The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on March 5, 1955 · 10
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 10

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Saturday, March 5, 1955
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10' THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN SATURDAY MARCH 5 1955 LABOUR REVOLT " CALCULATED AND OFFENSIVE" Sir H. Shawcross Attacks Mr Bevan From our Labour Correspondent Sir Hartley Shawcross declared' yesterday that the revolt within the ' Parliamentary Labour party executed on Wednesday by Mr Bevan and his friends had been a calculated and offensive attempt to undermine Mr Attlee's authority. It had been in Sir Hartley's experience unequalled by anyone pretending to accept the obligations of loyalty to the Labour party. He was discussing in a message to his constituents at St Helens the conduct of the 62 Labour members who abstained from voting for the Opposition amendment to the Government Statement on Defence and Mr Bevan's direct and public challenge to Mr Attlee to define Labour's policy about the use of the hydrogen bomb. The Parliamentary Labour party will discuss the same subject on Wednesday. The amendment which Mr Bevan and his supporters refused to support had been drafted in its name. Their action was therefore contrary to the considered policy not only of the Opposition Front Bench, but also to that of the majority of their parliamentary colleagues. Mr Bevan lent further emphasis to what is held to be an open revolt by asking Mr Attlee in the House to define the real meaning of the Opposition's amendment. His own contention or demand was that the Labour party should dissociate itself from any plan to use the hydrogen bomb against "any" form of attack. He maintained that Labour had never agreed to use nuclear weapons against " conventional forces " "Conduct of this kind." Sir Hartley said to his constituents, "is well calculated to hold our party up to ridicule and contempt." He said that he had sympathised with those Labour members who had voted, or abstained, for conscientious reasons, but thought that "grave harm" had been done by so-called Left-wing members who had done so without any serious pretence at conscientious objection. Sir Hartley said that he had voted for the Labour party's amendment " both in loyalty to the party's decision and because I think that the policy as at present envisaged is quite beyond the country's economic and manpower capacity." He continued : "The Government have not made the arrangements necessary to co-ordinate the production .programme with the other N.A.T.O. countries so as to avoid wasteful overlapping, nor have they ensured that the financial burden of defence should be shared equitably by means of a common defence budget for the N.A.T.O. countries. The Labour motion having been defeated I also voted against the substantive motion approving the Government's White Paper policy. I did so for the same reasons, but with hesitation and in loyalty to the party decision. . "Terrible as the situation is, it Is now essential that this country should manufacture the hydrogen bomb and make clear that it will use it if necessary against any one who commits a major aggression against the United Nations or ourselves. The suggestion that we should only use the bomb if it has first been used against us is fatuous, suicidal, and almost criminal. . It would leave the Communists free to annihilate us with their overwhelming superiority in the so-called 4 conventional weapons of mass destruction, wotmng' coma prevent our enemies reaching the Channel coast, from which they could quite quickly subjugate us. . . . Best Hope for Peace " There would be no chance for us to use the bomb if it had first been used against us. Nobody would doubt the folly of a small man armed with a pistol and about to be attacked by a great bully, with a bludgeon, telling his assailant that he would throw away the pistol and leave the bully free to wieid his bludgeon. . . . " The best hope for maintaining Deace now is to-make it quite apparent to every-bodv that war is suicidal. In these matters we would all do well to agree with the responsible, statesmanlike views expressed bv Mr Attlee. I was myself brought up in a pacific atmosphere. I hope I have as profound a respect for human life as most people- I therefore sympathise with those who abstained from voting for the Labour party's amendment on conscientious grounds. Indeed I admire them." "U.S. VETOED TALKS" Labour M.P. on Why He Abstained Mr Harold Davies. Labour M.P. for Leek, declared at Broughton, near Chester, last night that the Labour party must demand the abandonment of the hydrogen bomb race and insist on talks with Russia now. Mr Davies, who was one of the Labour M.P.s who abstained from voting on the Opposition amendment on defence in the Commons on Wednesday, said : "Sir Winston Churchill's intervention during Mr Bevan's speech in the defence debate revealed the stark truth. The United States vetoed Great Power talks on the hydrogen bomb. That is the justification for the actions of the Labour M.P.s who abstained from voting." Mrs Barbara Castle, M.P., said at St Amies last night, that the general election will be fought on the question of the hydrogen bomb. Referring to Labour differences she said : " We don't say. 