Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on January 24, 1895 · Page 7
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January 24, 1895

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 7

Logansport, Indiana
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Thursday, January 24, 1895
Page 7
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PLUG TO3ACCQ Consumers of chewiig tolacco who arBwillingtopagaliltlemorettian the price dialed for tie ordinary trade tokccos. will find te Irand superior to all otters _BEWARl - IMITATIONS. PERNICIOUS NEW PEST. The Swn Joxo Sculu HH.I Sliido It* A|)Dcnr- unct* in the I^uwt. A pest, heretofore confined to the Pacific const, has made its appearance at various points in the cast. This is the San Jose or pernicious scale. The male insect is shown in Fig. 1, and the female (all greatly enlarged) ia Fig. 2 of tho accompanying ii lustration, which w« have reduced from Insect Life. This pest attacks the pear, currant, plum and dwarf apple, and may yet become very destructive here, although in California it has m.'my natural enemies. Wherever found, it should bo fought relentlessly and without delay. .Spruy the affected trees rcpcatedlj', fand always so freely that thn liquid will drip from the branches and twigs. Tho emulsion is made as follows: Thoroughly dissolve one-half pound hard or soft soup in one gallon of boil- Ing water. While this is still very hot, add two gallons of kerosene and quickly begin to agitate tlie whole mass through a .syringe or force-pump, ilraw- ing 1 the liquid into the pump and Core- ing it back into the dish. Continue this five minutes, or until the whole, mass assumes a creamy color and consistency, which "'ill adhcro to t.li«. HAN JOUE Oil I'E.'l.VICiOlTS SCALE. MALE AND FKMAf.K, CO.VTAr.VI.VO YuVHQ, GKKATLV ENLA IIG LI). sides of tlio vessel and not g-lldu offliko oil. It m:iy now be readily diluted with cold rain water, or the wholo mass may be allowed to cool, when it has n semi-solid form. This standard emulsion, if covered and placed iu a cool, dark place, will keep for a longtime. In making' a dilution from this cold emulsion, it is necessary to dissolve the amount required in three or four parts of boiling water, after which cold rain water may be added in tho required quantities. Dilute this standard emulsion, not more than four and not less than three times .with water. This will kill every scale it hits. N E R v E-~T'RYTN~G BUSINESS. Ills Troubles A Shoo SnlpttniEin Tell* of •\Vilh \Voiuen LuHfotmTH. "I do tiot believe," said :t salesman in a big retail shoe house on State street, where a vast number of siioes are sold every day and principally to ladies, "that any business in the world will try a man's nerve and patience like this. The best and sweetest tempered woman in the .vorld becomes a cold- blooded cynic the. moment she starts to buy a pair of shoes. She lias a (i.xcd idea, in her head that she we:;rs a certain sue and any attempt of a salesman to convince her that she wears a size larger is regarded as an afi'rout. I have actually had women walk away from me and ask the mimcger to send some one else to wait on them because I showed them by measuring- the outline of their feet, drawn on a piece of paper, that they were mistaken in their size. "I. remember particularly one lady who insisted that she wore a :i A, and had never worn anything- else in her life. The shoe sl.-e luid ori was a •) A, although marked cue size smaller. I was imprudent enough U> demonstrate this to her. and she took thf shoes from mv hand and walked with one stock- inged foot to another salesman. Yes- AN IMPORTANT MATTER. The Do- itlini of tho Diilry Room in»n-!H rntislilo-nhlp Attention. On a dairy farm the location of the dairy room should be a matter of careful study and much forethought. Two points should be kept in view, the ability to do the work iu a workmanlike manner with the fewest steps and in the shortest time, and locating the conveniences so that they may help the other work along. Our dairy measures 10x18 feet, and lies just back of the kitchen and washroom. It has two liii't'C south windows which give it abundant light on durU. winter days, and can bu quickly darkened when necessary. 