The Honolulu Advertiser from Honolulu, Hawaii on August 15, 1945 · 1
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The Honolulu Advertiser from Honolulu, Hawaii · 1

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Honolulu, Hawaii
Issue Date:
Wednesday, August 15, 1945
Page:
1
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7A J 17 3" lr MM V ' 0 Mom Bomlb Mob Fine I SAN FRANCISCO, Wednesday, Aug. 15 (UP) Radio Tokyo said today Premier Kantaro Suzuki and his cabinet have resigned. FCC monitors recorded the following brief dispatch broadcast by the official Japanese Domei news agency: "Flash! Tokyo, Aug. 15 The Suzuki cabinet has resigned." No further details were given. SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 14 (UP) Emperor Hirohito proclaimed the unconditional surrender of Japan to his 100. 000,000 subjects tonight in an unprecedented Tokyo broadcast and, referring to the new and most cruel atomic bomb, said total extinction of human civilization would result if Nippon continued to fight. ; Faced with the alternative of capitulation or "ultimate col lapse and obliteration of the Japanese nation,' the emperor declared solemnly in a history-making rescript that "we have ordered the acceptance of the provisions of the joint declara nton of the United States; Great Britain, China and the Soviet Union. ' - "The enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage is indeed incalculable, taking the toll of many innocent lives," the emperor said. Premier Baron Adm. Kantaro Suzuki, broadcasting after , the emperor, told the Japanese people that Japan a war aim had been "lost by the enemy's use of the new-type bomb. DECISION MADE AT HISTORICAL CONFERENCE Suzuki, the aged leader of Japan's statesmen, disclosed that Hirohito decided to accept the Allied surrender terms .at a "historical conference" that was attended by all cabinet members arid four of the Japanese elder statesmen. He said the emperor "graciously listened" to the views and opinions of the others then declared: "In view of the world situation and our situation, and in view of the effort of the people, although they may be your opinions, I do not wish to turn the. country into! a scorched earth, even though my life may be lost." He attributed Japan's final defeat to both the atomic bomb and the entrance of the Soviet Union into the war. "We, the people of Japan, simply cry and deeply express apoiogy to the emperor. In spite of the people failure, he did not scorn the people." WISHED TO SAVE PEOPLE On the contrary," said Suzuki, "he declared that he wished to save the people, even by losing his own life. AH present (at the conference) could not help but cry, despite the fact that they were still in the presence of the emperor. ,Both the emperor and Suzuki broadcast over the Japan broadcasting corporation system, both to the home islands and to Japanese-occupied territory in Asia. Simultaneously, the official Domei news agency transmitted the texts of the speeches abroad. It was apparent in both the proclamations of the emperor and the premier that the atomic bomb disintegration attacks (Continued on Page 8, Col. 1) IVIIY BE DEAF? when you can hear with a . ' - for Oadionic Hearing Aids Air Conduction Model Priced at $40 Bone Conduction Model Priced at $50.00 Ready-to-Wear COME IN FOR DEMONSTRATION! THE VOU HflOLI-YOUnO CO., LTD. King & Bishop St. Branches Hilo, Wailuku, Lihue , LATE CITY FINAL 89TH YEAR, NO. 20,729 HONOLULU, HAWAII. U.S. A. On Oaha, Price 5 Cents Airplane Edition, 7 Cents To Reach All Departments Telephone 2311 WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15. 1945. 32 PAGES I i! it. Hill Or Bo 'At 1 $ S jS( 44l v r 1. : 4 1 PEACE COMES BACK TO HONOLULU Surcease from war and Hon persons overflowed the sidewalks, filled the streets, like here efforts for war came to Honolulu yesterday. Only the city where on Kin St. and Alakea. (Advertiser photo oy Danny Morse.) the war began, was not "peaceful." The jubilation of half a mil- . - - . Fleet Ceases Fire But Nips Launch Raid By RICHARD W. JOHNSTON WITH THE 3rd FLEET OFF JAPAN, Aug. 15 (UP) Japanese airmen, disregarding or unaware of their nation's surrender, attacked this triumphant fleet today and sent the men to their battle stations beneath our dancing victory ensigns. Just 14 minutes after giant American battle flags were hoisted to signify the end of the war, Japanese bombers came in. Barking guns of our aerial patrols shot down one of the intruders in the friendly fashion'' prescribed