'Yes' every lime the boss says what we ought to do. I have got to search my conscience. Chuck me out of the Labour party if vou like. But I am not prepared to lend my support to this country making the next war, a war in which we begin by dropping the hydrogen bomb on Russian cities when, as yet, they have shown no signs of using it against us. I am not speaking 'as a pacifist and would vote reasonable defence until we get disarmament. The West has, however, military dominance. If thev are not prepared to use it to negotiate for peace now then any arms I vote for would be arms for war." The Manchester Amateur Photographic Society's J. C. Grime Cup, entries for which were recently exhibited at the Central Library, Manchester, has been awarded to Mr H. Milligan for this photograph taken in the St George's clearance area, Hulme. Entries are assessed by two judges, one for photographic skill and one for documentary record value. Of this pictut-e Mr Sidney Horrocks, the Reference Librarian, says : " It is really an important social document. It shows a corner shop of the type so frequently included as an integral part of Victorian neighbourhood planning, as well as the back-to-back method of property building " DELAY IN BUILDING FACTORY DENIED Weather Only Trouble Holland arid Hannen and Cubitts, Ltd., of Liverpool, the contractors working on the Milliard, factory at Simonstone, yesterday commented on a statement by Alderman H. W. Throup, chairman of Nelson Corporation Development Committee that hundreds of hours of working time had been wasted because the architect had chosen to use London bricks instead of those made locally. The statement said : " The architect specified Deerplay bricks, which are selected commons made by Accrington Brick and Tile Co., but that company could not supply the bricks to meet our programme. Bricks of the quality and quantity required could not be obtained locally, but we had guaranteed delivery of the right type of bricks from London Brick Co. We have never been held up by shortage of bricks at Simonstone. The only cause of delav has been the weather. . . . But in spite of the weather we are almost on time with our programme " An official of Accrington Brick and Tile Company said : " We told the architects we could not supply the whole of their demand from our Deerplay works in the time specified, but we have supplied and are still supplying a tremendous quantity of bricks for the Simonstone factorv. In addition to the bricks from the Deerplay factorv we are supplying from our Nori works all the facing bricks for the Simonstone factory. ACCIDENT RATE PER VEHICLE LOWER Result of Safety Drive ? Although 64,000 motor vehicles were registered in Manchester last year, the accident rate was only 540 per 10.000 vehicles, compared with 680 in 1947, when there were 37,500 registrations. L,asx year tne total number of accidents was 3,358, compared with 2,545 in 1947. In a report to the corporation's public safety committee yesterday, the city surveyor, Mr R. Nicholas, says that the lower accident rate per 10.000 vehicles suggests that the various measures taken to promote road safety have more than offset the increase in accidents which might have been expected because of the greater number of vehicles using the roads. SEARCH FOR SAINT'S BURIAL PLACE Doubts Remain A search in Lincoln Cathedral has failed to establish the actual burial place of Saint Hugh of Lincoln, who died in 1200. A cathedral spokesman said yesterday that, with the permission of the Home Secretary, search had been made in the chapter house and a number of coffins had been opened. The search was supervised by Sir Wilfred De Gros Clark, the man who exposed the Piltdown skull forgery, Mr Rupert Bruce Mitford, and Dr H. J. Plender-leith, of the British Museum. Interest, the spokesman continues, had been centred on one coffin where the recess for the head seemed to be empty. With this skeleton were robes, chalice, and a paten ; on the floor were crushed fragments of a skull suggesting that the rest of the skull had been removed. Doubt arose as to whether there had been a hurried reburial of Saint Hugh's body, because other bones' were in their proper position suggesting that at the time of burial the body was there as a whole. " No certain conclusions can therefore be reached." the spokesman said. OBITUARY Most Rev. L. G. Vining The Most Rev. Leslie Gordon Vining, Archbishop of West Africa, died at sea aboard the mailboat Apapa yesterday, states a British United Press report. He had left Lagos on Tuesday after several weeks of extreme ill-health. The Apapa is due to-day at Freetown, Sierra Leone, where, it is understood, the Archbishop will be burjed. Dr Vining went to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and Ridley Hall. After being a curate in Sunderland, domestic chaplain