Journal and Courier from Lafayette, Indiana on May 8, 1945 · 1
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Journal and Courier from Lafayette, Indiana · 1

Lafayette, Indiana
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 8, 1945
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FINAL igmoN y Q) m1 jk Li I 777 -i "I NORTH WESTERN INDIANA'S GREATEST NEWSPAPER .Vol. 26. No. 110. THE COURIER ESTABLISHED 1831 LAFAYETTE, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 8, 1945 THE JOURNAL ESTABLISHED 1829 16 PAGES THREE CENTS Allied Flags of Freedom. Flu Over All West Fronts VICTORY" IM DAY CHURCHILL ANNOUNCES FULL VICTORY BY LAND, SEA, AIR Prime Minister Proclaims V-E Day and Solemnly Pledges Prosecute Warfare LONDON". Mav 8. (INS) Prime Minister Winston Churchill today formally announced the defeat and unconditional surrender of nazi Germany, with all organized hostilities coming to an end at 6:01 p. m., E. W. T. tonight. The prime minister, in a soberly-worded broadcast pledging all Britain's resources to prosecution of the remaining war against Japan, efficially proclaimed V-E day in effect and sanctioned general holidays in the British Isles for today and tomorrow. DOENITZ READY r TO COOPERATE Admiral Offers , to Remain at Helm During Allied Occupation of Reich. LONDON, May 8. (UP)-Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz, appointed by Adolf Hitler to succeed him as fuehrer as Germany, offered today to remain at the helm of the government during allied occupation of tb reich. "When Germany Is occupied," he told the German people in a broadcast over the Flensburg radio, "control will be in the hands of the occupying powers. "It rests with them whether or not I and the reich government appointed by me can be in office. Should I be able to be of use and assistance to my fatherland by continuing in office there, I shall remain in office." He recalled that he had promised he would try "in the coming timps of distress" to provide tolerable living conditions for German men, women and children, but added: "I don't know whether I shall be able to help you in these hard days." MUST FACE FACT Doenitz told the Germans they must face the fact that the foundations on which Hitler's third reich were built had collapsed. "Unity of the state and nazi party no longer exists," he said. "The party has left the scene of Its activities." Doenitz said he ordered the German high command to surrender unconditionally all German fighting forces in all theaters of war in order to "save the lives of the German people." HOSTILITIES CEASE "On May 8 at 11 p. m. (5 p. m., CWT," he said, "hostilities will cease. "Soldiers of the German armed forces who proved their mettle in countless battles will set out on the bitter road to captivity, thus making a last sacrifice for the lives of women and children and for the future of our nation. "Wo bow in reverence before the thou3and-foId proven gallantry and sacrifice of our dead and prisoners." Doenitz has not revealed the personnel of his entire cabinet. He did announce that Count Lud-wig Schwerin von Krosigk had replaced Joachim von Ribbentrop as foreign minister, however. The allies probably will treat Doenitz as a defeated commander-in-chief. v Buy War Bond And Celebrate INDIANAPOLIS, May 8. (AP) Eugene C. Pulliam, chairman of the Indiana war finance committer, said today "the best way to celebrate V-E Day is to buy an 'extra' war bond that will count toward the seventh war loan quota." "The objective in Europe has been won. thanks to fighting men who never quit," Pulliam said. The total objective defeat of Japan will be won only if we never quit." Many banks were ready with V-E Day" rubber stamps that marked each bnd purchased today as a special one, Pulliam said. . War mothers printed the special V-E inscription on bonds in many Indiana cities, Pulliam said. v No Communique PARIS, May 8. (UP) Supreme headquarters, for the first time since D-Day June 6, 1944, failed to issue a communique at the regular time today. The usual night briefing session for newsmen at headquarters was omitted last night, ; y Perishes in Fire EVANSVIIJ-E. Ind., May 8 f AP -The body of Killian Bauer, 70, wag removed yesterday from his burned farm home near here. Coroner Edward Kuhr said Bauer apparently burned to death as he aipt. All British Resources to Against Japanese. Any German troops still resist- ing after the "cease fire" goes into full effect at 6:01 p. m. will be re garded as outlaws, deprived of protection under the rules of warfare and subject to savage attack from all quarters." BIG BEN CHIMES Churchill's broadcast was preceded by the chimes of Big Ben, He perfunctorily recounted details of the German surrender and then let his voice rise as he said: "The German war is therefore at an end." At conclusion of his brief address, buglers of the Scots guard sounded the cease fire call and an orchestra played "God Save The King." In his eagerly-awaited broadcast, the prime minister announced that the surrender agreement