The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 14, 1949 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, November 14, 1949
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NOEHDMST AJUCANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLV—NO. Blythevui. comic Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY/. NOVEMBER 14, 1949 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Ching Declares No Plans Made For Coal 'Talks' Federal Mediator Indicates No Action By Government Near • WASHINGTON, Nov. 14, ~rhe government's top mediator, Cyrus S. Ching, gave a new report to the White House today op -the - deadlocked coal labor dispute. Ching told reporters before going into conference with John R. steel- man, the President's assistant. 'that )ie had no present plans for arranging federal-sponsored negotiations. Indicating that no government action was imminent, Ching said: "It is doubtful that we \vitt reach any conclusion." Meanwhile, most of the country's Meol firms rushed preparations today for resumption of full production after a Jong and costly strike but all was not peaceful in the coa' dispute. ; John Li. Lewis' miners were digging coal but he hus threatened to have them quit work Dec, l if '-he operators and Ins United Mine Workers fail to agree on a new contract. There was no scheduled between Lewis and the soft coal operators.; Cyrus S. Chine, the government's chief mediator, had ar ranged a meeting last week afie: Lewis suspended the 52-day ol< strike for three weeks. But Lewis did not show up. A Lewis aide sai< the TJMW chief would he in Wash ington Monday "awaiting Hie con venience of the coal operators.". But the operators, in R deadlocl ~with Lewis since last June, appeare lukewarm to the union chief's sug geslion to talk business. Ching wa. # " to report to President Truman 01 the coal dispute and most observer thought lie favored appointment o 3 presidential fact-finding boar with power to recommend a settle ment. President Truman such a board, upon Ching's recom mendation, in the steel dispute. Only 100,000 glUI Out .: With at least five steel companie signing strike-ending contracts ove the weekend, less than 100,000 Ci steel workers remained' on, striki But the holdout companies are ex pected to sign contracts and .withi a week or 10 days virtually 95 pe cent of the some 500,000 steelwork ers who struck Oct. 1 for free per sions will-be back on ,the }ob, Judith Coplon , iecond Coplon Spy Trial Starts NEW YOEK, Nov. 14. (/Pj—Judith Coplon and Valentin Gubitchev were ailed into federal court today for rial on charges of conspiracy to ommlt espionage for Russia. The little 28-year-old brunette, orinerly a Department of Justice mployee, already is under sentence f 40 months to ten years In prison. She was convicted In Washington ast June 30 of taking secret documents with intent to transmit them o a foreign power. The ex-govern- nent girl has been free on bail lending appeal and her second trial *~ere. Today's trial is the first for Gub- tchev, 33 year old Russian engineer and suspended United Nations em- Jloye whom'Miss Coplon said she nice loved. The Washington trial Involved the akmg of government secrets. The trial in New York involves the alleged conspiracy of Miss Coplon ind Oubiichev, at meetings In th! icinity,- to get the secrets into Rus. sian hands. Hiss Also Faces Trial The second perjury trial of Alger ed their disunite over* the^ pensior Major holdputs-'are Allegheny .-Lw'd ,lum Steel : Corp:/'Crucible Stee Pittsburgh Steel, and Sharon~(Pa Steel The biggest film to sign yes terday was Wheeling (W. Va'.VStc Corporation for its 15,00.0 worke in west'Virginia" and Ohio. Steel firms which--have slgne agreements followed the gener pattern of the contract signed wit Bethlehem steel Company, the firs major company to settle Its dispu' with ; the, union. The -agreement based on a company paid pensio plan to provide a minimum month ^ i be"nefit of $100 including Soci (•Security and a five-cent social In ^•surance program. The insurance wi be paid jointly by company an worker. Worth D. Holder Named to Committee Worth D. Holder, secretary-man ager of the Blytheville Chamber c Commerce, has been named chai man of the program committee ft one session of the Arkansas Asso ciation