The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on April 27, 1959 · 1
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 1

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Monday, April 27, 1959
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PROFILE CUTTING All Shapes All sizes of PJates up to 14 inches Thick DUNLOP & RANKEN LTD. LEEDS MANCHESTE ... of course No. 35.090 MONDAY APRIL 27 1959 Price 3d , Sumrie clothes are good R GUARDIAN A PANAMA INVASION Hunt for fifty men MR K. REJECTS U.S. H-TEST OFFER But agrees with Macmillan's idea on inspection HOPE OF PROGRESS? BY OUR DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENT There were mixed feelings in London last night about Mr Khrushchev's week-end replies to the letters addressed to him on April 13 by President Eisenhower and Mr Macmillan on the ending of nuclear weapons tests. There was disappointment that Mr Khrushchev had rejected though in notably mild words the President's proposal for a phased agreement on the ending of nuclear weapons tests, beginning with a ban on all tests within the earth's atmosphere (about thirty miles up) and under water. On the other hand the studied moderation' of Mr Khrushchev's replies, and the prospect they seemed to hold of a more reasonable Soviet attitude on the vital question of inspection, were regarded as possibly encouraging. They seem to give hope that he was ready to move some way forward on this issue. The Soviet-Premier disclosed that during Mr Macmillan's recent visit to Moscow the British Premier had thrown out the suggestion that both c "Jt it Si Xan;t ' sides might agree m advance on a specinc numoer 01 on-sue mspec- tions which could be carried out each year on each other's territory, M - Khrushchev mentioned that he had adopted a favourable attitude towards this suggestion. Basis for agreement In his week-end Note to Mr Macmillan he said that "of course" the number of such annual on-site inspec- tions " should not be great." Indeed theie was no need for many groups to travel ; to each of the countries concerned. And he claimed that the very knowledge that an inspection S cuuiiuica iivin iJ'us uui. a'W test explosions and running the risk of being found out. In conclusion he said that he was still of the opinion, that this suggestion acceptable basis for a comprehensive aLprt the Soviet delegation at the Geneva nuclear tests nPirrSiaHnn, wi hpPn instrnrtpri to negotiations had been instructed to put such a proposal before the . There was no information in London ast mfht ennrernme thf Ameriean attitude . to Macmillan's. this suggestion of Mr But the suspicion wnich was being expressed, that the purpose of Mr Khrushchev's replies to the President and Prime Minister had been to split the two Western Powers seemed to suggest that Mr Macmillan's proposal had not been well received in Washington. It was also being emphasised in London that Mr Macmillan had. of course, done no more than exchange views with Mr Khrushchev durins'his Moscow visit, and that he had certainly not attempted to negotiate with him on disarmament or anv other question. The U.S. plan President The proposal which Eisenhower had put to Mr Khrushchev and which the American delegation had submitted to the Geneva con- lerence was mis : since me conierence had begun its work at the beginning of November it bad become increas ingly clear that the great obstacle to agreement was the Soviet objections to the measures which the Anglo- Americans considered essential for the establishment of an effective control, system. It had also become clear that a less elaborate control system, 1101 requiring on-sue inspec- tions so disliked by the Russians. could be effective if it was limited to explosions within the earth's atmosphere and under water. Mr tisenhower therefore proposed that the three Powers should try to reach a first-stage agreement banning tence on the veto for the dispatch of nuclear weapons tests held within 50 mobile teams and for rulings on treaty kilometres of the earth and under violations. The stress which Mr water. Khrushchev places on the number of In his letter to Mr Khrushchev Mr the inspection teams being small fore- Macmillan supported this proposal, shadows a bitter conflict with the Both Mr Eisenhower and Mr ?vlae- basic American position. Woomera secrets on plane lost near Nicosia. April 26. R.A.F. planes to-day resumed the search for a British cargo aircraft missing in mountainous Eastern Turkey, near the Soviet border, since last Thursday with secret equipment for Woomera rocket range aboard. The missing plane, a four-engined Tudor Super Trader, on a flight from London to Australia, carried twelve men, all employees of the company. Its owners