The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on September 15, 1913 · 7
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 7

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Monday, September 15, 1913
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SIR E. CARSON REJECTS CONFERENCE EMPHATIC STATEMENT. ME. BONAR LAW VISITS THE KING. The proposal for a conference on Home Fuie put forward by Lord Loreburn continues to monopolise attention in political fjuarters. It cannot be said, however, that the comments of politicians and of the party newspapers afford much ground so far for Vlieving that such a conference will be brought about. Ir; a speech on Saturclav at Durham Sir EJ-.vard Carson flatly declared the proposal -. bo impracticable. and said that the gulf between him and Mr. licdmond was not to be bridged. Mr. Df-vlin at Listowel yesterday suggested the same thing more indirectly, although he said he would heartily welcome a Home Rule Bill basc-d on universal agreement. Indeed, the only whole-hearted support of a conference from any Irish quarter comes from Mr. William D'iSnen, who thinks that neither Liberals, nor l.'nionists, nor Nationalists can or will refuse to participate in one if the invitation to do ?i -iick-s from the King. Saturday's spokesman on the Liberal side was Mr. Ellis Griffith, the Under Secretary .if State for the Home Department. He was rpc-akiiig in Scotland, and discussed the proposed conference with a certain degree of Sympathy, though he was careful to explain he wa.s only expressing his individual opinion. 1'hrco principles, he thought, should be nTjited as a basis of any useful compro- i) That there must bo a change in the existing government of Ireland; (2) that xJiat change must place a greater share of the government of Ireland in the hands of Irishmen in Ireland; (3) that there should be a Parliament, or Assembly, or Council repre-wnting and voicing the views of Ireland as a w hole. T.irtl Loreburn's plan is strongly supported in a letter to tho "Times" by Earl Grey, who sees jn it the first step towards the establishment f a federal system for the United Kingdom. It is perhaps important to notico that Mr. lionnr Law. who had an interview with Lord Jinsdi)vno on Friday, went on by motor-car t Balmoral on Saturday, and (in the words of a newsagenry) " was closeted far some time with the King and his advisers." Earl Ctirzon, Lord Esher, and Lord Revelstoke are ata at the Castle, as well as Mr. Harcourt, tho .Minister in attendance. SIR EDWARD CARSON'S SPEECH. (FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESFON'DEXT.) Dcriiam, Saturday Night. Sir Edward Carson gave his answer to Lord Loreburn at an anti-Home Rule meeting in Wharton Tark this afternoon. Tho meeting was magnified rather considerably by the nanus of a ''county demonstration," and in tho same large way Sir Edward intimated that he would take its resolution to Ulster (where he is going next week) as a message of encouragement from ''all that is best" in the county of Durham, to persist in the treasonable preparations which it is his avowed object to perfect. Sir Edward has lus own ideas ot what is Dost, in imrua.-u, just as he has in Ireland, but on a mere qucs-tion of averages it may be pointed out that ot fifteen representatives whom the county divisions and tho Parliamentary boroughs of Durham send to Parliament thirteen :uo bound Homo Rulers. At the last general election three such were returned without any attempt at opposition, and in some of the ot Iters tho Home Rule majority actually exceeded the Unionist poll. The two exceptions, Durham City and Darlington, happen to be tho two smallest constituencies in zho county, and Durham itself (with 2,600 voters it is equal to only one-ninth part of Chester-le-StreeO is also the .smallest constituency in England a certain mark for disfranchisement- us an electoral unit in any retlistribu-t uui bill that may come from either side. Ono mentions these things because tho principal speaker made it a chief point in .is speech that the Government have never Iiad any mandate for Homo Rule, and be-..iu it probably struck many "of the tst "' that that was a point which could have been made hotter in some place other ;han Durham, whoso own particular mandate His never been open to doubtful construc- .ens these twenty-seven years last past. Of ihe best " some four or five thousand, men, wiuiion, and children, assembled to-day, and :::ug these, for the slight encouragement y inch ho got at times, Sir Edward Carson i ni to depend mainly on a small band of members of the Loyal Orange Order, who re, of course, by no means distressed at !!;, possibility of Popish heads being cracked f. the North of Ireland. The great majority the crowd, though good Tories, heard the co.-h in silenco, and a rather chilling meet-was not wholly accounted for by the raw-:v-- .if the weather. The Answer to Lord Loreburn. I lie only point of general interest was the p..-.ibility of some response by the leaders of l.s-.er Unionism to Lord Loreburn's appeal, ''fii Londonderry, who had been Sir K.iward's host at Vynyard, is the titular cider of the Ulstermen, as well as a Durham -..nate. but in the chair he felt himself un- ; :al u a delicate task and handed it over, y::!:o-.:t any embarrassing comment, to Sir iVlwaui, to whom, he 6aid, he stands in the cation of the lieutenant to the captain, '.bore may have been a council of war at H'ymard; at any rate one 'noticed that in cdiug with Lord Loreburn's letter Sir ". lu.