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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L- -NO. 112 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily^New* Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1954 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS To Probe Special Group Gets Issue Of Censuring Senator By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — A 75-12 vote of the Senate last night consigned to a special bipartisan committee a censure move aimed at Sen. McCarthy and evidently signaled a lengthy new investigation of the Wisconsin Republican's conduct. Jf. 3f> If* Woodring lost Faith' In Marshall Letter Made Public By Sen. McCarthy WASHINGTON (AP) — Former Secretary of War Harry H. Woodring says he once "thought very highly" of Gen. George C. Marshall "but I lost faith in him." Woodring had a hand in having Marshall named Army chief of staff in World War n, but a letter made public yesterday by Sen. McCarthy (B-Wis) quoted the former Democratic secretary as saying six weeks ago that Marshall "would sell out his grandmother for personal advantage." Marshall, reached at his home in Leesburg, Va., declined comment. McCarthy offered the letter, dated last June 23, for the Congressional .Record during Senate debate on a move by Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) to censure him. Some of McCarthy's critics had cited as a reason for censure the Wisconsin senator's 1951 speech saying Marshall was "steeped in falsehood." Woodring confirmed in Topeka, Kan., that he had written a letter to Robert M. Harris of New York City to thank him for a book about McCarthy. He told newsmen he had lost faith in Marshall because he thought the general "sold out" Chiang Kai-shek on a postwar peace mission to China for former President Truman. Critical Woodring was secretary of war in 1936-40, but was critical of many of his colleagues in the Franklin D. Roosevelt Cabinet after that. He opposed third and fourth terms for Roosevelt. McCarthy said he had obtained the letter from another senator who got it from Harris, and that Woodring had no objection to its publication. As made public by McCarthy, the letter dealt largely with the hearings into McCarthy's row with Secretary of the Army Stevens and Army Counselor John G. Adams. Stevens and Adams accused McCarthy and Roy M. Cohn, then chief counsel to his Investigations subcommittee, of using improper pressures to obtain favored treatment for draftee G. David Schine, a former aide. McCarthy and Cohn retorted that Stevens and Adams used Schine as a hostage to try to block McCarthy's search for subversives in the Army. Since the hearings ended June 17, Cohn has resigned. Adams, returning to the Pentagon yesterday from a vacation, said he had not resigned, "do not plan to resign and have not been asked to do so." There had been reports that Adams was on the way out. The text of Woodring's letter to Harris, as released by McCarthy: "Dear Bob: "First I want to thank you for the book you had sent, 'McCarthy and His Enemies'—I thought the chapter on Gen, Marshall was very illuminating—but inclined to advance the thought that Marshall acted from judgment;, while I tfcink he knew better in the China question and acted under instructions from the State Department See MARSHALL on Page 12 Sen. Knowland of California, the | GOP leader, predicted appointment by Vice President Nixon "within 48 hours" of a six-member inquiry committee charged with sifting nearly 50 overlapping charges against McCarthy, the Senate's controversial Red hunter. In the face of a, setback in his efforts to force an immediate showdown on the censure issue, McCarthy called for "morning, afternoon and evening sessions" of the group to draft a speedy report. "All I want i s a vote by the Senate," he declared in an interview. Want* Oat*. McCarthy dramatically told the Senate just before it voted last night that he wants "his senatorial critics put under oath before the special committee to repeat their 'scurrilous, false" charges. If they do that, he said, they will "either indict themselves for perjury" or "prove what consummate liars they are." The Senate's vote sent to the special committee a censure motion by Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) — which Flanders punctuated by reading a list of 33 counts against McCarthy—plus six specific accusations against McCarthy by Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark), seven somewhat similar charges by Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) and proposals for study of any charges in the Senate's investigating rules. Knowland said he expects the Senate Republican and Democratic P ioycClommittees to" meet quickly to select