are Air Charter, Limited, of London. An R.A.F. mountain rescue team and 3 .parachute medics! team are T U R Mas' i.t C, eNV .Mosul 1 V , 7 j 1 R A Q ! omhcsioo standing by in case they are required. A spare Hastings crew and R.A.F. maintenance team flew to Turkey to-day with a forward control party to co-ordinate search operations. The base commander on duty at Diyarbakir last night said the search 'was being concentrated in an area between Mus and Van, within a hundred miles of the Soviet. Iraqi, and Syrian borders. He said a crash landing outside Turkish territory was possible. Last year an American transport plane was forced down by Russian fighters in the same area. ' : ' 'V r millan made it clear that they were as anxious as ever to reach a comprehensive agreement with the Russians under which all nuclear weapons tests would be prohibited for all time. Since the Soviet attitude to inspection seemed to make the .attainment of such a comprehensive agreement a somewhat distant pros pect they were now suggesting an incomplete but useful agreement which could e more easily reached. Mr Khrushchev, in rejecting this proposal, points to results which it could not, and indeed does not set out could not. and indeed does not, set out he pointed out. bring an end to the manufacture of new types of nuclear weapons. Nor, he added, would it put to achieve. It would not. for instance, radio-active material. " An unfair deal " Tne proposed limited agreement would, though, go an important way to achieve this, since the effects of radio-active fall out are apparently most serious when explosions take Ths fa Mr KhrSshehlv ignores'.' place within tne earth s atmosphere. W: mnr,l,nn that anv ,,nh limited agreement as the President proposed would only mislead world public opinion and would amount to an uniair deal. Me was interested ?"Lyti" ,A 5lpt r h;? n Ve!?rfw& and thought that it is Quite possible S,5?!?(.!tf0IS?o f,m of ending tests on the basis of your proposals and ours . . . and to estab lish such a control system as would the, strict enforcement of the cement.. The Foreign Secretary will be talk ing about this exchange or letters in to - days foreign affairs debate m the Commons. ALL A QUESTION OF NUMBERS U.S.-Soviet dispute From our own Correspondent Gknkva, April 26. Whether the Macmillan formula for a maximum number of international on - site inspections per year, which . be tabled to-morrow by the Russians at the Geneva conference. can end the stalemate on nuclear tests will nrnhnhlv Hpnenrl fin hmv bi? the proposed number is going to be. Last summer's East-West experts' conference agreed that there were up to about a hundred earthquakes a year that were undistinguishable irom possible clandestine under-ground test explosions. But as a result of last October's Nevada tests, the number of dubious phenomena, requiring on-site inspection in most cases, was found to be no less tnan ten times bigiier. or about a thousand a year. Thus, while the American requirement for mobile on-site inspection increased, the Russians not only retused to look at Americas rsevada data but also stiffened in their insi; Russia I The aircraft's last sianal was a radio check with Mus, Eastern Turkey. It should have made another call to Van. 50 miles farther on. but failed lo no so. Nothing more has been heard from the freighter. The Air Force said that men of the R.A.F. Regiment based in Cyprus were flying in search planes as observers one of the rare occasions on which the regiment was undertaking duties other than on the ground. The names of the crew of the missing plane are : Operational crew: Captain John C. Bridger. of Walford Hfprts.) : 1st Officer J. Pijanowski, of Bayswatcr: Navigating Officer F3. Edward Hill, of Waltham Cross (Herts.) ; Radio Officer Brian E. Wood, of Selby (Yorks.) : Flight Engineer Colin E. Mason, ot Crowthorne (Berks.) ; and Flight Engineer Anlhonv Fleckncy. of Takeley (Essex) The plane also carried the following airmen who were to have taken over a Britannia at Bahrein: Captain Leonard 1". Siuarl-Smslh. of WesLc'.iff-on-Sea (Essex), Captain William C. Flannigan. of Ickenhsun (Middlesex), First Officer Dennis Frank Todd, of Thames Dttton (Surrev). Navigating Officer Harry Wotter. of Bournemouth. F'iEht Engineer William .1. Liverton. Rayleigh ithe company's chief flight engineer). Flight Engineer Kenneth L. Buckmaster. High Wycombe (Bucks.). Inquiries in Russia It was stated at the Foreign OfRce last night that because the weather over Turkey had been bad for the past lew days it had been considered possible that the Avro Super Freighter might have strayed off its course and inadvertently crossed the Turco-Soviet border. In view of this possibility inquiries