The Honolulu Advertiser from Honolulu, Hawaii on October 15, 1922 · 21
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The Honolulu Advertiser from Honolulu, Hawaii · 21

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Honolulu, Hawaii
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Sunday, October 15, 1922
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21
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( i u BYSTANDER FEATURE AUTOMOTIVE NEWS HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1922. Latest Bird v lew Of H nokalwi Takeim From Pcasaclhiibowl -1 ' ' ' ... - : . ' . . , : - .......... ' v ' - 7 .,. . .. . ... ... r- .......... vw , , . ... v .... .. ...... f , ' . ....... - . . , . - - ' . -" - . - -, : .- - . . ; - - . ';:-':xxx'x- :x:;:x;:;. x x y.i y.::ys-& -:' : x -xox-x- .V--"-Vx.:-xxx x : i:V:-XJ":::;:.:::-:;:.:;:; ;:x: V,,xxx v - x '- ': :': . x-vx-: - . ' -- K : - --: . : - -: ' - - x x . - - - -. ( t "x: ' x:x-x-;x::-::x:-:'-' x-x;-: x;: x:'::';c;'x ixxxx:;: :xxv:; j; ". -vx;x:ii::L ;::.::-x: :.-... 'x; '...-xx:' : . x - ":! '- x ' '--x:- " ' ':- : - -xv- ,; :y-, . : ; ,. . -.- .. . ' - . ' . ;::v:':::';w!;"':;x:S:;i: y.: :. .-.:xx-. ' ' ' I. ' -v " ... - - '' ' F i'--fc -.' 4 B;;";v:y;::v; - - - ' ' - ' " . . . ,v . . - y :ywyyy:y :y::$::i:-.: y-Vy-:ysy-yyy-' -;'""xx :-.;x:: ' ::x-::.:x :-: :-x-:-:'.x .:':x-x:,:-: : :-y ,y-: . :- -. : . -- . . . ' ? - - x - , v - o- vn,-, , - , X , . . . .t J r- rrr'i3&. --'S5S4I:' X' : wSST c-, I V fetl5xx -' xv'tix,;. -tl, , a-v 4 -X ' (: ; ' !'' XC-"': 7.'- - ' ' ":- V"-V .V t . '-Tivx-'-t :cz ' - ; -r --;- - j -v"'- ;evta . ..-"-.-.w- V.rx x--v-i Photo by Junes A. Wliams, of WUUims Studio. jUo So So Bear Retmirims S Stoinie Famoiss Re WBUMe Cuatiher 5 Mthwardl After Tlnaft Marked. BIoss Search For 9 T AurMise eh s WASHINGTON, D. C, Oct. 7. Once more the Bear, Uncle Sam 's adventure ship of the frozen north, is returning southward from a romantic quest above the Arctic Circle. She is somewhere in the vicinity of Nome, after dodging the ice fields about Toint Barrow, the northernmost projection of Alaska, representing the Government of the United States in that far off region, helping persons in distress and eearching for a lost stone with, a iistorv. By -wireless to Nome from the j rommandant of the Bear came this eek the news that Capt. Roall Amundsen's ship, the Maud, is in the lee near I'omt Hope, north of hot- ieDiie sound, and that the arctic xplorer himself, with Lieut. Oscar ! Omdal, aviator and motion picture pnotograjiher, is preparing to spend the winter at Witinwright, near Point Harrow, apparently having pven ii) his proposed transpolar flight for tins season at least. In June of this year the Bear escorted Amundsen's ship for the first few miles 'if her trip to the north gain. Here is an extract from the g f the Bear, received :t oist Guard headquarters in Washington only this w eck : 'XTuiip 2. 1022. t p. in. to S n. m. Vatch Moderate southwest hr7-?. vercast, foggy, choppy! 4:3T, ha-ing reieivp,l on bo.-ird the citizens of ?omp. pot under way escorting Nor-egi:n gas schooner Maud out of the run dstcn.l cm l.t r ;t.-tive voyage. iurnt'1 sffl(i lor u-nnl anchor- ngc off Noirr. l.ig'nu-r took citize-is ofl and at i:l5 j,r under way and tood south." The Bear of the Tinted States Vvoast Guar. I went to the assUtanco ,r ('apt. Atminden last year and do so .i-.tin if need be. r or f "'H has l.e,-i I the Ar X?'f v. ;! i s thi ventures. First she was a Dundee whaler, built at Greenock, Scotland, but for the. last thirty-seven years of her existence she has sailed under the flag of the United States Revenue Cutter Service, now the Coast Guard. She was purchased in 1S83 by the Navy Department for use on the Greely relief expedition. Having successfully fulfilled that object she was transferred to the Revenue Cutter Service in 1SS5. Built solidly of seasoned oak, saturated with whale and seal oil, she has withstood the rigors of the arctic climate year after year. She is the darling of the Coast Guard. Her commanding officer. Commander C. S. Cochran, wrote one can imagine with what pride at th.5 end of his report of last year's cruise: Stone Planted in 1826 Marked Limit of Voyage "The vessel performed we', during the cruise, the machinery particularly so, and nothing was found to indicate that the vessel is un seaworthy or incapable of