MONDAY, JUNE 5, 1950 BrATHRVII.LB (AUK.) COURIER NEWS The Nation Today: Changing Viewpoints— U.S. Now kecondted To Troubled Future By JAMES MAKLOW | Uussln. of widening responsibilities, WASHINGTON, June 5. (AV—Like of new sacrifices—made Americans son]eonc who lias bcconie u.>ed to «||:i, we seem reconciled now to a ^Pfj and troubled future. Just look back a b!t to see how It was, and how It" is with us now. Right alter World War H we had high hopes of peace for a long time, since trouble-making Germany had been taken care of. The wartime taxes were still with 1 us. We hoped they'd come down fast, The national debt was vast. We hoped we'd fix that soon, too. It seemed sensible to think, after all the bloody killing in the war, we could cut our military forces. In Tact \ve did. We reduced them to a fragment. Fast. But, gradually our relations with Russia turned .sour. Country after country was yanked under the Soviet wing. Fishwife Talk And the United Nations, that great hope of mankind, became place for fishwife Uilk. Enst and WftsL used It to quarrel with each other. Two secretaries of slate, Byrnes ami Marshall, made trips to Europe In the hope of patching up the damage before it- became too fierce. When they returned, It was clear from their reports to us the skies growing darker, not brighter, faxes dropped just a little. But •latching fearfully as Russia moved around, we began to build up the armed forces aga i n. HOJM-S Dim for Tax Cut There was an end to hopes for a Dig cut In taxes. Tt meant an end too, to any hope of making B real cut In the national debt. We were well on our way.to making bigger and worse atomic bombs hoping It would be years before Russia could make even one. The Marshall Plan started. The pJan for helping Europe ami so help us by slaving 1 off, communism. There were screams about how much It cost and would cost unti' It was lo end, or supposed to end In 1952. Thtngs got worse, not better. Ali China, with its 400,000,000 people was falling to the Communists communism's greatest pri?,e yet. Atlantic F:\cl Entered Then we entered the Atlantic Pact: An agreement nmong the Western democracies to stick lo- gpther against communism.. There seemed less talk of cutting taxes, a sign the country was getting reconciled to a long struggle with Russia. And then we entered the arms pact with Western Europe, to back up (he Atlantic Pact. .There were some screams la Con- '/•;ess about this because of the cost "-although Congress went along— and because for the first time In our peacetime history we were entering-n military alliance. • •• - : Program Shows Will But nothing .showed better than Uie Atlantic Pact and the arms pro- Bram how far and how fast this country had moved In 10 or 11 years. We were getting up to our necks In the world now, and we knew U. Meanwhile, we learned the Russians had moved more quickly than our expert* thought they would: They had an atomic explosion, sure, news they had the atom bomb or soon Would have. This news both -chilled and stiffened American thinking: We knew st. last how truly important time was. time to get ready for the worst, Jf it came. We might still hope the future could be worked out peacefully, but we knew row we couldn't depend on hope alone. If we w tin ted peace; we had to get ready for war to make peace possible—maybe. All this—the constant piling up of new steps In the struggle with used Jo the Idea, that future might be dark for a long time. "We'll Spend More" H meant we were going to con- inue to spend money, a lot of It. And gradually we grew closer to Europe in our thlnktng. Maybe that s why In the past few weeks Americans .never seemed lo bat an eye vhcn— Secretary of Slate Achcson talked of helping Europe economically when the Marshall Pan ends in 1952 and when President Truman talked of huge, new spending on arms for us and Europe. And maybe it explains why no one seemed to .get excited when we learned that more than 50 members of Congress, including at least 25 ;enutors, support the Idea of talking over a federal union with Eur ope. K SFVKE NO HANDICAP—Fred B. Snilc, finds his iron lung no hnndicnp ns mcnl in Chicago. Holding hi: Jr,, long-time victim of polio, he takes part in a bridge touinp- is curds is nurse Betty Mass. Auto Strikes Stafe Trooper GRADY, Ark., June 5. <A')—An Arkansas sintc trooper, checking cars nt a roadblock, was Injured seriously when he was struck by an automobile near here early yesterday. The trooper, Melvln DoLong, who Is stationed at Dumas, was taken to a Dumas hopstial. He suffered a broken right leg. DcLong and two deputy sheriffs had stopped an automobile for questioning of the occupants in an investigation of the slaying of Ray S. Roberts, 50, of Memphis, at West Memphis, Ark., early Stilurdny. DeLong was .struck as he stood beside the stopped automobile. The driver. Bob Baugham. 