The New York Times from New York, New York on September 8, 1870 · Page 4
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The New York Times from New York, New York · Page 4

New York, New York
Issue Date:
Thursday, September 8, 1870
Page 4
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gfrfo-fforR ghreg, garsbag, Stptemlrtr 8, 1870. je Ucio gflih Kitties. JiKW-YORK. TUU2SDAY. EEPT. 8, 1870. " lBramiii sarte BfiOTH-S TH KATRi . ilMT.anernitk nil yaw wiskLx. iMti( duiMHn r Hfanra. J-tl JcSaraoa. fi&or.dan, AtdnN aa Alias Mat 7 WalU. 3TTBTW 0RD'T. Bioeti tMwM Prtnor mod Haoaana ana. Jt.' LI Uh c.FmA K. LedfOB cbarartare by at rv i. Kewenwu-t, F.rret, Mark emiw, turn Mn aod Iuml PoauaL OI.TMPIC THIATRl f-mtdway. Mar Blpaker-et. LITTLB t Al'BT, tabling atiarartere tor Meeera. fleers I. Fox. M. T. Allan, Mra. J. A- Galea aad MJaa lUnaa Taj lac. ViLLACKV THEATRE. Broadway, earner Uta-eA, OVB rOCHl.N UKkUAK. Leading eherartere by Mnm J.t-r b K. Kaaxii. KlarruM, LaoMTd, hUae Kmutr Maatatcx, MJee JaXWlaa. Mia Fewlac. GRAND OPIK4-HOD1K. WbJT., witmi 2d-at fJRir.LTjL. THE DkHON OK THE NIGHT, tending rharar toe ay Mm Kathi I annor. AHEBICA.f lTftfTITtTTK FAIR. , toraec awt-al AHIr AT. EXHIBITION OF TUI AatrBJCAW IMaTITUTK. WOOD'S MC8EUM AlfD MFTWAOEBIE. Bmadway, corner ath-et. TWIXTAX ANDCaOWH. Leading character by Mia. tx.o.4. bldduua. BAX rBABriWO HIN9TRKLS. o. tub Kntdvir. WFXir.O JIHTRtI4T. UANCES AJfD COMI-CAlUTIi-S. I rraM af tate Rrw.rark Tbaaea. MAIL MitatCIUUBBA. TM Dsn T TIMFS, per annam, including IM Sue-oar kdtuon $13 Ila Daily lam, per annum. exelualTaof lae Handay KdjUon lO TLe randay Kditloa, par annam 1 L bu-Wksalt. per annum 3 Tw eoptea. aoe year 1 an coptee, tot year - A aatra eopy to geller-ap of eiab, and a aptee- dwt ateat enslaving et aba lata Haasr J. Kai- Hiiin. ft w btklv TmM, par aannm. 9 Irlve eoptea, one year 1 aa loyma. ooa year I Am -rtn eopy 10 g euer-ap of elub, and a sptea. Md steal cnBxavia el Lb lata Uaau( J. hai- atonn. 1 wenty copies one year 33 A a rib ropy to getter-tip of dob, ant enplea-Jil eteul eugTATlng ol the lata 11 AX a T J. Hai- Hih Tbe Knropaaa Kdltlon. par man, postage extra 3 too been puona to ritba ol oar edi stone received tor a lent leacth of uaa than ooa year at tba yearly rata. 1 ba HatukWet-aly and WaaAiy tuaitad to dargymaa kl Ut hiweatciab fattia. AdtUUona Baar ba aaadd to eloba at club rataa. TlM-ae pnrea are tnvarlabi. Wt hTe do trTlin rnU. It r rait ta draftaon Mew-York or Poat Offloa Moory Oidara It poaibie, and wbara nrttber o toeaa caa tm nnnui'd tend tha money In a rtyUtarad leliar H. J. KATMOND A CX TIM OlOce. Maw-Tork. a AMrrrliaera. AdTrttara rn tbei Times aura reqneated to brlnif ta tbear DuUoea at aa early an boar in aba day a poaal. tjfav if rrrvrd attaratt o'cioca. It wMJ ba maptwaiUa la r laM 1 y tbam a-drr Uietr proper baatMv r For the aceonimodation ol np-ttrwTi raaldenta, aoveruaenwuta br toaarttun u tea Tuua wlU ba ra-OMTcd at, Ko. M Waat XM-at., laueMon ol Broad-way rd ehb-a,T and at o- u Kast lHtb-at., betwMtt Broadway and nlMfH at aaaM rataa Mat eliara'ad at otnaa ol publication Vf Mtwirn. DByxKL, HabJKS A Co.. Bankara, Ho. 3 Rua Nnlw, Paru. rr tlia nouraditad ausU Utt Uie Maw-YuaiL Timbs in taat city. ixoficr. We ranort notic aoonynioua eommtuitcadonB. In 1 11 rtsu u we lmnire Um wnWt nam and aUnw, bet lor Jul Ik tnoi, Lul ptiiTuHtervt ftuad QUIA. V li, i i ri ttim irjrctcd r4jniTnuiiloiiUouA nor rve aiaiiUMtipla, uiileaa epacuuly reaaaaed aa to MAYS OF THK DAY. THE WAR. Our TaiU correaiioodcut telegraphs that the plan of tUe rrnaalana la to adraoce la two . aeclloua; one by Me I una aud KuotAli.rbleaa, to Vrrtutllipa, anil toe other by, Laon to St. Deula Too luttrr forte will niako an attack on Mont-martrr. but th iimwh attack will Im on tbo otlirr aid. J'ha ruriujr ocoujylDa: Vertalilca will ad TtniM to Mruduu, and. torttoa to tbo bilbU of CI am art, and will tlirow up cartbworka and plant buttrrtr ajrnlunt Koit d'laaay and opnn fire on Vausiruid. A aiDgular rrport ap-Irnarad In tbo Taria Journal U Soir, yeatrrday, which la notrd in a apeclal from our Tarta cor-reapondf nt. It la, that durinjr the lotryiw between tic Kmc and the Emperor, the former brbaTed uke a brutr, and but. for the Intervention of tbo Crown Prince and Biomakck, would nare bad XAroLt-ox abot. It waa rrported In I'aria, ynnterday morning;, and afterward ronflrtned. that the Prnanlan adtnee waa near Suiaaona, wbicb la situated on the left bank of the A bine, and Waa rapidly enarrlunx toward tbo city; and later that tbo bead of the column kail baited, apparently at Laon and Epernar. the former of which la eer-ulj-fonr mi lea nortb-eaat from Paris, and tbo latter nineteen milea weet-nortb-wrat of Cbav-looa. Jull Favrb boa laued a circular declaring that tbe war tnuat couttnue, for Prance) cannot yutM one foul of aoll or a atone of a fortreaa; that tlxi people are undlatvayetl, and that Parla will Im defpiidcd to the laat. The circular ooo-. olaOnai "lt Kurope know that tbe Miniatrr - nave no oibr aitu or auiblilon tkaupeauai but war prorlnc ItiryitaMe, wa will continue the trua-Kl. uobflunit in the ttlumph of JuatU'." Tun Kepuhllo la accepted Joyfully bf evrrr Freni'li city and town heard from. In IUa the proclaniation of tbo Bepublie baa canned profound aeuaatlon, and arrcta are being conatantly mmle of auproed couaptratora. Tbe London Ttwr devlarea that the Ke public will peneb If Praat-e uow rrfiuea to treat for peace. Oen. Wimi rrtik'a addresa to hie aoldiera, ex-plalMinK bia eonrae at Pedsn, la tnren In full in our diapatcbes. He tella tbein that, after they had fooght fTallantly and deeperately from day break to dark a rastlr aupeiior force, and had been obliged to retreat on Sedan. It waa found tbat thoy were worn