performing her usual duties .t connection with the artic. cruise."' To auv old sea dog of the northern oceans that speaks wonders. The officers and crew of the Bear have never hesitated to try any-thins in the line of duty, ami they alwaxs carry on to the end. They did so n the most famous of all their exploit, the Overland Alaskan expedition in the long remembered winter of WC 9. Several hundred starving men from wrecked whaling vessels thought they were seeing ghosts when three officers of the Bear walked into their camp with succor after a fifteen hundred mile trip across the ice fields and snow-covered mountains. The quest which this year has th. f a nious : ice of rieen occupying i officers and crew so perilous, lu:t )!te! son 1 1 t is e I .pa r ; s not -e;U1 .in,i meeting ad j and skillful searching i nircd earefu Ncarlv 10' dor years ago -in the autumn of 1826, to be exact the British, ship Blossom was engaged in making charts of the coast line and ocean bottom in this part of the Arctic ocean, and she placed a stone somewhere nexir Point Barrow to mark the northernmost point in Alaska which she reached. The stone has been lost. The British Government asked our State Department to find the stone, set. it up in a conspicuous place and suitably inscribe it. The State Department turned the job over to the coast guard. Officers of the Bear took a friendly and personal interest in the efforts because the British charts made in those faraway days are still the best charts of those regions and are being used by American vessels every year. The Bear can spend onlv a few i weeks each summer in the vicinity I of Point Barrow. To get there she ! must wait for the ice fields to break I up in .Tune and duly and she must i hurry away to keep from being froz-i en in for nine or ten months. She ! spends her winters on the California coast, basing usually at San Di-I ego, and her summers eruisin'' in j Alaskan waters attending to the j business of the government. She is ; v. floating court and post office. She : enforces revenue, criminal and civil j laws, acts as a commpn carrier for 'government officers and shipwrecked mariners, miners and oil prospectors; ! guardian and adviser of the native i Eskimo population; protector of ! seals; supply boat to government .school station and reindeer camps. In fact, she performs through her officer every function of government that is necessary on the mainland and the islands of northern Alaka; aets as a refuge' for every one in need and policeman toward every wrongdoer. Through the kindness of Com mo- William E. Revnolds. command- mander Andrew J. Henderson, chief of the division of inspection, both of whom know from experience the work of the Bear iu..the Arctic ocean. I nave been allowed to read the official transcripts of the log of the Bear and the reports. Rescued Amundsen's Ship .From Peril in the Ice The Bear last June rescued Capt. Roald Amundsen's ship the Maud after she had been frozen in the ice and broken her propeller during a cruise of the noted arctic explorer in the waters north of Bering Strait. On June 17, 1921, the Bear spoke the American gas Fchooner Herman with Capt. Amundsen on board, who reported the Maud (to quote from the account of Commander Cochran of the Bear) "fast in the ice at Cape Serdze, Siberia, and that assistance was required in view of the fact that her propeller had been broken by the i.e." Several weeks later in Commander Cochran's report we read: "Sailed foni this point (reindeer camp known as Sevunga. near North Cape, St. Lawrence Island) the same day (July 8) for Whalen (Unge lent, East Cape, Siberia, with view to rendering assistance to Capt. Roald Amundsen's schooner Maud.'' And here is the entry in the loz which tells the end of the journey: "8:00 p. m. to Mid: Moderate to strong fresh S. E. gale. Overcast and raining to clearing last part. Rough to moderate sea. :"' (00.2 course "4; S:ilO (62.7) course -"0 decrees: !:00 )7.0) coure -'S42 degrees; 9:25 ffS.S) course -'500 degrees; 9:40 (71.') course 270 decrees: all 1. S. C. working around East Cape. 0:50 in log (7:5.1) came off. Whalen. Siberia, in 12 fathoms water to 60 fathoms starboard ehain. East (ape bearing 121 degrees and most westerly buildins of i!lace bearing 101. both true. American schooner Herman and Norwegian schooner ; Maud at anchor off tbe village." -With Propeller Broken, Maud Had to