of Commercial Organizatio Executives meeting; in Little Roc Jan. 27-28. Mr. Holder's. appointment made-Saturday at a meeting of tl directors of AACOE at the Hot Marion in Little Rock. Mr. Holder, nlong w/tli eight otlu directors, attended the meeting, rep resenting the northeastern Arkai sas district. § ,Tlie directors meeting was call o make plans for the annu meeting. Four from Blytheyille At Safety Conference Approximately 500 persons, In eluding four persons from Blyth vlllc, met in Little Rock today f the first annual Governor's Safe Conference. Blytheville delegates included Mi Oeorge Lee, Mrs. Kendall Berr Mrs. Harman Taylor and Mrs Pa ris McCalla.' W. D. Cobb, local engineer ai. member or the conference's commi tee on engineering, said he may a lend the second day of the two-da session tomorrow. Various phases of traffic safe and panel discussions on that su Jcct are on tlie program. Office are to be elected tomorrow. H6 3 723 New York Stocks W 1:30 p.rn Quotations: -A T & T Amcr Tobacco Anaconda Copper Beth Steel Chrysler Coca Cola ,5'i's; Gen Electric'- ;'i^ Oen Motors Montgomery Ward N Y Central Int Harvester ..... N.itionnl Distillers Rs-ublic Steel 55 3 159 383 707 El 3 JO 1 .. 273 ^o-oony Vacuum ... SlHdebiiker fc'Miubrd of N j .. >s con' v S"i<fS > C.... ,...'..( 25 7 63 02 52 24 541 t- Counties May Not Impose Taxes on Motor Vehicles Arkansas Supreme Court Rules on \ Lee County Case LITTLE ROCK, Nov. 14— (IP)— The Arkansas Supreme Court held :oday a county may not impose a ax on motor vehicles. But It has no objection to a county wagon tax. The court set aside a Lee. County initiated act which fixed an annual lax on all vehicles within the county—ranging from $2 for wagons to 575 for motor passenger buses. The case had attracted attention of officials of other counties throughout the state, and spokesmen for the Arkansas County Judges Association had said similar county legislation . might be the "answer" to local' road financing The Lee County Act—County In- itiatcd Act No. 2 adopted Nov. 2 1948 — violates provisions of the Arkansas Constitution which allows local government units taxing powers only expressly delegated or reasonably implied to them by the leg islature, the high court said. The state assumed authority for taxing motor vehicles under a 1911 act and has delegated ilo such authority to the counties, the court said. Wag oil Tav OK Authority of cities to levy a license tax on automobiles was by specific authority and was not involved in the current case. Although holding the Lee Count., Act unconstitutional, the court said the county could tax wagons If J 1 chose as that privilege had beet expressly reserved to counties. The unanimous opinion, written by Associate Justice J. S. Holt, reversed and remanded a finding o; tile Lee chancery Court, which hai upheld the act. Oeorge Allen and others had at tacked the measure- Rep, w. L. Ward of Lee Counfr obtained a repealer of the act ii *e 10JD House of .Representatives in thi Hiss—which also involves alleged :fforts of Russian spies to get U. S iecrets—is set for Thursday. U, like the Coplon-Gubltchev trial, will be held in the federal "'" 1U41< n°use ot neprcse courthouse where eleven top u S The rc Pealer was rejected Communist leaders were sentenced' Senate. recently to prison terms and fines They were convicted after a nine- month trial on charges of conspiracy to advocate violent overthrow of the government! : : •' •' His-;, 43 former high-ranking gtJife'pepartraent en z-loyci*- ..>—ry- ed with lying when he denied "before a federal grand Jury Shat he pio- uded department secrets to oe for- waided to prewar Soviet soua P.T.A. Disclaims Sponsorship of Magazine Sales P-uenl, Teacher Association presidents in BlythevIHe lodaj ar a eited that none of their organizations had been sponsors or endorsers of a inagazine sales campaign, launched in Blytheville last week by a man who claimed to be sponsored by the organization.. The man, who gave his name as Michael Trainer, was charged with disturbing the peace Saturday, and later released on bond. In connection with his story, Mrs. Jesse M. White, state magazine chairman, said today that the P.T.A. groups were in no way connected with any such schemes, since the organizations were prohibited from selling