The Observer from London, Greater London, England on October 4, 1846 · 2
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The Observer from London, Greater London, England · 2

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Sunday, October 4, 1846
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THE OBSERVER, OCTOBER 4. 1846. OFFICIAL ACCOUNT OF THE BRITISH NAVAL OPERATIONS AT BORNEO. . Despatches were receiveJ at; the Admiralty on Monday, from his Excellency Rear-AdmiraJ Sir Thomas Cochrane, C.B., addressed to the Secretary of the Admiralty. Among the.numher of those received, the despatch under the signature of G. Rodney Mundy, captain of H.M.S. Iris, and commanding officer of the expedition, affords a complete statrment of the two fortier excursions into the interior by the English naval and military detachments, in pursuit of the Sultan. .The last expedition had occupied six days in its performance, and the results r the excursions had been, the discovery of large bouses, or fortified spots, at the three successive villages of Kabirun Battoo, Mallont, and Tanjong. The last place had been quitted the day before by the Saltan, who was accompanied by Hadji Assim, one of our principal enemies. The Sultan was said to have 500 men with him, which some of the native guides reduced to 300. The double expedition then returned to Borneo, having burnt the nouses belonging to the Sultan, and possessed themselves of some valuable property left behind in the houses, us also of six cannons left unmounted on an eminence. The date of these circumstances was July 19. The events that have occurred at Borneo to enforce the proceedings of the British against the Sultan, are the repeated acts of piracy on the part of Seriff Housman and other cbiefB of those parts, as also the in-traction on the part of the Sultan of the treaty entered into by him and Muda Hassim with the Queen of Great Britain. The cause of this sudden change of conduct on the part of the Sultan (who is a very weak as well as ill-conditioned character) was the fate that had attended . Pangeran Usop, whom, Sir Thomas Cochrane, at the Sultan's request, last year, attacked and drove from the city, and who was subsequently taken and put to death by Bedndeen, in consequence of an attack he made upon it after Sir Thomas Cocbraiie's departure. It would appear that the Sultan's reputed son, a man of worthless character, Pangeran Hassim, had married TJsop's daughter, and, partaking of his father-in-law's hostility to the English, and disposition to piracy, as well as deeply resenting his fall, and exercising the very great influence he had over the mind of the Sultan, he, in conjunction wifc a very clever and artful man, named Hadji Samoad, at last brought his highness to consent to a very terrible deed of revenge ; which was to massacree Raja Muda Hassim, one of his sons, Panjeran Bedurudeen, seven brothers, one sister, and other relations, and about a similar number of other persons who were pnt to death at the same time. Subsequently, two of the remaining princes were sacrificed, upon it being ascertained that the person named Japper, in whom he confided, had fled to the British, leaving in existence of that bereaved family only two brothers, and the son and heir of the Raja, who ware protected by the most powerful remaining Pangeran, named Moumein, woo although son-in-law of the Sultan, disapproved of the deed, but confined his interference to the protection of those parties. As soon at this crime had been committed, the Sultan began to place the river and city in the state of defence in which it was found and attacked by the British: , The circumstances which occurred on July the 9th, compelled the Sultan to evacuate the city of Brune, defended by the batteries of five runs on the isle of Cherimon, four guns on Pulo Coin Arrang, and the five forts of Pulo Bungore. Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Cochrane, who was accompanied by Mr. Brooke, and the ships Spiteful, Hazard, Royalist, and Phlegethon, gives the subjoined account in his despatch of the successful operations on the forts of Pulo Bungore. Spiteful, off the City of Brurie, Borneo Proper, July 9, 1816. On approaching Pulo Bungore five forts opened to view, admirably placed for denying a passage beyond them ; two were erected on our right hand, one on the left shore over the narrow formed by Pulo Bungore and the main, and the largest of the whole on the side of a hill, elevated about one hundred feet (immediately in front of the narrows), and which sandbanks compels you to stand directly for, and to pass within from seventy to eighty yards ; the fifth battery was further up the river on the same side. Shortly after we were discovered, the fifth battery fired a gun, and mithin a few minutes the largest hoisted a flag, which Mr. Brooke informed me was the flag of our friend, Muda Hassin, who had been murdered ; and we were in doubt