-ml had recourse to manuscript, which is .nusnal tor him, and that his sentences had tie doliherateness of an official declaration. - "ere was no ambiguity whatever about om. Sir-Edward paid a high tribute to the ne:y and the conscientiousness which Lord Loreburn has shown throughout his career, -i incidentally tried to extract a few miser- :o party points from a letter which, on the ! ice of it, was written without prejudice to :o!oug convictions, and with the express ; .rpose of stilling party conflict. But while i'Kssing these points, according to conveni-nye, when it came to greater matters, Sir Ldward found that Lord Loreburn lacked crcn tiio rudunents of knowledge. "It is not- a question, of petty detail with n: it is not a question of the provisions of his bill," he explained. "Lord Loreburn coes not see the gulf that there is between Jlr. Redmond and myself." That gulf is "r according to Sir Edward, because while, the Ulster Unionist is only concerned with " su government or ireiana Jar. ted-mond is only concerned with the recognition of national sentiment. It pleased fair Edward to treat the two things as mutually exclusive ; it was unthinkable that the great majority of Irishmen, could have an effective voice in the government of their own country without OlF JjdWAni icmiaaail -f.TiA A ifFaya-n rtoo ao fundamental and so irreconcilable that there was not the slightest use in pretending to conierence wnicn musti prove abortive." So far as those for whom he speaks are concerned, he carried the futility of the conference to the point of demonstration. Thev are not prepared to yield a tittle of a, " right " which they have come to regard' as one of the inalienable rights of man in Ulster the right to be rovernl hv at Westminster, with an executive responsible mat jrarnament. "We -shall never give up the principle for which we have fought, the principle of being governed bv an Im perial Parliament with an executive re sponsible to it," Sir Edward said. " No man has a right to filch away from us one shred of that which we have inherited, and I should be false to those who have made me their leader if I gave the slightest encouragement to the idea that any single loyal man in Ulster is prepared to give up even to the smallest degree the protection of the Imperial Parliament and tho executive which now governs them." In this spirit Sir Edward is going back to Ulster to put the finishing touches, as he explained, on his "Provisional Council," which is going to "take over" such parts of tho government as will protect the Ulster i-nionist from the machinations of a Lublin Parliament, nn1 tt-IiiIi 0ta rminrr nffor a steady opposition to every act a Dublin Parliament may attempt. Sir Edward admitted ic-r pornaps one should say threatened) that all this will very likely result in bloodshed, in which case the responsibility will be not on those who defy the law but on those who execute it. Tho "suffragettes" and Mr. Larkin have made much the same point. The speeches of Sir Edward Carson and of Mr. Ellis Griffith, and other comments on Lord Loreburn's proposal, appear on another page. AMERICA CUP DEFENDER. THREE CANDIDATES POSSIBLE. (IlEtrTEB's Correspondent.) Newport (Rhode Island), Saturday. Mr. Robert W. Emmons has been chosen to sail the Herreshoff candidate for the defence of the America Cup. During the past sum mer ho sailed Mr. Harry Payne Whitney's Barbara, and ho has previously had large ex perience both as owner and skipper. It is practicallv certain that a second and possibly a third candidate for the position of defender will be built. The composition of the syndicate for which Mr. Herreshoff is building is now definitely announced to be Messrs. Cornelius Vander-bilt, Frederick G. Bourne, J. P. Morgan, H. Walters, A. C. James, and George If. Baker, all of whom are members of the New York Yacht Club. WOMEN'S TAX RESISTANCE MOVEMENT. REFUSAL TO PAY INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS. London, Saturday. Refusal to pay contributioas under the Insurance Act is the latest development of tax resistance as part of the women's suffrage movement. For bo refusing, or rather for refusing to pay the fines and costs afterwards imposed on her in the courts, Mrs. Harvey, a member of the Tax Resistance League and the Women's Freedom League, is serving two months' imprisonment in Holloway. Mrs. f-Harvey, who is well known for her work among poor children in the East End, is the first person to go to prison as the result of resisting tb.s Insurance Act. A meeting of protest against what was called " Insuranco Act persecution " was held this afternoon in Trafalgar Square by the Women's Freedom League, and was fairly well attended. As a voteless woman Mrs. Harvey refused to pay the insurance contribution of her gardener, or to take out the usual man-servant licence. The gardener's name, quaintly enough, is Asquith. The fines and costs imposed amounted to 23, and it was one of the points in the speeches to-day that the fine was much heavier in the case of Mrs. Harvey than in tho case of the many men who have, for reasons of another kind, refused, to comply with the Act or tried to evade it. The resolution, which was carried, protested " with indignation against the vindictive sentences passed on voteless women, and especially that on Mrs. Harvey," and demanded that "the Government accord equal treatment to men and women under the law and under the Constitution." The rase of Mrs. Harvey was made the text ot vigorous suffragist speeches, chiefly in justification of tax resistance in general. Among the speakers were Mrs. Despard, Miss Nina Boyle, Mr. H. W. Nevinson, Mr. John Scurr, Mrs. Cobden-Sanderson, Mr. Mark Wilks (who was sent to prison for a similar piece of resistance), and Miss Amy Hacks. Mr. George lansbury sent a message, in which lie said, " I hope every man and woman who really believ-es in freedom and justice will not Test until Mrs. Harvey ha3 been released. It id perfectly monstrous that the law should be administered in the iniquitous manner it has been in her ease, and I hope that the protest will have the effect of securing her release and of preventing further miscarriages of justice." The special grievances of women under the Insurance Act were emphasised by Mrs. Despard, and she defended the right of women to refuse the payment of money in he spending of which by the State they are allowed no voice. "This," she said, "is a vindictive prosecution and a vindictive sentence imposed on Mrs. Harvey because she is a a woman and a suffragist, and because she is a Tebel." Mr. Xe Vinson said that :t was strange that under this Liberal