The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on April 20, 1946 · 3
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 3

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Saturday, April 20, 1946
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THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1946 3 MR. BEVAN'S HOUSING PLEDGE Local Authorities' Schemes May Outstrip Labour and Materials Further reference to the revocation : building licences was made in the ;!uu so of Commons on Thursday. ..!r. D. C. WALKER-SMITH (C !!i.:i;ord). referring to the circular sent . the Minister of Health to local ,:-i.-;nties. said it meant that private prise was being still further -nried in an effort to maintain an .-',:al ratio between local-authority . . cms and that of private enterprise. Liovernment continually raised ,L ;jcjrrot-cry that private enterprise , ,it! not build houses to be let and the houses thev did build were for .'. ealthy. In the live years before war private enterprise produced 't.UOO unsubsidised houses. Of that ,1 481.000 were built with a rateable .. e of not more than 13, 672,000 had .Suable value of .14 to 126, and the -e of 163,000 a value between 27 . ,j 80. One-third of those private-..-.crorise houses were to let. Before the war onlv 600 local authori- , - were active in house-building. Up ihu end of February 911 such authori- , nad not built a sinele house. By'ig the licences the Minister was : hine not only the private builder . .r... fnvYiTnnnif V TVInct lnfnl-sailtVirvritv r.i nies had not reached the point at - en they could take on the labour i materials which would be released the revocation of the private licences Y,r .1. A. SPARKS (Lab. Acton) spoke ..icnl authorities who, he said, were : inily refusing to exercise their powers . v.ure preventing other authorities who ri tn go outside their boundaries to i,. -.ciop housing schemes from acquiring j i d for the purpose. They were just dw.u. a ring for private enterprise to the land to build houses on. ilnutidier A. R. LOW CC. Blackpool N.) nujht there ought to be some explana-j i if why local authorities who had tried l houses built in the test way they , .i:!d that was, by private enterprise i,.ui been stopped in an arbitrary manner. Minister's Pledge U. ANEURIN BEVAN (Minister of .1- ilth), replying, said that at the end of : years of this Government he would able to show a building record far m-lUt than that shown by the Tory ( niu'mracnt at the end of 15 years. The i v;,u.sition could take that as a pledge. Lie Government had to provide houses .r need. They could not have local'iurities neglecting their own housing iri.r.immes and diverting labour and , iicrials for houses to sell. Some . ithiirilies had issued an excess number . . licences and had foolishly cancelled ' i L-nces in cases of houses already btiild-He could not understand why action t that sort had been laken, because there -v ii nothing at all in the Ministry's i auctions to give rise to the impression t' operating licences and those of i .uses under construction should be i.-pped. Wherever that had happened ii- position ind been examined and i- nlding renewed. As the year advanced the local authority i i.u-hine.slow to get into action, would in :. t be building houses on a very great -i. ill-. His main anxiety was that thev -mild have more schemes started and fun' houses ready to be built than there "mid be labour and materials for. We 1. id already reached that situation. 'I !'e Opposition was trying to create the itupi e.MOn that he and the Government vnr .itiainst people owning their houses. u :is untrue. What he had been trying l" do was to prevent young people bnvini: thfir own houses bv monev -provided ;ii extortionate interest rates bv iiuincvlcndcis. At present monev could lv berprtved from local authorities at rates I '! f per cent. People could now :rnw at the lowest rates in the history i i the country. I'lu-inployed Ex-Service Men Atr Commodore A. V. HARVEY (C M.uvlrsfield), discussing the question of i mplMved ex-Service men especially tiioa- of 17 or 48 years of age or over, tii-m slit more imagination was needed in t'o appointment boards. His iT.pri-sMr.n was that the boards were wiuiwl under with wor!:. Many ex-officers veie .-e'lnm their wedding presents and fitrniluie They were absolutely desperate and vvrtfd a real break. Mi GKORGE ISAACS (Minister of L.ib.-iiri .-.nd that the Government wanted m cci mi pi overs to use the appointments b-i:e.i-.; a much as possible. He did not u rii etitphncrs to put up the "old bogy" O' " ' nlri :lt 45." !"'! to:.ii of unemployed officers n-.: ft I'-e.l ihrough the offices had fallen KW.ii m January to 9,690 in April, i'. ". a time wnen me loiai 01 i- -I i.-- - locistermg was certainly rising. 1" ' '-. .i-und men were registering i , :-ji Ex-ofticers were now being I i- ! .'. t'e rate of 500 a month. That : ,.;:e s.i mind, but it could be improved. T v -nm d scheme for business training i"' i-v-Ai'ts was now dealing with 700 i--i. Pensions Protest GEORGE JEFFREYS (C Peters-;.-. ) cilled attention to what he described M e lti.idequacy of the Pensions Increase Ai- M44 The increases, he said, were i.' --doted inadequate in the case of t'i. e- - who retired under the Royal u .r-.ini. 1319. and were regarded as a 1-i ich of faith. Officers with a pension of - i-tMa had nothing restored to them, i t!-eir claim was for a restoration of -oriurTinn rhnt hart been made. i..