The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on October 31, 1933 · 8
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 8

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 31, 1933
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8 THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1933 Selfridge '& Co., Ltd. Editorial lioovu). London. NOTE. ThUt space is occupied erery day faw as 'article reflect inc the policies, principle!, and opinion of this Hoasa ol Business t.rn various poinU ol pub ic interest. . . . .SELFRIDGE fc CO.. LTD. THE POKER FACE By CALLISTHENES The poker face is rated highly among those who make their living by business negotiation. You. can recognise it 'without being a poker player. It is useful in bridge. A man 'will never make a successful poker player unless he can look the same with a royal flush as with a pair of eights, and at bridge he will often encourage his opponents up to a slam if he shows by his face that he holds a Tarborough. A man whose face can be read like a book is badly handicapped for a career at the Bar or in politics, and half of the doctor's bedside manner is command of his expression. In big financial deals a man can lose a fortune in a morning for lack of the poker face. He may show by a single glance that he will sell at 100,000 when the buyer is secretly willing to pay 150.000. He may 'show by a tension of the cheek niuscles that he is in straits and must sell at all costs. But none of these considerations makes the poker face desirable in ordinary intercourse or in ordinary business. It may be a useful worldly accomplishment and a handy trick in self-control, but ultimately it is a form of deceit, and all deceit isf anti-social. Sincerity is the only basis of friendship ; honesty of manner must be the basis of confidence in business. Most of us have come across the poker face when we have gone shopping. "VVe have asked if the guinea article was twice as good as the half-guinea and seen by the expres-sionlessness of the assistant's face that he did not intend to let us find out the truth that there was only a half-crown's worth of difference between the two, and the other eight shillings was to bo extracted from the unsuspicious purchaser. We have asked when the goods would be delivered, and when he said they would go out by the first delivery we have seen by the absence of expression on his face that the first delivery was inconveniently far off. For the poker face as an adjunct to high prices and shoddy service we have no use in this Store. Honesty in advertising does not need to be accompanied by dishonesty of expression. If an assistant is genuinely desirous of being helpful he does not need to wear a- mask which will make it impossible for you to discover his intentions. Frankness of speech and sincerity of facial expression are the accompaniments of good intentions in business, and we see no need to train them out of the members of this Store. That they are to be found in this Store is perhaps the chief reason for the impression of friendliness which our customors pet as soon as they enter it. Where there is friendliness there is no poker face. In this Store we need not be afraid that our expression will show our real intention, for our intention is to see that every customer gets good value in her own interpretation of it, that every purchase she makes will be a source of 7iermanent satisfaction. Selfridge & Co., Ltd HEATING STOVES For Electricity, Gas, Oil, Coal and Anthracite. New Season's Designs. BAXENDALE & CO, LTD, Miller Street. THE GUAMDIAN MANCHESTER. TUESDAY, October 31, 1933 TO-DAY'S PAPER SPECIAL ARTICLES The Test (by Frank Tilsley) 1$ Conditions in the Free State s A Mummers' Play in Cheshire ... I , Militarisation in Germany 13 Manchester Theatres 11 Altrincham Garrick Playhouse ... 11 The Bronte Vogue 6 , Book Reviews 5 Wireless Programmes 1 CORRESPONDENCE The White Taper (Sir Hugh M'Pherson) 1 Imnosing Peace from the Air (Rear Admiral R. N. Lawson) 18 Slum Clearance roliev (Mrs. Gates) .'. 18 HOME Our Special Correspondent discusses the prospects in the Kilmarnock by-elections. . (4) Four candidates, includes a Communist, were yesterday nominated in the Skipton by-election. (4) Sir Hilton Young, the Minister of Health, defended his slum-clearance policy in a broadcast debate last night. His critics included Sir Ernest Simon. (4) Lord Wolmer, M.P., speaking at Middleton last night, attacked the India .White Paper policy. (13) Two thousand candidates will go to the poll in the municipal elections to-morrow. Four new boroughs Fleetwood, Stret-iord, Goole, and Willesden will be electing their .first councils. (.9) An official statement about armaments making in Sheffield says that not more than 20 per cent of the turnover of large steel firms is represented by armaments. (9) The Director of the Leeds Art Gallery yesterday explained the reasons for his