The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on April 26, 1946 · 3
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 3

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Friday, April 26, 1946
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THJ MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, FRIDAY, APRIL, 26, 1946 Hooks of the Day NEW NOVELS By Hugh FA. Fausset l:i our distracted time men are ariven to extremes to justify their existence. War itself was one of those extremes, as infernal as climb-,ng Everest was sublime. Mr. James Bamsey Ullman, who is as experienced in war as in mountaineering, ha? conjoined these two extremes in as novel The White Tower (Collins, up 47:). 10s. 6d.). jla:t:n Ordway, an American bomber-!oi "'ho has had to. bail out over s, ,.rland during the war, finds him-;ei; a remote Alpine village well ..no. :i ;o hirn in previous years. There re :f t-;s old friendships with a Swiss a middle-aged geologist, and C-. ;s a Viennese girl. Above the vil-w-vers the impregnable peak of .nn v.'usturm, which each has felt as a ta;:"..':ige in the past and which Ordway .i driven to climb, not merely as a ny..:i:a.neering feat, but because, as he .j-.- .o Carla, "something has been lost .vu :nust find it." His friends, for d.iUrent reasons, are compelled by the .jin.' nocd, and to complete the party :r.i;- .nclude a Frenchman, a cultivated c.;t'-.:nte, and a German, who climbs : .'.bless brilliance for the greater sl'jiv ot Kiihrer and Vaterland. The a--:, .t on the mountain and what it :tvf.iis of the different temperaments I,; tr.t; i limbers are so well done that ( jrci -'s and Carta's love-making among ae perns is by contrast sadly and senti-::i'.r.ia!i' commonplace. But as a story jjhys.cal adventure and spiritual -:."v.? this 'S a novel that is hard to lay Yesterday's Evening, by Cecil Lewis iD.-v.i-.-. pp. 226, 8s. 6d.), also begins in '.it- A1d". but soon moves to an Italian v li.ee by a lake. In the Alps Saul C.ir.ie!. an artist of sober years, had r.u an impulsive young Austrian girl, (lieta. who had lost confidence in life, !uu', rind men, and felt that he could :i -to:e it to her She invites herself to !.,!'. v. ith her mother's approval, and i .,:w- iu jive with him. She is disarm-r'.a'.y nnocent and utterly devoted, and he - di-eply touched. Will they become Uavis or can he renew her faith by a uv; (hat stops short of that ? It is an oflii -iiuation, and Mr. Lewis never i:ikos it quite convincing. Anyone who is familiar with Mr. J. C. Pmvys'-s confessional writings can hardly fail to recognise his lineaments in Dexter Foothood, the hero of Forth, llea-st, by Louis Marlow (Faber, pp. 200, fid.t. in spite of the fictional r.imnuflase in which these reminiscences nf a " great truth-teller and self-ur-. server" are clothed. Dexter's views in iio.ilth, wives, war, money, snobbery, v.-.ne. food, and religion, if at times poignant, gain no depth at second hand. Of storv there is little or none. The Wayfarers, by Dan Wickenden (Dent, pp. 368, 10s. 6d.), and Stepan Itazin, by A. Chapygin (Hutchinson, pp. itiO, 15s.), are as remote from each other in time and space as in social content. The first is a story of family life in a -mail American Middle West town. The family is that of a middle-aged journalist who, after drowning his sorrows ;is a widower in drink, finds his children, now grown up, in an awful tangle of emotional frustrations. Corruption, wealing a fair face, arrives from New York and further poisons the atmo-snliere. In the end the air is cleared and health triumphs over sickness, too late, however, to bring much relief to the reader. Mr. Chapygin's reconstruction of the life of a -seventeenth-century Cossack chieftain, sworn foe of all oppressors of the people, has at least a primifive gusto But five hundred pages nt '-.-.rbulent banditry make tedious fiction, whatever its historical and propaganda value. The combination in the United States of diversities of racial origin with a real national unity was illustrated wherever American forces served during the war. How this came about was the theme of a lecture delivered to students of Bedford College at Cambridge two years mo In- Mr E. A. Benians, Master of tt. John's College. This is now pub-1 .-lied under the title Eace and Nation in the United States (Cambridge r-i.vi'i.s'tv Pres. pp. 48. 2s. 6d.). with -iib-utle "A historical sketch of the "t rimns' ,ns of the peoples in the " t!:ris of the American nation." It -:: I..