- v. J. BROWN (Ind KugDy) said - -e course of the Parliamentary session -v 'ind had time enough to cast the steel :..i-iv into confusion, and time enough -e'n to Ministers talking on subjects did not understand, but only in the J2 minutes of this session had time ttiven to consider the case of 750.000 ed servants of the State who had had sceedinglv raw deal. He desired to . -I against the way these men had . treated by successive Governments. CROSSWORD No. 94 ACROSS '.'.'he-e one obtained food in " : s (13) -.::n if shooting (6). ;: awning's was lost (S). '." -e reverse of overstay CiJ. university faculty (4). r-ic- abbreviated half of 5 -.n (5). ier.i'dic blood (4). " ns are and horses (6). '.Y.roat (6) Tike forth paper. . -.ito upon t" t' Macbeth") J) slu.c cut up in the salad i-. of the 6 forefathers (4) ' ; tor the first time 15). !M50d 14) .i'ii in afterwards as a -";cp (7). T :e wise author of France - s--:ic:ram of 10's antonym! "it. 25V -e day in Yorkshire (6). OOWN --'unds a very short dance (3-4). wiji conceal" flesh, of course (4). i- -:e a quagmire (6). i the length of the quadruped! 41 5 e 24 4). '-'- : :he tale (7). . ., " the chief lumbermen quarrelling ' :T.ent that may be half granite m - -nerset's author 15) A.!-i-cr of Novum Oraanum (5). i:i bv the fish on the Uke? (8). ' "and praise, commend, extol ,';--: graces" ("Two Gentlemen of , '-"i "cna ") (7). M'ed blood lies underneath every-. i-n'-ig (7) ; associate (6). , 0 d pulpit (4). One of the continents (4). rhe oluUm will be paMUhcd on Hfnd7. In 1945. when the Government was asked to produce a new and better bill, they diddled the Civil Service pensioners with the use of the Expiring Laws Con- tinitntinn In ...... U A c mo-. They had dishonoured the promise given j iu uie ,ivil aervice pensioners. When he asked some weeks ago what the Government was going to do in the matter, he was told there was no prospect of any legislation on the subject this session. That meant that the utterances of the Minister last November were utterly iv-nril?iess from tne Pint of view of the 7o0,000 pensioners.- They regarded the Government very much in the category of card sharpers. Mr; GfelVIL HALr- financial Secretary to the Tieasury) said Mr. Brown had preferred to make accusations and charges rather than argue r case. The charges nad no basis in fact. He (Mr. Hall) made no such declaration in November as Mr. Brown alleged. Nor cid he say that the Act . would expire next Novembe--: it would not have expired even by December I he subject was under active consideration with people in the proper quarters and with civil servants concerned. COAST EROSION Government Survey to be Made Brigadier F. MEDLICOTT fL. Nat. Norfolk E.) drew attention to the loss by coast erosion on the Welsh r-r,t the south between Brighton and New-haven and Bexhill and Eastbourne, and especially on the East Coast', particularly at Caister. If a great break-through of the coast of East Norfolk took place large areas of land along the valleys between Norwich and Yarmouth would again come under the North Sea at high tide unless protective measures were taken. Mr. KINGHORN (Lab. Great Yarmouth) said Deoole were watching houses disappear everv week and wondering when their own turn would come. Something must be done to stop this peril. Sir H. MORRIS-JONES (L. Nat Denbigh) said North Wales had been considerably affected, and especially Colwyn Bav. The town council had spent thousands of pounds in recent years in maintaining the promenade. Mr. ANEURIN BEVAN (Minister of Health), replying, said the Government was conscious of the seriousness of the situation. The difficulty was that there was too great a division of responsibility. The Minister of Transport was responsible for protecting roads and rails. Catchment boards protected agricultural lands, which were 53 per cent of coast lands : local authorities were limited to the protection of their own property, and foreshore owners were responsible for the remainder. Before anvthing could be done tne Government had to decide which Ministry should be responsible and this question was being discussed. Afterwards a general survey would take place to decide what measures should be taken to deal with the problem. He aereed that it ought to be the concern of the country as a whole. Victory Day Celebrations Sir J. MELLOR (C Sutton Coldfield) raised the question of Victory Day celebrations on June 8. To celebrate a thing a second time always resulted in anticlimax. What had happened since the defeat of Japan to justify us in embarking on fresh celebrations ? In the country he did not perceive any desire for such celebrations. Sir WALDRON SMITHERS (C Orpington) asked what the world would think, in the present appalling political and food situation, if we had this belated celebration which nobody seemed to want ? We were waiting cap in hand for news of the American loan, yet we were prepared to spend 168,000 on celebrations a waste both of money and time. How could we enter into these celebrations when millions of people over the world were faced with starvation ? Mr. CHUTER EDE (Home Secretary) said the celebration was initiated by members opposite. Some parade in London, it was felt, would enable the people of the capital and of the country generally to pay their tribute to the troops and others responsible for victory. That was the spirit which animated the Government in preparing the proposals. V.E.-Day and V.J.