resignation. (18) Professor T. E. Gregory gave the first of bis lectures on "The American Experiment" in Manchester last night. (11) Proposed cuts in road fares were opposed bv the railway companies before the Traffic Commissioners in Manchester yesterday. (oj In the Liverpool market yesterday the price of American cotton was reduced 8 points, making middling 5.53d. Futures were 6 to 4 points lower. New York prices were 5 points lower for spot, with middling at 9.70c, and 6 points lower to 3 points higher for futures. (14 & 17) FOREIGN Yesterday waa a quiet day in Palestine. JLargo new. powers including; the right tt deport offenders, have been vested in the Government. (9) Mr. Norman Davis is unexpectedly leaving the Disarmament Conference for Washington to consult his Government. (9) The Kings of Bulgaria and Rumania met yesterday on the Danube. (12) A Montreal firm of jute and twine importers yesterday successfully appealed before the Tariff Board against the arbitrary duty valuations recently imposed on British goods. (9) A witness was arrested in court on a charge of perjury at the Reichstag fire trial yesterday. (12) It was announced officially last night that the earlier German official statement that Mr. Panter, the arrested British journalist, had been moved from Munich to Leipzig was not true.' (9) It is feared m the United States that European nations may retaliate for the new American policy of depreciating the dollar by buying gold abroad.. (9) Agreement on the duties on textiles has been reached in India by the Japanese and Indian delegations. (9) German journalists are to return to Russia and Russian journalists to Germany. The Russians are also to be admitted to the Reichstag trial. (9) A Debate on the Slums The discussion broadcast last night between the Minister of Health and some representative critics of his housing policy did not materially advance one's knowledge either of what Sir Hilton Young is trying to do or of his success in doing it. It did serve, however, to bring into sharp relief the salient points of difference between the Minister and his critics. The housing problem falls into two distinct halves slum clearance and replacement and the building of additional houses. Nobody is likely to accuse Sir Hilton Young of lacking either energy or sincerity in his approach to the first half of the problem. One may think, 83 Sir Ernest Simon doe3, that the demolition of all but the most insanitary property should not be carried out until the total number of houses available had been equated to the number of families requiring them ; or one may believe that the two processes of clearance and of new building can and should be carried on simultaneously. The necessity for clearances, now or later, is denied by no one. But where the great gulf comes is here: Sir Hilton Young believes, first, that those tenants who require new houses (as distinct from those living in slum houses, which -will have to be replaced) will all or almost all be able to pay the full economic rent without subsidy of a house built at the prevailing cost. He believes, in the second place, that such houses will be provided by private builders under the terms of the Housing Act of 1933, and that although the final responsibility for the housing ot the working classes still rests with the local authorities they Bhould be allowed to exercise it only if private enterprise in their area has tried and failed. Sir Ernest Simon, on the other hand, and those who side with him believe that among the tenants who require these additional houses there is a substantial proportion who will not be able to pay the full economic rent and must either be left overcrowded or assisted by a subsidy. They believe also that there is no sign that private enterprise is going to provide anything like the number of cheap houses anticipated by the Minister. There are two perfectly clear issues. Let us take the second one first. Is there, in fact, any sign of an encouraging response to the Housing Act of 1933? The agreement from which so much was hoped between the Minister and the building societies has not shown any substantial results. The Act has been in force since June; for six months before that date it was a foregone conclusion that its provisions would become law. What plans have been brought forward? Sir Hilton Young said last night that he had received from local authorities proposals for giving guarantees (presumably under this Act) for houses "up to a maximum of 12,000. Specific schemes so far announced are far below that figure. In the same time reports received from local authorities promise the clearance of no fewer than 200,000 houses in the next five years. It certainly looks as if the two sections of his housing policy were badly out of step. There is no one particularly to blame. The building societies cannot them selves either build or own the new houses; their function is