The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on January 18, 1939 · 4
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 4

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Wednesday, January 18, 1939
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4 THE MCHESTER GUARDIAN, .WEDNESDAY, JANUARY. 18. 1939 R.A.F. CRASH AT CROWBOROUGH 'PLANE FALLS ON HOUSE Pilot and Maid Killed: Woman Saved from Wreckage FREEDOM OF UNIVERSITIES Lord, Baldwin and the Preservation of Liberties DEGREE CEREMONY IN LEEDS From our Special Correspondent Leeds, Tuesday. The Duke of Devonshire was to-day installed. Chancellor of the University of Leeds in place of "his father, the late Duke, who held,, the office for many years. ;The ceremony, which took place' at a Congregation in the Leeds Town Hall, was attended by representatives of the universities, of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Eire. After the installation honorary degrees were conferred on thirteen distinguished men, including Lord Baldwin (also an honorary freeman of the city), who later addressed the Congregation. Those who received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws included Mr. W. S. Morrison, K.C., MP., Minister of Agriculture, and Mr. J. W. Dulanty, High Commissioner for Eire in London, and a .graduate of Man chester University, while that of Doctor of Science was conferred on Sir Arthur S. Eddineton and on Dr. J. S. B. Stopford, Vice-Chancellor of Manchester University. The Duke of Devonshire, on making his formal entrance to the hall, was attended by his eleven-year-old daughter, Lady Ann Cavendish, as page He was received by the Vice-Chancellor (Mr. B. Mouat Jones), who presented him with the scroll of his hon. degree or Doctor of Laws and installed him as (Jiianceiior. The New Chancellor In welcoming the Duke, the Vice-Chancellor said they recalled with pride and gratitude the great services rendered to the University by his distinguished father, "who filled with such easy dignity, such ripe judgment, and with such conspicuous success the high office to which you have now been called." In you, my Lord Duke (he continued), we welcome a Chancellor who by tradition and conviction accepts both the universality of knowledge and the trust imposed upon universities to safeguard the liberty of thought and to defend the free spirit ' of man." In his reply the new Chancellor said : " We live to-day in a dark and uncertain world, a world in which it seems at times, even to the most optimistic, that civilisation is on the ebb. The outlook for everything in man's heritage we hold most Mear is gloomy and threaten-. ing.. We survey the melancholy spectacle of armaments piling up. of progress being interrupted in order that the weapons of violence may be more abundant, of force triumphant. "But let us not fcrget, while not minimising these evils, if we can. to look at the bright side of things when we can legitimately do so. Of all the forces working for good in the world, for a better understanding between the peoples of tolerance and liberalism in the highest sense of the word, for the spread, of free knowledge, the universities and all that they stand for are perhaps the most important, and we can fairly take comfort and encouragement from the fact that they are playing a greater part in -the life of the nations than at any time in the past, and that their influence is making itself felt among a greater and ever-increasing part of the population." The Honorary Graduands The conferment of the thirteen honorary degrees, with the delivery of the orations that preceded them, lasted a long time. The first to be honoured was Lord Baldwin (who assisted himself with a stick to mount the platform), and the second Mr. Dulanty, who was next to Lord Baldwin in the procession of honorary graduands. Lord Baldwin Lord' Baldwin was presented by Professor A. Hamilton Thompson, who, ' describing him as " the student who seeks in the company of the ancients help and counsel for the problems of the present," said that, as three times Prime Minister of Great Britain, no one knew better the risks that beset out national fortunes "amid dangers which we can no longer regard with insular detachment ana' the growth ol new political forces whose future defies' prophecy. No man could have faced those perils with greater courage than Lord Baldwin : few men could have