the "fine, able men who have not become parti-: sans in this" matter" he said ought to comprise the inquiry group. At the demand of Sen. Ives CUNY), Knowland amended his motion to call for a progress report from the group before Congress adjourns, perhaps within two Weeks. The majority leader said if the committee finds it can't complete its investigation by trjen, the Senate will have to decide whether it wants to stay on in Washington to await a final report while House members go home. Chances Remote Fulbright said he thinks the chances are "very remote" that there will be any final report before the next Congress meets in January. He said he doubts three Democrats and three Republicans will ever agree on NcCarthy, and added that the committee would die automatically with the expiration of the present Congress. Forty Republicans, 34 Democrats and - Sen. Morse voted for Knowland's proposal to set up the special committee, thus breaking through the tangle that had kept the Senate in boiling argument since Friday. Three Republicans—Sen. Cooper (Ky), Duff (Pa), and Flanders- voted against the resolution, as did See McCAETHY on Page 12 2-County Church Session Slated HAYTI — The annual associational meeting of Churches of New the Baptist Madrid and Pemiscot Counties, Mo., will convene at 10 a. m. Aug. 17 in Braggadocio, it was announced today by the Rev. Shirley Sphar, pastor CHECKING PLANS — Jerry Hord (left), project engineer, and J. 0. Crabtree, Fraser Construction Co. engineer, look over the plans for the construction of a fire station and guard house at the Blytheville Air Force Base. Employ- es of Fraser Co. began unloading materials (in right foreground) this morning for the construction of a temporary office and an equipment shed to be used during the job. This is the beginning of one of many construction and repair projects to be undertaken during reactivation of the base. (Courier New* Jrli^to) Faubus Denies'May Day'Talk In Reply to Cherry's Charges By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Orval Faubus swung back at Gov. Francis Cherry today with specific denials that he ever delivered a May Day speech at Commonwealth College — or anywhere else -— or that he attended a 1935 conference at Chattanooga as a representative of the college. f Possibility of Uprising Seen in Guatemala Junta's Order Disbanding Armas 1 Forces Brings Public Resentment GUATEMALA (AP) — Guatemala's ruling military junta ordered President Carloi 1 Castillo Arenas' private army to disband and go home today, but the action generated I rising public resentment. An American Embassy spokesman said there was a possibility of 1 a popular uprising in the capital. The junta ordered the disbanding * - —— • - • " " of Castillo Armas' armed "libera- M^ I I f+ m f tion army/' which sparked the |\ . |||A£ ^^\/C JV /"X P S\. ^% f% overthrow of Communist-backed | \J U I I \+ i *J O Y %) IX W I \S Oil President Jacobo Arben-z Guzman, ! * after regular army units and mill- | « •• \ / * I I I tary academy cadets had battled | /\ &* W\ I t? T I /* /% \/ I ^ I ^ T^^ ^1 the 700 irregulars sporadically for LJk \ \\\\^\\^^ V I VS I Cl I tj U 12 hours yesterday with mortars * %•••»»**• »^*^ w m ^ m *»m m **r ^and tanks. Twelve persons were killed and WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles today 42 wounded in the battling around j sharply accused the Communists of violating the Korean ar- Rooseveit Hospital, where Castillo j mistice. But he said that on balance the violations were not Armas 1 men were camped on the } ser i ous enough to justify resuming the war. outskirts of the capital. The fight- In a news conference, Dulles al- j United States government does no? so disclosed that a new protest has j have a claim to present on behalf been sent through Britain to Com-1 of the damages suffered by it» rriunist China over the loss of three j own citizens. American lives in the shooting! The Korean truce situation canift down of a British airliner almost [ in for discussion. It has been dra- two weeks ago off Hainan Island. I matized in recent days by the visit Dulles said, on another Far East- j here of South Korean President era question, that- United States': Syngman Rhee, who has demanded Cherry brought up these two points last night when he displayed to a television audience documents and photographs which he said proved conclusively that Faubus was a regular student at now-defunct Commonwealth — and not just a non-enrolled visitor for less than two weeks as Faubus contends. Faubus' exact association with Commonwealth, a small "labor" school near Mena, which since its closing has been officially branded as "Communistic," has become the hottest current issue in the runoff