Government more women should be put in prison for their convictions than during the history of any recent Government. He pointed out that men who had been convicted of fraudulent evasion of the Act had been fined less lhan Mrs. Harvey, whose opposition to it was purely a matter of principle. "The Government punish fraud much less severely than thev do the political convictions of women." If the Government continued to deny women the right to citizenship they, must cease to pretend to hold the ancient Liberal principle that taxation and representation go together. Mrs. Cobden-Sanderson reminded us that at one time her father was in favour of & movement in Lancashire for refusing to pay the income tax until the Com Laws were repealed. The Women's Freedom League asserts that this is the third year that a tax resister has been imprisoned whUe Parliament was not sitting. Miss Clemence Housman andi Mr. Mark Wilks were the other resisters. A series of meetings of protest is being held in London. CANADIAN SURVEYORS KILLED BY A LANDSLIDE. . t . -foioirrnm from Victoria. British I jx. -"-o - i Columbia, states that the Canadian Boundary 'Survey camp at Cape Jauzon, nan xsiano, aas been buried bv a landslide. Two surveyors, , Mr. Robertson and Mr. Bade, have been killed. There was no cjiange yestexdayr in-the condition of Mr. Harry gaektt. THE MANCHESTER ROYALTY AND THE MUSIC-HALL. A CRITICISM OF THE COMING PROGRAMME. BY A MUSIC-HALL MANAGER. When the constitution of the " Eoyal command " programme to be done by mutie-hcl! artists at the Palace Theatre last year was made known i: induced infinite heartburning. It was felt that the King and Que.-n had be-;n irduoed to sanction the art of the music-hail but not to consider a characteristic exhibition of music-hall art. The reasons lor the selection of the artists were obvious to anyone versed in the commerce of the variety stage, just as they were obvious in respect of th-; recent performance by music-hall artists arranged for the delectation of their Majesties by the Earl of Derby. At the Coliseum shortly thpre is to be a performance for the benefit of the Charing Cross Hospital and of the French Hospital in London, at which the King aud Queen will be present. There can have been no restriction iu this case on the architect of the pro gramme, and it is a thousand pities that the opportunity of bringing before the King and Queen for the first time a carefully devised and really characteristic selection of music-hall art has leen lost. The Coliseum performance will be magnificent, but from the point of view of the variety stage it is emphatically not the music-hall. Miss Ellen Terry speaking a piece by the editor of " Punch," a musical sketch with Mr. Seymour Hicks for its central figure, Madame Kirkby Lunn of the concert-room and opera, a contingent of Gaiety favourites whatever is the association sujrsestad with the music-hall? Sarah Bernhardt in " Phedre " calls for no remark she is Boadicea at the chariot wheel of the- triumphant Stoll. And Sir Henry Wood conducting a performance of the Marseillaise I Mile. Lydia Kyasht we are certainly glad to see. It is the glory of the music-halls to have maintained the tradition of the ballet since its exclusion from the opera-house up to the modern cult of dancing-. And Lydia Kyasht is a greater dancer than many who have been more assiduously "boomed." Yvette GuilbeTt no doubt punctuated a period in music-hall history at the Empire with what John Hollingshead called her "chansons de brie." Mr. Harry Tate's "Fishing" sketch, Mr. Fragson's pianoforte pranks, Mr. W. C. Fields's juggling these are musio-hall performances of the fine style. But we have never greatly cared for the exploitation of the " two captains " nor does the army ; we do not specially admire "classical dancing," and the burlesquing thereof by Mr. Billy Merson and Mr. James Watts is rather worse. We wonder what a dozen of fairiy acceptable music-hall performers will do as a "single turn" described as " ten little nigger boys all in a row." Frankly, we miss from this music-hall programme most of the music-hall performers whose names might be recorded ten yeaTs hence as representative of the music-hall art of the day. We would begin with Cbevalier, and next would come Marie Lloyd. It seems right that the most remarkable of the forces of modern entertainment should be more discreetly "set before the King." THE PROGRAMME. The following is the programme as arranged to date and approved by the King for the performance at the London Coliseum on October 11 in aid of the Charing Cross Hospital and the French Hospital in London, at which the King and Queen will be present : (1) Miss Ellen Terry will speak a few words, written by Mr. Owen seaman. (2) " Revue Tabloid, played by the most famous Revue Artists in Paris," arranged and produced by Madam Rasimi. (3) Mr. Robert Hale, in his hunting song from "Evervbodv's Doinjr It." (4 " Ten "Little Xigger Bovs, all in a row." written and produced by Mr. Harry Grattan. Messrs. i-reu Hininey, wm jivans, George Formby, George Graves, Xeil Kenyon, Alfred Lester, George Mozart, George Robey, Mark Sheridan, aud Huntley Wright. 5) Mr. W. C. Fields in a display of pyramid shots. (6) Madame Yvette Guiibert, in selections from her repertoire. (7) Messrs.- Green and Wood, the humpsii-bumps-ii comedians." t8) Mr. Harry Tate in "Fishing." (9) Mr. Harry Fragson and a piano. 10 Mile. Lvdia Kvasht. Ul Mr. G." P. Huntley in "Buying a Gun ' from Mr. Harry Grattan. il2 Madame Kirkby Lunn. U3; Messrs. Billy Merson and James A. Watts in a Russian bullet skit. (H) Madame Sarah Bernhardt and Company in act two of Racine's " Phedre." (15) Musical sketch by Mr. Seymour Hick-P and Mr. Max Pemberton, the cast- including Mises Constance Drever. Ruth Vincent, EUaline Terriss. Florence smithson, and Messrs. W H Berry, Joseph Coyne, George Grossmith, and C. H. Workman. (16) "The Marseillaise" by the orchestra under the conihiptorslup of Sir Henry J. Wood followed by the National Anthem, -with solo bv Mr. Ivor Foster. The curtain willri.