The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on March 28, 1964 · 1
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 1

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Saturday, March 28, 1964
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TH F GUARDIAN Heed TudMiH KEYPOINT VENTILATION for better air Futl range of 55 mm. cameras and accessaries Manchester Saturday March 28 1964 conditions 36,616 Price 4d rREOtSiCK KHALI tTt S7 1RIDCE ST M,CR A. Tettphone ILAckfnin 1540 ytnHUli Ltd., 11 Lloyd Street, Muct ester 2 (Blickfrlin 0S3O Work-to-rule may on Wednesday end Second UK satellite Hooks good y By JOHN MADDOX. our Science Correspondent The second British earth satellite was launched from the United States yesterday at 6 25 p.m. BST. It was carried into its orbit by a Scout rocket which left the ground at Wallops Island, Virginia, one day after the date first set for launching. The first indications were that the operation has been a success. This satellite will require more direct British participation in the tracking and control of the experiments than did the first satellite, Ariel. which was launched just under two years ago. On this occasion, the actual experimental equipment carried in the satellite has been manufactured by British firms. The rest of the satellite, including the raJi transmitters and the framework, has been made in America. The Radio Research Station at Slough will be used to collect the reels of magnetic tapes recording radio signals from the satellite during the next year or so. Information from Ariel was, by contrast, processed in the United States before being sent to British scientists. A follow-up' The object of the experiments in the latest satellite is to provide information about ozone in the atmosphere, about radio signals from distant parts of the universe, and about the presence of tiny particles of dust from elsewhere in the solar system, which may collide with the satellite the course of its journey. Each experiment :s in some sense, a natural continuation of work carried out m Britain, on the ground, in the last 10 years. The ozone experiment, for which the Meteorological Office is responsible, is based on an instrument which measures ultraviolet light from the sun during those parts of the orbit when the satellite is moving into the earth's shadow or out of it. At these times, rays of light from the sun must pass through the atmosphere. Ozone absorbs ultra-violet light, so that the sharpness with which ultra-violet light is cut off will yield information about how ozone is distributed at different heights above the earth. It is known that the greatest concentrations are at 30 miles or so above the ground. Not much is jf Continued, on page 12 Satellite falls to earth Cambridge (Mass.). March 27 The Russian satellite Cosmos 23 fell to the earth in Quebec Province today, according to the Smithsonian Astrophysical Institute. Earlier, an Australian Government observatory said wreckage from Cosmos 23 c.uld fall on Sydney tomorrow evening. Cosmos 23 was sent into orbit on December 13. 1963. It weighed at least several tons. The Soviet Union today successfully launched the twenty-seventh in the " Cosmos " series of artificial unmanned satellites, according to Tass. Reuter. On other pages A hint of changes in the Co-operative Party was given at its conference ... 3 Sweet Cork : the first of a series of Saturday drawings of Ireland by Papas 6 Geoffrey Moorhouse visits HMS "Victory in Portsmouth harbour 7 Israel : the resurrection and the dream by Lotte and Werner Pelz 8 American airmen releaser1, by Russians 9 60,000 to be paid for master plan for educational precinct 14 Crosswords ... 14 Finance 11 hardening ... 5 Holidays 4 Leaders and Letters 8 Miscellany ... 7 Overseas. News 3 ' Parliament Sport TV & Radio Weather ... Women .. in 14 5 Monday's paper The National Union of Teachers' conference at Blackpool by our own reporter. Reports on the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament's Easter demonstrations. Kathleen Peyton describes sailing before and after the normal sailing season. Next week The first conference of the National Association of Teachers of English, at Leeds. Scottish Labour Party conference, Edinburgh by our own reporter. The BEA Trident : five pages to mark the first regular scheduled flights. An eight-page survey of trends and developments in international banking. Michael Ridley describes the implications and importance of recent Cretan finds in India. Court of inquiry on power: Labour's relief BY OUR LABOUR STAFF It now looks as though normal working will be resumed in the electricity industry on Wednesday without any serious interference in supplies before then. If this is so, then the Labour