will be ratified and confirmed in Berlin today. Previously, German Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz had broadcast announcement from Flensburg that the "cease fire" order to all German forces would become effective at 11 p. m. tonight British double summer time (5 p. m. EWT), bringing Europe's five and a half year war to its official end at that hour. The German surrender, Churchill said, was signed at 2:41 a. m. yesterday at Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters. German plenipotentiaries, he said, unconditionally gave up their (Turn to Page 10, Col. 5) High Praise Given Gen. Eisenhower PARIS, May 8. (INS) A striking message of gratitude was received by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower from United States Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson at supreme , allied headquarters today. The message said: "In the first moment after one of the greatest military victories in all history, I find it most difficult to express to you in words the thanksgiving which fills the hearts of millions of your countrymen for all that victory means to them. "In this great hour of victory I join with all peace-loving peoples of the world in sending my most heartfelt thanks to you, your staff and commanders and to every member of your allied armies." Thouffhts of F.D.R. LONDON, May 8. (AP) Thoughts of President Roosevelt were high in the .minds of two U. S. soldiers yesterday as they mingled with the throng in Piccadilly circus celebrating Germany's surrender. "If only Roosevelt could have lived to see this," said Sgt. Robert ' Lewis of 630 South Wayne St.. Portland, . Ind. "We need him, too, at San Francisco," said Corp. W. C. Weaver of 1510 Johnson St., Ama-rillo, Tex., "his personality and prestige would help a great deal." Bishop Installed BUFFALO, N. Y May 8. (AP) The Most Rev. John F. O'Hara. CSC, was installed today as eighth bishop of Buffalo in colorful, centuries-old rites in St. Joseph's Cathedral before the largest gathering of Catholic hierarchy ever assembled in this city. Bishop O'Hara, former president of Notre Dame university, had served as military delegate of the armed forces and as an auxiliary to Archbishop Francis J. Spell-man of New York, who officiated as the installing prelate. WilFOfflitCapitol WASHINGTON. May 8. (INS) The dome of the capitol, darkened since Pearl Harbor, will be lighted for V-E night, it was announced today. David Lynn, architect of the capitol, said the flood lights would be on for just one night in view of the "brownout." The brownout is scheduled to be lifted, however. THE WEATHER Forecast for Indiana: Tartly cloudy today; clear tonight and Wednesday; cooler today and tonight. Bullet-Tom Body Is Believed Hitler WITH THE BRITISH SECOND ARMY, May 8. (AP) Col. An-otoly Pilugln, war correspondent of Tass, official soviet news agency, has said a Russian general had stated that the body of a man identified as Adolf Hitler had been found in the ruins of Berlin. The Russian general was not named. During a meeting two days ago between Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery and Marshal Kon-stantin Rokossovsky of the second White Russian army, Russian officers asked Pilugin, who is attached to the British second army as a war correspondent, whether the British believed Hitler was dead or alive. Pilugin said he replied there was a mixed 1 opinion, but that the Russian general, whose identity he did not disclose, stated that the Russians had found in Berlin the bullet-torn and battered body of a man identified as Hitler. . VICTORY SPURS PEACE PARLEYS United Nations Delegates Hasten Work to Create Strong Anti-War Unity. SAN FRANCISCO, May 8 (UP) The end of the war in Europe spurred delegates at the United Nations conference today to hasten the creation of a world organization strong enough to prevent another war. The delegates will "celebrate" the historic announcement of the end "of the war with only a minute of silence. Then they will return to long hours of work designed to accomplish their task here within the next two or three weeks. AMAZING UNANIMITY The end of the European war finds this conference in an extremely favorable position. The I big powers are in an amazing de gree oi unanimity on an runda-mental issues pertaining- to the new world peace-keeping organization. It has been little short of a miracle that the unanimity has been attained. There have been many more or less side' issues which, with less determination to succeed on the part of the leaders, could have bogged down the conference. On the Polish issue especially, feeling on both . sides has been most bitter. But the leaders here succeeded in not letting it interfere with the task of building a charter for a world organization. The same is true of the early fight over the chairmanship, the admission of Argentina, etc. This conference is in sharp contrast to the phase of the Versailles conference in 1919 which drafted the League of Nations covenant. There were weeks und weeks of