-4? at half-past eight, on the entrance of the Royal par.y. The scheme of decoration will convert the hall into " a golden palace of a ihous.-m.l lights." Xew Royal boxes are being erected on the right of the auditorium next the stace, and access to them will be gained from Chandos- Street, where the old exit is being converted into a reception-ball with Royal lounges. A CLUE IN THE NEW YORK MURDER MYSTERY. ARREST OF A PRIEST. (Press Association Foreign Special.) New York, Sundat. The Rev. Hais Schmidt, assistant rector of St. Joseph's Catholic Church, has been arrested and charged with the murder of the woman whose mutilated body was thrown into the Hudson River twelve days ago. The victim's body has been identified as that of Anna Aumaller, a domestic servant formerly employed in the parish house of St. Boniface's Church. According- :o the police report the accused attempted suicide when arrested and afterwards confessed. A pillow wrapped around a portion of the dead woman's body led to the apprehension of the prisoner. It is alleged that among the accused's possessions was found a marriage licence issued in February last. The police say that the prisoner told them that he went through the marriage ceremony with the dead girl and himself acted both as priest and bridegroom. The story of how the police traced the murder is considered to deserve a place in fiction. The pillow that was found with a portion of the remains bore a tag, inscribed on which was a brand and the eize of the pillow. This was submitted to a number of manufacturers until one was found who was able to identify- the pillow as one of the only dozen that were made. This dozen was bought by & second-hand dealer in Xew York. The latter, on being interviewed, said he had sold only two of the pillows referred to, but he could not .remember the identity of the purchasers. Later, howeveT, he found the accused's name in his books. MOTORISTS KILLED BY A TRAIN. A Renter telegram from Louviers, yesterday, says that a train collided at a level crossing with a motor-car containing two travellers from Paris. Both were instantly killed, and the car was smashed. Mr. Balfour has returned to Whittingehaini, his East Lothian eat, when be is entext&iaiag, numerous houao prtj. GWAKDTATt, MONDAY, FORBES-ROBEKTSON'S APPEAL. FAITH IN" "THE HIGHER DRAMA." This week Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson proceeds to America for his: farewell tour there. On Saturday night, at the close of a week's per formances at Her Majestv's Opera House, Blackpool, he made an interesting farewell speech. During the week he lias appeared, with his wife, Miss Gertrude Elliott, in "Hamlet," " Mice and Men," and "The Light that Failed." In the production of " Hamlet " the Blackpool Glee and Madrigal Society Ladies' Choir sang Berlioz's "Ballad of Ophelia" after the fourth act. Saturday night's performance wa3 of Mr. Jerome K. Jerome's "The Passing of the Third Floor Back," followed by " The Sacrament of Judas." At the conclusion of the performance the curtain rose again, and the members of the Blackpool Glee and Madrigal Society, assembled on the stage, gang Brahms's " Farewell." Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson, in the robes of a priest as he had just appeared in "The Sacrament of Judas," said that after such beautiful harmonies for farewell the spoken word was but a poor vibration. That was his last appearance in Blackpool. He had bidden farewell to nearly all the cities in England and Scotland, but he hoped some time in the future to pay a visit to Dublin and Leeds. Next week they sailed for Xew York, and he could not help feeling that his hearers would wish them God-spced. (Applause.) The play of " The Passing of the Third Floor Back," which they had listened to with such rapt attention, was played in Blackpool before it was produced in London. The way in which it was received by Blackpool audiences gave his wife and himself the greatest confidence, and they entered into what proved a long season in London with the greatest confidence, because Blackpool had set its seal upon the play. They were delighted with their reception in Blackpool on that occasion, and so he determined the play should be part of the repertoire of the week that had just ended. He thought that splendid audience proved that that remarkable play still had its influence upon the people. He had played it since he last appeared in it in Blackpool continuously for four years in London and the provinces; he had toured for a monthly season in New York, and through the whole of America and Canada, and he would yet retain it in his repertoire. It was disagreeable to say " farewell." But lie would presume to ask theatre-goers in that aeiightful town to continue their support of those best plays in the drama-the legitimate Playhouse. Nothing that we had in the way of entertainment in other forms-of moving pictures or musical comedies or any sort of entertainment for the people could ever really rival or influence to a bad extent the spoken word of the drama. The drama would always flourish, and they must not listen to the pessimists who said that its palmy days were over. "The drama was never in a better state than it is now," he proceeded, "and we have far more dramatists and admirable actors carrying on their work with energy and splendid confidence and faith and belief in the higher drama. In forty years' experience I have seen things gradually growing and better things in the way of the theatre. I have found that dramatists have been anxious to deal with subjects thev could not possibly have dealt with when I first went on the stage. Actors are recruited from all classes of society, and we have now a splendid band of actor-managers running theatres not for the box-office only, but with a high ideal. In men like Martin Harvey, Benson, ami others we have young men carrying the wrua oi emigntenment m the drama." The drama had a great influence for good, and was a great educator. After tlianking the Blackpool Glee and Madrigal Society feu: their singing of "Farewell "the highest compliment