contest for governor between Cherry and the Huntsville publish,. . . . *y-— - , e'r. In a breakfast speech at Pine Bluff today Faubus stuck to his previous statement that he was only a brief visitor at Commonwealth in 1935 and went back home without enrolling even though he was elected president of a student association during a pre-semester organizational meeting. Charge Not Specific Cherry, who spoke last night from Little Rock, did not say flatly that Faubus made the 1935 May Day speech at Commonwealth or that his opponent attended the Chattanooga conference. But the governor introduced photographs of what he said were excerpts from the Commonwealth Fortnightly, which he described as an official college bi-weekly. One of these articles said that Orval Faubus would deliver a May Day address: another that he had been selected as one of a group to attend a Chattanooga conference. Faubus today attacked Cherry's use of "this purported college paper." He said that Cherry, while pretending horror at even a casual contact with Commonwealth, took the paper as "his text, his bible." Faubus did not say if he had any idea why his name appeared in the articles cited by Cherry. The candidate said he not only didn't go to the Chattanooga conference, but "I was never in Tennessee in my life until I went there on Army maneuvers in 1942." Faubus declared that Cherry charges were "a smoke screen to hide his own dismal failture, his own sorry record for a first term." Faubus scoffed at what he said was Cherry's assertion that "he's suddenly got to defend himself. That's utterly false. He's been preparing this attack for weeks and months." Calls it Propaganda With a reference to his record in World War Two, Faubus said that "to one who fought with the infantry and Patton's tanks from Normandy to the Elbe River, this is only a propaganda attack and no cause for- alarm." Faubus, whose attempt to defeat Cherry for a second term will be decided at the runoff Democratic primary a week from today, made a television appearance from Little Rock last night after the governor had finished. Faubus said then he had not heard Cherry. ButJie.--accused.-Cherry of ''being the only governor to drag the American flag through the rnire for personal political gains." State Sen. Guy Jones XX X State Sen. Guy Jones of Conway, defeated candidate who joined forces with Faubus, also spoke and called Cherry "Francis Joe McCarthy Cherry." Declared Communist Commonwealth, which has been closed some 10 years or more, was officially declared Communistic or subversive by U. S. Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark See ELECTION on Page 12 Paving District Plans Halted Due to High Cost Street improvements scheduled for a north Blytheville residential district have been quashed for the time being following protests from property owners on proposed cost of the paving district. In a statement this morning, F. E. Scott, Commission chairman of street improvement districts 4 and 5 and curb and gutter improvement districts 6, said the cost of paving the district proved to be too high. He stated that the commission may investigate asphalt as a possibility in lieu of paving. Citizens over the district, which includes the 1 area between Highway 61 and Tenth Street running north to Adams, first signed petitions supporting creation of the street improvement districts and then began actively fighting it when cost of the improvements became known. Petitions were circulated in the $8,000 Is Sought In Missco to Help Replenish Expenses C G. Redman, Byron Morse, James Terry-of Street Improvement Dis-l Mississippi County will have •* " T-iiT* j m<T-h CO fiAA -IM •">»-» AI-I-* At-rmtt /-.T* TII tricts 4 and 5 and Curb and Gutter Improvement District 6 have requested permission from the City Emergency Polio Fund Drive Set to furnish $8.000 in an emergency fundraising drive by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis if the national goal of S20 million is ing. outgrowth of weeks of tension between the regular troops and the revolutionists, mushroomed from & dawn brawl between cadets and members of the President's force. Arm* Surrendered One report said the trouble started in a house of prostitution. A cease-fire finally took effect at 6:35 p.m. and the 700 liberation army men surrendered their arms • to regular army officers. The revolutionists were ordered to return | to their homes throughout the country today. The junta ordered a curfew into effect at 9 p.m. and warned that military patrols would take "drastic measures" against any violators. A spokesman for the American Embassy reported there still was "very great tension" late last night. The President's backers were disgruntled, the spokesman