FRIDAY, JULY 80, 1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE NIN1 REVIEW ™° FORECAST Bollworms Can be Stopped If Eggs Are Spotted Early By H. H. CARTER, Assistant County Agent A few farmers in North Mississippi County have observed signs of bollworms in cotton during the last couple of weeks. Examination of a number of these fields have revealed a few damaged squares but practically no worms. No eggs were found. So far no field was found in which poisoning was justified. ' Such a situation indicates that "there was a moth flight and short period of egg-laying abou two weeks *• ago. Also, it indicates good natural control by beneficial insects. . However, the bollworm situation deserves watching. Entomology reports are that infestations are getting heavier in some secions of the .. state. The cotton bollworm can be very serious problem largely because of its difficulty of control with insecti- r . cides. Poisoning with insecticides, • If done when not needed, may increase rather than decrease bollworm damage to cotton. If spraying is needed, but done too late, poor • control will be secured. To understand the bollworm prob- • lem, one must know something about the habits of the insect. Life Cycle and Habits In Arkansas, damaging outbreaks the bollworm usually occur from • the middle of July through August, or even later on cotton whicjt is still in a succulent, growing condition. . Moths lay their eggs singly and for the most part on the top side of leaves in the -terminals (outer tips of branches). The egg is round in shape, slightly smaller than a pin head in size, and white to yellowish in color. It hatches in three or four days. The small larva (worm) feeds in the terminal on tiny squares and leaf buds at first. As it grows in size, it works its way down the plant feeding on larger squares and bolls. - Unless destroyed by natural enemies this feeding period lasts for about two weJks. • A single larva may destroy 10 or 12 squares of bolls during this time. At the end of the feeding period the mature larva drops to the ground, enters the soil and pupates (changes to the moth). This change requires about two weeks. After this the moth emerges and starts egg laying. If fresh corn silks are not available on which to lay their eggs, moths are attracted to rank, growing cotton. Give Natural Control a Chance Farmers should give natural control by beneficial insects every op- vortunity to function, for two reasons. First, beneficial insects, where spraying or dusting, will generally control bollworms in cotton. Rare exceptions are when moths fly-in in such, large numbers as to cause a very rapid build-up. Second, bollworms are fcard to contjol with insecticides. Natural enemies if given a chance will generally do a better job. " Proper timing and application of the insecticide are absolutely necessary for satisfactory results. The worms must be poisoned while they are small and still in the terminals. It is almost impossible to secure satisfactory control after they enter the larger squares and bolls. To prevent a possible, damaging break-through of bollworms into larger squares and bolls requires inspection of cotton fields at five to seven day intervals throughout the bollworm season—from mid- July until the crop has matured. How to Inspect To make such inspections, examine 100 main-stem terminals (3 or 4 inches of the top of the plant) over the field, for eggs and worms. A general, rule is to use insecticides when as many as four or five small worms plus eggs are found per 100 terminals. To spray for bollworms on the basis of finding only a limited number of damaged squares, without first determining the current extent of egg laying and of young worms in terminals, might be a mistake. The situation most likely could be JONES TRUCK LINES, Inc. General Offices — Springdale, Ark. -Announces- New Doily Direct Service ARKANSAS ' Fayetteville — Fort Smith —- Jones"boro Little Rock — Springdale MISSOURI Joplfai — Kansas City — Springfield St. Louis OKLAHOMA McAlister — Muskogee — Oklahoma City — Tulsa TEXAS Dallas — Denison For Service or Information Phone POplar 5-3545 Blytheville or Jonesboro WEbster 2-6919 YIELD'S AS HIGH AS WHEAT—James Kagle, of Cumberland County, Pa., stands shoulder high in his field of new-type wheat developed at Pennsylvania State College, about three years ago. Farmers from the Keystone state claim the new brand gives them a better yield and more straw. Pemiscot Notes By W. F. James. Pemiscot County Agent Boll Worms We've been expecting boll worms i: cotton and now they are here. No, they are not working on all cotton. ' r They are spotty. I checked a field on the L. B. Hughes Farm south of Caruthersville where they .were not numerous enough as yet to justify ' spraying. Across the road in Olin Dillard's field boll worms were twice as thick. So don't start spraying just because your neighbor does. Flared squares in the cotton middles are probably the first evidence you'll see of boll worms. The worm may only chew a few bites on the tender bud inside the squar* to cause it to flare open and drop off. Worms of