40. a Negro tenant farmer, was held at Star City on an open charge. Arkansas 'Horns' Hold Meeting DANVILLE. Ark., J line 5 . </Fj— Arkansas amateur radio operators held a "hamfesl" at Spring Lake near here yesterday. Some 200 "hams" and members of their families attended the session. Included were some enthusiasts from other states. ; A proposal that the Arkansas legislature be asked to allow amateur operators to have license tags bearing their station call letters was discussed. Some states have such provision. The operators, most of whom are members of the Amateur Radio RR- Jay League, will .meet in Conwaj next year. Soviet Woman Scientist Finds 'Virgin Birth" Among Some Hew Ce//s LONDON. June 5—OP)—Tnss .said Saturday a. Soviet woman scientist has proved that ne\v cells form ' in living organisms in a kind of "virgin birth." | The Soviet news agency said Olga Lepishinskaya. a Moscow professor of biology, found that these new ceils develop directly from non- cellular matter in the organism. Accepted scientific theoi-y ho.s been that new cells originate only bv division from existing, Kvlng cells. Reporting Professor Plepeshius- kaya'.s findings Tass said; "She proved the possibility of the development of biological organisms and cells from the no-structural albumen of figgs of various birds, "Tlii.s research proved thai RgB Rains Run Cutin Galveston GALVESTON. Tex., June 5. OT— Galveston—hit by its biggest rain in 50 years Saturday—is bock to normal. Three to four feet of water swirled around over most of this resort city as the result of a 14.21-inch downpour. The last of the water drained off by late Saturday afternoon and cleanup work was finished yesterday. At least $500.000 damage was suffered, Charles H. Oehlei, street commissioner, said an estimated $100.000 of this was to streets. Merchants estimated their losses at $400.000. High winds whipped the Island city during the nine-hour rain, but there were no deaths or injuries. Crowds flocked to sunny beaches yesterday and hotels and tourist courts were cowded. Stores were cleaned up and closed—ready for business today. monlons relationship between law enforcement and the press cannot :>e overestimated," Hoover said. 'It is, indeed, vital to the public interest, for tt Is the public ivnicJi benefits when the relationship achieved is that ol n voluntary partnership." CIO Holds 'Jobless' Meet WASHINGTON, June 5. «')—The CIO today opened a live-day conference designated to spur community welfare planning to help the unemployed. About 150 CIO and welfare officials /coin various parts of the country were called to Washington for the meeting, EDSON Continued from Page 6 building program. If jieimlWed to BO through with this program, Veterans Administration could save a lot of money. A nc\v Budget Hurcau field .study on government, hospital operation casts is now under way. But a recent- survey indicated thai 11 was costing nboul S8.000.000 a year more to operate (he temporary hospitals Hum it would be to operate the same number of beds In permanent, buildings. The trouble Is that every time il proposal is made to shut down otic of these Inefficient installations, local pride mid pocketbooks gel hurt and produce a terrific yell. Governors nn(i congressmen nml senators join Ihe protest. And under sucl pressure, saving the go^crnmen money becomes Impossible. Veterans Administration Is now operating 100,000 beds. Its new building program will provide 35,000 more beds, which will bring the VA up to its presldentlally-set cell- ins of 131.000 beds. Not all beds are occupied all the lime. KIghty-flve per cent occupancy Is considered most efficient. Present Veterans Administration hospital costs «re figured at, $10.03 per day per patient. The average Is 26 days per patient. VA's medical director. Or. I'aul B, Mnguuson, believes that one of the best ways lo save money fnr (lie government Is to reduce this lime us much as possible, consistent with good care. I iftcrn Slalrii io K« Closed This Is the list of temporary hospitals which the Veterans Administration now wants lo close as new facilities nre opened: dishing General Hospital, 1100 beds. Framinghnm, Mass. Phoenix General Hospital, 144 lx-ds. Phoenix. Ariz. Fort Logan General Hospital, 328 Press Aids Police In Law Enforcement, J. Edgar Hoover Soys WASHINGTON. June 5. W) — J, Edgar Hoover said Saturday cooperation between press and police is a vital clement In successful law- enforcement. The FDI director paid high tribute to the assistance given by newspapers and news services lo the police effort, in a signed editorial in the June issue of the Law Enforcement Bulletin, privately circulated by the FBI to law officers throughout the United States. "The value of a closs and har- albumen is not merely a lifeless nourishing medium, but living matter capable o! developing and forming cells." Taw said the findings "dperf "up broad prospects for establishing the principal Jan's of the organic world." When You Want Your Clothes To Look Their Best — Call BLYTHEVILLE LAUNDRY-CLEANERS beds, near Denver, Colo. Clinmblcc General Hospital, 150 beds, Cliiimbler, On. Port Benjamin Harrison General Hospital. 500 beds, near Indlarmu- olls, Inu. Topcka Ncurapsyclilnlrlc Hospl- lal. 1400 beds Topcku, Kan. This Is a big NP training center and will not be closed lor some years. Louisville General Hospital, 1000 beds, Louisville, Ky. New Orleans General Hospital, 670 beds, New Orleans, La. Springfield Tubercular Hospital, 600 beds, Springfield. Mo. Saratoga Springs General Hospital. 50 beds, Saratoga Springs. N.Y. Swannnoa General Hospital, 500 beds. Swnmmoa. N.C. Crlle General Hospital, 1000 beds, Cleveland. Ohio. Oklahoma General Hospital, 220 betls, Oklahoma City, Okla. Butler General Hospital, 005 beds, Butler, Pa. McKlnncy General Hospital, 1000 beds, McKlnney, Tex. Only one VA temporary hospital lias actually been closed. Thl» 1* a 150-bed hospital at WUmlnjton, Del. The 1500 VA beds In Halloran General Hospital, statcn Island, H. Y., have been reduced to 75Q. Eventually all win be vacated and th« facility will be returned to lh« itato of New York for a children's hospital. ISON OAK «r SUMAC f\/\f* Science hai di*•' VK B covered an »ccl- W> vl K Jcnl new treatment for ivy, oak or sumac poisoning. It's gentle and safe, dries up tin blisters in a surprisingly jhorl lime, — often witnia 24 houra. 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