had been made by the British Embassy in Moscow. The Soviet authorities replied that they had no information. A message from Tehran says thai the Persian police have begun a ground search in the province of Azerbaijan for the missing plane. The inscrutable Fidel Castro U.S. STILL CANNOT WEIGH HIM UP From Aiistair .Cooke New York', April 26. Fidel Castro finally left the United Stales to-day on a plane from Boston to Montreal, leaving behind him armies of new admirers, a corps of puzzled reporters, a hugely relieved New York police force, and one amateur bomb manufacturer now confined to the psychiatric ward of BcUevue Hospital. The estimates vary on the number of police required to keep him intact, but there were never less than 500 cops on cail and on Friday night it was closer to 1,500 more jumpy police, at any rate, than this city has ever mobilised for the protection of a living man. The care and feeding of Mr Mikoyan. by contrast, was a Boy Scout's job. Now that he has gone, it can be said that the original image of a brave maquis, a beatnik Buonanarte. has blurred into something less purposeful but more engaging. On all public occasions, in his speech to the American newspaper editors' convention, to the Washington press corps, to college audiences, and television interviewers he maintained his reputation for pack-ins the most passion and the least logic into the greatest number of words. Impulsiveness But at close range he is as unlike a Messiah or Fiihrer as it is possible to be. A big, coltish, handsome soldier perpetually apologising to his hosts and protectors for the impulsiveness that made him leap the barricades to embrace his idolalors, or beg to feed a tiger from the inside of the bars, or stand alone under the naked glare of a searchlight before a niciit crowd of 35,000 in Central Park. We know better now what he is like but we still don't know who he is. And the State Department, the American newspaper editors, and the Wall Street investment houses are not much nearer than they were to solving the riddle of his political identity. Presumably Castro himself knows what solid ground, what concrete reforms, lie beneath his swirling floods of rhetoric, but few hard facts have emerged about the purpose of his visit. He brought with him the President of the Bunk of Cuba, the Minister of the Treasury, the Minister of the Economy, and his own private financial adviser. They have been working almost secretly in the background. To the representatives of banking houses, the oil and sugar industries, and the State Department's office of inter-American affairs they unfolded the contents of their briefcases, which may be briskly summarised as a series of dilemmas Communist influence. For example, Castro was financed by the middle classes, which are now frightened of him ; he is being suspiciously fawned upon by the labour unions, which were on the whole pro-Batista and which are now heavily infiltrated bv the onlv oolitical parly in Cuba sufficiently well organised to channel its agents into several strata of society namely the Communists. As another instance. Catro believes that Cuba can become self-supporting only if it cuts its imoorts drasticallv and persuades the United States to renew the sugar quota and so sell at least another million tons of sugar to this country. But he has also just proclaimed a new rent act, which halves all rents below S100 and scales the rest down by 30 or 40 per cent. He thereby hopes to release a flood of spending power, but some of his own Cabinet Ministers have warned I Continued on back page GOLF CLUB SEEKS A LITTLE QUIET Appeal to R.A.F. y our own Reporter The commanding officer of the Royal Air Force station at Woodvaie, near Formby, has assured the secretary of the Formby Golf Club that he will do everything he can to stop Meteor jets flying over the course to-day and to-morrow while the English amateur golf championship is being played. The secretary. Mr B. A. Watt, wrote ' to ask if they could have a little quiet i during the championship so that the J players attention should not be dis traded by the noise of aircraft land- ing and taking oil. The commanding officer. Squadron-Leadcr J.