bickering there and never any semblfhce of unanimity among the leading powers. The atmosphere here augurs well for greater success at this conference than anticipated by even the most optimistic a month ago.. The United States, Great Britain, Russia and China and are now ready to turn the conference over to the little nations. In effect, the "Little Nation" phase begins today after nearly two weeks of domination by the big ones. The others now will have a chance to be heard, but are expected Kenerarlly to accept the broad outline of the plan on which the big powers are agreed. War Scribe Freed PARIS, May 8. (INS ) Lowell Bennett, International News Service correspondent shot down over Berlin in December, 1913. when he accompanied allied airmen to report the raid, is en route to Paris today on his way home. Bennett, who parachuted to safety and nazi stalag luft No. 1, was in the midst of the battle in which the allied air officers liberated themselves and made contact with the Russians more than a week ago. v Shoe Stamp Promise WASHINGTON, May 8. (INS) The OPA announced today that American civilians who are being repatriated from enemv nrison camps will be supplied with two valid shoe stamps on arrival in this country. OPA said this ruling is h: line with the policy of assisting, wherever possible, the return of released internees to normal life in the United States. v Worker Loses Life PERU, Ind., May 8. (AP)-Or-ville Dawes, 50, former Peru city councilman, was killed yesterday as an emery wheel broke and a fragment pierced his heart. The accident occurred at the Chesapeake and Ohio railroad shops when be was employed. CITY RECEIVES VICTORY NEWS IN REAL THANKSGIVING SPIRIT Churches and Schools Play Leading Role in Observance of V-E Day Here Purdue Has Program Evening Assemblies Called for Worship Flags Fly Proudly. Official announcement that the war had ended in Europe and proclaiming V-E day was received without excitement Tuesday in Greater Lafayette. Wild excitement and exultation usually come with news of such great import, but which has a surprise element. This feature was absent Tuesday because events of Monday and of the U. S. "Brownout" Order Revoked WASHINGTON, May 8. (INS) The War Production Board today officially revoked the nationwide "brownout" order on all outdoor advertising, decorative and display lighting. Edward Falck, chief of WPB's office of war utilities, said the- brownout, which became effective February 1, had saved 500,000 tons of coal during the period of the nation's most critical fuel shortage. Falck warned, however, that all ouf conservaion of fuel must be continued during the Pacific war and added that the order "can be "reinstated next winter" if there is a recurrence of last season's critical scarcity of supply. v Huge Peacetime Army Is Planned WASHINGTON, May 8. (UP) The war department wants a postwar peacetime standing army of EOO.OOO regulars backed up by 4.000.000 active reserves, it -was disclosed today. " The army's postwar plans were outlined at a closed session of the house military affairs committee by Brig. Gen. Edward A. Evans of the army general staff committee for reserve policy. Committee members said army plans, based on the assumption that congress will approve compulsory peacetime training, would give the nation a total of 4,500,000 trained men who could be thrown into the field in aapproximately 120 days. What congress will do about a compulsory training program remains to be seen, but Chairman Clifton A. Woodrum, D., Va., of the house postwar military policy committee has announced that his group will, begin open hearings on the subject next month. The total of 4,500,000 asked by the army would include the 500,-000 . regulars, 400,000 to 600,000 men who would be in the compulsory training program at a given time, . active reserves who had completed their training and probably the national guard, committee members said. Under compulsory training bills before congress, a trainee would be listed as an "active reserve" for a period of several years after completing his training. In comparison to the size of this force, the army had 302,968 enlisted men and 23,192 officers on Aug. 31, 1940, a year and a half before the Pearl Harbor attack. Flowers for F.D.R. WASHINGTON, May 8. (AP) Turning away from the microphones over which he announced victory in Europe, President Truman today ordered flowers placed on the grave of Franklin Delano Roosevelt at Hyde Park, N. Y. In tribute to his predecessor who died before final European victory was achieved, it was learned that Mr. Truman had asked Secretary of War Stimson to have a wreath placed on the Roosevelt grave. The president requested that M. Gen. Francis Vf Wilby, superintendent of the military academy at West Point, be designated to place the wreath in his name. v Wickard to Speak RICHMOND, Ind, May 8. (AP) Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard will be the principal speaker at a meeting here tomorrow night arranged by Ki-wanis international