that could have been paid to him and by which he had been deeply touched Sir Johnston said he had one word to say on a domestio point. His farewell did not include that of his wife, Misa Gertrude Elliott. (Applause.) "It is good to hear that applause," he said feelingly. " I hope sincerely that she will appear here in the future in eome play or another that has had some success. I will not say " Farewell," only " Good-night." (Applause.) A SUNDAY IN THE BIRD MARKET. London, Sunday. The happiest part of the animal market in Club Row, Bethnal Green's favourite Sunday promenade, is the dog market, really in Bethnal Green Roid, where dealers and dogs take possession of the whole wide roadway, little disturbed by traffic, each man with at least one dog capering on a tiring or a pair of wiry heads under his coat or a basketful of the most enagiu;- puppies. There are no large dogs here for obvious reasons, but more toy creatures than you would believe could by any means find? their way so far east black and brown pomeranians, shrewd terriers, and tiny things all eyes and wisps. The solemnest thing there is a fluffy, white, beribboned .puppy who sits on the pavement undismayed amid a forest of trampling legs and surveys the world, while near by a rjuivering black-and-tan, dancing on nimble toes and straining at his cord, challenges a henvy bulldog to mortal combat! In Hare Street, half-way down the market, are more aiiimaU guiiu-a-pigs. rabbits, and monster harei, the most pitiful creatures. The dealers lift them out of their huddled sacks and dump them heavily down on the barrows, where they flop inertly, with long ears foldod back and large black eyes almost expressionless Ions-, grey, sluggish things. It is difficult to see how much business ia done at the double lines of stalls, around which the eTowd struggles breathlessly, but everywhere one sees pigeons for sale long rows of stunted boys each holding a single pigeon in both hands and crying incessantly, "Let yer 'ave it fer a tanner." A small boy squeezes past with a little lumpy canvas bag. He opens it to let you see a bright, inquiring eye, an iridescent head, dark shapes eeven pigeons in that little bag. All along are bird shops and poulterers. Perched high on a pile of crowded crates sits a younfe-girl direoting three salesmen, scooping in their silver. On another pile just beside her stands a handsome turkey-cock preening his burnished wings. They make the one pleasant picture in this long market. 1 It is a cruel market. Everywhere in the shops, on barrows along the pavement, packed on, every projection are field birds in tiny cages. One man waves his fist at you- You see a sound, soft head, a slender beak, terrified eyes. " Like a thrush? " he shouts. Beside a barrow stands a man selling linnets. Trade here is ! good. He holds a tiny, struggling bird by its backward-bent wings, shaking it to emphasise his words. "A genuine cock linnet," lie says, "let yer 'ave it for fourpence; two for seven-pence. Right." He puts itinto a paper bag, and hands it to a careful purchaser, one of those weather-beaten old men who haunt the Row. One man boasts that on Sunday mornings he sella twenty dozen linnets, presumably in paper bags- The sun shines, and those rows of cages Sie full of eager, fluttering wings. The sun shines alluringly, and a dismal crowd of starved, stunted, white-faced men and boys have nothing happier to do than to crowd this dismal lane. The whole scene is heart-breaking. Prinoess Victoria, who has been spending a holiday in Denmark, returned to London on Saturday evening, and leaves for the country Aft ft private yijyi oa Monday. SEPTEMBER 15, 1913. EXPRESS DERAILED. STARTLING ACCIDENT -XEAR NEWCASTLE. REMARKABLE ESCAPE. An alarming accident befel the Scotch ex- TV'flCa ftwrv X'a.. - t i. o.vdaue eany on Saturday morn- Eastern, Railway, but fortunately there was no loss of life. The train, by which thirty passengers were travelling, was that which leaves Newcastle at 5 5 a.m. for the North. At Chevington Junction the engine and six bogie carriages left the rails, tearing up the permanen: way for a distance of over 200 yards. The long steel rails were twisted out of shape, iron chairs were scattered about, and the wooden sleepers were splintered into small pieces. The huge locomotive, one of the finest in the East Coast Joint service, looked very little the worse; in fact, but for the tender standing derailed, the casual observer might have considered she had escaped any damage at all. The brake van was rather badly damaged, and the buffers, axle boxes, footboards, and bodies of the other five coaches more or less damaged. Still, the rolling stock had not suffered the destruction, that might have been anticipated when it is considered that the speed was approximately sixty miles an hour. The tender appeared to have jumped the metals first, and then the whole train became derailed. The couplings between the engine and tho first coach had snapped, and so had other couplings, with the result that the Aiiori wain puued up in four sections. The passengers, of course, received a severe shaking from the jolting and swerving, but only one, Mr. E. V. S. Watson, managing director of the Scholefield Piano Manufacturing Company, was at all hurt. He sprained an ankle in hurriedly leaving the wrecked train. Neither Driver Pennington, Guard Hope, nor the fireman sustained injury of any kind. The Chev- lngton station-master, Mr. Robert Longstaff, soon obtained assistance, and the passengers went forward some four hours later. The Cause of the Accident. As to the cause, experts on the spot hold the opinion that the heavy overnight rains had created a slight subsidence in the ballast, which was quite new. It was further stated that the line at the slight bend near Chevington south level crossing was found to be level after the accident. At all bends, of course, the outside rail is elevated above the insido rail. In addition the rails were decidedly greasy. A high speed under these conditions was obviously dangerous, although, excepting the greasy