The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on March 9, 1954 · 5
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 5

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Tuesday, March 9, 1954
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THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN TUESDAY MARCH 9 1954 5 THE MIDDLE CLASS WAY OF LIFE: MORE BUDGETS From 300 to 4,300 We give a further selection of the numerous letters we have received on - n mm miame-ciass family budgets, ihey come from all parts of the country and the remarkable thing is their broad similarity. Utner budgets will be given later, 4,300 A YEAR To the Editor of the Manchester Giuxrdian Sir, I am one of the lucky ones. suppose, yet I have always wondered why we had to live so frugally, until your fascinating correspondence prompted me to take a much closer look at my annual budget (of 4,300). The result should interest other readers who have a large income, and, perhaps, dimimsn tne envy of those who are paid mucn jess. T- - i -W V 1 m . mm irst, 1 snouia explain mat 1 am over 50 and that I have enjoyed this income only ior a lew years. JNor do I have long to go before I must retire. During this oriel neyaay 1 must save enough to pro vide for myself and my family for the rest of eur lives. Hence the sum set aside in one form of saving or another, though it may seem large, is far from being disproportionate. The main items of annual expenditure are as ioiiows : 1. Income tax. surtax. 4c 1.997 2. Life insurance, superannuation &c 847 3. Professional expenses (including car) 450 4. Education of one child at boarding-school 320 These items amount to 3,614 and the remaining .686 is spent on food, heating, housekeeping, clothes, entertainments, and luxuries much in the same way as others in the 600-800 range have reported. Domestic help is limited to a woman to do the rough work two or three mornings a week. We entertain very little, seldom go out to the theatre or dinner, and spend very little on clothes (one year it was as little as 11 for the three of us). We do not drink at all, though we provide something for our friends at Christmas. We give modestly to charity, for I am able to be generous in my professional contribution. Our one extravagance (unless sending our child to boarding-s,chool is considered wasteful) is the 120 a year we spend on cigarettes. My wife and I became heavy smokers as students when cigarettes were one shilling for twenty, and it will remain a treasured luxury to which we shall cling while we can afford it. When I retire we shall have, perhaps, a seventh of our present income, but we may not be any poorer, so far as the essentials and the comforts of life are concerned. Meantime we are happy enough, but a little bewildered by being so rich in such a strange way. Yours &c, M.D.. F.R.CP. LESS THAN 300 A YEAR . Mv husband fan ex Dublic school boy) earns as a clerk 6 weekly, but of this 6s 2d (or so) is rated as overtime and if he is absent or late for any reason whatever this overtime is docked. so we can only be sure of 5 12s. Out of this is taken National Health, P.A.Y.E., and other contributions. In a 5uuu ween uc Lai; SCL ino, UUl on a bad one much less than that Our weekly expenses are : Husband's Travelling Expenses to Work. Fares 4s a day. 1 4s: tea or coffee 3 cups at is id a day) 6s 3d. He takes sandwiches from home. Odds and ends, newspapers, etc 9d lis. Life Iimiranre for self, husband, and child 7s 6d. Housing. The house was eft to me under the will of my father (a doctor?. Rates 1 6s. Insurances 2s 18s per week Heat and Light. We have no electric gadgets or labour-saving devices of any kind. We use rather o lot of coal as we live in Derbyshire. About 10s a week. Food and Housekeeping. We have the plainest and least amount of food we can manage on. I make and bake endlessly es It is impossible to afford cakes and biscuits and luxuries (rom the shops. Naturally no domestic help and I do all mv own laundry work 1 10s. Clothes. My husband bad a utility suit and overcoat during the war years and since then has had no more. His last shoes, which were sheer necessity, cost 1 10s, a bat (some years ago) 1 U. a shirt 18s 9d, and pyjamas 1 Is. He endures ties given as birthday and Christmas gifts. I can honestly say that I never have any new clothes: 1 am fortunate in having good friends who hand -me their cast-offs- The snag is our young con whose arms and legs shoot through bis garments with unbelievable speed. Tobacco and Drink. My husband smokes tea cigarettes a. day (we do not drink) 12 3d. Entertainment. A very occasional visit to the cinema to' see "something good." We have a portable wireless We use the county library exclusively for books. We have no regular daily paper delivered. - A thoughtful j relative hands-on the "Manchester Guardian a day late. Miscellaneous. 