The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on April 29, 1974 · 1
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 1

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Monday, April 29, 1974
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In (mmm CLOTHING FOR CHILDREN Urgently nteded Please send to WOOD STREET MISSION SO IRIDCE STREET MANCHESTER M3 31W Telephone : 061-S34 3140 I in ANSWERS AND RECORDS FOR ONLY EieOP.Wk. 344 CHESTER ROAD.- -MANCHESTER M169EA Manchester Monday April 29 1974 6p -im m r ' - - Spinola moves with haste From James MacManus Lisbon, April 28 THE MILITARY junta in Portugal is now moving with speed to fill the power vacuum created by last week's coup before the carnival mood in Lisbon turns to one of confrontation. ralks have already been held with leading left-wing politicians,, including Dr Mario Soares, the Socialist leader, who returned from exile in Paris today. The major problem facing the junta's leader, General Antonio Spinola is to find a political powerbase from which to carry out his pledged reform. Although the new regime has been publicly cautious a!:3ut any initiatives in Portuguese Africa, it is reliably understood that instructions have already been issued to the two colonels now in charge of Mozambique and Angola to prepare the way for political programmes that would give Africans greater participation in the running of the two countries. The urgency of these measures has been dictated by the-tensions that are building up over the workers' demonstrations planned to take place in Lisbon on Mav Day. Nothing yet has diminished the euphoria of the youthful crowd that surged triumphantly through the streets of Lisbon over the weekend. But there is good evidence that provocateurs from the disbanded secre police (DGS) and extreme left-wing groups are working separately to engineer confronta-t'on and bloodshed between the army and the people. The potential for violence here has already emerged with savage clarity. On at least four occasions this weekend DGS officers have, been recognised, cornered, and badly beaten by crowds before being rescued by the arm. Such incidents are believed to account for the riumbe of shots that have been heard in the city. But the junta are clearly in control and already have held negotiations with the CDE (Democratic Electoral Com- People's rights now ... 3 Leader 10 Coup of many colours 11 mission), a large militant left-wing organisation that wa's the mam opposition in the last general election. The Generals have agreed to allow the CDE to organise and lead the May Day demonstration on Wednesday. The junta is further considering a request that the day be declared a national holiday. All groups on the Left in Portugal are now scrambling raised support for the pledged election within a year. The CDE intends to make the May Day rally a demonstration of its strength. The organisation, which is influenced if not dominated by Communists, has wide support among the' young and is likely to make a strong challenge for seats in the National Assembly when and it Portugal's first free elections for 44 years are held. It is a measure of the political confusion here that the only difference between the extreme Left and the junta at the moment has arisen on the question of the African policy. One of the main CDE leaders, Jose Tengarrinha, a 42-year-old economist, said today that his party would campaign publicly for the Immediate withdrawal of the Portuguese army from the African colonies. The junta is fudging this issue with some skill. In spite of this, General Spinola remains a hero, if only a temporary one to the left-wing. He is, however, looking to the Centre to maintain a provisional Government while some sort of political party can be formed to represent the junta's political interests. The timetable facing General Spinola is a frightening one. Within two weeks the seven-man JuntR must appoint a provisional President probably Spinola himself. The President will then in turn appoint a Prime . Minister to form a provi-' sional Government to run the country while the population and the opposition parties prepare themselves for. the heady, delights of a democratic election. , . ' The' Prime Mlnsister's position will be crucial, since he and his Government are going to be caught in the inevitable crossfire between1 Left and Right The most likely choice for this position is that of Dr Veiga Simao, the former Education Minister Turn to back page, col. 3 THE LONG WAIT : some of the 15,000 supporters who went to Santa Apolonia railway terminus in the centre of Lisbon yesterday to greet the Socialist leader, Dr Mario Soares (below, with General Spinola) on his return