Be Towed The story is continued by Commander Cochran as follows: "It was not practicable until Monday, July 11, for Capt. J. T. Watkins of the" United States Coast snd Geodetic Survey to land for the purpose of making his observations. In the meantime consulted with the master of the Maud (about the conditions, etc.), and made arrangements for taking her in tow. There were received on board at this time C. K. Larson and Sam Malsegon, shipwrecked mariners from the American schooner Gertrude, wrecked at Emma town on the south side of East -Cape, with a view to giving them transportation to Nome," etc. "At 1:11 p. ni. of July 12 got under way. with the Maud in tow and proceeded 10 the eastward and through Bering Straits to the southward until' morning of lith, when the Maud was east off and given her position by international code signal. Orders directing the Maud to proceed under sail to Dutch Harbor, where it was expected a relief vessel would be sent to her assistance from Seattle, had previously been signalled to the Maud after having been received by radio from the agents of Captain Amundsen at Seattle." The reason the Maud had to be towed through Bering Straits wa that there is a strong northward current at that season of the year throuch the straits, and with her propeller out of use. she could make no headway to the south with only her sails. Once through the straits she could ail to Dutch Harbor without furt''ir assistance. After the rescue of Amundsen's ship, the Bear sailed Lack northward again and, passing through Bering Strait, went on her usual cruise eastward to Point Barrow. But on .that occasion she continued farther to the eastward than any government ship had ben for many years, reaching the boundary line between Alaska and the Dominion of Canada. Her log every here and there contains references to heavy ice. No story of the Bear should overlook the remarkable exploit of liree of her officers in the winter of ls.V-is already mentioned at the beginning of this article, ( apt. Krancv Tuttle, the commanding officer of the Bear on that occasion and the man who issued the orders for the expedition and finally picked up the intrepid men who successfully carried it through and the marooned mariners whose lives they had saved, is living in retirement near Seattle. The men who made the almost impossible overbuild journey, which is still talked about by old-timers in Alaska, are all dead First Lieutenant D. J. Jar-vis, commander -of the Overland relief fxpedition; Second Lieut, E. P. Bertholf, afterward commandant of the Coast Guard in Washington and later known well in New York as one of the vice-presidents of the American Bureau of Shipping; and Surgeon 8. J. Call. Vessels of Whaling Fleet In Peril Off Point Barrow It was early in November. 19", that word reached the chamber of commerce of San Francisco that seven or eight vessels of the whaling fleet were cafight in the ice in the vicinity of Point Barrow and their rrews were in great danger of starvation. "The danger w.n imminent and serious," to quote from the official account, "and the necessity for relief so urgent that the President (McKinley) immediately ordered an expedition to be fitted out. Little hope was held out by 'thoc experienced in work in the Arctic region that anything could be accomplished by an expedition in the winter season, but by order of th President and under the direction f Hon. Lyman J. Gnge. secretary of the treasury, the United States revenue cutter Bear was prepared for the expedition by the chief of the revenue cutter service. "The plan of the expedition wa drawn, and the whole. pUiced uuder Caot. Francis Tuttie. It. C S.. whose experience and pbility- especially fit words, is a remarkable story of endurance, bravery and perseverance. The ice lmd long since closed in on the Arctic ocean. The Bear could not get even near the mouth of the Yukou river. She bad to land the three daring officers with a una 11 quantity of supplies at an Indian village near Cape ancouver on Net' extra precautions for the protect-on of our faces, we started mko after daylight. Fifteen, degrees below was almost more than one could stand in such a blizzard, but time was too precious, to lose any more of it, and as we had come into the country to travel, I felt we must get along fonichow. It was all the son Island, aud then hurry away to 'deer could do to keep coing