The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on March 28, 1950 · 4
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 4

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Tuesday, March 28, 1950
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4 THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN. TUESDAY, MARCH 28, 1950 X X Air Vice-Marshal ARTHUR S. GOULD LEE CROWN AQAINST SICKLE Air Vice Marshal Arthur S. Gould Lee tells the complete story of King Michael as told to him by the young King himself "The story of a nation's ordeal as experienced by a small group of highly placed persons, headed by the King, of a period that is dark and infamous, not only in the annals of Rumania but of modern civilization " With 60 illustrations Ready March 30 21 TRISTAN BUSCH SECRET SERVICE UNMASKED Wickham Steed, former editor of The Timet, wrote to Mr. Busch of his book : " It is a record of probably unique personal experience with all the interest of a detective story ; and it has the curious quality of being most sensational where it is most matter-of-fact" 12 illustrations Ready March 30 16 f- An Entertainment NANCY SPAIN CINDERELLA QOES TO THE MORQUE Nancy Spain has involved Natasha Du Vivien and Miriam Birdseye in another of those delirious episodes which drew from Elizabeth Bowen in The Taller an admiring "the signature is enough" and a gasp af " incomparable " from Maurice Richardson in the Observer Ready March 30 96 HUTCHINSON Largest of Book Publishers GEORGE RONALD WAos Mai yom eto in the War, Granny ? DAUGHTERS OF BRITAIN BY VERA DOU1E Is the authentic and epic story of the mobilisation and work of British women in World War II. 76 net 12 photographs NEW HYPERION A Symposium of poetry and criticism edited by GEOFFREY HANDLEY-TAYLOR This is the second volume from British Poetry-Drama Guild and contains ankles of absorbing interest from distinguished writers. A handsome gift book. 76 net 2, ALFRED ST., OXFORD RBCBNT PUBLICATIONS A A VOICE THROUGH A CLOUD Denton Welch ' Proves that, by his death, the meagre world of contemporary letters has suffered a tragic loa." HAROLD NICOLSOM in the Observer. " Welch was a writer bora. Not even physical disaster could frustrate his angry, sensitive talent. Should we say genius?" Evening Standard. tot. 6cL THE SURE THING Merle Miller " A disturbing and convincing account of die recent witch hunt ot suspected Communists in the United States." nuNCis wymdham in the Observer. A, - remarkably interesting and exciting story. IllSJi CJUDSJOU. in the DrnHy Mai. iuvswdioed . I os. bd. DOSTOEVSKY Ernest J. An critical study of s dswsdsatntM as a in relation to the history ot ns ttsae. the author last wear Tor his y or lautaj. iSa. JOHN LEHMANNssmh novelist sad ideas was taahhr nruaad MSVSsQB -1 ... BookM of the Day D. H. "LAWRENCE By Norman Shrapnel The influence of D. H. Lawrence could I take reasonableness too far i as when he hardly have survived two world wars and the emotional preparations for a third. Fifteen years ago it was impossible to profess a serious interest in English writing without reference to Lawrence ; to-day the very mention of his name is likely to be considered perverse, or at least untidy. Yet the measure of the man particularly when set against the combined measure of a dozen living writers whom we are expected to regard with the utmost deference makes it at any rate a question for serious consideration whether it is Lawrence who has nothing of lasting value to say or' we who are no longer able to hear. The long cold silence which succeeded the clamour after his death is now broken by a full-dress biography from Mr. Richard Aldington, who rather ponderously calls his book Portrait of a Genius, Bat... (Heinemann, pp. viil 307. 