The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on July 8, 1965 · 1
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 1

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Thursday, July 8, 1965
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Best gifts .of all time THE GUARDIAN Manchester Thursday July 8 1965 WARDOMA BLADES II JEWEL SWISS 1. EVER WATCHES Inctbnc SHOCK PROTECTED Hrcnmoir tided ptitn t 5 tor 11- 10 tor 4- 37.013 Price 5d fhnma WxtA A tm lid., f IUi fl. Shffffr M I Of W Government will allow clause to stand Art tangles with French Justice From our Correspondent Paris, July 7 A distinguished trio from the world of art and literature Picasso, Bernard Buffet, and the novelist Roger Peyrefitte have tangled this week with French justice. Today the score stands at one Buffet's success after six and a half years' gallant effort being offset by Picasso's second failure to obtain the seizure of Frangoise Gilot's " Life with Picasso." Whether art or justice carries off the final honours depends on the verdict tomorrow in the attempt by three members of the Rothschild family to obtain the seizure of Roger Peyrefitte's popular book "The Jews," in which naturally they figure, but not in a way to their liking. 'Mutilation' ROUND OWE; Bernard Buffet's refrigerator : In 1958 to help a children's charity the artist painted the door and sides of a refrigerator with appropriate still-hfe subjects-apples, fish, vegetables, and so on.- At the auction Buffet's refrigerator was bought by a Swedish "philanthropist" who then detached the painted panels and sold them as "metallic paintings by Buffet." The indignant artist appealed to the courts to prevent the 'mutilation" of his work, and for the symbolic franc's damages. In four different courts he has won his case. The Court de Cassation (Supreme Court) ruled today that the earlier judgments were correct, inasmuch as the painted refrigerator " constituted a unity in the subject chosen and in the manner in which they were treated, and that the removal of the panels by the buyer was a mutilation." Memoirs HOUND TWO: The intimate life ,of Picasso : The 84-year-old artist has failed for the second time to get a Paris court to seize the French edition of his ex-mistress's memoirs, in which he claims he is represented as "superstitious, sadistic cruel, proud, and double-dealing." With a Solomon-like wisdom, the .Court has ruled that "the secrets of Francoise Gilot con-cernir.j her intimate life with Picasso are half belouging to this young woman. In publishing her 'memoirs, it would be difficult for her, not to say impossible, to utilise these secrets without involving her partner.'' Lest Picasso find this decision too painful the Court kindly, added: "This work far from defaming the great painter reveals him as a man of astonishing interior richness and an extremely attractive figures. It contributes therefore to a certain extent to his glory better even than an official portrait would have done." Anecdotes ROUND THREE: The anqer of the Rothschilds. Roger Peyrefitte's witty, but at times savage, book on the Chosen Race, has aroused the ire of the Rothschilds, to be precise lime Bethsabe and JIM. Guy arid Edmond, who find themselves unwelcome targets in several passages. For the defence, M. Peyrefitte (a cousin of the Minister of Information) and his publisher, Flammanon, plead that it is merely a question of wellwom anecdotes about the famous family which have lona been doing the rounds of Paris society. One of them is the hoary joke that R F stands not for Republique Francaise but Rothschild Freres. The judgment will be given tomorrow, but M. Pevrefitte looks like being confronted bv a series of libel actions by other irate characters in his book. However, on the commercial side. he has certainly won, because since the book came out last week it has sold at least 60.000 copies. On other pages Arts review 8 Chen problem S Churches 9 Crossword 21 Examination result .......... I Finance and Industry 12-1 t GUARDIAN SURVEY: Ponrr transmission 75-J5 Home news 2-5. 7, 8, 22 Homer 2 John Grigs 22 Law report S Leaders and letters ID News of the North 4 Oversea) news 11 Parliament . 2 Sports report 6 TV and radio 2 Weather Forecast 21 Classified advertising Senior and Extculhc ... IS. 20. 21 Public 1" Full indix : Revenue loss not worth further argument By FRANCIS BOYD, OUR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT Mr Harold Wilson, who is said to have learnt only at breakfast yesterday of his Government's defeat on the Finance Bill a few hours earlier, Tiad decided by 10 30 a.m. that it would not try to remove the new clause which Conservatives and Liberals had carried against it. Mr Wilson reached this decision after half an hour's talk with the Leader of the House, Mr Herbert Bowden ; the Chief Whip, Mr Edward Short : and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr Callaghan. They agreed to accept the clause on two grounds that rejection would take too much time, one day for a debate on a motion toi recommit the Bill after report stage, and