from exile. There were emotional scenes as the train from Paris arrived nearly half "an hour late and Soares emerged. Bed flags were waved, there were shouts of "Long live socialism" and " Victory, victory," and the 49-year-old opposition leader brandished a huee V-shaped Nixon aides acquitted In a surprising decision John Mitchell and Maurice Stans were acquitted of .all charges in the Vesco case here today. The jury of nine men and three women deliberated for almost four days and announced that it had found the two' former Cabinet officers not guilty of nine criminal charges of . conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury. "I've been reborn," said Maurice Stans, the 66-year-old former Secretary of Commerce, as he blinked back tears. "I was innocent all along, but U's good to have it confirmed." The former Attorney-General, Mitchell, 60, was asked if he had expected the verdict. "Why, of - course," he said beaming. "We've got the jury system and it always works." Had he never been afraid of conviction? "No way," .e replied. "No way, baby." Fugitive Just one year ago, the two former Nixon aides had been indicted for obstructing a Federal investigation of the multi-million dollar empire of the fugitive financier, Robert Vesco, in return for Vesco's $250,000 v contribution to the President's re-election campaign. Both men pleaded not guilty. During the trial, .which .began more than 10 weeks ago, several doasn former associates of the two defendants, including John Dean, the former White House counsel,' took the witness stand to testify against Mr Mitchell and Mr Stans. -One of the chief factors that obviously influenced the jury was that most of the prosecution, witnesses had a credibility Sroblem. The chief witnesses ad been granted immunity from prosecution in return for wreath o carnations. The victory sign has been' adopted as the symbol of Portugal's new regime. He told his supporters : " I always believed that one day Portugal would be freed and I never gave up hope." Among the jubilant crowd, and still dressed in black, was the widow of another former prominent opposition leader, General Humberto Delgado, who took a leading part in the hijacking of the Santa Maria in 1961. General Delgado was later murdered by the Portuguese secret police in Spain. From JANE ROSEN, testifying against the defendants. Mr Dean admitted that he hoped his testimony here would earn him a lenient sentence in connection with his conviction in a related case. Mr G. Bradford Cook, one of the defendant's chief accusers, confessed that he had lied on many previous occasions and said this was the first time he had ever told the truth in sworn testimony. And the jury plainly did not believe him. Another factor was the brilliant defence made by counsel for Mr Mitchell and Mr Stans. Throughout the trial, lawyers emphasised that the defendants had done nothing illegal, that although Mr Mitchell had arranged for Vesco's aides to meet Government investigators there had been nothing CLEARED: Mr Stans MPs press for Smith inquiry By DAVID McKIE, Political Staff Labour "party leaders are coming under pressure from some of their younger backbenchers for a full inquiry to be held into the Dan Smith-Andrew Cunningham corruption revelations. This course is likely to be urged on Mr Wilson, as party leader, or on Mr Ron Hayward, general-secretary of the party. These MPs feel the lessons of the case must be examined so as to prevent any possible recurrence of such an affair. There is no consensus on the scope of such an inquiry. Mr Edward Milne, the Labour MP dropped by his local party at Blyth but re-elected as Independent Labour, has been urging an inquiry into the party in the North-east, but some MPs feel it would need to go wider. There is some apprehension about local government in other areas where Labour maiovities-have always been so substantial that there is, to quote one MP, " a kind of one-party state." These include South Wales, where there has been repeated trouble over local government appointments, and parts of Yorkshire. One suggestion yesterday was for a standing commission to consider all allegations of local government corruption, though it was accepted that this might initially be drenched with old scores raised by disappointed applicants. It would need to be carefully handled to make sure it did not become an inquisition. Such a commission, it is argued, could act as a deterrent, not uncovering anything extensive, but frightening some people away from temptation. MPs making these demands yesterday were quick to say that the extent of corruption was probably very small. It New York, April 28 improper about that Mr Mitchell had been merely trying to see that justice was expedited. The final point in favour of the defendants was that whatever Mr Mitchell and Mr Stans h " done, the Federal investigation of Vesco bad not been obstructed or impeded; on the contrary, after the alleged acts of "obstruction," the Federal agency, the Securities and Exchange - Commission, ' had cited Vesco for a long series ot wrongdoings.' Nonetheless today's verdict shocked court-room reporters and displeased many people here. When Mr Mitchell and Mr Stans left the courtroom they were loudly booed by bystanders.