1 have about 6s 3d left now to divide between entertainment, clothes, education, and holidays. The QUICKEST way between two points O is by When the unrelenting minute has got you beat and even airmail can't save your bacon . . . you can earn reprieve for the forgotten birthday, or answer an urgent request, by cabling via Imperial from any of Britain s 13,000 Telegraph Offices. Post Office Cable & Wireless Services M00 YOU CAN GALVANIZE WITH BRYGALV ZINC RICH PAINT containing 93 to 95 of metallic zinc in the dried film, like galvanizing, gives cathodic protection to iron and steel and neutralises those traces of rust and millscale which cannot be removed. Simply brush it on Drynamels ZINC RICH PAINT has sold with complete satisfaction in thousands of gallons and is being made under liceisje in Europe. Send DRYNAMELS Criaffmr I ana PRODUCT wwi mjiiw A The firm my husband had worked for since leaving school went DanKrupt and at any years he had terrible difficulty in getting anything at all to do. When the Labour Exchange offered him-this he was only too tnankiul to have it We have not enough to. live on really. My husband is an educated man and he gets the salary of a labourer less, indeed, than manv labourers. May I wonder with your other correspondent: Is the standard of living wnicn it is .possmie to buy on a middle-class income a reasonable reward and an adequate incentive? A wipe (Derbyshire). A CURATE'S 470 A curate in the diocese of Manchester begins his ministry on an income 01 Jtaoo. rising by 10 p.a. until he is appointed to a benefice after perhaps five or six years, when his stipend rises 10 tne aizzy neignt of xoov per annum I am a married man with no family, and. navmg been in orders two years mv income is 320 Fortunately there is no housing problem as -rent and rates are paid by the parish. At the outside figure tr-ese would amount to ioo, so one may say tne au-m total would be something axe 4.40. Our budget for the year is something nee in is : Food and housekeeping 160 Insurance (including National Health at 7s Sd and clergy pension) 42 Heating and lighting 36 Christmas and birthdays 20 Miscellaneous entertainments (including papers, wireless licence) 14 Travelling expenses Q Pocket monc for two. postage, books, donations, and collections 20 Leaving about 18 for clothing replacements, shoe repairs. and oddments. Curate. THE QUESTION OF CHILDREN I am surprised that none of vour correspondents has referred to a verv widespread problem among younger professional people the question of when to have children. As it seems to he increasingly typical for childless wives to continue working, this step simultaneously raises expenses ana arasucauy reduces income. My husband and I (both graduates) jointly earn a gross salary of just over 1.000, and on this we live well and save perhaps 250 a year. We are fortunate in owning a large old house in a Dleasant if unfashionable Dart of London. Bv letting off to two other young couples and a single student we have our own accommodation rent free. We do all our own decorating and are acquiring good con- j temporary furniture, piece at a time, argely hire purchase: which we find an efficient method of saving out of our j weekly cash budget. We run a 1939 car : 1 one of us smokes ; we buy perhaps a bottle I of wine a week : a woman comes in five days a week to clean and tidy and wash up ; and we can afford a camping holiday on the Continent. A very pleasant way of life? But compare this with, the situation if we have children. As we should need more, accommodation our housing would cost more and our net income would drop by a half though there should be a considerable improvement in a few vears in my husband's salary. A car would be beyond our means which would involve my husband in two hours of London's rush-hour travelling every day. I should exchange a very satisfying job for domestic drudgery, and cannot feel connaent tnat motherhood would prove an adequate reward some among mv acquaintances who have taken the plunge nna tnat it is, and some do not. This is not a complaint only the state ment of a not uncommon dilemma. Sooner or later we shall have children but it looks like being later, and therefore the children fewer. L.A. (London E. 11.) FINDINGS ON EMPRESS OF CANADA THIS WEEK The findings of the Court of Inquiry into 'the loss by fire of the 20.000-ton Canadian Pacific liner Empress of Canada in the Gladstone Dock. Bootle. will be announced at Liverpool on Saturday by Mr Kenneth S. Carpmael. Q.C., who sat as Wreck Commissioner. Postal . . ViO Imperial or particulars to : LTD., Research Dept., nil)MIMftUAM ft mm m arna-a ww. wa mm mmw mm (GFO) 75 Artists of the Ministry of Works restoring paintings from buildings in the Ministry's care at a studio in Regent's Park. The two centre pictures are from the Wrest Park collection KIDDERMINSTER'S PRIZE PLAY "Satellite Story" Kidderminster, Monday. Unlike other plays. "Satellite Story." by Anthony Booth, which opened at the Playhouse. Kidderminster, last night at least takes- the stage already wearing laurels of a kind. Kenneth Rose, the director, threw down the