Various sizes are being found. One of them may chew on a dozen or more squares or bolls. The worm usually can be found on the stalk where you've found the damaged squares. Five worms and some worm eggs found on 100 terminals (bolls o'r squares) is the signal to get out your sprayer. Now, spraying for boll worms is a real battle. You need to use 2 to 3 pounds toxaphene and 1 to 2 one in which egg-laying is not oc- curing or beneficial insects are keeping the bollworms under adequate control, as seems to be the general situation in the county at present. To spray would kill the beneficial insects and set the stage for a damaging infestation of bollworms, especially if moths should move in in heavier numbers soon after poisoning. pounds of DDT per acre. The heavier rate is needed where cotton foliage is heavy. Be peat the spray in five days and if necessary give it a third spray. "Garden-fresh" mean vitamin rich. The fresher the food, the better the taste, the less the waste. ONE-ROW SPINDLE-TYPE COTTON PICKER WARNING ORDER IN THE CHANCERY COURT, CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPPI COUNTY, ARKANSAS Henry K. Millhorn, Pltf. vs. No. 12,712 Mrs. Ora Millhorn, Dft. The defendant, Mrs. Ora Mill horn, is hereby warned to appea within thirty days in the cour named in the caption hereof and answer the complaint of the plain tiff, Henry K. Millhorn. Dated this 8th day of July, 1954. SEAL GERALDINE LISTON, Clerk By VIRGINIA WALTERS, D. C Ed B. Cook, Atty. for Pltf. 7/9-16-23-3 Political Announcement The Courier News is authorize to announce the following cand date for the 'Runoff Primary Au gust 9. For State Representative Mississippi County Post No. 4 K. H. (Buddy) Howard E. C. (Gene) Fleeman Think About By GERTRUDE B. BOLIMAN County Home Demonstration Agent tSate *-n Week The 4-K'ers are making final lans for attending the State 4-H Veek at Fayetteville. We will, eave from the Court House Mon-j State during the week with a sli- .ay, August 2 at 5:30 o'clock andjght but welcome moderation beg- efu'rn Friday night, August 6. inning over the weekend. The The girls will participate in var- weekly mean temperature at 20 ous activities at 4-H Week. Those j reporting stations was 86 degrees, elected to attend and major activ- which is 4 degrees above the nor- Weather And Crop Bulletin *. (Compiled by cooperative efforts of USDA, Extension Service, Department of Commerce and University of Arkansas College of Agriculture.) Hot weather continued over the —-*,•%* v i + —w vw. " make a crop with good rains. Much COTTON continues to fruit heavily on short stalks. Growth, however, has practically stopped in some fields and much cotton is bl- | corning in the top. A few scattered \ fields are throwing off squares and i small bolls. Local showers were qui- i te helpful to the crop. the Johnson-Pope County The main Elberta harvest will b« about over in another week in to* Nashville area. VEGETABLE crops have been damaged considerably by heat and drought. .' Many PASTURES are furnl«hlr« little or no grazing and supplement feeding is necessary. Recent ihow- the outbreak is not yet serious and! little poisoning has been necessary. SOYBEANS have been damaged USDA reports that IT. ». ;ura! exports in January "were les are as follows: Shirley Potter, state dress re- oie. Roy Lynn Via, state dress revue. Barbara Bevill,- state dress re- aie. Johnnie Lou Johnson, handicraft. Mary Elizabeth Abbott, health demonstration. Doris Mullins, Softball. Glinda Towles, talent. Miss Jo Alice McGuire. former 4-H club member, will go as a unior leader. Time and Money Saver The Number Nine Home Demonstration" Club members really appreciated the cake mi;, demonstra- ;ion given at their club meeting recently. Mrs. Everett Rhodes says it is a time and money saver. A large amount of the mix can be made and stored in a tightly closed container and used as needed. mal. Weekly mean temperatures at heavily in some localities—in some j p er ceri t, over January instances, the heat has hurt them j earlier. Farm exports tbi The mix made at home is quite a bit cheaper than the bought mix. Biscuits In A Jiffy Mrs. Roy Thomas at Leachville says with the biscuit mix that she learned to make at her H. D. Club meeting she can have biscuits in a jiffy. Mrs. Thomas makes-a soft dough with some of the mix and a little milk, then drops it by the spoon fulls on to a baking sheet. If Mrs. Thomas wants smooth top biscuits she makes a slightly stiffer dough and rolls it out instead of having dropped biscuits. Working Walls "Working walls" are solving storage problems in many modern homes. These are walls faced with pegboard, a material that makes it possible to put shelves and hangers at any place or re-arrange things without defacing the wall. Peg-board is used in many kitchens for hanging pots and pans, cooking forks, memo pads, egg beaters, or any object that be needed often. When used to line closets, this novel material makes it convenient to hang hats, clothes, and shoes. As a lining for a garage, it keeps the lawn mower, wheel barrow, rake, hoe, or shovel on its proper hook and keeps it off