whether, this was not intended as an intimation that we should be received as friends ; we were not, however, -left long in suspense upon this subject, as the moment the Phlegethon lad passed the narrows, the battery commenced a spirited fire, which was promptly returned. Tbe gun-boats, commanded by Captain Mundy, of the Iris, and assisted by Lieutenant G. E. Patey, first lieutenant of the Agincourt; with rapidity cast off from the steamer, formed in a line, and opened their fire, and so soon as the enemy's fire had slackened, pushed for the shore, and gallantly mounted the s'eep ascent to the fort, but from whence the garrison retreated precipitately, leaving the Sultan's flag to be hauled down by the assailants. Having given the people their dinners, I again weighed, and no sooner did the snips open the point, than the batteries commenced a sharp and well directed fire, and at the same time a play of musketry from the woods on our right, and to which the Spiteful was obliged to submit without retaliation. The critical situation in which she was placed (with the beach but a few yards beyond her paddle-boxes, the Royalist in tow, and the boats filled with the whole of the landing force), re-auired the 'utmost silence and attention to prevent the whole being thrown oh shore. But the Phlegethon very promptly returned the fire from her own guns, which, with the battery of field pieces placed round her bowB, and the admirable fire from the brigade of rockets planted upon her bridge (both field pieces sod rockets under the immediate command of Lieutenant Painter), together with the now rapid progress of the whole force directly up the river, so astonished and dismayed the enemy, that they fled before the steamers could reach their works, or the storming party carry out the service intended for it. As quickly as possible tbe landing was effected, and the marines, under Captain Bawkiris, took possession of the heights which command the town. The battery, jttur d'eau, was found to consist of eight brass and two iron guns, from sixty-eight to nine pounders, as more particularly detailed in the accompanying schedule. The one upon the heights immediately above it, of four guns, nine and six pounders, and four more upon another height commanding the latter, and a hundred yards in the rear of it ; the whole are now in course of embarkation. I much regret to add , that this service was not accomplished without loss, two men being killed and seven wounded ; and the Phlegethon received several shot through her hul!, and other damages in her paddle-box, cooking boilers, &c., and which are now incourse of repair. . So soon as the preliminary arrangements v ere made for the security cf the city, I despatched Cap tain Shindy with the gun-boats to destroy the five forts we tiud p--sed. raid which he' effected the same evening, having disabled sever.leen iron and brought away three brass guns. The Sultan has fled into the interior with a large body of men and many guns. I am now preparing a force to send iu pursuit of him, as loon as I baTe accurate information of his place of retreat. Thomas Cochrane. Rear-Admiral and Commander-in-Chief. To his Excellency Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Cochrane, C.B. Honourable Company's steam vessel Phlegethon, off City of Borneo, July 19, 1846. Sir: I have to acquaint your excellency, that on the morning of the 10th instant I moved up the river Borneo with the force which you did me the honour to place under my command, the strength of which, including the gun-boat division, 1 herewith annex. - Having understood from your excellency that it was the intention of Mr. Brooke, to accompany the expedition, tbe .main object of which, is to endeavour to penetrate into the interior as far as the village of Da-muan, diutant about thirty miles from this city, where it wns reported the Sultan had fixed his head-quarters, and with abody of 500 men was determined to make a stand, I consulted her Majesty's agent as to the best mode of carrying out your orders ; and he coinciding in my opinion, that as rapid a march, as possible should be made towards the Damuan district, I decided on carrying this plan into effect as soon cs we could discover a place of disembarkation. As your excellency accompanied tbe expedition ten miles up the river, 1 shall commence my report from that time. The boats, nineteen in number, containing nearly 500 men, on parting company with your excellency, at ten a.m., continued to ascend the river for half a mile, when they turned abruptly into a small creek on tbe left bank, which the native guides assured Mr. Brooke led to a village called Kabirun Battoo, where Hadji Assim, an adopted son of the Saltan, and one of the principal enemies of civilisation, had retreated the day before the capture, of the city. After paddling and tracking the boats for three hours through intricate windings, with mangrove swamps on either hand, aud