-Day were in. the nature of " Mafeking." June 8 was not a celebration of victory in the way some members seemed to think It was a recognition on the part of the whole nation of what we owed to Tie another for what was done during the six war years, when ordi nary, humble citizens one would never have thought capable of rising to great heights revealed a courage and heroism that entitled them to recognition by the rest of the community. This would not be merely a pompous military parade. They proposed to see in the marching ranks representatives of every one of the civil and industrial forces who unitedly enabled us to achieve deliverance. He hoped on June 8 we should think not only of those who secured the deliverance but also of those who laid down their lives, and that we should find an opportunity for dedicating ourselves to the tremendous tasks that victorv in war threw on the victors The" Cable and Wireless Bill, designed to bring the sha-e capital of Cable and Wireless. Ltd.. into oublic ownership was introduced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer and was" given formal first reading- The House rose at 5pm till April 30 NEW BLACKBURN CANONS The Bishop of Blackburn (Dr. W. M. Askwithl has announced the appointment of three honorary canons of Blackburn Cathedral the Rev. H. E. Edwards, vicar of Holme in Cliviger ; the Rev. Edwin Greenhalgh. vicar of St. John's. Sandvlands. Morecambe : and the Rev R. F. Hurst, vicar of Cleveleys. 1 SS S I '6 m .n n 14 n, n if it i a 'it n a - n n it ss ; 3 , 'F7THl m IS' it SOLUTION TO CROSSWORD No. 93 L I G B TG ROTESQUE AiAioiitiiFiciL VA RBLER SA T T A C K Afl!LAiFlSIRif ' R A PO T T E RS TAR O B E R O X B A S S O K V M r HHH v I'fiL ii i' i D A Y D R E A MM A R 1 A N EiOiTlliSHf l.lIl ROOTS'J OKERfMOSS OiElAfTiTiSlK G E R A N 1 DMStSWEEl GOOD OBITUARY Air. Jack Iddon The inquest on Mr. Jack Iddon, the England and Lancashire cricketer, who was killed on Wednesday night when a car in which he was a passenger collided with a bus at Madeley Heath, near Newcastle-under-Lyme, was on Thursday adjourned to a date to be fixed for Mr. J. T. Ward, driver of the car, to give evidence. Mr. Ward was seriously injured in the crash. Jack Iddon came of a cricketing stock whose roots are to be found in the pleasant country district between Chorlev and Leyland. His father was professional to the Lancaster club and his father's brother, Harry, was for long a professional in the Bolton League a cricketer and rose-grower in summer, a basket-maker in winter. At one time it was doubtful whether batting or bowling would become Iddon's special province, for his peculiar delivery and teasing length puzzled many good batsmen at times. When in matches against Middlesex somewhere in the twenties he secured Hendren's wicket twice at a ridiculously low cost (a rare feat in those days) there seemed some substance in " Patsy's " prophecy that Iddon would make a bowler of top class if only he would bend his mind seriously that way But several things conspired to yirn his bent towards batting. During the formative period of his career the Lancashire side was rich in bowling. Parkin, Cook, McDonald, Tyldesley, Watson, and. later, Sibbles were all in the queue before him, and as they all had prior claim to the more restful close-in positions near the wicket he was elbowed awav to the outfield, where he shone as a fleet runner, a fairly safe catch, and a beautiful thrower. His remaining energies were required to stiffen the middle batting. As a batsman it was his destiny, as with Sandham. of Surrey, to play for long periods in the shade cast by the great ones, ana it is not surprising therefore that he found that confidence was a plant of slow growth. But after the first few seasons he scored his thousand runs regularly enough ; and by 1934 had scored enough centuries and double centuries to win a place in the England team that toured the West ladies. The next year he played for England against South Africa at Nottingham. He was the forcing type of batsman. His lovely straight drive, madp with a fine free swing and an upright poise, was his richest contribution to the game. He was an enthusiast to his finger-tips and was looking forward with eagerness to a possible first full season of county cricket as an amateur when the end "came. Few would have denied his right to enjoy it, for he had rendered venman service to his county as a nmfpssional batsman, he had raised himself to Test match status at a time when talent was plentiful and competition keen. THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER Six Honorary Degrees A Congregation of the University of Manchester will be held on May 15, Founder's Day, at which the Chancellor of the University. Lord Woolton, will confer six honorary degrees, three for scholastic and three for more general achievements. The degree of Doctor of Laws will ce conferred on Dr. Wellington Koo, the Chinese Ambassador in London ; Sir Robert Robinson, a scientist who already holds in addition to his normal degrees honorary degrees of eight universities ; and Miss Ellen Wilkinson. The Rev Dr. Wilbert Francis Howard. an authority on New Testament Greek and a well-khown Methodist, will receive an honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity : Professor J. W. H. Atkins, at one time Lecturer in English at Manchester University, an honorary degree of Doctor of Letters ; and Air Commodore Frank Whittle, who played a large part in the development of jet propulsion, an honorary degree of Doctor of Science. FRIDAY IN DERBYSHIRE A picture taken yesterday near New Mills. MANCHESTER'S PLACE IN THE SUN Crowds Spend Good Friday in the Parks Good Friday in Manchester dawned dull, grey, misty, and cold. But the Lady April, wayward as ever, cleared the skies at noon and gave the rest of the day as a slice of high summer, a real holiday indeed. In the south of the city the parks were not to be resisted. Their tides of fresh green, their " loops and balloons of bloom " dangling from almond, nrunus. cherry, and peach, charged them like magnets, so that