15s.). Those who await that perhaps Impossible service to English letters, an objective assessment of Lawrence's work, will not find it here. Indeed, Mr. Aldington tells us that "it is my hope to avoid literary criticism " a hone only too easily realised, though few biographers have been so disarming about it. What Mr. Aldington has shunned is the pseudo-philosophising that has so befogged the work and the man. Yet there in the mist, one is more than ever convinced, is something exceptionally positive, vital, sane, and clear-cut. This is a cool and careful portrait, painted at arm's length. We are taken, as it were, on a tour of the recent battlefields without encouragement to start fighting all over again. There are times, indeed, when Mr. Aldington seems to JOHN TAYLOR By Harold An Enquiry into the Principles and Policy 1 01 tne uovernment 01 tne unltea states. By John Taylor of Caroline. Routledge and Kegan Paul. Pp. 562. 35s. Dr. W. Stark has become the editor of a new series which is to reprint, with an appropriate critical apparatus, the rare masterpieces of philosophy and science. It can hardly be said, however, that the " Discourses " of Machiavelli, or Plato's " Statesman," or Leibnitz's Theodicy," or Aristotle's " De Anima," even with the commentary of st. Thomas these are among the first eight volumes, are rare ; and they seem likely to be excessively dear to the reader. But Dr. Stark s first choice is an admirable one. John Taylor's Enquiry " has long been one of the rarities of Jeffersonian literature, and it has been difficult to acquire, even in America, for over a century. John Taylur was one of the most devoted and able of Jefferson's followers. A strict constructionist, an ardent advocate of state rights, the enemy of the. banker and the manufacturer of paper money and of the power which goes with the power to create the medium of circulation, he was, in spite of his diffuseness and inability to say anything simply if it could be said with complexity, one of the really penetrating MEDIAEVAL LANCASHIRE By J. S. Roskell South Lancashire in the Reien of Edward H. As illustrated by the pleas at Wigan recorded in Coram Reg-e Roll No. 254. Edited by G. H. Tupling. Manchester University Press for the Chetham Society, Third Series, Volume I. Pp. lxi. 160. 30s. This boot wilf hot only fascinate students of Lancashire history but will also attract the attention of a much bigger circle of scholars. Here to be viewed in sharp focus are the effects of the political and, later, treasonable opposition of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, to his cousin, Edward II. on a region where the territorial interests of the former. and his agents, were many and influential. At a time of even climatic. nd consequently economic, depression the country had been shaken in 1315 by a rising of some of the earl's well-to-do tenantry against him. In his intro duction the editor, by a judicious combination of chronicle and record evidence, analyses the interaction of the local family feuds occasioned by this event and the larger movement of baronial disaffection which Earl Thomas led until his execution at Pontefract in 1322, and he examines the administrative dislocation and turpitude to which these and other factors gave rise. The royal Inquiry which disclosed the local aspects of these matters had to wait a year and a half after the earl's death before it could be set in motion in October, 1323. In June, 1322, Bruce of Scotland was in Furness. and his outriders reached Chorley. Only the conclusion of a truce in May, 1323, permitted the Governmental attempt to pacify Northern England of which the sessions of the King's . Bench at Wigan were a necessary and important part. Coram Rege Roll No. 254 of the Public Record Office (here partly translated, partly calendared), with its multitude of local cases of presentment for felony and-trespass reaching back to the early yeaYs of the reign, is the judicial key to the local situation. Of all the suspected felons presented by the juries of the hundreds only six were hanged, but more than 230 men paid over 1.100 in amercements and fines at a time when the whole shire contributed short of 300 to what became the normal Parliamentary subsidy. SOCIAL DEMOCRACY The German Social Democratic Party 1914-21. By A. J. Berlau. Geoffrey Cum-berlege for Columbia University Press. Pp. 374. 