The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on November 16, 1983 · 1
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 1

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 16, 1983
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LEGGE 5'LEVER SECURITY LOCKS 8.5.3621:1880 Gpl some real proteellon fiorn Printed in London and Manchester Wednesday November 16 1983 23p Kinnock hurls 'US lackey' charge at Prime Minister in furious clash oyer; 'ahrdl :of mis3iles- Denktash's UDI declaration 300 held is reco in cruise protest at Commons By Ian Aitken and Martin Wainwright More than 300 people, were arrested at Westminster last night as peace demonstrators blocked the entrance to the House of Commons for the second night running. Earlier 141 women had been arrested at Grcenham Common as a Kecorid Starlifter transporter plane flew into the base. At Manchester University, the Defence Secretary, Mr Michael Hcseltinc, was splattered with paint and eggs were hurled at hiin. One group of the Westminster demonstrators sat down in the ' two- entrances to New Pictures, back page ; Parliament, page 4 ; Russia keeps West guessing, page 6 ; Welcome for cruise, page 17 Palace Yard and the gates were closed to keep them out of the precincts of parliament. The blocked entrances are used by MPs and their visitors. Hundreds of police were brought into Parliament Square as the demonstrators, maiijiv women, moved in and some' women were taken away .by coach. Early this morning charges were being preferred. The protest and arrests followed the first genuinely vigorous clash in the Commons between the Prime Minister and Labour's new leader Mr Neil Kinnock. He accused Mrs Thatcher of accepting an inferior status in the alliance with the United States. Several MPs .went outside parliament to watch the demonstrators, who good-naturedly sang anti-cruise missile songs to the music of drums and tambourines. Traffic around Parliament Square was diverted. After seeing the demonstrators removed, Mr Robert Atkins, Tory MP for South Ribblc, said : " If it is raised tomorrow in the Commons I shall have great pleasure in defending the police. They were superb." Labour MPs are, however, expected to criticise the way the demonstrators were taken away. Mr Bob Clay, Labour MP for Sunderland, north, said : "The way the police pushed into them and arrested them NEWS IN BRIEF Activists freed FOUR Welsh' activists were freed yesterday after a 10-week trial and two-year ' police investigation into Welsh bombings. Back page Demo 'fine' WARWICK University students' union has - been "fined" f 30,000 after a demonstration during a visit by Sir Keith Joseph, the Education Secretary. Page 2 Former MP dies RUSSELL KERR, aged 62 the former Labour MP for Felt-ham and Heston, collapsed and died at the wheel of his car in Twickenham last night. The weather DRY and sunny. Details, back page. Preserving the Niip'';.iipiiag0. By John Ezard . The Department . of the Environment has tenderly saved for the nation one of the few surviving examples of Art Corrugated, a school of architecture vhich 'flowered briefly between Art Nouveau and Art Deco. In Yeovil, the school is also known as Art Decrepit. For there the department has ruled that a Nissen hut style council house must be preserved for posterity as being of " special architectural and historic interest." The ruling yesterday proved frustrated for Yeovil district without warning is an absolute disgrace." . Later Mr Clay complained to the Speaker. He claimed that the sessional order obligation to keep the access to Westminster had been abused by the police. Police reinforcements who arrived to move the demonstrators carried their own banner, black with white lettering reading : " You are causing an obstruction. Please leave the area at once." The banner was used several times to. block the view of camera nien . taking pictures of the demonstrators.. Inside the Commons Mrs Thatcher flatly refused to describe the circumstances in which she and President Reagan might agree to the use of cruise missiles based on British soil. But she claimed that it would be a joint decision which was "tantamount to a British veto." Mr Kinnock clearly angered the Prime Minister by accusing her of failing to understand the difference between partnership in Nato and being " a lackey of the American President." The exchanges emphasised the gulf between Mrs Thatcher and the new management of the official Opposition. Mr Kinnock rose more than once during Prime Minister's questions, demanding guidance about the circumstances in which Mrs Thatcher might agree to the use of the cruise missiles jiow established at Greenham Common. The Prime Minister replied that she was unwilling to answer such a question. on. the grounds that "it" would be immensely valuable to the Soviet Union to know the precise circumstances of such arrangements. The Labour Government had not done so, and neither would she. Mr Kinnock told Mrs Thatcher that there had been times when it was possible to accept her credentials on multilateral disarmament, but recent events had shown that they were no longer genuine. Mrs -Thatcher replied in the best traditions of humourless repartee. "You are talking absolute rubbish," she told Mr Kinnock. At Greenham the demonstrators were arrested after sitting down and linking arms to block two gates. They, too, sang. "Today is a day for Turn to back page, col. 5 Arafat's stand YASSER ARAFAT and his Palestinian loyalists appear to have repulsed another offensive on the Baddawi refugee camp in Tripoli, Lebanon. Page 6 Cuts disguised THE Government is planning to change rules covering investment in new council housing to' disguise spending cuts due to be announced tomorrow. Back page Market moves POUND up .0005 to $1.4855 ; FT index down 0.1 to 727.3 ; Dow Jones down 6.10 to 1247.97. Markets, page 21. INSIDE Arts, reviews '. 