overhanging trees level with the water's edge, affording constant work for our pioneers, and, owing to the rapid current, nresenting considerable difficulty to the advance, particularly of the paddle-box boats laden with the detachment of the Royal Marines, we finally gained a landing place, the depth of water admitting the division of boats of the greatest draught to maintain their stations. Having disembarked the party, we commenced our march without loss f time ; a body of marines, forty strong, under the orders of Lieutenant Alexander, R.M.A., and a detachment of pioneers, advancing through tbe jungle in Indian files, about a hundred yards in advance of the main body, Mr. Brooke, myself, and two guides accompanying the former. After a walk of twenty minutes, to our great surprise, the guides informed us that on emerging from the jungle we should be be close on the village of Kabirun Battoo. This report we found correct ; and having gained tbe open ground, 1 threw out flanking parties to the right and left, and surrounded the principal mansion a building of considerable size, erected on piles, according to the Dyak fashion. It turned out to be deserted by the owners, but was full of valuable property, securea in massive chests ; also armB, ammunition, &c, both for great guns and small arms, and Beveral tin cases of fine English powder ; and a villager, who was subsequently brought in, confirmed tbe deposition of our guide that the whole property belonged to Hadji Assim, who, two days previously, on a requisition from the Sultan, had joined his highness at Damuan. Our Kadyan prisoner, after some persuasion, next informed U3 that there was a battery in course of erection close at hand, in the jungle, for the protection of the causeway leading to the house. I therefore ordered Lieutenant Matthews, commanding the B&amen, small arm men of the Iris and Royalist, to reconnoitre with one of our guides ; and he shortly returned with the report that six pieces of brass ordnance, of considerable dimensions, were raised on n adjoining eminence in readiness for mounting, and that they completely commanded the path from our place of landing ; these I took possession of, and delivered over to the charge of Lieutenant Patey, who, with a party from the gun boats, was ordered to guard the village, and hold it for the main body of the expedition to fall back on. At three p.m. we eomcuenced our march from Kabirun towards Damuan, the rain falling heavily, and before the rear-guard had cleared the village we entered a mi'rshy swamp, having apparently a broad buf-- falo path, through which wv moved on knee-deep in mud. As we slowly advanced the swamp gradually deepened, the men were occasionally up to their middle in water floundering in the mud, and with difficulty Keeping their ammunition dry after struggling for an hour against such an unpromising road, and seeing in the distance no prospect of rising Sound, moreover, having in the; mean time learnt from the natives that amuan would be easier got at by returning to Borneo and ascending another creek, and being otherwis e suspicious of our guides, I informed Mr. Brooke of my determination not to proceed further, as I considered ,it, under all the circumstances" of bur position, in an unknown country, and amongst hostile tribes,-impident to attempt a further advance. I consequently ordered a: retreat o." Kab.inm, where we bivouacked for the night amoi musmrtbes and tffirrenW of rain. Tne following morning (July IJthY t$e eifediuon was again in movement at an early hoar iS two diritforWV""1 ,the nen under Lieut. &A(bK reached a !llafca ef W hurs march, when, find- - ""J" :aSe "J?. tfZL the rain of the previous inz the pathway eren more inaccessibly irom t . p. to !Un night, Mid the guide constant m fteirsUtee.:. lsoms parts, passages thatDamuau was yet six hours distant with, u . M hopes of over a country breast-high In water, I relnctantl convinced that reaching the Sultan's retreat by this route, be. . and from thence my proper course was to fall back upon head-quarterv ht replenish to retrSce our steps ..to the ships, .ltSd-uy. approve of provisions,' and make a fresh start, jhould our i,on destroyed the plan. I informed Mr. Brooke of my .dectaoth ,and Jf-j S theagarines, ammunition, and property belongmg to & f . and. coareyedthe brass ordnance, wmon were "riag clear beauty, into the boats, I re-embarked, at one p.m. , ""JS"-c in the of thei'creek, I bad the P' V7be '.Uowed to express .the main branch of Jfh? river ; and I 3 Tit Brooke's information obtained at Kabirun receive further confirmation. On our arrival at the capital, tbe result of tbe inquiries made on tie subject were so decidedly favourable as to induce Mr. Brooke to request thht ,vour excellenry would give directions for the expeditionary force to make a second attempt by the new route ; and having received your orders to this effect; I started again from Brune at 6-30 