tney pulled humanity out of grimy brick into their illusion of rurality. the green lungs of black Manchester worked overtime. One of them Piatt Fields trembled on the brink of congestion, so densely did the freed workers and their children descend upon it. One joined a queue a hundred yards long for an ice-cream cornet. One joined a queue surely a thousand strong for the pleasure of rowing a boat around the green island in the middle of the lake. One felt a twinge for the harassed park official whose task it was to watch over the screaming, deliriously happy swarm of infant paddlers in the little pond. So many of them cast their shoes and socks to the multitude in their frenzy and, not content with their own water-happiness had to break the law and force it upon their infinitely patient dogs ! ONE NOTE OF BOREDOM I The only bored creatures in the park were a brown duck and a white duck ; head under wing, they slept! upon the ripples, ignoring the happy human uproar all around them. And the only BROADCASTING REVIEW By our Radio Critic The two new fortnightly features about theatres and films, " Theatre Programme " and " Picture Parade," which have started in the Light programme, are an effort to supply comment and news about topical affairs in these two fields of entertainment. The theatre programme has some real interest, but the film programme has mainly the highly artificial sort of interest associated with the hearing of a typical film " fan " asking questions, or of hearing a " pre-view " of the latest star in her latest film. In fact, unless the listener is really a film " fan " himself, this broadcast is a dull sort of entertainment and justifiable only because there are so many people who are eager to hear about films and the B.B.C. must keep in line with the popular demand. The theatre programme which is produced by Ayton Whitaker and Felix Felton has much more to say, and says it rather better. So far it has kept off mere " show talk," which is a good thing, and among interesting topics in the last number were a discussion about the National Theatre and a talk on the Reunion Theatre Association. An important new forthcoming series of broadcasts is " Science Survey," which starts in the Light programme on May 3 and will be given every Friday. Many eminent scientists will take part in these programmes, which will form the most comprehensive scientific series that has been broadcast so far. BAD SPINNING Operatives Deny Increase In an interview on Thursday with a representative of the "Manchester Guardian" Mr. Albert Knowles. president of the Operative Spinners' Amalgamation, emphatically denied the suggestion, made in the Master Spinners' Federation's statement on that day, that since the Cotton Control had assumed the responsibility of supplying Lancashire's raw cotton requirements there had been an increase in the complaints of bad spinning. "The standard of spinning during the war." Mr. Knowles said, " has been on a higher level than at any time in the history of the trade." The numbers of complaints made m the period before, say. 1930. were far in excess of those which were being received now. Since the ending of Lend-Lease, however, there had been some difficulty as a result of the inability to obtain normal supplies of American cotton. GARDENS TO VISIT A large number of private gardens are being opened to the public throughout the summer in aid of the funds of the Queens Institute of District Nursing and its amliated nursing associations. Those in the North-western area which may be visited during the next few weeks include : Unecshlra. Sundv. Kar 5. 2 to 7 p a., Woodcocz Hall, Do.pliintKv1m. near Lancaster (Mr. A. w Wilson); Saturday. Mar 18 to Ma; 25. todusTe. 11 &.xn. to 7 p.m.. Wlzunarledfli Hall. G&rsian (Mr P. Par lets) . Wednesday. May 29. 2 pm. to 6 pjo.. Croltlaads. Caton. near Lancaster (Lleurint Cornel W. ii. Muaerave-Hoyle) Cheshire. Sundiy. AprL 21 2 pm. to 7 (a., The Ixxlge. Malpns (Colonel Kae: April Li a, z p.m u 7 pjn., DorlOld Hail. Sasroch; May 11, 2 p.m ;o T a.m.. Th Hole Sauu MObberleV tHev. H E. T Allen) : Miy IS 2 s m. to 7 p m . Abby wood. D:aniere -Mr. W. E. C'.tfV. Ma? !9. 2 pra to v p.m.. Wrtjuiiburv C ine Itanirkb lilr. R. H.' a Tattoal; May 26, 2 pai to 7 pm.. Asnton Hayes, rhM'w iIIk. Ernest Jchnvtnl: Mir 25 2 D m lu 7 pm.. Houg-i Hall, near Crewe (Colonel w. J Kt.r.t: Mav 26. 2 ojn. to 7 djii Ttr? Girth. T4roor.e (Miss Irene P Preawlcai; May 29. 3 pjn to a p jn . Portal. Tarporlrr (couulel r. larsrja isroojcsi. North Walts. May 15. Gorddlnog. Llanlalr tech an (Major Erie Piatt) In each case charges of sixpence to a shilling are made. At Woodcock Hall Mr. Wilson is giving away 100 rock plants ; and at Croftlands and Gordd-irjog tea may be had. " Manchester Guardian ' Copyrisac serious casualties to report were many wretched newts and sticklebacks. Thousands of them must have passed into the murky captivity of tin-can and jam-jar. The open spaces in the north of the citv were not. apparently, quite so highly charged. One saw a single couple upon the newly opened tennis courts at Boggart Hole Clough, a moderate collection waiting for boats at the lake, l.ttle more than a trickle along the flower-lined walks. The wide stretches of grass were a green desert, Other parks, too. were fairly quiet, their leafv Daths undisturbed. Belle Vue was obviously the mote powerful magnet, drawing busloads from all directions. Inside the gate they were welcomed by row upon row ot variegated tulirjs standing in sun soldierly ranks Brassy music blared in their ears again. For the first time this year they swooped, shrieking, up and down among the painted mountains