1'ack of the dairy is a room 10x18 f'-et without a lloor, with a board partition through the center. The first portion is for wood or coal, the second for ice, and holds 1"0 cakes two feet square and about eight inches thick. The ice is surrounded by sawdust one foot in thickness, well trodden down, and also covered with the sawdust. On this ice is placed an ice-box •lx-1 feet, with double sides and cover, the ice forming a bottom with a thin layer of sawdust over it. This box has shelves on which are placed the fresh meat, butter dish and milk pitcher for the table. The bottom is left for jars nnd small tubs of butter awaiting orders. On tho other side of tho room Is a long veranda, which covers the one- horse tread power that drives the Hue shaft, with a belt run on a pulley, just outside the room. On this shaft within the room are pulleys of the required size for running the separator, churn nnd washing machine at the proper rate of speed. The advantages of having the dairy room near the kitchen arc, lhat the kitchen (ire hea'ts the water for washing the dairy tools and cleaning up; one does not have to face the weather in going from one to the other; the ica-box is near by, a great convenience for the table, also the milk, cream and buttermilk; t/he line shaft is whero one can attach the washing machine THE FARM Bow to Bullet MECHANIC. it ServlcrabUi Icehome »t Modfrutt* t'o*t- An icehouse need not be a costly structure, but if it is to bv> an attractive addition to the farm or in keeping with other attractive buildings it cannot be built at a small cost. 1 shall charge the cost against the efficiency as a preserver of ice. The requirements of an icehouse are that it will hdid sawdust around the ice to keep the rain off and drain water. The materials used in its construction may be of the cheapest and rudest character and yet keep the ice as well as if It cost Slf>() or SL'OO. A neighbor has an icehouse erected at a very small cost, and yet his ice is preserved perfectly. The sides are of poles laid up into a pen 12 feet wide, eighteen feet long and 10 feet high, the poles being notched slightly where they cross, to prevent rubbing and to lessen the cracks between them. The gables are left npen to give ventilation. A floor is made and proper drainage acquired by laying rails tog-ether a foot thick. The roof, projecting 3 feet at each end, is of clapboards nailed to cross pieces resting upon pole rafters. All the material except the nails and the material for the door were worked out of tho farm timber. In filling this house the blocks tire laid within IS inches of the holes and the space between them lilled with sawdust as the ico is built up. Where CHEAP GREENHOUSE. Just the Tiling for K:iUln;r a Suuull <Jn;vn- ti:y of IM'ints, A correspondent asks: . "1 want to build a small pveenhor.se or hothouse for the purpose of raising tomato plants, say from 10,000 to 15.000. Can you give information how to build one to be heated by due?" In order to grow from 10.000 to Ili.OOO tomato plants for spring planting it will require, where-, they are 3 inches apart, a house I0xl.">0 feet. If grown in .V.nch pots, allowing room for the plants to spread, t,he house will have to be I'.ixllOU feet, or two houses H).xl">0 feet. The former house would have two bods 3 feet G inches wide, running the entire length, allowing 3 feet for the walk. The 10-foot houses ean be divided :is follows: The tvvooulside beds, each :; feet ii inches wi.le, nnd the center beds, each -I feet wide. This leaves PLAN Or IlAIUYHOOM CONNECTED WITH KITCIIKX. 1, 2 and S. Dlsbos. 4 Dish sink. 5. Hand sink. 0. Kl'.chcn ninirc. 7 Clsiern supplies rungo untl buth untl ovcrllpw uoes into largo uls:crn unclp.iwouml S. Ci'storn pump nnd sink. 0. •VVnshmi; machine. 10. B:icl;Blairs. II. Tunic of well water. 0. Faucet and short lioso for washing uultcr In cliurn. 12. Slnlc for washing palls, etc. 13. Scpirn:or. 11, Churn. 15. ScjLios. 10. Suit. 17. Shelf whcro butter Is covered iind tied up. IS. S'.ool where Jiirs aro Illlcd. l!>. Ijjjrio mill. -0. Cupboard for color, etc. 21. Ucml.ii,' stove. 12. Writing closk. 2-1. loo-box. and a bone mill to grind waste bones from the kitchen for the poultry, and we dream, in the future, of a successful dishwasher run by the same power. A good walk from the barn to the dairyroom makes a good wall: to the house as well. On this, a 30-gal'lon can mounted on a stout, iron-whooled cart, carries the skim-milk and garbage from the house to the barn and pigpens, when the men are going that way. livery kitchen should be abundantly supplied with water, and the two rooms ir.ay be furnished with very liUtle additional outlay. A good cistern is needed for the. kitchen range, a good well for cooking, drinkhig and buttermaking. The well should have' ;\ pump attached to the line shaft, that the horse may Gil a-large tank witfT water for cooling the eream, washing the butter, etc. The central point of work about, a farmhouse is the kitchen. The worlc of the dairyrciom is largely connected with it; so keep them to- trether and the conveniences of one will help the o.tlu-r. —Clara T. Sisson, in Rural New Yorker. CLIEAP ICEUOUSE. timber is not so plenty a serviceable structure can be built at a cost but little greater than the cost of this one. Refuse boards or slabs can be used for the sides, nailing them np