The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on October 14, 1980 · 7
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 7

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London, Greater London, England
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Tuesday, October 14, 1980
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7
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OVERSEAS NEWS THE GUARDIAN Tuesday October 14 19S0 Election issues: Alex Brummer oii-yrying approaches to US economic crisis unites and divides candidates ALL THREE of the serious presidential candidates in this vear's election including the in- . . CUmbent iresiaent carter. agree that something has gone dreadfully wrong with the American economy. Productivity is falling. Infla- lion remains stronu despite Draconian monetary policy. Un- employment remained high in recovery and has risen higher in recession and for the first time in modern history real in- comes in the US have been fniiiniT To eneh of the candi- dates the source of these econ- ablems are buried in .: differing economic pnuoso- pmes. For the Republican candi- , innri "nltl hom ua is a iana. piacea ncre between t ie two sreat oceans i.. T4 placed here to be found by a unanial linrl nf nennlp i i 1 i k 1.,, Scratch tne surtace 01 mis TTnlnn r-1- Un nannln frnm iVin burdens of tasation and regula- tion and they will work their hearts out. Eliminate wasteful Israel raises hopes on autonomy From Alex Brummer in Washington American officials yesterday expressed optimism about the new round of Palestinian autonomy talks which open here today among the US, Israel, and Egypt. The US's special ambassador on the Midle-East, Mr Sol Lino-witz, was said to be pleased with the " positive " proposals put forward by one of the Israeli negotiaters, Mr Chaim Kubersky, during bilateral talks with American officials at the weekend. However, a spokesman for Mr Linowitz said that the two days of talks at Blair House were unlikely to produce any immediate breakthrough. Mr Kubersky, who is deputy to Mr Josef Burg, Israel's chief negotiator, presented a paper to the Americans on Sunday, which explained Israel's attitude on the questions of land and water rights and the powers and responsibilities of the self-governing body on the West Bank. The paper was thought to reflect the more concilatory Israeli position which has been evident in recent months and partly instrumental in getting the peace talks moving again. This has included a delay by the Israeli Prime Minister, Mi-Begin, in moving his office to East Jerusalem and an end to Israeli settlements when the current four under construction are completed. Officials say that -this week's talks will be largely concerned with clarfying the Egyptian and Israeli positions on the substantive issues, as well as preparing I he way for a possible three-way summit, attended by President Sadat, Mr Begin, and President Carter, after the US presidential elections. However, there has been a great deal of gloom among American officials about the prospects for the autonomy talks given the war between Iran and . Jraq and Jordan's support of the Iraqi side. This, it is argued makes it almost impossible for Jordan to join the autonomy talks at a later date, as the Americans had hoped, because of Iraq's identification with the rejectionist Arab states who have strongly opposed the Camp David accords. UPf adds from Jerusalem : More than 12 members of Mr Begin's governing coalition yesterday announced their support or a proposed bill that would annex the occupied Golan Heights of Syria. The political committee of the Opposition Labour Party was to debate today whether to give their support to the controversial proposed legislation, which would follow the law which declared Jerusalem the ' united capital " of Israel. After the severe international reaction to the Jerusalem bill, passed on July 23, which included the transfer of 13 embassies from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem, some Israeli politicians believe the time is not proper for legislation to annex the Heights. But Mr Vigal Cohen, of Mr Begin's parliamentary Likud block, said that he had gathered support for the bill among a wide range of MPs. He plans to introduce it during the