impressed members of all parties in the. State with such a conviction of the simple integrity which has ruled his motives ;. few, indeed, at a moment of supreme national -crisis, could have hoped to carry public opinion so whole heartedly with -him." Mr. Dulanty. Mr.: Dulanty was presented by Professor Turberville, who mentioned among the -offices Mr. Dulanty had held that" of secretary to the Faculty of Technology in Manchester. "But to-day?' he said, " it is chiefly as High Commissioner 'for- Eire that we seek to do him honour. He has shown himself entirely worthy of that liigh office by his single-minded devotion to his country's interests, coupled' with a genuine readiness to appreciate the point of view of others, "in -which he has been-aided alike by his knowledge of English methods of administration and by his Irish qualities -of genial wit and-charm of-manner. - " A conspicuous example of success in Mr. Chamberlain's policy of seeking the solution of difficult problems by methods of conciliation has been the improvement recently brought about in the relations between Great Britain and Eire.' Among those to whom credit is due for that achievement, is Mr. Dulanty, who by his tact and goodwill helped then, as he helps still, to promote friendship -and understanding between the two countries." Dr. Stopford.' Dr. Stopford was " described by Professor Stewart as " a Lancastrian born and bred, educated in the Grammar School and University of Manchester,"." a distinguished anatomist and academic head, of . a . great sister university," arid, further,: as "one of that select group of anatomists who have been particularly interested in the applications of their science to the relief of -human suffering.-. . .His--war work on gunshot injuries of nerves was of fundamental -importance, and: as neurologist to the Second Western General Hospital he was able not only to render invaluable -help" in the - treatment of patients but also to apply the experience gained In this field to the elucidation of the mode of distribution ot'the sensbiry -nerves. ; His .well-known book1 on .this subject,-, Sensation and the Sensory Pathway,' was published in 1930;sthryearaafter.hi3yelection to - FeUowaafebf theiRoyad-Sbciety. c" ,-SAflSHMS-ttae'Me'was taking an active I partv in university ; adrninistration,, as ; - -.- ":,;,"-: -;v Dean of the Medical School, as chairman of the Board of Medicine, and. as Pro-Vice-Chancellor. . Iff these respon sible offices he showed both great administrative.ability and a 'sympathetic understanding of ;tne difficulties 01 nis colleagues ' in all faculties,' and it was not' surprising that, four years ago, he should be elected Vice-Chancellor of his Alma Mater." LORD BALDWIN Safeguarding of Liberties At the close Lord Baldwin addressed the Congregation on behalf of the; hon. graduates. Speaking as one with some experience .of receiving an honorary degree," he said he felt the compliment of a university honour more and more as life went on. Ana ior this reason. " Whatever we (his fellow hon. graduates) may be, whatever we have done, we nave an ox. us- in very different walks tried to do sometmng with our lives." (Loud applause). A university could honour anyone it thought worthy of honour, and it was an honour that could not- be gained . by " intrigue, , by pushing, by asking -lor it, or in any other way than what appears to the university at the moment merit of some sort. "It is a very pleasant feeling to us (Laughter). Many of us have been kicked about while we have been working, and for an unprejudiced body to send a message, as it were, to say, 'Well, you may not be much of a fellow, and you may not have done a great deal, but we, sitting here and looking on, think you have done your best we think what you have done has been honest work, and we think you are entitled to have the reward of our recommendation' I tell you," said Lord Baldwin; ' that is worth having. (Applause). We all like it. If I may say so, and be personal for a moment, I have just caught sight of a man whom I. perhaps, know best on my left, Mr. W. S. Morrison, and I am quite sure to-day will be more cheering to him than you can imagine." (Laughter and applause). Standards of Civilisation Proceeding, Lord Baldwin said there were two things for which, in his mind, a university . stood perhaps more' than for any other two. He would define them as