of the scenic railway. Patient beasts in paddocks and cages held their largest court in years and feasted on buns. The holiday atmosphere here rose to pre-war intensity. But although amusement park and open space collected the crowds, one could not have called the centre of the city quiet. For there were many who chose to spend the afternoon in an orgy af window-shopping, and the cinemas, in spite of bright sunshine and blue sky, sucked in their quota too. The railway stations were busy sending crowds off to tic south and the east. From Victoria Station six relief trains were run in the morning and early afternoon, four to Blackpool, and two to Southport ; by tnree o clock everyone had been moved. NEW FILMS IN LONDON From our London Film Critic London, Fbiday. " Gilda " (at the Tivoli and New Gallery on Sunday) is not so much a film as a mirage fascinating to watch but wither ing under the reflective analytic eye. Thrillers may be allowed a certain quota of hocus-pocus ; this one surely contains more than any normal quota, what with its grandiose main plot, its host of minor improbabilities, and its monstrous casino and its swordsticks and its pretentious, cryptic dialogue. The dialogue is most typical : all is allusion, epigram, and veiled meanings ; only subsequently is it evident that in the first place there was little meaning to unveil Here, in fact, was enough deadweight to sink a dozen potentially good films Yet at the time of seeing it this film seemed both an unusual kind of film and an unusually good one The interesting thing, therefore, about this mirage is not that subsequent analy sis finds it insubstantial but that it enthralls at first glance How does it do this ? It establishes and sustains an atmo sphere amoral, sumptuous and even pas sionate ; it is an atmosphere to which American films often appear to aspire and which they seldom attain. And the story has a momentum and an excitement which. for the time being, set aside logic. One accepts, unprotesting, this Argentinian casino-owner (George Macready) who may easily become world dictator ; one accepts his almost equally unlikely partner and rival (Glenn Ford) What is still more important is that one accepts Gilda herself, for all the film depends on this one charmer. Rita Hayworth supplies Gilda s quite remarkable beauty and Charles Vidor, the director, provides the rest; between them they create a being who might well have been the downfall of a dictator or so it seems at the time. " Gilda " has affinities with " Casablanca " and " To Have and to Have Not." Luce them, it is rich m minor " character " parts excellently played. Like them, it is abundantly suggestive of international intrigue, and it depends, luce them, mainly on the cnarms ot one ctress " Gilda ' contains the most numerous absurdities, yet, of the three, it is the most impressive film or is it only Miss Hayworth's good looks which make it seem so ? At the Academy Cinema to-morrow a new French film. " Fnc Frac." wdl be shown with Arletty. Fernandel, and Michael Simon in the chief roles. This will be reviewed next week. MANCHESTER CATHEDRAL ETensorg at 3 50 H0I7 Communion: Sundays at 9 a rn. and after Matins: Holy Day and Fridays at 11 a.m Baptisms after due notice. Saturdav (Easter Even). Matins and Ante-Oomauaton saM at 11 a.m. Evecaone: Stanford In S flat; Processional Hymn 125: Anthem. " Slnx aloud with gladness" (Weaieyl Easter Day. Matins at 10 30: Saster p""w 232: Te deurn and Jubilate. Stanford In B Oat: Psalm 111: Anthem. " Good Christian Men" (Thlman): Holy Communion. Stanford In B flat: P5A-rr. 114: Cantata, Easter Music from " Messiah " (Hasdel): Hymn 125. 134. gvenine Service at 6 30 (Song bv the Voluntary Cho'.rv; Psalm 111: Nunc Dimittis. 89 (1351: Anthem. " Worthy Is the LarrJj ": Hymns 134 135. 300. 125 (last two versesi (tune E.H. 519 - Preachers-10 30, the R'eh: Rev the Lord BUhon of Manchester; 3 SO. Nj Arrmor: 6 30. th V-rv Rri Darned Wl lijms. M 3 S3.. Dvan. TUB HEALTH RESORTS ca flours to b P in yesierdavi Sua Ra-n Terno Krs In. Lot. Hieh Rmaru ... 1L-7 ... 4553 ... Snnny ... 135 ... . 2 54 ... Sunny ...12"5 3353 ... sunny .11-6 . 3853 ... Sunny .108 ... ... 4554 Sunnv carborongn Eastbourne. Torquay Douglas I Morecambe South port.. .-U'6 ... ,H 3558 . Sonny Rhyl .-......126 ... ... 3654 ... Sunny Colwyn By..-.-.....13"l ... 4068 Sonny MISCELLANY Drier Britain A few slight tremors mere shivers of moisture have marked the extraordinary procession of dry and sunny days, but the weather in general gives the impression that it is prepared to keep it up over Easter; the anticyclone appears to be-lord of the land. For five successive years the rainfall over this island has been lower than the annual average or only just up to it, as was the case last year and it looks as though a lot of water will have to come down later in the year if 1946 is not to add another example to the drier sequence However, this would cer tainly not be the moment to join Sydney Smith's friend Noodle in his joyfully lugubrious reminder, " We shall suffer for this, sir, by-and-by '. " On the testimony of the rainfall figure for the past five years, perhaps we shall not suffer so greatly, after all, and if we get this weekend over without any cloudbursts we should be ready to take what is coming to us with becoming fortitude. It is, however, something of a wonder that we have not already been widely warned about our water supplies. The weather in March was dry even when it was uncomfortably cold, and since it turned warm and sunny it has been drier than ever. Perhaps in a world which is so short of so many things the authorities have forgotten to remind us that