Party will have unexpectedly snatched most of the political advantage from the Government. At one time it seemed that Mr Wilson would have to choose between disowning the unions involved or suffering the consequences at the polls. But he has been lucky enough to find that his own suggestion for a way out of 'the dispute a court of inquiry, which ne put torward in a statement on Thursday afternoon, proved to be the solution which Mr Godber himself settled on at midnight the same day. Yesterday. Mr Godber returned the abuse heaped by Mr Wilson the previous day on ' "?e GveI?t?,cont 0f the their overtime ban and work-to-dispute. The Minister told a press rie conference that he could "seldom J? . ,. t remember a case where a respon- The indications are, however. sible politician has gone so far in Jhat they will tell their members complete irresponsibility in an to resume normal work on Wed- industrial matter as Mr Wilson nesday. while reiterating their ,. comolamt that the court has been ,. . forced on them and that they According to Mr Godber, Mr would prefer to g0 back t0 Wilson s statement had come at bargaining round the table K J?M aoprraS Wto ffSJSfe. L J? tioynf. fMreWoodcUoncdk IctWe personally" Mr Godber said that personally. iir uoaDer saia inat cKlm &mitw tiZne PJ? th iPt mr, tKo H,r of Commons ot commons. 'Protests too much' nf:! , .t-j Mr Wilson replied yesterday by issuing a statement from his holiday cottage in the Scilly Isles saying that Air Godber " protests TIT! 1 nn.,l.l Vinn Kf,."!,l too much. It was clear, he said that Mr Godber had been " stung into action he had been reluctant to take." " It is also clear that, throughout this week, the initiative at all times has come from the TUC and, but for the patience and statesmanlike initiative of Mr George Woodcock, we should not have seen this result." In his statement on Thursday, Mr Witsnn Vind in pffprt zwiicbA the Government of dragging its feet over the dispute in the hope of making political capital out of it. He also faulted Mr Godber and Mr Erroll, the Minister of Power, for pronouncing on the dispute at political meetings last weekend. Pnnr hand nlnvpH foor hand played Mr Godber appears to have played an extraordinarily poor political hand by announcing a court of inquiry ? few hours after the suggestion for one came from Mr Wilson A similar suggestion from the Labour leader during the Port Talbot dispute, three months ago, fell on the Government's deaf ear With the prospect of a national strike in the steel industry removed until the late summer at least, and the likelihood of power cuts greatly reduced, most of the political tension has now gone from the industrial scene, Labour has much less to fear from the postmen s campaign, due Demonstration by Cambodian students Phnom Penh, March 27 Two hundred students today demonstrated at the British and American Embassies here against last week's South Vietnamese attack on the Cambodian village of Chantrea. And the Cambodian Government tonight protested in a broadcast statement against the British Government's " insulting refusal " to accept Cambodia's rejection of four-nation talks on Cambodian neutrality. Cambodia insisted "exclusively and irrevocably " on a Geneva conference. The United States Air Force pilot of an L-19 observation plane, shot down by Cambodian fighters near Chantrea on .March 19, has died in hospital in the Philippines, according to American military sources quoted by the semiofficial Vietnam Press News Agency in Saigon. Seventeen Cambodians were reported killed at Chantrea, about four miles inside Cambodia, when it was attacked by S o u t li Vietnamese' forces. Router. Dc Gaulle frees 100 OAS men Paris. March 27 President de Gaulle has ordered the release from prison of about a hundred convicted OAS -men as an Easter clemency measure. This was statet' by official sources tonight. This is the third group of OAS fighters released bv presidential pardon. The first two, of about a hundred each, consisted mainly of young people. The sources said the new order affected mostly those over 21. Reuter. to begin on April 16, than from either of the other two sources. Leaders of the five unions involved in the electricity dispute were guarded last night about what would emerge from the meeting they will hold at i.1" ?"'tu "u" J-JlrZZ Transport House on Tuesday to Part of negotiator on the unions' holl!,lr n, tv. tripntri. cit' Council failed t0 rPnd to the unions' minimum demand f" an increase in service Pa to aU types Qf the industry.s i30,000 manual workers was it ciear that both sides were completely deadlockea on how to use even the most strained resources of the industry's normal negotiating machinery. Idea took root The unions wanted to get round a