standards and truth. The more democratic we got. in the common usage of the word, the more if we did-not want .to sink in the civilised scale and become barbarians again the more our standards in everything must be maintained and kept high : standards of literature, art, work of all kinds. Once lost, it might be centuries before they could be Hot back. Shoddy should be known as shoddy and second-rate as second-rate. "I have been very much impressed with that sometimes in reading reviews." said Lord Baldwin. Then as to truth. That was particularly important to-day. -It is not in danger in this country yet, and I hope it never will be. We never want to see the dav when truth is sought merely with the object of proving--'' a .case, or history is written with' that object, or truth itself is coloured so that its own mother would not recognise it-Universities must stand and be recognised as seekers after truth, with no ulterior motive for the sake of truth and truth alone. (Applause.) There was one last thing ; universities must be absolutely free and indepen dent, governing themselves, regulating themselves, and never becoming sub servient. What were the dangers? He did not believe that in this country they would succeed, but there was a real reason why we should preserve what we had got. One danger, known to come to universities, was that of an attempt to use the influence .of wealth. " That is not a danger here." When people gave money to universities, he was glad to think, it was not given with any idea. of interference. It was given for the universities to use, and it was the universities themselves that knew in what way gifts could be expended to the best advantage. Gifts Without Interference -" But there yet remains one danger. Here, again, ,we are free from .that, but it must always be watched, and that .is State interference, the most dangerous of the lot. - and. which we have seen in Europe in our own time, and would never have believed it ' unless . we had seen it. "Our universities depend more and more on State grants public .money. It must be so. and I think that will probably increase with .time rather than decrease ; but you must resist to the death, if it ever comes, any attempt of any Government department, or any tiovernment ol any colour, to make gifts conditional on wnat you teach and how you teach. (Loud applause.) - "I hope that we shall never in this country be faced with a difficulty of .that kind . I do not believe for moment that we- shall, but-1 do feel that, in view of what has. happened in several countries of the world- in recent years, we should be doubly vigilant in safeguarding our liberties and our own freedom." THE PALESTINE CONFERENCE "Critical Point" Mr. Malcolm MacDon aid. Secretary for the Colonies and Dominions, yester day partially cancelled the arrangements ior nis visit to rtoss ana Cromarty to-morrow. He said in- a telegram to nis constituents : Critical point now reached in prepara tions -for discussion" on Palestine with Arabs and Jews and necessitates my being in London throughout Friday. I am afraid, therefore, ! must catch 4 15 train' from Inverness Thursday .afternoon., : Deeply regret this means my cancelling for the present public meeting in Tain, butthis is inevitable in - circumstances. " I am exceedingly anxious to have full discussions- on 1 agricultural ' situation , with farmers' renresentatives. . I can ohlv express ' again sincere regret at necessity' of altering arrangements, though I am glad I can come to meet my constituents on Thursday. - . ; . . ;.,' The pubhc meetirig atTainfwill thus not now -take place.ibutiMr.'MacDonald will meet ; .the "farmers at:f.Dingwall to-morrow afternoon and others corn stituents during -the morning.; .. . -; ; T. H. Cotton Is to remam-prbfessibhal to; Ashridge GtoU- aiwHertfoiPiire,-for at least four more'yfsars.. He;stated yesterday, that he"ha&rsigned:anagree-memV.to.that effect conm?mingiatenta tive arrangement made a Iew?weeks:ago. The wreckage ol . the -R.A.F. 