or endorsing any magazine other than National Parent Teachers magazine.' Police ' Chief John Poster said that Trainer, a one-legged man, wns reportedly working with another man ,who was no apprehended. Trainer had used various schemes in Blytheville to encourage his sales. Chief foster said. Chief Foster said that Trainer made two refunds after he was jailed. Trainer came to Blytherille from Paragould. He did not appear in municipal court this morning, forfeiting a bond of »13. HAS 6,000-MlUE RANGE—Addition of two 700-gallon external fuel tanks (extreme ends under wings) lias given this Boeing B-50D Superfortress a normal cruising range of more than 6,000 miles, the department of defense announced Saturday. Developed from the war-proved B-20, the B-50D has a s|>ced of in. than 400 miles an hour and a total bomb capacity of 28,000 pounds. (AP VVlrcplioto) Work to Select Site for Bridge ^ri.-- ,7..; >-«•; ,_ . ^ «•/., To Sfdft Soon CARUTHERSVILLE. Nov. 14 — Surveying of possible sites fgr th new Mississippi River bridge to lin Pemiscot County, Mo., nmi Dye County, Tenn., will begin within th next 30 divys. The Missouri-Tennessee Bridg, Commission received assurance o this late last week by Sverdrnn a Parcel, the St. Louis firm which ha been retained as consulting engi ueeis on the project. Tlie commission, meeting in Ca ruthersville last week, authorized its president, N. w. Helm, and secretary, J. F;. Patterson, to sign the contract with the St. Louis firm after it was approved by the commission's legal, consultants, Ward and Reeves, Caruthersville law firm After surveys, which will investigate the possibilities of all practicable sites, are completed, they will be studied by the commission, which will select the most desirable site and forward a report to War Department engineers for approval. Welfare Program Costs Arkansans $8.13 Each WASHINGTON, Nov. H—M',—It cost you $8.13 for Arkansas' welfare program last year. Broken down tlie per capita cost was old age assistance $5G6- aid to dependent children. S2.06; aid to SOao 131 ""' $ °' 22 '" se " Dral assistance, The 1948 program cost $10,886,000. The federal government financed two thirds of that amount; the state one third. Those figures were Contained in a report prepared for Congress by a Joint Economic Committee. Lutherans Hold First Services In New Church Approximately 500, visited the First Lutheran Church at Sixth and Walnut Streets yesterday when the new church was dedicated In services beginning at 10:30 a.m. and extending through an organ recital last night. The keys to the church were presented to the Rev. G. Miessler, pastor, by Clarence Webb, representing the contractors. Pride and Usrey. Following the morning services conducted by the Rev. H. J. Kleindienst, the first pastor of Ihe Blytheville Lutherans, the group went to the American Legion Hut for a luncheon. In the afternoon program, the Rev. R. H. C. Meyer, chairman of the Mission Board of the Western District ol the Lutheran Church, was the principal speaker. The organ recital presented: by Prof. Walter Schroeter of St. Louis, Mo.,i Instructor of music in the St. Louis public schools.. featured two songs heralding'the Christmas season, Jcsu Bambino and Harker's Silent Night. ;, - ; . : Preceding his program, the Rev. Fa" 1 -Schmidt,, i representing- the First' Lutheran Church of Memphis, brought greetings-'from his church and spoke on the heritage of music. The Rev. Mr. Miessler will conduct his first worship service in the new church, completed after a year's work at a cost of $30,000, Sunday morning. Near Collision of Blimp, B-17 Carrying 'Veep' to Speed Probe of Air Traffic By James J. Strcblg- (Associated 1'rc.w Arlalltin Writer) WASHINGTON, Nov. 14. M>j—Vice President Burkley's close call in wiiat a bomber's crew said was a near collision with a commercla. blimp near Washington appeared certain today to speed up studies 01 ~ —i Prince Has Birthday: His First LOMDON, Nov. 14. (jPJ—It's the back pages for London's party-going debutantes today — a one-year-old with six teeth Is giving high society's most exclusive birthday party. He's bonnle Prince Charlie, son of Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburg, first grandson of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, and