The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on December 3, 1949 · 5
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 5

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 3, 1949
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THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, .DECEMBER 3, 1949 POWER FOR NORTH WALES 1&-Year Programme Not Dependent on Hydro-Electric Scheme From onr Special Correspondent Dumfries, Friday. The British Electricity Authority is still awaiting reports from its consultants on its proposed hydro-electricity scheme for North Wales, and " will not do anything for months to come." Lord Citrine, chairman of the B.EA, gave this assurance to-day, when, at the Authority's invitation, a party from Wales visited the site of the Galloway hydro-electricity scheme. He said that the B.E.A. intended to promote a Parliamentary bill to embrace all six regional schemes involved in the North Wales plan. These schemes would take some years to mature, and it was possible "I do not say it will happen" that in discussion with the various interested bodies means might be found that would enable the authority to go forward with an agreed bill. . Speaking of the B.E.A.'s national programme for 1950-1 Lord Citrine said the generation of electricity would not be hampered by expenditure cuts which would fall on distribution. The esti mated expenditure for this d urine the coming year was 49,250,000, compared with an actual expenditure of about 37,000,000 during the current year. To what exent these estimates would be reduced was not yet known. In any event, the Government, would wish that the 5,500,000 scheduled for the distribution of electricity in rural areas, excluding the North of Scotland, should not De cut more than was necessary. , A COMPLETE SERVICE As a pendant to this, Mr. A. R. Cooper, Controller of the Merseyside and North Wales Division of the British Electricity Authority, and Mr. J. Eccles, chairman of the Merseyside and North Wales Electricity Board, said the board had prepared a 15-year distribution pro gramme for North. Wales which could be carried out whether or not the hydro- electricity scheme was put into opera' tion. It included a detailed plan for the "complete electrification" of the six and a naif North Wales counties which fell In its area. From the 193 separate schemes it contained the board had selected 18 for "immediate treat ment," so adjusted that at least one was situated in each county. Within the limitations of the material situation " it was intended to complete that scheme as rapidly as TRIBUTE TO SIR JOHN BARBIROLLI The fiftieth birthday of Sir John Barbirolli, conductor of the Halle Orchestra, was celebrated last night by the Sheffield Listeners Club with a gathering at which recorded messages from Dr. John Ireland, Dame Laura Knight, Sir Adrian Boult. and others were broadcast to an audience of nearly two thousand. The Listeners Club the Sheffield Philharmonic Chorus, and members of the orchestra made presentations, and the guests included Sir John's mother and two of his cricketer friends, W. Rhodes and W. J. Edrich. HOOVER F.H.P. TRADE 1UBK MOTORS give you Efficiency Dependability and Increased Customer Satisfaction ""THE high standard of Hoover production is recognised the world over. That same manufacturing skill and efficiency goes into the making of every Hoover Fractional Horse-power Motor. If you are producing equipment which requires a steady and efficient power unit, fit Hoover Fractional Horse-power Motors. It is the wisest decision you can make to INCREASE YOUR CUSTOMERS' SATISFACTION. Write for full information and prices to : HOOVER LIMITED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS DEFT PERIVALK GREEKFORD MIDDLESEX STRIPES The finishing of woven-striped poplins is a rather specialised job. The cloth is usually a- very fine weave which must be handled with great care throughout the various processes. The colour in the dyed yarns must be fully maintained whilst all im purities and surface blemishes are removed. Repeated cleansing operations are followed by the burning away of yarn particles, fibre ends, and fluff before the final sheen and lustre appear. The "Chadwyn" Finish for striped shirtings has become a standard by which' similar effects are judged. There Is a suitable CHADWYN FINISH for. Every Cotton or Rayon Cloth. CHADWICK AND DYERS AND 70, SPRING possible. The speakers pointed out that wnue u would not be impossible to carry it out without the hvdro-electric scheme, this latter would " accelerate it considerably." The hydro-electricity scheme was now being surveyed in detail. Anart from the Mnpntwrnir and Dolgarrog extension only the Nant uirancon survey had so far been