The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 6, 1950 · Page 2
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 2

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, June 6, 1950
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Page 2
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TWO The Nation Today: Segregation Dispute* Supreme Court Rulings Are Not Always Clear By .TAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON, June 6. <AP) — When Supreme Court Justices hand down a decision, it's always In writing. And that's all there Is. That's the end of It. If a decision doesn't seem quite clear to you, that's your tough 'luck. . You can't go and ask them to explain. They don't explain ihcir written decisions to anyone niter- wards. To laymen—ana often to hiwyers —the decisions of the court arc not always so clear-cut that anyone reading them can say positively what is meant. There are two reasons for this: Language Not Clear 1. The language the justices use. They don't always write well. Sometimes their language Is not only long-winded, involved and clumsy but seems so rubbery it could mean different things to different people. 2. The Justices themselves repeatedly have said they try to give decisions as narrow ns possible. That is, they try to say what the Con- st.Lution nivans only in some particular case before them. When another case comes before them—similar to but slightly different from the firot case—they say what they think the Constitution means In that one. Related Decisions So over a period of time they may give a number of related decisions, While avoiding sweeping interpretations of the Constitution. In other words, they try to move in a cautious way ,not a revolutionary way. There are exceptions to this, of course. And even cases where the Interpretation seems .narrow may have a wide effect and change a whole pattern of American practice of thinking. Take two of the cases which the Supreme Court decided yesterday, but before doing so look briefly at a decision which the court handed down in 1896. Segregation Possible In that year the court decided that states may segregate the races —that is, keep Negroes and whites apart, such as in trains or schools or railroad waiting rooms—If the two races are provided substantially equal facilities. The court at that time thought Its decision did not violate the 14th amendment to the Constitution which says "no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges ... of citizens of the United States"."" >:< . '. Yesterday the court gave decisions in these tsuuaLses'::, .,£.,j^;,, gro ,wan versity of he itvas'i ; Negro,"he was "lurried down. But there was then no Texas law school for Negroes. Neyro. School Set- Up To make a" long story short, Texas setup a Negro law school but, the court says, this was much inferior to the while law school. Further says the court,-this did not provide Toxas Negroes with educational facilities equal to those of white Texas law students. Therefore, the court said Sneatt must be allowed Into the white Texas law school. But—the court didn't overturn the old decision of 1896. Nor did It sny Texas must continue to let Negroes Into the wlilte law school it Texas ever provide.* a Negro law school equal to that of the white one. Decision Limited Yet^-this decision was limited to the University of Tcxns law school. It seems to leave Texas free to keep whites and Negroes apart in the rest of the schools in Texas. At the same time, it broke down some of Texas' age-old policy of segregation. At least in this one school. 2. G. W. McLaurin, a Negro in Oklahoma. He applied for -itiinis- sion to the University of Oklahoma to study to be a teacher. He wns rejected because of his race. Oklahoma hns a segregation law on schools. But—again to make a long story shorf^he wns finally" admitted after going to court. He said the Constitution was violated because lie wasn't given equal oportunlly for education with white students. He Was Segregated Yet, when he was admitted, he was segregated: he had to sit/ apart from white students, eat apart from them, use a separate part of the library. He went to court again and his case reached the Supreme Court. The court ruled yesterday that, by segregating him In the school, the state was Interfering with his ability to study. Therefore, the court said, he was not given his Constitutional right of equnl protection. It ordered the segregation of McLaurin in the school to stop. in that school, the court said, he must receive equnl treatment with other students. But the court didn't rule on Oklahoma's lower schools. And the points involved in the McLaurin declslno rae the same as those in the Sweatt'case explained above. (ARK.)' COTJRTEK NEWS You Won't Bounce on Rubber Roads, But They May Stretch Highway Life BV HOUOI.AS I. AD Ct*\» r"—?-rr~ fwrmtimv*.TT—~ ( T—j-^v^^-^.^t-.-^..^,^..-. „-.„.„-,,,._...,.... _.