ahead, keep fronr being crushed by the See. f and it -required all our efforts to r rnn iirni point ine.e Mau ri' Keep mem Irom turning tall IO tft traveled by dog and rein leer Hed j wind and goin. out to sea. . As we for one thousand five hundred miles, had to be very careful, our prog-over snow covered mountains, down j res was idaw; to lose any one in the frozen Yukon river to the co:ot, Mich a storm might mean, serious along the shore of the frozen tceanx remit. We had to make the next across more mountains, over blizzard I village ahead, some S3 miles awav. swept arms 'of the sea and all the j for it " was out of the question to time living on the country, oi iain j pitch the tent in that wind. Tramping fur skin clothing from an era-jjng along bei !e tbe sleds and beat-sional native vllage, and driving jing oursdvc to keep warm, there most of the way a herd of mre w.-n- limes hen we anxiously look-than four hundred reindeer which t. fr the protecting -e of the Jthey used for their un food, s.tsd j mountain near Cape Nome. ! with which they kept alive the desti.S .jn th). middle of the dar we itute wn.-uers -titer tsey arrtxet hi . , j Point Barrow until the Be .r rrrr. cd I co,'1i ,hc M a T4 l al1 tl.rre in the middle of the follow-1 the tri ing t-now. but everything on liiig summer. level was a winding blinding heet. T.ient. Berthoif received rrdcrs toJA we worked on, seeing nothing, j stop some distrin.- thi V ie of Point 1 buffeted about by the fierce gust, 1 Barrow n.-vj he 'stab!i;h?d & h-lf-it wemed a if we would certainly 1 way relief siat'oi at Point Hope. ) pay dearly for oar temerity, and j Lieut. Jarvis and Surg.-n Call wett even Mikkel. the stolid Iapp. swore I the entire 1500 miles, and, witH the j that otli;ig would ever induce him f assistance of one other nliiie man, j to Mar! out in such a blizzard again. ; W. T. 1 opp, superintendent of the j In the afternoon the w in I suddenly government reindeer, station an 1 ! lulled, and we found ourselves under j several natives, drov e th deer herd. ; the lee of Cape Nome. We now i I will quote from different place breathed ca-icr, and severs! hoars j in Lieut. .InrvU' own written ac-j later made our camp at the village count of the ttip, based on his diary, i of KebctMuk. ott the nest silt of i It i necessary to add that the! the cape. i s.-hooners hni crew were saved j "Jarnarv 2X Early in h morw-i by the coast guard men were ." the 'j with the thermometer SI deffree : Roarin. Newport. Fearles. Jennie j ..,j , Idiezard - still blowing, I i Navarch. and Belvedere, which were j f'nnv started for Cape Priaee , found frozen in or wrecked in the!f Wale. There were tw native iice near Point Barrow. The Vin ted him for h a command. The officers and crew were all volunteers and although the Bear had j.ist returned from a six months' cruise in Arctic waters, she wis prepared, fitted out, and sailed from Seattle, Wash., N ember -7. 1V'7, just three weeks from te date of her arrival from the north. "Ten month later she returned again to Seattle, bring'ng four crews of wiecked whalers, nud having fully carried out all orders and accomplished all the purposes ,,f the expedition without Jos or ac incut of ny kind. Hidden behind those few eioqncnt iderer wa far to the eastward, bi.t word na-1 tieen received that mic was n't in need of food. with iv". one Artisar'ook rnd an vher a:'ed EL wlio had rpnt sc-ral yen on a whaler at Her--chd Island. O.i amount of hi Lieutenants Jarvis and Berho-f .juaJntan-e Wl?h whit men. Ed tre- ati'l burgeon ail went asnore iro-the Bear at Caiie Vancouver on I ii ,d to take charge of me, but ! a short distance out he Icvered . centber 15, IMC. and immediat y j that hi jran had somehow lropped ; began their terribe overland jo;; r- ', fronl the d.:L an 1 g.ing back over j ney. I Irt'giu to quote from the diary j jjj,, jraj to lin l it, did no! return. of Lieutenant Jarvi in January,! .vrtjsarlok and I kept , i, however, ; which tells of delay cned by ter-n)j nia ie slow projreH along the ' rifle gales. He continue: j beach until abont 4 n' -lock. when ! Fifteen Below Zero and a Blizzard ' h" wanted to camp. I was not yet Blowing tired and thought he was trying to I .1 -,T!-ia r v 17 There w as ?io han-'e in the weather. bu bundiin. ' up as we'd a possible, and takinj (Continued on page 2) ir

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