to the Bishop of Bristol, and an Army chaplain, he was for twenty years Vicar of St Albans, Westbury park. He went out to West Africa in 1938 and was Assistant Bishop on the Niger until 1940. when he became Bishop of Lagos. Ho had been Archmsnop of west Ainea since laoi. SIR ANDREW AGNEW Sir Andrew Agnew, who as war-time chairman of the Petroleum Board was one of the men responsible for the thousand-mile pipeline which supplied fuel to the Allied invasion armies in France and Germany, died yesterday, aged 73. Sir Andrew spent more than fifty years with the Shell oil group, and was managing director o the Shell Transport and Trading Company when he retired last year. He began his career in the East, and was formerly a member of the Legislative Council of the Straits Settlement. He was knighted in 1938. MR W. GREENWOOD Mr William Greenwood, a former Mayor of Salford, died in a nursing home yesterday aged 86. A Conservative, he was twice the victim of the Salford Labour group's policy of monopolising the aldermanic seats. He was unseated in 1935, when Labour had a momentary majority, but was back within three weeks as councillor after a hard-fought by-election. He was reappointed as an alderman, and was again unseated in 1946. He was for many years chairman of the Watch arid Transport Committee. He won many prizes as a runner in his youth, and took a lifelong interest in amateur sport. He was a former president of the Northern Counties Athletic Association, and helped to form the Central Lancashire Cricket League. MR R. P. WATSON Mr Reginald P. Watson, of Halevon, Hereford Road, Sale, died on Wednesday after a short illness at the age of 57. He was the chairman and founder of the Manchester and District Rambling Club for the Blind, which celebrated its twentv-first anniversary in September. Mr Watson, who was himself blind and was a piano-tuner, was also chairman of the Manchester Branch of the National Federation of the Blind. T. & G.W.U. RAISES PARTY MEMBERSHIP TO A MILLION Move Not Political But Financial From our Industrial Staff Mr Arthur Deakin, the general secretary of the Transport and General Workers' Union, speaking at a meeting in London yesterday of the union's Executive Council, said that the union had increased its affiliation to the Labour party from 835JJ0O to one million. This will cost the union another 6,000 or so a year in affiliation fees. The card vote of a million will, of course, be the biggest single vote at the Labour party conference. The 165,000 new votes will strengthen the Right wing of the party, but Mr Deakin did not for a moment suggest that the union had increased its affiliation for partisan political reasons. The union did it. he said, because the party asked it (alonE with some other unions) to do so, the party being short of funds. Unions may only affiliate up to the amount which is subscribed by the members to their political funds. Some unions automatically affiliate on the exact number of their members who do not contract out, but others affiliate on a round figure less than the maxi- TUGMEN WIN HALF THEIR CHARTER No Action on Rest Yet Nearly all the five hundred tugboat-men who work the ocean-going ships in the Mersey heard at a Liverpool meeting yesterday the result of prolonged negotiation for improved pay and conditions between Liverpool Steam Tug Owners' Association and the Transport and General Workers' Union. The men ware told that of a nine-point charter the employers were prepared to accept five, relating to the granting of extra days off for statutory holidays worked, double time for Sunday work, and certain' increased overtime rates. The employers rejected four clauses, relating to a shorter working week, the payment for al! overtime of time and a half instead of time and a third, and alternative nights off. By 250 to 184 the men decided to accept the employers' offer on the five points and to take no action for at least eight weeks pending further negotiation on the four points outstanding. READY FOR EASTER ? You'll enjoy Easter end the rest oj the year tooin yout Sartor tailored clothes. Try on a uh or tporti iatket or raincoat and you'll ire? why ! The combination of Sartor's exclusive tailoring ana tne finest cloths that Bntatn can produce sold to you direci from fhe Manufacturer without middlemen's profits) Drove Sartor not only the first name in auahtv tailoring it's the best value too Lounge Suits in fine worsteds and West-ot-Englands 9.15.0 to 22 Guineas Fine light and medium-weight c .. : rweed Jackets from - VjUUieaS r. -r ' Xt A Tl , j r t- i i ' n- . . r : Ar- J". TK fittings from J2 to 4613. chest ; heights 5' 2" to 6' 5") 4.19.6 to 12 Guineas .Showroom Hours : 9 to including lunchtime and Wednesday afternoon. Saturdays 9 to 12. SARTOR Buses 62, 75, 81 from town. Ample parking space Sartor House (Near Ice Palace) DERBY ST, MANCHESTER 8 Tel.: BLA 8871. MAY NOT ATTEND E.T.U. BRANCH MEETINGS Refused to Pay Fine Stoke Newington (N.) Branch of the Electrical Trades Union last night decided to inform Mr Marshall Benson that he could no longer attend any meetings of