bargaining table with the Electricity Council again ; Sir Ronald Edwards, the council's chairman, wanted the differences between the two sides to go through normal arbitration channels. But neither side could agree to the other's proposals. It was then that the idea of a court first introduced into the discussions by Sir Ronald Edwards took root. Thursday's round of talks lasted for 14 hours from 10 a.m., when the unions reported to Mr Woodcock their failure to reach a settlement the previous night, until midnight, when the Minister fixed on a court of inquiry. During the day, the unions reduced their demands to the Electricity Council, to the point where successive rejections were leading them to talk of calling a complete power blackout on T,ue5,day,i 0n Thu,rsiay ,e,ven'nS. JIr godber and Mr Erroll called briefly on the Prime Minister at Downing Street, The terms of reference and composition of the court of m0.,u,iP' Vu be announced in the middle of next week. Mr Godber mafe U plain yesterday that the reference would be a wide one. In a television interview last night, Mr George Brown expressed the hope that the men would resume normal working. 350 walk out in power station dispute More than three hundred and fifty workers at Bold power station, St Helens, walked out yesterday after a dispute over work being carried out by senior officials and engineers durinK an overtime ban. The trouble started when 20 men who operate the station's coal plant refused to work over Easter because of the ban. The staff and engineers said that the ban would result in no coal being available to feed the plant within a few days and volunteered to do it themselves. Within minutes of the engineers taking over the coal plant the entire labour force walked out of the station. Later, as the station was being kept running at a reduced capacity by the engineers and senior staffs, talks were started to try to end the dispute. Booty not for burning By our Correspondent Lorries often crash on the was uninsured. The police Al roundabout just north of toured the villages, and compiled . i a list of "salvagers. UlCdL asifi LUII. IIULIUIIU. Ill the past residents have been asked to relieve them of frozen foods, ice cream and sweets all perishable goods. But on Thursday, when a lorry scattered'12 tons of coal onto the roadside, there was no such invitation ; and the police stepped in. Villagers, joined by passing motorists and neighbours from Pickworth and Tickencote. swarmed in like locusts at one time more than 50 were there, with shovels, pushchairs, even paper bags so that when the driver returned after reporting the accident only dust was left in his lorry. The load was worth 85, and A Russian electronic trawler of the Okein class anchored at Gibraltar, where they watch the activities of the RAF and the Royal Navy. Hundreds pass through the Strait in a year, and two or more are generally " on duty " Gen. Gyani surprises Greeks From PETER PRESTON Nicosia, March 27 The United Nations peacekeeping force in Cyprus went into operation this morning working on an unreleased brief which in the words of General P. S. Gyani, its commander, does not differ very much from that of the British force it replaced. General Gyani has as yet received no terms of reference from U Thant. The troops are acting on a detailed directive from the commander, which may be amended when the terms of reference are completed. I understand, however, that the directives go significantly farther than the British in one or two respects. Though General Gyani at a press conference this afternoon repeatedly stressed that " this is a peace operation," his directive gives commanders the right to open fire if anyone is preventing them from carrying out orders. This is a last resort, but may have to be used to preserve the British green lines which the UN is taking over. Further powers General G y a n i ' s directive studiously avoids referring to either Greek Cypriots or Turkish Cypriots as legal or illegal. Impartiality was another of the commander's watchwords today. The force will not have the right to search, or impose curfews, or disarm, but I understand that the terms of reference are now held up by U Thant's considering a request for further powers, possibly on these lines. The directive cannily assumes as common ground that neither Greeks Cypriots nor Turkish Cypriots have the power to search and that both want free communications. A great deal of discretion is left in General Gyani's hands. This has come as a .surprise to the Cypriot Government, which has been blandly assuming that the UN would work in harmonv with the Ministry of the Interior to settle the situation the Government way. It is being disillusioned, and the UN may swiftly have to test