by Adm. William F. Halsey who had anticipated trickery. All Over in 15 Minutes Fifteen minutes after the first Japanese plane splashed, other planes dotted our radar screen. Once again this ship resounded to the ominous ringing of the general quarters gong, and the shrill piping bugle: "man your battle sta tions! This unexpected "G.Q." and we hope, the last ended in 15 minutes. The Japanese fled when they found we had not relaxed our vigilance and were ready for any last minute sneak plays. Sol Plii vins "Uncle Laulan says he suspects that Hirohito is mixed up in the aspirin trust," Sol Fluvius reported last night. "At least, he says, all those 'Maybe' peace J reports went to make up a lot of round - the-clock. day In and day out hangovers. But now it's the real thing:. Whoopier J a p W ar M i n i s t er Gommits Suicide To Atone For Failure SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 14 (UP) Tokya radio said tonight Japanese War Minister Korechika Anami, 58, committed suicide at his official residence to "atone for his failure in accomplishing his duties as his majesty's minister." Three hours before Japan made its original surrender offer last Friday, Domei news agency reported Anami had called upon the Japanese to conduct a "holy war" against Soviet Russia. There was no immediate indication what Anami used to take his own life, but it was possible he resorted to- the traditional ceremony of hara kiri, disembowelling himself with a special knife. First War Lord Death It was the first report of self-inflicted death among the war lords of Japan who took their nation into an all-fated war of conquest that ended in total defeat and unconditional surrender to overwhelming Allied might. Anami was one of Japan's greatest military leaders. He became war minister in Premier Kantaro Suzuki's cabinet ' in April, 1945. Previously he had been director general of army aviation headquarters. Hawaiian Holiday Proclaimed; Truman Sets Today, Thursday By LAURIE JOHNSTON Honolulu will celebrate the war's end with a general holiday today, but the parade and other official V-J Day events w-ill wait for formal proclamation of the day by President Truman. Since this will not be done until final surrender papers have been signed, it was not considered likely the parade would be held before Thursday, or Friday, and possibly later. Whatever the day, the parade will be at 10 a.m. Stores and offices, which closed immediately on receipt of victory news "yesterday, will remain (Continued on Page 2, Col. 6) MacArt MlliF (fliers Jfoe a likewise WASHINGTON. Aug. 14 (UP) President Truman tonight pro claimed Wednesday and Thursday legal holidays with provisions for premium pay to essential workers who must remain on the job. It appeared likely that a third holiday will be proclaimed on V-J Day. Official V-J Day will be established by Mr. Truman after Japan signs the formal surrender papers. - The president told a news conference that federal employes were "one of the hardest working groups" of war workers during the past four years and would be given a "well deserved, though inad- ( Continued on Page 2, Col. 7) Cruiser Lost, Entire Crew Missing, Hurt WASHINGTON," Aug. 14 (UP) The Naw announced the loss of the heavy cruiser Indianapolis re centlv with 100 per cent in casual ties totalling 1.196 officers and men. It was revealed the cruiser was lost shortly after completing mission delivering essential atomic bomb material to Guam. Adm. Raymond A. Spruance was aboard her some time oacK when she was hit by a suicide attack. The Indianapolis had just re turned from weeks of attacks on the home islands and participating in the invasion of Okinawa. At that time a lone Jap plane attacked. The plane was hit and toppled, in the water but it released a bomb about 25 feet above the deck which crashed through it. She left the formation emergency repairs and then headed later for Mare Island for repairs. The cruiser left San Francisco on July 16 on a special high speed run to deliver its cargo. It was lost after leaving Guam. The Navy gave no further details on how the vessel was lost. The Navy said 845 men, includ ing 63 oiticers, are missing. iwo hundred and eighty eight were injured. SAILOR STABBED Jose C. Bias, USN, was taken to Aiea Naval hospital for treatment cf what police said was a serious stabbing wound after an .altercation at 378-A North Kukui St Herman Silva suffered a light cut on the hand in the same affray, and Ignacio Castillo, 38, is being held in the police station