The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on November 15, 1977 · 8
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 8

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London, Greater London, England
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Tuesday, November 15, 1977
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8
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OVERSEAS NEWS SPECIAL REPORT 8 a- fPU'V r.lT A Tnt A V- "MntramViAi,--IK 1071 Left Alliance to win votes, lose election, says poll ' 1 ','..-."' From Paul Webster in Paris An" opinion poll published vesterday showed that French Socialists and Communists would lose the March general election even though they would win 53 per cent of Hie otcs. The poll, in the Quotidian de Paris, showed that the expected failure of parties to support each other in second-round voting would mean that many Left-wing candidates would be beaten. The poll underlined the fact that the worst enemies of the Socialists, Communists and Left Radicals in the Opposition were the parties themselves. Despite the fact that they have Quarrelled publicly for nearly two months over a common electoral platform, the parties have retained their support. Socialists could still poll nearly a third of the vote and Communists 20 per cent, enough to give them a comfortable victorj' if the Left-wing parties agree to support each other in second-round voting. On the other hand, despite a fall in popularity of Left-wing leaders in other polls this weekend, the Right is not profiting. Setbacks in the anti-inflation plan which have led to the croissant war have worsened the differences between the Gaullist leader, Mr Chirac, and the Prime Minister, Mr Barre. The uncompromising stand of the Socialists and Communists, which led to the breakdown of their negotiations last week, was criticised by Pravda this weekend, but the influential Unified Socialist Party s to attempt mediation. The PSU, which accounts for about 20 per cent of the national vote, backs worker-management schemes and is the intellectual link between various Left-wing currents. Its weekend National Council meeting called for the establishment of a "popular unity movement" to replace the "Union of the Left." The expression recalls the 1936 popular front itself a last -minute shaky alliance between Communists and Socialists and would be based on a new common programme. The party is probably trying to claim some share in any late reconciliation between Socialists and Communists so that it could take part in government itself. It still considers there is a chance of an electoral pact, onlv four months before the general election, although no action is expected before the end of the year. The chances of a Left-wing victory have been harmed by the decision of the Ecology Movement at the weekend not to support any party in the election. Mr Mitterrand, the Socialist leader, had accepted some ecological proposals on nuclear power in the hope of attracting the ecologists' vote, estimated at up to 3 per cent in some polls. The Government's economic plan, which was shaken by the publication last week of figures showing a continuing high rate of inflation, received some encouragement in the form of a 5 per cent decrease in unemployment, now down to 1.1 million. This was the second drop in two months but the Communist Party has accused the Government of withholding figures for some categories of jobs to make the total look rosier. Class conflicts with Indian democracy From Mohan Ram in New Delhi MILITANT Communists, controlling the state of West Bengal since June find their commitment to their class struggle colliding with the compulsions of taking part in parliamentary government. Fears of clashes between share-croppers and landlords over the winter rice harvest, which begins in a few days, and charges that Marxist party members, have been forcibly harvesting for themselves rice belonging to landlords, have put the West Bengal Government on the defensive. Adding to the state Government's discomfiture was the visit of a central Government official to report to New Delhi on law and order after complaints of riots. The Communist Party of India-Marxist, professing ideological independence of Moscow and Peking, is more militant than the pro-Moscow Communist Party of India, which stands discredited because of its past identification with Mrs Gandhi and the Congress Party. After about five years, the Marxist Communists came back to West Bengal with a resounding victory for the Leftist Front, which is dominated by them, at the elections in June. The Communist Party of India-Marxist has been a steadfast ally of the Janata Party but not in West Bengal. The Janata Party leadership in West Bengal has alleged that law and order has been worsening in the state under Communist rule and has demanded intervention by the central Government. The Indian Constitution