--- a succinct, well-proportioned, i '. -i ho'nrlv record of the gradual v , I'lnu'n! of the ideals of American -n . i,v and American unity. In i ui.ir one could not find anywhere - i s'nott compass so excellent an ' in ef the successive waves of i."i a ration nuo the New World and 1 contribution to the national " '-m H. W. H. BALLET AT COVENT GARDEN From a Correspondent London, Thursday. Only- ;i very musical or a very unmusical ' i-usrapher would make a ballet to i'.--':- Fianck's Symphonic Variations for :a and Orchestra Frederick Ashton ..- done this dangerous thing. His aKi-tly called "Symphonic Varia-I ' was Performed by the Sadler's Company last night at Covent '..uiit-u. Happily, no choreographer, -' ci'nt perhaps Balanchine, is more " :-ica! tlian he. As with the title, so with the ballet itself : "- is a straight issue between composer choreographer. Sophie Fedorovitch's oa- ;c'oth is a terse abstraction ; her -'-'.urnes affr plain and functional; there t.j s;ory and there are only six dancers, remain on the stage throughout. They t dance or stand still; they do not : -e at all. Yet the ballet is no mere .L'ri: nf divertissements. It is, on the c :.'-?ry. tightly woven. It is a classical "-'et in a true but not quite orthodox uf the term Mr! Ashton, in fact, -et himself a musical problem and has "-iC'it no adventitious aid in -trying to -e it That is rare, brave, and 'i!.. ."niing. THre are six variations, but Cto quote f --:initive Tovey) they are "a single ' : -i series forming little more than an ' de placed between an introduction - : half as long and a finale more than - ' as long." Mr. Ashton has not made .. mistake of trying to match one '-'" or one dance to one variation ' id. he has not at all kept the music's "Vrn He has made his own pattern. kept, with great tastefulness, the -'cs sense of "a single flowing series. Ctoo good to waste a single crumb for HEALTH tur M Mice ir. ART HISTORY England and the Mediterranean Tradition (Oxford University Press, PP. viii. 232, 42s.) could be described as a collection of massive and scholarly footnotes to art history, bound together by a single theme the theme of England's cultural debt to Mediterranean civilisation. It is. of course, an inexhaustible theme. The Warburg Institute exists for the purpose of discovering and exploring unfamiliar aspects of it and filling in corroborative detail in familiar ones. From its journal the fifteen essays contained in this book have been extracted and in some cases reshaped to make a handsome and amply illustrated volume. To the layman some of the subjects tackled may seem to have too little intrinsic importance to merit the vast amount of research devoted to them. In other cases he may complain that they are not easily digested without a background of knowledge that he rarely possesses. None the less, the substance of these fifteen essays was well worth rescuing from the ephemeral setting of a periodical and presenting to the public m solider form. The subjects include discussions on the iconography of the Ruthwell Cross, on the exact nature of Nicolas Hillyard's debt to Lomazzo in writing "The Art ?u L2ing." on landscape gardening in the eighteenth century, and on borrowings from earlier artists traceable in -Blake k npcifrnc TTaoi-. -.. "-'i ui inc caaays constructs a closely reasoned chain of aisumems irom newly discovered facts. It is refreshing to read a book that breaks sn munh nour rrvs-tim though some of the ground broken is iiul very ierxue. N. That British industry ought to do much more research work has now become a commonplace. A book surveying what has been done. Industrial Research and Development in the United Kingdom, by Sir Frank Heath and A L. Hetherington (Faber, pp. 375, 25s.), helps to show more precisely what is needed and to place plans for development into perspective. Both the authors have had much experience of administering research work. They describe the organisation and achievements of research in most important industries, as well as the work done by Government bodies and by independent institutions. Most of the account is both comprehensive and intelligible to the layman. It is. therefore. disappointing that the authors' conclusions are not very clearly drawn and that the discussion of the general factors which affect industrial progress is superficial and incomplete. T. W. K. In Scotland Arise! by Duncan Ferguson (Glasgow : The Scottish Secretariate, pp. 82. 