived in POW camps because of fear that vengeful Bengalis "would butcher them" in reprisal for the Pakistani Army's war on the Bengali independence forces since last March. "The bitterness in Dacca you have to see it to believe it," he told reporters. ' He denied that the Mukti Ba-hini, the Bengali guerrillas, have begun killing captured Pakistani soldiers. Aurora said he expected all Pakistani troops to be disarmed within two days and movement of the prisoners of war to India to begin "as soon as it can." In a short speech to her Parliament, Mrs. Gandhi said India wants to build its relations with Pakistan on a "basis of friendship." "This is what precipitated us to call the western cease-fire," she said. India had Soviet backing in the war while China supported Pakistan, but there has been no evidence of direct intervention by either power. The Soviet role included vetoes in the United Nations to delay a call for cease-fire. Mrs. Gandhi said: "The coming months will especially bring new and complex problems. We must be very vigilant to safeguard our integrity and interests and above all our fundamental beliefs of our national existence." A Bangla Desh civil administration, led by four senior civil servants, was going to Dacca to take over general administrative responsibilies. Gen. Aurora will exercise over-all supervision. Mrs. Gandhi again' pledged no reprisals against the Pakistani soldiers in East Pakistan or the East Pakistanis who collaborated with them. She expressed hope that Sheik Mujibur Rahman, the East Pakistani political leader held prisoner by Yahya Khan, "will take his rightful place and lead the Bangla Desh people to peace, progress and prosperity." Sheik Mujib was arrested in March when the West Pakistani army cracked down on the East Pakistani secessionist movement. Radio Pakistan claimed that before the cease-fire Indian and Pakistani troops were engaged in heavy fighting near Shakar-garh in the Sialkot sector near the border of southern Kashmir. It said: "Indian forces have suffered sizable losses of tanks and personnel." An Indian spokesman said a , tank battle raged for the third straight day about 10 miles inside West Pakistani territory, near Sialkot. The spokesman claimed Indian forces also had occupied three more Pakistani posts in the Kargil range of northern Kashmir, bringing to 36 the number of Pakistani positions the Indians claim to have taken in the 14,000-foot mountains. . Lt. Gen. K. P. Candeth, commanding general of Indian Turn to 14-DAY Page ISA f "' """'"WI'"'wi. i.J-i,..J...J,uiijiiii ill iiiiiiii.iiihj.u.,i..j ip I - I ; If ''till!! fi msm r fiiii: r - fiipl- -vV S imp mm mmmmmMm,.-!,. .... w.wlh n .tKM.iaK.:., .... : fcf.r , '' BANGLA DESH MISSION IN Mission Thursday in Washington. The WASHINGTON Deputy Chief Enayet mission opened today. Behind them is Karim, left, poses with Sams Kibria, a the Bangla Desh flag. Story on Page 2A. political officer, inside the Bangla Desh (P,nl,col, N4W,.AP Wirephet0) cTne(New MAURICE CHEVALIER, hospitalized for treatment of a kidney deficiency, was markedly improved today, although his condition remains serious, a medical bulletin said. Doctors at the Necker Hospital kidney center said the 83-year-old entertainer spent an excellent night. BANDITS running from a crowded department store killed a policeman with a burst of machinegun fire Thursday night as the officer was putting a ticket on a car parked in front of the store in Montreal, Canada. The three bandits escaped but dropped a sack containing the $50,000 payroll for the Simpson department store. Police said a fourth man may have driven a getaway car. Constable Jean-Guy Sabourin, 32, was the second Montreal policeman killed in three months. Five others were wounded in the same period. . PARLIAMENT failed to elect a president of Italy again today on the ninth day of balloting as more electors abstained than voted. The deadlocked Catholic and Marxist blocs stuck to candidates whose chances seemed slimmer each day. No compromise candidate had emerged as the marathon election went through its 14th ballot. INDIANS celebrating victory over Pakistan stoned the U.S. Information Service offices in Calcutta today and burned effigies of Presidents Nixon and Agha Mohammed Yahya Khan of Pakistan outside. Police set up a cordon around the building. No damage was reported and no arrests were made. Thousands of jubilant Indians marched through Calcutta's teeming streets throughout the day. 'TIS THE SEASON for the television dealer to rejoice with the college foot-ball bowl games and the National Foot-ball League playoff games coming up. The games mean a rise in TV sales. Luther Golden's column on Page IB. CLOUDY and cooler weather with a chance of showers is forecast for Pensacola tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 55. High Saturday 63. (Story on Ps 1A) News Index Amusements ... 3B Horoscope ..... 4B Bridge 14A Living 7A Classified .... 6-15B Religion 8A Comics 4B Service Column 3A Deaths 6B Sports 1-3B Editorials 4A Television 14A Fred Brown . . . . 