The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on July 5, 1969 · 3
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 3

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 5, 1969
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THE GUARDIAN Saturday July 5 1969 Israel rejects UN censure on Jerusalem Left confident of victory as Ceylon votes From MICHAEL KIDRON in Colombo Jerusalem, July 4 Israel today remained resolved to maintain Jerusalem's existing status in spite of last night's resolution by the UN .Security Council which censured Israel 'for taking steps to annex all of the city and urged it to rescind these measures. .A5 -Foreign Ministry spokesman said that Jerusalem would remain "united and the capital of the State." Israeli authorities held Another curb on Greek courts Athens, July 4 The Greek Government today took another step to reduce the independence of the Judiciary, issuing a decree which said that "decisions of any court issued on subjects taken away from their jurisdictions are non-existent and are hot to be carried out." .The decree, made retroactive to June 1, came a week after the Government refused to abide by ,a decision of the State Council the supreme administrative court which reinstated 21 iudges purged by the regime late last year! This move by the Government, in spite of a constitutional provision that the council's decisions are bindine. provoked a crisis. The' council's president, Mr Stas-sinopoulos, was dismissed when he refused to resign, and 12 of th'f 25 members of the council resignec in solidarity with him. Spain curbs Deputies Spanish parliamentary deputies may be arrested or fined for illegal activities outside the Cortes under decisions published yesterday in Madrid. They must also obtain Government permission to stage public meetings. The Cortes's standing committee rejected appeals by two deputies against fines of 300 and 150 for organising and attending an anti-Franco Carlist rally in May. m high respect the principle of free access to places of worship for members of all religions, he added. " Therefore such decisions as the one adopted by .the Security Council did not advance the cause of peace." For thousands of years the Jewish people had been attached to Jerusalem and this was above and beyond all political decisions, he said. The composition of the Security Council was heavily weighted against Israel, he added. " Six of its members (Russia, Algeria, Hungary, Pakistan, , Spain, and Formosa) do not even have diplomatic relations with us, while Senegal, Zambia, and Nepal traditionally vote with the Arabs against Israel." The facts The Minister of Information, Mr Galili, also rejecting the resolution, said that it "cannot have any influence on the facts established by Israel. These facts are not created casually or by coincidence, but intentionally and after due consideration of the political danger involved" Israel would not return the Gaza strip to Egypt, he added, and would continue to establish itself in the Sinai peninsula. Meanwhile, observers at the UN in New York, said Israel's rejection of the Council's resolution raised the prospect of further action by the council. In Moscow, President .Podgorny, at a luncheon held to honour the visiting Syrian Premier, Noureddine Atassi, said Russia would continue to help to strengthen progressive regimes in the Arab States to develop their economy and culture, and to raise their farces' combat efficiency. The Soviet people, he said, "has helped and will help its Arab friends in their struggle against imperialism, for the com plete elimination of the conse- auences of the Israeli aeeres- sion, and for the establishment oi a auraoie ana 3ust peace in the Middle East with regard to the interests of all the peoples of this area, including the Arab people of Palestine." Renter ana uri. j8 mm 'ff Rann of Kutch now settled Islamabad, July 4 India and Pakistan today settled their Rann of Kutch dispute, signing maps that show the border as fixed by an international' tribunal last year. About 1,500 maps and documents must be signed, and the task will take Indian External. Affairs Secretary, Mr Kewal Singh, and Pakistan's Foreign Office head, Mr Yusuf, another day to complete. At today's formal Ceremony the pair signed 15 of the maps. Mr Yusuf said : " The process through which this dispute has been finally settled illustrates that, given will and cooperation, all other disputes, however intractable they may appear, can be resolved peacefully." , The international tribunal, set up after India and Pakistan clashed in the Rann of Kutch in 1985, awarded Pakistan about 350 square miles of her claim of 3.500 square miles. Reuter More jobs than workers West Germany's production boom has created a serious shortage of labour. There