winter session of Parliament, which opened yesterday. New York Jews jeer at Carter Fiw Alex Brummer New York with a speech which The "Jewish community, in 1976 with the . exception of in Washington expressed US devotion to which in the- past has been Virginia. "resident Carter yesterday Israel, and made it clear that loyal to Democratic candidates The survey' shows that Mr went to New York to court the the United States was strongly for the Presidency, has shown Carter's attacks on Mr Reagan Jewish vote, but found it diffi- opposed to a PLO state. In his reluctance this year to endorse have created such a backlash cult to get his message across bid for the Jewish vote, Mr Mr Carter, largely because of that the two candidates are because of a loud demonstra- Carter also condemned the re- the US voting record at the running almost neck and neck lion by orthodox Jews claiming cent terrorism against Jews on United Nations. In New York, throughout the region. Accord-he had " sold Israel out " the streets of Paris, and said the independent candidate, Mr ing to the polls carried out by The group of protesters led he would not rest until the last John Anderson, has been pick- the Darden research group, Mr by Rabbi Abraham Weiss, Russian Jew was free to emi- ing up disaffected Jewish sup- Reagan leads Mr Carter in the claimed that the President had grate from the Soviet Union. port, although recent polls area by 44.5 per cent to 41.3 " embraced the Palestinian Libe- As Mr Carter was trying to show that the President has a per cent, a potentially disas- ration Organisation." It burst speak in New York, a new poll clear lead over Mr Reagan in trous outcome for the Presi- mto hostile cries of " You sold published in Atlanta showed the state. dent. us out, you sold us out" and that the President's fortunes in But the vulnerability of Mr The pollster, Mr Claiborne " Liar liar," when Mr Carter his native South are sagging Carter's position three weeks Darden, said that Mr Anderson attempted to explain his badly in response to his recent before the election was clearly was not a factor in the South, Administration's policy on Jeru- sharp campaign attacks on his on display yesterday, in the and that Mr Carter had salem - Republican rival Mr Ronald new poll of the southern damaged his own cause, by The President had gone to Reagan. states, which Mr Carter swept accusing Mr Reagan of racism. Government spending arid you will eliminate inflation. ' " .' It is -the economics :, of the 1 1 1 1 Tl 1 1-.. ' Classical SCHOOL 11 lias; ueu. nurtured in the US at the prlv- ate isector university: ot souin- em California by .Professor Arthur L'affer and cast into a politically accepiaoie mouia Dy the stalwarts of Republican economics like Mr Alan uieeii". mi and Mr George Schultze all of whom were officials in the Nixon or Ford Administrations. s To the Carter wiuie wouse economic policy is no longer within the control ot presi- ,!., Tnfl.tii, ic cnlrlnm in. uems innwion ;c uul-bu iiiiciiicin.v, uui imiiuiKu through oil prices from out- inHnetriol h i rnrin. inausmai oaae . a -uiis-- quence of the swing in manu- . i ti, r4 ,..o iu ttc 4 T.,i,.,n r, era from the US to Japan and Wnt Onvmanv Fafert witli n smaller economic caKe tne Innnnr ihn lnvnrr . nf great society legislation. Government expenditures must be aimed at restoring Ronald Fritsch (centre) and Half Ileinders offer a lolly to " the bourgeois press " before receiving sentence in Berlin yesterday. On the left is Gerald Klopper Six gaoled in West German kidnap case From Siegfried Busehschluter in Frankfurt rn nf thn Innnnvt fnm-t une 01 uil ioiiy.si iuuii cases in West German history, the so-called Lorenz-Drenk- mann trial yesterday ended in no-nn ,.nii,' nri-enn sontpnrps nF Berlin witti prison sentences or between five and 15 years for the six accused and the release of Fritz Teufel one of the i.