the branch. His membership of the union cannot be lapsed until the end of the current quarter, which comes towards the end of this month. Mr Benson, of Manor House, was fined 20 for being one of a number of men who led a return to work without union permission during the strike of J. Lyons alid Co. employees last year. He has refused to pay the fine. The Hammersmith branch of the Electrical Trade Union also met last night to hear the appeal of Mr Lewis Wells, who has also refused to pay a 5 fine, but it found that as it had a fortnight ago endorsed the minutes of the executive committee meeting which imnosed the fine, it could not hear Wells's appeal. His membership is also expected to lapse at tne ena 01 mis Quarter. A member of the branch said after the meeting that the appeals of all three men fined by the executive had failed. " Now it's up to the executive. Unless they reprieve the three rebels they will break their own closed-shop policy." "SUICIDE PACT" Judge Sends Youth to Borstal John Thomas Swann, aged 17, packer, of Penrith Street, Liverpool, was at Manchester Assizes yesterday sent for Borstal training after pleading guilty to a charge of administering poison so as to endanger the life of his friend Veronica Grierson, aged 18, of Hunter Street, Liverpool, in a " suicide pact." The prosecution accepted a plea of not guilty to a charge of attempting to murder her. It was stated that the police found Miss Grierson unconscious after receiving an emergency call from Swann. He told them that both he and the girl had drunk from a mixture of lemonade and sodium cyanide The Judge said he was " not entirely happy " about accepting Swann's plea of not guilty to the major charge, but if there were a trial on this charge Miss Grierson would have to give evidence. He told Swann: "You arranged with this young girl that she should drink poison upon your promise that you would do the same thing. But I am not satisfied you drank anything at all. The case has been put before me in terms of romantic love. I cannot accept it for one single moment." mum possible. 'Mr Deakin would not say exactly how many of his members contract out. The T. and G.W.U.'s Executive has also considered during' the week the proposals to be submitted by the T.U.C. to the Chancellor to help him with his Budget. The union's chief contribution to this is the suggestion that no single remission of tax could contribute more to a general reduction of prices than a remission of the fuel tax. The council expressed grave concern with the transport situation because of the disposal of road naulage units : approved the rail ways' modernisation plan, but doubted whether it would balance the railways' accounts ; thought the matter of Formosa was of prime importance ; reviewed the situation in the docks ; and considered its educational budget. The union has received a letter rrom the Ministry of Labour, mentioning the port employers desire tor a revised dock labour scheme, and the matter will be raised at the next meeting of the trade union side of the National Joint Council for the Port Transport Industry (which, will meet on Marcn 1 1 to discuss the wage claim for dockers). The union increased its financial allocation for scholarships for educational purposes from 30.000 to 32,000, and various courses are now available for members at Ruskin College, the London School of Economics, Firoroft College Hillcroft College. Coleg Harlech. and tne oraer universities. The ballot for the successor to Mr Deakin as the union's general secretary will contain six names : Mr C. Brandon, Mr F. Cousins, Mr T. H. Hodgsorij Mr H. R. Nicholas, Mr A. E. Tiffin, and Mr W. J. Tudor. They are, respectively, the secretaries of the London region, the Commercial Transport Group, the General Workers' Group, and the Metal Engineering Group ; the assistant genera secretary, and the secretary of the Power Workers' Group. The ballot will take place between April 18 and May 14. The votes will be counted on June 15, and shortly afterwards the result will be announced. SAFER SIGNALS ON BUSY LINE Change-Over To-day By our own Reporter Railway-men will work for 36 hours this week-end to complete the installation of a new, coloured-light signalling system between Levenshulme and Stockport on the main Manchester-Euston line. It will increase efficiency and safety, and speed up the service, particularly in fog and baa weather. This stretch of the four-line track carries about four hundred trains a day. The last stage of the change-over from the semaphore system will begin at 6 ip.m. to-day. The operation of the points and the new signals will be transferred to a new signal-box at Heaton Norris, and all the work is expected to be completed by 6 a.m. on Monday, in time for the morning rush. The cost of the installation, which includes the new signal-box and alterations to the Stockport No. 2 box. is about 170.000. but an official said that the capital cost would be offset by the increased efficiency and a saving in manpower. The new Heaton Norris box will replace four smaller signal boxes, and will mean a