and exhausted, and that all tbeir auppllea, both of food and ammunition, were irone ; tteietore be aaw tbat there waa bat one thinu to be done to prevent tbelr ntter anni-hilutlou to treat with the euemy. Thia waa . done; aod after two attempts eondltiona were obtaviiiod by which, be an), they were saved Mluut'Hof tho tuaailile antmylntf and Inanltin fomiitlitlcs whUU the uaaitee of war generally tenpo." It luirt'iirtd tlat i,s of McM Alton's army are at Me f !, tinrt '.n.'W I et ween Vimrleisand l.e Ctut- 1'i't ul' ux. l'L- Uiiiitmr lnirtit of Lus mi il. A'i Ri'iriisu correspondent re-MrU that 'he maitUou at Moti la staurvlatf. CKSKRAL. Tho Kepnlilican Convention of thia State anenibled at ioratnea. yesterday, aud effected tta organization. U Roto a William Cditw waa ehoaen temporary aed Oca. Vax Wtck pertna-nent ChiUnuan. Addreesea of coualderable lena-tb were mado by both these jcenUemeo. Attor the organization waa completed and tbe coruuirttees appointed, the Oeleiratf s proceeded r to tho nomlsaiiun of Oovtmor, and on the third ballot Srtwiii UffaoiiroKO receirs J tbe uooi-aaatloo. which'waa made uaanlmoua. The aonnat meeting of the National Rifle Cult waa held at pnnt!eld. Maaa., yeaterday. The cold medal for tbe beet ebootlQf w-aa won by W. W, Wiwous, of that city. Tho White Stocking Baae-ball Club of Chicaf boat the Xted etochiuxa ( ClaclnaatV ; yeaterday. by a arore of 10 to a. .... Sir Edwakx TuoKNfxia left Quebec, for . - . VaahlBgtda, yesterday. Geo. CokO, of the inaarseat force in Cab. !lVla reOMrted to haro aurtvadeied. : . . : . - I ' The latest aUTicxa from Venecnela repre- ' .i - aaat the prospecla to ho favorahle for peaee. yearly the whole RcpnbUe bow ackaowleda-ea y e elalme at Buaikx. : Frru Parkxb, ooo of tbo wealthiest eiti-"V 'aeoa of Beaton, died yesterday. J x , i ;Ur Ura. John Ajoams, of Waahincton, a J -dntb tcr-n-U w of Jon Qriurr ADama. died at . hw Whuo aiowatAina. oa tbe Slat Ml V, need atz ty V "'Tearw. ?, ' ; irj. ' -' Tba contract providing; for "tbo wnioo of ' HaiLfordandXcw-naten and Xsw-Torkawd t nha-Hii Rallroada was rarlned yeatarday. " V---8TBVBSV tho FraxkJin (X.HJ mardcrer. . . was ewaa saUted lot trial at Ceneord. yeaterday. , ... ? Tho New-nctaad Fair, at Afaoeheator. N. : 1 V CT ' mm -m1 - Jt waa Urceiy attended, yaeterday. Tbero ware tawhuob Ua oret ruoaa wfteMqj&R tbo OJutrlocn wow reapeetlTety by K. H. M cEkwwKT'a JTerfaa Oarf, Davu BlOUTl Ttmrng. and WttXlAal B. Biiti'i TAewtM Jrffmom and Ford DfUr. the laat raee be Id a; for doable teama. Dolegatoa to tho IaborBoform Convention at Woreeaier. Maae becaa to gather yeaterday, aod it la thought they win pronounce ta favor of Vdmu. Pnmxxra for Governor. Half a million of dollars have been left by tbo late Joaut BiMMOas, of Boston, to found a teaaale aemlnary. Tbomas Bank waa eommittexi for trial la Boatoa, yeaterday, charged with tho murder of TBOMA BAtMOA. Tbo jewelry -a tore of Meson. Fat A. OLAABoa, of Boaton. waa entered on Tneaday ala-ht, and robbed of tliOO worth of property. The annual election of the Southern Central Ballroad waa held yeaterday. The old Board of Directors waa re-elected. Job H. Chbdbu. waa ehoaen Preaident. JoRif J. Tat-Loa. Tloe-Prealdent. Wm. H. Scwabd, Jr., Treaaorer, and Hombk W. Lockwood, Beere-tary. A dry (rood store at Vermilion, Ohio, waa borsed yeaterday. In volTtng a loan of A new achool-bouae at Brain tree, Maaa-, valued at 933,000, waa burned yeaterdav. Tho icehouse of tho New-York Ice Company at Cats kill Point were destroyed by fire yesterday afternoon. Tbe fortieth annual Fair of the American Institute opened at tbe Empire Rink, on Third-avenue, yeaterday. Addreams were made by lion. Bosacs Gkeblky and Dr. Qaoaos B. Loumo. Tbe gold market was yery qnlet. roster-day, tbe fluotoationa of the day ranging between 1HX and 114H. and the tranaaetlona being very light. The clearances at tbe Gold Exchange Bank for tbe paat three days will show tbat baalnena la falling off. On the 6th tbe clearances were tt54,M.000 ; on tbe 6th, $10713.000 ; on the Tth, Kr: ,060.000. At a meeting of the Board of Education, yeaterday, it was announced that the Broadway Bank had agreed to pay the Board the aunt disbursed by the Bank on a forged warrant, amounting to 917.000. with tl.SM S3 Interest. The second and third prisea for deslgna for a normal college were conferred on Mr. 0'eiix and the dealfner of the plan signed " Progress." Mr. Ward gave notice of his latent! on to revive tbe corporal punishment question at' tbe next meeting of the Boaid. Testimony was produced before Commissioner Shields, yesterday, in tbe case of David LlBkaiKO, charged with bavin g counterfeit money in hla possession, with tbe intention of showing that toe spurious notes seised at tbe pnaoner'a residence were left there without hi a knowledge. The case was adjourned for further hearing. Tho Caaveatiea at Saratoga-. The Convention at Saratoga did a good day's work yesterday. The speech of Mr. G. W. CtiRTlS was a temperate and able review of the chief grounds upon which the Republican Party bases its appeal for public support. Mr. Curtis indulged in no useless flights of rhetoric, bat reviewed in a rapid andpractical form the work already done by the party, and called attention to the great security as regards the future which tbe people would have in restoring that party to power in the State. The opportu nity is indeed a great one. The laittz- fairt school of politicians must have had al most enough of consigning their inten-sU to the faithless bands of the Democrats Extravagance almost without a parallel and uiisgovernment which has become i scandal to the whole country sileinontlized Legislature, and a great commercial city httuded over to adventurers and the lawless classes these