The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on July 9, 1942 · 3
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 3

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Thursday, July 9, 1942
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THE; MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, IRSBAT, aUXY 9, 1942 CONCERT HALLS FOR THE HALLE Suburban and District Theatres , The HallS Concerts Society has partially surmounted its difficulty of finding a home for next winter. Since no suitable hall could be had a the centre of the city a search ad to be made farther afield, and three theatres have been fixed upon, so t;!;it a series of twenty-four Sunday .ftL-rnoon concerts, extending from the .csjinnins of October to the end of ubruary has been planned with confidence. Eight concerts will be given at the Tngford Cinema. Stretford. eight at vie Capitol Theatre. Didsbury. and inree at the Manchester Hippodrome, Ardwiek. Then there will be a special p,- rf ormance of " The Messiah " at Belle Vje on December 20, and for the four :-jndays in March no hall has yet been - .osen. For " The Messiah," which Dr. Malcolm hargent will conduct, members of local , .ioral societies will be invited to swell Halle Chorus. Or. Sargent will conduct at least canteen of the concerts, and among the ,'her engagements already made it Is arranged that Solomon will open the :-r'7.es at the Hippodrome on November 29. while Dame Myra Hess appears March 7, and Cyril Smith on -ehruary 7. The Longford Cinema .r:es covers all the Sundays in October ;.rd those in January from the 10th to .(:.-.. Those at Didsbury Capitol are f r tin November 1 to 22, and on all the unday afternoons of February, and i.e Hippodrome's three are on Novem-. t -'3. December 6. and December 13. MIDDAY CONCERTS C.E.M.A. Grant Accepted A substantial sum towards the cost of ii, .t season's Houldsworth Hall con-re rts has been offered by C.E.M.A., and the annual report of the Manchester 1 uesday Midday ' Concerts Society records that it has been gratefully accepted. At the annual meeting of the .onety yesterday the chairman, Mr. Will M ell and, commented on the larger audiences at the last season's concerts ,nd the payment of 40 per cent more in iocs and expenses to artists. The annual report stated that the dificit on the year's working was much r'.s than had been expected partly in i onscquence of increased prices for PREBENDARY CARLILE A personal announcement THE CHURCH ARMY BOARD has appointed the Rev. H. H. Treacher. Rector of Hanley and Rural Dean of Stoke-on-Trent, as GENERAL SECRETARY and HEAD OF THE CHURCH ARMY. I am in my flKth year, and this decision, in which 1 gladly participated, gives me hope and courufje to look forward beyond the present tragic days. When war came and travelling for an old man became difficult it was unanimously agreed to appoint niv dear friend Mr. Frank M. KlKood as Honorary Central Secretary. He, with Sir Arthur CriHith Boscawen, continue as Treasurers. With this active help nnri with the wise counsel of our President, Lord Daryngton, and the loving devotion of my sister Miss Marie Carllle, ordinary Church Army work has been maintained ; and we are ready for Kieater work when the war is over. Meanwhile, under the inspiration of Major Jackson, a Rreat and widespread war-work has been developed. The step" now taken safeguards the future ; for Mr. Treacher, with his service in 191418 war, and his work as a parish clergyman since ordination, is experienced enough and yet young enough for long years of usefulness in guiding the Church Army. I give him my blessing in the THE CHURCH ARMY Headquarters. 55. Bryanston Street. London, W.l ON THE HOME FRONT To serve our country to tho very Emit of our power is to-iay the duty and the privilege of every ngtish man and woman. We of the Co-operative Wholesale Society' are indeed proud of the muhiplictty of ways in which we contribute to our nation's struggle. No other community in the land can dattmsuch a record of service. Hardly one of the sinew e4 war .but is fashioned by' our skill, sustained by our .