as the first in a series throughout the nation in the interest of improving farm conditions. Plans for the meeting were announced today by the local club. Governors of Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky and Illinois have been invited to attend. v No Action Foreseen PARIS, May 8. (AP) General Eisenhower informed correspondent at supreme headquarters today that no action could be taken against a news agency or organization for the act of any individual correspondent or correspondents. past few weeks had indicated def- initely that the nazis were com pletely defeated and that the offi cial V-E day was only a matter of days or hours. People of the world had been prepared for the event. Nevertheless, there was thanksgiving and joy in the hearts of everyone. The war is not ended, but there was realization that but one war remains instead of the former two. HERALD NEWS Flags were flying proudly Tuesday .from not only public places but also from stores, factories and homes. They were proclaiming victory on the one hand, and also a renewed challenge to Japan, the aggressor of the Far East, to the effect that now the European war is ended, the full fury of the United Nation's destruction will be turned upon the empire of the Rising Sun, thus speeding the day of final victory. Sirens of fire stations were sounded and bells of some churches were rung to herald President Truman's official V-E day proclamation at 8 Tuesday morning. All taverns closed at 8 Tuesday morning not to reopen until 8 Wednesday morning. LIFE AS USUAL In conformance with previously made plans, life went on much as usual in Lafayette, despite the great import of the day's events. Stores and offices remained open, and war work continued unabated in factories. A part holiday was enjoyed by pupils of city schools. In other respects, most people followed their routine pursuits. However, special recognition was given in a number of ways, prin- (Turn to Page 10, Col. 1) V Defeated Nazis Marching Home COPENHAGEN, Denmark. May 8. (AP) Nearly 300,000 German troops today started the homeward march from all Denmark in miles-long columns along the main roads. The Germans transported their luggage on wheel barrows, perambulators and other makeshift vehicles. Before their departure they burned official papers and blew up all hand grenades. All their weapons are being left at the border. v Hoosier Praised INDIANAPOLIS, May 8. (INS) Governor Ralph F. Gates sent a cablegram to Lieut. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, of Indianapolis, today gratulating him on receiving the official surrender of the German forces. The cablegram said: "In this hour of sober triumph all Indiana extends grateful appreciation for your superb services to the nation. Your historic record accords honor and distinction worthy of Indiana's greatest wartime tradition. Through you all Indiana pays homage to the great leader. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower." v Yanks to Fly Home LONDON, May 8 (INS) Headquarters of the United States air force in Europe revealed today that American soldiers will be flown back to the United States on a huge scale during the next few months. . A total of 300 per cent more four-engined craft than have been used in such traffic is needed to handle the 60.000 troops monthly which It is hoped can be moved by air. - v Reveal Casualties WASHINGTON, May 8. (INS) The war department revealed today that army casualties in the war against Germany un to the end of March totalled 732.270. These consisted of 139,498 killed. 467.403 wounded. 72,374 missing and 52.990 prisoners. The figures do not include all men taken prisoner by the Germans but many of the missing were in fact prisoners who sub sequently have been liberated. v Warning- Ignored DETROIT, May 8. (INS) De spite all warnings that "there still is Japan," approximately 50.000 war workers left their machines today following the proclamation of V-E day. Forty per cent of the workers j at the Ford Lincoln plant walked out as an employe, tooting a trumpet, acted as "Pied Piper;' and led them out of the plant gates. j Quiet, Thoughtful V-E Day Asked INDIANAPOLIS, May 8 (UP) Governor Gates today called on Hoosiers to mark the end of the war in Europe in a "quiet and thoughtful manner," and to carry on the war against Japan with vigor. "Ours is a great victory," he said, "yet to all of us it must mean the cessation of hostilities on only one front. "Our lines of production must not cease. Our subscriptions for war bonds must be increased. The responsibility for the successful conclusion of the conflict in the Pacific rests upon our shoulders. We as citizens of this state must continue to do all within our power to bring ultimate peace throughout the world." "In the celebration of this victory," Gates said, "it is my earnest desire, as the governor of Indiana, that we acknowledge our great victory in a quiet and thoughtful manner. To all of us it should be a time of prayer, first in behalf of those of our citizens