3s. 6d.), the author makes an apprehensive survey of " Scotland the nation " in the post-war world. In distinctive culture, in the contribution of Scots to world affairs, in industrial importance, even in physique she is, he thinks, declining, and he adduces some uncomfortable facts and figures to back his argument. He is of opinion that, lacking fresh life, it is Scotland's fate to become " a rotting branch of the English oak," and he urges that only by putting a greater share of the responsibility on her own shoulders can she be revitalised. He admits the value of development based on hydro-electric power and of the realisation in Whitehall that Scottish heavy industry must be supplemented with light, but thinks such palliatives insufficient. His book summarises a good deal of current Scottish alarm that has its roots in the memory of the grim experience of the northern kingdom between the wars. A. S. W. BOOKS RECEIVED We have received the following books,&c: From George Allen and Unwln: THE BIG THREE. The Un.led Slates. Br.taln. Russia By David J. Dall n 8s. 6d. net LEISUKE : HOW TO ENJOY IT By W. E Slmnett. 7s 6d net RELIGION AND THE PA'.)LY. Youth and the Gang Instinct By Geoffrey llc-yland. 6s nel OF ANTS AND MEN. By Carl P. Hasklns. Ph D. lZs. 6d. net. A CHARTER FOR HEALTH. By a Committee of the British Medical Association. Illustrated. 6s. net. FIRST ONE AND TWENTY By John Gloag An Omnibus Volume SX 6d. net THE ENGLISHMAN AND THE SEA. An Anthology Edited by Christopher Lloid. 7s. 6d net. From Chatto and Wlndus-BOTTLE'S PATH AND OTHER STORIES By T. P. Pmys. 8s. 6d. net CARMELLO By Bettlna 6s. net. , From J. M. Dent and Sons-THE WORLD OF WASHINGTON IRVING. Bv Van Wyclc Brooks 15s. net. MIDNIGHT TALES. By William Fryer Harvev. Edited with an introduction by Maurice Richardson. 8s. 6d. net THE WAYFARERS. By Dan wlcltenden 10s. 6d. net. From Robert Hale. Ltd : COLONEL BLOOD By Max Peacock. 8s 6d net. From George G. Harrap and Co: ALLENBY: SOLDIER AMD STATESMAN. By Field-Marshal Viscount Win ell. 13. net. DEER WANDER FARM. By Agnes Barden Dust n. 7s. 6d net From Nicholson and W.-.tson-THE STORY OF THE W.R N S. By El'een Big'and Illustrated. 8s. 6d. n-t. From PllDt Press. Ltd : THE NEW SCHOOL TIE. By G C T. Giles. B A 5s net OPENING BARS Beginning an Autobiography. By spike Hughes 10s. 6d net From Royal Inst'tute of International Affairs-GREAT BRITAIN AND PALESTINE. 1915-194.-.. Nc Edition, Revised. 7s. 6d. net. And the lyrical lucidity of his choreography is near enough to the mood of the music to seem apposite and not so near as to be submerged. Last night his ballet was performed brilliantly by Margot Fonteyn. elegantly by Moira Shearer, and very competently by Pamela May and the three male dancers. The result was almost entirely successful. The reason for the " almost " is the piano! In these variations the piano is the soloist, the star, the ballerina, if one may so put it Mr. Ashton's pattern does not quite account for this soloist. Thus the hard core of the problem is not solved ; it is evaded, though the evasion is made with good, musical manners. TWO NEW RAs At a general assembly of Roval Academicians and Associates at the Royal Academy yesterday Mr. Stephen Gooden. A.R.A., engraver, and Mr. Charles H. James. A.R A., architect, were elected Royal Academicians. Mr. Gooden. who is 54. is a line engraver and illustrator. He designed the George Medal. Mr. Charles H. James, born at Gloucester in 1893, is best known as a designer cf small houses and is. a recognised authority on housing schemes. He has been assistant to Sir Edwin Lutyens. Mr. Barry Parker, and Dr. Raymond Unwin. and. with teem, was architect for Slough Town Hall, the County Hall at Hertford, and other public buildings. In association with Mr. S. Roland Pierce he won the design competition for the Norwich Municipal Offices in 1932. & VIGOUR THE x Efforts are being made to secure and preserve 63 acres of woodland surrounding WQjrsley Dam. The scheme was originally proposed by the Swinton and Pendlebury Rotary Club, who sought the aid of the National Trust in taking steps to preserve the area as an open space, but the Trust decided that the task must be HUMAN ELEMENT IN THE ARMY Education and Welfare The human element in the forces formed the basis of an address on " The Army to-dav and to-morrow " given to Manchester Luncheon Club yesterday by General Sir Ronald Forbes Adam, who was Adjutant General throughout the war and until his recent retirement. Ever since 1941, he said, there had been a shortage of man-power in the Army, and the main problem had been to avoid wastage by the selection