President Makarios's goodwill over the case of Dr Rauf Denktash. president of the Turkish Communal Chamber, whom the Government has threatened to arrest on criminal charges if he returns to Cyprus. British praised General Gyani increased the Greek Cypriot discomfiture today by reiterating his admiration for the British troops here in the warmest terms in his order of the day. At his press conference the general plodded doggedly on with all the abandon of an opening bat on the first day of a Test at Hyderabad. He announced that Finnish and Swedish advance parties would arrive today and an Irish one tomorrow. Canadians take over, paqe 9 Yesterday, detective Sergeant S. K. Hov. of Oakham, took charge of another lorry and col- lected about 50 assorted bags and sacks. Later Mr Walter Carver, clerk t0 Great Carterton parish council CAJJ "The villagers have for years wanted to enter a best-kept-village contest, but only this year did they feel the village was tidy enough. This load of coal would have spiled our chances, so it was collected up. But the people did not wish to be branded as thieves so they decided to return the coal or pay its value." As for the passing motorists, their consciences remain unburdened. ' m France looking for new nuclear base De Gaulle's S. American mission From CLARE HOLLINGWORTH Paris, March 27 One squadron of Mirage 4 bombers armed with nuclear weapons is already operational and a further 50 bombers are on the production line. This is generally regarded by French officials as satisfactory progress in the sphere of France's " force de dissuasion." But President de Gaulle is already concentrating much of his efforts on the planning of the second generation ot nuciear weapons tne French version of the Polaris submarine. He has decided that this is the most effective weapon to acquire today because neither the Soviet Union nor the Atlantic Powers have yet discovered any reliable method of locating these vessels which can stay submerged as long as the men in them can stand the strain ready to fire missiles at targets up "to 3,000 miles away In recent months the French President has shown a deep interest in th? Navy and in the officials and scientists working fn Pnlari.. nmlnotc tTnrtTnii- French experts 'in Paris' believe that a desire to acquire a naval nuclear base and a missile testing range on the western side of the Atlantic pro vided the main basis for the President's recent visit to French Guiana and the French territories in the Caribbean. Out of sight Certainly there were other motives, and indeed a base would provide work in one of the loneliest and least developed places in the world, the coast of French Guiana in the Tryenne region. The President feels too that a base there would receive less attention from the Soviet trawlers equipped with elec- Girl's body found burned The petrol-soaked body of an unknown girl, aged between 18 and 20, was found in the King George memorial gardens at Ruislip yesterday. One view was that it was probably ritual suicide. Foul play and accident are virtually ruled out. An empty petrol can was found in a litter bin near the body, which was burned almost beyond description. It is not known Low she got into the gardens. They were locked, as usual at night, at 7 30 on Thursday. Mr Cornelius King, a groundsman, of Manor Farm, Ruislip, found the body, which lay across a central path, when he went to oprn the gardens this morning. Lawns searched Detectives under Chief Detective Superintendent Dennis Hawkins, in charge of Northwest London, and the head of the local CID, Chief Superintendent Bricket, searched the lawns and bushes. Dr Donald Teare, the pathologist, made a full post-mortem examination at Uxbridge mortuary. He found no external marks of violence. Death was thought to be from asphyxia from the inhalation of and fumes. Police thought at first that the girl might have been a ban-the-bomb supporter who killed herself to draw attention to the cause a demonstration is planned for today at the United States Air Force headqouarters four miles away at South Ruislip. However, nothing was found on or near the body to indicate this. Consumers' director resigns The resignation was announced yesterday of Mr Caspar Brook, who has been director of the Consumers' Asociation for nearly six years. He is returning to the business world. i p -t -i jir w. . 