-resources. Issued by -the CO-OPERATIVE seats. War conditions had reduced the number of broadcast relays of the con certs, but the B.B.C. bad given en assurance of continued interest in thorn and the desire to relay as many of them as possible in the future. Mr. Edward Isaacs, director of the concerts, announced that th following artists would be among those appearing in the thirty arranged for 1942-3 : Dame Myra Hess, Isobel Baillie, Astra Desmond Eda Kersey, Moura Lympany, Antonia Butler. Irene Kohler, Lucy Pierce. Marjorie - Hayward, Phyllis Sellick. Ilona Kabos, Kathleen Moor-house, Dorig Gambell; Cyril Smith, Henry Hoist, Max Rostal, Arthur Cat-teralL Edward Isaacs, Franz O shorn, R. J. Forbes. Henry Cummings, John McKenna. and Dale Smith ; the Griller String Quartet, the Laurance Turner String Quartet, and the Kamaran Trio. It is hoped that on January 26 there will be a special celebration of the 1,000th concert and the twentieth anni versary oi ivir. Isaacs s appointment. CO.'s SECOND APPEAL A twenty-year-old private in" the Non-combatant Corps, Ronald T. G. Spurgeon, formerly an assistant baker in Chatham, whose second appeal was heard by the Northern Appellate Tribunal for Conscientious Objectors wnen tney sat in Manchester yesterday, said that both his parents were in the Navy. Spurgeon had been registered for non-combatant military service and had received a prison sentence for disobeying an order after he was called up. He said that before 1941 he had not had any pacifist association, but since then had been attending Friends' meetings and had worked with Friends in a rest centre. The tribunal ordered his discharge from the Army and regis tered mm as a conscientious objector conditionally. The following is the list of yesterday's decisions in full : APPEALS ALLOWED Aistast Removal from Uie Beci&ter (to til non-combatant nv.ll La rr KrvlMI. Harrr afarson 1X31 commercial artist. Hudderafleld: Wullam J. Prlchard (27. teacher. Harrocate. (Alter prison sentences for relualna medical examination. Acalnjt Non-combatant Military Sertlca (bo-.li coo- amonai exempuoni. rie. w. n Anoerson, xonaeriy cmema projectionist, iwornemoutn; te. Konaia 1 . o Spurgeon (20). formerly assistant baker. APPEAUI DISMISSED Aialnst Removal from the Reenter (flrit three after sentence for refualmt medical examination). Walter Feckltt 421). ah on assistant. York: Oeoraa A. Kay (34). formerly process engraver. York: Georse . ioaa u.aj. iormer:y art atuaent. Yonc: Jann Woodbum (38). bank r'.ri-Je auitint: Brian p Way (IB), actor and assistant state manager, on tour. Against Non-combatant Military Service (after wurt-maruai MaKncej. trie, aennetn xtaray. tasks before him ; we have prayed together that the winning of the " most lost " shall continue to be the special work of the Church Army. . The happiness of success has been ours : and God has graciously permitted me to see the work grow to the betterment of others. I pass more and more control into hands younger than mine, and I know that, under God, all who have helped will remember the work and assist it still. You have been good to the Church Army, which, in the name of God and of. ihe Church, is the servant of the people. In the present war and for the future we have wide commitments. I venture to ask once again for support by prayer, by interest, and by gift. For in this step, now announced we have sought, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, to be more worthy to betrusted with even greater responsibilities for service in these difficult days as well as in the hours of glorious opportunity which we believe will be ours in the years to come. Ever yours gratefully. Founder and Honorary Chief Secretary. r WHOLESALE SJMBIETY LTD. cs 1508 s The Manchester Assizes BLOWING THE HORN Pedestrians' Road Rights " A pedestrian has as much right on the road as a corporation bus " Mr, Justice Stable in the Civil Court at Manchester Assizes yesterday told a Bolton bus- driver in an action by Annie Wilkinson (79), of Fir Street, Bolton, whesued the Bolton Corporation for damages for personal injuries sustained when, on March 6, 1942, she was knocked down by a bus driven by James Cross in Blackburn Road, Bolton. In giving judgment for the plaintiff for 155 and costs, Mr. Justice Stable said that perhaps the least said about the case the better. He was reluctant to criticise drivers of these large motor-omnibuses. He .knew