saving of eight trained signalmen. The new signal-box is one of the most modern in the region. The position of each train is indicated by electric lights on a white panel above the signal levers as it passes through each section on the four lines between the boxes at Heaton Norris and Levenshulme. Power for the new system is obtained from the mains, but there is an auxiliary system in case of breakdown. Any failure of the mains supply will automatically start a diesel engine and alternator, which will be ready to take over the supply within seven seconds. A similar system of signalling is already in operation at other main junctions, such as Stafford, and eventually it will be extended to Longsight and then to Manchester (London Road). YOUTH SAVES CHILD FROM CANAL Terence Nolan, aged 16, an apprentice chef, of Fifth Street, Trafford Park, Manchester, yesterday jumped into a canal to rescue. a 3-year-old boy, Peter Berry, of Bradshaw Lane, Stretford. Peter's mother had left him watching men at work in the street, but soon atterwards he got through a tence a little distance away and fell into the Bridgewater Canal. Terence, who has been away from work because of trouble with his back, was walking along the towpath with his dog when he saw Peter. " I -jumped in and swam to him. A man helped to lift him out, he said. Peter was revived by a doctor in a house near by, and Terence dried his clothes and was given a cup of tea by a neighbour. COTTON MILLS ON SHORT TIME Over a hundred workers have been idle this week at the Redcross Street mill of James Nelson, Ltd., at Rochdale, and notices have been posted at the Balderstone mill and the Facit mill, saying that a four-day week is being introduced. These two mills employ together about four hundred workers. It was reported yesterday that the mill of the Whitworth Doubling Co.." which is controlled by Crosses and Heatons, of Bolton, will cease production when present orders are fulfilled. Just under a hundred workers are affected by the decision of Gill Stans-field and Sons, textile manufacturers, to close their Whitefield mil! at Nelson on Monday for a week because stocks have been accumulating. "DEAR WESTERN COMMAND " A letter addressed " G.H.Q., H.M. Army, Chester," received yesterday at western Command headquarters, said " Dear Western Command : Please enrol me in your army transport as a driver of an armoured car. I hope you will reply soon. Yours faithfully, J. M. Goodleft." Lieutenant-Colonel H. M. Gillespie, Chief Recruiting Officer, Western Com mand, replied : t hank you very much for your application. I am afraid you are too young yet and will have to finish your schooling first. I am sure you will make a very good soldier and we will be pleased to see you when you are of age." The letter is from J. M. Gpodleff. of Witley Drive. Sale, who is eight. STOP PRESS 2,200 FOR MAN STRUCK BY LOCOMOTIVE Damages of 2,200 and costs were awarded at Manchester Assizes yester-dav to John William Bradbury (47), of "Mere Avenue, Droylsden. whose hip was fractured when he was struck by a works locomotive at the premises of his employers. English Steel Corporation, Ltd., Openshaw. Mr Justice Havers said he found Bradbury " one-fifth responsible" for the accident, as he was standing only eighteen inches from the track when he was struck. RECENT WILLS Badraan, Mrs Nor Letitla. of 85 West Drite. CJeck-iJ Lanes duty E3 660) 25. 781 Broadhead. Edward Ramsdcn, of The Grange. Nev,-lands Road, DaUon. Hudersned. Founder of Brcltow and Co., Lid., worsted manufacturers. HuddersfiekJ. and Broadhcad arvd Co (Huddcrstteld), Ltd . uoolten manufacturers 18.933 MtlrueMone. Lewis, ot 10 Melltns Road. Southport (duly t.34 E16.J88 Proelrr. Wflliam, of 28 Wesion Ave., Rochdale, butcher, former member ot the town council (ekity C206) 17,720 Manchester Guardian Telephones Manchester BLAcktnars 2J45. Classified Adteruunn KLAcktnar JJW London. CJ1 5USU Primed and Published by LAURENCE PRESTW1CH SLUtl I Of IDC MANCHESTER IxlMKDIAN & cVXNINC INEVVJ, Ltd., at tbe Guardian Building. 3 Cross Street, Manchester z. Saturday. Marcn 3, 1933. SOLDIER ACCUSED OF SELF-MAIMING "Put Foot on Railway" Driver Alexander Russell (18), National Serviceman, of Old Monkland, Coatbridge, was accused at a resumed court martial at Chester yesterday of being absent without leave from August 20 to 24 last year and of wilfully maiming himself in order to render himself unfit for service. The court was adjourned until to-day. On Tuesday the court refused to accept Russell's plea of guilty, and adiourned the case until yesterday for witnesses to be called. Detective-Constable H. Donmson said he saw Russell in Cumberland Infirmary and told him he believed he had trespassed on the railway and placed his right toot on the line, and that an engine had passed over it Lieutenant J. M. Atkinson, defending, submitted that anvthine Russell said was inadmissible because he had just come out of an anaesthetic, having had three toes amputated. The submission was overruled. Russell, called to give evidence of his condition, said he did not know who Detective