9 Business & finance 19-21 Classified advertising ... 12-16 Crosswords 25. 26 -Guardian Women 18 Home News 2-4, 26 Letters 10 Overseas News 6-8 Parliament 4 Society Tomorrow 11 Sports News 22, 23 TV & RADIO 24 ENTERTAINMENTS 24 PERSONAL 25 council, which wants to knock it down, and for the tenants, Mike and Sue Martell, who find it cold, damp, and draughty. The new addition to Britain's heritage is a concrete structure erected in 1925 with a curved, cbrrugated asbestos roof. It is based on the world war one huts designed by Colonel Peter Nissen for military camps. Yeovil council . commissioned several, expecting them to cost 350 about 100 cheaper than other- council houses. But the first two cost 515 and the council abandoned the scheme. However, the department has SPRAY JOB: Mr Michael Heseltine, the Defence Secretary is shaken as protesters outside Manchester University's students' union throw paint at him (left) and is helped inside by a detective after the paint (right) found its target on his coat and hair - Paint, eggs and jeers greet Heseltine "How irresponsible spraying Michael . Heseltine . with paiht-Mke that. Those aerosols do untold damage to the ' earth's ozone layer." No problems as nuclear warheads arrive By David Fairhall, Defence Correspondent The camouflaged Starlifter which landed at Greenham yesr terday almost certainly carried the cruise missiles' nuclear warheads each no bigger than a wastepaper basket but with an explosive power many times that of the bomb which obliterated Hiroshima. The presence of nuclear weapons is something British defence officials will' never confirm or deny (a characteristic piece of Whitehall secrecy Intelligence staff to face lie detectors by Richard Norton-Taylor Whitehall has bought six polygraphs lie detectors for the Government Communi-' cations Headquarters at. Cheltenham, one of its '. most sensitive intelligence establishments. . The first' lie tests on the machines will be carried out early in the new year, despite opposition from staff. According, to an internal GCHQ memo, an official has been appointed to supervise the initiative, pressed on Whitehall by the US in the wake of the Geoffrey Prime spy case. He will . take up his new post on December. .1. At first, .the lest will be , restricted to what, are referred, to as " very senior officials.': " The first, indication that the Government had bought' the' polygraphs from a Chicago-based company called Stoetling was given yesterday by directors of the National Polygraph College,-, an establishment set up earlier this week near Cambridge. .Mr Bob Jeffreys, one of the I founders of the college, a train just upheld Somerset County Council , environment department's view that the house is " an important example of an experimenta, cost-cutting design aimed at producing cheap housing, between, the wars." A county council spokesman added, " Our concern is not with, the interior, of. the house or its convenience as a home--bUt with its historic or architectural role in the community." The ruling, forbids alterations or extensions to the house and severely limits fabric -repairs. If it becomes a By Michael Morris RED paint was squirted on Mr Michael Heseltine when he arrived to speak at a Manchester University Tory students' meeting yesterday. At the meeting the Defence Secretary struggled to speak against a barrage of heckling. Mr Heseltine approached the student union building, flanked by Special Branch officers, at a brisk pace, and when he reached the steps amid boos and claps, he turned aside to shake hands with a supporter. It was then that a young man lunged forward and aimed a plastic missile at Mr Heseltinc's head.. It splattered the minister's face and .hair with a turpentine-based paint, which covered the side of his face aric back of his head, and dribbled from his chin on to his shirf. ..... While Mr Heseltine was having the paint washed out many of the 800 students in that can sometimes be justified on security grounds, but sounds absurd in this case, since the Tomahawks cannot become a credible, operational deterrent unless they have their warheads ready nearby). However, yesterday's circumstances speak for themselves. This was only the second Starlifter to arrive at Greenham and, unlike the first, it' was not apparently carrying missiles the packages were smaller and of a different shape. Yet- they clearly required exceptional security, since the aircraft tax ing and importing agency, said last night that he had nothing tp do with Whitehall's plans. He was interested in the market for lie detectors in the private sector. The Foreign Office, which referred inquir-iries to a spokesman for GCHQ, said that polygraphs we're a matter for Sir Robert Armstrong, the Cabinet Secretary, who is