- " Put them in gaol!" "Get rid of them!" Mr Mitchell now faces another criminal trial 'in Washington DC, on conspiracy and Mr Mitchell after their acquittal yesterday. existed in a few councils, while others next door remained unscathed. The demands are likely to be led by younger MPs 1966 vintage and after. Some are reluctant to take a public line on the issue because they fear that councillors in their home areas will read it as a personal assault. As one MP said, criticism of this kind, for whatever motive, is regarded by some long-serving loyalists as a form of treason. The Northern group of Labour MPs, to which Mr Milne once belonged, never took kindlv to his call for an inquiry, and the group is unlikely to take any initiative now. Mr Wilson, in dealing with questions so tar, has relied on the inquiry into local government conflict of interest set up by Mr Heath, but this is not regarded as a lull answer. The case will also redouble the determination of some Labour MPs to see that the leadership sticks to the policy agreed by the parliamentary party for a compulsory public register of members' interests. They have been alarmed by the repoVt that party leaders were now having second thoughts The deputy leader of the party, Mr Short, will be questioned about this on Thursday. Today Mr Short is to make a statement about a BBC interview given by Mr Smith and shown after the trial, in which he said he had employed Mr Short as a public relations consultant for about a year Mr Short said this weekend that he wanted time to study the transcript before he issued a " definitive " statement but he described statements made in the programme as " inaccurate." Leader, page 10 : Speech barred, back.' and perjury charges in connection with the Watergate cover- up. The question is whether his exoneration in the Vesco case will have any effect on this or on thf other Watergate cases now pending. Mr Mitchell, when asked about it. replied. smiling : " I haven't the faintest idea " Simon Winchester adds -from Washington : The White House, on the 'eve of its confrontation with Congress, will be greatly relieved by today's aquittal of Mr Mitchell and Mr Stans for the simple, overriding reason that the verdict severely undermined the credibility of the President's chief accuser, John Dean. Mr Dean, until last April Counsel to the President, is the principal challenger about Mr Nixon's truthfulness over Watergate. Boost for White House, page 2 Dilemma over financial aid for developers By ALEX BRUMMER and DAVID McKIE The Chancellor, Mr Denis Healey, is faced with the embarrassing decision this week of whether to back a 300 millions Bank of England aid scheme for property developers whom he had earlier promised to " squeeze until the pips squeak." His dilemma follows an initiative from the Governor of the Bank, Mr Gordon Richardson, who is concerned that there could be grave financial consequences if property companies were allowed to run into financial trouble. Last week, Mr Richardson saw Mr Harold Lever, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, to discuss the problem. Mr Lever passed on Mr Richardson's views and these are now being considered by Mr Healey. Together with this thev have If Mr Healev does decide to been faced with exceptionally make the money available, the high interest charges which Government is certain to face hav.e Put a greater call on their the same taunts and accusa- cash resources than in the tions of carrying out a spec- "ast- tacular U-turn which it hurled The disclosure of the at the Conservative.; while in privately owned Lyon Group Opposition: and Labour MPs, this weekend has emphasised some of whom raised an eye- the urgency of the crisis. The brow at the sight of tho group has been involved in a Government handing out technical default over a 13.7o money to building societies, millions loan from a consor- will not relish having to go tium of 25 banks and may have back to their constituencies to to be rescued by ICI pension explain why they are now help- fund which has backed the ing out the propertv world. scheme. The present urgent consulta- it is also illustrated