38s. The failure of German Socialism in the years of Weimar is one of the old controversies which receives different solutions as the times vary. In this exhaustive study Mr. Berlau seeks to end it by showing the strength of the non-revolutionary tradition and the non revolutionary tendencies within the oartv from the beginning. Lassalle is given in the tradition his proper place as 1 opposed to Marx ; the revisionists con-tribute their quota to weakening Marxism by reinterpreting it quite differently from Lenin ; the social progress which was the work of the Imperial Government as well as of the party is shown as producing a new brand of "National Socialism" which was decisive in stampeding the party Into support oi the war. The opposition during the war was not defeatism that was left to revolting wings but criticism of Governmental incompetence to sain victory by rallying the spiritual, as well as the material, forces of German democracy, and finally, when the Government collapsed, the party decided in favour of the " bourgeois " rather than of the " Socialist " revolution. The story is not quite as simple as that summary would Imply. It is very complicated, but through the complications Mr. Berlau, supported by reading that seems as- nearly complete as is possible to a single student, teers a clear course. His book is very detailed and on occasions unnecessarily wordy, but he has written a valuable contribution to history which, however hard to read, has the merit of saying, if not the last word, then the last but one. R.T. C. points out mat the inconveniences suffered by Lawrence during the war were " little enough compared with what millions of men endured," and that most people would regard the "savage pilgrimage as a very enviable existence indeed. This seems a quite monumental begging of the question. Mr. Aldington has mercifully avoided the mistake of trying to see through the eyes of Lawrence; surely it is even greater presumption to expect Lawrence to see through the eyes of Mr. Aldington ? Here, nevertheless, is the best life of Lawrence that we have. To read it, and to re-read the best of the novels and stories and the letters, is to be certain that through all the emotional nagging and propnesylng, tne tediousness oi tne sex-morality, the- private army of jargon with which he defended his " dark gods," shines an awakening quality that no living writer In English possesses. Perhaps we shall now get what we so much need : a thorough examination of his status as a major novelist and a considerable poet. Even the obvious qualities, surejy, are rare enough his wonderful gift for setting oft a person or a place in a casual phrase that seems to carry the stamp of permanent judgment ; or the unerring way in which he touches the nerve of a situation and, without strain or device, fixes it in the mind. " His passionate eagerness for life that is what one loves so " : Katherine Mansfield's words provide a key that few of us to-day are able to. turn. We have travelled far since Mr. Eliot feared that Lawrence's work "mav appeal not to those who are well and ab'e to discriminate but to the sick and debile and .confused." By now, It may be, the fear has become a hope. OF CAROLINE J. Laski thinkers of the first half-century of United States history. The " Enquiry is perhaps the ablest of his books ; and though its effort to defend the simple agrarian society of the Virginia he knew was already obsolete when he wrote it it has a combination in it of incisive-ness and prophetic insight which makes it one of the major clues to American history from the twenties until the outbreak of the Civil war. Neither Jefferson nor Madison wrote anything that has cut so deep. In recent times the rediscovery of Taylor's importance is largely due to the well-known inquiries of the late Charles Beard into the origins of Jeffersonian democracy. Professor Nichols's introduction to this book is- disappointing. There is not an atom of evidence to show that Beard's inquiries into the earlv United States Constitution had the remotest relation to the excessive praise heaped upon it by Gladstone and Bryce. The simple reason why Taylor dealt at length with Marchmont Needham (a seventeenth-century journalist who was ready to write for Left or Right) was that John Adams made use of him for Federalist purposes. There are no notes to the volume, though many of Taylor's arguments need them for all readers not specialists in this period of American history. SUSSEX The Sussex Bedside Anthology. Compiled by Margaret Goldsworthy. Bognor : The Arundel Press. Pn. 626. 