generous challenge to playwrights that he would not only read any play submitted but would give reasons if and when rejecting it all within seven days. Muscular postmen have so far delivered over four hundred, of which Mr Booth's entry has been adjudged the best (no more than five have been kept) ; and he need not doff his laurels yet if one says, as the selectors must have done, that his play's conspicuous merit is that it has stage machinery that visibly works. Its theme, surely twenty years old now. is about the conflict between family solidarity and political allegiance. Shall Conrad, ,the Communist son. betray his mother and father and the other old guard liberals on whom the Russians have suddenly descended? One has seen the film of the book and the other versions of the story, and of course he must. Mr Booth has nothing new to say about the situation, though one waits keenly for it through two acts of presentationthe East-West debate all over again, and not too sharply done. When, with his evident grasp of stage craft, he tautens the audience's nerves, tie relaxes everything again like an old tennis racket with commonplaces of phrase (even " What have I done to deserve this?" as a curtain line). The producer. Robert Gaston, and the cast work on this rather vague material to the best of their ability; but, like yesterday's newspaper, the fiabbiness of the well-remembered is always creeping in. R. P. COUNCIL HOLDS LAST MEETING End of Urban District The Hoole Urban District Council last night held its final meeting, the chairman, Mr T. Reilly, guiding it through a non-controversial agenda in twenty minutes. As from April 1, the Hoole urban district is to become part of the city of Chester an addition of 672 acres and nearly 10,000 people. . Because the. local elections in Hoole must coincide with those in Chester, Hoole ratepayers will be without direct representation from April 1, until the middle of May. As a form of "caretaker government" the council is suggesting to the Chester- City Council that the chairman of. Hoole and each chairman of six committees should be co-opted on to the appropriate Chester committees during this period. The last action of the council was to authorise its Clerk to apply to the Ministry of Housing and Local Government for consent to borrow 57,598 to erect houses on the Hoole housing estate. USE OF HOSPITAL ENDOWMENTS Relaxations Expected . From our Political Correspondent Mr Iain Macleod, the Minister of Health, is expected to announce in the Commons on Thursday some slight relaxations of the conditions in which hospital endowments may be used. The National Health Service Act of 1946 provided that existing hospital endowments were to be transferred to the boards of governors of teaching hospitals or to a hospital endowment fund con trolled by the Minister of Health. In certain circumstances they were to be vested in hospital management committees. As far as was reasonably practicable, the objects of the endowments were not to be prejudiced by the act. SALVATION ARMY TO ELECT GENERAL The High Council of the Salvation Army has peen called by Commissioner Edgar Dibden, Chief of Staff, to meet on April 29, to elect a general in succession to General Albert W. T. Orsbora, who is retiring on June 30. The High Council consists of 48 directive officers of the army's work in all parts of the world. They include nationals of America, Australia, Belgium. Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Great Britain, India, Japan, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland. 1,000 FOR CARPET A Khorasan carpet from the big dining-room at Sheffield Park, Uckfield, Sussex, owned by Captain Granville Soames, whose son, Captain Christopher Soames, is a son-in-law of the Prime Minister, was sold for 1,000 yesterday. The sale at Sheffield Park, which is to continue for another two days, was conducted bv Sathebv's a ca nt V UbV v mahogany dining chairs of Chippendale ue&igu, aiso irom ine mning-room, was sold for 325. Alderman Ellis Jones, a native of Merioneth, will hp th naw ArAmM ww HMUl Ul Shrewsbury. Obituary WILL HAYS: AN APPRECIATION Alistair Cooke writes : Will Hays was the Moses and Daniel of Hollywood's public morals for a quarter of a century. But before he became a moralist be was a successful- lawyer, a decisive witness before the Senate committee investigating the Teapot Dome scandal, an active politician, and national chairman of the Republican party. He was one of the first such chairmen whose success in a presidential election campaign was automatically rewarded with the post of Postmaster-General in the incoming Cabinet. But his name did not become a byword until President Harding released him from his chores with the mails and sent him out to the City of the Angels to beckon the flapper down from the dining-room table and set her in the path of the Ten Commandments. The "Hays Office" was for 24 years the movie producers' voluntary arbiter of their new-found standards of taste