by the tions are going on against a background of growing crisis among the propertv companies. The collapse of the property markets over the last few months ha; meant that the companies have been unable to boost their cash situation through the disposal of com- pleted properties and thus provide finance for future development project Women help hunt for bombers By SUE WHITTAKER Two young women were last night helping police with their inquiries after the discovery of the remains of an IRA bomb factory after an explosion in Manchester on Friday. Police also issued the name and description of a man they want to interview and said they knew the name and whereabouts of a second man they believe to be involved. Detective Chief Superintendent Charles Horan, head of Greater Manchester CID, said yesterday that the two women were stopped by Special Branch officers at HoIhead. They planned to travel to Ireland on the Holyhead to Dun Laoghaire ferry, he said. They were stopped on Saturday afternoon and brought back to Manchester late on Saturday night and have been helping the police since then. The women are related and were born in Donegal but have been in England for 13 years. The elder woman, who is 24, is a hospital receptionist in Manchester and the younger, aged 21, is a nurse in a different Manchester hospital. The man the police are now hunting is a 25-year-old labourer, Patrick Joseph Martin Guilfoyle. He is nicknamed " Tipp " because he comes from Tipperary, and has IRA tattooed on both his hands. His right hand was injured in the explosion. He is the brother of Mrs Theresa Mary Gil, in whose Manchester Corporation house in Dennison Avenue, Withington, the remains of the bomb factory were found after an explosion at teatime on Friday. ' Mr Guilfoyle is about 6ft tall of slim build with a long thin face, ginger, collar-length hair, side boards and a high forehead. His eyebrows are a sandy colour and he has hazel eyes and a large long nose. He has an Irish accent. Both his arms and hands are tattooed. On his left arm there is a swallow, and on the back of his left han'l there are the mi-Pals IRA and ACAB (all coppers are bastards) and an Irish shamrock. Detective Chief Superintendent Horan said on Friday nigUt that two young women ana two men, all with Irish accents, escaped from the house after the explosion. Yesterday he said : " One of the men is a 28-year-old Northern Ireland man. We know his name and we know where he is. We are no longer seeking him." TV and radio ... 2 Arts 8 Bridge 17 Chess 17 Crosswords 7 & 19 Finance ...12-16 Home ...5 Si 8 Leaders ... Letters ... Miscellany Motoring Overseas Sport Weather' .. 10 .. 10 ... 7 ... 2-4 .. 7 .. 3 Classified, advertising i Births,-marriages & deaths. Theatre guide ... 4 nrnhlem of other comnanies in :, . r, lne property nrdvi ue wuai- dian Properties which ran into trouble last month, and Town and City recently the subject of a merger operation with Stirling Guarantee Trust which owns Earl's Court, The Bank believes that many , , , Turn to back page, col. 3 He added that the man " was in another part of this country" and would be coming to Manchester, but it might be 10 days before he came to help the police with inquiries. This could mean that the man is an army deserter being interviewed by the army before being handed over to the police. The escape van was found at the weekend in the Manchester area. It has been damaged by fire and today will be taken to the North-west Forensic Science Laboratory at Preston to be examined. BCVB MM BhioNunfiomSICrEL right thicugh the mcsd. Sadat threat AN ISRAELI refusal to withdraw from occupied Arab territories when the Middle East peace talks resume "will mean war," President Sadat of Egypt said on American television yesterday as Dr Kissinger left Washington on his latest round of Middle East peacemaking. Middle East report, page 2 Recaptured IVOR BELL, formerly the top Provisional IRA man in Belfast, has been recaptured by police following bis escape from the Ma?e prison two weeks ago. Power curtailed MR ALAN LAW, the Midlands lorry men's leader, is to relinquish responsibility for car delivery drivers after an internal union investigation. Mr Brian Mathers, Midland regional secretary of the TGWU. said Mr Law had volunteered to give up the responsibility. Abandoned THE MINISTER of Sport, Mr Denis Howell, has called for reports on incidents which led to the game between Manchester City and Manchester United being abandoned on Saturday. Hundreds of supporters invaded the pitch five minutes before the final whistle, and 37 people have been charged. Busby's baddies, page 11 ; Report, page 18

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