of the proper man for the job. Minimum physical and mental qualifications had been worked out for any given job, and these had been formed into nine main groups or types needed generally in every arm of the service. The next step had been to produce tests, ana one measure of their success was that a 23 per cent failure rate among signallers was reduced to 3 per cent. The selection of leaders, formerly chosen by the unpopular and inefficient method of interview, had been organised on similar lines. The failure rate had been cut down enormously, while men and women had been satisfied thev were getting a square deal. In education the Army, with its discussion groups, A.B.C.A., and British Way and Purpose courses, had been a pioneer. The present absence of trouble in the Army, compared with the period after the 1914-ia war. and tne mainien-ance of moral were the result of this education programme coupled with legal aid and the provision of special broadcasting and newspaper services. In future, he said, anyone of sufficient character and education ought to get a commission. The main problem m dealing with the private soldier was the changing of the whole of barrack life. Community centres must be introduced, and he hoped, if conscription remained, that steps would be taken to make it a year of education as well as military training. INDECISION IN TOWN PLANNING A Dangerous Trend Mr. Arthur Ling, the architect, speaking in London yesterday at a meeting nf thp Town-olanning Institute, said that the realisation of the many good plans existing for town-planning was being held un for lack of decisions and action. There was. he contended, a dangerous gap in which the pre-war policy of taking the easiest course was quickly reasserting itself. Thp Ministry of Health's subsidy arrangements lor flats, and the threat nf still more dormitory developments in the cities were examples of this. Higher priority could be given to the orfw-rinn nf scnooib ana conimuiiiiy buildings i there w-re equitable sharing of existing housing accommodation with all sharing the hardsnips ot tne nousing shortage. "The Minister of Health's plea for home-sharing is." he said, "a move in this direction which has so far met with a disappointing response. I think this plan should be pressed more vieorouslv. coupled with a much more energetic policy of converting empty houses into flats or. if unsuitable, into hostels. Ther is still an amazing number of empty houses to be seen. " T.f we are serious in our intentions to stop the futher sprawl and congestion of our cities we should fix the housing targets with a solution of this problem in mind. London, for instance, should have a low housing target low enough to keep its reconstruction contained within its present extent. while small towns capable of considerable expansion especially those in rural areas should have a higher target." DUCHY OF LANCASTER New Attorney General The King has appointed Mr. David Llewellyn Jenkins. K.C.. to be Attorney General of the Duchy of Lancaster and King's Attorney and Serjeant within the County Palatine of Lancaster, on the resignation of Sir Herbert Cunliffe. Sir Herbert was appointed in 1921. Mr. Jenkins, a son of the late Sir John Lewis Jenkins, was called to the Bar in 1923 and took silk in 1938. His home is in Kent. The court of the Duchy Chamber of Lancaster was instituted in 1376. On the accession of Henry IV in 1399 the Duchy was merged in the Crown. SAFEGUARD FOR SOAP Because of the amount of soap which holiday visitors to the Isle of Man have been taking away with them the Manx Government has decided to ration soap as. from Monday next. The ration is the same as in England. Up to now soap has not been rationed in the Isle of Man except voluntarily by retailers. FUTURE OF WORSLEY A the responsibility of local people. The local authorities of Worsley, Swinton and Pendlebury, and Eccles have taken part in discussions. The land, which is owned by Manchester Collieries, Ltd., will cost about 6,000. and the colliery company have been asked either to reduce the price or to make a donation towards CASE FOR STAGGERED HOLIDAYS Spare Rooms at Resorts in Early Summer As part of the campaign to stagger holidays this year the Ministry of Labour has issued a " Holidays Bulletin " outlining the attractions offered by all holiday resorts in May, June, and July. This bulletin will be distributed to local authorities' information bureaus, to public libraries, citizens' advice Blackpool Miii-Boarding-houses. 190,000 Private houses. . 