himself a prospective king of England. Young Charles will receive in his blue and white nursery at his parents' home, Clarence House, here today. His guests will include members of London's titled nursery set. •Hie party will be small, and as quiet as watchful mothers and nurses can keep it. The birthday cake will weigh 40 pounds. The prince himself weighs 24 pounds, eight ounces. There's be one candle atop the cake, which Charles may be permitted to blow out. He won't get a taste of Ihe massive cake, however. Since Papa Philip is a sailor and cakes for a soll- o-'s house traditionally have t liberal dose of rum, this cake Is rum- flavored,' too.- Half a pint to flavor the 40 pounds. But even that little noggin Is not for year-old prince. So • parents of the party guests hlr?^ 01 ^" b'°*.™ ps n ' l!1 tl' lhe lo Charlie's grandparents, at Buck birthday cakt. BOOM mar I* «ent Ingham Palace. Prince Charles Interest Is High In Rural Phone Plans, REA Says WASHINGTON, Nov. 14. (If) Numerous inquiries from Missouri, Kansas and Oklahoma Indicate considerable interest- there in the rural telephone program, the Rural Electrification Administration said today. REA "officials will mke no estimate as to how much of the S2ii,000,000 authorized by Congress for the program this 'fiscal year may be loaned in the three slates. They told a reporter that the law docs not provide for allocation of the funds by states. Furthermore, they said, plans for starting the program still are under consideration and there Is no indication as to when they will be completed. One official said that it has not even been decided finally vliat will be included In application forms. Senator - Kurr (D-OWa) was one ol the Iradlng sponsors of the law passed by the last session of Congress, designed to bring about ex- pinion of the nation's rural tele- phrrr system through loans by the HEA i 0 cooperatives and small ex- Ist.'ng bxbocms. After the program gets into operation, Congress Is expected to furnish additional funds for loans in future years. DEMAND HIS RELEASE- The U.'S. State.Department has* demanded that 'Communist au- ^thorities in Pciping,'China, free American Consul-General Angus Ward, above, and four, of his staff. The five were arrested in Mukilen Oct. 24 on charges o{ beating a Chinese. The dispute, the U.S. note to the Reds warned, is serious and demands early settlement, . Quirino Declares Returns Assure Him of Reelection MANILA, Nov.' 14. (AP)—President Elpidlo Quirino told a news conference tonight the oflicial count in last Tuesday's election assured him of reelection. Tlie president said he would welcome aid of his two rivals, Dr. Jose P. Laurel and Jose Avclino,: In an effort to solve the islands' economic problems. Neither Laurel, puppet president under the Japanese, nor Avelino, who walked out of Quirino's party In a huff, have conceded. The official tally shows Quirino leading by nearly 300,000 votes out of the 4.000,000 cast. Soybeans Nov Dec Men May Open High Low Close 221'.'. 221^ 220 220U 22H» 222« 220U 22Hi 224% 224?i 223 224 223% 224 222S 223U Weather Arkansas forecast: Fair and continued cool this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. Missouri forecast: Generally lair tonight and Tuesday. No important changes in temperature. Low tonight, 36-40; high Tuesday, 60's. Minimum this morning—41. Maximum yesterday—65. Minimum Sun. morning—55. Maximum Saturday—72. Sua'set today—4:5«, Sunrise tomorrow—6:33. Precipitation 48 hours to 7 ».m. today—.72. Total since Jan. 1—50.64. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—33- Normal mean for Nov.—SQ.3. Thi, Date Lut Tear Minimum this morning—43. Maximum yesterday—68. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this d»l* N. O. Cotton Anti-Red Berliners Promise to Resi Russian Advan BERLIN, Nov. 14. (AP)—Berlin's anti-Communists womised U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson today they will resist Soviet encroachment. Trial of Congressman Charges of Fraud Is Postponed Again WASHINGTON, Nov. 14. (AP) —Tlie trial of Rep. J. Parnell Thomas (R-NJ) on fraud charges was iwstjxmed again today. Another week's delay was granted nt the request of Defense Attorney William H. Collins. He told Federal Judge Alexander Hollz- off that he still Is engaged in another trial. "We can't hope lo start In is cnse this week," Judge Holtzotf remarked. "We should, be able to start it next Monday." Judge HolUoIf then reset the case for Nov. 21. separating traffic around airports. The popular "Veep," who Is to be married next Friday, wiu.unawn. of the Incident at the lime. Drew members said Ihe Air Force B-l 1 In which he was n passenger roaret within 60 feet of the blimp with n forewarning it was there. Barkle :old newsmen at Ilmlford, Conn last night he "didn't know a thing about It. It happened last Thursday nigh, nut did not become known—except by U.ose Immediately concerned— u.itll last night. This was the third Incident of Its general nature reported In the area of the Washington National Airport olnce Nov. 1. That was the day on which a Bolivian fighter plane collided with a bic commercial airliner, killing 55 persons. Hail Special Watch' The .B-17 carrying Harkley to Washington was a special air mission plnne Imsed nt Boiling Air Base acrcss the Potomac River from N ttonal Airport. It had picked up Barklcy at Paducah, Ky., late In the aftcrnoofl.;^ : ; : Capt. Wllliam : H. Humrlqhouse, 33, hero of 113 combat missions In the Southwest Pacific, reported that despite a special'watch by his crew the four-engine bomber was above and within 50 feet of, the blimp before seeing it. Humrichhoiisc did not see the Iwiii-eiigincd ens tag but three members of the crew said they saw it so close that their engine exhaust flames reflected from the shiny fabric. The B-17 landed without further incident at National Airport couple of minutes later. The Civil Aeronautics Board tCAB) willed makes nlr safety regulations, and.the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA), which Interprets and enforces them, already are busy with the problem of air See AIIl THAFFIG on Page 12 Car Thieves Steal '49 Model Sedan in Osceola A four-door 1019 Dodge sedan was stolen from the Louis George Motor Company In Osceola last night, according to Osceola Chief of Police Jake Thrallklll. Chief Thrallklll said entry apparently was gained through a window and, once in, tlie Intruders opened a large back door through which they drove the automobile. He speculated that about 25 gallons of gasoline were also taken. "There were prints of five, five- gallon cans next dor near the Osceola Tile and Culvert Company. It's possible they siphoned gaso- U.S. Senators, Swedes Argue Need for Aid ATHENS, Greece, Nov. 14. <AP)— The Senators and the Swedes were still swapping harsh words today. Their dispute revolved around the reception In Sweden recently of A Europe-touring VS. Senate 'appropriations subcommittee. It also took In Sweden's need—or lack of IW-for American financial aid, and the part flwerien played In World War Two. Sen. oJlm I* McOlcllan (D-Ark) was the latest touring Senator heard from. He said today Sweden needed no American help, "profited greatly during the past war and has one ot the highest living standards In the world." "In the case of another international crisis,"' McOlel 1 an added "she'd go with whoever looked like the winner." Sweden's press yesterday dlrectei such words as "liar" and "lwnd> dling nonsense" at tlie Senate sub committee chairman, Sen. Elmei Thomas (D-Okla). He-started th whole fuss when he told reporter In Vienna Saturday that govern ment officials In one country "actei as if they, did :not know we wen within a thousand miles o[ tin place." •••.-.. Other committee members sail Thomas was talking about Sweden The Oklahoma Senator contlrmei this today. Sweden's biggest iicwspaper, th liberal Dagcns Nyhetcr, termed Thomas' remarks -"twaddling nonsense" and expressed doubts about the Senator's "menial acumen and his qualifications to represent abroad the mlghtftst country In the world." * Admonished by the American ecretary to fight for their own lib- rty if they want continued U. S. upjiort, the West Boriiners nn- wered, through their mayor, BJnist tenter: "We arc fully aware here in Bern that your great nation is back f us. We know we can rely on you nd yon can rely on us. You premised me on my visit lo the United States that you would visit Berlin, nd you kept your word. I guantn- ce you that Berliners keep their vord, too." This pledge was voiced In the bat- cred old City Hall