rails, they were unknown to those in charge of the express, or apparently anybody else. Workmen were engaged only on Friday in ballasting the line between Widdrington and Chevington with stone chips, and tho train was wrecked practically at the spot where work had been sus pended for the day. It is believed that the train only remained upright after it left the metals owing to the fact that the wheels became embedded in tho ballast. Traffic between Newcastle and Edinburgh had to be diverted via Carlisle. The 5 SO a.m. express from Newcastle was unable to pass the obstruction md had to return. The Injured Passenger's Story. On the arrival of the relief train at the Waverley Station, Edinburgh. Mr. Watson was lying disabled in one of the first-class compart ments, jae stated that at the time of the acci dent he was asleep, and was awakened by the noise and the shock. He was thrown across the compartment, and managed to get out on to tne permanent way. The driver immediately applied the brakes, and the couplings broke. The tender left the rails along with the carriages, and the engine alone stood on the rails. It was remarkable that the carriages remained upright, as one of them stood at an extraordinary angle. He had to cancel his arrangements to proceed to Aberdeen, and decided to return to London. The Rev. Dr. Hutton, of Belhaven Church, Glasgow, relating his experiences, said that at the time of the accident his wife and son were asleep. They were all suddenly awakened by a terrible shock, and the luggage was shot from the tack to the floor. The rain was falling very heavily at the time, and he thought the train must have been going at the rate of about fifty miles an hour. The tender was overturned, Lut the driver showed great foresight and presence of mind in not bringing the train to a sudden stop. It took about two hours from the time the telegram was despatched summoning assistance for the relief train to make its appearance. In the course, of a short interview, Artificer Engineer Brown, of H.M.S. Implacable, v ho was travelling to Oban, said he was awakened by a rooking and shaking of the train. Ihe passengers in his compartment were terrified because they thought the train was sure to g". o:i fire. Some of his luggage jumped from the rack, and, unfortunately, one lady had her arm injured by it. When the jolting stopped he jumped out of the train, and noticed that it had divided into three sections. Another passenger, Mr. R. Murdoch, said that he and the other passengers were suddenlv pitc-hed on to their faces. They were all greatly alarmed, as, coming so soon after the last dreadful accident, many of them expected that the worstihad overtaken the train. The windows were smashed and the line Torn up fur several hundred yards. ome passengers m the train which passed over the scene of the accident a quarter of an hour before the express stated that they felt a roughness in the running. The guard said lie was thrown to the floor by the jolting. There is an impression among railway officials that this might have been accounted for by a subsidence of the surface owing to the mineral workings giving way. A MISHAP AT BLACKBURN STATION. COACH OX A BLACKPOOL TRAIN DERAILED. The Lancashire and Yorkshire 1 25 Blackpcol Central express train, which runs oa Saturdays only, was about to enter Blackburn Station at 2 48 p.m. on Saturday when the last coach but one of the very long train, crowded with pas sengers, jumped the metals. The driver detected that something was wrong, but the train had travelledat a distanceof 150 yards before it could be brought to a stand. The derailed coach tore up the permanent way for a considerable distance, and, passing over the sub way skylight, which was of exceptionally thick glass enclosed in an iron frame, shattered the glass. There were sixty or seventy passengers in the derailed coach, but only one complained of shock. It was not until five o'clock that the centre line could again be used. MR. GARBLE, M.P., AND THE RUSH FOR PROFIT. At Wolverhampton yesterday Mr. G. J. Wardle, M.P-, said that while the Board of Trade inquiry and coroner's inquest were proceeding it was impossible to say mujb about the Aisgill railway disaster. It was proved that Tail ways were safest when nationalised and where profit did not enter into the question. If working people were wise, they would do their utmost to carry on the agitation for nationalisation so that no Government could withstand the pressure. In the mad rush for profit and dividends and for economy and saving of pence the public safety seemed of email account. The people were to blame, for they held the power in H HrkHow nf tKftir HanHs anH vmM n if for the benefit ot tbemaelxa ud cthen LIFEBOAT RESCUE OFF RHYL. MAN TAKEN OFF PUNT. A SINKING- 1 Great excitement was occasioned at Prestatyn and Rhyl yesterday by the launch of the lifeboat and the rescue incr in fti tim nf ! a bathing machine attendant who had been carried out to eea in a small punt. This mint is stationed near the new bathing ground be tween the two towns, and its owner (Mr. W. R. Jones) had taken it out yesterday to attend to oatners. borne people on the shore noticed ni.it it nau oeen earne;i out to sea about a mile, and on looking closely saw that Jones was baling it out with his hat. Thereport spread that the boat was unsafe, and another boat went out towards it. This second loat. how ever, began to leak, and the occupants had to row back to save themselves A messenger was hurried to Prestatyn police station and a telephone message was sent to Khyl asking that the lifeboat should be launched. The coastguard promptly fired the signal rockets, and residents and visitors rushed to the shore, places of worship l;eiug quickly emptied. Although the crew and hordes are scattered about Rhyl, in twenty minutes from th--: firing of the rockets the tubular lifeboat was launched in a choppy sea and was steered under full sail into the Dec channel. Xo sign of the boat could be seen in the rough sea, and it was thought that the La Marguerite and the St. Elvies which had crossed