are the most obvious results of Democratic rule. If the public are tired of all this, now is their time to show it If they are ashamed of such abases of authority as those which Gov. Hoffman hss more than once been led into notably in connection with the Erie Railroad now is their time to interfere. The great issue they have to decide is between bad government, which the Democrats have given them, and good government, such as tbe Republicans would unquestionably introduce. There is enough in such su issue to rouse the most apathftic to an honest and earnest use of their political privileges. Mr. Cum is laid great stress upon tbe fact tbat one source of our strength with tbepoo- plo cotmUta in the simultaneous reduction of the debt and the taxes. Those two measures have been carried on baud in hand, and consequently every discouragement inflicted upon the Republicsn Tarty would be a blow to the vital interests of the people. Tote for the Democrats and you vote for keeping up high taxes, and indefinitely postponing the liquidation of the national debt. If people do not understand this now. and withhold their support from the Republicans in consequence, they will have their eyes opened to the truth in an exceedingly unpleasant manner by and by. Mr. Van Wtck, in an animated address, recapitulated many other reasons why every patriotic citizen should support the Republicans at this crisis. We recommend waverera to read tbe speeches of Mr. Cuma and Mr. Vax Wyck, and Judge fur themselves whether so good a claim fur their support can be wade out on lbs other side. There had been much talk before the Con vention met of placing the name of. Mr. IIokack Gbexlxt at the head of the ticket. Had that been done, we should have held that the imperative duty of every sincere Republican was to work faithfully and unceasingly for the success of the ticket as it stood. We ventured some ten daja ago to insist that it was incumbent upon, us all to waive minor personal differences or prejudices, whatever they might be, and labor heartily for what we believe to be the good old cause." The party is of greater importance than persons. Senator Cojfktixa gave the best poesibls proof yesterday that he holds the same opinion, by publicly "burying the hatchet with Senator Fkxtox. The Convention, however, did not nominate Mr. Grkkxxt. Its choice fell upon Gen. Stewart L Woodford a name to which, we hope,, all Jlepublicane will rally. Gen. Woodford is exceedingly popular witn the soldiers; he has served with honor as Lieutenant-Govern or of the State, and he ia universally recognized as one of tbe most promising of ail the younger school j of Republicans. Ha Is a faithful adherent of the party let us all work faithfully fox him. Hs is aa honest man, and therefore other honest bmb ought to vote for him. Ho has been a hard-working ixiaa himself, and com-prahends the duties) of society and government toward other working men. , We earnestly wish him success, and we shall be mach mistaken if every man who feels a pride la ejblica party does not resolve to elect him. In spite of all tbe exertions of our political antagonists. Tata rrtwtk Araay Mat stea tSerwMie. 1 Whether It be true or not that JcrxsrAVRa-is going to propose, aa the basis of a treaty of peace, the disbandasent of the French Army, it must be admitted that any French statesman who nooks forward to tbe permanent establishment of republican institutions in France, must be either very bold or very sanguine. The two Republics which the French have set up, in their time, have fallen victims and without mnch difficultyto the ambition of Generals, and the habits of passive obedience of the troops; and although circumstances are somewhat more favorable now than they were on tbe two former occasions, tbey have sufficient resemblance to make it impossible to look at the trial of a fresh experiment wUhout anxiety. - That standing armies are dangeroas to popular Governments, is one of the commonplaces of political discussion; but they are peculiarly dangerous in France, for several reasons. Tbe whole French people have, in the first place, through long familiarity with arbitrary rule, far more respect for " authority " than for law, and rarely take the trouble to raise the question of right with anybody wearing an official garb, and able to back up his commands with force. There is no country in the world in which ie facto Governments are accepted with such alacrity. The dangers of -this habit 'of mind are aggravated by that other habit of mind which leads the provinces always to submit, as a matter of course, to any government which succeeds in setting itself up in Paris. The reins of authority being thus concentrated in the capital, the temptation which offers itself to anybody who commands the army in the capital to seize them, becomes almost irresistible. He knows the overthrow of the Government will be only an hour's work. One rush of the troops, and all is over, and ho will find himself master of France. He has not to dread, what revolutionists in most other countries have to dread, and what keeps even very unscrupulous men in other countries in check a prolonged civil war. There is one other peculiarity of the popu lar mind in France which helps military conspirators powerfully, and that is the striking reverence of all classes for military rank. In the eyes of the peasantry and working classes in the towns, social distinc tions may be said to be completely wiped out. The bourgeois is recognized as a better dressed and richer man than the ouvrier, but not a man to be respected on that ac count. Dukes, Counts, and Marquises, the present generation of Frenchmen know and care nothing about. They are, in the popular eye. titlts with which rich men