12s. 6d. If your week-end guest has done his duty by -your garden he will not read the book which (against your advice) he has taken to bed with him but will dip into one that stands in the spare room. If you live in Sussex, what has a better claim to be there than a Sussex anthology ? But what makes such an anthology a good one ? The first test is whether your village figures in it. Mine docs in Miss Goldsworthy's, if only because Reynell Cotton, author ot that classic eighteenth-century cricket poem, lived in it. It is perhaps a personal satisfaction but less merit in the book that several of our rivals in the cricket lield Warnham and Slinfold and Ebenoe find no mention. Ah, and here are pleasing excerpts from church yards and assize records (showing that Kirdford has always been strong for witchcraft). Next, a glance at the excellent indexes. What a iot of Hilaire Belloc (to whom, indeed, the book is dedicated), of Jefferies, Lower, Cobbett, and the considerate Mr. Wilkinson, who carted his puppets to so many villages, How little of Kipling and Sheila Kaye- So one comes to consideriae omissions Had Harrison Ainsworth nothing to say a.Dout uucKheld William Hickev no kindly comment on Eastbourne ? Surely Brighton has provoked a galaxy of writers to praise or insult? (I will not adventure mto the county of East hussex.) Are the gaps a matter of taste or copyright ? At all events thev tempt a Sussex host to thoughts of a supplementary volume. Of this however, his guest will know nothing but put out his light (let us hope) with a Belize fantasy ringing! in his memory or the thought, implanted perhaps by Cobbett. that for all their foibles anri fables countrymen are much alike our islands oer. M. R. K. B. DOSTOEVSKY " If anyone could prove to me that innst is outside the truth," wrote Dostoevsky, " I would prefer to stay with Christ and not with truth." The affirmation is not an " Open Sesame " to the whole mind of Dostoevsky something more is required to explain the demoniac side of an obsession which roaae nogoznm tne companion of a Myshkin and a scoundrel Verhovensky the revolutionary counterpart of rvirmov but it is an lndisrjensable kpv Mr. Richard Curie has not overworked it in Characters of Dostoevsky (Heinemann, pp. 224, 12s. 6d.). By analysing six characters from each of the four famous novels he has produced an impressively detailed and at times provocatively speculative survey, but, unhappily, the book is not a new bridge but little more than a hand-line across the gap in our understanding of the greatest of psychological novelists and a prophet on whom to-day's descendants of . The Possessed " reflect an ironical apotheosis. Gorky's " ideal man " is said to be in the making ; Dostoevsky, whose passive sympathy with human suffering was condemned by Gorky as " useless and sterile," set down his " God-men " on paper and there they still live, a little neglected perhaps but, in life insurance parlance, a better risk than their usurpers against the Day of Judgment The Devil himself said as much to the dreaming Ivan. W.E.C BOOKS RECEIVED We have received the following books. &c: THE SCOTTISH DSUBtA. . BOOS. KB. oa. JKAJt BASOIB 12. 6d. Br Baser kotrtta da OM. Un! tenet; Pi Ml: LQsony amd .aatbSt j 'U. Comfort Sdlud at W ad Co.; HHP. Mr mm Tl m JTJ. tni 4KB iatatM By Hssttaes.'Dafti9 at Bedford, nmstimtad. 21.. user rout uafm Am mtmrn irmniii ii rmMn i THAT. Ba Pn tbk TCAnaor QUIET TERM AT OXFORD Honour School for Music From our University Correspondent Oxford, March. By present-day standards the term which has recently ended at Oxford has been quiet. There have been some issues before the university that would once have been reckoned considerable ; but the university has taken them in its stride. At one end of the academic ladder an Honour School of Music has been planned. At the other end a new structure Of Besponslons has been ddvisea to accord with the General Certificate of 'Education and to operate tor an experimental period of three yeara. On the perpetual question of remuneration Congregation has rejected a proposal to raise the stipends