- R. Chapman, said last night that there was flying every day of the week, although less was done on Mondays and Tuesdays than on other days. ine Meteors were at present Hying to the North Wales coast for Army radar trials. The Liverpool University Air Squadron, which also used the airfield, would not be flying al all to-day or to-morrow. He said that they " got the odd complaint " from people about noise, but none had ever come from the golf club before. Whether or not the championship players are put off their stroke by the scream of jet engines will probably depend more than anything else on the direction of the wind. Squadron-Leader Chapman said that they did try to keep away from the course, but they obviously could not stop flying. Unfortunately, one of the runways headed straight towards the course. MANY RUSSIAN FLIGHTS OVER PERSIA Tehran, April 26. Persia has protested to the Soviet Union over repeated violation of her northern air space during the past two months. This is the second protest from Persia within six weeks. On March 16 Persia protested strongly and said Soviet planes had violated her air space eight times in three months. Reuter. THE TECHNOLOGY OF WAR Our Scientific Correspondent is in the United States visiting missile factories, rocket ranges, ,and the he.idquarterb of the military strategists. To-morrow the Science Page in the " Manchester Guardian " wrll be devoted to Ins report from Cape Canaveral on the American defence programme. Panama City, April 26. A Panama Government spokesman to-night said tht the situation in the country was serious as a result of the landing on the rugged San Bias peninsula of between forty and fifty armed foreign invaders, reported to include Cubans sent by Dr Fidel Castro, the Cuban leader, to " liberate Panama.'' The rebel group landed on Friday night on Santa Isabel beach, near Mandinga, and set oil' towards the road-head town of Chepo. thirty miles away, in the centre of Panama's "waist." The Minister of Justice. Sefior Jose Bazan. told a press conference that a National Guard corporal this morning captured three invaders two Cubans and a Panamanian at a place called Nombre doDios, twenty miles away. The remainder of the $? - 0 Mills to group had been sighted by a National Guard air patrol. Dr Castro, now finishing a tour of the United States and Canada, has stated repeatedly that he would not allow revolutionaries to organise in Cuba any expeditionary forces aimed at overthrowing the government of another State, and Sefior Bazan said he had no official information that the invasion boat had actually sailed from Cuba or that any other country was involved. " Part of conspiracy " However , the group involved was " part of the conspiracy and revolt " headed by Dr Roberto Arias, husband of Dame Margot Fonteyn, who has taken refuge in the Brazilian Embassy in Panama City. The Government had communicated with the Panamanian Ambassador in Washington " who, undoubtedly, as soon as he has the required information, will report the case to the Organisation of American States." The 55-foot invading launch had now been identified as the Mavare. The three members of the invasion force were captured single-handed bv one National Guardsman. The men were armed with pistols and two of them carried Cuban passports. The captives were apparently a reconnaissance patrol sent out by the landing lorce. l ne capture was made without any exchange of fire. The Minister said the Government was confident it could control the situation. Asked how Government forces would reach the invasion group in the jungle-covered area he replied : " Don't worry, we will get there and capture them." A patrol of Panams's 2.0(10-strong National Guard, the republic's sole defence force, has been sent to the area, which has high mountains and precipices, heavy rainfall, dense jungle, no roads, and is infested with snakes. A Government statement earlier said it was prepared to suppress " any intrusion on the soil of our motherland" It urged the population to remain " calm and alert." adding that the San Bias people were co-operating with the Government. The Government has for weeks been predicting an invasion by soldiers pf fortune from Cuba, aimed at overthrowing President de la Guardia. A rebel band modelled on Dr Fidel Castro's insurgents has been reported in the province of Veraguas, southwest of here. Offer to Dr Arias There are reliable reports in Panama City that the Panamanian Government is willing to grant Dr Roberto Arias, husband of Dame Margot Fonteyn, a safe-conduct to leave Panama if he will disclose the whereabouts of a large cache of rebel arms. The Panamanian National Guard claims to have .found more than a dozen arms caches near Santa Clara beach, but the Government estimates that some thirty machine-guns and many rifles and ammunition still have not been accounted for. One official said the Government was more concerned about these missing weapons than about Dr Arias. "Imagine what even one machine-gun would do in Panama." he said. Reuter. Britisli United Press, and Associated Press. EX-23604106 REAPPEARS Not worried by barracking By our own Kcporlcr Just one more chance," sang Terry Dene at Derby last night. He was given it enthusiastically at the lirst