'plane which' crashed yesterday at Crowborough, Sussex, completely demolishing part of a, house and killing one of the occupants. ALLEGED MISLEADING TRADE-MARK ON SOAP POWDER Case Against a Salford Firm to be Retried The jury at-Salford City .Quarter Sessions- yesterday, failed to agree on verdict in summonses under . the Merchandise Marks Act against Nippy Products, Limited, Buckingham Street, Salford. Robert ' Nixon, ' sen. (51) , and Robert Nixon, jun. (25). (directors), and Stanley J. Watson (secretary). A new trial was ordered by the Deputy Recorder (Mr.'S.' L. Langdon). The defendants pleaded not guilty to having in their possession - packets of soap powder .to which had been applied a mark,"Resto" so nearly resembling the trade-mark "Restu." of William1 Gossage and' Sons, Ltd., as to be calculated to deceive. They . also pleaded not guilty to "having caused a trade-mark to be falsely applied to such goods. The case for the prosecution was closed on Monday, and the first- witness yesterday-was Robert Nixon, sen. He declared that it was he who hit upon the name " Resto " for- the soap-powder. and affirmed that at the time he chose the name he had never heard o "Restu." The soap powder, he said, had been sold . on a- house-to-house campaign, and 160 gross had been dis posed of in that way. In cross-examina tion by Mr. xi. I. Nelson (for the Crown), Nixon agreed that the number of packets sold was probably nearer 31,000. The -Name Abandoned In re-examination ,by Mr.f Kenneth Burke (who appeared for all the defendants), Nixon said that whatever the result of the case he did not intend to use the mark "Resto" again.'-:': Evidence was also given by Harold Edlin, Manchester and district representative of the Wolverhampton Box Com pany, from whom (it was revealed at LATE PENSIONS APPLICATIONS Two Concessions Mr. Walter Elliot, Minister, of Health, announced yesterday concessions to some of the people who were too late with' their applications' to join the contributory pensions scheme. Mr: Elliot said that -in the last few days of 1938 the " Black-coated Workers' " Act had met with a sweeping success.' Between August, 1937, and November, 1938, approximately 298,000 applications were received, from December 1 to January. 2, 1939, the1 number was an additional 304.000 ; on1 the last day alone 112,000 were received. A number of post offices were unable to replenish their stocks of application forms quickly enough in the last days.1 and people unable to get them had com-' plained. ' It had been decided to admit those whom they were satisfied could not get the forms in time and also a large . number who posted applications on January. 2. TYNE COAL TRADE Decline in' Overseas I Shipments . 1 From our ' Correspondent Newcastle, Tuesday. -A decline in the river's coal trade was reported at to-day's meeting ol the Tyne Improvement 'Commissioners here. Pre senting the report of the Docks . and Trade Committee. Mr. R. S. Dalgliesh said that so far as coal was concerned the Tyne was in a slightly, better position than, most areas, but the decline in overseas . trade was giving cause for; grave concern. National ' bunker coal shipments were down by about 10, per, cent, but those of the Tyne were down by only 6. per. cent- .Coke-shipments i failed by 86,000 tons to- reach the 1.000.000-ton mark, which was normal for-the .'river last ' year. Iron-ore ship ments were down by 12,000 tons, -but timoer imports naa increasea ny ai.uuu tons: . At . .present there ' are thirty-three' vessels.-. of about 275,000 tons, building on the. Tyne, eighteen of them,' " of HOSIERY TRADE WAGES Notice .of ja ;5 per, cent reduction; in'; hosiery - workers'- wages -was -given; at Leicester yesterday. ; . ipje cut " will come, into force (on February. 1; '.I - - j :?lt;, is expected mat - aU the : manufac-j turers;:'ta.h'fourVbf,the;i-fr districts and- the majority in ibe other, ;wili;post" similar: notices' within . a : few days. ' - -, - vxnvy .t L , r- t A deadlock was reached at a meeting hi; Leicester'.-on: Jtfcddayr'.betweeh'vthel, employers and workers. ' ''" " the previous. hearing). Nippy Products. Limited, had purchased 250,000 cartons bearing the name " Resto." Edlin said he' was present in . Mr. Nixon, 'sen.'s office when the name "Resto" was chosen by Mr. Nixon. Mr. Nixon was intending to market another product named " Restora," and he hit upon the name " Resto " for the soap powder by deleting the last two letters of the word "Restora." Edlin added that at the time " Resto " was chosen he had never heard of " Restu." Robert Nixon, jun., and Stanley J. Watson did not give evidence! . Addressing the. jury, Mr. Burke suggested: that the most vital witness.es tha prosecution could . have put forward would have been housewives, who could have said that'they were deceived into buying "Resto" in the belief that it was " Restu," - yet not one witness of that type had been put into the witness-,box. . . '..