or down and putting on a board roof. The house should be built on high ground that surface water may cot enter. It is well to cut a shallow ditch around the building. In filling cut the blocks as large as possible and pack closely. All crevices should be filled. In the spring watch for holes and close them a.s .soon as found. Even in March the air will be warm enough often to make holes and if the air is allowed to circulate through holes it melts ice rapidly. When .1 stream is fed by a spring or brook, clear pure ice ean be procured. A pond, unless it is quite large ar.cl stock have been kept from it for some time, will not yield ice fit to be used. No amount of freezing will make purely wholesome ice out of foul water. It is quite as essential that water for tho ice supply should be as pure as for the ordinary family water supply.—R. II. McCreaily, in Farm and Home. BUTTER FROM WHEY. It In .Nothing More Tliiui a Mixture at Fat ami Cuichio. "Can butter be macle'from whe} 7 , and, if so, how?" asks a subscriber. Something that is called butter has been made from whey, but it is a mixture of fat and caseine. Besides, it is a g-ood deal of work for a small product. The following is the method: After separating the whey from the curd place it in a tin vat and add a liquid acid, the vat with copper bottom and tin sides, about 1C feet long, 3 feet wide and 00 i.iches deep, or about these proportions: set over a brick arch; one gallon to the whey of fifty 'gallons of milk, if the whey is sweet, but less quantity if changed. Then brfng it, to a heat o.f 210 degrees. Whun v i.he cream rises and is skimmed off and placed in a cool place let it stand till next day. Then churn at a temperature of ."fi to OS degrees, depending on the weather; work ;ind salt as usual. It will produce about one pound off-butter from the whey of l!iO pounds of milk. The acid is made by taking any quantity of whey at boiling heat after the cream is extracted, add ing one gallon of strictly sour whey, when all the easeine remaining iu thj whey is collected together in one mass ami is skimmed off. After the whey is allowed to stand from twenty-four to forty-eight hours it is ready for use as acid. This process is repeated as often as necessity requires.—Farmers' Voice. SECTION OF OKEKN1JOUSE. 0 feet for the throe walks, which can be divided to suit the grower. Herewith is shown a section of a greenhouse 10 feet wide, 4 feet high on the sides, 2 feet fi inches of which is of wood, and the balance is glass up to the plate, which is of wood. It is better to have the upper part of the sides of glass, because the plants will-do 'better than where they are of wood. The height to the rids'e is 7 feet. There is uo need for heavy rafters, but the roof ean be made of strong sash bars and joined together at the ridge, by pieces of wood, tu.'idc to lit the singlo of the roof, and to be securely screwed to the rafters or sash-bars to prevent a.'iy sag to the roof or cast- iron angle brackets made for the purpose can be purchased. It is not necessary la put them on every sash-bar if there ;ire no rafters, but put the pieces about G feet apart. The ventilating sash are fastened to the ridge, anil are best operated by means of the ordinary ventilating machinery, which can be bought for a small liyurc. If preferred ventilation can be supplied to both sides of tho ridge. Regarding the flues. It is customary to build a furnace at each end of the housa, one under each bed. and to make the flues of cement tile, carrying- thcci to the farther ends of the house, where they are connected to chimneys rising above the top of the greenhouse. Care must be taken to have all the joints tight, as the gas from them is bad for the plants. It is better to pay a little more and put in either a hot water or steam heating apparatus, which can be relied upon. The temperature required for coldest nights is from 43 to !i(J degrees.—,Fred T. Oakes, in American Gardening. CASTOR! 3S5SS5>XSi^SS55ci5$SSe^ for Infants and Children. IHIBTY yearn' otnerr-atlon of Cantor!* with the p«.tron»g« ot million* of persona, permit u« to •.poalc of It withopt Rucming. It is nnqnoationably tho test remedy for InfaJttt* and Children tho world haii ovor known. It in harmU**. ChDdron like it. It yive» thont health. It will »BVO their live*. In *t Mother* h»y« •omothina which in absolutely »afc M>d practically porfcot «» * child's medicine. Cantoria destroys Caatoria allay* FoveriHhn«ii». Cantorii* prevents vomiting Sonr Cnrd. Can tori a cures Piarrhopa and Win<l Colio. Cantoria rcliavoi Teething Trouble*. Ciutorin cure* Constipation and Flittnlcnoy. Caitoria ni>n*rnlii!