the arduous task they had to perform, and the constant strain it must be, but this was an absolutely outrageous case. It was Quite obvious from the evi- fdence that the road was clear of traffic. Two elderly women had allowed themselves ample margins to cross the road on the assumption that the traffic was being reasonably skilfully handled. When the bus-driver saw these two elderly women, and saw thm long before there was the slightest possibility of an accident taking place, the only precaution which occurred to him was to sound his horn a precaution perhaps more likely than anything else to create an atmosphere of alarm and panic. This was an example of the extraordinary mentality that appeared to prevail among motorists. The impression appeared to be that all the driver had to do if anyone was in the way was just to honk the horn. That was not the law. A BUSMAN'S " HOLIDAY " The privilege of free travel for uniformed employees of passenger transport undertakings to and from their work was a factor in an action by Joseph Richmond (47), of Basil Street, Preston, a conductor employed by the defendants, the Preston Corporation. It was pleaded in defence that Richmond was not a passenger for reward. Mr. Lyn&key. for Ui Dlalntiff. stated Uiat Richmond boarded a bus In Harcwood Road, Preston. a passenger DUt not as a lare-paymz passenger to xn to tils wor. Such emptoees going to and from their work were allowed to travel lrce on the Corporation buses. If they -were Injured In the course of the Journey they could not recover compensation under the Worlcznen's Compensation Acts. The case lor the piatnun was thai tne 'J J 3 xoor a bend far too quickly and swerved ao vlolenUy that Richmond was thrown Into the roadway and sustained Injuries to his neck and shoulder. Mr. Clothier stated that the defence was that the bus was driven In a perfectly normal ?ay. The J mice said that Richmond was having- a busman's holiday " 1 am satisfied nere," he said. " that Richmond was throvn oil the bus because that bus was being driven much too fast. 1 have no doubt that that was che cause of the accident. The only question was how much." Judgment was given lor the plaintiff for 200. SOLICITOR'S FRAUDS Penal-Servitude Sentence The trial concluded before Mr. Com missioner Morris, K.C., of William Walker Kemp (43), Beck Grove, Castle-ord, formerly practising as a solicitor at Bolton. He was charged on fqur counts of fraudulently converting to his own use a total of 2,900 alleged to have been handed to him for investment by Mrs. Sarah Hamer, Osmund Avenue, Breightmet, Bolton. Mr. T. E. HinchclifTe prosecuted and the defence waa conducted by sir. J. Catterall Jolly. E.C.. and ar It. xtroaaoent. David Herbert Peel Corbett. Verdure Avenue; Bolton, a former clerklo Kemp, replying to Mr. Jolly, said he was in charac of the office for five months from November, 1937, when Kemp was ilL He denied that he told Kemp that the 2,000 which was the subject of the first count was a personal loan to him, Corbett said that blank cheques bearing Kemp's signature had been eiven to him and on one or ' two occasions blank letter paper also bearing Kemn s signature had been given him. Mr. Jolly suggested to Corbett that 1.000 nad been repaia oy rvemp as income tax payment to the income tax authorities. Corbett replied that he knew 1,000 had been paid, but he did not know whether that amount cme out of the 2,000. He denied that another amount was received by him. and he also denied that Kemp had r.ot received any of the moneys in the last three counts amounting to acaou. Kemp, giving evidence, said he made a practice of signing blank cheques and blank letter-forms for Corbett to deal with. Corbett. he said, told him the 2,000 was a personal loan to him end hp could use it in wcat way ae UKea. He used the money to finance -builders with a view to obtaining conveyancing business, and 1,000 was repaid as income tax on Corbett's instructions He had received none of the proceeds of the 900 relating to the last three counts. Mr. Hinchcliffe : Do you put Corbett forward as a man who nas grossly deceived you? I do. Through him you are in this position to-day 71 am certain ox it. The jury, after an absence of ccventy- Bve minutes, found Kemp guilty on the first