completed, and the consultants had not yet presented their report. air donn .Hacking, Deputy Chairman fOnerations' TkJf. A 4 and Mr. Eccles in emphasising that until the detailed surveys, including estimated costs, were completed it was not true to SaV thaf tht Olltrmritr Vie3 -mA. w ir mind about the North Wales scheme. Aberconway, Major Clough Williams- Lieutenant Colonel J. F. Williams- Wynn, chairman of the C.P.R.W. Hydro-electricity Investigating Committee, Mrs. Rupert Williams-Ellis, chairman of the " - " V.A. VV ., .111. Humphrey ap Evans, general secretary 4-1. Tl TTT 1 .j ui k . i-.xi.vv. ana representative or me iiauonai xrust in waies, the Sev. H. H. Symonds of the Standing Committee on National Parks, and Mrs. Joan Roberts, of the Welsh Tourist Board. DIFFERENT CONDITIONS All agreed that the nature and scale of the Galloway country was so different from that of North Wales that it was difficult, if not impossible, to make any valid comparison between the two aieas. Mrs. Williams-Ellis remarked that one of the chief features of the Galloway scheme was the addition of sheets of water to the landscape by the damming of rivers or existing loens, wnne uie proposals for North Wales would deprive the country of many of the rivers and mountain streams Which were among Its' most characteristic features, and transform small llyns into obviously Artificial reservoirs. Mr. Symonds said the Gallowav system, a complex of stations arranged in series down a single broad valley and not in mountainous country, had no relation to ine worm waies schemes which were scattered amone a com- plicated series of valleys in the heart of the mountains. The power stations in themselves. " good, straightforward functional buildings," which were absorbed fairly well in the Scottish landscape would be "intolerable" in the deep, narrow valleys of North Wales, and the Galloway scheme had no leets which threatened serious disfigurement to Welsh hillsides. CLEARANCE LINE IN BATTLE-AXES Flintlock muskets which may have been used in the Napoleonic wars, " Dick Turpin" pistols, and hand artillery pieces nearly 250 years old are among 800 antique weapons to be auctioned at the Ministry of Supply depot at Rud-dington, Nottinghamshire, on Monday. The old revolvers will be sold off in lots of five and the pistols in lots of ten. There are also all kinds of swords, pikes, and lances, and a small assortment of battleaxes. Most of the weapons came from an. Army depot, and it is believed that many of them were handed over at the time of the call for surrender of weapons early in the war. LONDON OFFICE I SO. Xmptn Bsoae. St iUrCQl-TeOruid, E.C.l, Crhamt; Vouidk 7101J RADFORD OmtCt 40. Well stmt. Bradford. CPhont : Bradford 23567 J COMPANY FINISHERS LIMITED o GARDENS, MANCHESTER TELEPHONE CENTRAL 69GS A tog ramming the poop of the UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICE Cambridge Experiment From our University Correspondent The Health Service set up by Cambridge University in the summer of 1947 is already performing a useful function, though it has not yet reached its full development. The limits of its purpose must be clearly understood. It is not a general scheme for the medical treatment of undergraduates, but aims primarily at the medical examination of freshmen and others, with a view to detecting and arresting incipient disease, especially, by X-ray methods, tuberculosis of the lungs. Careful statistics are kept, which should provide valuable data for future research. The Health Service officers are appointed by the Regius Professor of Physic, subject to the approval of the Medical Board, and consist or a senior health officer (Sir Alan Rook) and one or two others, to include one woman and one official statistician. Just when the Health Service was being established, the Vice-Chancellor received a letter from the President of the-Blues Committee, calling attention to the need for a university gymnasium and to the inability of the athletic clubs interested in the proposal to finance its construction or organisation. This letter was quite independent of the Health Service scheme, but a committee of the Council of the Senate, to whom itwas referred, had the happy idea of combining the two institutions in one building,' so as to launch the Health Service in an atmosphere not of the sanatorium but of the normal pursuit of physical fitness. Negotiations with the University Grants Committee and with the proprietors of Fenner's produced adequate funds and a good site on that famous sports ground, and early in 1949 the university approved the whole scheme, including architectural plans prepared by the Buildings Syndicate. For the present, the Health Service functions in a naval hut on the Downing