^^T-*|,,-. ,11.1. ,, »^-.,.,._— New Grasses Tried DAVIS. Calif. — (IP)— More than 500 kinds of range grasses have been imported to California during the past five years, reports the University's College of Agriculture. Tbe^reame from:-various; areas of TO^JJnllecI S(ates'''as welt as from foreign countries throughout • the world. In adaptation trials, the new grasses are planted In various counties to see where they will do well and produce better rnnge feed. By DOUGLAS MRSKX NKA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON (NBA) — II you do any cross-country driving on your vacation this summer, chances are you will aid an experiment which holds promise o[ revolutionizing America's highways. Certain sections of key highways around the country have been paved with asphalt which has been mixed with rubber. An you ride over these test sections, you'll probably never know It. Even if you /in „,,( on the rubberized section you won't bounce. It'll even be harder than usual, the engineers hope. It's an experiment that will take many years to finish, since the promised benefits win take a long time to prove. The great hope Is that the use of rubber will reduce Ihe cost ol .maintenance on the roads far below the initial cost of the rubber. Here are some of the advantages claimed for the rubberized road: Laboratory tcst.s have indicated Hint Ihe rubber aids asphalt's resistance to rapidly chunging temperatures, sun's rays and water Water Is the most efficient riesiroy- er of asphalt roads. It seeps In from above and beneath and tends to separate the sand and gravel from the tar substance which binds them all together. Rubber In the asphalt, It Ls expected, will Increase its ability to (nke bi? Jolts without tormlug bumps. It will keep It from melting In the hot sun, and from becoming brittle in the winter. • The driver will get some iinmecH- ate benefits, It Is predicted. A rubberized road ts supposed to be less slippery, both wet and dry, and to be reststant to Ice formation. Although rubber roads will be something new to the U.S. this summer, one section has been un dergoing observation for many years In Holland, on a highway Just outside Rotterdam. Germans ran most ot their heavy military equipment over it during the war; so did U.a, forces In shoving the Hermans out. In spite of this ex- Lra-heavy use. the road is in per- Icct shape today and still requires no maintenance. In the U.S.. however, different types of asphalt are used. Difficulties In finding the right blend held up U.S. road tests until thb year. Powdered rubber Is used. There .s disagreement as to whether na- ural rubber or synthetic Is best, but Independent engineers say that either would probably be satisfactory II the general Idea is proved sound. On, a lest section laid Just outside of .Richmond, Va., it cost an additional »900 per mile to add the rubber. It -is a road 30 feet wide, which normally would nave cost $6000 per mile to cover with asphalt. This additional cost Is small, WATER Is Your Cheapest Commodity ... USE IT FREELY! Blytheville Water Co Blytheville, Ark. NKW STKKTCII: This Jtxiks like almost 'any other asphalt road paving operation, but all those extra engineers and officials are on hind because It's Hie nation's first stretch of rubber road on Route 250, Virginia, uul down In a U. S.-wide test. • way maintenance bill, which last I year was $300,000.003. however, If it could result In a substantial cut in the nation's high- with this NEW EASY SPINDRIER Tliis new Ensy Spimlrier washes, rimes, . d.lmp.dries things no oihcr washer can safely do: slipcovers, blankets, coinfoners. . cosily hunting shins, wiiuer ivooh'es. \*. mom iwo-cub aeiion docs a week's wash in less tlian an hour! Conic in today . see Ibis amaiing EASY Spindrier in aclion. ANY LONGER WHEN YOU CAN GET THIS Senators Want Gasoline Check WASHINGTON, June e, (*>)—Two senators want a senate Investigation of what tliey call "the constantly rising trend In gasoline prices. A 'resolution caning tor the Inquiry was Introduced yesterday by Senators Ferguson (R-Mfch) aJid O'Mahoney (IJ-Wyo). Ferguson said the price trend "Indicates monopolistic practices and manipulation of prices." He said he wants to know whether anti-trust laws are being violated. New Midget Auto Race To Open at W. Memphis WEST MEMPHIS. Ark., June 6. I/PJ—A new midget automobile race track opens near here Saturday night. C. L. Montgomery. Jr., general manager of the Riverside Speedway, announced yesterday the opening of the track and said it will cost almost S150.0DO when completed. It Is expected to seat more than 9,000. The quarter-of-a-mile oval Is Mining Town Sold for Scrap PHOENIX, Ariz.. Jun« 6. W-year-old New Mexico co*l mining town of Dawson wai sold today for salvage. The town, located in northeastern New Mexico, was owned by the Phelps Dodg« Corporation. It w«s bought by th« National Iron and Metal Company of Phoenix in a transaction Involving >n estimated tsoo.ooo. The 300 families which once constituted the town's population moved out recently when school closed. The school, gymnasium, a theater, a hospital, the town church and many homes will be razed in the salvage operations. Samuel Shapiro, president of the Phoenix concern, said changing economic conditions led to the sale. Most of the coal produced there had been sold to the Southern Pacific Railroad. Conversion to dlesel locomotives had removed the market. aboTit two and a half miles west ol the Arkansas-Tennessee bridge. You sleep t>ctter—you rest belter on . the even, smooth surface of a Rcstonic Triple Cushion Mattress. 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