two counts and not guilty on the two others. The ' Commissioner sentenced him to three years penal servitude. TO-DAY'S LIST . The following civil cases are listed for hearing to-day : - RiehasoBd -T. Pyriton Oenraratloa (sort haesrd) McEelhv T- Bsrxow-ln-Foxncsa Coranrathm: BoweD. t. Konh-weacezn Road Car Osw UeU Green . Brows; Weslity v. Sosre: Jtar t. Miirti eater Corporation; aTTfwiifft t. resnr lire, nzrxworco ana nuro uas co.; rntcoam t- ssanmsartr corpcxaucc; oacxr Oascfcea. Ita. rarhs who tea scttiad tbetr cases or hare assE-nrVTS to ssakw ara requested to folorxa the Dogs, under three years old are being mobilised in Holland lor Germany's war machine, according to a notice in " De Tijd" ordering owners to. report with their dogs. No indication is given as to how the dogs are to ne psed, says Keuter. - - THE NEW FLYING FORTRESS new American bomber Boeing B DR. TEMPLE'S TRIBUTE TO CHINA "The Senior Partner" in the Alliance At a special service for China in St. Paul's Cathedral yesterday, the Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Temple) said : " Among the United Nations pledged to the cause of freedom China is, so to speak, the senior partner. It is not yet three years since war broke out in Europe ; for five years its horrors have been familiar in China. "To all who know her history China is an object of veneration. She had achieved a civilisation of high order when our ancestors were wild barbarians. Her outstanding virtues of constancy honesty, and patience render her immune to many of the shocks that have shattered other' societies. Now for a hundred years the outside world has been pressing upon China ; there are episodes upon which we look back with shame for our own conduct in them. And since the beginning of the twentieth century China has been forced against her will to take note of the modern movements among men. There has been some turmoil of thought and action. But the main impression created is that of a national spirit serene in its strength of purpose rising above one crisis after another m fulfilment oi a aesuny continuous with that noble past. " But no former crisis has been so searching as that of the last six years. Yet now more than ever, under the great leadership of her noble Generalissimo- we see her calm and collected in spirit, holding her a.wn with far inferior equip- Six ncnnle were killed and 37 injured -m a collision between two expresses at Burdwan station, on -tne Jiast mow Railway, on Tuesday night. The official Delhi express was stanaing wnen me down express crasnea into it. At O-KfnrrT Juvenile Court yesterday there was a sequel to a shooting affair outside a garage in Oxford on Tuesday. A 16-year-old boy was charged with murdering Edwin Frederick Taylor (52) and was remanded for a iortnignt. Salford Transport Department, which has not yet received any intimation from the Ministry of Transport concern ing the reduction in the number oi dus " request " stops, has in recent months eliminated a considerable number of these stops. This action was taken to reduce wear and tear on the mechanism of rolling stock. On his wav to serve 18 months' iptenf inn fnr desertion. Private Kenneth Lamb (22), of Brogsted Drive, Hucknall, Notts, jumped irom a tram near Leighton Buzzard (Bedfordshire) and was killed by an express. At the inquest at Lmslade yesteraay tne wiaow saia that he had had bad health in the Army, but had never threatened to take his me. ine veraict was accidental death. NEW AND OLD FILMS London, Wednesday. William Wyler's " Mrs. Miniver " opens at the Empire on Friday, and a remark able revival of Charlie Chaplin's "The Gold Rush" at the London Pavilion on Sunday. "Mrs Miniver" is an astonish ingly English picture to have come out of Hollywood. It faithfully delineates the life of a fairly prosperous married couple (Walter Pidgeon and Greer Garson) m a Home Counties village in the worst days and nights of the air raids. They are English, and the local aristocratic tyrant is as English as Dame May Whitty can make her. But this Is because wyler, with a common sense extraordinary in film directors, has chosen chiefly English actors. Even the baby Minivers have not the expected stridency of Hollywood infants, thoughit is true that the eldest son