another to debate the motion for rejection ; and that the loss of revenue involved was not worth more argument. The clause Is intended to secure for investors in investment trusts or in unit trusts the same position under the Finance Bui that investors m o t n e r enterprises would have. No advantage During the report stage on Tuesday night and yesterday morning the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Mr John Diamond, while resisting the clause stated that there was no marked advantage to the revenue whether it was added or not. It is now said by the Government that if a serious loss to the revenue would result from keep ing the clause, Ministers would certainly have provided time to secure its rejection. The Inland Revenue was unable yesterday to estimate the loss to it from the clause. The Conservatives, in a statement. claimed their victory as a valu able new protection for the small investor. The Tories say the Bill, as first published, would have penalised investors in unit and investment trusts through the operation of the capital gains ta. Trusts would have had to pay corporation tax at a rate of 35 or 40 per cent on their capital gains, whereas if their members had invested directly themselves, thev would have had to pay an absolute maximum of 30 per cent and most would have paid much less. Sir Alec Douglas-Home issued a statement about the effect of the Opposition's success which suggests he is taking the affair rather humourlessly. "Tonight," he' said, "Mr Wilson's boast that the Labour Government can force any measure through Parliament, however damaging to the economy, has been exposed as an empty boast." (Sir Alec's prose attributes Conservative No excuses over kindly deed that failed By IAN Kind hearts and simple souls in the Labour Whips' office were the cause of the three Government defeats on the Finance Biil. No attempt was being made last night on the Government side to gloss over the success of the Conservative " ambush " with complaints of broken pairs among the Conservatives or Labour chagrin Labour back-bench chaqrm oier the defeats was indicated 1U a motion last night sponsored by Mr Hugh Delargv (Tlwrrock) and sinned hi orei twenty backbenchers irlut'Ji read: "That tins House prohibit the ringinq of division bells in private housei. fiats, and dribs." indiscipline in Ihe ranks of the Labour Parly. It was frankly admitted that m a gullible moment of humanitarian ism, a group of elderly and sick Labour backbenchers was allowed home unpaired, m the beliet that no further divisions weie likely. The decision was taken soon after midnight by Mr John Silkin. the Government Whip in charge of pairing, after he had conducted a personal count of tlr number of MPs on both sides in the House- His tour of the Palace of Westminster showed 165 Labour members against only 33 Conservatives ! -Mr Stlkin, a highly popular ' figure in spite of lus difficult job. ', Open champion in the lead The lengthened Royal Birkdale course had no terrors on a still day fur A. Lenin, fiom California, who began his 72 holes in the Open golf championship yesterday with a round Df fiS. In second position at the end of an entertaining day in which cameras clicking away caused more disturbances than the wind, was C. O'Connor (Royal Dublin) and. in third were J. B. Carr (Sutton) and A. Palmer (US), Pot Ward-Tftomoj, page 6 judgments to Mr Wilson's tongue ) In fact yesterday's defeat had nothing whatever to do with the merits of the argument over the taxation of unit tiusts The Opposition's victory was tactical. The fact that the Government was defeated three times in succession means no more than that the Opposition had a majority at that time in the morning. And they had a majority because they had bamboozled a tired enemy. But, for the Conservatives, there was special import in the occasion. Mr Edward Heath, " shadow " Chancellor, leading the campaign against the Government in the House, chose for his final putsch a clause dealing with the dearest subject in the heart of the chairman of the Conservative Party, Mr Edward du Cann . unit and investment trusts. Mr du Cann, it u to be hoped, will not forget, when the time comes, who it was that led the Tones to victory Censure motion deliberately delayed By our Political Staff There was some surprise among Conservative MPs last night that the Opposition Front Bench had not tabled a formal censure motion following on the Government's defeats. It appeared, however, that this was a deliberate decision by the Opposition leaders. After a discussion of the tactics arising from the defeats the Shadow Cabinet decide d to reserve a fullscale censure motion until later. When it is tabled it will deal not only with the Government's failure to maintain its majority in the Commons but also with a catalogue of other alleged failures It will mark the end of the " kid glove" period of opposition and the beginning of a much harder line. AITKEN now admits that he ought, perhaps, to have sensed danger in these all-too-reassunng figures. But he had been told earlier by the Conservative Whips