site, but the Fenner's building (in spite of protests by Left elements in the town that labour and materials should not be wasted on luxuries for the idle rich), is going ahead. The use of the Health Service is voluntary, but all freshmen are circularised about it by tutors before coming up, and a very high proportion have in fact presented themselves for examination. The service is not, however, confined to undergraduates, still less to freshmen, but is open also to university servants, many of whom are exposed in the scientific laboratories to peculiar risks. Its' work has given general satisfaction, and the contemplated combined centre is a welcome return to the best traditions of Greek sanity and sense. It is regrettable that the service, though well described in the unofficial " Varsity Handbook," finds no mention in the 1949 edition of the official " Student's Hand book to the University and Colleges of Cambridge. ROYAL MANCHESTER COLLEGE OF MUSIC The orchestral concert given last night in Manchester University by students of the Royal Manchester College of Music included a symphony by Vaughan Williams and movements from three concertos. In Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto the soloist was Chumleigh Hind, and in movements from a Handel organ concerto and from Guilmant's so-called Symphony in D minor the soloists respectively were Keith Bond and Eric Chadwick. Mr. R. J. Forbes conducted. Guilmant gives the modern organ a fairly big share of his work, with the instrument " let out in all its fullness of stops," as the old writers used to say. An amusing leature of this composer s First Symphony is the long and pompous announcement of the opening movement's chief subject as an unaccompanied pedal solo. Listeners would naturallv exnect this would herald some large and notable development; but no. Students or com position in their first year could have done as much with the theme as Guilmant did. and his slabs of orchestration hardly enrich the music. Except, however, when the feeble second subject shows itself the movement has a certain simple and rather taking energy of expression. The three soloists of the evening played with much animation, and the accuracy of Eric Chadwick's pedalling and of Chumleigh Hind's florid passages and double stopping call lor special mention. The accompani ments were very creditably managed, though there was an occasional lack of precision. There was high aspiration in the playing during the London Symphony of Vaughan Williams, an extremely exacting wors wr a students' orchestra. The per formance bad shape and colour. Under Mr. Forbes's baton the wavers kent a dis ciplined ensemble, and though at times iui iimaace, me auegro portion of the finale that occurs between the two state ments of the march section there was some little untidiness ot effect, the playing was attractive because it was sensitive as well as lively. This concert rnked memories of the previous principal of the college and thoughts of a former teacher "k- siry was a great exponent of the Violin Concerto of his friend Tchaikovsky and Dr. Kendrick Pyne's admiration of Guilmant stopped only just ui auorauon. A. H. THE SINKING OF THE IMPLACABLE ft- -S.'. beta t oU warship Implacable to complete bar sinking off the Isle of Wight yesterday. December, in the Garden South Manchester. A fortnight ago suggestions were made in these columns on the need for continuing the campaign against slugs. This is a time of the year when, with the raising of crops finished and the turning over of beds i present and to come, there is not much evidence of the existence of the creatures. But they are with us still, not as active as in the growing season, but ready whenever the weather is mild to resume their forays in bed, border, and rockwork alike, under the surface of the soil as well as on it. And it is just as necessary as ever for gardeners not to cease the search for them and reduce their numbers as much' as possible, for even in severely cold weather they may be found lurking under all means of shelter, hard and soft alike, especially in moist nooks and corners. Those which seek day-time refuge under loose stones, bricks, leaves, and in the midst of decaying herbage can be dealt with easily. Many of the " grey field " and garden" species can be trapped in this way and disposed of. But it Is not so easy to deal with those that frequent the edgings of beds and the narrow crevices of rockwork, nor with the third species common in gardens throughout the country the " underground " Milax sowerbii Per), which thrives upon nlant stocks. roots, tubers, bulbs, and the like. Where-ever such damage is being done additional measures must be taken, and. as previously urged, they should be