we shall presently be in some straits for water as well as for bread and fuel. Or perhaps they are saving their admonitions up until after the Easter break. An Easter Custom The Easter, holidays, said to have been originated by Alfred the Great, used to be the occasion of a great many more or less rowdy customs, most of which have been refined away by the genteel hand of time. One of these obsolete pieces of horseplay, once common in Lancashire, Cheshire, and the Midlands, was the ritual known as heaving or hoisting. Parties of men went from house to house on Easter Monday carrying a chair decorated with flowers and evergreens. They seized each woman in turn and made her sit in the chair, which they then raised as high as they could three times in succession. On Easter Tuesday the women did the same thing for the men. Of course, people whose dignity was a thing to be guarded could always get out of being heaved by making a money payment; the household book of Edward I shows that he paid 14 forfeit to avoid being " heaved by the maids of honour." Air-Minded Five-year-old : " What's that, daddy ? " Daddy : " A bumble-bee." Three-year-old : " What is it ? " Five-year-old : " Bomber-bee." Three-year-old : " What ? " Five-year-old : " Bomber-bee, silly." DE GUSTIBUS f" Cave and pot-holing organisations are getting into their stride again." Subterranean symptom of returning peace, as reported in that excellent little monthly " The Yorkshire Dalesman," a copy of which has . been sent to " Miscellany." How diverse man's choice in pleasure as applied to hours of leisure ! There are those who only treasure seaside joys as ones of worth ; Some are all for mountaineering, others find the plains more cheering. While some plump for disappearing in the bowels of the earth. That's a choice which strikes the critic as distinctly troglodytic. Harking back to days mephitic when the blitzes buzzed around ; When so many, helter-skelter, had to seek the air-raid shelter Where they learnt to sit and swelter in a refuge underground. So we gaze with awe and wonder on the folk who dive down under, When the guns no longer thunder and the warning sirens cease. Not for them mere surface strolling ; they find darkness more consoling And prefer to go pot-holing in these piping times of peace. Don't denounce their taste as dreary ; they regard it as most cheery. But it does suggest the query : Can you find a quainter soul. Search from Knaresborough to the Dniester, than the underground bean- feaster Who prepares to spend his Easter down a damp and devious hole ? Lucio. TOD A Y'S WE A THER Mainly Fair Forecast for the 24 hours beginning 6 a.m. to-day : General Inference: A rif of high pressure from the Azores to Southern "Erm'xiA 1 movlnc miLh and a trough of low pressure is moving south ait across ocouaiia. wer otntucra xwgiua ana oouu Wales It will be rasher -warm, with sunny periods, farther North It will be more cloudy, and there may be soma rain locally In the North ot England, Nona Wales, and West Scotland London. SJI 8.W., and C. Eartend. E. and W. juaianas, ana a. nates: itigat to moderate soutti-westerly to westerly vlnds: lair, with sunny periods; rather warm. Best of En eland. N- Wales, S.E. Scotland, and S.E. and S.W. Ireland: Moderate to IreAh saath- vesterlv 10 westerly winds; mainly fair, -alth variable auiauu'iia m ciuua ana aiixace ax tome local iignt rain, rather "a arm. Beat ot Scotland. Islr of Man. Orkney and Shetland, muQ iaa n-t. Arcjiuo; jaoacraie w iresn SOUtl- aester.y to westerly winds, but fresh to strong at nrst in the North; rather cloudy at first, with some shovers. becoming mainly lair later; rather cold. Further Outlook: MlLniy i3.1i. San Moon - Rises Sets Rise a Sets To-daT 6 OO SIB ... 7 51 i.m To-morrow . 57 8 19 .12 51 ajn. 8 21 a m. For every ten miles nortn o Manchester sunset Is later by 17 seconds, rho Moon: Last Quarter Apm 24 LAMP-TIME FOR VEHICLES : To-day 9 18 p.m. 4 57 a.m To-morrow .... 9 19 p.m. 4 55 a.m. MANCHESTER WEATHER Wbttwostm Fiu MrrEoaoLocicir OaszatAroar. iButsSAT, Ann. 18 Weather summary for pu; 24 hours ending 10 p.m.: Bright and ciouay most ot the day. "sith some rain In the early morning. Barometer tendency: Rising. Barometer. 10 pm., millibar. 1,027.7 (30 415io ). Shade temperatures: Bry trtUb. IO an. 49 3, dry trc.o, 10 pm., 47.9; maximum 57, minimum 46. Humidity .percentagei, 10 im 69, humidity fper-cezcai. lo p m. 77 Rainiall 0 020 '.ccnes Sunshine 5 3 hours. Fiidat. Ann, 19. Weather summary for pass 24 ho-jrs en din? 10 p m.: Fog and dew In early moral n. with bright sunshine later in morning and afternoon Barometer tendency: Rising. Barometer. 10 Pn . millibars 1,028 8 (30.613 Inches). Shade temperatures Dry bulb, 10 a.m., 43 8; dry halo, io pm.. 49.8; mATTtman, 63; rain bra am, 37. Humidity percentage), 10 am. 94; humidity (percentage). 10 -pjo., TO. Ra tnfiii: Trace. Sanshine- 7.4 hoars. Tne barometric pressure giten la corrected to mean sea Ierel at 45dea latitude and 12deg. centigrade KENDAL, MILNE & CO. DEANSGATE. MANCHESTER. When Closed and on Sundays Funeral Orders are attended to at 60. KING STREET. MANCHESTER Teeonong v55ft BLcrir!a.r- FFLECK & B ROWS. LTD.. OLDHAi: STREET, MANCHESTER 1 FEMrsl Director, Mr MILLS. Tlepnone BLAcklrlars 8644. Whf n closed and during trttt-tnCs 'piion BramtaU 79 COMMEMORATIVE GIFTS for Churches. schools and i;oi.tcs uur.ii laoieu. rums ol Honon;. Remembrance Seau and Scalno!a&l Wixxsws send scamps ids i zoz wxxjn. uiusiranoc man; twaat:!ui Declgaa :th Book of InicripUona C MAILS SON LTD 367 Em too had London W 1, FYANS & GORDON. LTD "Phones: FUNERAL DIBECTOSa CRCtla. 