comes down from Oxford sporting a bowler hat and a Canadian accent. The nun has few other false' touches. It is simple and plain, sometimes deeply sentimental, sometimes oddly moving, and it will have a wide and prolonged appeal. Its best performances come from Teresa Wright as a pretty child who, quite wantonly and against all the rules of dramatic art. gets killed in a raid, and from Helmut -Dantine as a nasty and desperate German airman who finds himself in the Minivers' kitchen. Miss Gaxson handles the fellow with the delicate sense and sensibility which Elizabeth Bennet would have shown towards -a cockroach-Chaplin delivers his own running commentary sometimes serious, sometimes mock-heroic to the delightful revival of what is probably his supreme' film, the seventeen-year-old " Gold Rush." This is. in fact, one of 'the supreme films ever made by anybody, and certainly one of the funniest. Even its mannered heroine remains a joy. A witty musical score has been added by Mr. Mix Terr. The many composers inchtde CTwTles Chaplin, Johannes Brahms, and whoever wrote "Hielan" Laddie." . . , A.D.- Graduation Ceretnoayj Mrs. E. H. Hideout, cbiinnafi of Convocation, Liverpool University, writes. of the graduation ceremony on Saturday, at which'. Lord Derby read his speech seated, and owing to an injury to his rirht hand asas unable to shake hands- with the graduates; "When the first. student appeared before him -his hand went out. and ZxO-singie eradnate missed taucbine it. and so receiving admission to the Untsenity at tne band -oX. toe man .wno oas been -for sn Irma. no Azure-head of a Chancellor, but .a dear possession entering lnumaieiy into Jul phases az xunyerstty ine and 'especially into that of the students."- 17E, latest of the Flying Fortresses. ment against the onslaught of an enemy who had long prepared for the acts of banditry by which the civilised world has been outraged. " How hdS China met this challenge ? Has she concentrated' all attention on the destruction of the foe, indifferent to the effect of this on her own national life ? .On the contrary, in face of war and under its stimulus she has set about the nrrfsnicntinn nf a vpritahle renaissance in education and in the planning of her" social life, fauch a. spirit is unconquerable. "Such is the people with whom we are proud to be associated to-day ; such is the people to whom we pledge our utmost co-operation in the common cause ; such is the people for whose deliverance from invasion, oppression. and cruel warfare we are gathered here to pray. They and we have much in common ; on the basis of what is common to our traditions we can make fruitful to both the diversities which are there in equal measure. Bub first we stand together to bear what must be borne, to strike as opportunity is given to persevere till victory crowns our effort and opens the way to co-oper ation in the tasks and acts of peace. Urging the utmost generosity for the Aid to China Fund, the Primate said that in one Chinese city four times besieged, once -burnt, and continually bombed a service was conducted once a month m English for Europeans, and the collection taken at the first service was sent to the Dean of St. Paul's for a bombed parish in the City of London. N.-W. COMMISSIONER Mr. Shawcross & His Policy Mr. Hartley Shawcross, K.C., the new Regional Commissioner for the Northwestern District, was yesterday introduced by his predecessor. Lord Geddes, to the heads of the numerous Civil Defence authorities and organisations in Lancashire at a meeting held in the County Hall, Freston. Sir George Etherton, the County Controller, presided, and amongst those present were members of the County Emergency Committee, the Mayors, chairmen of Emergency Committees, and the Town Clerks of 15 Lancashire county boroughs ; the chairmen and secretaries of the Lancashire Non- County Boroughs' Association, the Urban District Councils Association, and the Rural District Councils' Association ; representatives of the w.VJS., and others. Lord Geddes thanked all those present for the help they had given him during his period of office as Regional Commissioner. Sir James Aitken, chairman of the Lancashire Emergency Committee, and others expressed appreciation oi the services of Lord Geddes