amuse themselves, but to the fnoAsoa they convey no meaning, and, indeed, tn France have no meaning. Hut military grades everybody understands and reverences. To tbe rustic mind, for instance, there is rothini? greater than a General. This ia real distinction. Implying real power and social weight. A General order has, in tbe eyes of most Frenchmen, a force and authority which they cannot, for the life of them, attach to the act of a Legis lature, or the clauses of a constitution. Now these defects of the national mind -are things of which anybody who goes to work to set up a Republic in France has to take count, but of which French Republicans hitherto have not taken count. Both after the Revolution of 17V1, and that of 184. the army was kept, fostered and flattered in tho old style, and the whole ma chinery of government left within easy reach of the commander of an enormous force quartered in Paris thotigli all knew verr well that both in his eyes, and in the eyes of the soldiery, legislators who debate before deciding, are simply so many idle, and rather ridiculous talkers, and that the government of a regiment is really the model on which the aflairs of a State should be conducted. The result, and not unnatural result, was tbat in both cases tbe General in command of the troops cleared out the Legislature, and put an end to the Republic without the slightest hesitation, as soon aa he had got tired of them and saw that anything could be gained by it. If anybody says that this cannot happen again if the standing army is left in existence and concentrated in great masses in the capital, and if the com mand of it ia left in the hands of one person, aa it must be in practice, whether or no in theory, he must baae his opinion on something else than the observed facts of French history or of French character. The only safety for popular government In France would seem to be the abolition of the standing army as it now exists, the committal of the keeping of the peace and aafety of Paris to the National Guard, and tbe adoption in the country districts, for purposes of national defense, of a modification of the Prussian system ; that is to say, while maintaining a body of highly-trained officers, and perhaps keeping, the artillery and cavalry constantly under anna, or corps which cannot be called out suddenly trust ing to militia, each regiment raised in a particular district, for the infantry. Such a force, it ia now clear, might be made a very effective weapon of defense or offense, while it would not, and could not, be made what the French Army now is a standing menace to republican institutions. We have little doubt that moat careful observers of French affairs will be disposed to Judge of the chance of success of the xew republican experiment by the amount of boldness shown by the lead era in dealing, after the present war fa over, .with the military, problem, which is in reality the great problem of French politics. The Republicans have hitherto shown themselves Just as much afraid to touch the army, and lust as ready to flatter and caress it," as the Bonapartista, or Legitimists, or Orleanista. All parties have acted aa it they believed and the worst of it, we fear, la that all parties ar believed that unless the army waa very large, and very mnch petted. France - could : not be - a great nation." Whether a Republic can be founded under the influence of such ideas, is a problem still to be solved. If the new Government gets rid of these ideas, it will do more for Fran oe than any of its pre-decessora. It will turn toward science and industry the great current of genius and of devotion, which has for so many genera tiona flowed toward military aflairs exclusively, and in this way alone enormously increase the resources of tbe country. Bat more than all. it will accustom the French mind to the idea of law as something above bayonets. and. better than bayonets, not heeding bay onets ; and to the -distinction. a proper ap preciation of which lies at the very basis of constitutional government. between legal and d facto authority. Very few French men now see it. Owe Iatcraa Cat During the last session of tbe Legislature, a scheme was adopted for funding the exist ing canal debt for twelve years, and for pay ing the same during that time by the appli cation of moneys received from tolls. It was clearly demonstrated that with a mnch lower rate of tolls than was then imposed the debt could be entirely liquidated within the time above named, and when that was accomplished, it was proposed to make the canals practically free. By the Constitution it was necessary that this scheme should be submitted to the people at the general elec tion in November. In addition to the above legislation, tbe Canal Board reduced the previously-existing toll-sheet about one-half, whereat those in terested in canal transportation were nat urally elated. They had great anticipations of a large business. But astbe weeks passed, they discovered that the diversion of business to other routes was not checked, and that the volume of our canal trade was even less than in previous years. Thereupon tho same men who had warmly advocated the funding scheme of latt Winter, became im patient, and began to disonss the policy of making the canal debt a general charge upon the State Treasury thus rendering the canal free at once. In the western part of the State, this discussion is now going on, regardless of tho pending funding proposition. Recently another scheme has been revived, which is to call upon tho General Government to pay ofL the State debt of ten mil lions, to enlarge the canals to double their present capacity, and then to abolish all tolls in excess of actual cost of maintenance and repair. The