of teachers in ore-clinical studies who -are not medieajy qualified to the level recently laid down for their medically qualified colleagues. None of these causes has aroused much excitement ; and even less excite ment nas been aroused by the fact that the term has been the first under new proctorial regulations which no longer require undergraduates to wear gowns in me town aner aarK, and no longer list certain specifically approved " hotels and restaurants. These proc torial provisions simply accommodate the law to the facts : more interest may be taken next term in watching the administration of the law itself ; for the new proctors are both lawyers, and they oe assisted by a new university But in the past term university atten in general nas been directed to otner matters. Uislranchisement was not accompanied by any marked oecrease ot interest in the general election ; and it has been nntoH with some satisfaction that1 the new House of Commons contains 125 Oxonians, of whom seven are Ministers (three of them in the Cabinet) and one a Junior Minister. Some members of the university have felt concern, and some have been gratified, to think that the names of 1,178 research students now appear on the list of the Committee for Advanced Studies. Others have been at pains to discover how it is that the University uaienaar nas now reached the unprecedented size of 1.211 oases. Some have been concerned with an interdenominational mission to the university. A part of the buildings of the new Nuffield College is new visible, ancr the Martyrs Memorial has now been repaired. None the less, preparations have been quietly proceeding on boards and com mittees on important business for the next few terms. The building programme is one of the major items of such business. Many colleges have plans, some long deferred and urgent, for repairs and renovations. Various university bodies want extensions, rehousing, or a move from temporary to permanent quarters. Only some of these projects are likely to be permitted to start in the near future. and therefore some order of preference has to be established. At the same time estimates have to be begun in order to be ready next year for the next quinquennial grant period. There has thus been no more than a lull, and it is even unlikely that the Trinity Term will be as quiet as the Hilary Term has been. BOY AGED 13 ACCUSED OF MURDER Court Orders Remand Thomas Anthony Loughlin (13), of Grosvenor Street, Stalybridge. was at Stalybridge Juvenile Court yesterday remanded to a remand home until April 17, accused of the murder of Peter Evans, aged 10. of Grasscroft btreet, Stalybridge, on Saturday. The chairman, Mrs. E. A. Higson, ruled that the accused boy's name could be made public, although the father objected. Loughlin's only remark was one word " No " when he was asked if he had anything to say before the remand. Chief Superintendent A. Weatherby. of Stalybridge, said that Evans was found dead in a field beside a football ground on Sunday, tie added that tne boy was lying face downward with extensive neaci injuries from which he had obviously died." Detective Inspector Rogers said thut Loughlin was in bed when he called to see him, and continued : " He was requested to dress and put on the same clothes he had on the night before. At the police station I saw he had what appeared to me to be bloodstains on both legs of his trousers. 1 said I had reason to believe he could tell me something about the murdered boy. He said, ' Yes ; I hit him with a stone,' " Inspector Rogers said that when charged with the murder Loughlin said, "That's right.'' PICTURE THEATRES Two French films come to Manchester thie week, and the distance between them seems at least as wide as the Atlantic Ocean. Marcel Pagnol's " Marius." at the Deansgate. is a quiet comedy though its ending is far from comic which has Raimu in one of the best of al! his 1 performances. He is a .Marseilles barkeeper whose son, Pierre Fresnay. cannot matee up his mind whether to marry Orane Demazis or go to sea. Not all the actiog is good, but Raimu is superb. We get the essence of him : the sudden intensity collapsing into exhausted dignity, the bursts of violent but reasonable