destructive rather than repellent Years ago the Ministry of Agriculture pointed out that slugs have Been responsible for the destruction of whole fields of cabbage and wheat as well as of crops of peas, beans, potato sprouts, and flowering plants. And not only the slugs themselves but also their eggs should be included in the campaign. These small, milky-white, roundish objects s usually found slightly under the surface of the soil within the top few inches singly or in clusters of a few m at fifteen. Up to the moment of writing we have had only one or two nights of severe frost in this district, but worse may come at any time and should be prepared for by naving at hand enough dry litter to protect those plants which are particularly treasured ana are liable to suffer from prolonged frost. Perhaps the most trouble some work of frost Is its expanding and eusturbing effect on the soil and the RESCUER BURNED BY HOT LADDER George Medal for Sergeant The George Medal has been awarded Sergeant Ronald Warwick. 'H.A.S.C.. of Armathwaite, near Carlisle, for rescuing a colleague trapped on top of a burning building. The citation says that on August 13 this year, during a military fire display at the Army Fire-Fighting School, Colchester, Driver Reading was overcome by smoke in a demonstration. Sergeant Warwick mounted the escape and, passing through the flames and smoke, reached Driver Reariini? nH carried him down to safety. The flames had made the st.l flo. escape so hot that Sergeant Warwick's hands were severely burned when he mounted the ladder and descended with Driver Reading on his shoulders. BOOKS RECEIVED From EdwftM AmnM mn A HOubjsx. PRACTICE AND TACTICS. uiuom. lUtutnud. 5s. bj m a. Prom Ednr Ttarlm rMrf... ACE AMD UIHD. A BjilxaSiln. Br Albert Strut. 31. OO, From rwi. . JOHN SCSKIN. TSf FortMit of a Pronhet. B Pmcr S2!25f la-how uras we ksow. bt Doreen Wmltaee. 8 s. 64. from QeoOrer Combetlese for Stanford UnlTenltr THB ECONOMIC THEORY OP A fWTTT,THT Eoowanr. Br Bnrarum p. Beckwltb. PJjJJ. 36i- Fmn Tfennl TMhmi r ... . THE BUGBEAR. OP LITERACY. Br Annrf. IT LAUGH. Edited bt Bennett Ctrl. Bm. 6VL Fro HI Pmber anrl Pw MAJOR POOBUEUS OP mirnm btathi sAotirtt Institution, Waahlncton. 21s 6d- From Pi!Mn tH... DEVIL LORD'S DAUOHTZB. By xrt'c B. iz, M From Dearie q. Himp ind-Co." REST AXD BE THAHKFUL. BrHera ' lIMnM, IS 64 BRITISH SHIPS AJTD fSnPPlSS A Sorter of Modern snip OeHcn Md SMbolri Practice. Br Peter Doff. niuitrmterL irTSi THB WAMsfcr. Br Ahon,TS. ntotrSS" W'Sr-J V AMATEUR muer. bj. oa. From Ifneram Pm, t . CIUA UP CHlIiTBSrIB KDGZ. Br Umbel From Peter KeVm. Ltd.: THB WT8TKRY Ot KXATS. By Join Unrrr. 12s. 6d. MUffieton From PbftMon Preu. Ltdj A CXJJTT7RY OP FRENCH PAINTISO Br ante Ring, nttatnua. 33s. 14O0-1S00. From Charin Sertbaers- Sou- THX LIFE OF RALPH WALDO QEBBON L. Bmk. 30. From stanioai Prexs; nmOLEPLOP CHHOES..Sr Jess w. Beep. 3s. From A. H. Stoetawll. Etncombe: TJHlOrT KOW ASD WXXSTGrT CHURCHILL. Poems. Bj Chrsn St. air Hirlcy. 0&. From BJehard Ttmne: KXFLECnQXS f VBBSX. By Afscs I. ram wni Lock: COST PBICB. 8r Doraford Tiles. 10. 6tL RECENT WILLS Kereer. ensnes Haeman. oc Banbarr. Oxan. Walter Bernard., of iBaslnastokt.'. Hammhrre Valor GeoDie Predertefe. f KiabLMtf BaH, William Ocranor Oeonel. of Bartlmid. lfMiUfSfT .... -94.332 FaDraer. ensues Franks, of Pamsim. Stirrer, sneep farmer, noted tor b!a Sock of peaisiee aonutdonu, and bis Herd ot pedigree attested Red Pol! cattle 19.115 SLUGS AND FROST resultant raising and sometimes unearth ing of young and shallow-rooting plants. In all such cases when the thaw comes the soil should be consolidated around the plants. Similar ais)shouId be given when the stems of plants are loosened in the soil by heavy winds. It is a good precau-; tion also to prevent such disturbances, especially of carnations, wallflowers, antirrhinums, and young plants of such perennials as lupins and hollyhocks, by a judicious arrangement of small twiggy sticks; and in their early months many roses and flowering shrubs should be given the support of suitable stakes. Branches of broom, cypress, and other soft evergreens, with bracken and 'the fronds of other ferns, make excellent safeguards for the more tender and exposed plants ; and a similar covering will be found useful in times of frost in the raising of supplies of celery, parsnips, Jerusalem artichokes, and other root crops left in their beds until wanted. Weeds also call for frequent attention in old as well as in new gardens. Those in lawns, such as daisies, buttercups, clover, and plantains, when not too numerous.' are more effectively disposed of by hand, with the aid of a small pointed instrument such as the Lancashire potato-peeler, But where, as often, there are more of them