1 1 w rw: l ' 'JHJHKk C.I IiMIiIi I ! ill ii nly WIIH - . , , ,. tronic devices, hundreds of which appear to observe every movement in and around the American Polaris base at Holy Loch and at Rota, in Southern Spain. Although French officials suggest that it is a good thing that M. Ben Bella is " deaf " he has not heard certain small nuclear explosions in the Sahara testing ground there is 110 doubt that France cannot FJ&l0?0? the Sa,ara for tesUng missiles. President allow the French naval base at Mers-el-Kebir, near ran, to be used for nuclear submarines, although under the Evian agreement this will remain a trench naval base lor anotner 12 years. There is now considerable speculation in Paris on what Latin American reaction win oe to the establishment of a French nuclear base which will, as it were, drag them into the nuclear sphere. Official sources can at the moment hardly be expected to confirm any of the contradictory rumours concerning the possible site of the French missile testing ground, or nuclear submarine base. No doubt after th- Presi- dent's next visit to Latin America in the autumn more reliable information will emerge. Mutiny over in Brazilian Navy Rio de Janeiro, March 27 Mutineers of the Brazilian Navy today surrendered to the Army without a light. The revolt had shaken the Government of President Goulart. About one thousand men were said to be involved. Loyal marines clashed with sailors who deserted the aircraft-carrier Minas Gerais the former HMS Vengeanc e to join mutineers holding out in a Communist hall since early yesterday. Two of the sailors were wounded and the others arrested as they landed in a launch. The mutineers are reported to have surrendered in answer to President Goulart's appeal. Record start, Cars were leaving Blackpool last night at the rate of 2,500 an hour, the AA reportea. In spite of the deterioration in the weather in North-west England yesterday afternoon the AA said the M6 motorway had contributed towards makin roads from Preston to 5l g i P - mu , Blackpool " unusually busy Although the RAC said there was a record volume of traffic for the start of Easter th. pro- visional number of road accident ueairts in ureat isriiam lor me 24 hours ended at midnight on Thursday was 16, the Ministry of Transport stated. The corres ponding figure for last year was la- An AA spokesman said : " The drop, although slight, is certainly quarters of the M6 motorway posters warning them that where encouraging. especially as patrols made up of men from they were parked or standing traffic in many parts of the Lancashire, Cheshire and would be under water if Man-country lato on Thursday was Staffordshire constabularies, said Chester gets its way in construe-heavy. We hope it also reflects the main faults for which drivers ling Britain's biggest reservoir determination by everyone who had to be warned were hogging there. will be out on the roads this the fast lane at low speeds and Xorth-east holiday resorts had weekend to make an allout eating sandwiches and sightseeing nne of their most miserable Good effort to keep accidents to a on the hard shoulders. Fridays for years. Overcast skies minimum." in the West Riding, police said caused deserted beaches and " One of the best Good Fridays the weather had been " rotten " promenades along the seven on record " was how a Lan- and that only relatively slight miles of coast between South cashire county police spokesman hold-ups had occurred at Sklpton Shields and Blytb. Climbing tutor hurt in fall Alan McHardy, aged 22, a part-time climbing instructor, of Sumac Street, Clayton, Manchester, was last night critically ill with a fractured skull in Bangor Hospital after falling 50ft during a training climb in Snowdonia. Mountain rescue officials at Plas-y-Brenin, the recreation centre at Capel Curig to which McHardy is attached, later praised the quick reaction of his pupil, John Vincent, aged 18, of Solihull, Birmingham, to whom ne was roped. Vincent took the strain on the rope so that McHardy landed feet first at the bottom of the crag, only to be hit by a falling boulder. 5 skiers safe after avalanche Innsbruck, March 27. Six unidentified skiers were buried under an avalanche in the Otzal area of the Austrian Tirol this afternoon. Later, police stated that only one was missing. One skier was able to free himself quickly and went to the Karlsruhe ski hut, near Ober-gurgi. A Tirolean mountain police helicopter tried to reach the scene, but was turned back by snow and fog. Rescue teams are trying to reach the scene on foot. British United Press. Girls rescued from burning speedboat By our Correspondent Hundreds of holidaymakers at Bowness Bay watched a rescue yesterday afternoon, involving a burning speedboat on Windermere. Rosemary Howarth, aged 16, of Waverley. Rawtenstall, and her twin sister, Victoria, where in their father's speedboat, when the engine caught fire. Many craft which were on the lake at the time went to the scene and the girls were taken off the boat little the worse for their experience. The speedboat was taken in tow to a pier at Bowness Bay where Windermere firemen put out the