-r,,i LnH ,.nn(rm.pr. m.i !,?,. if nf, . ns of ihp rolmfn ItMrtoni rnhP?Wnn uuman siuutni iluhuuii. Mr Teufel was found guillv of membership of a criminal organisation, theft, as well as aiding and abetting, lie was sentenced to five years in gaol, but left the court a free man having served almost five years in custody. The other five accused were found guilty of involvement in Clerks end stoppages From Clyde Sanger in Ottawa The first strike by Federal Government clerks ended, after two weeks, when they ratified a settlement that gives a 24 per cent wage increase over two years. The strike brought many operations across Canada to a halt. Toronto airport was in chaos for some days, four-fifths of the country's mail service was held up, and international trade dropped to one quarter its normal level when customs clerks were not processing documents. A settlement was reached during a 31-hour bargaining session when the Treasury Board President, Mr Don Johnston, offered the Clerks 4 per cent above a conciliation board recommendation. The total increase raises the average annual salary from S12.800 (about 5,000). to $15,900 economic health; then perhaps the welfare of the - poor and needy can be . attended to.. The ' A . 11.1. . L V. pain, iu ictuvejy is. uuruugii' mis revitalisation of industry. 'This can De acnievea utrougn a new partnership, anic-hg'' govern- ment, labour, and industry. . Mr Anderson's economics are m0re of an enigma. There is the kind of faith in the ability or- government to turn imngs around." which does not exist in the Carter White House-" . , -: r r:Z' - J"1 l" maiI:,I f . fm itf -taw on Venues irom excise taxes On drink and tobacco, to finance t, rpstnratinri nf the inner e1" be solved by raising HlO tax on nptrol. inflation ran he snlverl YC""y, rTniipv through an incomes policy based on taxation. This outlook with its empnasis on uovernmeni xnier- rfovnoeiQn anr.nnm.PC ' Tint dissimilar to that which Sena- tor Edward . Kennedy was preaching through to' the the kidnapping in February 1975 of the chairman of the t i r .-i i t : 1...:..:.. Tn.nn vca- eiuu mi&Lidu uciuut- rats peter Lorenz. Half Re- inders and Til Meyer were 'sentenced to 15 years, Ronald Fritsch to 13 years and 3 months, Gerald Klopper to 11 years and 2 monthSi and Andreas Vogel to 10 years in juvenile detention. Both Re- inders and Vogel were , acquit- totl of a charge of killing the Berlin Judge, GUnther van Drenkmann. The presiding judge blamed the Berlin Senator (Minister of tne imerio.) for the fact that u1e court had been unable to clarify the murder of Mr van Drcnmann in November 1974. -p ne Minister had refused to produce evidence to support the credibility of the principal prosecution witness, an in- former of the counter intelli- Talks on missiles to start this week From UPI in Geneva have been told only who will US-Soviet talks on limiting led,TSriS If ft long-range nuclear missiles in .ceterM Europe will begin on Thursday scPe ? na J" ' ca n JJf ?8 reea or Friday, Western officials TTUtH 1 at t m fv said yesterday. Both sides are 0 da b has been set emphasising the preliminary hc SALT II treiftv siened in nature of the talks, which are The S. ALT II tr eaty signed in designed only to define the S ' VSt Brezhnev scope of later negotiations. kfyTeen "raUflld by Neither the American nor the US Senate, the Russian delegation had NATO is prepared to con-arrived in Geneva yesterday, sider a modification of its nuc-but they were expected by lear missile modernisation mid-week. Delegations will programme 0n condition that comprise senior foreign policy Moscow accepts a reduction in and defence experts, with the the number of its already-US team led by Mr Spurgeon deployed SS20 missiles tar-Keeny, deputy director of the ge(cd on Western Europe. Arms Control and Disarma- while NATO has no land-ment Agency. based nuclear missile deployed Both Washington and Mos- in Europe capable of hitting cow have kept their diplomatic targets inside the Soviet missions in Geneva in the dark Union, the SS20, with its three about the preliminary session, independently-targeted nuclear expected, to last several weeks, warheads, 'can reach any point On the US side, local officials in Western Europe. inflation, unemployment, oil prices, taxation, and welfare Democratic Convention. ' But the Liberal's approach is scarred, by a.' commitment, to a l.'HHn;J'l1ll.jnn' 4l.n 1 r- i umautcu. uuusci, uic iaoi it- maining ;: vestige of 20 years spent in -vongress as a conserv- ative-from Illinois. . Translated into actual policy propu&ais. me umeruig pmioso- phies of :the candidates begin tpb ur around the edges. This ove to; the Right as the elec- tion has progressed and the &nJ& ffJSf'M? ."s .uw oaLnit, !!Lmove tnrougn M rar. 