6721 111 oreat Ancomtt at.. MancncsMi la utmi XI LUTON'S for Memorial; Inscriptions. BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS 2s oer line LMmlmum two llncs.T All such announcement jtanst be authenticated b the name and address of the sender, and In the case of. EnsJstmems by the sJtnatura el both parties. postage stomps or postal orders may be sent In payment. BIRTHS ASTIN. On April 15. 1946. at Sandtord Nurslnc Hume. Llandudno to KATHLEEN (nee sollinj, nil o. DONALD ASTIN a brother for Joyce. BERZSFORD. On Wednesday April 17. at St. Mary's. w. ttorth Pari:, to harry ana MAnx beatkics (ntv Princev a daughter. 17. 5'ookteish Manchester 20. BEVAN. On April 17. at the Cleveland Nurslnt Home, to MARJORIS (nee Edwards), wite ot C Q M.S. R. BEVAN. Roval Signals, a daughter. Ojlcletah, 40. Corrle Rood. Clifton. Manchester. HEILBROH. On April 17 at Qrosvenor House urs.n? Home, Heaton Chapel, to LORE (nea Sender I. ulle of K. HErLBRON. BDS. L.D.S.. a daughter. MERCER. On April 17. at Tlmperley Lodge N ursine name, to .Mr. ana .Mrs. w Jb. M&ofurat (lormeny Bery; Hunt), a son (Both well.) Lorraine. Clarence Road. Bale. MURRAY. On April 17, at St Mary's Hospital. aiancnesier. to jlai4 (nee eiison) and Kfi2iErrx HESLOP MURRAY a son. PREEDV. On April 17. at Beech Mount, to ROY and DOROTHEA (nee Lindsay! a daughter (Margaret Stafford) (Both ucll ) RILEY. On April 16. at Femhanfe Nursing Home, ndatmgs, io ..unuAtUi i vnee reuireuj, wuo or the Rev. H. C. RILEY. S N V R . twin sons. STORY. On April IB. at RedcllSe Maternity Home. x-imwicn. io aujukia in uiidinsoai. wue or EDWARD STORY, a daughter la sister for Helen. COMING OF AGE PLEM1NC. Dr. and Mrs FLEMING have pleasure in announcing ztier coming ot Age ot tnelr eldest daughter, JOSEPHINE April 22. 1946. Marple. Cheshire. NUTTALL. Mr. and Mrs. Clifford A NUTTALL are pleased to announce the coming of age of their e,di:r son, PHILIP ANTHONY, serving on Hja s. Impcab. B P.F.. and send congratulations and loung -fttshes lor April 21 1940; also for ths same date, lotmg greetings to their ounger son, KEITH, RAF. Singapore, on his nineteenth birthday. 144. Stocltpor- Road Cheadle. Cheshire. WESTOOTT. Mr. and Mrs M C. WESTCOTT. 17. Lord Street. Ashton-undet Lyne. hate pleasure in announcing the coming of age of their son GRAHAM IR.AF.l. April 21. 1946 ENGAGEMENTS BROCKLEHURST HEEDHAM. The engagement Is announced between WALTER HARRY BROCKLEHURST. B.SC.. only son of Mr and Mrs. w. Brocklehurst. of Yorkshire Road. Prestwlch. Man. Chester, and HAZEL VICTORIA NEEDHAM. younger daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. V. Needham, of Bournemouth (late ot Prestnlch). HAYNES ASH WORTH, The engagement Is an-announced betneea GORE ROBERT VICTOR ' Bill -), younger son of Councillor C. R. V. HAYNES. J.P.. und Mrs O. R. V. Haynes, ot Pendleton. Salford. and HILDA WINIFRED, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs E. ASH WORTH, ot Whalley Range, Manchester. KILBV HAMEY. The engagement Is announced between HORACE SYDNEY RAYMOND, onlv son of Mr and Mrs. KILBY. of Luton, and MARGARET AUDREY, only child of Mr. and Mrs. Norman HAMEY. of Conway Avenue. Whtiefleld MORRIS FAZAKERLEY. The engagement H announced between FRANK LEO only son ot Mi. and Mrs. Fruiik MORRIS, of West Bromwlch. and JOAN. onl child of Mr and Mrs. Jamea FAZAKERLEY. G!an--Coed. Penmaenmanr (for-merley of Oldham 1 THORNLEY TAYLOR The engagement Is an-nounced between FREDERICK, son ot Mrs and the liite Mr. R THORNLEY of Hazel Grove. Cheshire, and CONSTANCE M 'TWLOR. daughter of Mr. and Mrs S A Ta; lor ol Poynton. Cheshire MARRIAGES AVEYARD MYLES. On April 18. 194fi, at the Manchester Reglstrv Office. JOHN BENNION. only son of Mrs. Je.mi jnd the late Mr. J. R. AVEYARD, to LILIAN CATHERINE MYLES. younger daughter of Mr. and Mrs F. A Brcnson. 4. The Crescent. Fullowtleid BO YD EN R ENS HAW. On April 16. 1946. at St. Mao's Church. Rlngvu-j. Cheshire. HUGH HAMILTON, son of Surgeon Captain P. H. BOYDEN. of Soulhjea Hampshire, to MARY OLDHAM, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Graham BENSHAW. of Hale Cheshire HARDMAN CLOUGH. On April 17. 1946. tit Christ Church. Walmerslcy. JOHN RONALD, eldest, son of Mr. und the :u(e Mrs T. V HARDMAN. of 126 Waterloo Road SouthDort. and fOrmerlv of Bankfleld, Ainsuorth. to ETHEL MARGARET, onlv daughter of Mr ana Mrs. William CLOUGH. of Langness. Llmeneld. Bur. HINKS MADDOX. On April 17. 1946. at St. Philip's Church. Alderfev Edge bv Canon W. J. Graven, assisted bv the Rev. E. Benson Perkins. JOHN ACLAND HINKS. of Styal. voungest son of Alderman and Mrs J. D. Hinks. of DurllnRton. and DOROTHY, onlv daughter ot the Rev. H. E. and Mrs. MADDOX. of Alderlev Edge. HOPKINSON RICKARD. On April 18, at Manchester Cathedral, F'O JOSEPH HOPKINSON. of Sheffield to MARJORIE daughter ot Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Ware, of Blackley Manchester Silver Weddings ASH WORTH MARSLRND On April 20. 1921. at Prestbury Church, by the Rev. H. L. Fosbreok. M A . vicir of North somercoles, Llnrolnshlre. assisted by the Rev. W Armour. M.A . Vicar of St. Cross. Knutsford and the Rev Canon Brouthton. M A . Vicar of the Parlst, FRANK EDWARD, eldeit son of tile late Francis ASHWORTH. of Knutsford. to NORA, only daughter of Mr J. Edward MARSLAND and Mrs. Marslund. ol Endon Ball. Macclesfield The Lowlands. Alderlev Edge. BEAUMONT DARBYSHIRE. On April 20. 1921. ac Boa'don Parish Church. JOHN BEECROFT. elder son of Mr. and Mrs. Jamrs BEAUMONT, of Colllnffham. Leeds, to MURIEL onl daughter of Mr. and Mrs Alfred DARBYSHIRE ol Altrinchnm Present address. 4. Hollin Lane. Leeds b HAW0RTH GRECSON. On April 20. 