said, because the army had forced him to break up his army. The American official_ said__.Com- rnunists apparently played no part in the violence. The Reds tried, however, to organize antigovernment demonstrations while the fighting was going on. Troops loyal to the junta smashed all the attempts. Castillo, who rushed back to Guatemala from a visit to Chimaltenango, was believed still firmly in power.H e maintained a complete silence yesterday. The army announced the cease- fire, which was hurriedly negotiated by Roman Catholic Archbishop " Mariano Rossell Arellano with the help of U.S. Ambassador John E. Peurifoy and others. No Punishment The government agreed to disarm and disband the liberation army and promised that the military cadets would not be punished for their part in the fighting. The regular army in turn guaranteed to place itself under complete government jurisdiction. The agreement was signed for the government by Maj. Oliva, a member of the junta; Col. Enrique Close, defense minister; and Col. J. warships and airplanes would pro- j an end to the Neutral Nations' Su- tect Formosa against any enemy ] pervisory Commission which has attack but that this government i kept representatives of Communist has not made any decision to enter! governments in South Korea, into a formal alliance with the j UN May Get Question Chinese Nationalist government! The United States, Dulles said, there. i would be sympathetic to seeing th« No Details j commission wiped out. As for Southeast Asian defense! Under Indian chairmanship its arrangements, Dulles said hej members are Sweden, Switzerland hoped decisions would be made in 1 and two Communist governments a week or 10 days on the jime j —Poland and Czechoslovakia, and place for holding a conference i Dulles said the nations which on conclusion of a defensive al- j fought the Communists in Korea liance. i have discussed the possibility of Dulles told questioning reporters j ending the commission -because of he could not go into detail on the \ the activities of the Communist; j latest U. S. protest over the shoot- j members. The question may come j ing down of the British airliner, j up during the United Nations As- insurgent But he said the main U. S. argu- j sembly in New York this fall. The ment is that Red China is com- j preliminary discussions were car- pletely wrong in arguing that be-1 ried on incidental to the Asian cause the aircraft was British the;'peace'talks at Geneva recently,.- • Huge Plane Crashes 37 Aboard, All Survive PRESTON, Conn. (AP) — A four-engine Paris to New York Constellation with 37 persons aboard crashed and burst into flames on a rain-sodden farm today. First reports said that none was killed, but some were sped to nearby hospitals. after landing in a nearby field. Some people had time to leave the plane, however, Mrs. Bennett said, "because we could see them in the field." She reported that half a dozen private cars raced to the scene and began taking people to the hospital in Norwich before the first ambulances arrived. A witness reported the big Air France plane barely missed a house before landing in the field with a terrific crash. Almost immediately, flames enveloped the ship. Air France reported in New York that the plane carried 29 passengers and a crew of eight. One of the passengers, state police said, was a baby. Aaron Rosenstein, New York clothing manufacturer, was among, the passengers who fled the flaming ship, "The passengers were screaming and then there was a terrible Paiz. undersecretary} crash." he said. "I saw many pas- of defense. Four high officers i sengers leaving the wreckage." signed for the army. j He himself escaped with a The Foreign Office denied ru- i scratched hand although he said he Council to withdraw writen assess- j to be reached, Elbert Johnson, co- ments of benefits from the City unty chairman, said this morning. to be held Clerk in order that they may reconsider these assessments. Scheduled between i Aug. 16 and 31. the emergency drive to replenish the foundation's "The reason for this request is is , . . „ ,,^ - r i—nva^Ti ! funds which were depleted this vear that they have founnd it mipiacti-i . n provjding . po!io \- accine cal to construct conncrete pavement ments. poao obtaining gamma mors that the uprising had been instigated from the Mexican Embassy. Arbenz and more than 300 of the government's leftist and Communist opponents are crammed into the Mexican compound. Hostility had increased between clobulin; regular soldiers and Castillo's mot, . , , T ,j U 0 ' 1J1C14W!, UUt/allllllg i^rtljlillil ^lUUUlUL i --I?— -«- -.