The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on November 21, 1975 · 1
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 1

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London, Greater London, England
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Friday, November 21, 1975
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( We're creating a 10101 interest. Head Office High Street Skipton BD23 IDN .,- Telephone 0756 458 1 Branches Everywhere uildingA Assets 100,000,000 SOCIETY Printed in Manchester and London Friday November 21 1975 lOp Six die as jet plane hits car By David Pallister The wife of a Hawker Siddeley test pilot, their two daughters, and three other schoolgirls were killed yesterday when their car was hit by a jet plane piloted by a fighter ace of the Second World War. A flock of birds was blamed for the accident. The .dead woman was Mrs . Jennifer Whiltington, wife of Squadron Leader Leslie Whittington, who piloted the first jet aircraft to fly from England to Australia in less than a day. Their daughters who died were Lisa, 15. Julia, 10. The three other girls have not been named. The five girls were pupils at a local school, St. Catherine's, Bramley. They had been picked up in the car by Mrs Whittington, a task she and her husband undertook on alternate days. Mr Whittington was under sedation last night. They have two other children, an 18-vear-old boy at Cambridge University, and another boy aged 9 at hoarding school. The plane, carrying a Chinese trade delegation, was piloted bv Group Captain John (" Cat's Eves ") Cunningham. Hawker Siddeley's chief test pilot and a company director. During the war he made a study of night flying, and shot down 20 enemv aircraft a joint record. Mr Cunningham, and a copilot, had taken off from Duns-fold airfield, Surrey, a centre used by the company as a development centre for the Harrier jump jet. Their passengers included a Chinese trade delegation of six from Peking. Reports suggested that the plane struck a flock of birds before crashing into Mrs Whit-tington's car. Everyone in the plane walked from the wreckage. But last night Mr Cunningham and the head of the Chinese delegation, Tseng Cheng, a Vice-Minister for Communications, were detained in hospital with back injuries. The plane flopped down at the end of the runway, ploughed through the boun dary tences, ana nppeu me roof off the car which was on Picture back the A281, about a mile from the airfield. The plane burst into flames and stopped in a field about 200 yards from the road. A passenger from the plane, who was treated for shock at the Royal Surrey County Hospital, said: "I just saw the flock of birds and when the plane hit them there was a bump. We lost power and then there was a very rough landing. I did not know we had even hit the car until after the plane landed. Everything happened so quickly." One witness, Mr Maurice Covey, was leaving his house when the crash happened. He said : " The nose of the plane hit the top of the car. The noise was just like a giant tin can being hit. "The roof was ripped completely off and it was dragged into the field. The car burst into flames and the bodies were strewn across the field. I ran across but there was nothing 1 could do. All the people in the car were already dead." Mrs Josiane Clemaron, wife of a restaurant owner who lives near the scene, said : " I was driving along and I saw the plane coming over very low. The plane was on an angle when I saw it and I am told it just seemed to fall on the car, although I didn't see that happen . "One of my waiters who went down saw people climbing out of the plane which was in a held and Ji was toia tne people in the car were dead. I couldn't understand whv the plane was going so low. It just fell on the car and the people in it couldn't have stood a chance." Hawker Siddeley said a full Inquiry, would be held. Inspectors from the Board of Trade will examine the wreckage today to determine whether the bird strike was the only cause of the disaster. Mr David Bainbridge, chief public relations officer of the company, stated later that at the moment of impact the plane would have been travelling at about 90 mph. The birds, probably seagulls or lapwings, were sucked into the two engines. "When this happens, the engines surge to try and digest the birds but if they are heavy the jet flames are cut out and blades - are broken." On other pages Arts 12 X-words 22 & 27 Finance -.17-19 Home,... 6 & 8 Leaders 14 Letters 14 Overseas ... 2.5 Parliament ... 9 Sport 26 & 27 Thefetrea ... 10 Women 11 Classified aAnrtsing 22 ERA'S END : Prince Franco's legacy a When Franco and bis tenacious doctors finally gave up at half past four this morn-ins after 34 days of struggle against death it was not after all an anti-climax. Franco's last night was dramatic, and with in-five hours of his death he managed a last political stand in the form of a crudely typed "farewell message " to the Spanish Deonle in which he offered. uncharacteristically, to forgive his enemies and asked them to forgive him. The Prime Minister, Sefior Arias, cried on television as he read out Franco's message this morning. Some people in Madrid cried too. "I have never known anyone else as chief," said a girl bank clerk. "Now we must have democracy and I hope it will work out. But it all seemed strange and dangerous." The doctors admitted yesterday that after the latest onset of stomach bleeding and heart failure they had given up and would at last let nature take its course. Franco survived Reagan in gun scare SECRET SERVICE agents in Miami yesterday detained a college student, Michael Lance Carvin, 20, after