-..' Juryman's Inquiry After deliberating for over, an hour the jury -returned to tell, the Deputy Recorder that they had been unable to agree on a verdict, and one juryman asked whether, if members of the jury thought that Messrs. Gossages had acted unfairly in bringing the prosecution, that ' would interfere with their verdict. The Deputy Recorder' said that Messrs. Gossages had laid the information, but the prosecutor was the King, and the matter was in no way a private one between Messrs. Gpssages and the defendants. The jury retired again, but in half an hour they returned to tell the Deputy Recorder that' they were still -unable to agree upon a verdict, and he thereupon discharged them and ordered a new trial. The bail of all defendants was renewed in their own recognisances. UNIVERSITY NEWS Shortage of Outside Lodgings at Cambridge CAMBRIDGE, January .17. The Thirlwall Prize, offered in alter nate years with the Prince Consort Prize, ' for " a dissertation involving original , historical research has been awarded to W. R. Brock, B.A., of Trinity College, whose dissertation was on "Lord Liverpool and Liberal Toryism." The Vice-Chancellor gives notice that two professorships, Political Science and " Ancient Philosophy, will be vacant on October 1. A meeting o the electors to the respective chairs will be held in March. Owing ,'to a shortage of licensed Uni versity lodging-houses within - the precincts . of the University as determined by a two-and-a-half-mile, radius from Great St. Mary's Churchy the .Council of the Senate will recommend that the radius be ." extended ' to three miles, which will include the built-up portion ot Girton and Shelford Roads. The proctors offer no objections to the pro- tnsscu, which win reuuee me numoer ol applications for permission to live outside the precincts. - Mr. R. P. F. Roberts. M.A., LL.B.. formerly scholar of GonviUe and Caius ionege, nas been elected into a staff leuowsnrp at corpus Christi College. Mr. Roberts is a Lecturer in Law in the faculty ol Agriculture and- Estate Management lie was called to the Bar oy uray s inn m 1937. DEMAND FOR RECALL OF PARLIAMENT A : demand for ' the immediate reassembling of Parliament - was made yesterday - by eleven . Welsh miners' MJEs . who met at Cardiff under the chairmanship "of Sir. Charles Edwards, Chief Labour Whip, and discussed the Spanish situation. A resolution was nasseri askin? tho chairman of the Parliamentary Labour party to -call for the - immediate reassembling of Parliament to deal with the . situation which has. -now .-arisen in Spam " consequent upon the" declared purpose or-the. Italian Government to acnieve tne c-eieat ol the Spanish Republican Government - by- the vuse of Italian military Torces." . . - - . SCHOOL; CERTIFICATES : WORKSOP COLLEGE The following candidates of "Worksop CoUegeKinadvertrotly b list- yesteiday), were :snccesSful-jnthe December, examination for the' school certificate :held-' by..' th ovf nrH -ana .'Cambridge,-. --Schools' "'Examination Board: ' , r.J. K rBfcmOeO'D. O- - Bovri: - IT -W W .. , r . . UlUHluBC . i . . . . iTv 'Ai nr. J :-R- Qitxcn.' WMitiiny, - h. Kingston. OnrtWwC. "O. Fottr. o; D. A. "Wirt- o. WmUm. The pilot and . a maidservant were killed when an R.A.F. Gloster-Gladiator single-seater fell' on a house in Gordon Road. Crowborough, Sussex, yesterday. Fire .broke out after the crash, and machine-gun. ammunition went. off in a series of - explosions. The pilot. Acting Pilot Officer Donald James Catt, . had injuries to the head caused' by the exploding' ammunition. The maidservant killed was Miss Ella Coomber, aged 57. The occupier of the house, Mrs. Halte Smyly, aged 70, was trapped in an armchair among- the wreckage. A table which took the weight of the wreckage saved' her life. The accident happened in ,"dense fog. Mrs. Smyly's house faces Chapel Green. and apparently the pilot was trying to land on the .green when a wing-tip grazed the roof of a neighbouring.house, tearing away strips of coping from a gable, and the 'plane then struck Mrs. Smyley's house at the level of the ground-floor ceiling. Great courage was shown by firemen and neighbours who tried to rescue the pilot and the occupants of the house. The flames were