-- — as originally planned. It uould ^ | and meetin? the cost of continuing i ley but well-armed band since ._ _ „. „ „:», * -F,-,, vi^-fs.v-1 A •***•»- /-MI-n five rO( ~ • *-* i _. .. . . , t • of First Baptist Church of Hayti j area calling- for an end toward orga- who is associational moderator. Business of Baptist pertinent to programs churches in the area i will be transacted.' and speakers ! will address the meeting. Dr. W. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Televised Football to reach All-time High This Fall . . . Stengel May Quit if He Doesn't Win Pennant . . . Country Club Golf Tournament in Semi-Finals This Week , . . Sports . . - pages 8 mnd 9. . . ... 100 Per Cent Assessment !• Not Campaign Issue . - - Editorials . . . pafe *, . . . . . Tax Revision: More Liberal Rules Are Adopted For Claiming: Dependents . > . Second of * Se- rtM . . . p*f* 5. . . . . . VFW Heart Nixon, Cute C*p*rs In Hu?e Seven-Hour Parade . . . past 2 ... 0. Vaught of Little Rock will principal speaker. be nization of the districts. Ctiy Council was scheduled to consider the organization at its meeting tonight. Here is the text of Mr. Scott T s statement: "The commission and assessors— to expensive for property owners to pay 'the required taxes unless they had substantial financial assistance from the city. "The commissioners are studying cost of constructing asphalt streets or other type of more economical construction. care for 67.000 patients stricken in recent years. Although the campaign last January was the most successful in history, it fell short of the budgeted needs for 1954, he said. moved into the capital last month and set up camp on the outskirts. The junta President apparently had held his force togethet as a counter against any move against him from factions within the regular armv. there also has been con- Air Transport Industry Faces Threat of Spreading Strikes "I realize this is a bad time of, I the year to ask for contributions, but : siderable grumbling from support"Before any action will be taken! r .h e emergency exists at this time. \ ers of Castillo Armas who felt his by the commissioners, however, the i if the demand is not met, the entire i followers' role in the overthrow of new plans will be discussed in pub- j program will suffer/' Mr. Johnson 1 Arbenz had not been recognized lie meetings in the affected area." j said. sufficiently. Other commission members arej~ ~ Elmer Norman and R. C. Bennett. | was the last to leave the plane. The plane mowed down a row of trees on the farm of Valentine Sebastian. It. then plowed into a garage, demolishing an automobile. | '•Barely Missed House" i The plane left Paris last night. ; It was due at Icilewild Airport in : New York at 8:15 a.m., but ram : and low ceiling prevented it from ' landing. : Rosenstein said the plane ; cracked up at about 9 a.m.. mm- i utes after the passengers were or- ; dered to fasten their safety belts. : Mrs. Elizabeth Bennett, a wit- : ness or' the crash, said the plane ] "just barely missed our house." i She reported that it burst into j flame "almost instantaneously" ' By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A large segment of the nation's air transportation industry faced the threat of a spreading shutdown today. A strike of some 1.200 American Airlines pilots went into its fourth day and 20,000 ground crew workers authorized 'a walkout against six other major airlines. The new strike threat was di- rectefi against Capital, Eastern. National. Northwest, Trans World and United. The National Mediation Board, moving swiftly to avert new walkouts, called in representatives of the AFL Internationa] Assn. of Machinists <IAM''> anci the six lines to meet in Washington today. An IAM spokesman said there would be no strike on the six lines while the mediation board tries for a settlem")^. The IAM is .'.seking ?- unihT'n wage on all airlines, asking a 5 per cent increase over present top classifications. This would give a mechanic, now paid $2.27 an hour, a rate of S2.38. Meanwhile. Clarence N. Sayen, president of the striking AFL Air Line Pilots Assn.. declined to comment on published reports that the pilots' strike may spread soon to United. The strike against American is designed to force an eight-hour limit to a pilot's continuous flying time on nonstop transcontinental schedules. The Reynolds Metals Co., beset by a strike of 2,500 workers and a threatened walkout of possibly 7,500 more, resumed contract talks with the CIO United Steel workers in Washington. A company spokesman said yesterday that a settlement "might, not br fn.r off." TV ' : "-pl) tpl !