anger, and the shambling walk that is never quite defeated, the counterplay of those dominating eyebrows and those wonderfully eloquent hands. Pierre Fresnay is the only common factor between this -picture and the one at the Continental. " La Fille du Diable." There he takes the part of a gangster who. after a car crash, impersonates a millionaire returning to his native village. In case that may seem rather a jolly notion it has to be made clear that this film is sombre and violent m the extreme. The heroine is a young woman with a perfectly understandable grudge against society who, nevertheless, will constantly remind an English audience of one of Mr. Searle's frightful schoolgirls. She collects a gang of ruthless infants round her, and is so disgusted when the pretender quietly gives himself up to the police that she shoots aerseu. une s nerves are somewhat soothed by an interesting pictorial account of old French tapestries which follows. "Hiding High." at the Odeon, has Btng Crosby in a morality film about racing ethics. Parts of it are very funny ; but there Is one sequence, concerning an honest racehorse's funeral tributes, which is so embarrassing that the only thins one can aecemly ao is to shut one's eyes at this point and keep them shut until Mr. Crosby starts making his jokes again. The inquest on Leslie Smith (22), a J" ? Bell Isle Road, Ha worth, and Bohert Thompson Allinson Woolcomber 4 of vctona Road, Haworth. who werefomd dead with gunshot wounds onijrow Moor on Sunday, was adjourned yesterday until April 5 after formal evidence had been given. hopes of Brighter DIET But No Promises Yet The Minister of Food. Mr. Maurice Webb, was asked by Mr. J. M. C Higgs (C. Bromsgrove) in the House of Commons yesterday what he proposes to do in the near future to improve the variety of foodstuffs generally available. " I am in full sympathy with this aim," Mr. Webb replied. " The increased range of foods has enabled us to have a more varied diet and greater freedom of choice in recent months. I shall do my best to ensure an Improvement in this respect consistent with fair sharing of essential foodstufls, but at this stage I cannot say what I can do until I have studied the position more fully." Mr. S. Awbery (Lab. Bristol Central) asked the Minister if he would now consider reducing the extraction of flour from wheat In order to Increase the whiteness of the flour, to produce more cattle provender, and thus save dollars, and also release the ships now being used as granaries, so that they could perform the task for which they were constructed. Mr. Webb replied : " Of course I should like everybody to have the sort of bread they prefer, but in the matter of the extraction rate we have to consider where we can buy the extra wheat and whether it would .cost dollars. My department is watching oil these changing factors very closely, and when the balance of advantage lies with further reducing the extraction rate of wheat we shall do it. No ships are used for storing grain at present." SCARCE SULTANAS Replying to Mrs. Barbara Castle (Lab. East Blackburn), Mr. Webb said: " Because ot the poor Australian crop last year, sultanas will be very scarce for the next few months. We are allocating to individual areas in turn all we get. Later we hope to have enough fruit to distribute some in all pans of the country. Mrs. Castle : Is the Minister aware that currants at present available In the shops are tending to hang fire because the housewife has no sultanas to mix with them ? Mr. Webb : Perhaps Mrs. Castle would take me out to see a currant hanging fire. (Laughter.) Asked by Mr. John E. Haire (Lab. Wycombe) if he was now in a position to state when fresh cream would be made available for the general public, Mr. Webb replied, " I am afraid I am not now In a position to say it I can arrange for supplies of fresh cream. Naturally, if our milk supplies permit, I would iike to do so." If it was possible this year ft could only be for a short time and supplies would be scarce and expensive. The Minister, in a written rerjlv to Mr. F. W. Harris C Croydon N.) who asked when he expects to increase the present swetts ration from 5oz. a week to meet the existing