at one time 30ft. high, A NELSON RUBBER FIRM'S FAILURE Deficiency of 26,000 CORPORATION THE CHIEF CREDITOR A meeting of the creditors of the Union Rubber Company, Nelson Works, Nelson, which has failed with a deficiency of 26,541, was held at the offices of the Official Receiver, - Manchester, yesterday. . Mr. F. H. Langmaid, Senior Official Receiver, said there were over 120 proofs lodged, the amounts ranging from 2s. 8d. to 16,690 from the Nelson Cor poration. He told the creditors that statement of the affairs of the com pany, prepared by Mr. Ernest Koppel, purported to show the position of the company on November 9 last, when a receiver had been appointed by the debenture-holder. There were 279 unsecured creditors for a total of 28,825. One, a bank, was partly secured. One debenture loan was shown at 15.195. and the gross liabilities totalled 45,643. of which 28,828 was expected to rank. On the assets side, stock was nut at 12,000, the machinery was estimated at 1,500. and there was a note against this item which showed that the land lords were the -Nelson Corporation. Good book debts were valued at 1.242. and doubtful and bad book debts were expected to bring in 462. Altogether tne total was 17,758, and from - that there had to be deducted, among other items. 15.195 due to the - debenture- holder. There was left for unsecured creditors 2,309, and the deficiency, so far as the creditors were concerned, was Corporation's Loan The company was incorporated as a private company in December, 1935. to carry on the business of manufacturing all kinds of rubber goods. The Nelson works had been taken on a lease of ten years from March, 1937."at a nominal rent of 5 a year, the landlords being the Nelson Corporation, and a sum of 1,250 which they had spent was treated as a loan to the company. The landlords had also made a further advance of 15,000 for the installation of machinery. The nominal capital of the company was 100.000. divided into 1 shares. The managing director was Mr. Koppel, whose salary of 1,200 a year had not been drawn by any means'. The promoter of the company, was Mr. Koppel, who had been in the rubber industry in Germany for many years. In September, 1937, Mr. W. Roth had agreed to invest 50,000, and between October, 1937, and August, 1938, he advanced 47,346. Virtually nothing had been produced for the first two years, and the amount spent in that period was nearly 40,000. There had also been a factory at St. Quentin (France), ' but he Mr. Langmaid did not think anything had been produced there. In June, . 1938, . the company issued a debenture for 15,000, and in November last, following execution by a creditor, a receiver and manager was appointed. The accounts showed that from January, 1938, to November the gross trading loss was 11.200. and the depreciation of the property was put at 36,780. Mr. Langmaid said he had had two ditterent accounts given as to the cause of failure. - Mr. Koppel said consider ate expenditure had been involved in building up a new business which could not have been recouped until after several- years' trading, and he blamed the debenture-holder for applying for tne appointment oi a receiver, un tne other hand, the debenture-holder con sidered there had been inefficient management and also ' that Nelson was not the proper place for that class of business.- His own action, he said, bad been forced upon him by a. creditor levying execution. - When nominations were invited for the post of liquidator Mr. H. Reid, the Nelson Borough Treasurer, nominated Mr. T. P. Whitney, chartered accountant, ox nurniey. mr. juangmaia saia he had had a number of nominations for Mr. A. T. Eaves, of Manchester, and, after some discussion, Mr. tL m. Brocklebank asked if there would be any objection to the appointment of two liquidators. Mr. Langmaid said that that would be a wrv good idea, and upon Mr. Reid's agreeing Messrs. Whitney and Eaves" -were appointed unanimously with, a com mittee oi inspection. SOUTH DERBYSHIRE COAL-WORKERS "At'", a ipint meeting', of the South' Derbyshire CoalownmV Association and South Derbyshire Amalgamated Miners Association at Burton-on-Trenl yesterday.' agreement was reached? to; merge the existing ; subsistence " rates into a new basis'rate 'as lroTO 1 next Thel effect' of this agreement! will.be that as from February ,1 men' oh subsistence will obtain full benefit'; of any : ;mxrease-v J-i-the-'ascertainedi ptVM?beVaded-Leachrm6hth to oasisirates. : , :- ; ;. . Miss Coomher's body was found beneath the engine of the 'plane, ana tne puot was near by. . ti,,i. nw fnnr villagers who scrambled ikM,iri, iu wreckage at a point where it had not caught fire were able to release Mrs. Smyly by prising the ,.11 nut nt tho wav. She was taken to hospital suffering from shock and bruises. . "The side of the house where the 'plane had crashed was by now simply a roaring furnace." . said one of the rescuers. "All the time there were explosions. The fire brigade could not approach the house for a considerable time. By then the 'plane was just a mass of twisted metal, and it was almost, impossible to recognise that a house had stood there but an hour ago." MISHAP TO AIR LINER The Imperial Airways liner Frobisher was involved in a slight mishap on arriving at Croydon from Paris yesterday with twenty-one passengers. As the machine was taxi-ing slowly to the tarmacadam over the sodden ground a gust of wind swung her round, and the undercarriage caught the end of the tarmacadam and broke. No one was hurt. CALL FOR "STRONG LINE" Farmers and Ministers PRESIDENT'S HOPE OF BIG POLICY. ; There was sharp criticism of the Government at the annual meeting of the National Farmers' Union in London yesterday. Mr. Smith (Lancashire) drew attention to a statement from the annual report that . Mr. Morrison, Minister . of Agriculture, had said that the objective of the Government's policy had "consistently been to restore the agricul tural industry to a neaitny ana prosperous condition so that it should nrovide a remunerative livelihood for the efficient producer." " One wonders how long it is going to be before this millennium of Mr. Morrison's . is reached," said Mr. Smith. "I wonder where are the horses, tractors, implements, capital, and men required for the Government's plan for increased production. Month by month they are dwindling." "A price insurance policy for farmers means a food insurance policy for the nation," added Mr. Smith. Mr. Batten (East Sussex) said farmers should take up a much more militant attitude and not go cap in hand to tne present National government. ' Mr. Mobbs (Suffolk) said that unless they , took a very strong line they would find that the Government would be conferring with the union until after the next election. He was sorry to hear that Mr Wright had withdrawn his nomination in. Fast Norfolk. (Cries of "Shame"). He suggested that the union should arrange a mass meeting at tne Albert Hall and should also -call national conference of agricultural interests. . Mr. T. Peacock assured Mr.' Smith that he did not believe the Minister was trying to mislead them in any way. It was absolutely unfair . to suggest that they were going " cap in hand " to the Minister or that the Minister had any idea of receiving them in that spirit. we Deaeve tne Government is coins to do the big thing and come out with a iuu comprehensive policy for agricul ture," he said. Mr. Wright's "Victory" Mr. George Gibbard, the president. said that he was satisfied that in with drawing from the East Norfolk by-elec tion Mr. Wright had probably won as fine a victory as if he had been nominated and bad been victorious at the poll. Mr. .Ward (Leicestershire) urged that home-grown barley should have a guarantee of ten shillings a quarter, and a duty of thirty shillings should be placed on all imported barley for milling. mv. tiray (Norfolk) said the profits of brewers, which had risen from 16,000,000 to 31.500,000, were the obvious source from which .barley- Biuwers couia get remunerative prices. vnear, near.) Asking the Executive to national pool nrice for milk. Mr s. .TnVm (Cornwall) said : " Since Mr. Chamberlain divorced agriculture . in his Kettering speech and then became a dove fluttering about Europe, 400 men have been leaving the land every week. a, lu-aay tnere are more acres uncultivated than has ever been known since the Norman Conquest." The meeting was adjourned ' until to-day. Billiards BIG BREAK BY NEWMAN Highest of the Season T. Newman was unfortunate not to make the first thousand break of the' season in his billiards' match with M. Inman at Thurston's, London, yesterday. He was going wonderfully well when he lost the white at 857 and eventually broke down at 908. He had the satisfac tion, however, of recording the