that the Opposition's three-line whip, winch had been effectne thiough-out the night, was being lifted to allow pairing. He had also seen substantial numbers of Conservative MPs flocking to the car park, and had later been reassured by the news that the Opposition Whips' office was no longer bothering to register pairs. The evidence, he believed, was that it was safe to relax Urgent culls In the event, Mr Silkin's consideration for his less vigorous colleagues was a failuie on all counts When the (ruth dawned on the Government Whips, urgent 'phone calls were made instructing meinbeis to return at once An extraordinary race then took place to reach the Palace of Westminster in time to save the Government further humiliation One who went home was Mr Emanuel Shtnwelt. the 80-y car-old chairman of the Parliamentary Labour Part Mr Fred Willey, Minister of Land, a neighbour m Hampstead Garden .Suburb, was released to act as Mr Shinwell's chauffeur. When the alarm was raised, Mr Willey -fa Continued on back paqe Runway runaway By our Correspondent A pilotless aircraft with six passengers careered 50 yards and smashed into an air liner at Blackpool last night. Mr Cyril Dean, of Sutcllffe Street. Bolton, was one of the passengers for the 15s-a-head pleasure flight around Blackpool Tower with his daughter Janet, aged 2 "The pilot was starting the plane from outside when the engine roared into life and shot 3way knocking him down with the wing. I was terrified in case the plane took off and tried to reach the instrument panel bi the safety belt held Uproar in city debate on schools By our own Reporter Labour's plan for comprehensive education in Manchester secondary schools was approved by 71 votes to 29 by the city council yesterday after a rowdy debate. It lasted for four hours and at one stage police were called by the Lord Mayor, Alderman Bernard Langlon, to escort Conservative Councillor Arnold Burlin from the council chamber. Councillor Burlin had refused to sit down during a noisy interlude when a number of councillors were on their feet. When order was lestored he persisted in arguing with the Lord Mayor, and eventually left the chamber with a sergeant and constable. He was still shouting "1 won't be gagged. God help the poor ratepayers." It was the second tune since he joined the council two years ago that he has been escorted out by the police. Demonstrators Before the council meeting began about 250 pupils from some of the local grammar schools demonstrated outside the town hall against the comprehensive school plans. A small group was allowed into the public gallery but had to leave their banners outside. During the debate, Councillor .7. Goldstone (Lab.), said he grieved to see children being whipped up in this manner for partv political needs lie was shouted down bv opposilion protests It is proposed that 29 comprehensive schools should be set up : 23 for pupils aged 11 to IS e ilher in large, single schools or existing buildings in the same area The other six fall into two groups, each consisting of two junior compre-hensives and a senior comprehen sive to which pupils will be transferred at 14-plus Talks with Churches The proposed comprehensives will replace the 63 secondary schools c o n t i o 1 1 e d bv the education committee Councillor F. Hatton the com mitlee chairman, announced yes Icrdav that discussions had alreadv been held with the Church of England authorities. who were " most anxious " to co-operate, and a meeting would be held with the Roman Catholic diocesan authorities on Monday, A report on the1 place of the voluntary and direct grant schools would be made lo the city council soon. j fDclasfmg moves fail, back pnqe? More tribal unrest in W. Uganda F'iom our Correspondent Kampala, .July 7 Violence has again bioken out on a 'ii ge scale In Toro King dom. Western Uganda where two tribes have been igitating for three years to break away from the Toro Administration and form their own local Government One man was killed when police opened fire after fighting had broken out between some 500 rival tribesmen at Lake Katwc. me back. Then we crashed into the big plane," he said. The other passengers, Mr C. Isherwood, Heath Avenue, Summerseat, Bury ; Mrs W. Clough, Heath Avenue. Summer-seat : and Mr and Mrs J. C. Zulkin, of Rook Street, Barnolds-wick, were treated at hospital for shock but later allowed home. The other aircraft was a Viking on a regular Blackpool-London service. The only person on board was the second pilot, Mr John Crew. "Another five minutes and we would have had 22 passengers on board," he said " All 1 heard wae a terrific bang." By Jove, he's still here ! ! Economic plan likely by mid-September First two years ' the hardest ' BY OUR OWN REPORTER The Government's five-year economic plan is expected to be published about the middle of September. The sentimental target date is Mr George Brown's birthday, September 2, but this, may well prove a movable feast. The National Economic Development Council spent most of a 2: -hour meeting yesterday studying aspects of tne pian. a turtner meeting