in West Berlin, Iironjjcd with German officialdom o receive Acheson on his one-day 'Isit here. Achcson was concluding ils visit to Europe, which entailed i two-day meeting of the Western 'orelgii ministers in Paris and a 'oui-U:iy visit to West German cites. He leaves by plane tonight for iVashlngton. Decisions Not Dlscluscil Just,what tlie llirec Western'min- isters decided In Paris has not been disclosed. However, in Bonn, u German government spokesman said Acheson and West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer agreed it is not desirable at this time to with- Campaign Nears End; Chesf $5,000 Away from Goal Contributions for the Community Chest were Increased to $22,155-30 today, with the final stages of tile drive underway, and with |5,89*.70 still needed before the $26,650 goal Is realized. Tlie Individual budgets of the 13 Red Feather services financed by the drive will be cut In proportion to the percentage or the goal reached. The Blythevtlle Community Chest Board will meet at 10 ajn. Wednesday lo review the campaign and complete plans for closing it. New York Cotton Occ. . far. . Hoy . ruly . 3ct. . open 2082 2533 ...... 29T9 2040 ...... 2797 il it'll 2080 2985 20 79 29-12 2799 LOW 2982 2031 2975 2930 2195 1:30 29B3 2381 2S75 line from other cars In the building," he said- The theft wasn't discovered until around 7 a.m. today, but Chief Thrailkill said he was confident the 2795 'car was stolen sometime last night. DC M M Jl Oc Open High Low 1:30 2990 2092 2089 2091 2966 2989> 2080 2887 2961 2983 29SO 2980 2050 2850 2947 2017 2803 2808 2800 2802 Retail Sales Volume Up But Profits Off By Radcr Winscl NEW YORK, Nov. H. (fly-Retails are facing a pretty bright future in the next months ahead as far as their sales volume is concerned. Tlie pinch comes In profits. The amount of money being rung up on department store cash registers right now is only a shade below a year ago. And remember that year was one of the best In sr.'.ud toluls that department stores ever had. But this year their profits arc being shaved down by high operating costs. On every score It costs more to stay in business now than n year ago. As one merchant snid: "The more you earn the less you make." In a recent survey, the National City Bank of New York show.i that 58 large retail corporations In the first half of Ihts year had n sales volume only four per cent under the comparable period o! 1048. But their net income was down 31 per cent. The 27 department and specialty stores In the list reported sales only three p*r cent under » year i«o, but their profits were off 35 per cent The latest report of the Federal Reserve Board .gives , department W two per cent under last year for the week ended Nov. 5, That's about Ihe most cheering news these retailers have had all this year. FVom Jan. I lo date, department store sales slumped an average of six per cent under 1948. It's true that the comparisons of this year's volume has been made against the bnnncr year of 1943. the tail-cml of the post-war boom. And it Is also true that the present good showing Is paitlally accounted . lor by a temporary but sharp drop in the volume of business at this time last year. Last year's bad business makes this year's good business look still better. But the recovery was made despite the lengthy and costly coal and steel strikes. Just before the cost strike started Sept. 19, sales were seven per cent under last year. They got steadily worse altfr the steel workers walked out. At their low point, department store sale were down a thumping 12 to 14 per cent under Inst year. What about the rest of this year? The head of one of the largest department store groups In the country—Fred Lazarus, Jr. president of Federated Department Stores, Inc., —guesses that dollar volume will be "somewhat lower than a year i That probably means only a few Percentage points lower. An exact figure Is Impossible to give, even at this late date, because of the uncertainty of further strikes and shut-downs. But with everything normal, re- tall trade can continue its present pace at the cash register. That still takes into consideration the past and future losses to wage earners In the strikes. Some estimate that sled workers alone missed gelling about *270,ooo.OOO In their pay envelopes while they were Idle. That doesn't Include the money miners lost while they were on a curtailed work week a great part of the summer and not working at all In the fall. A lot of people forget that there are 43.000 Idle automobile workers right now. It will be several weeks before they start back to assembly lines moving at pre-strike speed. Meanwhile a lot more auto workers are already due to be laid, off as sleel supplies on hand give out.