than of the grass itself, much hard work can be saved by using one of the hormone weed-killers now on the market or by individual applications of a mixture (in bulk) of one part of sulphate of iron with two parts of sulphate of ammonia and about twenty-four parts of coarse sand. B. U Commenting upon the article on " The Choice of Roses " last Saturday, Mrs. Wright, of Acacia Avenue, Salford, gives her experience of the difficulty of growing some varieties of roses in towns and lists a number with which she has had success. Roses which she says she cannot grow in Salford include McGredy's YellowMrs. Sam McGredy, Dame Edith Helen, Etolle de Hollande, and Mrs. A. R. Barraclough. Barbara Richards is " fairly prolific, but the stems are always so short that the flowers are on the ground." Her successes include: Bush varieties, Betty Uprichard, Margaret McGredy, Elizabeth of York, Talisman, Angela van Rossem, Lady Sylvia. Hugh Dickson, George Dickson, Duke of Edinburgh, Caroline Testout ; thepolyantha variety, Karen Poulsen ; the climbers. Chaplin a Pink and Zepherine Drouhm; the ramblers, Excelsa and Dorothv Perkins ; and in a lawn bed, Rosa Orugosa Antony Waterer, which, she says, "has literally thousands of highly scented roses m June NEW RATIO FOR OWNER- OCCUPIERS " More Likely to be 20 to One " Mr. Norman Longley. president of the National Federation of Building Trades Employers, speaking at Southampton last night, expressed his disappointment that the odds against the building of private houses were to be lengthened from four to one to nine to one when the issue of licences is resumed on February 1. Before the war. he said, private enterprise was buildine thrw hnncoc for sale or letting to every one buUt by local authorities. Because nt ite application area by area the four-to-one jtano ma never worsea xuuy, ana Irom past experience it seemed that the new ratio would be more likely to be about twenty to one. uniorxunateiv." be adder). " manv local authorities- are as unmindful as Mr. Be van of the need for retrenchment in Government and municipal expendi- turc, ana ass reaay as ne is to snow political discrimination against would-be owner-occupiers." A member of the Manchester Housing Committee, Councillor R. Harper, told a " Manchester Guardian " ronnrte f hat under the ratio system the corporation had set the nace in bnilrlins hut cinxa the corporation had been unable to get on with the job the pace had been pretty slow" and the housine nnv erammp was iTrmrier rlimn t- 4tsw longer to get permission to build a house than it would take to build it." he added. "In 1945 there were l.snn families in the first Diioritv eroun for houses in Manchester. Now there are over six xnousana. ' ACROSS L Do this, and someone may get a ring (5, 3. 6). 9. "He does it with a better grace, but I do it 'more " ("Twelfth Night") (7). 10. Pure tar for transport (7). 11. Likely to give the baker a rise (5). 12. End to end to surpass (9). 13. Rock-bottom cost of tennis accessory? (3, 6). 14. Found in the grass at an altitude (5). 15. He got married and cut 5. SOLUTION TO CACSSWOXO Ma. 3ST pgfSRMsWIMcSoMaia P 0 R I WOR Dp R I ART HuHvuScglBSgABrai A. a H A STjKH B A DIO S G PBUN&SfAgSTSfSgaAg BOLTFROHTHKBXP E S-TB A NO lVEPfS TIT CH DON I N OS LETHARGY J5wj3GUNjSA3!l,fSDgT'gi ANTHRACIT ESE ASH SMTgLgSilRbsfiI.g NEW FILMS IN LONDON From our London Film Critic Robert Hamer. who made "It Always Rains on Sunday " and " Kind Hearts and Coronets," is one of those few directors Lwho may help to rescue British film pro- aucuon irom lis aoiarums. noi me leasi of his merits, in these penurious times, is that his films have not shown a taste for lavish expenditure. His new film, "The Spider and the Fly " (at the Odeon, Marble Arch), is, alas, a disappointment, yet it has at least the prosaic and negative virtue of being relatively economical, and it can be praised for what it tries to do. George Orwell once wrote a fascinating and depressing article in which be analysed the change in the fashion of crime literature from the days of such a gentlemanly cracksman as Raffles to the stark brutalities of recent American or Anglo-American gangsters and private detectives. This decline in taste for in most of the ways that matter it is certainly a decline has notably been led by the American cinema, with the British cinema as accessory. "The Spider and the Fly is praiseworthy as an attempt to set back this particular clock." Never was cracKS' man more gentlemanly than -the tall, well' born, monosyllabic fellow here portrayed by Guy Rolf e ; here is a burglar who would consider it a crime to go out without his suede gloves, his rolled umbrella, and his Homburg hat, who finds it almost though not quite impossible to be