proposition is by no means a new one, it having been before Congress in various forms for several years. It is now asserted, however, by its special cham pious, that if the consent of the State can le obtained, an act can be passed through Congress during the next session carrying the plan into effect. We 'doubt if Congress could be induced to impose a new burden of ten millions upon the Federal Treasury for such a puriHo; but even if it is doubtful if it would be good policy for the State to accept the proposition At all eveats it is desirable to carry into effect the pkin adopted last Winter, and to give it a fair trial, before accepting any new device. Undoubtedly the falling off in our internal traffic has been largely owing to unusual circumstances which have at tended the business of the present season, and which tnother year will rectify. A great commercial problem, like the one we are considering, requires steadiness of policy in order to achieve success, and for tbat reason, if for no other, we should be averse from entering upon any new experi ments nntil Die oue already agreed upon has been fairly tried. Why act Hecearaize tbe Preach Br, awhile r The telegrnph has made two or three inri dental references to a dispatch addressed by; M. Jri.K l'ATttr, In behalf of the Republic of France, to the Government of the United States. an answer to which is aaidto be anxiously expected. Tbe purport of the message seems to have been an informal solicitation of sympathy, and of the moral sapport whick sympathy implies, on the part of this country toward the new-born Republic of Europe. Nothing could be more natural than the desire of France to receive the sympathetic greeting of another Republic. Its people, freed from the bondage and the frauds of the Empire, turn instinctively to the New World for the strong words of encouragement which can be hoped for nowhere else. England and Austria contemplate diplomatic recognition, and other monarchies may fol low Jbolr example. These, however, are formalities tkat would be as readily ex tended to a despotism. The recognition la of a Government it facto, -not of a Republic for its own sake. And though for international purposes the fact ia not unimportant, it conveya to the Republicans of France no assurance of the hearty, genuine friendship of which they stand in urgent need. For that, where shall they look if not to the United States T The appeal, though in the name of France, and primarily for the benefit of ita present Government, really concerns republicanism wherever it exists in Europe. Whatever recognition' the Government may receive. there can be no doubt that the Powers extending it will exert themselves energetically, to repress revolutionary movements elsewhere. The revolution in France has operated like an earthquake throughout Eu rope. It baa called into activity the hitherto dormant convictions of Republicans it has imparted confidence and purpose to element of discontent which threaten mora than oue throne. The common interests j of Kings and ' Emperors - require that these be held . ' in check. On . the other hand, the interests of the French Republic will be promoted by the growth and development of republican opinion in neigh boring countries. It has a mission for Eu rope, aa well aa for the people of Francs, j Bat the Republicans of other lands are fog the time unable to reciprocate tho service. Tbey watch with eager eyea the dawn of a new demoeraey, and await impatiently the opportunity to profit by its teaohisga. ' But , only an organised and powerful nation can apeak tbe word that would really help It, "All hail, brother F is a welcome which, only tho Government of tbe United States can give with any immediate effect. Ought that welcome to be withheld f There would be xto hesitation in saying No. were France not at war with a Power that is also friendly to this country. Is, then, a cordial recognition of the Kepublio incompatible with the fulfillment of our national obligations aa a neutral t Assuredly not. We should recognize not the enemy of Prussia, but the pioneer Republic of tbe Old World. Tkat has a claim upon our sympathy too strong to be denied. Shall America be mere backward than Austria or England f ' Shall we not, rather, hasten to- acknowledge the Republic, and infuse into our acknowledgment a moral aigniflcance which neither Queen nor Kaiser is likely to intend f '. The changed aspect of aflairs imposes another duty upon our Government. The duty toco-operate with other neutral Powers in the work of mediation, waa pressed upon the authorities at Washington, from considerations of humanity, while yet the Empire existed. The President was silent probably under a belief tbat aa attempt at mediation then might be construed aa intervention against Prussia, whose cause commanded the great body of American sympathy. We thought the opinion untenable, but at least it waa entitled to respect. What can be said now against an offer to mediate f King William proclaimed that he made war against Napoleon, not against a people. Napolkon is a prisoner of war ; the Empire has been swept into the rubbish heap of history. A Republic expresses the will of the people. Will the King, forgetful of his word, now wage war against the people? It is incumbent on the Executive of the Republic of the United States to use whatever influence he possesses to avert so great a calamity. He has no power to aid the French republic directly, but he will incur a grave responsibility if he remain a passive observer of hostilities which now threaten ita life. An opportunity for mediation has come, and there are Powers in Europe which stand ready to be mediators. Will the "United States exhibit an almost criminal indifference to the fate of republicanism in France, leaving monarchs alone to plead for peace f President Grant must decide. Our Washington dispatch this morning gives us to understand that nobody knows where the Government is at this moment. But a diligent search might succeed in finding it. Deputy 'flberina. Irregularities in the dealings of Deputy Sheriffs are not so uncommon as to seem to call for especial remark. But that their ex tortions should be resisted.