obliges the federal (central) Government to assume direct rule of a state if law and order breaks down. The Marxists are anxious to avert such intervention and have been trying to convince the central Government that everything is under control in the state. While the state Government denies that law and order is breaking down the party leader, Mr Promode Dasgupta. has charged " vested Interests " with trying to create disturbances and law and order problems. He particularly blamed " a section of bureaucracy " with complicity and involvement in this plot. Protest returns to Chile From IPS, in Santiago A CATHOLIC mass in Santiago's Basilica of El Salvador last Friday, in solidarity with the Christian Democratic leader, Mr Jaime Castillo, who Is on hunger strike, afterwards developed into one of the country's first political demonstrations since the military seized power in 1973. Police cordoned off the area around the cathedral but looked on without intervening while about 100 Christian Democrat supporters cheered the party leader, Mr Eduardo Frei, shouted Christian Democrat slogans, and sang the national anthem outside the cathedral. Mr Castillo, the party's main ideologue, was expelled from Chile in August last year. He is fasting in Caracas, Venezuela, in protest against the military government's refusal to allow him back into the country. No charges have been made against him. The Christian Democratic Party originally supported the coup against President Allende, but as the military became entrenched In power, the party became increasingly vocal in its opposition. Vietnam hijackers face trial From Reuter , in Singapore 1 The Singapore Government is I to try four Vietnamese who hijacked an airliner over Vietnam and forced it to fly to Singapore on October 29, informed sources said yesterday. Vietnam has been demanding that the four hijackers be returned to Hanoi, and a Vietnamese trade mission to Singapore was cancelled to show Hanoi's displeasure at the delay. There was no official confirmation from the Singapore Government which nas been carefully considering whether to return the hijackers or put them on trial here. Hanoi has been putting pressure on Singapore and Hanoi radio said in a broadcast on Friday that if Singapore wanted to remain on friendly terms with Vietnam it should return the hijackers. Sources said that the ' four would be put on trial for offences like the possession of arms that could earn tnem a long prison sentence but not the death penalty, which they could face in Hanoi for the murder of two of the crew members of the hijacked Air Vietnam DC3. Bandaranaike wins From Reuter in Colombo The former Sri Lanka Prime Minister, Mrs Bandaranaike, yesterday survived an attempt to take away her seat in the National Assembly. The Colombo High Court dismissed a petition alleging that she had won her 10,000 vote majority in the Attangalla district corruptly. The petition, brought by three voters; alleged that she had won the seat through bri bery, undue influence and false statements. Mr Justice J. F. A. Soza, upholding Mrs Bandar-anaike's preliminary objecion that the security deposited by the three petitioners was insufficient, dismissed the petition with costs. A similar charge, yet to "be heard in court, has been made against Mrs Bandaranaike's son, Anura, who also won a seat at his first attempt. Mrs Bandaranaike's Freedom .Party was routed in the July election by Mr Jaywardene's United .National Party. THE UNDOUBTED high food value of cheese, 'and the fact that it can be produced comparatively cheaply vis-avis, say, meat, has led to many countries in the 'EEC making the favourite cheeses of fellow members within the-Community. To do this cheese-makers have made detailed studies ' of each others' production methods, and of the tastes of the -various consumers, to achieve some very creditable results. sThe actual- origins of cheese are obscure, and many theories have been advanced, but the only point of agreement is in the antiquity of cheese as a food. My own favourite theory is that of the Arab riding across the desert with his supply of milk in a bag made from a sheep's 6tomach. When he came to drink his milk he found that the residual rennet in the sheep's stomach ihad con-verted the milk to curds and whey. So he ate the curds ami drank the whey and thus enjoyed the first, primitive, cheese. It is an amusing story and, to my imtind, more believable than envisaging some whizz-kid of ancient times looking at a bucket of milk and saying : " There must be something else we can do with this stuff besides drink it." In any case the horse and sheep's stomach hag have been dispensed with, if ever they existed, and cheese has become a valued staple food throughout the world, being high in protein and calories. Manual workers have long regarded it as an essential part of diet. In fact, that bland and mild cheese of Welsh origin,, Caerphilly, was