are 848,000 jobi vacant, even though the number of foreign workers employed l,370,uuu is trie highest there has ever been. Korean riot police chase university students demonstrating in Seoul against President Park Chung-Hee's third term of office. Heavy sentences on ' moderates' in Saigon From IAN WRIGHT, Saigon, July 4 The Saigon Government' sank another nail into the coffin of political compromise, today by permitting a military field - court to sentence Mr Nguyen Lau, a moderate and respected newspaper publisher, to five years' imprisonment. There is ho appeal, and the National Assembly .has long called for the abolition of field courts because they are outside Vietnam's legal system. Mr Lau and 21 other people were charged with, offences from treason to activities harmful to the State's security. Five were acquitted, and the test got sentences ranging from hard labour for life to one year's imprisonment. The charges all sprang from association with a senior Viet-cong intelligence agent, Tran Ngo Hien who was tried with the rest and given a life sentence Hien, who is a Doctor of Political Science as well : as an officer in the North Vietnamese Army, refused any legal assistance or to make a statement to the court It appears that iHien's main job was to move around in South Vietnam and test I the political climate. He made many contacts with middle-of-the-road intellectuals and apparently tried to subvert, them. He also sent reports back to Hanoi. His contacts .with Mr. Lau had been frequent since 1964. They had been childhood friends. Mr Lau admitted that he furnished Hien with a press card and even lent him money, but he denied that he knew he was a Communist agent. The only evidence m such a court is contained m confessions and statements. There are no witnesses and no cross-examination. Mr Lau withdrew the statement lie had made while in police detention, saying he had made it through fear. The affair has been complicated because Hien is the broither of the Secretary-General of the South Vietnamese House of Representatives, Tran Ngoc Chau, who earlier this year advocated talks between the two Vietnams. Chau now says he met his brother m January and asked him what sort of response he would get from Hanoi. According to Chau, a reply came that the talks should be between Saigon and the NLF. But the Tlueu Government was not then prepared to meet the front. Chau now claims that the capture and trial of Hien and the people he was in touch with representing central political opinion was an attempt to squash a genuine peace effort. Goodwill message to Nixon Bucharest, July 4 The Rumanian President, Mr Ceausescu, told President Nixon today that he was convinced that relations between Rumania and the United States would develop "to the benefit of both peoples." The statement came m a 50-word cable expressing " cordial congratulations and best wishes on the Independence Day of the United States." The message did not mention Mr Nixon's forthcoming visit to Rumania. Yesterday, the Rumanian Ambassador m Vienna, Mr Gheorghe Pele, said that Rumania expected the visit to mark the beginning of an improvement in the East-West climate. The American charge d'affaires in- Bucharest, Mr Harry G. Barnes, was expected to mention Mr Nixon's visit in a national television address marking Independence Day. tonight. It is believed to be the first time that an American official has made a speech on Rumanian television. The United States has told Yugoslavia' that President Nixon would like to visit that country but cannot do so on his forthcoming trip; accordmg to diplomatic sources in Washington The sources suggested that Yugoslavia understood Mr Nixon's position and was not pressing him to go to Yugoslavia after his visit to Bucharest Reuter and UPI. The governing United National Party is disturbed at the trend in the local elections now being held in Ceylon. Of the seventy-odd results declared by mid-June, more than forty were against, reflecting a swing of over 10 per cent towards the Opposition, both sides of the House are now convinced that parliamentary power is about to change hands. The governing party is in several difficulties at once. The next general election must be held within a year. There is little in the kitty now and there is likely to be less in the future the price of the tea which pays for most of the country's imports and which provides a large part of Government revenue is in steady, and seemingly irreversible, decline. Foreign exchange is short and the Government's import-substitution policy has resulted in alarming price increases in food and other necessities. There have been successes of a sort: agricultural output has increased on the heels of higher official procurement'' prices : more manufactured goods are heing