house, but the appeal was drowned fay the noise in the auditorium at the second performance. Most of it, again, was applause, but this time there was a vocal minority which booed, cut-called, and barracked him. Dene, aged 21. otherwise Terence Williams and formerly 230(14106 Rifleman Williams, whose act is decently and democratically indistinguishable from that of any other young rock V roll singer, was making his first appearance before a live audience since his recent medical discharge from National Service, lie had been slipped In as a " guest star " for the Dickie Valentine show at the Majestic Cinema, Chaddesden. The young men who barracked him mostly wearing Edwardian dressy shouted " Get back in the Army," " When's your leave up, brother ? " .and " Drop dead." They slow hand-clapped and chanted "Left, right, left, right. . . ." Dene, however, went on with his act, apparently secure in the support of the majority. Afterwards, he said : "I think, considering, it was wonderful. It's Ihc best reception I've had for ages. I thoroughly enjoyed it." The barracking had not worried him in the least. The Star cinema circuit of Leeds, which awntt ttie Majestic, icemed Injured potholer rescued after nine hours FALL 450FT. BELOW GROUNt) : HAULED UP SHAFT IN NYLON SLING BY OUR OWN REPORTER Castleton, Monday, 1 30 a.m. A potholer who had fallen nearly 450ft. below ground in Maskill Mine, near here, was hauled to safety at 1 10 this morning after rescuers had been working for nearly nine hours. The accident occurred shortly after 4 p.m. yesterday. The pot-holer, John'Keens (21), of Buxton Road, Whaley Bridge, was hoisted up the shaft it is a near vertical, interrupted at several points by sloping sections in a nylon sling, helped at each point by volunteer cavers working i'or a rope ladder. Keens was fully conscious, but pale and exhausted. It was thought that he had a broken ankle. . He was strapped to a stretcher on a sledge and eased down the hill to ambulance. a walling Keens was one of a party of five members of the Eldon Hill Pothole Club, a Buxton group, who descenaed Maskhill Mine for a " routine explora- Hon " early yesterday afternoon. Keens, like his fellow-members, is said lo be a fully experienced pot4ioler. The mine, the site . ot an old lead working, descends vertically to 4oyn. in a series of about six steps. At its narrowest it is about 5ft. wide and at many points it broadens out into large caverns. So far as is known there is no way out at the bottom. Sheer drop On the six vertical pitches a rope ladder is used for descending ; on the sleep slopes between them the potholer has to scramble down on a lifeline, file shaft is fairly well known to pot holers. It is regarded as an " arduous " rather than a difficult one. At about 4 p.m. Keens and his party had reached the last vertical ipitch before the bottom a sheer drop of about 80ft. down which a waterfall tumbles. Keens led the way down this last pitch. When he was about ten feet from the bottom where the ladder enaeci 1-i.eens iransrerrea ms weignr io the lifeline round his waist. He swung slightly because of the length of rope and the lifeline was cut on a sharp projecting edge of rock. Keens fell and was believed to have broken an ankle. PRINCESS HAS A COLD After Rome holiday Paris, April 26. Princess Margaret, who arrived here last night with Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, on the way . home from a five-day visit to Rome, rested this afternoon at the British Embassy with a cold and sore throat. She stayed at the Embassy while her mother drove through the chateau country outside Paris, but felt well enough to attend a dinner given by the Embassy to-night, which was attended by leading Frenchmen, including M. Debre, the Premier. During her stay in Rome, the Princess twice danced until dawn. She had six meetings in five days with Prince Henry of Hesse. After dancing until 5 30 a.m. on a Saturday morning, the Princess managed to fit in a farewell visit to Prince Henry. STATE CONTROL OP U.S. UNIONS Bill through the Senate Washington, April 26. The United States Senate has adopted with only one dissenting vote a bill designed to shanen the teeth of labour laws and help to drive criminals and racketeers from the unions. The bill would require the unions : to make detailed financial reports available for public inspection ; lay down the procedures for union elections and secret ballots ; limit the terms of office of officials : prohibit from holding office for prescribed periods any person convicted of serious crimes ; and require employers to make public reports on activities designed to influence labour disputes through the use of intermediaries and in other ways. EARTHQUAKES IN