the floor. Peg-board has been used in several public buildings here in Blytheville, too, which include the Noble Hotel and Kirby's Drug Store. Peg-board is a form of perforated pressed hardboard. This material provides a functional and attractive combination of holes and interchangeable hooks and brackets. Holes are spaced one inch apart. More than 60 types of matched metal hanging fixtures fit any hole in the panel. They lock into place and can be interchanged without using any tool. It's Time To Build a cutting box. Put it in a moist shady location and grow your favorite shrubs. Propagate oriental poppies, bleeding hearts, anchusa during these stations ranged from 83 degrees at Blytheville to- 88 degrees at Dardanelle, Fort Smith, and Czark. The highest temperature reported during the week was 109 degrees at- Ozark on Saturday the 24th; and the lowest, 85 degrees at Gilbert on Tuesday the 27th. Scattered showers and thundershowers were reported from some place in the State everyday except Monday the 26th and the morning of Tuesday the 27th. The average weekly rainfall for the 20 stations reporting measurable rainfall was 0-52 inch. j Rardanelle and Texarkana had no | rain while El Dorado, Morrilton,' Portland, and Pine Bluff had only ( sprinkles too light to measure. The greatest weekly total reported was'- 1.33 inches at Black Rock. About every county in the State received some rain during the week. All rainfall, however, was in the form of local showers, parts of a county receiving very good rain and other parts very little or none. Showers were heaviest in South East-Central, and Northeastern Arkansas and were particularly beneficial to cotton, rice, soybeans, late ;orn. late hay, sorghums, and pastures. Much of the State, however, is greatly in need of a good general rain and relief from the extremely hot weather of recent weeks. Although local showers helped late hay, late corn and sorghums, much corn was beyond recovery and a serious FEED shortage still ex- more than the dry weather. Beans have been blooming but not setting fruit. The outlook, however, has improved considerably in areas favored by heavy showers. The outlook for a good RICE crop is still favorable, although some farmers have had difficulty keeping sufficient water on their fields. The local showers should increase the size of Elberta PEACHES in earlier. Farm exports tbii totaled $269 million. AITHiniC f iMIi JMBM nVH * W JMtfer r« UM JLJL Pate . KIKBT DRUG STORE* acreage of silos. HAY ists. A considerable CORN is going into now being harvested is of inferior quality and the yield is low. SOK- GHUMS in the drier areas have stopped growing but could still July by taking root cuttings about one inch long. Plant in rich sandy loam, and keep moist and shaded until well developed for transplanting. Transplant iris. The best time or transplanting iris is in late summer when the leaves begin to die back. Plant very shallow. Plant the following vegetables or fall production: bush beans, broccoli, beets (for storing), brus- sels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, carrots (for storing), endive, kale, Kohl rabi, ettuce, rutebaga (for storing), Swiss chard, and turnips in late July. COMPARE THE PRICE Let Ibe ABig-Chftlmer* One-Row Cotton Picker come to the rescue. It's designed for quick mounting on the regular CA, WD and WD-45 farm tractors. Equipped with long, grooved, spindles, thi» machine gets a high percentage of open bolk . .. with less staining of lint and less trash in the cotton. Aa cotton k picked, if s elevated and blown into a closed wire-mesh basket Unload instantly with hydraulic power. Let u« show you how you can get your oottoa picked ... 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H m«*n« faster, a«i«r, foolproof coupling «nd n*> •oupltngl Every valve, coupling and fitting H mad* of «•• feett «% ... YET A-M SYSTEMS COST NO MORH C«H M far « A-M SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEMS McKINNON'S Irrigation Equipment Co. Manila, Ark. Phoiw 111 You'll get more than ever before of the last 10%...the PROFITABLI10% A'ith a lxcluilv« IH oppoft«d-action doubt** shok* cUaning prevents grain waste due to straw "bridging" between chaffer and shoe sieve. Positive agitation and controlled air blast save more grain—get it seed clean I New 60 hp v«tvt-In-h«ad •n0fn« gives you steady power for grain-saving threshing, complete separation, and thorough cleaning in toughest condi- tioni. Engine k up, out of tfa« dirt. Mow, 004 moro ttio* ovor of ftio k»t K>% lnstont-r«sponding controls — new power steering,* hydraulic brakes,* variable-speed propulsion drive, hydraulic platform controls — make it easier than ever to save grain. "9$hot" lubrication at noon savei valuable field time, Let IM tfesvr f99 how a McConnick No. 141, with 10, 12 or 14-foot platform, can help you bin bushel* raoi* of every grain or grue crop you grow! •Optional at ntra M*. fti* PROFITAIL110% •OffltbfftM North Highway 61 Your 0/iVtf Deafer Phone 3-8166 *^JjPJ8|*^ ^BBWWWI "S«rvkf HoMs Ow Trade" BlytheviH*, Ark.
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