12,000 Large hotels Only 3 Morccambe Boarding-houses. 14,000 Private houses.. 28,000 Large hotels . . 1.500 Scarborough Boarding-houses. 24,125 Large hotels 1,674 12,000 5,000 None 19,431 990 Southport reports : " The greatest pressure can be taKen as being irom June 8 to 15 (Whitsuntide) and for July. August, and the first two weeks of September." At Colwyn Bay it is stated : Accom modation is not likely to be available from the second week in July to the end of August. Otherwise, subject to visitors' reserving accommodation and OBITUARY Miss Florence Monkhouse Miss Mary Florence Monkhouse, the Manchester painter and etcher, and sister of the late Allan Monkhouse ('A. N. M." of the "Manchester Guardian "), died yesterday, aged 90. Miss Monkhouse was one of the first women in Manchester to make a career of painting. After studying at the Manchester School of Art and at Julien's Studio in Paris she was with Isabel Dacre and Annie L. Robinson (later Mrs. A. L. Swynnerton. A.R.A.), a founder member of that pioneer body the Manchester Society . of Women Painters. She shared at this time with Miss Dacie a studio in South King Street, which soon became a centre for everyone in Manchester who painted or loved painting. Later she settled at Disley From an early portrait by Francis Dodd Over more than sixty years she was a regular exhibitor at the Manchester Academy of Fine Arts, and served for some years on its council : she was elected an honorary member in October, 1944. She worked in many different lines portraits in oils and pastel, landscapes in water-colour, etchings, and dry-points. In her later years she concentrated more and more on landscapes of mountain country, particularly of the Lake District, showing an increasing strength of line and mass and a range of colour subdued but often boldly firm and austere. More celebrated painters have captured much less of the spirit of this intractable hill ccuntrv of the North. JOE VINE (SUSSEX) J. Vine, the former Sussex and England cricketer, died at his home in Hove yesterday, aged 70. A contemporary of C. B. Fry and Ranjitsinhji, he appeared in 421 consecutive matches for Sussex. In first-class games he scored in all over 25,000 runs, with a highest innings of 202. Vine iplayed in two Tests during the tour of r Australia in 1911-12 and shared with F. E. Woolley in a stand of 143 still the highest seventh-wicket partnership for England against Australia. Vine had a great reputation for patience combined with acumen, but had the will and ability to score fast. He scored 23,958 runs for Sussex a record and was the first Sussex player to make 1,000 runs and take 100 wickets in a season. With C. B. Fry he put on 100 or more for the first wicket 33 times. DAM the cost. Plans are being made to raise the money by public subscription. It is estimated that approximately 700 would be required annually for the upkeep of the woodlands. Originally it was proposed to include in the scheme the Elizabethan courthouse now owned by Bridgewater Estate, Ltd., but owing to the " prohibitive cost " the suggestion was abandoned. bureaus, railway companies, and travel agencies. The Ministry has also issued a table showing the amount of accommodation available at the principal resorts in various months, expressed in numbers of bed-weeks (accommodation for one person for one week) not yet booked for. Here are some figures from the table : June July August EeDlmber October .. 130,000 .. 90,000 .. 80,000 .. 140,000 .. 250,000 . . 10,000 .. 8,000 .. 8,000 .. 15,000 .. 15,000 not requisitioned ; likely to be fully booked all summer. None None None 17.905 2,316 None None None 18,766 1,668 None None None 23,766 3,474 14,000 28,000 1,500 23,052 4,008 not taking a chance holiday, it can oe found through the official bureau." Lytham St. Annes expects exceptionally heavy bookings for the period July 7 to August 24. No accommoda tion is likely to be available at Thornton Cleveleys at Whitsuntide or August Bank Holiday. Keswick is unlikely to have any spare rooms during the Con vention weeK, normally tne tnird ween in July. IRISH " SWEEP " CASE Onlv Unsold Tickets to be Confiscated When the police applied at the Manchester City Magistrates' Court yester day for an order for the destruction of books o tickets End documents relating to the Irish Hospitals Derby Sweep stakes which had been found on a man taken into custody, the Ranch ruled that only the unsold tickets should be destroyed. James Talty (56), of Alexandra Road Manchester 16, pleaded guilty to charges of taKing bets in Corporation street, Manchester, and of being in possession of the sweepstake tickets. It was alleged he had had in his possession 17 books containing 102 ten-shilling tickets 25 books containing 150 counterfoils of sold tickets, 36 official receipts, and letter from the sweepstake promoters relating to a cheque for 10 as commission. Mrs. C. Pearson, the dividing magistrate, commented : " As'l .'