«!i tho effect* of carbonic acid K<I» or poi«<mou« utr. Cast ori a doc« not contain morphino, opium, or othf r narcotic property. Cmtorla a.nlmilatoii tho food, rogulnten tho_K_tom«ch luid towel*, giving h«althy nnd natural iileep. Cajtorift 1» pot up in one-aizo bpttln» only. It in not »old in bulk. Pon't allow any one to «oll yon anything elie on tho pleft or f g-gml»g that tt JM "in»t an, good " and " will an«wer every pnrpogg.^ See that yon get C-A-S-T-O-R-I-A. Tho fao-rimile of Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. IMMEDIATELY,— |t ^S 8 Cum *'! Diseases oT tne Neait, Kidneys. WHO 81000 J* For Sale by 'W H. Porter. FRUIT IN THE WEST. In the Rotation In tho G irdca. There is decided advantage ia occasionally changing the location of the garden. The crops in the garden require heavy manuring-- As they occupy the land every year there is no chance to seed with clover, nnd the soil, though rich enough, becomes too heavy for profitable working. Where a clover sod is plowed under the soil is friable, and holds moisture without becoming sodden. Man}' farmers do not think of changing their garden spot until spring. Then it is too late to make the soil rich enough for gardening purposes; but if a clover ley is top dressed heavily with manure in the fall, and then plowed early in tho spring, it will be rich enough to grow most kinds of garden vegetables. Such plat of grov.nd that had been frequently iu clover will be less weedy than one that has been always used as a garden.— —Kunil World. YOU C.O'T CONVINCE THEM. tcrday I had a customer who tried on fourteen pairs of shoes, and then did not buy. because she could not get her foot, into the size that she declared was her fit. Y>y the time we arc ready to go horge'-l feel sour enough to make vine; "'*J^.'t °* cider by looking »t. it," FRESH DAIRY DOTS. • THE sugar beet, for cows is always highly recommended by those who try it! \\'B never would raise more heifer eilvcs thnn we needed for our own horvl. It will not pay. THE place for the butU-jrnilk aiiri slnm milk is in the pig's stomach. If there are not enough pigs to consume these products of the daily there is a decHled loss. '• WHII.K we have such an immense number of careless butterm.ikers, dairying of the right kind will not be overdone, and will offer good inducements to the farmer to enter it. IT is a mistake to keep, big beefy cows in the dairy as a rule. If butter or milk is the object, select a cow that will accomplish the purpose in the hijjjSpl-t degree. Let the beef side of the $£;;;-'-stion alone. ' <S5 S§®>-, IT "It:'',;'-, not advisable toir€move tne mulch ;rom strawberries in the spring, either to cultivate or to avoid frost, unless _the soil _is_very iviviiy. _• Ci-eiimory au.l Dulry l>utter. If we study the market reports we shall find liiat in general quotations are much higher for the creamery than for the dairy butter; this has given rise to an impression quite generally held that in some mysterious way the butter made in a factory is better than it is possible for butter to be that is made on :i farm. Now. this is entirely erroneous. Not only is it perfectly possible to make as good butter as can be made on a farm, but it is a rnatterof no great difficulty end does not require nn expensive or elaborate equipment. The principles that govern the manufacture of good butter are the same in either casa. Their observance will result in good butter on the farm justas- surely as their neglect will result in bad butter in the- factory.—Rural World. " ABOUT STRAWBERRIES. The Fralt Grower'* ^Inrlc-et. The home is. after all, the best market for the American fruit grower. Farmers and even orchardists have too little of small fruit on their tables. Half a bushel of fruit per day the year round can be profitably disposed of by the average family. A Connecticut farmer kept an account of the small fruit grown on half an acre of ground and used by his family last year. IJc charged the family with tho fruit at market rates and found it amounted to 800, or more than ?TOO per acre. Such sraall fruit culture p:u-.s, not^only in ) the money value of the product, but in I the healthful outdoor habits of life ' which it encourages, and tlic hundred other ways in which a pardon ministers to mental and physical health.—Michi- g-an Horticultural UeporL STRAWTSEKRIKS do well on almost any- well drained soil, which is Tree from frost, reasonably fertile and not infested with white gru.bs. , • Is hilA culture of strawberries the runners are all removed, and for the best, results in matted rows a part should be cut off, or some of the plants dug out. Tire following are pood varieties of strawberries:.. Bu.bach, Crescent,. Enhance, Greehyille, Haverland','• .Eovett, Musking-um, Parker, Earle. Wilson. Governntent :ind Our Ko:ids. If the owntr of a skating rink has a right to say what sor: of Vka:es shall bt: used in it. If the owner of a billiard table has a' right to say what shots shall not be made on it. In fact, if any owner has a right to control the property owned, then tho g-overnment.of a certain area, as, for instance, a state, has a rig-lit to say what use shall be made of the roads which it must, maintain. It is not a privilege, it is the duty of • a'state g-overnment to see to. it that its highways are not misused.