Donnison was when he first saw him. The detective was the first person he saw after the operation Detective Donnison, resuming, said that Russell, in a statement, said : " I walked down the road until I got to a railway bridge. I climbed over a wall and went to the railway where I put my fjOot on 9 line Just then there was an engine coming and it went over my right toot. CaDtain Archibald Morrison, nsvehia trist, stationed at Chester, said Russell during his examination told him he placed his foot on the line " because he was fed up with the Army." Russell appeared to have had difficulty in adiusting himself to Army conditions Lieutenant Atkinson said that Russell was stranded in Carlisle : it was raining and he had nownere to go THE WEATHER Mainly Fine An anti-cyclone to the W. of Ireland is almost stationary. In England. Wales, and S. Scotland the weather will be mainly fine after the clearance of some mist or fog patches In N. Ireland and N. Scotland there will be a good deal of cloud with a little rain in places. It will be rather cold, with frost in many places at first- Forecast for the period ending midnight: London. N.W.. N.R and Oat. I. Eaajart. M-Undt. Urate. Lak DkirieU ItW ot Mm. mad &.W. Seocbiad: Modenir NJ tn n:w ruv- maiiw n . r ome mut or ten paiCric t Ytm; raiber coW. fcort carh S.E. EasUnd. E. AnB; Moderate S. to SW. winda: mainly fine after ome rstii or tarn mirhM nr- chance of ioerj in E. cental diurtcti: ratber cold. tih Iron er!. CcOt. S. sad S W Fnfln.it M-ut,. vr u vrtr wires; minl fine fter tome rrmi or tot patctrt t flrt; ratber cold, wild froi eailv. On unci Islands: Moderate N. to NE, winds; mainly Gee, tut a chance of occasional tbowen: richer coML Funbtr Ooilook. ProtuWr dry in moot diricti. SEA PASSAGES S. North S: Sea rouch Si rail ot Doifr. EtiKlhb niiaiui IV C tZnmm Channel. Iris Sa: Sea moderate. GAI T. . - IR pm. . 9 OS p m. G M.T. HI OK p.m. 9 57 pm. r-3ar MJN Rtvc 'Manthrsicri 6 4R Sen MlXJN .... Rues Manchesier 2 22 p m. sets 5 12 m. lo-oiorrow StW Kites (Manchester! f b Sets ? ?5 MOON .... Rise Manchester) S 43 p.ra. Sets 5 55 a.m. Full Moon. March f HIGH-1 IDE TABLE To-day G M T. Blackpool K i-i x m. ... Southporc R .J a.m. ... To-mono CM T. Blackpool o. 4(1 a.m Souihpori 9 .N a.m ITidal Institute Coprj(htl LIGHTINCUP TIMES FOR TO-DAV Manchester 6 2i p.m. 6 IS a m. LIGHTISG L'P TIMES FOR TO-MORROW Manchester 6 25 p.m 6 15 a.m. YESTERDAY IN MANCHESTER Whitworth Pamk METCOROLbou al Oostrvatoxv. Friday. March j Weather summary for p 2-i noun ending 9 p m. (G.M.T.): f-ine uh lonjr periods of sunshine. Barometer tendency : Stcad . Barometer trmHibars) lOJi.s Ufl 470tn Shade temperature: I3n bulb. 3 a m 31. S. 0 p m. 38.1' wet bulb. 9 a.m. 29.K. 9 pm. Jo S; maximum 45. mtr tium 3U. Humidity (perccntacel: 9 am. 79. 9 p.m. S3. Rainfall: none. SunAhtnc: 7.ohr. The barometne presume irien is corrected to mean ica letel al 45dee latitude and 12deit centicrade i53 odejt. t-.t. j4? Forecast chart for midday Mar.5x. HIGH y SoZl -ik I 1 Arrows show wind direction, figures in circlet show wind speed. Figures outside circles how temperature. Letters show expected weather s follows : b; blue sky be. half-clouded . c. cloudy ; o. overcast: "f. fog; d. drizzle: h. hail: m. mist: r, rain: s, snow; tlr. thunderstorm: p. showers. Wirm front. - ft Cold front. JLAJuKLA. Occluded front Isobars are drawn for every four millibars. DEFENCE BROADCASTS The B.B.C. Home Service is devotinc three programmes next week to the examination of the new defence plans, on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. Admiral A. D. Nicholl, Mr William Pickles, and Mr Alec Peterson will be the speakers in the first programme : Marshal of the R.A.F. Sir John Slessor, Professor Norman Gibbs, and Mr Alastair Hetherington in the I Lord Hailsham in the third. BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS 31- per line. Minimum two llnes.J All sUCH announcements must tK .uihenilced by JtlSS1SaSiiyabL wnSnt!' naaemems " lhc tur of both p.rtl. BIRTHS ARNOLD. Un March 2. at South field Maternity Home. uowdOQ. to JbAM ana lawrlnlij akulu, ion. 25 Lctgb Roud Hale. ASH. WORTH. On March t. al Tandderwen Muttras Home. Old Colwya. to UORUIHY tnee aputtarai ana FRANCIS, a son COTTOM. On March I. to SHIRLEY ELIZABETH (nee uean) and jimmy, a aaugmcr taeniae aman. 6 Grecnway. Asblon-in-Malterfietd. near Wisaa. (iRECNHaLCH. On Marcb 2. at Four Gablea. Horsfortti. Leeds, to FAltuciA inec khcvj ou ANDREW G KEEN HALGH. a daughter. LAW. On March 2. at 13 Laburnum Afenue. DJego Martin. Port or Spam, irinidad. to .ma via incc Treitrail) wife ot JOHN A. LAW. a son. RICHARDS. On March 2. to JOSEPHINE and PETER. a daughter is any trancesj. 15 Granby Road. Stockport. STODDARD. On March a. ot St Marys HoaoltaL to Lola tnee Ham ana uuy. a son w-ciu. WARD. On February 21. 