TURKEY fsrANSUL. Al'KIL 26. About n hundred houses were wrecked and six hundred damaged yesterday by earthquakes which struck four localities in Mugla province, south-western Turkey No casualties were reported. Reuter. to be expecting trouble and provided itself with just about every defensive measure short of nuclear missiles. Dene himself was smuggled into the cinema early. Fifteen managers were brought in from other cinemas on the circuit all over the North of England. The police came accompanied by a jeep-load of military police. And there were first-aid contingents and arc lights waiting at. the front of the auditorium to be turned on for the riot scenes. But there was no riot. Dene in a drape jacket and skin-tight trousers appeared unnannounced just before the interval. He sang songs with titles like: "There's no fool like a young fool," and " How do you think I feel ? " He looked, in fact, as though he felt pretty well for a man who has been medically discharged from the Army. When he waggled his knees (which he did approximately every second verse), the girls in the audience screamed deliriously over and over again, as though it touched a nerve in them. Afterwards, a girl said : " Oh, he's smashing S " Some ot the others were more critical. They said : " Well . . . the songs are all right." And one young girl cried with fierce adolescent contempt : "lie isn't much of a man if he can't do his 'Ann v.'" A rather hosfi'e rrowrl gathered outside the cinema at the end or the second pprlormanco and the 1'ma.l desperate remnants did not disperse until J 1 p.m an hour and a half after it had OrMieri. While his friends made him comfortable one member of the party, David Allsop, was sent to fetch help. It took him about half an hour to get to the surface. From there he had to run half a. mile down the hill to the potholers van and then drive to a farmhouse near by, where' he found about ten other potholers having tea. The police were informed by telephone and by 7 30 p.m. Mr John Thompson and Mr J. C. Gilbert, of onemeiu, lucai ieaaers oi me. t-ave itescue organisation were on tneir way to . take charge. Also alerted were ambulance and fire services from Buxton, and the R.A.F. Mountain Rescue Unit from Harpur Hill, Buxton. Its medical officer, Dr John Carter, who took a prominent part in the Peak Cavern rescue, and Dr is.ersnaw, oi aneuieia Jtoyai innrmary, were also soon on the scene. " Not worried " Meanwhile Keens was said to be in good spirits. A member of his party, John Needham, said : " We were never reailv worried and Keens was certainly not particularly bothered. He was a bit annoyed, with himself tor falling, but it was not his fault, of course. By the time the other rescuers arrived the four of us had hoisted him nearly half-way up the shaft to one of the sloping bits. When the main rescue party arrived Dr Kershaw went down the rope ladder to see that Keens was all right and the injured man was trans- ferred to a nylon sling for the last 250ft. of the haul. On the last stage to the surface the hoistine could be done from the mouth of the shaft "where, on the open hillside, about tnirty supporting rescuers, police and ambulance men awaited to help by the light of hurricane lamps. The (pothole is only a quarter of a mile from the Peak Cavern the scene of the recent unsuccessful attempts "to rescue Neil Moss. America's growing army of young offenders Washington, April 26. One boy in live between the ages of 10 and 17 .in the United States has. already been before "a court for misbehaviour, according to the Senate Juvenile Delinquency Sub-committee. The committee also said that 12 per cent of the total youth population of the country boys and girls had been brought before the courts and charged with delinquency. In a report to the Senate, it said that the number of boys with delinquency records exceeds 1,700,000 and predicted that the number will reach and pass the two million mark " in the not too distant future." Mr Thomas Hennings, the committee chairman, noted that the problem was concentrated in the schools. For that reason, he said, his committee would propose ' new laws to help the schools. The subcommittee quoted the following case : " A 14-year-old Brooklyn schoolboy was sent to court after instieatins and presiding over a kangaroo court within me scnooi. ne was apprehended wmle nlacing a noose over the head of a student .defendant, carrying out the veraia ui ms couri. aeatn Dy Hanging. The boy was returned by the court to the same school within a. week." British United Press. BULAWAYO : The year u1B88. The leading figures in what is to prove memorable Dice ting are fco to face. On an old brandy case aits Lobengula, King of the Matabele: opposite him in Chorlea DnneU Rudd who has come to penuade the King to sign a concession allowing an English company to work 'all the metals and minerals in his kingdom. After a suitable display of regal intransigence, Lobengula duly signs and the way in open for Cecil Rhodes and the British South Africa Company to develop the territory which today forms Southern Rhodesia. The modern town of Bulawaro dates from 1893 and takes its name from the Zulu word ulralawayo meaning 'luHed'-thereby' providing a grim reminder of ihe fate of a rebellious neighbouring tribe in the earhr 19th century The Bulawayo of today however is concerned rather with growth and expansion. With an estimated population of 145,000 it is now the principal heavy industrial centre of the Federation. The Banlf firmt branch in Rhodesia team opened more than SO years ago Today over 80 office throughout the Federation keep us in constant touch with the latest local commercial developments. Business men who tcish to benefit from this expert knowledge are invited to get in touch with our Intelligence Department at 54 Lombard Street, London, E.CJS. BARCLAYS MORE PAY OR LEISURE? A.E.U may set pattern From our Industrial Staff E astbou rne, ' Sunday'. This year's conference of -the Amalgamated Engineering' Union, which opens here to-morrow,, could well lead to a crucial development in the attitude of the trade "unions towards claims for higher ..wages. Can the twin goals of more pay and a shorter- working week be attained simultaneously in a period when the Cost-of-living Index is comparatively steady and unemployment - is :high ? Or must the first be temporarily put aside for the sake' of -'concentrating every ounce'of negotiating strength'on the second ? - The answer given by the leaders of the busworkers was that demands for shorter -hours should-receive priority over money this year. , Since then, the general secretary of the Transport and General Workers, Mr' Cousins;' has repeatedly spoken of . the .urgency of achieving a 40-hour week; ' Will !the representatives of the country's largest and most influential engineering union now turn this straw, into.'a signpost ? Executive's plan - V Most of the .A'.E.U.'s Executive Council certainly. "favour -this, course, and it is expected that they .'will use strong arguments .to persuade; ; the conference to adopt it. If this happens the pattern of negotiation in Britain's, basic industry will probably have been settled for the next year or two at least. Since February, when the Industrial Disputes Tribunal refused to make anv award either for or against the con-. reaerauon s ciaim lor . snorter nours, it has been acknowledged by" some leaders of the confederation that the best hope of success . with the employers would be to make a deal on wages. .This deal, it. is said, would be to offer a standstill on demands for higher wages so long as the cost of living remains stable in return '.for a gradual -reduction of the present 44-hour week. ' -" At Eastbourne the A.E.U. Executive has, at last', a fair chance of winning over the union's delegates. For the first time since the war the agenda contains a number of motions stating specifically.that hours given priority over wage- claims. The diffi-fultv hprp anrl ?c f-nrrhirinhTA. anH one on which supporters of the idea of a " quid pro quo " with the employers could easily founder is . that -while four of the union's 26 divisions, regard the shorter week . as -'" of .primary importance," only one has been consistent enough to refrain; from also tabling a demand for a. rise in-pay. Double thinking Seventeen of the divisions have submitted motions calling for increases ranging from " substantial " to as high as 30s a week. The most .flagrant example of this double thinking comes, as might be expected,, from North London, the district committee of which, led by Mr Reg. Birch, is controlled by the Communists. There will, therefore, be a struggle between those who want more money and more leisure, and those who. argue that it is impossible to have both. How hard and how public the dialectic will be depends upon a domestic question the election for the presidency of the uniun of which first and, perhaps, final details may be announced on Wednesday. If the reigning president, Mr Carron, has been elected on the first ballot and defeats his chief opponent, Mr Birch, by an impressive majority, he and most of his executive council men will probably urge their case with the maximum power. If. on the other hand, it turns out that Mr Carron has not a complete majority over all the candidates so that a second ballot must be held, he will be more circumspect. t' BANK D.C.O.

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