-ia only less un usual than that they should be made the sub ject of investigation in a Court of Justice Aud if tbe case of Deputy Sheriff O'ILlra, ac cused of an attempt to blackmail by me ana of a forged warrant, should suggest to Sheriff O'Brikx the necessity of a thorough re form in bia deportment, the public, at least, will have reason to rejoice. For years it ha been notorious to all who have had dealings with them, that the underlings of the Sherifl'a office have been permitted to impose on the community by a system of peculations. For this their opportunities are ample ; executions, attachments, and replevins alone constantly putting in their charge large amounts of valuable property. And they have generally availed themselves of their opportunities in a manner that would do no discredit. to professional pillagers. We do not hesitate to assert, and we believe that tbe assertion will be confirmed by every respectable lawyer in the City, that in a large nropoition of rases, where a Sherifl'a officer ia pnt in charge of property under process of law, It in returned to Ita owner Incomplete and Injured. We hear of one cose where cigars and liquor to the value of nearly a hundred dollars, were de liberately appropriated by a deputy levying an execution, before the eyes of the owner. In another instance, trunks of clothing that formed part of the subject matter of a re plevin suit, were turned over to the possession of the plamtifls, by tbe deputy who had them in charge, only on payment of, an ex orbitant bribe. This, it ia hardly necessary to say, was in sheer defiance of law. In this latter cose, of the articles left with - the Sheriff; a number were never returned at all, and others returned to. defaced aa. to be nearly -worthless. Add to this tbat tbe sufferer is. in all cases, treated with the utmost Insolence, and required to pay enor mous fees, and it will be aeen tbat Deputy Sherifia are very eostly luxuries. We might multiply example of the sort we have given, but they must be familiar to tbe experience of moat New-York business men. And since the iniquities in question have been brought to light in one case, we trust that Sheriff O'Brikx will take step to remove from his office this reproach. k These deputy officials maybe useful at primary elections, and conveniently forgetful at the polls, but in the long run they cannot fail to bring great discredit aud discomfiture upon the pubHo officer or the party that employ and upholds them. ! ' A lriaeewa . Bats race. - In grotesque contrast to the horror of the war, is the episode or . poor rnncess m.x- thtldz, captured with her sixty-two trunks while flying to friendly Belgium.' In face of the dreadful carnage and suffering now desolating the fairest province of France, and which must sober and sadden every sen- aitive heart, we can scarcely repress a mils at the misfortune of this unhappy lady. Captivity ia bad enough, but what i captivity compared to the misery of gazing upon marvels of - millinery, the delicate arcana of the wardrobe, t ambled and tossed by the rud hand of an. exultant soldiery f For the eab brings u the ominous report that the Princess baggage is held for examination an examination, w may be sure; to which the most rigorous of Curtom-hoase searches would be as mild a tbe investiga tion of a legislative committee m to charge of Ieg4alarive oorruptiotv. ; ' '. . War uj no respecter oeraon. and all the j. courtesy of the Prusaiaa ollleer will be needed to pieeofvo from harm the lrincea" finery. And if by acme cruel chance her sixty-two trunks should be confiscated, or in tbe confusion of march and battle, fall a preyioth spoiler," there wilbe a spectacle ; to try her nerves, as surely woman nerve were never tried before. Fancy, the whiakered Uhlan and the- fierce Hussar parading in the spoils of Pari boudoir; stalwart grenadier strutting about in those charming suit that once gladdened tbe Bo is de Boulogne; or grim artillerymen adorning their helmeted heads with, the loves of bonnets that were once the delight and envy of the Boulevard. Who doe not' pity the unlucky Princess f ,r .. i -.' Let us hope, however, that fate has no such cruel shock in store for her, and that her treasure may be restored to her intact. Luckily for her, Mara, and not Bellona, the God of War and not the Goddess, will preside over this novel inquisition ; and modern heroes are more tender to the weaknesses of the sex than when tbe furious Greek, far on the surging plain of windy Troy.', did not spare to wound the Goddess of Love herself. - Whatever damaging revelation those sixty-two trunk may make, their captor, we trust, will remember that tho owner ha already suffered the severest punishment a woman of fashion ought to be called on ' to endure, in being left literally and truly with nothing to wear. v , . fc. t : g ease Caatas aT roach Diastases-. , The enormous sum of money which .bad been expended by the French, for the purpose of placing their army on a war footing, deceived very many, and, the Emperor among the rest, intothe belief that France wa ready to cope with any military Power whatever, and hence he was prompt in seising an opportunity for declaring war with Prussia. The result, however,- ha shown that the French were actually unprepared, either for an offensive or a