limited to financing their erection. The builders cannot, in most cases, undertake the ownership and management of the houses they build ; they build for sale. The private investor has not come forward as readily as had been expected ; the attractions of new houses as an investment seem to have been overrated. In fact, the whole programme of new building seems to be lagging far behind. It might make faster progress if local authorities were permitted by the Ministry to build houses, without subsidy, whether the private builders were going ahead or not. Sir Hilton made, indeed, last night the extraordinary statement that "local authorities are as free ai ever to build houses without subsidy," and he added that this policy was set out in his circular on May 22. That circular said no more than that if and when private enterprise had failed to provide houses the local authorities would-then be responsible for provid ing them. Four days earlier, on May 18, a proposal to build a thousand houses without subsidy by the-Birming ham Housing Committee was rejected by the Ministry. In what sense is Birmingham, or any other city, free to-day to build without subsidy t But even if the Ministry were to lift its ban on the building of houses without subsidy by the local authorities 'which could not be denounced as unfair competition, as subsidised building was would that be enough t We must agree with Sir Ernest Simon that, so far as concerns many -towns at any rate, it would not. The Government's policy seems to be based on the assumption that no one who by reason of overcrowding needs a new house and is not at present the tenant of a condemned house is unable to pay the full economic rent. Sir Ernest, on the other hand, estimates that there are a million families or so who cannot-' pay an economic rent, andf although a number of these will be the tenants of houses to be demolished under the Greenwood Act certainly all of them are not. Some in Manchester,- for instance, a substantial number are living in houses which are badly overcrowded but which certainly do not require to be demolished. What is to be done with them? Sir Hilton Young last night dismissed this reckoning as " a theory long maintained." But he said nothing to indicate either that the reckoning is wrong or that there is not a problem there, quite apart from the problem of replacing demolished houses. He said that plans for the building of a large number of subsidised houses in the future are "visionary." Is it not just as "visionary" to expect many of the people now living a squalid and miserable, but cheap, life in "furnished" rooms and houses letting lodgings to pay twelve shillings a week for the houses to be built by private builders if and when they build them ? Can we be content with a " practical policy which leaves them where they are i The Outbreak in Palestine The mass of the Arabs in Palestine have no cause to thank their leaders, to whom the disorders, which seem happily to be declining, are due. The Arab Executive insisted on holding at Jaffa a demonstration, which the Government had prohibited, in order to protest against Jewish immigration. From Jaffa the rioting spread to Jerusalem and other places; the demonstrators came into conflict with the police and a considerable number, unfortunately, were killed. It is ironical that the Arabs should-be incited to tumultuous protest against the Government on the score of Jewish immigration just at the moment when the Jews are complaining bitterly that immigration is not being permitted to anything like the extent that is justified by the condition of the country. Whereas the Jewish Agency recently asked for 24,000 certificates of admission, the Palestine Government has granted only 6,500. Of these 2,000 had already been allotted in advance to refugees, 1,000 are reserved, and 500 may be used to give to tourists the right to stay permanently in the country; hence the certificates at the moment number only 3,000. At the same time Palestine is more flourishing than most other countries, there is in some directions a positive shortage of labour, and the expenditure of Jewish funds has produced industrial activity which in various ways has admittedly benefited the rank and file of the Arabs. The Arab leaders seem to have been excited by rumours of a tidal wave of immigration which not only does not exist but of which, considering the extremely cautious mood of "the Government, there is not the remotest prospect. The excitement may have been increased by fears of Jewish expansion into Transjordania, but that grievance is felt rather by the political leaders of the Arabs in Palestine than by those in Transjordania itself. It is a pity that the Palestine leaders do not realise how much the population, Arabs and Jews alike, are going to benefit from the fertility of Jewish capital within the country and also from the trade which it is going to lead from