.g as we continue to breed horses end dogs for racing, some men and some women, too will express their instinct to have a flutter. These people have paid their hard-earned 10s. in the hope that they will get a lucky ticket which will win them a fortune." Talty was fined 10 on each of the charges. LIBERAL FOUNDATION DAY, MAY 31 Appeal Launched for Fund In future. May 31 in each year will be known among Liberals as Liberal Foundation Day and on that day they will get together in all parts of the country. This date has been chosen because it was on May 31, 1877, that representatives of 95 constituency Liberal Associations met in Birmingham and founded the National Liberal Federation. An appeal is now made for a newly created Liberal Foundation Fund. A foreword to the appeal says that the first stages in the loundation of an efficient headquarters organisation call for an income of 25,000 a year. On May 31 next, compacts " promises of subscriptions to the fund will come into force. Individuals and associations are asked to guarantee 50 each a year for five years, and the appeal is launched with seventy such compacts already made. In addition to the compacts there are schemes for the collection of regular small weekly subscriptions and for the raising of money by the donation of books, foreign stamps, and trinkets and jewellery. A roll of merit for services rendered to the party and the foundation fund backs up the scheme. "FAN MAIL" Two Patricroft boys, aged nine years and eleven, admitted at Eccles Juvenile Court yesterday that they stole stamps with imitation halfpennies from an automatic machine at Patricroft Post Office. One of them said he used some of the stamps to write to Hollywood for film stars' photographs. As first offenders they were discharged on payment of costs. Moliison, flying a light 'plane from Britain, landed near Karachi yesterday. CHOIRBOYS' "LIFE" ONLY THREE YEARS Cathedrals' Problem From our Correspondent Because of the new Education Act, boys will have only three years in cathedral choirs instead of five years as hitherto, it was stated at a conference of cathedral organists at King's College, Cambridge, yesterday. Boys were for merly accented at the age of nine and educated at grammar schools. Now they must go to senior scnoois, wnicn tney cannot enter until they are eleven years old. The conference asKea education authorities to meet sympathetically the needs of the cathedrals. Dr. F. W. Wadeley. organist of Carlisle Cathedral, said the operation cf the new Education Act had brought with it many complications and problems which particularly concerned choir schools. The education foundations to which they previously sent their choristers were grammar schools. Now they found themselves faced with the schools of their choice being turned into so-called senior schcols. One obvious disadvantage of the scheme was that boys unable to enter a cathedral choir until they reached a senior school at the age of eleven had only three years in the choir. At Carlisle we sent all our boys to the Grammar School, which now, as a senior school, is unable to accept a bov until he has reached the ase of eleven." he added. Our solution of the prob lem has been to form a Sunday evenine voluntary choir as an adiunct of the cathedral choir proper. Bovs of nine are accented for the voluntary choir and automatically enter the cathedral senior choir when thev have passed tne entrance examination to the senior chool. MUSICIANS AND B.B.C. Recorded Broadcasts The B.B.C. announced yesterday that the Musicians' Union had given notice to terminate the war-time agreement permitting recordings of musicians' performances as from May 31. It was added that negotiations were taking place with a view to safeguarding the interests of the listeners as far as possible. Mr. F. Dambman. general secretary of the Musicians' Union, said the agreement covering recorded " repeats " was made when the B.B.C. found it difficult to maintain services without recordings. Under it a recording could be broadcast an unrestricted number of times in the Home programmes for a