and virtue His intervention came none too soon. The triumph of the Prohibition Amendment had the wholly unexpected effect of making American society obsessed with the need to procure the alcohol it could formerly take or leave. Hollywood began to ride high. wide, and handsome on a tidal wave of bathtub gin. There was much ado about the death of a young actress after a Hollywood party and the following suspension from film making of a popular comedian. Fatty Arbuckle. This horror touched off a passion for reform in several states and mobilised the ane of the Roman Catholic Church, the powerful women's clubs, and the Southern Baptists. The movie makers were alarmed to see the market for their product shrinking so fast that they were faced with the obvious choice of bankruptcy or a spectacular house-cleaning It was at this point that the industry decided to take the baseball cure and look around for a reforming czar." Will Hays, a little saturnine man whose lantern law was held at permanent half mast below a collar the height of a beer mug. did not at first glance look like the Lord's anointed. But in the mores of the 1920s he was an Ideal choice. A Republican, an elder of the Presbyterian Church, a thirty-third degree Mason, a member of the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America, an Elk. and a most loyal servant of the Loyal Order of Moose, he was exquisitely qualified to distinguish at the drop of a cocktail glass the goats from the sheep. Virtue alone would have been powerless to subdue the general frivolity. But Mr Hays was an astute politician, and MANCHESTER CINEMAS Mr Alan Ladd seems unable to approach within striking distance of another human face without slapping or punching it Blows are doled out usually understandably, to enemies and, often bewilderingly, to friends as well. Fortunately for the audience's understanding of "Hell Below Zero" (Gaumont) Mr Ladd in his latest film is almost, completely and constantly surrounded by enemies. They rob him of a small fortune invested in a goldmine, ram his ship with an ice-breaker, try to shoot him down on an ice-floe, and use him as a target for knife throwing. Happily, this highly improbable story of murder in a whaling fleet does not wholly depend for its effect on Mr Ladd's tight-lipped truculence; there is also some impressive photography among the Antarctic ice and occasional fascinating, near-documentary descriptions of how a whaling expedition worKs. "So Big,r (Oxford) has Jane Wyman in Manchester Theatres etc. OPERA HOUSE Evg.at7 Mat.Sau2 D'OYLY CARTE OPERA CO. TO-NIGHT: RUDDIOORE. NEXT WEEK AT 7. MAT. WED A SAT. 2. EDITH EVANS, JAMES DONALD, in a new play by Christopher Fry. "THE DARK IS LIGHT ENOUGH n MARCH 27. WEEK AT 7. MATS. WED. A SAT. AT 2. ALEC GUINNESS la new play by Bridget Bolaod. "THE PRISONER" Prices: 86. 66. 46. 4.. 2-. PALACE THEATRE Evenings at 7 Matinees Wednesday and Saturday at 1 TOM ARNOLD pretests PUSS IN BOOTS JIMMY JEWEL & BEN WARRISS HY HAZELL MARCH 22 (or TWO WEEKS. COVENT GARDEN OPERA APRIL S. (or FOUR WEEKS. JEAN CARSON The London Coopaoy to EcnlM Lttuor LOVE FROM JUDY BELLB VUE GARDENS ZOO OPEN DAILY (rom ID a m WRE5TL1NU. DANCING. BARS. RESTAURANTS CAFES. PARTIES SPECIALLY CATERED FOR. BOXING: Friday Next at 7-JO BOOK NOW SHAKESPEARE Memorial Theatre Stratford-upon-Avon. COMMENCING MARCH 16. THE 95tb SEASON OF FLAYS BY W.tXIAM SHAKESPEARE Evenings 7.30. Mats. WcJL. Sat. 2. JO. Scata 26 to 126 Box pfflce: Stratford-apon-Avon 22712. BOOK FOR THE EARLY WEEKS. ADELPHL (Tern. 7811.) AL READ la YOITLL BS LUCKY, with SaBjr Barnes. 6.10 and tU3. New mKSSHSSS rente Seats bookable. 36-126. ALDWYCH acta. 6404.) 7 Jo. W. and S. 2-30. Richard PTfene. George Raton. Virginia McKenna. I CAPTURE THE CASTLE, by Dodle Smith Comedy with irresistible charm." Dally Mirror. AMBASSADORS. (Tea 1171.) Mon.-Frl. 7JO. race, 2JOSat. ,5.15d g. RICHARD ATTEN BO ROUGH THE rrouSETKAP. by AGATHA CHRISTIE. APOLLO (Ger 2663.1 7 JO L 5JO US. Th. 2JO. THE Ri5?Sv.OL3sa A new J1 Charles Morgan. CAMBRIDGE. (Tern. 6056.1 fSo Sat. 5 JO and l3. Th. 2.30. Joseph Boloff. Ron Randcll In THE FIFTH SEASON. "Hilarious Comedy." The Peoote. CASINO. (Oct. 6OT.) 7 JO (W.. S. 6. S.4S. Hare Summer Holidays now at Jack HrRon'a Swimming Pool Musical " WISH YOU WERE HERE." Book doors and Agents. COLISEUM. (Tern. 3161.) Mn.-Pii. ergs 7.30 SaL 5. 15 and 8.30. Wed. 2.30. Virtan BUiae. Liz bet b Webb. Ed Hockridac In GUYS AND DOLLS, witb Sidney James DRURY LANE. (Tea. SlOg.) Evenings 7.15 Mala. Wed. Sat. 2.30. Valerie Hobsoa. Herbert Loos In Rodgcrs and Hatnmersiein's "THE KING AND 1." DUCHESS. (Tern. 824 J Mon to Fn. 7 Jo. Th. 2 JO .?J. SEAGULLS OVER SORRENTO DUKE OF YORK'S. (Tern 5122.1 Egs 7 Jo Mats Thun. and Sata. 2 JO. Rencc Ashcraoo. Sam Wanamaker in Clifford Odet's THE BIG KNIFE. EMPRESS HALL. (FuL 1212.) NORMAN WISDOM in SINBAD ON ICE. starring AN OKA McLAUGHUN. E- t. Wed. Th. 5. 8. SaL 2. 5. 