'anH lWr nsmin .ZZiiY. ,uw "." "J'h'j economics of the 1980s, which tf. International Mnnetarv ."" , 1una- MT trier s cui-pncc c'nni ciJ. n,ni .nnck4c enmo taa. hiiiinnc nf t,v rinr. lions in 1981. the larger part or wmua wiu go mwaras neip- mnrlpm nlanfr ailfl TYiaMlillPrV Mr Reagan, who got to the supply side lirst, Believes in the broader stroke. He warmly gence cervice. Altogether the court questioned 348 witnesses .. i : .1 : .. l r . i mm CAauuiieu uiaicwai iuuii 1 in safe houses, garages, stolen cars, and on the accused, According to the judge, there was no doubt that the accused belonged to the terrorists June 2 Movement. The court found that Re- inders, who was regarded as the leader of the group, was to blame for the reckless execu- tion of the kidnapping of Mr Lorenz. which led to the r- lease of several imprisoned ter- rorists. There was uproar in court when the sentences were read out. Five spectators were sen- tenced to three days in gaol for disturbing the proceedings, Two of the accused, dressed up like punks, were excluded from the trial after they exploded a detonator, spread confetti, embraces the Kemp-Roth Bill which would reduce taxes across the board by 30 per ........ 4 L ...... vanKC Tili.- tciii. uva mice jcnia., general tax cut, in the Reagan view, would unleash reserves of, productive skill : which would help to make America greaL agam. Mr Anderson would play around with the tax system. Revenues irum a uig ia un petroi at the pumps would be used to finance reductions in social security taxes, which are rougniy ine equivalent oi National Insurance in Britain. in ew taxes woum db raiseu im PiKtnm: anri ovpisp. to nav fnr New taxes would be raised on T w, .ffii. " """"" spending projects. . the United States is that infla- r ton is tne result 01 uuugei ue- finite e . if vnn haianne the TtuHost vnn oiim nate infla. tion. Not surprisingly, there- iore, an inree .-auuiuaLe Mamh thlR VPflf whPYI til ft financial markets were reeling wnn nyper-innauonary , lears, Jimmy Carter embraced what started a fire, and squirted ink all over the bench. m 1 1 :.t. leuiei, wuu came up Willi a surprising alibi for the time of the Lorenz kidnapping near the end of the trial, yesterday lived up to his reputation as a political clown. Dressed in a dinner jacket with white shirt and a red bow lie and blue peaked cap on his bald head, he quipped to journalists' that they would be in trouble if they did not show him on tele- vision on the main evening news in colour for at least 10 minutes, After his release, which left him with " mixed feelings," he said that one could have the impression that the German justice system was " all right." That, however, was not the case," he said. The trial lasted more than 2J years and cost the taxpayer some 2.5 million. Hero spaceman ready for Mars From Reuter in Moscow The Soviet cosmonaut, Valery Ryumin, who returned to Earth at the weekend after a record 185-day space mission, said yesterday that he thought man was capable of longer voyages, and that he would willingly fly to Mars. Tass news agency said Mr Ryumin and his flight commander, Leoniu Popov, were alert and eager to talk in an interview at the Baikonur space centre in Central Asia. Both men gained weight slightly during the mission, but their lengthy confinement in the cramped Salyut 6 splice laboratory did not seem to have weakened them seriously. There's nothing has always been-a strong plank of Republican party platforms, n Was a short-lived honey- fTll 1 x . I- muon. me sion killed the notion stone dead. This year the budgets defi cit will be, $60 billion which is precisely the figure wnicn canamaie carter roasted President Ford for in 1976. To the voters on November 4 wnat is reany important is their perception of how the economy is working. The polls say that the economy is the most lmnortant issue on the mind of the electorate. F h f j j Aueust . i. ",u"1 ul.."'