fee of 1 5s. to each musician for each reproduction. and for a much smaller fee reproduced once only in any of the transmissions of the overseas service. Recorded " repeats " formed a considerable part of the items in the B.B.C.'s Light and Home programmes, and an even greater part of the overseas service. The union's claim was that " live " broadcasts should now be substituted. The Musicians Union denied last night that there was any foundation for suggesting that a strike is threatened by musicians employed by the B.B.C. arising from the notice. HOLIDAY PAY DELAY Trouble Threatened at Barrow Shipyards The introduction of Easter holiday pay at works in Barrow-in-Furness reduced absenteeism from 22 per cent to 9.9 per cent, but wages department difficulties at Messrs. Vickers-Arm-strongs' shipyards are causing dissatisfaction among the 15,000 employees, it was learned yesterday. The firm contends that in the short time at their disposal they cannot include the holiday pay in to-morrow's pay packets, but will include it on Mav 3. The men say that other firms have fulfilled their obligation to pay out this week. Some suggest staging a " sit-down " strike, others have got in touch with the factory inspector, and a large section contemplate staging a mass demonstration in the works to-day. Maintenance engineers and their apprentices at Barrow-in-Furness paper mills yesterday placed an embargo on overtime. They claim that they are the only engineers in the paper trade who have not been paid for tlreir Easter holidays. 14.000 COMPENSATION FOR HOSPITAL The War Office has agreed to pay the Lancashire County Council 14,000 in respect of loss of or damage to furniture and equipment in Davyhulme Hospital, which. was occupied by both British and American forces during the war. When taken over in 1939 this equipment was valued at 18,976. Further claims will be lodged by the county relating to reinstatement of the premises. A letter protesting against " unnecessary damage" to Irlam Hall during their occupation has been sent to the St. John Ambulance Brigade by the Irlam Urban District Council. During the war the hall was used as a first-aid post and manned by the brigade. MANCHKSrtli CATHEDRAL Evensong at 4 p.m Hnij Oomm union. Sundays it 9 in a-a after Mfttine: HoJy Days and Fridays at 11 am Baptisms after due notice Fr'day Mattna and Litany sa'd at 9 a m ; Holy Communion f plain i. Evensong said it 4 pm. Service o: Intercession, 1 25 to 1 50 P.m. CROSSWORD No. 99 ACROSS H 1 1 Was prone to come to a conclusion without using its head (6). Kind of temporary house (6). Pre-eminent (9). Curtailed ration (5). Applying a weed-killer (6). Door with front portion reversed (4-4). Turbulent mix-up involving ton trailer (10. Has a part in spectacles (4). Place for broken earthenware (4). Are they applied to prospective members of well-known B.B.C. Trust (5. 5). Belonging to the first ages (8). " Then . soften'd into life, grew warm " (Pope) (6). Mixed studio apparatus to let (5). Coin I've put in before (9). Relating to fast periods (6). Many people make it (6). 8 10 , lie 19 IS il. DOWN Deer that is decapitated (5). Blanks often drawn in this game (8). Obstinate (4). A riotous, merry-making festival in old Rome (10). Unceremonious (6). They indelibly impress their clients (9). Push to the final conclusion (6). " Ships are but . sailors but men " C Merchant of Venice ") (6). Extreme hunger (10). Dined with a countryman (9). Rest disturbed with a downpour (8). Slip-up for which the teacher is responsible (6). Where the actions take place (6). Productive of concrete results -(6). This boy seems to be a suitable entrant for 20 (5). Robert Burns was one (4). The lelstlsB wtO be pMihe4 to-morrow. MISCELLANY Lords and Lighting The claim has recently been made that that famous statesman of half a century ago Lord Salisbury was the first British nobleman to introduce electric lighting into his house. Working in what Lord Randolph Churchill called "that damned laboratory at Hatfield." he devised arc lamps under the glare of one of which, in the middle of the dining-hall ceiling, his protesting family endured their meals. In spite of his banter Lord Randolph was so impressed by these unconvertional experiments that he lit 2. Connaught Place. Hyde Park, by electricity, the first private house in London to be so equipped. Master Winston was nine when the Churchills moved in. Lady Randolph told how they " had a small dynamo placed in a cellar underneath the street, and the noise of it greatly