has been arranged for August 5, when it is likely that a draft of the plan will be discussed. The council has not previously met in August, and had intended to take a holiday next month Officials are satisfied that enough information has now been gathered for a first shot at the plan. Mr Brown's view is believed to be that the plan should be rolled forward a year at a time, with an interval for reassessment and revision as it goes along. The Secietary for Economic Affairs is apparently insisting on aiming for a 25 per cent growth in the economy by 1970, and accepts that the first t" years will be the hardest. One of his mosl serious problems is that unless labour is used more efficiently industry would need something between 350,000 and 500.000 more workers to achieve this rate of growth The NEDC discussed this yesterday, but refused to take too pessimistic a view. The plan will attack ue labour problem from several sides at the same time. Inevitablv there will be pressure for labour mtensie industries to become more capital inlcnsne. The prnduc-hvilv drUe in eeneral will be stepped up Regional development Bisley major disqualified for life Major Robert Boyd, who at Bisley Camp yeateiday was declared "for ever disqualified" fioiu competing at an National Kifle Association meetms for firing too many shots, said lasl night " I regard it as a ternblv harsh decision for a erv. verv minor offence which is going on at other Bislev ranges " He wanted time to think about appealing against the decibion. He had not attended the meeting of the Bisley Committee on Tuesday night, he said, because of a misunderstanding o-er the time of the inquiry. Major Boyd, of the Ito al Army Pay Corps training centre. Worthy Down, near Winchester lives at St Cross, Winchester. The committee was told that on Tuesdav Major Boyd fired 11 shots instead of 10 in the snapshooting session, and 12 instead instead of 10 m the lapid-fire section Showcrings bid 9m, for Harveys of Bristol ShrmennQs. the " Bahvcham " and " Sanatogen " group, is making I a bid worth about 9 25 millions j lor Harveys of Bristol, the wines , and spirits firm I Hane.vs oidinaiy shaies were ' maiked up 4s .3d to ISs on the , London Stock Exchange yester-! day in response So news of the cash-and-snare otter, w n i c n values them at ISs 4d The chairman. Mr George McWatlers, commented that the bid was very low and would probably provoke 3 counterbid. Harveys is seeking advice from Lazards. the merchant bankers. Details on pane 127 Sir Barnett will not stand again Sir Barnett Stross. Labour MP for Stoke-on-Trent Central, and former Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Health, announced yesterday that he will not be contesting the next general election. will be given an inci eased priority. Retrammu facilities will be expanded, probably with a substantial injection of Government money. Mobility, both between industries and between places, is regarded as critical to the plan's prospects, and the unions may expect a steady dnp of official, though informal, approaches to revise their ideas on demarcation and training. Little Neddies The NEDC also reviewed the work of the 14 " little Neddies," which between them cover nearly half of the 18 5 million people employed in private industry. Their range ts to be extended into five new sectors, bringing their coverage to three quarters of private industry. The new councils will chaperone the motor industry, agriculture, textiles, hotels and catering, and printing and publishing Finally, on the initiative, apparently, of its officials, the NEDC is encouraging its experts lo continue investigating alternative ways of stimulating investment by taxation incentives Corporation tax wilt devalue the present incentives, and the Chancellor has already said that he, too. ts seeking effective replacements Call to bomb missile sites in N. Vietnam From our own Correspondent Washington, luly 7 The Republican leader in the House, Mr Gerald Ford, in a broadcast interview today called on Ihe President to order Ihe bombing of the Soviet missile sites in North Vietnam before they could lie used against American aircraft He also appeared to support Mr Bairy Goldwater's presidential campaign view that the decision on whether to use nuclear weapons ought to be left lo the military commanders But it is probable that few Congressmen will agree with him on these points. Some S.OOI) LS Marines are now being landed at US ..bases in Vietnam, laising the strength of American forces in the coun-tiy lo fiu.OOO. More than 2,00!) waded ashore todav at the Da Nang base, while another 4.000 are waiting to follow them, and 1,1500 more landed at Qui .N'hom. Big S. African contracts for British firms Johannesburg. July 7 Two British firms, it was announced hcie. have been awarded conn acts worth i'7.5 millions, for the erection of plants in the complex of African Explosnes and Chemical Industries Ltd, near Johannesburg. The Slockport firm of Simon-Carves has won contracts worth 6 millions for the erection of a four-unit installation, said Mr R. du Toil, the