he pointed a toy gn at the Republican presidential contender, Ronald Reagan. Four agents leaped at Carvin, knocked him to the ground, and dragged him through a clump of bushes to a motel for questioning. He is to be charged with assaulting a federal officer and possibly with other offences. Picture, and Reagan breaks the ice, page 2; California split, page 15. Shares inquiry THE STOCK EXCHANGE is to extend its Investigations into dealings in the shares of Slater Walker to cover a series of share sales by nominee companies controlled by Slater Walker employees. Details of these share sales were. disclosed in the Guardian yesterday. Report, page 17 Rough for Gough AN AUSTRALIAN solicitor said yesterday that eight summonses were issued in a New South Wales country court ordering former Prime Minister Gough Whitlam and three of his ex-Ministers to appear in court on December 8 over alleged irregularities in seeking overseas loans. Verdict cheered TEENAGERS applauded in Edinburgh sheriff court when Les McKeown, lead singer of the Bay City Rollers, was cleared of causing the death of a 74-year-old woman by dangerous driving. On a charge of dangerous driving, Mr McKeown was found 150 and banned from driving for a' year. Report, back page Juan Carlos and Princess Sofia stand beside the body of General Franco as it lies in state at the Prado Palace. s From WALTER SCHWARZ, Madrid, November 20 another 15 hours or so on his own his emaciated body wracked by seven ailments. Parkinson's disease, heart trouble, stomach ulcers, inflammation of the Intestinal lining, kidney failure, blood clots in his thigh, and post operational poisoning. Thirty days of mourning have been proclaimed, and well before ' noon black ties were sprouting around the town. Schoolchildren can thank the Caiudillo for a last gift two days of holiday. And Saturday has been proclaimed a day of complete non-activity. But the rumbling of the coming battle over the political future of Spain can already be heard. World reaction to Franco's death was generally muted, but in London 40 Labour MPs sent a message to the Prime Miruister telling him they did not want any representatives of the British Government to attend Franco's funeral. Earlier the Government had announced that Lord Shepherd, Leader of Communists protest in Lisbon The ' Communists mounted a huge demonstration outside the Presidential Palace today after the administration of the Prime Minister, Admiral Azevedo, refused to continue in office without guarantees of military protection which' it demanded from the President and titular head of the armed forces, General Costa Gomes. The Cabinet met throughout the night before announcing at 4 am that the Sixth Provisional Government had suspended itself. A brief statement said that Ministers would return to work only when the " indispensable conditions" for government (is a guarantee of physical safety) were present. The Government's retreat into political limbo, from which there is unlikely to be any return, follows a prolonged political crisis that came to a head last week when building workers besieged ministers in Parliament for 36 hours. The Portuguese Communist Slap A CHEERING story this morning for all victims of package holidays that went wrong. The leaders of Britain's travel trade went to Mexico last week, with everything arranged by their own organisation, and it happened to them. Certain members of the 30-strong party are every bit as livid about it as your average paying passenger. Threats of legal action and claims for compensation were said last night to be still echoing down the corridors' of the Association of British Travel Agents. The fine details of the trip are a little obscure sine: the association, and even the complainants themselves, the House of Lords, would represent Britain. Madrid was calm. Offices were closed but shops were open in the evening, with few customers. Pop music was banned from the media and it was odd to hear a Bach concerto coming out of a taxi radio. The television and newspapers carried biographies of Franco which showed all the signs of long preparation. There was no demonstration. The planned march by the Fascist Right, with arm bands World reaction 2 Obituary 4 Leader 14 Richard Gott 15 Labour row back warning the Palace that "Franco lives. Long live the King," has still to take place even though there was a good excuse as Franco's death has coincided to the day with the anniversary of the death From JAMES MacMANUS, Lisbon, November 20 Party leader, Alvaro Cunhal, broke off an East European tour to return to Lisbon tonight. The city has been gripped by rumours and revolutionary fervour generated by huge Communist rallies which were still under way tonight. Only hours after the Government announcement, the Communist party had planned and announced a rally which closed most businesses in Lisbon and brought tens of thousands of workers to the Presidential Palace at Belem on the outskirts of the capital this afternoon. The demonstration, one of the largest yet seen in Lisbon, demanded the formal dismissal of the Government and the restitution of the former Prime Minister, General Vasco Gon-calves. Headlines in the city's si: evening papers accused the Prime Minister of treachery in the face for By PHILIP realising the implications of publicity, are maintaining an embarrassed, if rather hurt, silence. But it appears to have had all the usual ingredients of a sunshine package disaster, with at least three couples cutting short the trip and storming off to Florida when their wives became ill. Unfinished, "squalid" hotel accommodation, changed itineraries, and missing excursion tours