excited all the horses as they approached our door. The light was such an innovation that much curiositv and interest were evinced to see it and people used to ask for permission to come to the house." Uses for the Directory Bulky volumes are always apt to be used : for purposes never contemplated by their authors or publishers. The telephone directory seems to be in special favour nowadays as a custodian of documents and other articles that can conveniently be pressed between its pages. The results are sometimes disconcerting. From New York whose telephone directory, by the way, contains 505,000 names comes the story of a doctor who was accustomed to keep the case histories ot his patients by inserting each of them at the page where the patient's 'phone number was listed. Unfortunately he forgot all about this, greatly to his subsequent dismay when he surrendered his out-of-date copy on the delivery o a new edition. In another case a young man is reported to have rung up the telephone company to say that he couldn't keep a " date " with his best girl until he could retrieve a necktie he had carefully pressed between the leaves of a directory that had just been collected. The oddest request, however, received by the publishers of the New York directory was that which came to them believe it or not from a certain Central American railway company. This was an application for two tons of discarded directories with which to fill in the spaces between the steel plates of its cars. The company had found them to be the most effective way of stopping bullets from revolutionists' rifles. Austria's Anthems Austria recently, writes a correspondent, has been out of luck with her national anthems. During the ten years before 1930, in fact, she had no recognised anthem at all, but on official occasions a song with words by the Socialist ex-Chancellor and present President, Dr. Renner, was usually played. Then the Government decided that this state of things was intolerable and revived the old Habsburg Imperial Anthem, with words changed to suit the new Austrian Republic. This pleased the reactionaries, to whom the tune has always meant a tribute to the Habsburg Empire. Shortly after the decree, at a big open-air meeting o Government parties in Vienna, the triumphant sounds of this anthem were to be broadcast to cheer the heart of all reactionaries present. But to the utter and complete dismay of this part of the crowd the gramophone started to blare out the words and tune of the hated Socialist song. Government supporters tried to storm the platform from which the music was being broadcast, and police had difficulty in restoring order. It seems that the record used had the two songs on different sides and the man in charge had put the record wrong side up on the turntable. Innocent Abroad ' During his three and a quarter years Richard has lived in surroundings of the most modern convenience. His visit to the country cottage was bound, therefore, to be something of a shock. His first request on entering revealed to him that there was no bathroom. Then he was scandalised that the " stove." in the shape of a Primus, had no " cupboard underneath like the one at home." And when a candle was lighted to show him how primitive the place really was, he demanded imperiously that it be "switched off." But the last straw came at tea-time when he was given his milk out of a cup-like beaker. He looked at it for a long time, turned it round once or twice, then saidjn tones of deep disgust which seemed to epitomise all he felt about the Chad-like house, " No handles ! " HIGHER ALLOWANCES FOR WAR ORPHANS A new royal warrant issued yesterday embodies the various improvements in pay. pensions, and allowances for members of the Services and their dependents announced in the White Paper of last December, and includes a further improvement, since made, in the allowance to children who have lost both parents. This has been 13s. 6d., but the figure may now be raised to 20s. a week when the child attains the age of 15. 2 i : 3 i ! B: 5 i 6 i i 7 H a '1' ,' ' i ''it uf ill! It 'it' Hi -.x -J,'. K 16 I H i! ii" itir8";itr 'All , f 8 1 ' 1 I ! iW2 iSi .n 1 i ' I 1 i i !.2sr; ! I ! I ' !r tit, ai iH! i i ! litr ! 'H SOLUTION TO CROSSWORD No. 9 BAKERSDO fSlCiAfAlD t4XP S T I R5$iR E C I T AIION B1KET CANDIDA MCA HiOlSiY Icifl A-N O N Y M I T PAINT iEiliSltEi'L A D A G EH V E N 1 F I C T I O NS T APPARITION TEN CE 1 P P L E iOlAl I!iCH HNHEfl AT EiH,

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