who have made the tremendous sacrifice." ORDERS SENT GERMAN FLEET All Ships Under Surrender Terms Must Report to Closest Allied Ports. LONDON, May 8 (INS) The British admiralty revealed today that ships of the German fleet had been ordered under the surrender terms to report their position to the nearest allied radio station. Such German ships would then be directed to the closest allied ports, said the admiralty, where they would remain pending further directions. - - All German warships or armed merchantmen in port or at sea were ordeied to train all their weapons fore and aft, remove all breech blocks, unload all torpedo tubes and land all ammunition as soon as they reach port if they are at sea. Controlled minefields in all ports and harbors are to be rendered ineffective, the admiralty disclosed, and ail navy personnel are to re main aboard ships or in their barracks until they are directed otherwise. k Ships in harbor are to remain there or if at sea are to proceed to the nearest port. Submarines at sea were ordered to surface immediately, flying the black flag and to report their position to the nearest allied radio station. They will receive their instructions by radio where to proceed. v . Avoids Term V-E WASHINGTON, May 8 (AP) In announcing victory in Europe, President Truman today carefully avoided any use of the popular term "V-E Day" and white house sources later made it clear that for the United States no formal V-E Day was proclaimed. Instead the president in keeping with his announced wish that the European victory should not be made the occasion for unrestrained celebration set aside next Sunday as "a day of prayer." This wil be May 13, Mother's Day. v Slayer Sentenced BIG RAPIDS, Mich., May 8. (AP) James Smiley, 16, was given a 25-to-40 year sentence yesterday a few hours after telling how he shot his foster mother to death in her sleep April 21 in their Echo Lake cottage. The youth displayed little emotion as Circuit Judge Earl G. Pugsley pronounced the sentence after receiving a plea of guilty to a second . degree murder charge. Okeh Wage Hike CHICAGO, May 8-(AP) The sixth regional war labor board approved today a 4 per cent increase in piece rates and a 5-cent hourly increase in hourly wage rates for 766 workers at the Harrison Steel Casings Co., of Attica, Ind. The company had asked for the wage adjustments. , .v News of Himmler? LONDON. May 8. (INS) The London Evening News said today that it believed Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler and Reich Marshal Herman Goering were with Adm. Karl M. Doenitz government. . v Surrender Action LONDON. May 8. (INS) The Swedish radio tonight reported arrival of allied delegates in Oslo to receive Germany's uncondition al surrender. Pope WilTSpeak VATICAN CITY. May 8.- (AP) Pore Pius Nil will speak over the Vatican radio at noon tomor row Rome time (5 a. m. Central War Time). HAN DESIGNATES SUNDAY FOR ALL TO OFFER PRAYERS All Rejoice Over Victory But President Asks Nation Not to Forget That Sorrow and Heartaches Abide in American Homes. WASHINGTON, -May 8. (AP) President Truman today proclaimed complete and unconditional Victory in Europe. And in a V-E proclamation he said "our blows will continue until the Japanese lay down their arms in unconditional surrender." Going on the radio at 8 a. m. (CWT) the president told the nation he had set next Sunday Mother's Day as a day of prayer in which he wanted all to join. For in rejoicing over Victor', he asked the nation not to forget that "sorrow and heartache" abide in the homes of thousands cf Americans." SOLEMN, GLORIOUS HOUR "This is a solemn but a glorious hour," he declared. "General Eisenhower informs me that the forces of Germany have surrendered to the united nations. The flags of freedom fly over all Europe. "For this victory we join in offering our thanks to the providence which has guided and sustained us through the dark days of adversity." TITANIC STRUGGLE ENDS Thus was brought to a close the titanic struggle which cost American armed forces 132.000 lives and more than 50,000 other casualties in three years, four months and seven days of fighting against the axis in the European and Mediterranean theaters. Mr. Truman made it clear that this nation's fight against aggression was not over, that the effort will not cease until the Japanese military and naval forces lay down their arms as nazi Germany has done. At the same time Mr. Truman gave his assurance that unconditional surrender "does not mean the extermination or inslavement of the Japanese people." It means for them, he said, the end of the war, the termination of the influence Of military leaders "who have brought Japan to the present brink of disaster." The president called upon every American "to stick to his post (Turn to Page 15, Col. V 4) Freedom-Loving People Triumph INDIANAPOLIS. May 8- (UP) -National Commander Edward N. Scheiberllng said that "once again free men and freedom-loving people have triumphed in the blood and death of Europe, in a statement