were all experienced, according to the trade magazine. Travel Trade Gazette. The magazine said that some prominent delegates were reported to be demanding their money back. An unidentified London' agent who is demanding a refund Half jobs after By ADAM and At least half of Chrysler's British workforce of 27,000 is likely to be made redundant because of the Government's reluctance to stage a 100 millions rescue of the stricken car manufacturer. Chrysler's chief executive, Mr John Riccardo, is expected back next week for a final showdown with Mr Varley, Secretary for Industry, but negotiations yesterday focused on how to phase redundancies over a period, and on what can be salvaged from the Chrysler empire. The fading fortunes of the car industry were made worse yesterday by another damaging strike at British Leyland, promised 2,800 millions of State aid in a major reorganisation seven months ago. Lord Ryder, chairman of the National Enterprise Board, who produced the rescue plan battle of Jose Antonio, founder of the Falange. The Fascist march, proclaiming the insistence of the Right that Franco's death must not open the floodgates of perilous rVinnao will nrnhahlv take place on Sunday, the day of the funeral. Franco's death ended a survival saga that was futuristic in its technique yet made both medical and political history. Its logical end had seemed to be indefinite hibernation a technique which was indeed started this week when as a last effort to restrain internal bleeding the patient's temperature was reduced to 33deg. Centigrade. This technique seemed to open interesting political possibilities, hut in the end the doctors' macabre obstinacy had started open controversy among members of Franco's family, the wider Establishment, and even the controlled press. Now Franco's death unblocks the political log jam of the last four weeks, during which Prince Juan Carlos has been Turn to back page, col. 2 and said that by going on strike his Government has forfeited all claim to run the country. Although the President was not in the palace, the aim of the demonstration was to ensure that he made no concessions to the Government. General Costa Gomes confined himself to a remarkable understatement when his spokesman said this morning that the Government action had been tantamount to resignation. The President has already made it clear to the Cabinet that he is unable to order military intervention to guarantee the sanctity of Parliament during any future demonstration. However, the Prime Minister, along with his Socialist and independent colleagues, is demanding more than just a guarantee of military protection against mob rule. He is also insisting on a purge of the army's radical leadership. JORDAN claimed that the hotel he was given was still full of builders who "used the corridor outside the bedroom as a urinal.' The Mexican-prepared tour leaflet advertised, among other things, a day trip to the Mayan pyramids. But this was cancelled at the last moment. The brochures were approved by ABTA. Meals and transfer trips were not included and delegates said that they were made to " feel like beggars" in obtaining accommodation. One man said : " In 40 years in the travel industry I have never seen such an open-and-shut case for compensation." Bitter formal complaints had been forwarded to ABTA's headquar Chrysler will salvage RAPHAEL, PETER HILLMORE, GEOFFREY WHITELEY warned Leyland workers that he could not guarantee money for the firm " unless there was a dramatic increase in productivity. " ' In an interview with a London newspaper he said that when he meets union officials, management, and workers at Leyland next month, "I shall address that mectnig personally, and the message for the future is clear. All this unofficial strike hooha has to come to an end before any further money is poured into British Leyland." Mr Varley 's tough attitude to Chrysler has not pleased a powerful group within the Cabinet, led by Mr Foot, Mr Benn, and Mr Wiiliam Ross, it is understood. But Mr Varley 's hand has been forced by Chrysler 's blundering tactics, and the grim reports of the belect Committee on the Motor Industry and the Central Policy Review Staff (the think tank), which forecast massive overcapacity and over-manning. If Chrysler does carry out its threat to put its British subsidiary into liquidation the Government might buy some of its assets at a knock-down cost, according to informed sources last night. The Government is determined, in particular, to preserve Chrysler's Iranian contract. The loss - making Linwood plant is regarded as a desperate problem but it may be possible to attract alternative industry to this company town. Dental charges cut By our Social Services Correspondent The maximum charge for a course of dental treatment under the Health Service is to be reduced from 10 to 3.50. However, when dentures ai-e supplied as part of the treatment, patients will have to pay up to 12. The new rates, which will apply from January 1, were announced yesterday by Mrs Castle, the Social Services Secretary. New charges will bring an extra 16 millions a year to the NHS from patients needing dental treatment and spectacles. The rescaling of charges will mean that less extensive treatment at dentists will cost rather more, but at the same time exemption for those on low incomes will be extended. The leader of the centre PPD party today demanded the dismissal of a number of his own officers. He did not name them but they are known to include General Utelo carvaiho, head of the Copcon internal security forces, General Carlos Fabiao, Army Chief of Staff, L.id General Costa Gomes himself. The Government