defensive war, while the plan of the Prussian campaign was such as not only to take advantage of this want of preparation, but also to gain the benefit which could be obtained from the weaknesses of the French military system without affording an opportunity: for the display of any of its well-known good points. , ' One of the principal causes of the unvarying successes of the Prussians has doubtless been their superior numbers. Wherever the Prussian and French forces have met for battle, the strength of the former ha been greatly superior to that of the latter, and the victory has a usual remained With the strongest battalions. As a result of this overwhelming proportion of men, the Prus sian", have been able to follow up their vic tories with Yigor and promptitude. Had the movements of the invaders been less rapid. the French might have been able to bring new levies enough into the field td remedy their disparity in numbers; butrox Moi.TR was too sagacioaa a strategist not to appreciate the advantage of rapid action, and ever since the first victory at Wissembburg-the Prufslans have been incessantly pushing the French. At the commencement of hos tilities it waa uncertain where the Prussians would first strike, and the French Army waa therefore distributed all along the frontier. When, finally. McMahox and Bazatntc had t each concentrated his army, the Prussian thrust a sufficient force between them to prevent them from forming a junction, thus Leffectually checkmating any attempt at co operation. Ail the advantages which accrue to an army waging an offensive war have been enjoyed by tbe Prussians, and all the dis advantage of continually acting on the, de fensive have fallen to the French. The Prussians hare carried on the war noon foreign soil, and thereby eared their own country from tbe devastation which ha been spread orer the fair fields of France, and in addition, their victories hav elevated tbe nor alt of their army, and have correspondingly depressed that of the French. While the attacking force ho always been able to move toward the point at which it has been aiming, it antagonist has been confined to efforts to repel continual assault. . The French are not so well able, to act long on the defensive as their adversaries, for in their military system they place far greater stress upon the fortitude and claw of the individual soldier than upon the steadiness of the company ' and regiment. The French chasseur or zouave will exhibit a dash and spirit in attacking which are not surpassed by any soldierv. but it require other qualities than these to enable an army alwaya to present an unbroken front to a conquering and advancing foe. The French pride them selves on their freedom from the stiflnea and precision which characteiit the Ger man aoldiera, but it la these very characteristics which have given to the latter their great effective strength. While the French foot soldiers are chiefly organized to act a light infantry, the Prassiana still adhere to the cumbrous three-rank formation,' although in battle the third rank act as tiral-lernn. or skirmishers, thus giving greater mo bility to the reat of the command. If the present war is a test of the merits cf the respective systems, the old has more than held its ground against the ' new. t The modern tendency in tactic is doubtless toward lei stiffness and precision in driX -but the French seem to have gone ac far la' this direction that tteadices has been aenced to daah and Ham. - ..C ':'.' - . f la all that pertains to loguties. or the mov ing and supplying of troops, tbe French were greatly inferior to the Prosaists. The meat sausage with which the latter were an p plied formed a good substitut for fresh beef when the latter could not be obtained, and was of great service during the rapid marches upon which the Prussian atrategista ao much rely. In the matter of bread, too, the Prussians hav made a valuable improvement. ; Their army oa ths march is now supplied with a kind of war bread, iaom what cimilar to the -hard-tack which th soldiers talked about ao much in our war. and which was really a very good eubstitai for fresh bread. ; The Prussian staff officer, moreover, were thor- ouxhlf informed a to the reeoar-aj of erery town, vtTlag and hamlet ia France. Tbey knew Just how many men could be quartered in eh town; I how large a requisition of provision and forage each section could furnish, and tbey were prepared to be indifferent to any plea of inability to furnish what waa demanded.' ..:::. . . . -Teseara buiafsw point ta whiqh the Pluaaiaa inilltary orgaaixation ha shown it superiority, and which has been rendered all the more prominent by. the rapidity k with which action ha succeeded action. ; J Vioe-Preaident Colfax ha been so gener-aUy credited with bright political proeoecfa, aad the snoeeas of his career baa apparaatly i their raahsaUoa ae probable, that the i menl of hla intention to retire from pabhe U re aft the close of bis present term will be received by the country with alanine surprise.': His word, bawevar, are eaaphatie. "air all grattaed aa asmaued.'f be ramarka, "I aaal leave publle life vol on tartly and Without a regret, and sxpeet to go Into setiv business. Mr. Colfax Is not alone la the weariness which avibUe lira prOdaoea. or la the desire to exshange aa unprofitable fame for the sntwtaatial rewards of boataess llfsy Mr. Bchbick bad the same feeling aad purpose, but for the time the win of hla old eoasUtueats prevails over bis own. It may yet be s with Mr. Colfax. Bat the baat- t Axe Mr. Colfaxw talents ta beiaatored to the werid of journal Ism t Wall-street is. lees wise than, might be' supposed If it j rea)ly believes thai the war tronbles are ended. It is more probable that the belief