from Liverpool to Llandudno nught have picked it up. Tele phone messages were sent to Llandudno, iiutjstoi" fob! them about money paid io post-both captains replied that they had teen:1"0", though he gave the court a list of the nothing. In the meantime for two hours the Rhyl lifeboat cruised five miles from shore up .ind down channel without catching sight of the boat. Eventually the lookout saw a speck on the top of the waves seven miles from shore. As a last hope Coxwain Hughes turned the boat in if direction. Then the lookout discerned a figure waving- something white. After a hard pull the lifeboat ran alongside the small punt, which was filled with water, and quickly pulled Jones into safety. An attempt was made to secure the punt, but, it was sinking fast and was abandoned. It disappeared from view eight minutes after Jones was rescued. The Rhyl crew had a stiff pull to shore against wind and tide. The shore was thronged with people, who gave the crew a rousing cheer as the rescued man was carried ashore to the boathouse. Jones, who is about thirty-five years of age, said he went out from Prestatyn in his punt to attend to bathers and was carried from tho shore on the ebb tide. The 6ea was rough and he lost an oar. He signalled the shore for another boat, and saw it launched and o back half full of water. Finding that ho was being rapidly carried out to sea and that his boat was taking in water, he started baling it out with his hat. He was out in the channel for three hours, but tSe waves were too high for him to be able to attract the attention of the Liverpool 6teamers. He saw the Rhvl lifeboat sail and waved his hat in the intervals of baling out the water. Then his hat was blown away and he waved his handkerchief, this being the signal seen from the lifebott. He was profuse in his thanks to the crew for searching for and rescuing him. While the police telephoned the news of the rescue to Prestatyn Mr. Jones was attended to in the boathouse and was afterwards sent homo in a' taxicab to his anxious friends. Great enthusiasm prevailed on Rhyl sands at the rescue, and a visitor collected a considerable sum for the crew. The Rhyl lifeboat is the only tubular boat in the kingdom, and was specially built for the shallow waters off Rhyl. It has a good service record. THAWS COUNSEL AND A WRIT IN RESERVE. (JRepter's Correspondents.) Concord (Xew Hampshire), Sattrdat. The United Stites Court has granted tho petition of Sir. Thaw's counsel for a writ of hnhras corpus to be returnable at Littleton on Tuesday morning. It is understood that the proceedings in the Federal Court will "head off" the extradition of Sir. Thaw, with the result that tho case may be taken by appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States. Coi.ebrook, Saturday. Sir. Thaw's counsel explain that the application for n. writ, of Itahrns rnrnii o. rtnii..! was an emergency measure, and it is intended that the writ shall bo used in tho event of the Governor of the State refusing to grant a full hearing of tho question of extradition. Tlmy say they may not have to force the writ at all. DURHAM COLLIERY MISHAP. SHAFT vSTKF.L HURLED THROUGH ROOI- 200 YARDS FROM THE PIT. Easington Colliery, East Durham, was the s?ti6 o:i Saturday morning of an alarminjr accident, when an empty cage fell 1.400 feet down the south pit shaft. The cage, which was constructed of steel to hold 90 men, weighed eight tons. A new steel winding rope,' also weighing eight tons, wag put in the shaft on Tuesday last, and, as usually happens with a new rope, it stretched a little after the first few days' use. It became necessary to shorten it. and this was being done by the engineering staff on Saturday morning, at a time when the ordinary wort of coal-getting was suspended for the week-end. One of the two cages in the shaft was lowered to the bottom and the other was raised to the top. The rope was detached fronXhe cage at tho bottom, and the cage at the top, with the rope still attached, was being gently lowered a few inches, wnen somenow ii got, oui oi control and dashed down tlie shaft at a terrific speed. The two men in the engine-house at once shut off the steam and put cn tho brakes, but it was impossible to check .the descent. When the cage jeached the bottom cf the shaft it went clean through a platform composed of timber 18 inches thiik, and disappeared into the sump hole below, where the water from the workings ia drained As the cage was descending, the rope, which had been detached from the stationary cage, ! snot upwaras. m -tne men m tne engine-house, after doing all they could, ran for their lives. When the rope reached the surface it leapt into the air, and the metal shackle at the end ot it was whirled around the pulley wheel and against the pulley frame, cutting right through the steel girder work and crashing through the roof of the engine-house. The roof was virtually demolished and the engine badly damaged. Portions of the steel pulley frames were hnrlod through the air. One piece, weighing about J 14 pounds, -rtruek the roof of a dwelline-house : 200 yards away, cut clean through the slates ! and the ceiling, and then went diagonally across the room, landing on a bed about two . inches from a sleeping youth. Two of his! brothers, who were sleeping in another bed in ' the room, were covered with plaster. It is feared that the south pit will be idle for some time until the necessary repairs can 'Jtg carried out to engine and house, KECKLACE MYSTERY. ONCE WHEN THE PEARLS WERE PRODUCED. OWNER AND THEIR GREAT VALUE. The great necklace case at the Old Badey was continued on Saturday, and, from a chance remark by Mr. Muir. seems hkeiy :o continue till the end of next week. rco:-.!-ing to Mr. Max Mayer, the owner, the soiling value of the neckkwe wp 135.000. am: it would take ten years, ho added toclitigh. to collect pearls for tuch another. Mi-. Mayer was the last witness on Saturday, and canio after two of bis onimi.sionaiio. n-hn described the care taken of the jew-l Ivx ,.n its receipt from Paris until Mr. Slaver opened it and found the lamps of biigar. The first witness to no in the box when the nvo prisoners had t:ik.