pending investigation, according sto , Sgt Neil Donahue of the detective bu reau. I WASHINGTON, Aug. 15 (UP) The Tokyo radio said at 3 a.m. EWT today that the imperial brder to cease fire is expected soon but added that "until then enemy men of war and other vessels are warned against entering Japanese home waters so as to avoid any untoward incident." The broadcast was heard by FCC The Japanese Domei agency sent another warning at 4:06 a.m. EWT, FCC said. By LYLE C. WILSON WASHINGTON, Aug. 15 (UP) The world today entered a bright new era of peace in which Gen. Douglas MacArthur summarily ordered Japan to send representatives to Manila to receive Allied surrender terms. He acted as supreme Allied commander. MacArthur is expected to announce that 'Japan "will sign on her home soil or in territorial waters perhaps Tokyo bay. American forces were ordered to cease offensive action last night. Tokyo broadcast to Japanese troops at midnight EWT (1 p.m. Wednesday Japanese time) the announcement of agreement to surrender. MacArjhur's message also "directed" the Japanese immediately to cease hostilities. - But Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced that . Japan, planes attacked the U. S. 3rd Fleet after 3 a.m. Wednesday, EWT. five were shot down. It was not immediately clear whether the attacks were continuing. HIROHITO GIVEN ORDERS Nimitz asked MacArthur to tell the Japs that we will shoot down any planes approaching our fleet. MacArthur previously had radioed Emperor Hirohito to arrange to end the fighting "at the earliest practicable date." His message went to. the imperial Japanese government and to Japanese imperial headquarters as well as to Hirohito. The victors at home already were on a two-day holiday and celebration of the peace a peace beyond which lie the greatest conceivable dangers of reconstruction. But at lonj last there is peace in our time. Italy, Germany and Japan were beaten. The Axis is dead. MACARTHUR TAKES OVER President Truman announced Japan's agreement to unconditional surrender last night at 7 o'clock EWT. With the consent of the Allies, Mr. Truman named Mac-Arthur supreme commander for the Allied powers. MacArthur, who fled in the night from Corregidor, will receive the surrender. He will command the forces which occupy designated areas in Japan. He will tell the Japanese emperor what to do and say., "I thank God," said the general in Manila when informed that the war was over. "I shall at once take steps to stop hostilities and further bloodshed.' ' BYRNES SENDS NOTE At the moment Mr. Truman was announcing Japan's surrender agreement and "full acceptance" of the Potsdam dec-continued on Page 8, CoL 7) Not A Quiet Spot In Honolulu 5 Minutes After Announcement By ELAINE FOGG Five minutes after the cry -Peace!" swelled through Honolulu yesterday, there wasn't a quiet spot, an uncrowded niche from Punch- forlbowl to Aloha Tower, from Advertiser Square to Dillingham Blvd. Friday morning and Monday night were only rehearsals for yesterday. We plunged from The Advertiser building into crowds gathered outside to hear the historic mes sage hurled from loudspeakers around radio station KGU on the top floor. The roof was crowded with employes tossing shredded paper into South St. below. Our mind flashed back 1,347 days to Dec. 7, 1941. The Ad vertiser roof was lined with peo ple that day, too; people stricken and dazed and incredible as they watched black smoke writhe over Pearl Harbor. We were one of those who stood there and saw war begin. Yesterday we retraced the route we followed that morning of Pearl Harbor. The sirens started about 1:45, but they were faint above the noise of horns and shouting people. Different Kind of Sound Suddenly there was a different kind of sound, one that some-,how penetrated those of traffic and sirens and voices. It was the pealing of the bell in' Kawaia-hao Church. (Once before, on a Sunday morning, we listened to that bell toll while enemy planes circled over Pearl Harbor.) We didn't realize we'd stopped until two soldiers stopped to listen, too. After a moment ona said: "I think I'm going to church." Allied flags were arrayed over the City Hall entrance. Public offices In the building had emp tied their personnel to the front steps. We cut across the library grounds and through Iolani Palace gates. There we saw our first Victory parade. Workers from the Palace Canteen were parading around the drive, beat- , (Continued on Page 2, Col, 1) A ir

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