professed is feigned tor speculative purposes, than that men proverbially sharp aad shrewd mistake a pause tn tbe great straggle, and aa essential change la Its euaracter,'fbr evidences of peaeei The signs all point h otbec way. The apparent hopelessness of the "straggle on the part of France Is, unfortunately, not obvious to Francs herself. When the aged aad thoughtful GmxoT sun insists that " Fra&os ia superior to Prussia la men, money, and territory, -and hi equal la peraevemooe," we easy comprehend the faith manifested by the more' ardent leaders and by the multitude. , It Is dear that, at present, ths Kepubllo is willing to entertain tbe Idea of peace only ia eoaaideratloa of the withdrawal of the Praaalan Arm lea a very Improbable contingency. ' Moreover, the excitement prod need in other eountrles by the proclamation of a re public m France will operate widely aa a disturbing force. Critical times are la store for Europe, and while these continue, financial confidence and business activity will be Impossible, j We recommend, our do wa-town philosophers to think again. ; ; New-Tork is not the only i Slate, and tbe Bepublioaa Party Is not the only 'party, which suffers j from traffickers la polities. MJsaouri laoor under the aaroe affliction, If the r. - 8t Loul pttWcaa good Deaioc ratio authority apeeka truly J :';,! VA "We believe one great aooree of te fannred of the Democracy baa been the Inordinate greed of party hacks men who attach tliemaelvea tn political or-ganiaatlona, not with a patrtotia latent ta stent to re tuna the OovarnmanL, but lor taorewarda at place, " Tammany, then, 1 not a STe w-Tork Institution, exclusively, and the Young Democracy have disciple elsewhere' than in this City, ' Here, however, the Demoersoe trader are not - hacks " tu the i impecunious sense. Tbe Democratic, reformers, at their meeting oa Tuesday, described them as " a wealthy aad unprtn- OipiCU Uliaarvujr aa ihiuh nia.aiwavani. spoils of office," and ao forth. Tbey are the masters, not th servants.' of their; party. WlU tbey be east off in Kew-Tork or Missouri trail Both political parties in several of the Central and Western States have demando-2 tbe stoppage of the system by which public1 lands have been squandered for the benefit et railroad and other corporations. M Let us adopt this principle,' said Senator Shxxmah, on Saturday last, "that bareafter'no wabbe land shall be given away or sold to any one except a pre-emptor, or settler under the Homestead law and this, substantially. Is the ground defined by th State Convention that have pokea on the eabjeet, Lead grants have had their ases la hasteulDgth construction of railroads la th nswer BUtes, and this, train, ha promoted aet-tlsmsaa. But th abases of th tyttem now oeed iu bensflts, and neither party dare assume th responsibility of its ontlnaaae. Ths Beasts, Indeed, sanctioned several grant last ses sion, but tbe House killed all, save tbat la aid of th "orthsra Paolfla rout. ' Wt Shall hear of ao more aid of that aort.' - All the Republican nomination for Con gress (nineteen tn number) have beea made ta Ohio, and ta all bat three districts en the Demo- eraUe aide. Th list Is a very strong one oa both sides, and embrace an an usually large number of members of tbe present Congress, Eight Republican and three Democratlo mea-ber have bees metainated, and It I predicted by tbe most experienced politielan that four- teea Bspubucaas aad four SeKoerets are i tain of election, One district (the Sixth) doubtful. Should thlapr diction prove correct, th representation ef th But ta th next Coa-greea will b the asm, poll Us Ally, as aew. The canvass in an th districts I animated, a U generally the ease la Ohio, The' Cincinnati Anielgcr, a , Democratlo German daily, baa a) sharp 'article contrast! bat th tea ef Republic and . Dcmoerati Jour nals. It concedes the former to bars extended aaiatenigeot recognition of the real issue ta th contest, and' a hearty sympathy with Germany; whCe th latter haa heaped abuse ad venomous Ilea upon Prussia. It therefor charges the Democratic Party with Ignorance of, and spit toward, the eaase of liberal civilization In Germany.. Th Amtiftr expresses th ' general German r aeauaioas throughout tbe eenstiy, aad the rtiolt will be manifested at the approaching election. "- i " . --, , jr. .. . . j in Oi In Sau Francisco, lately.5 a special commit- te ;tas repotted tn favor ef a wooden pavscaent. known aa the Stow patent, aad against tbe XlcoUon.1 ' But th fact ta that ac woods pave ment will staad the require metis of ban as as ia iergs.ciuse, Even t Chisago, where ths isricot-soa has se long beea la favor, the people are be ginning t sail for something mor ptrasaBsat. Th rtt of that city aarst "The aoer ty. authorities abandon all these weeds tVevloao. and torn their sttcctlon to mors substantial aad durabl material, tbe better It will be fee all- except contractors., A apeelmea of first-etas pavement ia to be aeen ia KUovanihaUaet. ta tale Oty, between Broadway aad mxih-avcas. ; I make a dnat, 1 perfectly hard, aad ' seeaa Uxaty to wear for year. It ha new acea !owa for soma months, aad shows a stga ef the heavy traO watch has already passed ever It. It ta certainly the most sasatsafal ef all the exparV hvesta & pavta tLa trigll Esw-Toc. , .--' - ' - 1" v- . ' : ' r r - t . . .M ;-3 Mtti'i; 5 ty. - uu!T-'rrji-:xrt. 1 .-...': .i'.- if s--r .. : T--. i i- .i i t. ...-;: .i-o .-; -j- via - .1 i : .' - v-- . UU. .. .... -t r; . Hte -.:i'.-.'.'.'. : v-.S u? fiitlit. SA-ivi!.n ' "1 ; J ,f i ;i ..rt ( -X4;l t. iji -VI .2W.j( !M'; .. t-ti "-- I --4 : r , Mr-it " " -v.- I ' .......... . ... .-- t.'A--.L -V ; i . . it r .1 h?.-TV6X WBa-aSa,- r V, at tw. 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