The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 7, 1950 · Page 2
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 2

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, June 7, 1950
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TWO BLYTHEVn,T,E (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Th« Nation Today: Negroes and tht Court— Supreme Court Alters Ideas on Segregration ' (Kdltor'u Note: This Is the first of several stories on the Supreme Court's decisions .on Negroes and racial segregation.) By jamcj iMarlovf WASHINGTON, June 7. ' W) Fifty-four years ago the Supreme Court ruled, In effect, that segregation of Negroes by stale law Is all right so long us they get equal treatment with whites. "It doesn't seem unreasonable,' the court said. And since then no Supreme Court—Including the present one—has tried to wipe out that ruling, al least in one strike. But— In recent years the court ha.s certainly been chipping away at it. cutting down segregation and allied matters a little here, a little there. In such different fields as education, travel, voting, and buying property. Court Passes Congress rn fact in the field of civil rights for Negroes the court has gone a lot further than Congress. This story will try to give the background on what has happened. Before the Civil War. when there was still slavery, the most important Supreme Court decision on Negroes was given in 1861 in the case of Dred Scott, a Negro slave. His owner had h.ken him from the slave state of Missouri Into the North where slavery was forbidden and then later back to Missouri. Scott argued that his stay In the free North had made him free. So he sued for his freedom. An Historic Decision The court gave an historic decision: that Negroes were property, not citizens of the U.S. and couldn't be citizens even If they were freed. Therefore, not being a citizen, a Negro had no rights of citizens, Including the right to sue in federal court. Then the war came. All slaves were [reed. And In 1868 the 14th amendment to the Constitution was adopted, completely wiping out the thinking of the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott decision. This amendment said all persons bom or naturalized in the U. S. are citizens and—no state can pass » law abridging the privileges of a citizen or deprive him of equal protection of the laws. (This 14th amendment has been l k«y in all the big, subsequent decisions by the court on Negroes, particularly the part which guarantee* him equal protection of the laws.) Segregation Laws But slowly after this, the Southern «tat«s. full of former slaves, began passing laws to segregate Negroes (rom Whites In 189&.Lou- jsuu^piumd » £ J»w!s&yiBg*Hegroe'; mSment? Trie court had to face It irrlM6. It ruled that such a segreg- »tion law was not unconstitutional. The court's opinion said: "we think the enforced separation of the races, as applied to the internal commerce of the .state, neither abridges the immunities of the col ored man, nor denies htm Hie c<iua protection of the laws, within the meaning of the 14th amendment. Separation Not Unreasonable "We"cannot sny that a law which authorizes or even requires the separation of the two races In public ronveyances Is unreasonable ..." That was the majority opinion But one member or the court. Justice Hnylan, disagreed very sharply °.nd .said In his dissenting opinion: "Our Constitution is color blind and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens ... In my opinion the Judgment rendered this day will, in time, prove to be quite as pernicious as the decision made by this tribunal in the Dred Scott case." But no court since 1856 has tackled the whole wide problem ol segregation head-on. Meaning: NO Supreme Courf since thnt day has ruled that segregation—that is, any kind or segregation by law — is wrong or unconstitutional. Courts Tackle I'rnhlern But - Instead, the courts have tackled the problem from different angles, chipping away at the Idea of segregation, narrowing down the power of states to segregate. This Is an important point to remember in trying to understand the supreme court decisions on the subject. Since 1806 no court has ever said :he whole principle of segregation s wrong. It has simply said that segregation or discrimination In this case or that was wrong, It has ruled on Individual cases In different fields, never on the whole subject of segregation. Only this week the courts ruled that the Southern railroad must stop segregating Negroes In dining cars and that the University of Oklahoma must stop segregating one of Its students, a Negro. The "waab," a mythological creature of the African Sudan, Is supposedly a huge, jointlciss, man- shaped creature, covered with red hair, speaking many languages. A CARTON OF GOOD COOKJNCr, WEDNESDAY, JUNE J, 1»M HONORING INDIANA—This is a copy ol the ne Territory Scsquicentcnnial commemorative stam ew 3-cent Indiana - .