and welcomed the new commissioner. Mr. Shawcross thanked the gathering for the cordial welcome he had received and remarked that he was not entirely a stranger to Lancashire, as apart from his family associations with Rochdale he spent the greater part of his professional life in practice on the Northern Circuit. He had come to admire the sturdy qualities of Lancashire people through having lived amongst them. He knew of the vital contribution the county was making to the war effort and how well and smoothly the war machine in Lancashire was running. It would be his constant aim to see that it continued to run well and smoothly. and he was looking forward to a period of useful co-operation with the local authorities to that end. J.t was his intention to make a tour of the county in the immediate future and see the different representatives in their own towns to discuss any individual prob lems in which his organisation might be of assistance. After the meeting a message was sent to Lord Derby expressing cordial appre ciation of" his outstanding services to Lancashire, and the Lord Lieutenant replied saying that he regretted that Lancashire was having to say farewell to Lord Geddes but he joined in the welcome to Mr. Shawcross. 60 ABSENTEEISM FINES Fines totalling 60. 20 in each of three cases, plus five guineas advocate's fee, were imposed by Blackburn county magistrates yesterday on James Pennington (21), sheet-metal worker, of Shackle ton Street. Blackburn, who pleaded guilty to unlawfully absenting himself from work on April 8 when a specified person under . the Essential Work Order and being persistently late for work between April 10 and May 2 and also between May 4 and May 23. He was given fourteen days in which to pay. with the alternative of two months' imprisonment in each case. POST-WAR CREDITS The issuing of aver 9.000,000 certificates for post-war credit for the year 1941-2 with assessment notices will mean a saving of the number oi envelopes. The issue .of certificates to salaried workers who are assessed once a yaar will begin towards the end of August and to weekly wage earners who axe assessed twice a year and -whose tax liability for 1941-2 is determined at a later - date than other taxpayers in December. James Scott (23). soldier, of Torre rvKrnt. Ltmtcn Avenue. Leeds, -was found cot guilty - at Leeds -Assizes on Tuesday of the- manslaughter of Henry John Gray - (41). miner, of - Orchard Crescent. Cross "Gates; near Leeds, and waa discharged. NURSING INQUIRY Peer's Talk of "Menaces" Lord Latham, a former chairman of the London County Council, alleged in the House of Lords yesterday that the Minister of Health had weakened in face of " what amounts to menaces and threats on the part of one person." Calling attention to the Minister of Health's action in limiting the scope of the Nurses Salaries Committee, he said : Because of the opDOsition of one trade union representative who threat ened to leave if the Rushcllffe Committee dealt with the conditions of nurses in mental hospitals the Minister weakened and in April intimated his decision to exclude mental hospital nurses." Now an official committee would deal with the salaries of ninety thousand nurses in general hospitals and an unofficial body would deal with the salaries of thirty thousand mental hospital nurses " This will result," he said. " in a con tinuation of competition between hos pitals for the thirty thousand nurses 'and will make still higher the wall of discrimination between nurses dealing with physical and with mental patients. "It is a little unworthy of a great department to recede before what amounts to menaces and threats on the part of one person and to disregard the large volume of disinterested opinion," added Lord Latham. Lord Snell, for the Government, said that the Minister contemplated that mental hospital nurses should be dealt with in the same way as other nurses if agreement could be reached, but in the absence of such agreement he could not suggest widening the committee's scope at this stage. MANCHESTER H.G. AWARDS Three Manchester Home Guard sergeants have been warded certificates from the G.O C.