-n ViiV i,, ,i.. dock was Hrandstaater- the cousin of tho pri- soner Gutwirth. with whom he oncnod th.. negotiations by which it was hoped to recover the pearls and t. entrap the prisoners. Much of his evidence was a repetition of that given by Quadranstein, the young jeweller he called in to help him in this extremely delicate attair. I3randstater was able " to ssy that hoi saw the precious necklace produced at one of tho many nicotines, but lu pvo no further glimpse into the inystorv 0f how tho necklace was stolen. Brandstater did not even seem to have a clear recollection of what the prisoners, according to Oundran. large amounts which thev said the affair had cost them. Brandstaater, giving evidence, said a lfttet was written in Yiddish to Gutwirth on Sunday. August 17, and sent to his (the witness's) wife so that she could send it from Paris. The letter said ho bad spoken to the buyer, who had found that the three pearls thev wore negotiating for belonged to the neckline, but that he did not believe that they had tho whole string. Quadratstein brought the reply to the letter from Gutwirth. On the 21st he (tho wit ness) saw Gutwirth and Silverman at tho First Avenue Hotel, and afterwards Mr. Spauier. He saw Spanier again on August 25 in the reading- room of tho hotel. Counsel: Did you see Mr. Spanier in any other part of the hotel on that day? Yes, in my room. Who was there? My cousin, Silverman, Griz-zard, Mr. Spanier, and myself. What was done on that occasion? Mr. Spanier bought the two pearls. Are they tho two pearls you have seen in court? Yes. Did you see any other pearls on that occasion ? Yes. What other pearls did you see? The whole of the necklace, two drops, and a single pearl. In whose possession were those pearls? At the beginning they were in the possession of Grizzard, and he then handed them to Silverman. At the end of the interview, who took the pearls away? Grizzard. Grizzard and Silverman left the room first. Expenses and Commission. On the Wednesday following, August 27, h (the witness) saw Gutwirth and Silverman at the First Avenue Hotel. The buyer, Mr, Spanier, was also there. Did you see whether the buyer had any money with him ? Yes. Were any of the prisoners present at the timet Yes, Silverman. How did you see that the buyer had some money with him? Ha showed Silverman and the rest of us he had 200,000 franca in one pocket and 200,000 francs in another. With that Silverman left the hotel. Did he say why he left the hotel? Yes, ha said he would go to see his people. Did he say how long he would be away ? He said five or ten minutes. How long was he absent? About forty minutes. Did you notice anything about Gutwirth's demeanour when you saw him ? Yes. What was it? He was pale, as if he had re ceived a shock. He said Grizzard had seen a few detectives from Scotland Yard. Gutwiub had with him five thousand francs in notes. He' said perhaps he would bo caught, then 1 should say I had given him the money. On the 27th August he (the witness) had a con versation with Silverman in the bedroom uf his hotel. Silverman said that Grizzard had seen detectives from Scotland Yard, and that mey snouia return noma ana come back in a month's, time. The witness said that on August 29 he moved from tho First Avenue Hotel to the Inns ot Court Hotel, where lie went under the nam of Dubois. His cousin and he went under tin: same name. Gutwith ca:iie to the hotel on the day they moved there and they had a coi.-versation. They told Gutwirth that the bu-.r was very annoyed about the delay in bringing the purchase to a settlement especially as at that time he had an Indian buyer. If he Ithe buyer) could not get them now he would be compelled to keep them for a few years. Was anything said about commission? We promised Gutwirth. the sum of 3,000 if the business could bo completed then, instead of 2,000 previously promised. Gr.twith, the witness stated, said lie believed that a brother-in-law of Lockett's had the necklace. There were two interviews in the garden behind the hotel, one with Silverman and one with Gutwirth. He saw Gutwirth aft-the hotel on Saturday, the 30th, and it was then that Gutwirth said he believed that a brother-in-law of Lockett's had the necklace. Did Gutwirth say anything about the co3t to hirn end his friendi of getting the necklace? Yes. What did he aay about it? He eaid they had expenses of 200, 4!30. 800. and 1,000. Did he say how the money was expended? No. Mr. Muir repeated the question in another form. linking : " Did Gutwirth, when he snoka of the expenses of 200, 400, 800, and 1,000, say to w.iom any pan oi that money had gone? " The witness at first replied in the negative, but after a moment's thought he added : " Gutwith said something about postal officials, but I do not remember exactly what it was or how it was. At the conclusion of Mr. Brandstaater's evidence, Mr. Muir said that he would probably call Mr. Spanier (the buyer) on Thursday. By that time, -he added, the case would pron-ably be near its completion. The commissionaire on Mr. Max Mayer's premises then gave evidence about the receipts of the jewel box and locking it in the safe, and Mr Mayer himself went into the witness-box. Mr. Mayer and the Value of the Pearls. Mr. Mayer described how he sent the necklace to Mr. Salamon, his Paris agent, on June 19 and had it returned the following month. " On the morning of the 16th of July," he con tinued, " I found the parcel on my arrival at the office. It had not been opened Two of my clerks opened the parcel in my presence, and my attention was first called to the oontenta by one of my clerks. The lid was broken and th box contained several cubes at French sugar and a dirty piece of a French newspaper. Then. were no pearls in the box, and the case whioh bad been specially made lot the necklace VU empty. The sugar was the kind whiclr- is generally available in French cafes. Mi. Mayer went OH 0 sax. that he communi-

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