unchivalrous to a lady, and whose relations with the forces of law and order as represemea with almost equal politeness, by that arimirahio netor Eric Portman are no more strained than those between an amicable though slightly erratic client and his affable banker. Where the film mostly fails by modern tastes and standards, is in being too slow ; whether old style or new style, a crime film (indeed any film) must have pace and tension. It need not perhaps, move in that glittering hurry which is the rule amone the crime films of Hollywood, but it must at least vary its tempo and quicken to a climax. And if the director wishes to do the more difficult thing to set, that is, a leisurely tempo for his film then he has to be particularly careful and subtle in his variations of pace. The trouble with " The Spider and the Fly ' is that it moves at an almost uniform jog-trot ; all excitement drops out of it. Even such compensations as a good, slightly original story, sensible, well-spoken dialogue, and, be it added, the beauty of Nadia Gray (the Rumanian actress who plays the part ot the "heroine") are not quite enough. Even to British eyes this film seems too slow and, in its gentlemanliness, something of a caricature ; one wonders, indeed, what American eyes would make of it. The other two films of the week can be passed over briefly. "The Romantic Age (at the New Gallery) is a British film, directed by a Frenchman, about an English flnishihg school for young ladies. It requires Hugh Williams to play the part of an extraordinarily silly art master, and Mai Zetterling, the Swedish actress, to give an interpretation of a coquettish French mamselle which is, to say the least, painful. Both these sood players will, if they are prudent, avoid seeing themselves in this film ; they could not but agree that they had helped to make one of those works which people will remember when they are trying to decide which was the worst film of the year. Not Wanted" (which will be shown next week in Manchester) is an earnest little piece about a " good-time " girl, her baby bom out of wedlock, and the kind young man who saved baby, mother, and all. The one bright spot in it is the acting of Keefe Brasselle a pleasant new-comer among American players. 100 YEARS AQO From the " Manchester Guardian " of December 1, 1849. From a Private Correspondent London, Friday Morning. It seems to be pretty evident, that we are rapidly approacmng an enure abandonment of the blockade of the African coast, as a means of checking the slave trade. Its inutility has been tested by experiment, and the most ardent advocates of the suppression of the slave trade freely admit that its horrors have been aggravated by the means taken for checking the traffic. Moreover, it seems a tolerably well authenticated N piece of intelligence, that the French Government will not renew the convention of 1845 for a conjoint blockade of the African coast and it would be sheer folly in England to persevere unaided. It is probably in anticipation of this, that our government is giving special encouragement, and "effectual assistance" to Mr. Richardson, the African traveller, who is to endeavour to penetrate into the Interior of Africa, skirting the Southern Sahara, so as to reach the great Lake Tchad : and in his progress, he is to endeavour to carry out the object of the famous and unfortunate Niger expedition, by impressing on the native chiefs and tribes the superiority of legitimate commerce to traffic in human beings. MORE AMERICAN TOURISTS Some 449,700 overseas visitors came to Britain in the first nine month: of this year, states the "Board of Trade Journal." The number of American visitors (84&0) was 3D per cent greater than in the same period last year. There were fewer tourists in July and August this year than last, but the figures lor September (50,700) and October (31,727) were bigber the number of Americans who came Id October (7,164) represent ing an increase ox 4ts per cent. 17. System In singing starts a sulphureous vent (0). 20. " Calls it in " (anag.) (9). 22. Not stooping to build (5). 23. He makes her soup (7). 24. Irresponsible Eric gets round an animal (7). 25. Still deteriorating I (4, 3, 2. 5). DOWN ' L Mechanical device that enables goods to be delivered (5. 2. 3, 4). 2. The competitor ran inside 3. Showed signs of Irritation (9). 4. Lost her leather ease (7). .5. Garb era (anag.) (7). t 6. They axe always in type-! script (5). r PlIIZ S 1 H M , FT IS 16 .1 IB lT I 55" mmt7zr-a'." it M" zwi.zzfziz.wim act g&i " . " , "" """ 111 i 1 t I I I I I 1 1 i. fan ena, out weanny v. 8. Chief editorial expression of opinion (7. 7). 14. " We must not make at of the law " r Measure lor Measure") (8). 16. How bis peroration shows subdued speech (7). 