The Honolulu Advertiser from Honolulu, Hawaii on February 20, 1968 · 87
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The Honolulu Advertiser from Honolulu, Hawaii · 87

Honolulu, Hawaii
Issue Date:
Tuesday, February 20, 1968
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1 HAWAII GROWTH '6 HONOLULU ADVERTISER TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1968 By Land, Sea and Air SECTION IV PAGE 13 if 1 s Putting the Roads on the Show 1XSV.'.V. '.'.. .. V '-J&X.-. '"flOAi-.- ' ."'.V. s r - 4 k i Kapiolani Interchange: Closing the gap. Hawaii moved ahead by land, sea and air in 1967, aided by new facilities constructed and administered by the State Department of Transportation. The year saw establishment of a new statewide traffic safety program and the acquisition of $40 million worth of private waterfront property for State harbor development. The opening of the Kapiolani Interchange probably eased traffic more than any other transportation project completed during the calendar year. This $5.4 million interchange connects two previously completed portions of Lunalilo Freeway, providing a non-stop drive of three miles through urban Honolulu. During peak hours, the freeway ride is increased another seven-tenths of a mile in one direction when portions of the incomplete freeway are opened between Koko Head Ave. and 21st Ave. in Kaimuki. Other highway work finished during the year lengthened the rural portion of H-l and improved existing highways on Windward Oahu and the Neighbor Islands. The long-range highway program calls for completion by 1972 of three Oahu freeways (H-l, H-2 and H-3) totaling 50 miles and costing approximately $320 million. Improvement will continue on major routes on all islands. Prompted by the National Highway Safety Act of 1966, the State Legislature voted a comprehensive program of traffic safety legislation, including provisions for periodic relicensing of drivers. E. Alvey Wright, deputy director of transportation, is acting State traffic safety coordinator. The Department of Transportation participated with other State, Federal and City-County agencies in the Oahu Transportation Study on mass transit and new highways. Airport improvement included lengthening of the runway at Kailua, Kona, on the Big Island to 4,400 feet to permit full-load take-offs by inter-island turbo-prop jets. Airplane taxiways and taxiway lighting for the new jet runway at General Lyman Field at Hilo were completed in April, and the first scheduled direct jet flights from the Mainland arrived Oct. 1. Long-range plans of the Airports division include a $3.4 million new terminal for General Lyman, and a new airport at Keahole on the Big Island's Kona side by 1971. The 1972 target date for completion of an extension of the Kahului, Maui airport runway may be moved up to meet trans-Pacific jet landing demands. The biggest push for airport readiness will be at Honolulu International Airport, which expects 400-passenger jumbo jets by 1970, and supersonic transports by 1971. iinHirTf ir iiifiiigvilT!iiiiTfin?iritftfTnrMr''BTnriir'ii -itiTriirrtiiiiitiiiinr'iinniif 'iiiiMf&tin' Kona Airport: Increasing the load Isle Tsunamis Bring Tidal Wave of Research to UH By ED ENGLEDOW Advertiser Staff Worker : An infant science, fathered by Hawaiian disasters, is making the 50th State an international center of research. It is a partnership of the State and Federal governments and a variety of agencies of each. It is known as the Joint Tsunami Research Effort and is headquartered in the Department of Geophysics at the University of Hawaii. The word "tsunami" is a newcomer in the American lexicon but the scientific community would like to see it adopted to embrace such oceanic disturbances as seismic and tidal waves. Historically Hawaii has been a prime target of these massive water movements which travel at a sub-surface speed of hundreds of miles an hour after being spawned by giant earthquakes beneath the crusts of land masses on the Pacific Basin. Recent history records tragic results: In 1946 a wave generated by an Aleutian Island quake swept through Ha waii, and 159 people died when it flooded coastal areas on the Big Island. In 1960 a tremor on the coast of Chile brought another which killed 62 in Hilo. . Damage from each ran into the millions. And between the' two, lesser quakes caused lesser waves which brought smaller damage tolls. The 1960 wave brought a demand for research that could be coordinated with operations agencies responsible for wave warnings and evacuations. The growing JTRE is the result as is the better - known Civ-Alert system which links the State's radio stations in a special Civil Defense warning network. William M. Adams, a seismologist and geophysicist at the University, has headed the agency since May 15, 1965, when he replaced one of its founders, Dr. Doak C. Cox. An active partner since the beginning, in 1959, has been the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey's warning station at Ewa Beach. Using research conclusions as developed at the JTRE, and a Pacific - wide seismographic and communications network, this station makes the vital decisions on call ing alerts and funnels those calls to Civil Defense, the police and the public. A more recent participant is the Federal Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) which joined the program in 1965 and which has a number of scientists actively taking part. What has the program accomplished in eight years? Chiefly, it has laid the groundwork and developed the framework for research in an area where the only earlier study was done on an uncoordinated basis. One of the most recent developments has been the establishment of the Hawaiian