increased demand, said the sweets ration is one of the things he Is looking at in his general review of the sugar situatiua. He would rather not make any forecasts yet. UNIVERSITY NEWS Oxford Scholarships and Exhibitions OXFORD, Mahch 37. The following elections have been made : LSiVEHSirc COLLEGE. War Memorial Medical Schojurihip; id. 6. Whttehouae (Kind's CUlege Sch.. Wimcetioni. Open SciiuiMibipi Id KiurLl Bdeaoe: PL (St John Sch., La&tucrhevi i , K. Wui i A.tiibiibop Holrate'i G.6.1. Open Eittibiuon in Natural ScJcnce, p. R. Cox (Petw Symonda'a 6ch.. WLncneiterj. a. B. Fowler (SebrigHt Sch.. Wolverlcj). MLU TON. Open Poumasterablps tn Cluslcs: M. T. Grecian iStonyhurst CoU.)F J. E. S. Driver iKinsswoorf Sen..), P BecJtman iSt, Paul's Sch.). P. R H, WriM iMar.barauK A Coll. i . Chambers Postmutexablp ta Class. c: H. R. S. Davies lEton Coll.). Open Kiii, sulcus ta Clsuslct; 8. J. Finch (Preiton d.SJ, C. F. Kinrdon ( WtmliLster ftch.i. Open Poat-ruaitershipe Ln Modern HLitory: T. H. Coulson tftoyal Q.S.. Newc&stJe-on-Tjr&e). J. A. Turwj (DulwlCh Ocl.). J E. M, Lucie -Smith (Klnas 8ch.. Canterbury). Open Exhibition in Modem History- I. A. Wtt i University of Aberdeen). T. H. EG endow la (Bolton Sch I, A. C. Brownjohn (Brockr County Sen.). ORIEL. Open Bcbolirahips in Ciwslcs: R. M. B OoocfeL (Mrbborajn Co.!) J. A. Btecfcveil iBlundeLl'a Scb.t, M. D. CnUtf (B&rrow Bcb.J, O. . Mxt:n ilXds a, S.i. Open Scholtrsblu in Hlstorjr: L. G. D, BaJcer i Chrtot'i HopttJi M. D. EXmcisn Anipierforli .Doll. i. Brjco Oven Schoiarthtp: J. E. Lemwan fHarrow Bch.t. QUFFN'S. Oprn Sr hnlanbip in Mathematics: D. H. Hopewell (Hmh Pavement Sch.. Nottingham. LINCOLN. Open SchoLftrahip m Cits a, as: R. O. B. Budge (OaaridhouM?). Open Schol&ntbLPs In HUiotJ : J. D, McHardy (The Queen Sch.. Bulnfitoke i , K. O. Butlerfleld iMerchunt Taylori' Sch.. W. O. Simpion (Brvunfton Sch i, S. B. Thorn sj ( Amplelonh Coll i. open Srholarahips kn English: N. P. R. L. Mucnel iBatccr.-ea Q.S.i. C. P. Cottls (Forest Sch J-Opfn Sfhajirsh:p in Modern L4nEUAKea: S. Mltche.l LChrlats Coll.. Flnchtejt. BRASEN08E Open SrholfcnhLpe ln Casstci: P. A. R. Oreenatreet (Ruffbr Sch. . D. hi. pTooxne 'Beaumont Coll 1. D. F. Autrtin LSI. Edward"! Sch.). Open Scholarship ln History: J. Aire yd (Ha,ta G.S , Haliisju. Somer&et Uven Scholarship in Mathematics: P. Duncan (Manchester O.B.i Open (Hulme) Exhibitions: D. O. BUMlej (Queen Kltx&beth Q-fi-. Wikeneldi. History, O. C. Leigh-Wllllama ( Winchester Coll. j. Classics. J. N. Lyness (Uppingham Sch. t. Mathematics. Keberden Harrow Exhibition ln History: F. S. Kerr (Harrow flch.j. Heath Harrison Major Ex bib: tion in Law. P. F. S. KSttermaater (Rucrbj Sch.). Heath Harrison Minor Exhibition in Law: F. D. WaJdock ( Upptncham Sch. I . Domus Exhibition ln History: J. F Jackson Sedberch flch.t. CHRIST CHURCH- Open Scholarship In Classics: H T D. Graham (Eton Call.l J. V. M. Sturdy iMada)en Col). Sch.)- O. D, P. McDonald Ampleforth . Open Exhibition In Clfcaskci: R. J. E. Liddiard i S:ii-iiury Sch). Open Socio: a rah lp Ln H.story: G D. Ne-W t Ampleforth Ooll ) . S A. M Adshcad Etcnre Sch.l. Open Exhibition tn History. B. Vaugban Williams (Cheltenham ColL. Open Scbolararrip In Mathematics H. Morton Alop HJB.. Livwrpbon. Open Exhibition ln Mathematics; C. 1. Bui! OCX Bournemouth Ben.). TBINTTY. Millard Open Scholarship in Natural Serene?: J. T. Dufce fOhrtot's Hoftpttal). Open BcboiC9 ship in Natural Science: 3. D, Fatter fFortanoUth OS.) P. O. Oorran (Ore-sham's Sch.. Holt). Open Minor Scholarship tn Natural Science- R- Salter Ar&atiy Coll.). WADHAM. Open Scholarship In ErmUah: P. R. P. Mslekin (Henry Thornton O.S.V PhlWip WriM Exhibition in KnclLsh: O. Nonnie (Manchester OJS.)