-fn-C. in recognition of their services during severe air raids. One of them. Sergeant H. Landing, of St. John's Street, Long-sight (known to his fellow-members as "Happy Landings"), is described in the citation as " a model of what every (.Home Guard should be." sergeant Xjanaiug, a memoer or. tne 48th Lancashire H.G. Battalion, was in charge of a platoon when a heavy bomb fell close by. A number of people were buried in property which was demolished and an S.O.S. was sent out t6 members of the platoon. Sixty-eight responded, , and under Sergeant Landing's direction a senior sergeant of the battalion and his family, who lived in one of the houses, were rescued. Sergeant Landing remained on duty night and day from Sunday night to the following Friday, until he was satisfied that every victim had been recovered. He is commended for gallantry and devotion to duty. Sergeant W. Walters, of the same battalion, has also been awarded a certificate for gallantry in-recognition of his cool leadership while in the centre of Manchester during a severe raid, and Sergeant J- M. Cox, of the 45th Lancashire H.G. Battalion, has been awarded a certificate for good service. BOOKS RECEIVED We have received the following books, Ac.: rrom the Cambridge tTnlTcnlty Press: THE POLLOCK-BOZjUES LETTERS. Correspondence of Sir Frederick PoIInelc and Mr. Justice Holmes, 1874-1932. Edited by Uark De WoIO Hove. Two toIs. 36s. net. From the Clarendon. Press. Oxford: THE NEW LZVIATHAN. Man. Society, ClTllisstlon. and Barbarism. By R. o. CoUlncwood. 21s. net. Prom tbe Commnnlst Party: THE RUSSIAN QIOKY. By William OaDacbcr. KJ. 2d. B. P. W. Deane and Sons: THE PUBLIC AND PREPARATORY SCHOOLS YCAR- EOOK. 1943 10s. eVd. net. Prom UaanUlan and Oo: MRS. FRENSHAM DESCRIBES A CIRCLE. By Richard CromptoD. Ss 6d. net. Prom Hatnphrey Mllford: XOTHXR-KOHT IN INDIA. By Baron Omar Soli Ehrentels. PbJ. Oamanla University Series. 12s. ed. net. Prom Qeorge Rctntladge and Sons: THE VArrr AlfO TBS PZW OR CULTURE AHD DESTINY. By Paul Bloomneld. 7s. 6d. net. - RACE Aim RACISU By Ruth Benedict. 7s. 64. net. Prom James Starr and sons. Winn: ' A FOURTH BOUQUET OF ENGLISH SOKHZTB. By John Edward Maarev. Is. CROSSWORD No. 162 ACROSS 1. The .flower is a dress in Welsh town 8. 5. Type or symbol (6). 9. Head coverings are her line (8. 10. Pertaining to the public treasury 46). IX. They are looked on as possible criminals 8). 12. Made reparation (6). 14. Tied in laee (anag.) (10). 18. It was once thought able to live in fire (10). 22. "Slav, , Kelt, I count them all My friends and brother Souls " (Tennyson) (6). 23. Protection for tortoise (8). 24. Fruit is in wet weather (S). 25. Give up ill-gotten gain (8). 26. The hypocrite's gait (6). 27. " That Bowl they call the Sky" .(Omar Khayyam) .(8). 1. Flowering plant (6). 2. Saucy. taste (6). . X Without power ft travels' through- air. (6). 4. Place ' occupant with commission in army (10). - - v' ' & Support, perhaps by argument (8). 7. Belonging to land in which the Spartans lived (8). & Diseases of body or mind (8). - -IX Its members are sent as trusted repie- . sentatives (10. IS. Inner form of coteries (8). ' ; 16L Deceptive appearance (8). " , 17. Not very dvil in manner S'.- ' la. Sins not for finger .bd for arm (8. - 20. .Bird of eaualily ana decay, (6). 21. Guard against attack (6). V ' V MISCELLANY Edited-by "Laeio" The Warm-Hearted A mood old. roaming, by-a nd-large debate V such as the Grandmother of Parliaments r stared on the subject of propaganda on Tuesday usually offers, in the necessarily curtailed reports, some excellent opporr tunities for wondering what on earth some of the sneakers meant. How much one would like, for instance, to see amplified (Hansard is not available at the moment of writing) Mr. W. J. Brown's declaration that we should cease to send to America "socialites, pip-squeaks, and varieties of the less human forms of life in which our country specialised " and concentrate instead on the temporary export of "the warm-hearted type of Englishman." How does one infallibly spot the warmhearted type of Englishman ? Does he , slap you on the -bacK ; is he the Britannia counterpart of the Nazis' Happy Hermann? Is he "the life and soul of tha party," or does he glow more sedately Cfter tha manner of the Vicar of Wakefield ? Does his warm heart show itself in active benevolence, distributing