all the countries of the Middle East through the ports of Palestine. Lancashire and India The Lancashire textile delegation to India is now on its way home. It has achieved, perhaps, as much as anyone expected, and that is not a great deal. The' resolution agreed on with the Japanese delegation means precisely nothing. The agreement with the Bombay millowners has more sub stance but, for its immediate benefits at any rate, it is hardly cause for enthusiasm. What the diplomatic negotiations for an Indo-Japanese Treaty may finally bring forth in the way of duties and quotas one does not know : perhaps the mo3t useful part of the delegation's work has been behind the scenes. So far, what is known of the negotiations has done little to remove one's doubte whether in the long run Lancashire has much to hope from juggling with tariffs and quotes. The agreement with the Bombay millowners is none the less important. It is true that it is not supported by the Ahmedabad millowners, who are a formidable minority. But if it can be assumed that the recommendations will be looked on favourably by the Government of India, the agreement may mean the early extinction of the revenue surcharge of 1931 and the putting aside of the unpublished proposals or the Tariff Board, which were based on a nationalist Protectionism. It is no small matter that the Bombay millowners give their adherence to the principle of discrimination in favour of this country, have taken a step away from unlimited Protection, and have moved towards a Protection limited by considerations of relative costs of production. On the British. side there is a promise to aid Indian exports and to give them equality with Lancashire's under the new system of regulated trade on which this country has embarked, and a ' renewal of the Ottawa promise to further the use of TnrKat raw cotton. The assurances of: future co-operation between India and Lancashire are to the good, but they must be fortified on this side by prompt and unqualified expressions of goodwill towards Indian political aspirations. Marriage a la Mode ; The news that two thousand couples were married at dawn in Rome yesterday, of whom several hundred were married simultaneously in St. Mary of the Angels, is a reminder on the surface at least of the lighter side of dictatorships. Each couple receives a 500-lire bank-note (about 8) as a marriage bonus, sugared almonds, and a " surprise " present from Mussolini himself. The avowed pur pose of the marriages is " to encourage an increase in the birth-rate of Fascist "Italy," which fell slightly in 1932, although how far this was due to a high death-rate is not clear. ' The medical profession and the statistician of population will await the results as eagerly as Mussolini himaelf. Simul taneously in Germany, Hitler is showing a benevolent interest in stimulating marriages among "Aryans." Nominally the object of his policy is to relieve unemployment by taking women out of the labour market. Somewhat inconsistently, however, Nazi Germany demands that these marriages shall be fruitful, A man with five children under a new income- tax law is entitled to a rebate of 90 per cent of the tax, while if he has six children the State will apparently have to pay him 20 per cent of what he would normally pay in income tax. Illegitimate children are to rank equally with legitimate so long as they are "racially sound." The German point of view is less straightforward than the Italian. If one woman is to be taken off the labour market and then puts six or more man-children back upon it, it is hard to see where on this remarkable (if fallacious) economic theory relief comee to unemployment. But the thoughts of dictators are inscrutable. China and Japan The armistice -which put an end to fighting in Northern China on May 31 provided for the establishment of a demilitarised zone west of the Great Wall which was to be policed by the Chinese. The usual difficulties arose over interpretation. The Japanese troops withdrew, but left behind them 7,000 irregulars under a certain Li Chi-chun. The Chinese were forbidden to use troops against these interlopers ; the Japanese disclaimed authority over them, although it was notorious that they were organised and paid from Manchukuo. Their status has at last been recognised by the Chinese, lest worse things should befall them. How has this come about? The demilitarised zone was entered from Chahar by " Old Rat " with a horde of bandits and General Fang Chen-wu with the remains of a " People's National Salvation Anti- Japanese Army." Whatever their pro fessions, they were useful to the 'Japanese, who had allowed them entry from the north and then demanded their suppression, while refusing to allow the use of troops against them. Peking was threatened, and the Chinese commanders at last came to an understanding with General Li Chi-chun. Ac ting together, they have swept away the