responsible for security. It did, however, point to Mrs Thatcher's statement earlier this year that lie detectors would be used in a- pilot scheme to test their feasibility, as the security commission had recommended in its report on the Prime affair. ' But Civil Service unions, some of which are threatening industrial action at Cheltenham,, argue that polygraphs-are unreliable and a potential threat to civil liberties. Whitehall sent two security officials to the US-in the summer for training in the- use; of the polygraph, possibly at the American Army school. in Alabama. '. Lies of the land, page 17 danger to the public Yeovil council would have to. hold a public inquiry before being allowed to demolish it. ';'-:;. The council has decided to appeal against the decision. "At first we thought the listing was a' practical joke' the housing ... committee - chairman, Mr Tom Sidley, said' yesterday, "It contradicts the laws :of conservation; The building; is an- eyesore." ' Mr Paddy Ashdown, Liberal MP for -Yeovil, said, '.' The bureaucrats have lost their marbles. They've finally, gone bonker,'-' side the hall chanted among other things, " If you all hate Thatcher, clap your hands," to the tune of " She ' was coming down the mountain." Miss Jo White, the student union general secretary, announced on the platform that Mr Heseltine could not get through because there were " a million people on the stairs." To . loud clapping she added "There are 800 of you wanting to hear him one way or another. Wc are trying to find a way of getting him through." . Mr Heseltine, - who had been due to address the students at midday, finally appeared on the platform at 12.52 pin and was greeted with a few shouts of " Murderer" as he took hold of the microphone. - He was wearing a shift borrowed from a . police inspector. As he.. spoke -,b'e "ducked to avoid eggs thrown at him. There was a furious scrim ied quickly. to the entrance of the inner wire fences surrounding the missile hangars and underground bunkers where a cordon' of armed troops and armoured ' cars . even heavier than Monday's surrounded it as it was unloaded. A US Galaxy which landed earlier was still unloading when the Starlifter touched down. In the USAF's original delivery schedule the warheads were to have arrived on the first aircraft on November 1, so as ,to have them safely tucked away in their bunkers Dads Army star dies By Nicholas de Jongh, Arts Correspondent. JOHN LE MESUR1ER, whose woebegone face, cool voice, and air of perplexed foreboding brought comic relief to scores of post-war British films, died yesterday" in hospital in Ramsgate. He was 71, and had been in poor health for several months. " Mr Le Mesurler, who was first married to the late Haitie Jacques took an insouciant attitude to his career. "You know, the way you get Jobbing gardeners ? Well, -I'm -a jobbing- actor. I don't mind if I spend a day on a film, or two months. As. long as they pay me I Wouldn't care less . if ' my name . Is billed above' or below the title," he once said. It was not until 19G9, and the advent of Dad's -Army, that his gifts of quizzical understatement and doleful anxiety found their reward. As Sergeant Wilsn he .became a star. .. In the forties and fifties his seemed, to be the face that flitted- through - almost every other . English film, while helping to make the Norman Wisdom comedies, and .. a set - ' of . Boultlng brothers movies more worthwhile: . Mr Le Mesurler left strict instructions about his : obituary with his second wife, Joan- He wrote It 'out for the Times, and it said: Johii Le Mesurler wishes It to be known that he conked out on (date). He sadly misses his family and friends. '"He. used, to laugh at obituaries," his wife explained. " He thought It was funny, all that:' slipped away peacefully ' and. ' gone : to sleep'." Appreciation, pojc 9. Leader, comment, page 10' mage at a door where students trying to squeeze into the hall. Chanting and abuse, was countered by cheers from about 200 Tory students occupying about the first 10 'rows. Bodyguards stood on '-the platform when Mr Heseltine began a 10-minute ' speech, much interrupted but which included the words : "If I could . . . say first of all . . the single . most priceless asset of' a university is the freedom to speak and think what you want. ." I must say to those who have tried to prevent this meeting taking place that I am a representative of a government that was elected by the British people. You will not stop us or silence us by the rule of the mob." Mr Heseltine told the audience' that:, securing .an agreement on nuclear weapons through, the negotiating Turn to back page, col. 6 .before any large-scale demonstrations could . be organised outside the gates. This was changed after the plan's publication in the Guardian and the rearranged delivery now seems to have been completed without any' real problems. It was the warheads that the Defence. Secretary, Mr Michael Heseltine, particularly had in mind when he warned MPs that under some circumstances women demonstrators might, be shot if they got too close. break-in inquiry By Garcth Parry Police and Customs officials at Heathrow airport are conducting a top-level inquiry into an attempted robbery at the weekend in which thieves came within grasp . of millions of pounds' worth of