oranges (when available) to little boys and girls and shillings to blind' beggars, or is he just the type of good sportin' fellah who always sings in his bath and is first to get his hand down for a round of drinks? And are there not certain risks attached to the export of too definitely pronounced characters of any sort? A pessimist has been defined as one who has to live with an optimist. Is there not a chance that perpetual -British sunshine might set up a touch of refrigeration on the American side of the contact? After all, they too have their Calvin Coolidges as well ai thernvendell Willkies. The Vanished Car This month spells for many motorists the temporary end of the petrol age. and although most of them will be resigned to the use of communal vehicles there may be a few who will turn to the past for a choice of horse carriages. The choice should prove a rich one, for our ancestors enjoyed quite as many varieties of carriage as we do of motor-car models. The toll list of Conway Castle bridge, to take a mild example, contains this item: "For every horse, or beast o draught, drawing any coach, chariot, brougham, clarence, sociable, chaise, Berlin, calash landau, tandem, phaeton, gig, curricle, barouche, whiskey, buggy, or other carriage 6d " r "Or Other Carriage" The phrase " other carriage " Is no mere matter of form. If extended it would include such transport as the brake, wagonette, drag. tilbury, victoria, britzska, araba, kibitka, sulky, d&-objigeante, vis-a-vis, "dormeuse, jaunting-car, post-chaise, diligence, stage-coach, glass-coach, wagon, fly, cabriolet, hansom, shofle. growler, drosbky, dog-cart, trap, whltechapel, four-in-hand, unicorn, random, shandrydan. (What a gorgeous research feast some of these names provide for the curious philologist and derivation fiend !) Of course, the de-motored motorist jnay prefer to go even farther back, in which case he has a choice among the carriole, sledge, truck, limber, tumbril, pontoon, barrow, perambulator, bath-chair, sedan-chair, palanquin. Utter, brancard, crate, hurdle, stretcher, velocipede, hobby-horse, and go-cart. Unfortunately, the odds are on his presently cursipg the malign fate which cut him off from his Rolls or his Austin Seven. THE R.AP. AT WORK The exhibition at the Manchester City Art Gallery. "R.A.F. in Action," jointly arranged by the Ministry of Information and the Air Ministry, and to be opened to-day by the Lord Mayor of Manchester (Alderman Wright Robinson), admirably brings into public focus the work of the Royal Air Force and its auxiliary services. The arrangement in separate groups of photographs relating to the activities of each command is excellent, and tHe pictorial record is supplemented by more solid exhibits. Among -these tools of victory they include British and, fpr contrast, German cannon-guns is a demonstration bomb panel before which one can observe the actual process of releasing bombs. The working of a bomb sight and other deadly matters can be studied,, and not the least interesting is the contrast in British and German aircraft cameras and the illuminating stereoscopic study of the effects of British bombing. The whole display is as comprehensive as it is reassuring of the growing might of our air power. There are. in particular, in the Fighter Command section, fine photographs of Airocobras lined up, of a Boulton Paul Defiant in flare light ready for the night raider, and of a' Bristol Beaufighter high above the English countryside. Manchesters as well' as Stirlings and Halifaxes figure in the Bomber Command display. Army Cooperation, the Meteorological Flight, tbe W.A.A.F.. the A.T.C., aircraft production, ere all included to build up the integral picture. The exhibition is open' until August 3. - Another Portuguese steamer left Lisbon yesterday with a fresh contingent of troops for the Azores. n m m mmm nrpr TTi I i i ikrl t I 1) Hi infill! m iWi M i igi i j i mt mi m mam mimr m&mmm i i "isHsii"! ail ri id .r M ' M I j j bgM jm m p. lm mf 3M j TP5" I ZLZ ' mii ml' . "Mr 80LUTI0H TO CROSSWORD N. 1t PEAS C E 'SAT OR I O M DI BO' D EfT.A S CHBR1 TEL E 8 Si OCX B3C Tliigo bXhbb A I KSLf X Ol8I ONHSY 8 , ,. wi -XL-Em T REN SQOA IOISP IBB 1 X A L B I

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