bandits without any difficulty. The Japanese military have become most tractable. They have obtained their objects-collaboration of the Chinese with a band of mercenaries bought by Manchukuo. The Chinese have been brought to recognise the joint control of the demilitarised zone. This model of the Japanese method clears the way for those " direct negotiations " which Japan has always desired with China. Japan has only to combine the threat of further pressure with some concession to the wounded self-esteem of Chinese leaders and she will probably obtain a temporary treaty which will leave her free to look to other fronts. The Stars in Their Courses Attack is often recommended as the best form of defence, and that point seems to have occurred to Mr. George Arliss when consulted at Hollywood on the proposals of Mr. Roosevelt's National Recovery Administration for '"' regulating " the salaries of film stars. The "regulating," it has been generally understood, was to be done in a downward direction - and fines were to be imposed on studios which engaged stur performers at an "unreasonably" high salary. Mr. Arliss appears to think that there is no such thing ; you might as -well talk about an unreasonably distant star in space as an unreasonably overpaid star in Hollywood. "You can never fix the salaries of stars," he is reported to have announced ; " I think the highest salaries are too low." And so, no doubt, think all those who are in receipt of them. And certainly the lot of the approved and fashionable performer in any branch of artistic endeavour is a fortunate one; his art is his own and he may very well argue that he is fully entitled to. every penny that the public cares to pay for it. It is true that the public does not always love the highest when it sees it, but that is a point which does not usually trouble the performer who is assured of v its financial support. There is, however, a suspicion that in the case of careers at Hollywood the films are as much of a trade as an art and that some performers are pushfully exploited beyond the intrinsic value of their appeal to the public Presumably that is why the Roosevelt suggestion ! about "unreasonable", salaries was made. But the star who is reasonably sure of bis public Is, and mil presumably remain, safeguarded against " unreasonable " reductions is hie salary. OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENCE LONDON, Monday Night. BY PRIVATE WIRE. Government and Land Settlement The Government, I learn, have under consideration new land settlement schemes. The Opposition, and particularly Mr. Lloyd George, have long been urging them to do something bold along those lines as part of a general expansionist policy, and Mr. MacDonald and the Minister of Agriculture have both professed sympathy with the proposal and at the same time contrived to' do little or 'nothing about it. According to my information the Government have made up their minds that they can now act. One does not know the full scope of the plans now before them, but they would involve, I gather, Government backing to the tune of 14,000,000, and the Government are said to be disposed to find the money. Certainly Mr. MacDonald is. It is not a vast sum when compared with some estimates of what is required, but it would be a beginning, and one had begun to despair of even that. The allocation would apparently be in the proportion of 10,000,000 for England and 4,000,000 for Scotland. I believe that the Treasury are satisfied, so far as Scotland is concerned, that the outlay would return 3j per cent, and so satisfy the condition this Government has made that any schemes for relieving unemployment shall be economically sound. It is expected that the Society of Friends would also get a bigger subsidy for the excellent work they have been doing in settling unemployed on the land. They receive at present only a subsidy of a few thousand pounds, but they are contemplating a big extension of their work. At present it is largely confined to settling men on allotments, but they want to find something move like small holdings for them which would make them self-supporting. German Science in Exile The exodus of scientists of Jewish blood or of liberal opinions is beginning to have noticeable effects on German scientific literature. For decades German scientific books and journals have, on the whole, been regarded as the most useful in the world. The German taste for thoroughness and organisation found a congenial medium for expression in studious summaries of research. The various encyclopcedie handbooks on different branches of science are unequalled by similar productions in other countries. Scientists who have been oppressed in Germany will in the future not be inclined to publish in German journals. To meet this situation a number of Dutch scientists are starting a new journal of physical science. It will contain no contributions in the