8. Last week. GLOBE. (Ger. 152.) Monday to Friday 7 JO Weds. 2.30. Sats. 5.30 and 8 30. Emlyo Williams in hlg aew play. "SOMEONE WAITING." with Adriaaa TaSS. HAYMAMEJ. (Whi. 9832.) 7.30. Wed.. Sat 2Ja John Giclaud. Sybil Thoradike Irene Worth, gad Ralph Richardson in" A DAY BY THE SKA," by K TC. Batter. within a year or two a code of production ethics was drawn up and after intermittent relapses was so cleverly applied that while the movies were provoking enough to get eople inside the theatres they were no onger " suggestive " in the statutory sense The churches were placated, the movie colony confined its debauches to its own homes, the women's clubs abandoned their boycotts, and the bo-office boomed. MR JOHN WILSON The death is announced of Mr John Wilson, of Church, near Accrington, inventor, business man. and athlete. He was 69. He started business 47 years ago as a blacksmith, locksmith, and scalemaker in an Accrington cellar. Later he branched out into the soda fountain business and cinema owning. His restless mind was always in search of new ideas he was one of the first to introduce talking, and later 3-D. films; and he invented a soda fountain which the Navy used in the First World War. a silent railway line, and radio-gramophone equipment. He also claimed to nave been the only man to defeat Houdini. the master of escaping, and the first man to secure the adjournment of a meeting of the old LuM.S. railway company, of which he was a persistent critic at its shareholders' meetings. PROFESSOR OTTO DIELS Professor Otto Diels, joint winner with Professor Kurt Alder of the Nobel Prize for chemistry In 1950, died in Kiel on Sunday. He was 78. In 1928 Diels and his colleague and pupil. Dr Alder, discovered the dien synthesis, a method of producing complicated chemical compounds which has since Droved superior to other artificial methods of production in organic chemistry, and is widely used in the production of dyes, drugs, and plastics. MISS DORA GREGORY The death is announced of Miss Dora Gregory (Mrs Dora Howland). the actress. She was 81. She played on the London stage for nearly thirty years, making her last appearance there in " Fiare Path " in 1942 at the age of 70. She also played in films and in radio plays, including one of the first to be broadcast from the old 2LO station. a matriarchal role as the central figure in an adaptation of Edna Ferber's novel of the same name. One gets the impression that it must have been a very long noveL There are periodic flashes of good dialogue and Jane Wyman Dlavs her part for all and. perhaps, more than its worth, but as so often happens with adaptations, the makers have been -so determined to encompass the whole chronicle of events contained in the novel that they have left very little room for anything else. In the same programme " Pitfall is an absorbing American thriller, taut and slick and with a sharp, adult script. At the Gaiety "Abbot and Costello meet Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde," and everything happens much as one would expect H. H. W. MANCHESTER CATHEDRAL Tuesday. 8 a.m.: Holy Comraanloo. II sum.: Mattes. 1 25 p.m.: Intercession. 5 30 p.m.: Evensong: Stanford In B Oat: Anthem. "O Saviour of the world (Goal. Manchester Theatres etc. MANCHESTER HIPPODROME Ardwkk Green. Final Week. Em at 7. Man.. Wed.. Thurs. ft Sat., at 2 Entile Littler! Great La us titer Pantomime "GOODY TWO SHOES" A Riot of Merriment witb Dae Morrt. Next week 6.25 and S.40 The tc national oew band thaw "JAZZ WAGON with lack ParneO and his bit new Hand. LIBRARY THEATRE Eveningt at 7 Matinees: Wednesday and Saturday at 2 la Coat nxnei ns to-nisnt for J weeks. "MRS WARREN'S PROFESSION," By Bernard Shaw Prtcca 66. 46. and J- YOITLL ENJOY ICE SKATING To-day: 10-12. 2-3. and 7-10. 26. To-morrow- 2-5. 16: 7-IO. 26. Exhibition. Sau next. March 13. 8 p.m. JEAN WESTWOOD AND LAWRENCE DEMMY. Three Times World Ice Dance Champions. Admission 26. lnclodint Skating. Tlcketi now on sale. raO Rante ot Boots and Skates on Sale on the Rink. Boots and Skates I - Restaurant. Clt. and Snack Bar also open to the general ouMic. with excellent scrrice and menus (or. Lunch. Tea or Dinner. Private Car Park. Tel BLA 96W. ICE PALACE, Derby Street, Chwtham FORSYTH BROS., LTD., FOR THE FINEST SELECTION OF PIANOS IN THE NORTH. A list win Be sent on application. 12ft DEANSGATB. MANCHESTER BLA 32S1. Liverpool Theatres LIVERPOOL PLAYHOUSE ROY al 8363 Bttsi&gs at Ttrartda) and Saturday 2 10 p-sa - THE tXrVR OF FOUR COLONELS." Coma March U. " THE EAGLE HAS TWO HEADS" London Theatres HEX MAJESTY'S iWhl 6606.) Monday 10 Friday 7 JO. Sats. 5 15 A gJO Mat. Wed. 2.30. Bobby and SaUy Ann Howes la rip-roaring musical PAINT YOUR WAGON. HIPPODROME. (Ger. 3272.) 6.30. 840 (tabetic Cooler ana Great Coloured cast la ANNA LUCASTA. LYRIC. tJoSSJ Ergs 7 JO. S. 5 JO A 8.30. W. 2JU "THE CONFIDENTIAL CLERK." by T. S. ELIOT. OLD VTC (Wat. 7616.) To-night 7.13 Hamlet. Wed. 7.13 Crtotanaa. Th, 2.30 and 7.15 Haaatet, Frt. 7.13 Cortotanog, SaL 2J0 and 7.15 Tweetth Night. PALACE. (Ger 6834.) 