1)55. at the University Hospital. Edmonton. Aioeria. unaaa. to cu iuru and JEAN (nee Maynard). a son t Willi am Edmund! COMING OF AGE DRIVER. Mr and Mrs G. R. DRIVER announce wllb pleasure tne cominn oi aae ot tneir aauzntcr. muAiw GORDON, on March 6 1 Meadfoot Avenue Sednlev Parle. Preatwtch Manchester. ENGAGEMENTS McKELLEN GEORGE. The eneaBtmciH is announced Deiwecn rKANK C1LK1.NUIUN, cioer son Ot Air tthe laie Mrs Norman McKELLEN. ot Cborllon-cum-Hardy. and 1NA JEAN, only daunbtcr of Mr and Mri Walter GEORGE, ot Irl.tn. WILSON WRIGHT. The enaaitemenl Is announced between PETER, youngest son of Mrs E. oi I Green Lane, Sale, and EMILY, younaesl daughter ot Mr and Mrs W. WRIGHT, of Lower Harcbarrow Farm. Prestburv Macclesfield MARRIAGE WILSON DENTON. On February 25. al Kuala Lumpur. Malaya. CHRISTOPHER ALLAN KUbb. second son oj Mr and Mrs S. E. WILSON. King William's College. Isle of Man, lo MARY, only daughter of Mr and Mrs J. DENTON. Dodworlb Road. Barnsley. ' DEATHS 4.LLEN On March 4, fortified by the rites ot Holy Mother Church, at her daughter's residence. 7 Lyme Avenue. Macclesfield. MARY, the beloved wife of the late Thomas ALLEN, in her ninety-second year. On whose sduIs, sweet Jesus, have mercy. Reception Into St Edward's Church. Macclesfield, on Sunday. 7 30 p.m. Requiem Mass on Monday. 10 0 a.m.. followed by interment at Moston Cemetery- nquiriea to Fvani and Gordon. Ltd. CEN 6727. ASHWORTH. On 'March 3. at a Southport nurslns home. FLORENCE, of 27 Irton Road. Southport. dearly loved mother of Nora Leacb. No Sonet and no letters, please, by her own request. Inquiries to Broadbents. Southport. TeL 5101. ATHERTON. On March i. 1955. at 74 Grove Walk. worwicn. JANt ELLEN, late oi Prestwicn. Manchester, aged 75. Dear mother of Muriel Sbeppard. BARCLAY. On March 4. MARY FLORENCE, quietly at ner home. 53 Victoria Road. Macclesfield, ased 89 vears, second daughter o( tbe late Joseph BARCLAY. solicitor. Funeral private. BRIERLEY On March A, after a short illness. PERCY. ancu a years, roe ociovea tiusrjana ot tne late tinny ChadMck BRIERLEY. of t Si Matthew Street. Burnley. Sericc at Si Matthew Church. Burnley, on Monday. March 7 at tl 30 a.m.. prior to interment at WhestEey Carr Inquiries to Hudson and Kid ner. 21 NlchaTa Street. Burnley. TeL 4161. DEATHS (continued) GARDEN. On March 5. 1955, at hu borne, 7 Park Lea Road. Sunderland, the Rev. PERCY S. GARDEN ased 74 years. Methodist Minister. Formerly chairman of the Sunderland and Durham district- Dearly loved husband of Catherine Garden CHILD. On March 4. in hospital, HENRY GEORGE. uRtd -18 years, dearly loved husband of Frances CHILD, o 35 Dalton Avenue. Stretford. Service at home on Tuesday. Marcb 8 prior to Interment at Stretford Cemetery at 3 p m. Inquiries to Wm. Hewer-dine. TeL LON 1320. CROOK. On March 2. suddenly, at her home. SprinaDeld. Windsor Drive. Old Colwyn. HELENA, dearly loved wEfe of the late Albert CROOK and dear mother of Donald. Cremation Ltandican Crematorium, Birkenhead, March 5. at II 20 a.m. All inquiries Daniel Allen and Sons. Ltd. Tel. Colwyn Bay 3151. DAY. On March 3, at a nursing home. WILLIAM JAMES DAY. aged 82 years, tbe beloved husband of the late Beatrice Ellen Day (formerly of Edaeley. Stockport! and father at William J Day. Ronda. Lady thorn Crescent, Bramhall. and Mra Stanton. Service at Greek Street Baptist Church. Stockport, on Tuesday at 11 id a.m.. followed by interment at the Stockport Borough Cemetery. Any Bowers and inquiries to Messrs Georae Meredith TeL STO 2065. FLETCHER.-On March 4. 1955. suddenly at Redcroft. Belmont Road. Hale. Cheshire. SARAH, the dearly beloved daushter of the late Joseph and kmily FLETCHER. Funeral arrangements later. No letters. Flowers in sprays only, please. Inquiries to Worthing-ton's- Tel. Altrincham 124B. JAMES. On March 2, in hospital. LILY JAMES, oi U West View Grove Whltefteld. the dearly loved wife of the late O- A. James. Interment at AU Saints' Church. Stand, on Monday, March 7. at 2 p.m. Inquiries to J. Jackson and Sons. Ltd. Tel. WHI 2427 MONTGOMERY. On March , at the War Memorial Hospital. Rhyl. HENRY WOOD, ased 64 years, of lslwyn. Abcrconway Road. Prestatyn, dearly beloved husband of Bobs and fatber of Brian. Service at Meltden Parish Church on Tuesday at 12 30 p.m.. followed by cremation at Llandican Crematorium. Birkenhead, at 2 30 p.m. Inquiries to Prestatyn 949. MOSS. On March 4. at 16 Outwood Drive. Heald Green. KATE, widow ot Charles H. MOSS, ased 91 yeara. Service at St Catherine's Church. Heald Green, at 10 30 a.m. on Monday, March 7. prior to interment Cheadle Cemetery at 1 1 a.m. Inquiries to James Renshaw. Tel Wilmslow 2756 POOLE. On March 3. suddenly, BERNARD HENRY, ased 48 years, of Boreen. Links Road. Romlley. only eoo o the late Henry Edward and Teresa POOLE. Requiem Mass at St Mary's Church. Marple Bridae. on Monday. March 7. at 9 30 a.m.. prior to interment in the churchyard. Inquiries to A. Seddon. WOO 2470 pyE. on March 3. suddenly, at 23 Park Road. CsiFnrri ft wit 11 am tn hfe Rlit vear. the dearlv loved husband of Hilda Mary and dear father! Ted. Service Monday Inquiries to Coop the Manchester Crematorium 10 45 a.m No flowers, by requesL and Sons. Ltd. iei. rtN ms ROBERTS. On March 3, 1955. peacefully, at her home, 4 Snville Road. Radcliffe. MARY, aged 81 years, the dearly loved wxfe of tbe late William and loving mother of