purposely made the thickness it is usually seen as, to accommodate the miner whose habitual midday snack it was. A large hunk could be held between the finger and thumb, like a piece of cake, and the coal dust would only, get on the rind. Other energy consumers, such as the men in .the Services, have. also, had cheese as a substantial part of the day's ration. Cheeses fall roughly into two categories, pressed cheeses which are firm when ripe and whroh 'harden with keeping, and the soft cn which ripen quickly and have a much shorter keeping' life: The advantage, of (hard cheeses is that there is little waste. Provided they , are kept cool and dry, and that cut' surfaces are covered tighffly to protect them, from the ravages of the- atmosphere, they will keep well and, when past going to table, will grate and cook sue-" cessffully. The same cannot be said of the soft cheeses, which when they are past their prime, cannot be used, although I have bad earnest-foert cut into portions, coated with egg and breadcrumbs, and deep-fried. Dealing with the hard cheeses first, here is a list of the best known, and hence most popular, with short details of their characteristics. A well-founded cheese counter How real is your cheese board? Don't sour the memory of a marvellous meal by paying too little attention to your cheese board. Make sure your cheese is real cheese .' . . cheese made with loving care, made-where it shouldbe made - down on the farm. So when you buy cheese, look for the Farmhouse cheese symbol. Your guarantee of real Cheddar, Cheshire, Lancashire and blue Cheshire. Cheeses made on a handful of farms, from the milk of local herds-using the skills and recipes handed down over the generations. Real cheese is rich and flavour-some. ith a real taste. Farmhouse English Cheese. If you enjoy eating, nothingelsewilldo. .For the facts about real cheese, virile to the Farmhouse Cheese Information Service, 26Daleham Gardens, LandonNW35DA. Hard cheeses Cheddar ; Almost incredi- ' bly this is an English cheese, yet must be the most widely imitated in the world. Canada takes it more seriously .than we seem to now and produces a mature cheese of high consistent standard, whereas the . home product can vary enormously. We are enjoined to buy " fannouse Cheddar." claimed to be made by traditional methods, yet still wrapped in Cellophane at point of sale. Only at old-fashioned grocers can we buy a piece off a whole cheese, and long may they flourish. Cheddar is as much a " ploughman's lunch " as, the beer which goes so well With it. When stale, Cheddar grates and cooks well. Cheshire : Red and white : The same cheese, but the red contains a harmless vegetable ,, dye, because some people think that Cheshire should be red. Ideally should be mature when sold, and crumbly, and should have plenty of " bite." Lancashire: In its natural habitat this cheese acquires a special flavour. It is a fine, crumbly cheese with excellent cooking qualities, which has earned it the name of " Old toaster." Wenslcydaic : A good tangy cheese of good flavour. Justly popular in its area, and true Yorkshire people will admit of no superior. Dunlop: A Scottish cheese so similar to Cheddar that at is now marketed usually as Scotch Cheddar. Derby and Derby sage : As plain Derby this cheese is not very distinguished, but vAieti chopped sage leaves are pressed in with the curd a green-marbled cheese known as Derby sage emerges. Of recent years this cheese has been properly made again to satisfy the Trade Descrip tions Act, and for people who like sage it is a winner. Previously a -version was made and sold as Derby sage which looked like green coconut ice. This cheese makes an arresting Welsh rabbit. Gloucester: A good rjch cheese much enjoyed at lunch time. A double Gloucester is twice the size of a single Gloucester which' is not much made now. Obviously the larger cheese : took longer to mature, and thus had more flavour. Leicester : Again red from the dyer's, hand, which accounts for much of this rather bland cheese's popularity. Edam and Gouda: From Holland and making steady inroads in this country. The bright red rind and mild flavour of Edam makes this cheese a favourite with the young. Gouda bland cheese while young has a distinctly strong flavour when mature. Gouda is excellent for cooking as I found on a recent visit to Holland. ' Emmenthaler ' and Gruyfere : Originally from Switzerland but much copied. Emmenthaler has the larger holes, otherwise they cannot be told apart. Very good cooking cheese, traditionally used in fondues, but Gouda is usurping this position being very good for cooking in its own right. Cantal; Originally the Frenoh version of Cheddar, although a Cheddar is now made in France and some is even exported to England. Cantal is always sold mature and has a good flavour. Parmesan: From Italy. By the time the cheese has been matured for years it is very hard and