heroin and other dangerous drugs. The break-in at the main customs warehouse near the international terminal, happened after the central alarm, system had been switched off by officials tired of. its constant ringing in the night. The breakrin has seriously embarrassed . airport security chiefs because of .the implication that It was organised, by individuals with a close knowledge of -the secret alarm systems. The incident occurred last Saturday night after an officer had disconnected the alarm linking the -Queen's Warehouse with the Heathrow police station. This had. apparently become a. regular practice each evening, because 'of the number of false alarms to airport police in the ' middle -. of the night- The.' robbers were- able,., to walk into the .warehouse but their plan was :aborted .when a device linked , directly : to,: the alarm company's headquarters signalled a malfunction' -and sent a' message - saying ." engineer required." -'. ' This 'device is 'not- in itself an alarm system, but the would-be robbers knew enough, about it to seek it out and listen carefully for its soft " bleep." So they were able' to escape from the. warehouse before police, responding to. a call' from the', security: company, arrived. "' ' : ''': ' The robbers, ware also able to disconnect all the emergency telephone lines through- j out the airport before entering Turn to back page, coL 21 by Turkey From Thomas O'Dwyer . in Nicosia and Michael Simmons "The Turkish government, after recovering from initial' shock, announced that it would recognise the new Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, declared by Turkish Cypriots yesterday in their own parliament in Nicosia. Mr Rauf Denktash, the Turkish Cypriot leader, and Mr .George Iacovou, the Cypriot foreign minister,' are planning Leader comment, page 10 ; Republic of surprise, page 17 to fly to New York, they have asked the United Nations to postpone the Security Council debate on the declaration until tomorrow or Friday. Washington called on the Turkish government to withdraw its recognition of the new republic, created after Turkish Cypriots asserted that it was their right "to live in freedom and independence ". In the Commons the Foreign Secretary, Sir Geoffrey Howe, said that Britain recognised only one republic of Cyprus and had urged the Ankara government not to associate itself with the Turkish Cypriot move. The US State Department urged a .boycott of the new, " republic " and backed the efforts of ' the UN Secretary-General as the best approach to settling the Cyprus problem. The Greek Cypriot leader, President Spyros Kyprianou, called a meeting of his ministers and was quickly in touch by telephone with Mrs Thatcher in London and the Greek Prime Minister in Athens. The move was officially condemned by the Secretary-General of the Commonwealth (of which Cyprus is a member) and by the United Nations' special representative on the island. . In northern Cyprus, Mr Denktash, addressed a crowd of several thousand,' telling them England fans rampage England football fans travelling to a European Championship match in Luxembourg rampaged through Belgium yesterday, leaving several casualties. About 50 drunken fans fought a pitched battle in the streets of Ostend after arriving by ferry in the early hours. Four people were treated in hospital for fractures. Police had to call reinforcements to qUell the trouble and held 15 fans for identity checks. Later, a group of English supporters beat up a Belgian Doucement... FOR GENTLEMEN that Turkish Cypriots were extending their hands in peace and friendship to Greek Cypriots. the proclamation "will:not hihder, but will facilitate the establishment of a genuine federation," he said. There was little outward sign of celebration. Government offices were closed for the day, and schools shut till the end of the week. The politicians adjourned for seven days, after which they will discuss the adoption of a national anthem and flag. The- most surprising aspect of the decision was in the timing. Ever since, the "peace operation " of July 1974. when more than 20,000 Turkish troops invaded 30 per cent of the island, Mr Denktash has been talking of declaring independence. The declaration yesterday can therefore be seen as a calculated move by Mr Denktash to strengthen his hand internationally rather than a serious attempt at total UDI. The 150,000 Turkish Cypriots have their own parliament, government and defence force, but they depend on Greek Cypriots for most of their electricity and water supplies, and on Turkey for security and financial survival. Letters to Turkish Cypriots still have to arrive through Mersin, in southern Turkey, though those from the island do carry Turn to back page, col. 8 : -sSL.'W- Limassol , Akrotin ' - ' ' SO Miles ' railway employee in the southern town of Arlon, near the Luxembourg border. They were taken off the train by police but allowed to leave later. A handful of English fans were also arrested in Luxembourg after allegations of drunkenness, shoplifting and minor damage in the city centre. About 2,000 English fans are expected at tonight's match. Luxembourg has a police and gendarmerie force of only 800. Shopkeepers and residents have been advised to close their shutters. jfetER 5HA i

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