issued today by American legion national headquarters. Scheibcrling, who is in San Francisco attending the United Nations peace conference, warned of the danger of organizations and individuals who sought a soft peace, ana urged that the war against Japan be fought to a victorious conclusion. "Members of the American legion and auxiliary join with all Americans in our expression of gratitude to Almighty, God for bringing the struggle in Europe to a victorious end." he said. Mrs. Charles B. Gilbert, Norwich, Conn., national president of the American legion auxiliary, said in another statement issued from national headquarters: "With the war in Europe at a definte end, we must strengthen our determination that our efforts shall go forward without interruption to accomplish the defeat of Japan. We need prayers not rejoicing." Royal Salute LONDON. May 8. (INS) Great Britain's royal family, flushed and beaming in their day of victory, took the salute of London's rejoicing populace today. King George, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret Rose appeared together on the balcony of Buckingham palace at 3:11 p. m. They stood for three minutes, waving and smiling at a crowd of thousands before the palace gates. V Found Dead in Home CLINTON, Ind May 8. (INS) Last rites were being arranged today for Dr. E. W. Cordingley. 57, nationally known pediatricist. who was found dead at his home in Clinton yesterday. The widow, Mrs. Fannie Cordingley. discovered her husband's body when she returned from a trip. Dr. Cordingley had lectured throughout the country in connection with his profession. v Pleads for Mercy REIMS. France, May 7 (Delayed) (APIThrough an iron faced Prussian general, speaking after he had finished signing the uncond ti: nal surrender of the nazis, German pleaded today for mercy for the German people. On the wall behind his back was a huge chart tabulating allied casualties. MOSCOW RADIO GOES ERRATIC No Indication Russia Celebrating V-E Day Long After Two Chiefs Speak. BUIJLETIN LONDON. May 8. (UP) Marshal Stalin announced tonight in an order of the day that the red army has captured Olmuetz, big Czechoslovak defense base. LONDON, May 8. (INS) -More than an hour after the official time set for announcing Germany's capitulation in the three allied capitals, the Moscow radio today had made no mention of the surrender and there was no indication that the Russians were celebrating V-E day. At 8 a. m., EWT, when Trlme Minister Churchill and President Truman were broadcasting the news to their peoples and the world, the Moscow radio was transmitting its daily "Children's Hour." (CBS in New York reported that the Moscow radio's short wave transmitters "had been acting peculiarly" for some time. The network said that all transmitters left the nir 30 seconds before 9 a. m., VEWT, when a statement from Premier Marshal Joseph V. Stalin announcing V-E day was expected. (Moscow's transmitters returned to the air, CBS said, at 9:20 a. iru EWT, with a broadcast directed at Germany which warned Germans that they must "deliver all nazis to the occupational forces." (There was no indication, the network said, that Stalin had spoken or that V-E day was being celebrated In the soviet union.) LONDON, May 8. (INS) Informed circles in London paid particular attention today to the passage in Prime Minister Winston Churchill's victory message in which he said that "tomorrow we shall pay a particular tribute to our Russian allies." These quarters interpreted this statement to mean that the Soviets will celebrate V-E day tomorrow? after the surrender agreements have been signed, sealed and delivered. . v Japan Is Due for Increased Blows NEW YORK. May S-(INS) Generalissimo Chiang K a i-Shek hailed allied victory in Europe today and declared that "the whole stupendous weight of humanity will now come doivn upon Japan." The Blue network quoted the Chinese leader as saying that the Chinese people share the "inexpressible satisfaction" which news of European victory brings. "W hat saddens us though," Chiang added, "is to find that President Roosevelt, who did so much for the liberation of Europe, is no longer with us to witness the victory. "But his ideals and leadership are certain to inspire allied forces to continue the fight until the task and responsibility of the United Nations is complete." Chiang appealed for a swift, deadly blow against Japan that would bring that nation to its knees "as swiftly as (defeat) has come to Germany." v Refuse Recognition LONDON, May 8. (INS) The government of Switzerland hae decided not to recognize the new German govermnent of Admiral Karl Doenitz, the Swiss radio said today. German consulates throughout Switzerland and the German legation will be closed. v BREAK FOR PRISONERS CHICAGO. May 8. (INS) Chief Justice Edward Scheffler of the Chicago municipal courts today ordered the release of all persons arrested yesterday for disorderly conduct in pre-maturt celebration of V-E Day.

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