—Good Boads. Oow to Grow it Kiu-c'-Nsrul <Jrt Gre:it Corn ISt-lt. E'ruit growing in the west is no longer an experiment, but an established fact, as was clearly demonstrated/tt our great exposition in Chicago. l!ut to grow a successful Orchard in the great corn belt of the west requires careful manncrcment. The amateur without education along the line Of horticulture, or experience, would be as likely to make a failure in fruit growing as the sailor would in agriculture, or the dry goods man in the fine stock business. To be successful in fruit growing at least three things should be understood: Selection of soil, varieties of trees to plant, and liotv to plant nnd cultivate. first, we would consider the selection of soil and location of the orchard. It is important to have a good location near the dwelling convenient for the wife and children, to make home cheerful and fruit' accessible, r.ml invite the winged songsters to enliven all nature arour.d us. The location should be on tbo highest elevation possible, so as to afford ;iir drainage to lessen the danger from frost in the blossoming period, :rnri assist in ripening the terminal buds for winter. The ground should be strong and rich. The idea that some have advanced that thin soil Ls needed for an orchard, is a thing of the past. The soil must be strong enough to grow a good crop of corn. I would prefer clay ' subsoil, as they retain muisturc better than any other, and would prefer a deep, black, vegetable mold for the surface. I 2nd that such soils arc well adapted for fruit, and produce apples of high color and excellent quality, and our drift denosits are valuable for fruit, such as are found on the Missouri slope west of the divide in the Missouri valley. that are being purchased bj- fruit men and planted to fruit. But I cannot urge the selection of good, [ rich, dry soils too much for fruit lands, i At the exposition we made it a strong i point to ascertain where all the best specimens Of fruit grew in Iowa and other states, and tve invariably found that the}' grew on high, dry. rich soils. But I aro aware that many cannot select dry, rolling land, but must plant on level land. To such I would say, plow your ground in ridges, so as to carry off the surface water, and plant deep on the ridges, and have the ground thoroughly tile drained. The tile should be laid from four to five feet deep. Prui-t trees will never thrive in low, wet, soggy ground.—A. F. Coil- man, in Prairie Farmer. DECULIAR la combination, pro* portion and preparation of ingredients, Hood's Sarsaparilla possesses great curative value. You should ^PY IT. How to !tfuko ifio Dairy I'jiy Determine *»in your own mind .tho amount of butler a cow should produce weekly to pay for her food and the labor of caring for her. Subject e;.-eh animal to nn individual test and di.-.po:,e of ail those failing to come up to ihc mark. Let the trial be a fair one untl see that proper rations are piwn. Equal parts of wheat, oats and e-.rn make a fairly good milk ration, if a small root ration can bo added, the yield of milk will be more satisfactury as a rule. Shelter the animals fr,-m the cold and wet by battening i.hc cracks or lining the stable with tnrrcd paper. Make a good article of butti-r, put it up in attractive shape and braiirl it so that it may be easily recog:ii7.-fl. —liuckcye. TiFEKK is little danger of inakin;' :,nc soil too rich for strawberries, but i!i(-n: is a possibility of injuring the p!-nts with commercial fertilizers, if p':n-orl too closely about coarse manure. the roots, and with SCROFULA ; Miss Delia Stevens, or Boston, Mi!--writes: I h^v« always HutTi-red ir. i licrL-ditary Scrofula, for -vs-Uich I tried v; rious rcmedicy, a.n<i m^-Dy reliable plv;- clans- butuoaerclicveilmc. Aftoriai.iTi sLx bottles of ir.w-jrj 1 an > now v , I am very ICIikJKH Kmtoful to vas I feel tliat •,""«• HoavoJmefi. > a life of untold agony, anU pleasure In speaking only words of pralso for ibc i wonderful modlcfnc. and | < • ia recommending k to alL and bha.l i.. GlIU Tro.au on Bloal ud Skin Dtwua XilM Fm. SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., Atlanta, C.,. A LADY'S TOILE Is not complete without an ideal POHPLEX10 i PGZZONI'S Combines every cJemeci beauty and purity. Jt is be.-: fying, soothing, healing, hea nil. a** 1 harmless, and •» rightly osed is invisible. A n delicate and desirable protec to the face in this climate. ladst apcn having the geaui