—mp which will be placed on first day sale al Vinccnnes on July 4. Central design Is a portrait o( William 11. Ifnrrison, Drsl governor, nnd the first Capitol. Typewriting Horse, Lady Wonder, Apologizes fro No One for Sense liy I'AOI, DUKE Al' Newsfealnres lilCHMOND, Va. — This world could do with more horse sen.se. Good otd fashioned horse sense— the kind Lady Wonder ha*. She's a horse I met the other day. Quite a girl, loo. The Lady Is not only an authority on the earth's iWen's, but on most any other subject ai well. Doesn't mind sharing her knowledge, either. Oh, .she look.s like any other horse—•black-coated, speckled in Kray around the mane, with four white feet. A trifle on the weighty side, too. Out niter two hours In her presence I am prepared to admit that Lady is somewhat dfferenl iron) most of her kin—at least the ones 1 have met. Animal World Scholar For one thing, she has more than the usual quota of horse 'ease. She's a real brain, ir you ask me, a .sort of Phi Beta Kappa of the animal world. Oh, no, she doesn't talk. The Lady uses the hunt and peck system. In her stall, there's a rather crudely-contrived board with let- .ers and numbers fitted down Into tiny slides. When Lady voices an opinion she simply lowers her chin, touches lever extending out from each slide, and the letter or figure shooui ip—just like a typewriter. Lady's owner, Mrs. C. D. F\>nria. introduced me as "Mr. Duke." But iy quickly dispensed with for- mality and clicked out a chummy "Paul" even though she had no fore-knowledge of my first name. Knows All the Answers With that scndoff, Lady and 1 chatted like a couple of old lions —I the asking! she the answering. From Mr.s. Fonda, who has raised Lady since she was a three-year- old colt, I learned that 'he horse i.s something of a wizard at soothsaying. Midway In Franklin p. lioosovell's second term she forecast that he would be elected president not only for a third, but also a fourth term. In December 1940, she predicted America's entry Into the war a year later. Don't get the notion Lady ts perfect. She's flubbed a lew times, too. Guch as two years ago when she fell In lino with all the other pollsters and prophesied a Dewt-y victory. I asked Lady how much I made weekly.. Bingo! Like that, she flashed back the correct figure. Thinking the digit.? might be a little low on that one, I scribbled down two other numbers on a pad. Same result. Mrs. Fonda, a graying ilitle lady wiio refers to her uei as an "educated horse," grinned and said something about (olk.5 always trying to, "catch" Lady. Not long ago, she related, some fellow wanted to know whether his wife was true to him. To which Lady whimpered and replied: "Are you?" An Kxprrl on !x»ve The sightseers who stop off at Mrs. Fonda's yellow frame house on the edge of Richmond ask Lady everything from "will I get falling hair?" to "which noise will win the sixth at Belmont?" By far ihe most populai ques- tions, though, lire thoo* having to do with love and marriage. Each person gets throo questions lor 00 cents. Lady lias been doing this type of thing for more than 20 years. Occasionally, a psychologist comes along tfi test Lady. In 1946, Dr. Thomas L. Garret!, New York psychologist-editor, declared her to he a "genuine phenomenon," He said he could find "no trickery Involved." The conclusion was nothing new. As long ago as 1928 three Duke University psychology prolessois reported: "There appear to be no loopholes, no reasonable possibility for signalling, either of a conscious or unconscious character." Lets Secret Out I thought about a tlpoff system between Lady and her mistress. But she has answered questions when Mrs. Fonda wasn't nearby. How dees she do it? I asked Lady herself. She paused for a moment, then spelled out m-i-n-d. Then, I asked her if she'd like to be a human being, Unhesitatingly, she answered "ye»." Poor thing, I thoujht. M»ybe she doesn't deserve that Phi Beta Kappa rating ifler all. The Ohio Rivet has 53 dams between Pittsburgh, Pemia,, and Cairo, ill. Our Telephone NnmtMr 4438 Sktlton Motor Co. You'll Love Our Flowers! Blvlhevilte FLOWER MART Memphis fllwaj Phonr «M> AIL VEGEIABIF LOANS CARS, TRUCKS Real Estate & FIIA United Insurance Agency A. F. (Dee) Dietrich, M|rr. 1st & Matn—Rtar CHj Drug Blythrvllle, Ark. For hospitality... serve Coca-Cola; the natural partner of good things to eat Hospitality Fair at your food store JUNE 1 Jo JULY 5 6 Bottle Carton 25* flui Oipoiil icmue UHDU MJIKOIIIIV ot THI COCA.COU concur »r COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. OF BLYTNEVILLE 9 I«J°. ts. C DO YOU OWN A HOME? HERE IS A SPRING SPECIAL: Any ordinary house treated for termites - 50 We don'l have to pracUce or experiment on your job—we have had 12 years of experience. All our work is done according to regulations, our work Is licensed by the'Arkansas Stale I'lanl Board, FREE INSPECTION & ESTIMATE—IF NEEDED SUPERIOR TERMITE CO. H. C. RUnkenship . . 309 East Kenluckv ...... L. J. Seller . . Phone 2350 or 31579 HUDSON PRESENTS SUMMER'S SMARTEST SUIT FABRIC IN THE COOLEST MATERIAL YOU'VE SEEN BURMIL-NYLON CORDS. \ r -^ *" t s CHECK THE MANY OUTSTANDING FEATURES: Cool, Single Breast Tan, Blue or Gray Hand Shaped Collar 3-Button Style Full Drape Styling High-Rise Trousers Patch Pockets Coat Half Lined Holds Permanent Crease Regs.-Shorts-Longs At Hudson's Famous Low Price EXTRA TROUSERS AVAILABLE IN ALL STYLES GET YOUR SUIT TODAY - AND SAVE MONEY AT "THE LITTLE STORE WITH THE BIG BUSINESS" HUDSON CLEANER - CLOTHIER - TAILOR BIytheville, Arkansas Steele, Missouri ;

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