2A To Your Health 6A Tony Knight ood evening USO OFFICERS: Capt. (USN, ret) John Haynie, who's assistant to University of West Florida President Harold Bryan Crosby, is the new president of the USO Board ... He succeeds Capt. (USN, ret.) G. J. Tamburello in the presidency . . . Mrs. Betty Caton is the new veep and Howard Rein was re-elected treasurer. NEW SHOP: Look for a new dress shop Gloria's to open this month on North Ninth Avenue. CHRISTMAS FIESTA i Mexican pasteries, much! chocolatte, cafe-calientc, and pinata games for children will highlight the Christmas Fiesta Sunday af- Turn to GOOD EVENING Page 2A Dead Pilots' Names Released The Navy this morning released the names of two Navy flyers stationed at Whiting Field who were killed Thursday evening when their T-28 trainer crashed three miles north of the field near Allen-town. The pilot was identified as Lt. C. D. St. John, 31, of 631 Lakeshore Drive, Milton. He is survived by his wife, Harriet St. John. The student pilot was identified as Marine first Lt. C. W. Connors, 24, of 630 Hilburn Road, Pensacola. He is survived by his wife Janice Connors. A Na7 spokesman said the crash occurred about 7:15 p.m. A Navy accident panel has been convened to determine the cause of the crash. "FIW MB' ieiisacola )Mew; 2 82nd Year, No. 247 2 Sections A Memler of the Gannett Croup Pensacola, Fla., Friday Afternoon, Dec. 17, 1971 32 Pages 15 Cents Defeated Pakistanis Keep Weapons CALCUTTA (AP) - The commander of India's eastern front said today that defeated Pakistani soldiers are being permitted to keep their weapons until they are safely in prisoner of war camps' because of fear that the vengeful Bengalis "would butcher them." "The bitterness in Dacca you have to see It to believe it," Lt. Gen. Jagjit Singh Aurora told newsmen. Aurora, who . Thursday accepted the surrender of Pakistani forces in East Pakistan to the cheers of Bengali throngs, said he expected all Pakistani troops to be disarmed within two days. Movement of prisoners of war from camps in East Pakistan to India will begin "as soon as it can," he said. Aurora said Some Pakistani troops who apparently had not received surrender instructions from their headquarters in Dacca were still fighting up to this morning. The general said Indian soldiers would remain in East Pakistan to help repatriate war prisoners, re-establish law and order and communication lines and help return refugees from India to their homes, but he estimated that most Indian forces will withdraw within weeks. The bitterness of the combat was reflected in Aurora's comment on reports of atrocities committed on civilians by Pakistanis soldiers. "The number of cases that have been brought out indicates they shot a certain number of people before withdrawing," he said. "The treatment of women by Pakistani regulars was extremely bad there were places where we found women inside bunkers." At the surrender, the Pakistanis still had enough ammunition to have fought on for a long time, Aurora said, "but they had lost mobility entirely." Aurora was relaxed and joking as he talked with dozens of newsmen in a crowded briefing room in a downtown Calcutta office building. Aurora said he was surprised Thursday when Lt. Gen. A. A. K. Niazi, the Pakistani commander, told him Pakistani troops and paramilitary rangers in the East had totaled 93,000. . "I was surprised. I thought they had about 70,000," he said. Aurora indicated the war had gone about as he had expected, although he had anticipated a longer campaign lasting up to three weeks. Concerning the safety of Pakistani prisoners, Aurora said: "We decided not to disarm the Pakistanis until we place them in camps for their own protection. I am absolutely certain they would have been butchered otherwise, the local resentment is so great" "We had to put a special guard on Niazi after the surrender signing." But Aurora denied that the Mukti Bahini, the Bengali guerrillas, have begun killing Pakistani soldiers captured around Dacca. He said the guerrillas are returning prisoners over to Indian control. v Li I' i ? ' f 1 Bangla Desh partisans cheer Indian troops entering Dacca, East Pakistan Thursday. jp - . , SURRENDERS - Lt. Gen. W " ; - ' Jagjit Singh Aurora, left, com- , , . ' . ' mander of India's Eastern "v f - . . v , rj f K Command, and Lt. Gen. I . r 4 ' - Jr ' f A.A.K. Niazi, right, Pakistani "V j; f ' Jr commander, sign the docu- J v : . ' , ' s ment Thursday in Dacca sur- ' I 4. fe r i rendering Pakistani forces in IV-, ) ' ' 1 f East Pakistan. Indian officers ' i " I watch in background. --'.;K .... . 'If A 3 . M ' ' - , . . 1 I i V " ' I - . kii-im " ' - Biirnirn nrr i - n r-TTrrPt . ... ri n ,,rlr-ir nBurirmn-wTirl OFFERS CEASE-FIRE India's Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is greeted by well-wishers outside her New Delhi home Friday after she spoke to the Indian Parliament. Mrs. Gandhi challenged the Pakistani government to accept India's cease-fire offer on the western front "or the consequences will rest squarely on the rulers of Pakistan." (Ptnucoll NiwiAP WlrephotojJ i

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