also expensive. As sold in England it is strictly for grating to add ' to other dishes, but in Italy less mature cheeses are softer and highly prized at -table. Blue cheeses Stilton: The best Stilton 'is made from, the summer milk and so is at its best about Christmas,' which .is, why it has become the traditional cheese at that festival. Two malpractices with Stilton should be discontinued as they are both rpundly condemned by -the experts who make it. The cheese , should not be served with a scoop as this is wasteful and destroys the cheese quickly. ' It should be cut across end the cut surface close covered. The other mistake is to feed a Stilton with port. The result of doing so is to acquire a' purplish mud whioh itastes of spoilt cheese and ruined port. Hand the port with the Stilton, in a glass. Roquefort: From France, . and derived from ewes' milk. Gourmets the world over prize this cheese, but I find it a little sailty, but then I'm a Stilton man. Gorgonzola and Dolcelatte: Gorgonzola was the original land Dolcelatte the imitaitor. Gorgonzola is the firmer land stronger of Ithese two very good Italian cheeses, while Dolcelatte is softer and creamier. Danblu and MyccIIa: Two blue cheeses from Denmark, the Danblu being the better known, but not, in my view-the better cheese. For me Danish Blue has always been too salty and wet MycelZa resembles Gorgonzola. Bresse bleue : A small cheese to buy whole. I rather think it is the French answer to Dolcelatte. A delicious little cheese, perfect for the cheeseboard. Blue Cheshire and Wens-leydale : Originally these cheeses were sports and happened by accidently "blueing" while maturing. The results were so delicious, that they get a little help from the needle now. Still comparatively rare .and worth looking out for. Soft cheeses Caboc: A very soft, rich cream cheese from Scotland, coated in light oatmeal. Rapidly gaining' in popularity. St Ivel : An old established cheese from the West Country. When mature it holds its own with 'many other soft cheese. Brie; More popular now probably than Caimembert because, since the war, it has been more consistently good. A fabulously good luncheon cheese. Came in be rt : A soft pungent cheese -from Normandy. It has to be quite ripe to be good, but after that it rapidly goes ammoniac. Carre de l'Est and Fromage de' Monsieur are both successful kinsfolk to Camembert. Petite Suisse : In spite of its name, it is a French cheese, very rich and mild. Often: treated as a sweet and eaten with strawberries and sugar, or sugar and cream: Port Salut: A mild, rich, soft cheese from France. Greatly copied, in style if not in name. Tomme au raisin : A bland yet unusually flavoured rich cheese, matured in a coating , of grape seeds and must. It is a talking point as to whether one should eat the casing or not. I have and am still alive, hut I don't think it is a great taste. 'Fromage au noix: Another recent cheese from France, rich in cream laced with kirsch, studded with walnuts and looking for all the world like a gateau, 'this Ptr Johni is a real dessert cheese and is priced appropriately. Bel Paese : From Italy, it is not unlike a Port Salut. A very good luncheon cheese with fruit, - Mozzarella : A buffalo milk cheese from Italy 'and tradi-, tionally the proper cheese for lasagne. Excellent cooking cheese. There is a Scottish version of Mozzarella which at least shows . enterprise. It does not quite come off, I think, but this may be due to the shortage of buffaloes ' in Scotland. Chevre : I have left this French favourite to last, as it does not fall into any particular category.But this goat cheese is for me, the best thing on any cheeseboard. I am aware that I have only scratched the surface of the subject, and have probably made more enemies than friends. But I do assure readers that I am a great Dover of oheese, and obviously have likes and dislikes, which it would take a bigger man than I to conceal. Harold Wilsbaw KIM ROMS OH from LONG CLAWSON DAIRY, LONG CLAWSON, MELTON MQWBRAY, LEICESTE RSH9RE. Tell M.M. 822332. mm mm j, i - -' '- -i 1 i -i r ri r rririr fn totmiimmw" m ' ii ini iimi'inm i mi in i i i n , Dutch Dairy Products go down a treat at any time with a slice of fresh bread.Try tasty Edam cheese or delicious Gouda.and there's nothing better than fresh,creamy Dutch butter. For over ninety years Sainsbury's have been bringing the housewife the very best of Dutch Dairy Produce. Dutch is such good quality, such good value, getitstraightfrom Sainsbury's , Saoosbyirwa Mr mmmi ftartlch Cjmwua uarnsnuieaaar. w Enjoy ost. It's the Danish word for cheese. And Danish cheeses are the finest you can buy. Cheeses like superb quality Danish Cheddar, sweet nut-like flavoured Samsoe, and ever-popular Danish Blue (the original Dahablu). TryostforyqurseEIt'sbeau Ask for cheese in Danish. Danish Bfu& 'E Cjfe TE ifcCS Ci'SI 'S

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