6.13 and S.45. ARTHUR ASKEY in THE LOVE MATCH. Then Hint Lanhter Show. PALLADIUM. (Ger. 7373.) 6.15 and 8-43. Mats. Wed. TED HEATH AND HIS MUSIC DICK SHAWN. Beverley Sisters, and Big Company. PHOENIX. (Tern. 861 1.) At 7.30. S. 5 JO. 8. JO. W. 2.30. Virtea Leigh Laurence Olivier in THE SLEEPING PRINCE, by Terence Ratugan with Martlta Hunt PICCADILLY. (Ger 4)06.) 7.30. S 5 JO 4 8. JO Wed 2 JO. Pamela Brown. Paul Sconeld. and Gladys Cooper in "A OUES1ION OF PACT." ny Wynyard Browne PRINCE OF WALES. (Wbl 8681.) Er-cninga at 6.IS and gJO. Frankie Howerd. Winifred Atwell in New Folic Bcrgere Rerue "PARDON MY FRENCH." PRINCES. (Tern. 656, Es 7 JO Wed A Sat 2.30 Slant ret Rutherford. Michael Dermon Binnie Hale. Griffith Jones. Walter Crtsham Carol Marsh. Stringer Davies in A he Through The Looking Glass. Lit. 2 wks ROYAL COURT. Sloaoe Square (Stoane 1743.1 Ergs. S Mat. Thun. 2.30. SaL 5. Airs on a Shoestring. Max Adrian Moyra Praser. Salty Rogers. Betty Maraden. ST JAMES'S. WhL 3903.) Erga. 7.45. Mils. W.. S. 2JO. . Kay Hammond. John dements. Athene Sevier. Chartes Victor. Nicholas Hansen. In Shaw's PYGMALION. ST MARTIN'S. CTem. 1443 ) Eygs. 7.3a Toes., Sats.. US. CORNELIA OTIS SKINNER in New Prog. MISCELLANY The Doctor's Hand Doctors' handwriting is notoriously bad. and one doctor recently wrote to the editor of the " British Medical Journal " reproving the light-hearted in fact the positively vainglorious attitude of his professional colleagues to this failing. Parsons and actors, he pointed out, would hardly boast of being inaudible to their hearers, and the golfer who took four putts would keep quiet about it but people who wrote badly seemed to think it was the hall-mark of a strong character. This plaint is supported again in the same journal, for a London surgeon who has achieved a considerable reputation in the literary field has written to say that the illegibility of doctors is no modern phenomenon. When he was editing the works of Sir Thomas Browne be found the handwriting of that eminent physician so appalling that he had to call in an expert from the British Museum to decipher the manuscript. The same had been true of Dr William Harvey's handwriting, for his friend Sir George Ent who wrote the preface to Harvey's "De Generatione Animalium." apologised in it for Harvey's handwriting and said that he had taken a lot of trouble in transcribing the manuscript since nobody else would have been able to read it. Prisoners' Press A grim little American news item lately was about a convict who has just been paid a large sum of money by a publisher, as an advance on royalties from a book telling the story of his life as far as it has-so far taken him which was into the condemned cell. As he has little chance of a reprieve, and no relatives to whom he can leave this sudden wealth, he is said to be thinking of endowing a scholarship for luckier convicts. He might also, as he fancies himself with a pen. think of endowing a prison magazine or newspaper, of which there are over a hundred In America and many of which are produced in what one might call straitened circumstances. Others are rather grand, and carry advertisements, and manage to be very well produced, and an American writer who made a study of them not long ago found that several were of very real literary merit quite apart from the adventitious interest of their publishing address. He also found that most of the editors DANCE -DRAMA ABOUT A POET "Letter to the World" Before and since Martha Graham, some fifteen years ago, made her experiment with the poetry of Emily Dickinson, others have attempted to accompany dance with poetry and have failed. Miss Graham's famous experiment " Letter to the World " she has called it in quotation from her poet was presented last night bv her company at the Saville Theatre, London. Miss Graham, too, has failed ; but, unlike almost all the others, she has failed with an air. In other words it .is only too easy to point out that the reason for her failure is the obvious and irremediable one that poetry not only requires no choreographic commentary but shows up the limited expressiveness of the silent language of arms and legs. It can also be said that, as a consequence, this one among Miss Graham's numerous experiments was. as it was bound to be. a technical blind alley But these obvious points being made, it remains true that "Letter to the World contains the most lyrical, poignant and evocative of the choreography provided by Miss Graham during her company's present season. In trying to make a dance-drama " about Emily Dickinson as a poet and as a woman of New England," she has certainly shown the insolubility of the problem which she set herself; but once again, she has given a sign. She has suggested possibilities of dramatic choreography which others less intense, perhaps, than she is and more aware of the limitations of their medium can turn and, indeed, have turned to considerable theatrical effect That if it does not exactly spell success, is no small achievement. J. H. M. BRITISH MUSEUM CHANGES Mr A. E. Popham, Keeper of the Department of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum, and Mr W. King, deputy keeper in the Department of British and Medieval Antiquities, are to retire. Mr E. F. Croft Murray will succeed Mr Popham. Mr R. L. S. Bruce Mitford and Mr D. E. L. Haynes have been appointed deputy keepers in the Departments of British and Medieval Antiquities and Greek and Roman Antiquities respectively. Concerts FREE TRADE HALL WEDNESDAY. MARCH 10. at 7 p.m. THURSDAY. MARCH 11. at 7 p.m. HALLE ORCHESTRA Guest Conductor: FERNANDO PREVITALI Ticket 2(6. 