Dutch language and will be directed by, Professor Fokker, of Haarlem. The first number is expected to appear next month. The departure of scientists from Germany may provide a certain literary parallel with that of the Gre-jk scholars from Constantinople in the fifteenth century, but it is an interesting variant in history that this time many of the scholars are finding refuge on the staff of the recently reformed Turkish University. Contemporary Prints A treat for print collectors and all interested in that refreshing and so suitable form of art for modern domestic life is offered by the show of the recent acquisitions for the Contemporary Art Societv which Mr. Campbell Dodgson is showing in his house at 22, Montagu Square, near Marble Arch. Mr. Dodgson, formerly the Keeper of Prints of the British Museum, who has been the discerning encourager of all native engravers of talent since the beginning of this century in addition to his scholarly international work, is responsible for the selection of these works, which show the wide range of his sympathies. There are about a hundred examples acquired in the last two years etchings, woodcuts, aquatints, lithographs, wood engravings, and drawings, a small proportion of them foreign. As one would expect, the technical quality is high whatever the emotional content of the picture. Thus we have in Mr. Russell Flint's " Spanish Wheelwright" etching, Mr. Joseph Simpson's "Mr. G. B. Shaw," and some other examples thebest prints we have seen from these artists. Interesting new artists are introduced in Mr. William Wilson, Mr. Charles Potter, Miss Barbara Greg, Mr. Percy J. Smith, and Miss Nora S. Unwin. A great amount of talent is clearly going into black and white. The exhihit open every afternoon this week and next Sunday. These works, after being national collections. Galleries outside ot Jjontion that would like to have this collection for exhibition should write to Mr. Campbell Dodgson. For the New Book Public "Art," Mr. Whistler once said, " is on the town." Literature, or at any .rate books, is now on the town, to a degree unknown in our history. The lending library without deposit is nearly everywhere and still spreading. It has apparently not affected, the big libraries attached to book shops or drug stores, although it has nrobablv extinguished the little shop libraries in the suburbs. Ihe new popular lending libraries draw their recruits largely from the humble readers whose mothers used to buy Bow Bell novelettes and whose fathers found their A GREAT-GRANDSON OF GEORGE III. (From our London Correspondent.) Fleet Street, Monday. The death of Sir Augustus Fitz-George, great-grandson of George the Third, closes a chapter in English social history, for there is not likely again to be a morganatic marriage xn England. His father, the last Duke of Cambridge, married without the consent of the Sovereign, and so it was a morganatic marriage under-the Boyai Settlement Act of 1773. Queen Victoria never alluded to Mrs. FitzGeorge- or recognised her until the day after her death, when she wrote to the Duke a letter with some sympathetic expressions. The Duke lived in Gloucester House, an ancient, gloomy mansion off Piccadilly that gave place to flats early in the century, but his wife lived xn a-1 solace in the sensational Sunday papers only. Add to those many ' public-library readers of light fiction who can't get the books they want and the uien and women who think they would like a book for the week-end because they notice these libraries as they pass, and you get the basis of a fairlv new bookreading public. That public, with the people who cater for it, is now so big that they have a journal of their own, the "Lending Library and Book Borrowers' Record," of which the first number is just published. Its main feature is an alphabetical guide to the latest books, intended to be useful to the librarian and the book-borrower. The " Lending Librarv" is a well-produced little monthly journal, but the "guide" pages will have to be improved to be of use to either. "A book for which there should be a big demand," for instance, is not the illuminating description one expects to find outside the advertising columns. Mechanical Sport in the Inn Many people who never go into hotel bars and public-houses but have some curiosity as .to what really goes on there besides drinking should visit the exhibition of the wine, spirit, and catering trades that opened to-day at Dorland Hall, Regent Street. The main exhibits indicate that the public-house patron must spend most of his time and some of his money in trying to set little leaden balls to run down a sloping table through various I obstacles into numbered holes. lti-varieties of this table game are illimitable, but they all require a penny to start the game. One sportsman vies with another sportsman as to who will score the most points. Some of the manufacturers boldly