produced locally. But this is not the sort of achievement that is going to win a massive vote of confidence on its own. Party split Nor is the UNP in a mood to exploit it for the little it is worth there are deep rifts at the top, with the Prime Minister hardly on speaking terms with his deputy; and the party. rank and file, up to and including many backbenchers, have little fight in them now that the Lett-wing coalition seems certain of victory. The Opposition is cock-a-hoop. Mrs Bandaranaike's Si-i Lanka Freedom Party, its major component, has been making the running in the local, elections; and the small Trotskyist Lanka Samaja Samaj Party feels confident that its influence over the senior partner is growing and wil' soon eclipse altogether that of the smallest, the Moscow-line Communist Party The coalition's optimism seems realistic : there is little the UNP can do to get itself out of its difficulties. Adding a couple of rupees to the rice subsidy might buy up the better-off farmers, but they are a minority. The mass of voters are small and smallish farmers who do not qualify for the subsidy since they do not grow enough even for their own needs. , Meanwhile the ' cost of living continues to rise, and with it rises the receptivity of urban workers and clerks to the hard, direct-action, anti-capitalist .campaign the coalition expects to launch nearer, the election.; The Opposition can smell power and they the LSSP especially seem willing to go to extremes .to get it. Problems ahead And after ' the elections? Nobody. Right or . Left,' believes that the clouds, over Ceylon's economy will disperse' easily. Production of tea might go up, but the decline in prices--will take the benefit out of, that. Replacing imported food with home crops is running up against the increasing cost; of. eland reclamation and irrigation works ; and further industrialisation depends on whether the country will be able to break out of its own narrow-home market and compete with such -efficient exporters as Hongkong, Formosa, and Singapore. ; Beneath their real differences and political controversy: on "the island is bitter, rough, and personal Right and Left share a common realisation : -if ' the Ceylonese economy is-to survive, costs will have to be cut and real incomes - pressed down. i A UNP Government would aim to make major cuts in the social services. In particular the system of free, universal ' education up to and including university- level would be "rationalised." They would naturally try to pegwages. ; Not so kind The Left-wing coalition partners are bound to- be less tender towards , the Establishment. Foreign business can be expected to be tightlv controlled, if .not actually taken over, ; by a coalition Government ; " foreign trade too. The State bureaucracy the military, and the police are likely to be thoroughly. -purged. The local rich will be harassed in a .number of ways. '- Little might come of '.all this in the way of extra resources, but that is not too important. Coupled with the mass enthusiasm generated during the., election campaign by a whole battery' of direct-action bodies, these-measures ought to give a , coalition Government the strength , it needs to increase output! and exports without incurring extra wage costs ' and the coalition's victory seems assured. ...July 1967 ... December 1968 'We can build your new footwear and tyre factory in Carlisle in 73 weeks. Laing have a long record of construction for industry throughout Britain and overseas. We have been working in the Carlisle area since 1848 and you can be assured that our resources in management, labour and technical know-how are equal to the challenge.' 'The history of the construction of our Carlisle factory is further proof, if it were needed, that British industryjis not always the lethargic and inefficient affair that its critics here and overseas are never tired of declaring that it is . . . Chairman of Pirelli Limited The Laing construction team completed the 1J-million Pirelli factory buildings on time, despite bad weather in the early stages. The factory buildings alone cover seven acres, with provision for expansion, and incorporate footwear and tyre divisions. Architects were Valtolina, Rusconi Clerici SpA of Milan. WHATEVER YOUR PROJECT LARGE OR SMALL CONSULT: J.J.G. MICH1E Commercial Managing Director, Telephone: 01-9593636 John Laing Construction Limited Page Street, Mill Hill London NW7 B.A0KK3 for completion on time John Laing Construction Limited Building, civil, mechanical and industrial engineering contractors Great Britain and Overseas Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Carlisle, Glasgow, Leeds, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham, Surbiton LTDJLC2U

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