-HERTFORD. College Exhibition ln Mathematics: D L D. Marah (Bristol GS ). ST. EDMl'NO HA1X. Open Scholarships ln Modern HitorT' P. R. Bnmtail rKinu's Srh.. Canterbury . N. TeiVr (Owen's Boh.. London. Open Scholanh'p in Enrich Liieraiurp-1 A. O Felensin Mercer a sort.. Holbfrnh Open S hola rihl p In Modern Lanr-'.iasjes: A. B. Currr rKiiw's rVh.. Csrterburyi. . A. P:mmonrts rChrtrnrf GS l- Oorn Schu'.rshlp tn Geography M. M Philpou (Stamford Sch . CAMBRIDGE. March 27. Canon A. M. Ramsey. Professor of Divinity in the University of Durham, has been appointed Regfus Professor of Divinity. THE MICHEL1N GUIDE With its issue oi 1950 the Michelin Guide to France celebrates its first fifty years. The new volume is published in England by Anglo-French Periodicals, Limited (25, VUliers Street, London, W.C.2). at 17s. 6d. It is better than ever. The volume has been made more handily compact but has gained In significant detail. There are more prices of hotels and meals and more details about lood than in the other post-war issues. The " bonnes tables section is stronger and there are . interesting new maps for cheeses and regional delicacies. But how sparingly are the stars bestowed ; two is now the maximum, and ol these delectable establishments there are only 38 in all France. The exigent standard is kept up, and even on the last year or two there are changes. To the list of hotels isoles " (with their symbol of a little bird) ia added a new category of "les hotels agreables " hotels where you live well and which you do not want to leave ! This is a new venture and the " enquetes " continue. But the' riches of the Michelin Guide are infinite. It puts our English guides to shame. No tourist in France should be without it OVER 100,000 RECEIVED FOR THANKSGIVING FUND Contributions totalling 100,03d have been sent to the Lord Mayor of London from all over Britain since he opened his National Thaaksslvina Fund on Wednesday. This does not represent the total of contributions, as thorn made through the banks will not be known until to-morrow, and those through the post omces not unui Anr 9. British Airmanship SOMETHING TO The past 30 years have seen not only the development of British airlines from' the first London-Paris service to a vast network covering nearly 70 countries, but also the steady maturing of something beyond machines and scientific progress. Throughout Britain and the world this has come to be known as British Airmanship and already it has earned a significance comparable? with that which traditionally attaches to British Seamanship. t British Airmanship sums up the reputation for skill, enterprise and reliability which in just over a generation of air travel has become inseparably associated with British airmen something, indeed, to be proud of. I FLY BRITISH ISSUED BY BRITISH OVERSEAS AIRWAYS CORPORATION AND BRITISH EUROPEAN AIRWAYS Haiti 9 AJfeiS Full detail! and entry fornu crc In the April isnxa of good aomensmw uit out. The Competition Is open Co every woman, and mMmn.. j, di that it required. Other attractions in the 15a page April issue are new abort scary by A. A. mzlms; Before your newsagent iii"! nir i Ma.Ton is. ln,cT,uc'l!!u,,l GOOD HOUSEKEEPING ONE SHILLING AND NINRKNCS Book COMPETITION Open . to aO children under fifteen. An Entrance Form for this exciting com petition, will be supplied to every purchaser of two Tallies," each 7d. FIRST PRIZE 25 and 50 other prizes CLOSING DATE MAY lit. ASK FOR DETAILS AT ANY GOOD BOOKSHOP Scribners ANNOUNCE PUBLICATION OF THE FIRST VOLUMES OF The Twentieth Century Library General Editor: Hiram Haydn. Albert EINSTEIN His work and ita influence on our world. by LEOPOLD INFELD ' Charles DARWIN The naturalist as, a cult Oral force, by PAUL B. SEAKS JA. JOYCE Hta way oi interpreting tha modern by W. Y. TINDALL The Twentieth Century library esfets the intelligent brman as expert evabaiioa of those thinkers of die pest hundred years who have .most deeply inflnenced the tTnTrm1 currents of cor time. Bach vetoes 10s. 64. est, 23r BerUord Square, WC 1 , BE PROUD OF s brilliant article about film director CAROL 0 THUD MM1) USB, by & A. LBsuta; clem articles est FasUoo, Punishing', Gardenias, SbopplnaVand hpinf Insatuu . . .and. . bot don't wait, tee tor Tourtcif fet your copy NOW 1 sells out get the , THEATRE LIBRARY " Exciting and tuperblf turned out." Time and Tide. "RIP VAN WINKLE" The Autobiography of JOSEPH JEFFERSON With a foreword by ELEANOR FARJEON Futiy Illustrated " lefienon writes as wisely about the art of acting as soy great actor has ever done." Manchester Guardian, i8. net BUILDING A CHARACTER A New $ook by OONSTANTTN STANISLAVSKI 5-

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