Archives for Tsunamis (HAT), an extensive library in which all information of seismic research is put in one place for the first time. Probably the first major project completed after the research program was formed was the establishment of danger zones the low-lying areas on the coasts of the islands where wave inundation was likely. Maps showing these areas have been publicized, and the coastal resident and police areas now know how far inland one must move to be safe during an alert. A model of the Island of Oahu now is being used at the University in an extensive study in which waves are generated so that the run-in on the coastal areas can be studied. This survey may eventually lead to a new posting of danger zones. Models also have been used for extensive study of Hilo Bay which apparently is one of the most wave-prone points on earth. Wave patterns have been charted under all types of simulated circumstances. The floor of Hilo Bay has also been given extensive physical attention as the scientists seek to determine just why it acts as a funnel for high-speed tsunamis. Probably one of the most effective research programs involves the dropping of a tsunami gauge on deep ocean bottoms to relay wave actions from points many miles from shore. With it the scientists hope to be more definite about making the early wave predictions which bring on alerts. Progress of the past indicates they may some day be able to forecast well in advance an earthquake which will generate a tsunami. Xewoo Basin Mj Oj (JUCICav v. -J I I I J II in U U I O I n 1 . J j nr mi U II U 1 L 1 Kapiolani Boulevard s Report on Kahaako: The Old and the New Kakaako, a name that means dull or slow in Hawaiian, is finding the onslaught of progress anything but dull or slow ! Bordered by South St. on the Ewa side, Ward on the Diamond Head side, and ranging from Kapiolani Blvd. to the ocean, this onetime sleepy area is awakening to the sound of bulldozers, construction equipment and all the sounds the wheels of progress make when they begin to turn. At one time nearly 150 residences dotted Kakaako. Now only a few remain, and some of them are used for warehouses and small offices. The Bishop Estate and the Victoria Ward Estate are the land-holders. While the Bishop holdings (West Kakaako) were at one time the .larger, much of the makai ,area was traded off to various government bodies including the Crown, the Territorial, Federal and State governments. ) The area grew like Topsy, ;and planned road systems had to be diverted around "existent dwellings with the resulting confusion of short and sometimes meandering roadways. Draft horses were stabled there; there were salt ponds, duck ponds and marshes, and even an airfield suitable for the open cockpit biplanes of that day. Now there is a complex of buildings ranging from cor-r u g a t e d steel to modern air-conditioned high-rising office buildings. Roomy parking areas will provide accessibility to the entire area within easy walking distance. Modern Kakaako is a far cry from the Japanese camps, the Hawaiian and Portuguese kulianas, and the open lands of the old days. With the encouragement of the local land-holding estates, divergent interests and enterprises have started and are developing what could become the prototype for the modern light industrial parks of tomorrow. Its proximity to the waterfront and to downtown Honolulu make it especially attractive in the eyes of industrial planners, and account for Kakaako becoming the fastest growing area in the city. P7 nnrThK' Area's Newest Business 0ia4Mt J1 Nestled close to the new Liberty Bank, a small corrugated building from the old days is on borrowed time, as the earth-movers close in. Kakaako's newest business is the largest Shell Oil station in the State of Hawaii. Eocated at the corner of Ward & Queen Sts., the new station will feature complete automotive service plus installation and maintenance of all types of auto air-conditioners. George Maeda, the new owner, will go to Shell Oil's dealer training facility on the West Coast in the near future. His wife, Lorraine, will act as bookkeeper and office manager. Maeda is an experienced journeyman mechanic with specialized training in auto air conditioners. Elizabeth's Delicatessen 9 OPEN 5:45 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. Breakfast Lunch Saimin. (Takeout Orders Available) 502-877 610 WARD AVE. FREE PARKING (NEW LOCATION) 755 KAPIOLANI BLVD. ROBT. AND RUTH UEHARA 566-066 o SPECIAL PUPUS o PAMECO-AIRE THE BEST IN EQUIPMENT THE FINEST IN SUPPLIES Air Conditioning Refrigeration Heating 420 Keawe St. Phone 564-484 feed & lOliiU CS, FOODS, INC. TATSUO GOTO, Pres. DENNIS GOTO, Secy.-Treas. 834 POHUKAINA ST. 581-237 Safe Ylikko 1 & Cocktail Lounge S. OGATA OWNER 841 Pohukaina St. 587-540 roopGo f REE DELIVERY SPECIALS BOX LUNCHES The Greater the Growth The Greater the Needs 1011 RECAP RECAPPING NEW TIRES DALWIN H. FUKUNAGA Owner 3dland lender Shop : SPECIALISTS: in Fender, Body Work & Pointing For appointment Call 581-278 426 WARD AVE. cor. Ilaniwai St. CONTINENTAL DISTRIBUTOR INC. EXCLUSIVE DISTRIBUTOR OF QUALITY MERCHANDISE Setchell Carlson Unit-IZED Television LEAR JET STEREO EIGHT COMPACT ELECTRA CLEANER EKC0 PRUDENTIAL C00KWEAR CENTENNIAL SEWING MACHINES ESTEY ELECTRONIC ORGANS TRANSPH0NIC STEREOS 59-306 905 HALEKAUWILA ST. Established 1945 Finest selection of WOOD CARVINGS by Haivaiian Artists Serving Trays lif Crt . I Fruit Bow-Leaf Design Largest designer, manufacturer, wholesaler and retailer of carved wood in Hawaii. BLAIR LTD. M. A. Blair, President bni General Manager 564-907 404 WARD AVE. CABLE Address Blairhen i 812 So. QUEEN ST. 502-423 (

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