apparently agreed that these men have conspired to prevent the administration from working. In a mysterious radio broad cast which was transmitted once and without any prior notice, the Prime Minister was reported to have become apo nlentic when " discussing General Carvalho's role in the crisis. - The General, whose hazy poli tical views stem from an ill-rlefincd position on the far Left, has recently been under strong pressure to resign ay moderate military officers and Turn to back page, col. 8 VIFs ters by delegates who went on the holiday to relax after their annual convention in Miami. Mr Alf Rowe, of ABTA's retail agents council, who runs Victor Travel, Enfield, quit the week-long holiday with his wife and returned to Florida rather than face further trouble. Last night, Mr Rowe said that he did not want to go into the details of the trip. Mr Rowe said: "It was not a particularly nice thing to happen,' but he did not elaborate. The Mexican National Tourist Council's representative in London, Miss Mona King, said that so far only one formal complaint had been received. go The Government has already paid 265 millions to British Leyland and another 550 millions of the total investment will be needed in the next three years. Lord Ryder has made it clear that the National Enterprise Board does not want to act as the machinery for baling out a succession of lame ducks, Lord Ryder has called a crisis conterence of .Leyiana woreers. and management for next month. About 200 senior management representatives, union officials, and shop stewards are expected to attend, to hear Lord Ryder spell out the need for better productivity and fewer strikes. Tt is clear that he intends to tell the meeting bluntly that the State funds, which will average about 1 million a day between 1975 and 1982, must not be wasted by poor work performance and unofficial strikes. The announcement of the meeting came at a bad moment for British Leyland where a highly disruptive unofficial strike by 230 workers at its car body factory in Castle Brom-wich, Birmingham, has stopped all production of Jaguar cars in Coventry and is disrupting production of Minis at the Longbridge assembly plant in Birmingham. More than 4,000 workers are idle at factories In Birmingham and Coventry because of the dispute and the disruption of Jaguar production alone is costing more than 500,000 a day. There is also to be an investigation by the Price Commission into the cost of spectacles and contact lenses supplied privately. From January, the health service will provide children with the same plastic frames as are available to adults, and contact lenses from hospital eye departments for children who need them. There is to be a standard charge of 2.25. for each single-vision lens : at present the cost varies from 1.20 to 3.20. The new charge per lens for bifocals will be 4.25 ahd 5, compared with 2.45 and 3.50 This will mean an increase of about 2 or 3 for spectacles with simple lenses. off a swallows Bdds pride. BELLS "MILLERS SCOTU"'" ARTHUR BELL & SONS LTD., INDEPENDENT Companies left i .' ' " I , m. uoitH -.Him Senior doctors get tough By John Cunningham A move to persuade consultants to treat emergency cases only from December 1, as a protest against the Government's plans to end private practice within the health service is being urged by militant members of the British Medical Association. A call for resignations by senior hospital doctors, as part of the same campaign to preserve pay-beds, is being made by the smaller professional group the Hospital Consultants and Specialists ' Association. Both these suggested courses could harden into firm tactics when the two groups, representing 12,000 consultants, have meetings in London next week. The possibility of endless further trouble in the hospitals is in reaction to the commitment in the Queen's Speech to go ahead with legislation to get rid of pay-beds. Last night, Mrs Castle said the consultant's intention was "a strike against the British House of Commons. " "I find it unique in the history of strikes in Britain that we should be threatened about a piece of legislation to go before Parliament before Parliament has even seen that legislation." Mrs Castle added. The consultants have so far not taken up her offer of talks on the consultative document which contains plans for the continuance of private medicine outside the NHS. The implication Is clearly that the issue is not negotiable. The threats, so far as the consultants are concerned, will be withdrawn only if the Government changes its mind and agrees to refer the private practice issue to the Commission on the Health Service, a request refused several times by Mr Wilson and Mrs Castle. Mr Anthony Grabham, chairman of the consultants' committee of the BMA, said he thought the action plan would be overwhelmingly supported by a united profession at meetings next week. After three hours of talks with Mrs Castle and Mr Foot, the Secretary for Employment, the junior doctors who are also threatening to see emergency cases only from next week, were asked to send Mrs Castle details of their estimate of the basis for new overtime rates. In the meeting they were told firmly by Mr Foot that the pay policy was at stake and could not be breached. Part of the doctors' demand for better overtime rates in their new contracts rests on the argument that up to 25 per cent o" juniors do not at the moment claim for extra hours worked. Mr Foot pointed out that the profession's . pay review group had taken account of this. it's BELL'S Estd. 1825 One Of the few in the Scotch Whisky Industry V

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