17. Sails, i.e- in part ' of ' Germany (7). 18. Sent ale of the thinnest order (71. 19. A. confederate (7). 21. "In another 'makes a unit of heat (5)". litn arill sa pusTMMtf so MmAr. MISCELLANY Married Soldiers Plans for adequate married quarters promise a new chapter in the long and sometimes tragic history of the 'married soldier. As late as 1840 Macaulay, as Minister-at-War. -spoke of about ten thousand children following our Armies about the Empire. Fortescue drew a terrible picture of the conditions in which wives of soldiers married on the strength : to every hundred had to live in barrack rooms and bear their children. In the Peninsular War many women shared the rigours of such marches a Moore and Corufia, and when that war ended numbers of Portuguese women accompanied the Army as far as Bordeaux. When it came to embarkation for England there were dreadful scenes because the women were called upon to prove that they had been legally married to soldiers with the consent of their commanding officer; only a very few out of the hun dreds not accepted as legally on the strength could afford to pay their passage to tne British Isles and the bulk of those who bad arrived in Bordeaux with the Army were marched back' to Portugal. On the other hand, the present writer has talked with the widow of a sergeant who looks DacK to her life "on the strength' in India half a century ago as something like luxury compared with anyining experienced at home. PROLEGOMENA fit i. .nnmir,iwi that the British Council. in honour of the Festival of Britain, is to offer a prize of 500 " for a single poerr in English of not fewer than 300 lines. The closing date for entries is December 31, 1950. O. British Council. British Council, O I Three hundred lines seems rather far to go, But, on the other hand, 500 Tempts, tickles, teases, and, perhaps. astounds. Good gracious me ! This excellent design Yields more than thirty bob a precious line ! Where is the bardic mouth that does not water ? By Pegasus and Hippocrene, It oughter ! But where shall one begin ? What lofty theme Shall lend its Impulse to this gilt-edged dream ? What strain, of epic strength or sweet as honey, Brings home the beans and puts one in the money, Proving that Iittlewoods and suchlike pitches Are not the only road to sudden riches? Yet how shall budding bards, whom few folk know. Remote, unfriended, melancholy, slow," Rise to do battle 'gainst the bolder boys Of old-established firms like Gr-v-s or N-y-s, El t (O.M.), that righteous man and godly, Or A-d-n, whose bleak lyrics ring more oddly? Shall they not find their choicest efforts undone By bludgeonings from D- L- M-r- or Bl-nd-n, Or beat in vain their wings, which do not fit well, Against the sheer facade of Mistress s-tw-n ? M-s-f Id, I take it, hors concourg and aureate, Would stand aside and keep the ring as Laureate. Down with such craven doubts I Some blithe new-comer May leave the Old Gang down and out and dumber : For instance, me may I not join the racket And haply bear away the palm and packet ? Stand back, I say just one big boost and bounce!! Put me right there. My theme ? THE BRITISH COUNCIL. What could be apter ? Shall I not rehearse Its prbud achievements in undying verse. Telling how darkness gripped our iiland story Till golden Barbara bathed tha tale In glory ? Three hundred lines? I'll dash 'em off and pad 'em With rich bouquets for rare Sir Ronald Aaam. I'll do 'em and I need not scratch and scrape With one whole year to lick 'em into shape. This, I may add, is not the scheme I nourish This is a mere preliminary flourish, But by these presents, now let all men know I'm coming and I mean to make a show, O, British Council, British Council, OI Lucio. BUSY YOUTH HOSTELS Unlike some of its neighbours, the Manchester and District Regional group ol the Youth Hostels Association has not found any marked decline in the use of its hostels in the past year. The "overnights" were only 1 per cent fewer, though membership declined from 21,583 to 19,680. Repairs and improvements costing 3,255 have been completed, and there is a balance of 2,045 on the year. - At the group's annual meeting at Bolton to-day a proposal to change its name to "The South-West Fennines Regional Group " will be considered. ROYAL PORTRAIT IN LINER A life-size portrait in oils of Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh, painted byMr. Edward Halliday, R.B.A., has been hung in the main lounge of the liner Caronia. The liner, which was launched by the Princess in October. 1947, is leaving Liverpool to-morrow for Southampton after her annual overhaul before Deginning her American cruising programme. CROSSWORD No. $88

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