3(6. 5-, 76. 10-. 126. 15-. from the Hall Booking Offlce. Lewis's. Forsyth's. Ac SUNDAY MARCH 14. at 7 p.m. HALLE ORCHESTRA Conductor : GEORGE WELDON FRIEDRICH WUHRER (Pianoforte) Section ot the Halle Choir Trojan Mar.b Berlioz Fantasia m GreenilceTes .. Vaugban Williams Piano Concerto in A minor Schumann Suite. The Piancts Hoist Tickets- iio. Mb. 5-. 76. 10-. 126. from Halle Broking Office. Lewis's. Fonvin's. It Houldsworth Hall To-night at 7 IS CA.E. PROMENADE CONCERT Brenda Lucas (Pianoforte) Schomann Concerto. Litolff "Scherto," Nen Gwyn. Radetzky March. Rosamunde. etc SEATS. 26. PROMENADE 1-. DOORS OPEN 650. Manchester DEANSGATB. 2nd Wlc Charles. Laughton HOBSONS CHOICE (U) Jonn Mins. 1 0. 3 30. 6 5. 8 4a GAIETY : Bod ABBOTT and' Loo COSTELLO in -MEET DI JEKYLL AND MR HYDE," Cert. X. Adults only. Also " Tb Casa ot tne Second Shoe A. GAUMONT, oxtotd st cen 023. Open 12 so Alan Ladd ' HELL BELOW ZERO (UV 2 25. 5 40 8 55 Johnny Lion-Heart CFeaturc Cartoon) (Ak 12 43. 3 55. 7 IS. SAVOY. CTem 5888.) Eygs. 1.45. Wed.. Sat. 2.45. Barbara Kelly. Henry Kendall in New Comedy ANGELS IN LOVE, by' Hugh Mills An evening of rare cnierialo- meat Sitaef oieca ot comedy " Evening Suodard." sntAND. (Tern 1660.) Mon.-Fri 7.30. Mat. Thar. 2.30 Sats 5 0 0.0. JOHN MILLS in CHARLEY'S AUNT. VICTORIA PALACE. (Vtc. 1317.) 6.15 and S.4S. Jack Hyltoo preaenu rHE CRAZY GANG la RING OUT THE BELLS 36 (o 126 WHITEHALL. WhL 6692.) 7. Sat. 5.13 and 8. Th, 2,30. Wally Patch Brian Rix. Reluctant fierost, 4th year. WINDMILL. Pice. Ore. RKVUDEVILLE. 23rd yr. 263rd ed. (6th week) Cont. dry 12.15-10.35. Last pert. 9 p.m. A Van Damm Production. " WE NEVER CLOSED." WINTER GARDEN .Orury Lane). Phone Cha 3875. Mon.-Fri. 7.45. Sat, 5.15. 8.13. East. Mon. 2J0 WITNESS FOB THE 'it't&ECUTION. by AGATHA CHRISTIE. After the show supper at - EVE," ISt REGENT ST.. London's Brlihiesi Ntybupot. 9 to 3.30 in Floor show 12.30. Members enq Reg. 0557. Exhibitions AGNEWS. Loan Exhibition of 120 Waiercoiours trom the eclcbrau-o collection si ine Whitworth Gallery Manchesui In id ot the Gallery fund Admission 2a 9 3O-5 20 Sats 9 30-10. 43 OW Bond Street and 3 Albcmarh atr .t. London W I LEFEVRE GALLERY. 30 Bruton Street. W. i. FRENCH PAINTINGS XIX XX CENTURY. Dally 10-3.30. Sats. 10-1, LEICESTER GALLERIES, Lekecter Sej, Tha HENRY MOORE EXHIBITION and pictures by Winifred Nicholson A Panie Veatelay. 10-5.30. Last 3 dam. were forgers evidently men with an incorrigible itch to write. Apart from" the usual crosswords, chess problems, knotty bridge hands, and prison social nptes, they most like to print vigorous comment hardly ever censored on general subjects, among which the evils of alcohol or communism are the most popular, and above all on penal questions. A Second Runyon Probably the doyen of prison writers nowadays is Tom Runyon, a cheerful and outspoken columnist whose "Leaves from a Lifer's Notebook " appear in " Presidio." the magazine of the Iowa State Penitentiary, which has an extramural readership of over a thousand. When Runyon (only related by. sympathy, one gathers, to Damon) once sardonically questioned the deterrent effect of conducted tours of the prison for school-children" Obviously, touring prison is a lark to them ; something like visiting a zoo. only less interesting" the visits were promptly stopped, which speaks well for both sides, but above all for the power of the penitentiary press. Without Tears The fascination of interplanetary travel and the exploits of Superman and other space heroes in the comics for the young American has recently been capitalised by some resourceful doctors. Children operated upon at the Naval Medical Centre in Bethesda, Maryland, are shown a transparent plastic helmet labelled "Space. Chief," which they eagerly don. It is connected to an anaesthetic apparatus, and before he knows where he is the young voyageur is wafted away into unconsciousness without the fuss and bother usually experienced on these painful but necessary occasions. One four-year-old boy, after his tonsillectomy carried out in this manner, was quite willing to don the helmet again for newspaper photographers. He is reported as saying that it was "a pretty sharp trick." What the Driver Said The bus stopped at the bottom of the hill on a recent icy morning and the driver went round to the platform. There he succeeded, curiously enough, in making nis