| Dates have been set for slowing and stopping the assembly lines in K>mt at Uw biggest draw Western troops from Germany Even if the Soviet Union withdraws troops from East Germany, (ho spokesman said, the Russians still can rely on secret polite nnrt people's police organizations there Adenauer has been Given a broad picture of the Paris decisions by Acheson. He meets tomorrow with the Weslcvn high commissioners and may learn in detail what was decided with regard to dismantlement of German factories—whether the program will be slowed down or halted. On his arrival by plane iu West Berlin, nil Island Inside Soviet occupied territory,. Acheron told a news conference the city was a "living symbol of a continual effort/to nurture and develop liberty." Later addressing the enthcrlng at City Mull, Acheson said Berliner's will need fortitude to meet their problems. . „ •• -< • ."But I'believe-that.the'ptitkmco of the people of Berlin'Is not wfi>r- IngHhln," ho adrt'ed. .'; . \ . Keds In Asia Next ' '',' WASHINGTON, Kov 14 Ml— ' With Western unity, ncw'jy-rcln- lorccd in Europe, Secretary^ stato Achcson returns to Washlne'ton'thfe week. He will take up next several important decisions in the drive to halt communism in Asia Work on the drafting of a Japanese peace treaty is enpectcd to iseb a new Impetus from tlie Stato ne- [Wrlment chief soon after, lib arrival. New steps arc due, too, to ciar- fy American policies with respect to the Chinese situation. Achcson's most Immediate step however, will be to Join with President "lYuman In welcoming the Shah of Iran. They will discuss'measures for further strengthening the n.nti- Communist, position In the stru'tci-ic line for which Greece is one anchor and Iran is the other. Achcson Is due here Tuccany at the end of a week-long trip tol'.iris While on the visit he talked with British and French foreign ministers on the organization of Western Europe Including Germany and then made a flying tour or key points in Western Germany itself. Administration officials here shared the confidence which Acheson has dLsptyed In his European statements, that the Parts inceUng made solid progress toward solving the great problems of Europe's future. The program ivhlch awaits Achcson here shnu-.s by ilnuu.itic contrast (he extent to which Asiatic problems remain unsolved. For it is on Issues of the Middle Fast and Kur f.'asl Dial events of the next week or tun days srcm ccrlnin to fix the spolliOit iinw that lhe I'aris conference is nut of lhe ivay. These events are: 1. Top diplomats of the Arab nation. 1 ; were due to confer with s(atc Department olficlals today and wen: making a special trip here from the United Nations at New Yoik for that purpose. 2. Mohammed Reni Pahlcvi. ruler of Iran, is due here Wr?'.y for a state visit. In the course of his slay, he is expected to press upon both Acheson and Mr. Tinman hfs view that Iran needs American, military and economic n.-^bitnnce, 3. The panel of Far Eastern consultants which Acheson established in Into summer to advise him on a new American anti-Communist policy following the failures in Chmix has virtually completed its work. 4. Probably the most specific re-alt of the advice given Acheson by thi! Jcssup group, so far as i.s publicly known, Is the decision of the St.Uo Department to go ahead with a peace treaty for Japan even though Russia and possibly other countries declined to participate. Achcson and British Foreign. Minister Bcvln agreed In September that a treaty l> urgent and the state Department Is now nearing completion of a draft. The urgency arises partly from the fact that the subject has become a political ksite of tremendous importance in Japan, and the Communist. 1 ! have been trying to make capital out of the lack of progrc.-a on a pact.

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