Ernest and Wtn. Committal at Manchester Crematorium on Tuesday. March 8, at 12 30 p m. Sprays only please, bv request. Inquiries to SilletL RAD 2383. SHAW. On March 4. at 2Ul Edgeley Road. Stockport. HERBERT SHAW, the dearly loved husband of Elko Shaw aod dear father of Dorothy. Marjorle. and Hilda. Service at Stockport Crematorium on Tuesday at 2 30 p m Inquiries to Messrs Georae Meredith. Tel. STO 2065 SHERRATT. On Marcb . suddenly, at nis home. 21 Aiders Road Disley. HAROLD, the beloved huibtnd of KMherfne SHERRATT. Service at Stockport Crematorium on Wednesday March 9. at 2 30 p.m. Inquiries to A. Vernon and Son. TeL Marple 79. SMELLIE. On March 2. at his Home, at Trearddur Bay. AnaleseTwiLLIAM SMELLIE. in ha SJib year, beloved husband of Ethel Mary Graham. Funeral at Rhoscolyn this day tSaturday) at 2 30 p.ra. DEATHS (continued) WHITE. On Marcb 2. fortified by tbe rites or Holy Mother Church, in hospital, AUSTIN, in bis 76th year, the beloved husband of Catherine Mary WHITE, formerly of Grecnway. Wilmslow. On whose soul, sweet Jesus, have mercy. Requiem Mass at Sacred Heart and St Teresa Church. Wilmslow. on Tuesday at 1U 30 a.m.. followed by interment at Wilmslow Cemetery. Inquiries to Fyana and Gordon. Ltd. Tel. CEN 6727. YATES. On March 4. 1955. at his home. 17 Lumber Lane. Worslcy. JOSEPH ased 72 years, the beloved husband of Alice Mary YATES and dear father of Victor and Dora. Service and interment at Worslcy Parish Church on Tuesday at 2 p.m. Inquiries to Wallcden Co-oaerailve Society. Tel. Walkden 2603. Memorial Service MELLANBV.-A memorial service for Sir EDWARD MELLANBY will be held In the Church of St Martin-fn-thc-Fields. London W.C 2. at II 30 a.m. on Thursday. Marcb 17. 1955. Acknowledgmen ts ORMRUU. The Relative nf the lati- anvip ORMROD wish to thank the many friends for their Rinuncj. iinpTny, ana oczumui uorai trioutes; also the Rev. D. McDiannld for his kind ministrations S3 Birch Road. CrumnsalL Miss NANCY TY AS wishes to thank ill relative, friends, and neighbours for the sympathy. letters of condolence, and beautiful floral tributes received in her sad bereavement: also the Rev. F. W. Smith for his kind ministrations. 5 Oak Bank Avenue, Blackley. Mrs WILDING and ELSIE wish to express their sincere thanks to all relatives, friends, neighbours. Gciay Co.. Ltd.. J. R. Geisy and S. A- Basle. Ashburton Chemical Works. William Tatton and Co., and the Stranscayt Lodge for their kind expressions of sympathy and beautiful floral tributes received during their sad bereavement; also the Rev. N. C Weights for ministrations. 9 Sazon Avenue. Higher CrumpsalL In Memoriam LEES. Precious and treasured memories of our dearly loved BOB. (WILLIAM ROBERT WILSON), died March 5. 1953. ' n our hearts you will live for ever." Mother and Father. Barbara and Also. RILEY. In lovinE memory of EMMA, died March 6, 1936. Sisterin-law Margery. SMITH (NORMAN SWAFFlELDl. Died March 6, 1953. In memory of PIM. N. T. AFFLECK & BROWN, LTD., OLDHAM STREET. MANCHESTER I. Funeral Director: Mr MILLS Telephone BLAckfnars 864. When closed and during week-end Tet Bramhall T. 1PYANS & GORDON. LTD., 1 FUNERAL DIRECTORS. Ill Great Ancoats Streer Manchester Phones CENtral 672? (2 lines) GEORGE MEREDITH. Funeral Directors. Stockport and Bramhall. Telephones STO 2065; BRA 85a Private Chapel of Rest. Personal service to all district!. H 1LTONS for Memorials. Inscriptions, & Reooiatiorj Opp Southern Cn . Mc Cho 35. KENDAL, MILNE & CO, DEANSGATE. MANCHESTER. When closed and on Sundays Funeral Orders are attended to at 60 KING STREET. MANCHESTER. Telephone No for Day and NiEht Service DEAnsgate 3414. 1. 10. ACROSS Remember " was his last word (7. 3. 5). Nude toads created a sensation (9). His absence made the town dull (5). 11. Hamlet found it too solid (5) . 12. Break of day for workers (5. 4). 13. Echoing tones ran Dretty freely (8). 14. He took off first (6) 16. Its function is absorbine (6) . 18. It encomrjasses a compass 8. SOLUTION TO CROSSWORD We. 54 BUST LEISP O R O W L O C 0 SKUAgPlA 1 l' O S if-C v. L g NEr rer i l l t ks;;u A B L A V. E l? S P I R S A Js F. 8 T V- P M SH O N E V lhD!CES85C i e i g h t e e y:-;c RAD I C DGSOS EgPST fj TOUR BilRE R O T T O KESfC ET?- P. SOYA la'STmSSv UTAR I ATHAV 22. Bones are his bread and butter (9). 23. Unwanted fight (5). 24. Coming to this is failure (5). 25. Vehicle of desire? (9- 26 Footballers who take pride of place ? (7. 5. 31. DOWN I Bargain for husks ? (7). 2. Simple, like the Philistine (7) 3. Risible advice to lean (5. 3. 4. 3). 4. Not exactly a speciality, this 8. 5. Secret punishment (6). 6. Imitate birds to get rich 17. 4. 4). 7. Bookworm's habitat? (7). 8. Alternative in river for downpour (7). Up to now we are not told where to hit her (8. Makeshift, otten used by dentist (7). No detailed description (7). 19. Seer almost fills tbe boat (71. 20. Came to an end (7). 21. He may make a living 16). Solution will ba pobUsliad an Monday CROSSWORD No. 55 15. 16 17. I I 12 I 3 I 4 5 6 7 8 k bi n n in n hi g 11 in H Mp IIITil " i H n ff H H fn

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