1921. at Union Church. Stretford CLEMENT BREWIN. ouneer son of the late Joshua HAWORTH. of Cho-lcy, to EDITH ANNIE. vounKer daughter of the late William OREGSON of Strtllord Wilton House. Chorley 6T0CKDALE DAWSON. On April 20. 1921. at St. Anne's Church. Sale bv the Rev. N. V. Scorer. M A . SYDNEY R V. STOCKDALE of Stockport, to MARGARET JOSEPHINE DAWSON, of Bowdon and Sale. Present address, 4, Lurgzm Avenue. Sale Golden Wedding DALE M0RLEV On April 21. lBSi. at Owlerton Church. Sheffield. ARTHUR DALE. B A . Rector nt St. Jame5-the-Le5s. Ancoats Manchester Hater of All Saints', Oxford Houd. Manchesterl, to KATK MORLEY. youngest dougtiter of Sampson Morle, of Sheffield Martholme. Oldfleld Road. Altrlncham. DEATHS BANNER. On April 17. In hospital. ROY BERTRAM BANNER, affed cj4 ears the beloved husband of Maud Banner. Interment at Brereton, Staffordshire, on Monday at 2 30 pra BERRISFORD. On April 19. at 20. Hermitage Read, Crurnpsa'.l, WILLIAM JAMES, dearly loved husband of Florence BERRISFORD Committal at the Manchester Crematorium on Wednesday. April 24. at 11 30 am Inquiries to E. Ollter. Tel. Cheetham Hill 2780. C0LWELL. On April 17. 1946. at 206. Heatcn Moor Road, Heaton Moor, JULIA the dearly Joved wile ot the Rev. John W. OOLWELL. aed 81 lean. Service in Heaton Moor Methodist Church this day (Saturday! at ten-thirty o'clock prior to interment ot the Southern Cerneter. at eleven-thirty o clock. Inquiries to Mr. G. Ball. Tel HEAton Moor 2131. EVANS. On April 19. at Wlndyrldge. Lyme Road. Disley. CHARLES, dearly loved husband of Matlldu EVANS, In his 72nt. year Serv'ce at the Parish Church of St. Thomas. High Lane, on Tuesday, April 23. at 12 15 pm; committal at Stockport Crematorium et 1 p m No Hovers, by request. 1DD0N. On April 17, as the result of an Accident. JOHN, dearly loved husband ol Mary IDDON and devoted father of Tonv and Janet, of Hillside. Woodlands Road, Dlsley. in his 45th ear. Service at the Stockport Crematorium this day (Saturday) at 2 30 P m No flowers Donations may be sent to the Christie Hospital, Manchester. Inquiries to John W. Surindells. Ltd Tel New Mills 3317. J0R0HELL. On April 18, at 30. Ruabon Road. Dldsbury. MARY, loved wife ol the late John JORDRELL. of Withlivston KENYON. On April 14. 1946. at her residence. 4. Lowther Terrace. Lvtharn EMILY, the dearly loved wife of w. H. KENYON llate of Accrlngton). LEA. On April 18. of 24. Croft Fold. Cheadle Huune. ALBERT (EDWARD, the dearly loved son of Thomat Albert and Ellen LEA and brother of Arthur. In h! 25th year. Interment at the Stocrport Borough Cemetery on Tuesday at one twenty-five o'clock. Inquiries to Messrs O. Meredith Tel STO. 2065 MILLER. On April 17. 1946 suddenly. JOHN, aged 61 years, dearty beloved husband of Frances Mary MILLER and dear father of Les.le. Arnold, and Donald. Service at St Andrew's Church. Eccles. at 1 45 p m on Tuesdav, April 23; 'r.terment ot Peel Green Cemetery at 2 30 p m. MUIom. 839. Liverpool Road. Peel Green, Eccles. or Manchester. OWEN. On April 19. In hospital, MARY EMMERSON. the dearly loved wife of the lata Councillor Herbert Edward OWEN and beloved mother of Wtnnte and Nora, of 9. Stafford Road. Etcles Service at Immanuel Methodist Churcn. Wellington Road. Eccles. on Tuesday at 1 1 45 ajn., pr.or to cremation at the Manchester Crematorium at 1 p m No flowers, by request. Inquiries to Coop and Sons. Ltd Tel PEN 1487 P0PPLET0N. On April 16. 1946. FLORENCE MAUD, widow of Robert POPPLETON. of Eccles. and clear mother of Harry and Howard Poppleton. aged 86 years Service ar Hope Church (St. James's Pendleton, on Tuesday, April ' 23. ctt 11 15 am., prior to cremation at the Manchester Crematorium at twelve noon ROGERS. On April 17. In hoirpital. JANE ROGERS, of 161. Wtthingwm Road. Whalley Range, in her 86th year Service at the Manchester Creme-torttun on Tuesday. April 23. at 11 am No flowers by request. TALBOT. On April 19. at ClalrvlUe, Chester Road. Fovnton JANE AMELIA, dearly be:oved wife of William M. TALBOT and mother of Mrs. Leslie Hudson. Service at St George's Church. Poynton on Tuesday at tio-thlrly o'clock, follortd by Interment at St John's Chure1-.. Hlsrher Broughton at three-thlrtv o'clock. Inquiries to Messrs. G. Meredith. Tel. STO 2065 TH0MASS0N. On April 19. at 7, FoJtley Road. Crumpsall ELLEN. widow of Frederick THOMASSON Servlc ar S: Mary's. Crumpsall. at 2 p m ; Interment at St Paul's. ECersal, at 2 30 p.m. on Tuesday April 23. Inquiries to E Oliver. Tel. Cheetham Hill 2780 TURNER. On April 18. at his son's residence. 33. Crotnpton Road. Levenshnlme. JAMES HENRY (late of 95. Albert Road), beloved hnsband of tha late Reglna TURNER, in bis 81st year. Senrlca at Blade Lane Baptist Church at 1 15 p.rn.. prior to interment at the Southern Cemetery on Tuesday, April 23. at tw o'clock WADIA. On Good Friday April 19. 1946. at Robin's Wood, effingbam. EVELYNS CLARA, wife of Err Ness WADIA K.B.E., O.I.E.. and mother of Jer Clara Neville. Inquiries to Lcfigbnrst. undertakers. TeL Epsom 548. Ik Memoriam BUTLER. In nnfadlac memory on his birthday ot JOHN (Captain. Seaforth Highlanders). Tha gave 1.1s life for us at El Alamea). 1942. Audrey. COLLINS (ne Colly). To the dear memory of our beloved daughter ELSIE who passed away Apv.l 23. 1953. Just a cluster cf beastiful memories And a beartjctif still for you. Awake or asleep eacn memory we keep Dee? in our hearts of you Mother. Dad. and Asm tie. Grappenrian. Warrlacton C00DIER. In memory ot nry dear noteer. ESTHER GCOD1ER. who passed away April 20. 1925. Amy Goodler. HAvEV In sBecaonata my lorloa wife AUICX. whs i died April ao. 1940. A thoocbl for to-day A i Lrmeftald. imeOer Road. Q t0Tver. f HIULIMra lovtsar memory ft tta Rev. JACOB

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