> QTr-r v.j-aliOJU and weekend premium pay. ! Series on Televised 1 Football Battle Starts Today in Courier News Televised football is going to be bigger and better this year, with rival networks waging their own little battle for the attention of sports-minded America. To follow these events, to inform the fan of what sort of football fare he can expect and to give him a peek behind the television cameras, Associated Press Sports Editor Ted Smits is writing a Series on televised football. The series starts today on the Courier News sports pages and will run through Friday. S-nits will discuss the overall TV situation: the experiment with Canadian professional football; Dumont's ambittous pro proeram and ABC's S4 million Agri Dilemma: 'Cross Compliance Behind the term, "cross-compliance." lies a dilemma for many Mississippi Valley cotton farmers. Likely some will find it the toughest problem they've faced in their years of farming. What it means is this: Every major commodity is now under acreage control. Thus, to qualify for supports on ANY crop, the farmer must be certain he has violated no acreage control regulations on any other crop ho produces. In other words, diverted acres must not go to other supported crops. This means that, for the first not been handed down to local : his total allotment. ASC offices, but persons close to! For instance if a farmer's "total the situation see it as rather del-j allotment" on a 100-acre farm; inlte as things stand now. i were 85, and 45 of this was cot-: "Total Allotment" Is Key ; ton, he'd have 40 acres to use for. Main difference in this new, I row crops or small grains. : Out of this would come his soy-j bean acreage, corn acreage, wheat j and other small grain acreage, allotment for each i if he were entitled to these, plus stringent allotment plan is called "total allot- more the gimmick ment." This is an Base Paving Bid Opening Due Sept. 7 Bids for an estimated S3,000,- 000 in paving work at the Blytheville Air Force Base will be opened at 2 p.m. Sept. 1, Col. Staunmon L. Brown, Litle Rocl< district engineer, said today. The bids will be received and Opened at the Corps of Engineers office in Little Rock. Col. Brown said plans and specifications lor paving a ranway. taxi way and parking- apron were mailed yesterday to about 75 contracting firms and individuals. This work involves lengthening the north-south runway from 5.000 to 10.0CO feet and strengthening the existing runway. The tax- nvay will be extended the sam« distance and both it and the 450 by 5.000 foot parking apron will be strengthened by laying new pavement on top of the old. In addition to the paving work. Col. Brown said, aproximately 4.000 linear feet of 12 to 48-inch storm drain will be installed and manholes and drainage structures built. An airfield lighting duct system and water and fueling facilities also will be Installed. Col. Brown added that a contract will be awarded as^soon as possible after the bids are received and tabulated. Contract tim« for the work will be 330 calendar days, he said. farm and is based on that farm's! any non-supported crop, such as row crop history. When this fi- vegetables, etc. gure is established, a farmer may ~ not exceed it in ANY combination to go to alfalfa, vetch, pasture orj The other 15 acres would have; of row or grain crops. There is very little flexibility to; building crop. the program as it now stands. some similar roughage or soil- Weather A farmer who has a certain to- Viewed as Inevitable Just to show how tough the tal row-crop allotment, may take j crackdown threatens to be, if a some of his land out of beans, | farmer had a 15-acre wheat al- for instance, and put in the place i lotment and followed in the same time, fi. me farmers will have ac-.of beans reage wnich may not be put under such as the plow, so 10 speak. It will have some non-alloted crop; year with 15 acres of late variety vegetables, berries or castor beans. However, it should be noted ev- ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy and warm this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday with isolated afternoon and evening thun~ dershowers, MISSOURI — Mostly fair thi* soybeans, it is thought in some; .'«oo~v«.._-/™r ;v /r\ hl " «nor^« fw* wmiirt takft an acres afternoon and tonight; few Chun- to go into pasture, hay. green manure or roughage crops. en though his vegetable, berry or T-im p" P -v"m w ' ; ot v<?t •->•','?.-; raster bean crop is not supporfrd ( 'T.fl in ' '" 'J >DA In other iv r:. 1 ) itrollet! in th* 1 u?v,-.U maunpf, ; words, details of the policy have i this acreage counts as * part ofi quarters, this would take 30 acres of his total allotment. In spite of the fact that cross- compliance was snnounced earlier as a cert-inty foi 1035, .some farm- See AGRI on P»f« 1* derstorms along northern border; Wednesday partly cloudy, scattered afternoon and evening thunderstorm?: continued warm this afternoon and Wednetday.