.ulJ; August and September it looked as if the economic issue was coine j"mmy Carter's way But m the last month mfla- tin m.,:,Q,i k, "." prices, has beeun to soar. The economic tide has aeam turned Mr Regan's way. The m-"" "1C "cvca: SKIilS 10 13 Ke aflVantaCe OT a disastrous carter record with- uui cajjuwub n wearaess. Next : The Supreme Court Two more wives for Mailer From UPI in New York NORMAN Mailer, the author, whose divorce from his fourth wife was recently finalised, is reported to be preparing to tie the knot again twice. He intends to marry the jazz singer Carol Stevens, the mother of his nine-year-old daughter Maggie, divorce her, and then marry his present consort, Norris Church, the mother of his two-year-old son, John Buffalo, the Daily News said yesterday. Mr Mailer's lengthy striving for divorce from the actress Beverly Bentley, ended on September 24, and news columnist Liz Smith said that his marriage to Miss Stevens, who lived with hiin for seven years, will occur " in the immediate future ... to honour the years he and Carol lived together as man and wife when they were unable to marry." Miss Stevens, Miss Church, and Mr Mailer all agreed " it's best for Mailer to make matters legal for Carol and their child," the paper said. "Norman and Carol will then get a civilised divorce to be followed almost instantly by Norman's marriage to Norris. This then will honour his years with Norris." The newspaper quoted Miss Church, who has lived with Mr Mailer in Brooklyn Heights since 1975. as saying : " It is a bit disconcerting and upsetting to think what people will say. Nevertheless, I am behind Norman's decision, and I understand why he feels he must do this." Kim's son promoted From Reuter in Tokyo KIM Jong II, the 38-year-old son of North Korean President, Kim II Sung, was appointed to a major committee at the North Korean Communist Party congress yesterday, a further sign that he is likely to succeed his father. The congress appointed a committee to draft a report on the functions of ' the party's central committee, and the North Korean Central News Agency reported that Kirn Jong II was the first to be named to the committee, immediately after bis father. On Saturday, Kim Jong II was introduced as fifth in seniority in a 29-membcr executive board organising the congress in Pyonsyang the first to be held by the party for 10 years. It was reported from Seoul meanwhile, that South Korea's military-backed Government has detained more than 46,000 people in an anti-corruption campaign. Say it in style. as stylish as a telegram. AocL ther es .nothing easier than phoning it in. Nine presse for joint curbs on Jap an From John Palmer, European Editor, in Brussels Relations between the coun- repiace the present patchwork tries of the Common Market of national trade arrangements, and Japan are poised to take a sharp turn for the worse as "I hope the meetings with European industrialists demand the Japanese will mark the sweeping protection from beginning of a slightly better Japanese imports. relationship between Japan and Speaking 24 hours after ?.TBHC?ffit h?Mhas French manufacturers and existed in the past, he said. West German trade unions had For its part, the Commission called for curbs on Japanese would like to trade the aboli-car imports, the president of tion of nationally negotiated the EEC Commission Mr Roy trade restrictions against Japan Jenkins, said he was deeply for an across-the-board agree-disturbed about Japan's in- rnent by the Japanese to re-creasing trade surplus with the strict exports in sensitive European Community. sectors. At the same time, the Commission officials attached Seslfirmslake biBer to the original EEC vision of fSmlnt sTake in Euronfan free trade are increasingly ifflS Sf 'g the?ent worried about the pressure a"oUnMment ; thSt Nissan was building up in Europe for pro- Duvfnuncf fn the Italian tectionism. The EEC already &meo roin rased an on steel and textiles from out- Tl.iian side, but, as the economic re- mJlan hrn- . , t cession deepens, other Senior officials are not confi-industries notably cars, foot- dent that the Japanese author-wear, chemicals, synthetic tex- ies understand how serious tiles, and some electronic the situation has become in products are asking for Europe and will warn Mr similar protection. ?ukl.ta that; without action on At the weekend. Renault, the t EEC3 as a largest French motor group $ud aGe "?edJtei"p.5?.Sovet nny, will take direct acton to "":"L . u : KZ , .1 value of the yen to boost exports to Western Europe, adding: "We in Europe are n attl,uue in