suggest prizes the publican ought to pay to the highest scorers, such as sums from a shilling up to ten shillings, and some that the house should also add a bottle of spirits. The state of the law is apparently not clear in all districts. These miniature tables cost from 7 to 17. and there are baby pin tables at less. Some of them have tin racehorses that move according to the hole in which the ball drops : others shoot the balls from guns into circles ; others run the balls down a series of channels that are manipulated by hand. Others have trap doors and coloured lights, the whole reminding one of the dead and gone miniature Kolf craze. Our taverns clearly are losing ground, and their frequenters are no lonsrcr able to interest one another by their conversation. Mr. Chesterton and .Air. ueuoc ougnt to ao sometnmg about this. L.C.C. and Pernicious Films The rules governing the showing of films in this country arc complicated, and it is unfortunate that the confusion already existing in the public's mind should have been added to by the reports of a speech made by the chairman of the Licensing Committee of the London County Council to the Public Morality Council last Friday. At this meeting, which was private, Mr. Bertram Mills said that the L.C.C. was powerless to prevent the showing of certain pernicious films because they were printed on :Oon-flammable" film. That is true, but the fact that the powers of the L.C.C. only extend to inflammable films does not' mean that anyone can show any film, however pernicious, so long as' it is printed on non-flammable film. . The Licensing Committee is not a censoring body ; that function belongs to the British Board of Film Censors, and, though it can waive tne decisions ot tne board, as in the case of a recent French talkie, its powers are limited, as well as given, by the Cinematograph Act of 1909. The purpose of this Act was not morality but safety, and it was therefore laid down that all premises where inflammable films were shown must be licensed. If non-flammable film is used a licence is not necessary. But the police can enter any premises where a cinematograph exhibition is being or is about to be given, as can any person authorised by the licensing authority. Mr. Mills's remarks should not, therefore, be taken as meaning that there is nothing to stop the showing of pernicious films but only that the Licensing Committee cannot exceed its statutory powers. It is possible to draw the attention of the police to any picture morally objectionable. A Government Film of Ceylon Touching your leading article to-day on Government films, I hear that one o: the G.P.O. film unit's most competent producers, Mr. Basil Wright, is leaving for Ceylon at the beginning of December and that he will be away for about four months, during which time he will make a number of short films dealing with the life and customs of the island. He will take one assistant with him. The services of the film unit have been contracted for by the Ceylon Tea Propaganda Board, a body formed at the end of 1932 whose purpose is to make Ceylon more widely known and appreciated throughout the world. The six films which Mr. Wright is going to make will not, however, deal specifically with. tea. It is hoped that the results of his labours will eventually be shown in schools and cinemas all over the world. Mr. Wright has already earned a reputation as an outdoor photographer, and a recent production of his dealing with the West Indian banana trade is now being shown all over the country. His journey to Ceylon will be the unit's first important contract since it came under the control of the G.P.O. The six nims are to be completed at the end of next July. house in Queen Street, near by. She left it to Colonel FitzGeorge. There were three sons of the marriage, and Sir Augustus was the last survivor. When King Edward came to the Throne the Duke of Cambridge asked that his three sons should be given the rank of younger sons of peers, but King Edward would not do so; he made them knights. Two of the sons had children, so there are people in London to-day of royal blood without title, or, without being conspicuous in any social way. Sir Augustus was equerry to his father, and spent thirty., years in the army. mainly in the Hussars. In his youth he saw me lamoua prize ngnt between Heenan and Bayers. Biographical notice on page 10 J COURT & PERSONAL THE KINO AT THE CENOTAPH The King will place a wreath on the fnnni h shnrtlv? before 11 a.m. on Armistice Day. Official details of -the cele- v.Mtirm issued bv the Home uinee last night, state that the Prince of Wales will also deposit a wreath, ana wreatns win. Aon.,nii ho l.iid on behalf1 of other members of "the Royal Family, as well as on behalf of his Majesty's Governments in tne United Kingdom and the Dominions, India, the colonies and protectorates, the Royal Navy, the Arm-, the Royal Air Force, and . the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets. The Queen, together with other ladies of the Royal Family, will witness the ceremony from windows, overlooking the Cenotaph. THE INDUSTRIAL HEALTH RESEARCH BOARD The Medical Research Council liava appointed Professor E. P. Cathcart, F.R.S., University of Glasgow, to be chairman of the Industrial Health Research Board in succession to Sir Arnold T. Wilson, who has resigned on becoming a member of Parliament. They hive also appointed Professor Cyril Burt and Miss Hilda Martindale to be members of the board in succession to Sir John H. Parsons, F.R.S., and Miss Ritson, who have retired in rotation. WILL HAY AS FILM STAR Will Hay, the schoolmaster comedian, is to make his first starring film in the original Pinero play " The Magistrate." The production will begin durinjc the first week in December and will bo directed by Mr. Thomas Bentley. SIEGFRIED SASSOON ENGAGED The engagement is to be announced shortly of Mr. Siegfried Sassoon, the poet and author, and Miss Hester Gatty, daughter u the late Sir Stephen' Gatty and his second wife, Lady Gatty, of Lowndes Square, London. Mr. Sassoon is related to Sir Philip Sassoon. TWO ARCHBISHOPS Dr. Cosmo Gordon Lang, who towards tha end of 1925, after 20 years as Archbishop of York, succeeded Dr. Randall Davidson as Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of All England, is 69 years old to-day. He is the third Scottish Archbishop of Canterbury in his own lifetime, Dr. Archibald Tait having become Primate in 1868 and Dr. DaviJson in 1903. He also had a Scottish predecessor at York in Dr. William Dal-rymple Maelagan. Dr. Alfred George Edwards, Archbishop of Wales since 1920 and Bishop of St. Asaph since 18B9, will be 85 on Thursday. He ii the oldest prelate still at work in the United Kingdom. LADY DERBY Lady Derby will open a sa!e which has been organised by the North-Western Area Committee of the Personal Service League at Houldsworth Hall, Manchester, to-day. Several of the biggest shops in the city have co-operated to provide a mannequin parade, and a band of unemployed musicians has been engaged. The sale is for one day only, and it will be attended liy tlie Lady Mayoress of Manchester,' Lady Heading, lady Maureen Stanley, and others. A CELEBRATION AT THE . TURKISH EMBASSY The Turkish Ambassador and Mine. Muntr Bey gave on Sunday night at the Embassy a reception in celebration of the tenth anniversary of the founding of the Turkish Republic. A large and distinguished company was present to give their congratulations. The secretaries and others attached to the Embassy wore in their buttonhole a square piece of red cloth with six white arrows on it, the arrows symbolising the six ideals of the Republic. The Ambassador, considered that the crown of Turkey's efforts was the entry of Turkey into the League of Nations. The company included nearly all the foreign Ambassadors and Ministers in London, with their ladies; Sir John and' Lady Simon, Mr. Walter Elliot, Sir Godfrey Collins, Lord Headley, and a large number of well-known people. The Queen, with the Princess Royal," spent two hours shopping in the West End of London yesterday. The birth ol a son to Mrs. Mary Grace Hills, wife of Major J. W. Hilla,M.P. for Ktpon, was announced yesterday. It is announced by the Colonial Office, that Mr. H. B. Popham, Commissioner, Cyprus, has been selected for appointment as Administrator of Dominica, in succession to Mr. W. A. Bowring. Mr. Popham will probably leave England on November 18 to take up his new appointment. The 2Yew Year Against a grey sky, streaked with thin sunshine, lie two folds of bare and rolling hillside. Bough stone walls cut;acroas their slopes, and the two trees have something of the brittle starkness of dried seaweed. In the foreground a few sheep and! their young lambs stand huddled together. This photograph, which illustrates January in the "Manchester Guardian" Calendar, is a picture of great simplicity. It is a study in long lines the striped sky, the hills, the pattern of wall broken by the tapering trees and the little knot of sheep. In it there is all the bleakness of wintry Derbyshire, softened by January's promise of lengthening days and newborn life It was chosen to represent this first month of the year in. the belief that its austere beauty will live triumphantly through the period it marks. "The Year in Photographs "the "Manchester Guardian" -Calendar for .1834 may be obtained from the publishers at 3, Cross Street, Manchester, and 43,. Fleet .-Street, London, E.C. 4. or from stationers. booksellers, and general stores. The price, .together with a stiffened envelope, is half a- crown and the postage is threepence. .- The publishers will be glade to forward it to any address, enclosing a greeting card from the donor, if the cost of the calendar and postage is sent to them.

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