highest Break so far in this season, which has been devoted almost solely to snooker. Newman made his break at his first innings and was at the table for exactly an hour. He is conceding Inman 4,000 start,- but he has played so- consistently that With onlv three swmnnn. anno Vio was within 2.000 of his opponent's score. voi. . lamaa tree. WU) ; Newman (to play) 2.290. - At the .close Inman in"-play) was 5,241 ;' to' Newman's 2,810. Breaks : Inman, 191 ;;Newman, 219,.19.6. Skating WOMEN'S, EUROPE AN - TITLE i 'I Miss C. Clledgel Brith hbider: of the 3fitkis;: one. of thirteeeritrahts ;fpr tte.womehV--ice-skating HJEtridrar&idD?''r Monday and. iTuesa:Jahuary237andr.24:j .:Herr ums tinciuqe;i., EKaters . rrom Sweden. " wjf.itiawit7CTianaT-vaecno-aiovaiaav ana GermanvAan weii si Mi M .TnvM: toe2Manchester;girl;whoasruhner-TO wards ebeat Miss " Colledf e and . won: the .woridrtitler:;.; TitiS mm w In 1889 the GARONNE sailej on the first Orient Line Cruiit In 1939 there will be seventeen Cruise 11 Cruises by ORCADES & ORION - Carrying 1st Class only 6 Cruises by ORFORD Carrying 1st & Tourist Claa Pleat terht or catt or ttUphone or pritf plans and particulars. Managers: Ain. Green & Co., Ltd., 5 Ftnchurch Aves London, E.C.3 or local Agenu, BOARDING-HOUSE FIRE Four Deaths SEVEN ESCAPE BY ROOF From our Correspondent Newcastle, Tcismt. Four people were burned to dea; and' seven injured, three of ttet seriously, when a boarding-house k Leazes Terrace, Newcastle, ire completely destroyed by fire earf; to-day. The" seven people who escaped to so y climbing out of an attic skylip: and walking along a narrow copies: the house next door. Those who die were apparently overcome by smoke : their' rooms. The dead are Mrs. Jane Edgar a widow, the occupier of the house, ai three of her boarders, Mrs. Mary Wflses (74), widow, Mr. G. Bharia (2). Indian student at King's College, Sew-castle, and Mr. Arthur Bradford (. of London, producer of the pantomuu "Jack and the Beanstalk" at tts Palace Theatre here . . . Three other boarders were detainer in Newcastle Infirmary with sens burns. They are William vause a widower. John Short U3). a William Ferguson (40). The f ollowine were treated for bii-t at the"Infirmary but were later sent t the homer ol friends : nocen bj- (75).. a widower, Kenneth Vipond US). a commercial artist, Mrs. Mary Fmo (50), a widow, and Miss C. Mallhem (30), a typist. Heard Screams The house involved is near Newca Infirmary, and a special emergency sti, of doctors ann nurses was called duty, to deal with the casualties. TO alarm was given by neighbours heard the screams of the trapp occupants of the burning building. Kenneth Osborne (24). a fj hawker who lodges next door, climW out of a skylight and on to the roc. of the burning building. Aiet brother Percy, who followed him. b opened a skylight in the roof of Edgar's house and assisted all injured to comparative safety. with the aid of firemen with searar lights, the brothers guided the j along the Tool to their own sy1;. xiennem vjauuiuc 'u --- -lower part of Mrs. Edgar sb 5 enveloped . in flames and uie seemed to be the only way j survivors. My brother and I mawg to open the skylight and asaa injured through it. When J " brigade arrived they t" searchlights on to the roof and all able to walk along to the next no and down through it to saien. ( The ' Newcastle City Coroner i Alfred Appleby) opened the the four victims to-night, but aog the inquiry until February I evidence of identification. The first of the two hundr heed bombers ordered for Force arrived at Indianapolis from fcos Angeles yesterda Lq-9 took off for New York, wnerc It J, dismantled for shipping to THE LOGICAL TREATMENT OF RHE ! Many PJ'Sfoff for acid stomach find to their j t, rheumatism from which . the) w 9 also disappeared. This .ft fact that most rheumatic arm caused 'by excess fSnof neutralized by the antacid a-o of - Magnesia.' -nandcriPg If you are racked with . pa ef by rheumatism, liunbagas,. Or gOUt, 1S due to excess jgjngjg you? system. Correct this W of Magnesia' daily. " " $e alKI for 'regular use. It S iU riif!j sweeten your system. itS Harmful uric acid and, W w telP-the cause of the pain au. your aching muscles and oi" reiistered'tradermark of tiorH'of magnesia, P1Dgr cffijS mended .by P? fa t&$5 equivalent of '.a-teaspoonuM-preparation.. ; 4 .I UMAP

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