loky .s,?en facing competition from a sys- l have become more militant tern which has none of our about .European complaints values." It said that the EEC ?nd.,th,IS couki . mae fr should insist that Japan res- b"s,0,H,f,,, tricts its car exports, and that SI0n official said yesterday, the Commission in Brussels For their part, the Japanese had been too slow in acting. Government, and Japanese in- At the same time the West dustry are convinced that GefmaS6 SSSAuK "aSuf "he fCltradheaSDol?cresySin SfS? SmiF" $ES 2 3533 &&o SS-SVSK5 - -pinpa-n fflrl.T?JS. cannot bc blamed on imPrt the West German market. controls, since Japan now has A number of countries such a more liberal trade regime as Britain and Italy, already lnan Europe, but on the rela-have agreements with Japanese tive unattractiveness of Euro-industry to restrain their pean products, exports, or bilateral controls The conflict between Euro. on imports. pean ancj japanese car firms is Speaking at a press conier- one factor which is forcing the ence in Brussels yesterday, Mr commission to become more Jenkins said that, later this generally involved with the month, the Japanese Foreign problems of the industry. Al-Trade Minister, Mr Saburo though no policy for cars Okita, would visit Brussels for exists, such as the " anti-talks on the trade crisis with crisis" measures for steel, the EEC. Mr Jenkins said that there is speculalon that the the Commission would demand new Commission which takes action by Japan about its " bal- 0Vcr next January will be Iooning trade surplus," which is asked to propose policies to now expected to reach S8 bil- j,elp with the modernisation lion, with the EEC. and reorganisation of the Euro-Mr Jenkins said that he pean car industry. Sri Lankans braced for political violence From Francis Ashborn decision against Mr Bandar- in Colombo anaike, a former finance and Members of the Sri Lanka justice minister, because he Freedom Party have reportedly has been found guilty of cor-threalened to prevent Presi- nipt wn. but it will support dent Jayewardene. and the Mrs Bandaranaike, who will con-Prime Minister from attending tinue to lead the party, even if Parliament, on Thursday, when she is stripped by Parliament penalties will be considered of her civic rights and mem-against the former Prime Min- bership ot the legislature, istor and leader of the SLFP, The armed services have Mrs Bandaranaike, and her been put on a general alert nephew. and about 4.000 policemen Freedom party members also from all over the country will threatened to march on Parlia- be brought to Colombo ment and to shed blood in the At his meeting in Colombo streets, Mr Jayewardene told a yesterday. Mr Jayewardene meeting in Colombo yesterday, warned that those who made Now security measures are the threats of violence should beinir taken to avoid violence do so knowing the conse- when Parliament meets to con- quences. "They may influence sider a resolution to deprive innocent people to break the Mrs Bandaranaike. and her law and lead to riots and viol-nephew, Mr Felix Dias Bandara- ent disturbances. Some naike, of their civic rights for offences against the Stale are seven years. punishable with death." Mr Bandaranaike may also be expelled from Parliament after having been found guilty by the special presidential commission which investigated corruption and the abuse of power under the SLFP govern- ment Public meetings and dc- monstrations in the city of Col- ombo have been banned from today and three ministers and 10 government MPs who are abroad have been ordered to return. The SLFP executive has de- cided not to agitate against the trade hoped the nine EEC countries would agree on a common trnrlp nnlipv invvnrlc .Tnnan tn reduce Japanese imports . r , , . ., . ., The trouble is that ,thc cur- Mrs Bandaranaike has been found guilty of the abuse of nower and Mr Bandaranaike was also found guilty of cor- ruption. The writ of the commission investigating the SLFP, which comprises tnree judges oi tne Supreme Court, has been extended to cover the first three years of the present Gov- eminent. Mrs Bandaranaike and her nephew have filed papers in the Appeal court, cnauenging the findings of the special pre- sidential commission.

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