flames. The boat was seriouslv damaged. An eye witness described the incident as " like a blazing torch torch in the middle of the lake." but road deaths are down By our own Reporter described yesterday on North west roads. Earlier vesterday moderate weather in carts of the North brought heavy concentrations of traffic. A six-mile queue of cars built up on the Al going north Newark V holiday motorists on their way to the Lake District and Blackpool formed a five-ni.le queue at the top of the MB in spite of the unified policin arrangements and the helicopter patrol. Driving standards Early reports from the police and motoring organisations suggested driving standards have heen fairlv hmh. The Dolice post at Knutsford. the head' Best view is of their backs By our Boat Race Correspondent The young gentlemen of lh University of Cambridge having challenged the young gentlemen of the University of Oxford to m private rowing match in eight-oared boats over the championship course between Putney and Mortlake, the match will duly take place starting from Putney at approximately 2 20 in th afternoon today March 28. Thus might well run the formal announcement of an event which, for a hundred years or more, has been known not just as a boat race, but as THE boat race. It is. in fact, exactly 100 years since the race became except during two wars an annual event from Putney to aioniaKe. The race itself goes back farther in history, for it was in 1829 that, after a somewhat stilted correspondence between Charles Wordsworth nephew of the poet then at Christ Church, and vnanes luerjvaie ai vuiiiui iut;c, a match was arranged at Henley, which Oxford won. No written rules The language in which Legget, currently secretary of the Cambridge University Boat Club, presented the compliments of his president and a challenge to Oxford this year, is not markedly different from that first challenge. This is still a private match without monetary rewards, without written rules, depending for its continuance on an annual challenge which, any time, an absent-minded or over-scholarly secretary may forget to send. It is over a distance which Is neither a reasonable 4i miles nor a fastidious 33 furlongs, but is exactly 4 miles 374 yards. This is for a reason no one can explain unless that it is a distance over which it is proper for gentlemen to row, neither more nor less. In the three weeks before the race, when the crews have to share the same piece of Tideway for final training, they treat one another with the distant courtesy with which young gentlemen of the nineteenth century were apt to treat those of slightly inferior education. If anything, the formalities are more, not less rigid. At one time the crews dined together after the race. They do so no longer. They hope, occasionally, to see their rivals in difficulties during practice. They prefer to see as little as possible of one another at any other time, except, of course, during the race itself. Then each hopes fervently to see the rival crew all the time. The presidents must meet, however, on the Putney hard immediately before the race to toss for choice of Surrey or Middlesex station. No churchmen One must look deeper than the superficialities of etiquette to discover the real differences between young university gentlemen of early Boat Race days, and today. Of those two eights which fought at Henley in 1829, almost every one went into the Church. The crews produced two bishops, three deans, and a prebendary of York. In today's crews are students of mechanical sciences, engineering, and economics. Not a prospective Churchman among them. But if the 1964 Boat Race is A Continued on back page Four appeal in mail train case Appeals were lodged last night for three men concerned in the mail train raid trial at Aylesbury. They are Thomas William Wisbev (33), of Camberwell ; Robert Welch (34), of Islington; and James Hussey (30). of East Dulwich, all of London. On Thursday an appeal against conviction was lodged on behalf of Brian Arthur Field (29), of Whitchurch Hill, Oxon. Report of trial, page 3 and Otley, traditional bottlenecks- In East Anglia and North Wales traffic levels were below expectations, though a certain amount of congestion was junction of the A5117 and the A550. An early turn-round of traffic was blamed for a hold-up of cars late in the afternoon at Sutton Weaver on the A50 from Chester to Warrington Crawlinc aueues of cars on all roads leading to the Lake District gave a foretaste of the congestion which the national park in eneral and the " gateway town of Kendal in particular may expect irom me exiensiuu uunu- wards of the motorway. Visitors to the Winstcr Valley, south of Windermere. saw

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