meaning perfectly clear. If anybody stops half-way up the brew," he said, "you'll have to get off here because I ain't going to stop." NEW LIGHT ON THE ABBEY Art of the Flash Bulb' From our London Staff When an inquisitive as well as artistic photographer is turned loose in Westminster Abbey, and takes the precaution of fitting his camera with flash equipment he can bring out from the Gothic shadows many unsuspected pieces of hidden beauty. Mr Harold White, F.R.P.S, of London, has done this in an exhibition of photographs which opened yesterday at the Kodak Gallery in Regent Street, and is on view until March 27. Here is a profusion of delicate fan-vaulting, stone and wood carving, and ancient alabaster work, much of it ordinarily hidden from the eye of even the most ardent abbey sightseer. The flash bulb may be a crude instrument in the hands of some photographers, perhaps, but here is a. craftsman who uses it with all the sensitivity of an artist's brush. Poking into the shadows of the centuries, Mr White discovers delectable treasures one after another, and the organisers of this exhibition have had the good sense to arrange, these in chronological order around the walls, so that the contributions of each architectural age can be clearly appreciated. A good example of Mr White's technique is to be seen in the case of the Queen Elizabeth Chapel. The tomb of Elizabeth I is only dimly lit at best, and is usually seen by visitors as a semi-silhouette. But by skilful use of his flash bulbs the photographer brings out not only detail of the tomb, but of the fan-vaulting overhead. Some of the lighting effects are not achieved by flash methods, but are still of the sort which are denied the ordinary visitor. This is because Mr White was allotted the hours from six to ten in the morning by the abbey authorities so that he could operate without interruption from members of the Dublic. Thus he is able to catch the first sunny beams of dawn shafting through the gloom of the Henry VII Chapel, and tipping the edges of columns and the lios of worn stone steps with a soft haze of light. But as weu as oeauty, Mr Whites camera brings out the ravages of time in the fabric of the abbey. Even a certain judicious softening of the focus cannot disguise the essential ugliness of the stone-vaulting in the east walk of the cloisters. where the surface is peeling away. Concerts TUESDAY MID-DAY CONCEPTS TO-DAY. I 15 to 2 pjn.. HOULDSWORTH HALL PIANOFORTE RECITAL DIANA MERRIEN Admission 16 FREE TRADE HALL. MANCHESTER. SATURDAY. MARCH 20. at 7 30 pjxu S A. Gorlinsky announces MARKOV A with MILORAD MISKOVITCH la a Progrxmme ot Ballet Including The Dying Swaai Nutcracker Suite. Bolero 1830. Les Sylphides. rickets: 106 to 26. Forsyth Bros 126 Deanigate. Manchester. FREE TRADE HALL MANCHESTER. SATURDAY. MARCH 27. at 7. BETTY and HUGO LARS EN -.present 1 DARIO RAUCEA DARIO RAUCEA The Phenomenal Italian Pianist Variatlona on a Theme by Paganini Brahms) Sonata in B minor Cnopia King David's Dances Casielmiovo-Tedescc La Campanella Paganini-Ltat Bach-Busoni. CaseUa. Albente. Granados. etc. Tickets: 36 to 76. NOW AVAILABLE at Forsytliaj 126 Deansgace. Manchester. Cinemas MARKET STREET CINEMA - GENEVIEVE (U). ' FINDERS KEEPERS (Ah ODEON, Oxford St. Cont- 12 30 p.m. (Second WccfcJ Burt Lancaster, Deborah Kerr, Montgomery Clifi. Frank Sinatra. FROM HERE TO ETERNITY " (AX. OXFORD : :ane wyman. sterling haydem. NANCY OLSON. In "SO BIG" (IT). Also DIOC rviWBLL. LIABEIH in PITFALL (AX ROYAL,, Peter Street BLA 9366 Kathryn Grayson. Howard KeeL Ann Miller tn "KISS ME KATE (V). 3D in Glorious Colour. Opera and Ballet COVENT GARDEN. SADLER "S WELLS BALLET -lo-night at 8.0 Gala Performance Evgs. 7.30. Mat. San. 2.30. Wed.. Thur. St Sat. erg. CoppeUa. FrlTxl Sat. Mat Las SylnhMes. Daphtua and Chlo. Homage to tha Queen. (Cov 1066.) SADLER'S WELLS. (Tcr 1672.) Eygs. 7. To-ru. Weetber. Wed. Die Fltdannaas. Th. Don PasquaJe. Ft. Figaro. SAVOJJE. (Tem. 4011.) MARTHA GRAHAM DANCB COY. until Mar. 20. Evgs, 7.30. Mat. Sau. 2. JO. New prog. Th 8TOLL. (Hol 3703.) VloaJFri. evg. 7.3a Sat 5 JO. fUQ, Wed 2.30. ANTONIO A HIS SPANISH BALLJCtT London Cinemas ACADEMY. (Ger. 2881.) Oouzot'a WAGES OF FEAH (A) Grand Prix Cannes. 1953 at 12.25. 3.0. 5.45. 8.33. CAMEO. Poly. (Lan. 1744.) FemandeL F-ancolse ArnooL FORBIDDEN FRUIT OO Showing 1.35. 4.0. 6.30. 9 0. CURZUN. Gro 3737.) Jacques fail in MONSIEUR: HULOTS HOLIDAY U) Prog, 12.30. 3.0. 5.40. 8.15. EMPIRE. (Ger. 1234.) On Panoramic Screen. Kathryn) Grayson. Howard Keel in KISS ME KATE (Ul Colour and Perfected 3-D. At ia33. I. a 3.30. 6.15. 845. RIALTO. (Ger. 3488.) Marcel Pasnofi "MANON DES SOURCES" (UX Showing at 12.25. 2.55. 5.30. SO. RJTZ. (Ger. 1234.) M.G.M.'a JUUUS CAESAR (U. Showing 10.23. 12.55. 3.35. 6.2a 9.0. a Song. 5J 7.30. WARNER. (Ger. 3423.) John Wayne in HONDO OH 3-T and WamerColor with Ger aiding. Page. Proframroea comm. 10-23. 12.50. 3.20. 5.50. 8.2a Last sacenfcig 20-

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