development manager of African Kxplosives Humphreys and Glasgow, of London, has been awarded contracts worth 1 5 millions to erect three plants Renter. No confirmation A spokesman for Simon-Carves, questioned about this report, said : " We have got tenders in with the company, and discussions are going on for the supply and installation by us of chemical plant and equipment. I cannot confirm this particular order." Aircraft not to be grounded An examinatioii ol the control systems r( the RAF's 40 Hastings transport planes before their next flight was ordered yesterday by Mr Denis Healey, "thi Minister of Defence. Mr Healey told the Commons that the pilot of the Hastings which crashed on Tuesday, killing the 41 servicemen on board, had rcpoited control difficulties before going off the air. An inquest on the men was adjourned at RAF Abingdon yesterday until August 11 to allow a board of inquiry to complete its report. Statement promised Mr Healey rejected an appeal for all Hastings aircraft to be grounded until the findings of the inquiry were known. He said Ihat he had considered holding tlie inquiry in public but there w ere legal obstacles. He promised a full statement once the findings were complete. He agreed with Mr Christopher Soames, " shadow " Minister of Defence, that the Hastings had an " excellent low accident rate " and added that it was only half as high as that of most RAF aircraft. Lord Shackleton. Mimsler of Defence for the Air Force, repeated the statement In the Lords. Both Houses joined in sending condolences to the relatives. US Senate backs cigarette warning Washington, July 7 The Senate has approved a Bill lequirmg that all cigarette packets should bear the label : " Caution : cigarette smoking may he hazardous to your health " Reutei. CNBERIH UElJtuUKt s nsir I'i 1 H API i ,rJE wir 1 INC. TON AUCKLAND cemTCuvRCB NH-KOS' BUMDIM cisaon-ii NU'IEF, I1ASTLNCS DLSEUL-: AUSTRALIA AND HEW Soldier trapped in pothole By our own Reporters A Manchester lecturer dived four times into a Derbyshire pothole last night in an attempt to find a junior soldier who failed to surface after an adventure training course. The soldier was Junior Private John Kenneth Paul Stevens, aged 1G, of the Infantry Junior Leaders' Battalion stationed at Oswestry. His home is in Edmonton, London. Dr Ken Pearce, lecturer in metallurgy at the John Dalton College, Manchester, and one of the world's most experienced polholers, made three earlier dives of five minutes each. Getting; dizzy' After his fourth attempt he emerged at 1 30 a.m. to say : " I have searched up and down both sides of the cave and in the middle and found nothing. I had lo come out as I was getting dizzy through the extreme cold of the water." He added that after 90 feet the passage narrowed and he could not get any farther because of his air bottles. He thought it was just possible for a desperate swimmer, searching for air, to have got through the narrow gap. As Dr Pearce left, rescuers moved in to assemble two' large pumps and an electric generator to try to reduce the water level. Police said they feared that Stevens had taken a wrong turning in Carlswark Cavern, near Stoney Middleton, and was trapped in a long sump about 200-ft. from the entrance. Skin-divers had searched but could find no trace of him. Mr David Allsop, of Buxton, who was directing the rescue, said water would be almost up lo the sump roof. He said the youth was known to have had a candle and on his first trip in he (Allsop) found a candle in the sump. Dr Pearce had been climbing with a friend at Standish when police called for him over a loud hailer. He had his diving equipment with him. Dr Pearce was a member of the British team which penetrated 3,681 feet of the Grenoble caverns. Rescuers were early this morning trying to contact other cave divers to stand by. Sheikh killed by gunmen in Aden Aden, July 7 Three gunmen shot and killed Sheikh Nasher Abdullah al Sqladi, ruler of the Sha'ib sheikhdom, here tonight. Ten rounds from automatic pistols weie fired at him while he was leaving his car opposite his residence. About two months ago Federal troops launched a military action in his sheikhdom against dissident tribesmen. In another district of Aden tonight the driver of the Federal Trade Minister, Ahmed Firweesh, was shot dead by an unknown assailant. Reuter and British United Press. G-oiiig to Australia or New Zealand? Your trip will be all the more enjoyable if you take these free travel guides with you. Prepared by die Australia nd New Zelnd Bank, they give just the kind of informauon isiior is glad to have. Together, they cover all the principjl cities of both countries, and each includes s clcarly-mirked map of the particular city and suburbs concerned. You are very welcome to any of the guide you need. We'll be pleased to give you other helpful information, too, tbout emigration, industry, trade and finance. Write or telephone toiity. ZEALAND BANK LIMITED htad oma : 7 1 cox-smiL, lOndok, e.c.3 Avenue i;8l 0TK :COO BRANCHES AXD AGENCIES

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