a.m. on the 13th, giving the people tbe previous day ( Sunday) to rest, The detachment of marines carried sixty rounds in thmr cartouche boxes, the small arm party thirty rounds, with a , hundred rounds of spare ammunition for each bayonet in the boats. Pour days provisions were issued to each man.'two being ready cooked and earned in their, haversacks. ,. On leaving the city, instead of proceeding several miles up the river, as on the former occasion, we took the first large branch on the left bank, not a mile diBtant from the shipping, and continued ascending that stream in a south-westerly direction, with occasionally only four feet at low water, till noon, when we entered the Damuan river, and half an hour afterwards pushed into a creek of a similar character to that leading to Kabirun, but more difficult of. access, as was proved by the launch being unable to make any progess. At one p.m. the leading and smaller boats effected a landing.at a place which, we ?re informed by some natives taken from their canoes, was called Palihough, and that a road led from thence direct to Damuan, distant a march of twelve hours.. A closer inspection, however, showed us that a morass, rendered impassable by the continued heavy rain of the last week, lay between us and the higher jungle ground. At this unpleasant juncture of affairs Mr. Brooke was assured that, by retracing our steps into the Damuan river, and then ascending it for a few miles, we should find another creek leading to thevillage of Malbout, which village was on tbe road to Damuan, and through which the force must have passed had it been able to prosecute the journey by land from Palihough. Our boats were accordingly . retrackea to the creek's entrance, and then moved up the Damuan river, in itself so confined at this part as to preclude our. advance without the constant aid of our pioneers, who, in three cutters ahead, under that efficient officer. Lieutenant Heath, cleared the passage. At three p.m. we entered the second creek, which was even more intricate than the last ; and finally, at 4:30, after being ten hours at the paddles, we reached the edge of a swamp, which our guides informed us was the quay of Malbout. I may here be allowed to express my great disappointment at such a termination to the maritime part of our expedition, and also to confess that I felt very great doubts as to the fidelity of our guides. The country, so far as the eve could trace, was one sheet of water, terminating in a jungle, the nearest angle of which might be a quarter of a mile distant. To this point I determined to direct our stepB ; and, accompanied by Mr. Brooke, with a guard of 40 marines under Lieutenant Mansell, and by Lieutenant Vansittant, whom yon kindly allowed to act aB my aide-de-camp, we pushed on rapidly in the hope of discovering firm ground for the force to encamp on. The marsh as usual was knee deep, but on entering the jungle we discovered a tolerable path with a gentle riBe, and half an hour's walk brought us to the pro-.mised village, which, with the exception of a few individuals, was entirely abandoned. I despatched Lieutenant Vansittart to the boots to desire that the marines and the seamen of the marching party should be landed forthwith, and endeavour to get up before dark, leaving such of the gunboats as had been able to penetrate the labyrinth of the creek to guard the provisions and spare ammunition. At this time the rain fell heavily, but the bouses were fortunately waterproof ; and being,, moreover, built on piles, moderate shelter was afforded to the detachments aa they arrived ; and by seven p.m. all the force was collected, and I received a report from Lieut. Patey that the gunboat division was all right. . Having detained some of tbe natives with a promise that their property should he protected if they would guide us to the Sultan's retreat, we enlisted three into our service, who appeared desirous of accepting the terms. These men assured Mr. Brooke that the Sultan, with a large body guard, had passed up the river Damuan a week ago, and that he had blocked up the passage after him. I observed, however, that as we advanced the number 01 tbe Sultan's fighting men, as given by the guides, was rapidly diminishing, and, instead of five hundred, they were now reduced to half. From the time occupied, and rate of progress, I imagine that at this place (Malbout) we were about twenty miles in a south-westerly direction from the capital, and amidst a race called Kadyans ; they seemed a quiet, inoffensive people, and far less savage in appearance' than the Dyaks at Kanowitt. The rain continued incessant till five a.m. on the next morning, the 14th, when it cleared up. My plans were arranged for commencing the march into the interior at daylight, but the waters had risen so much on the lower ground during the night as to render access to the landing place a difficult operation, and it was six a.m. before Lieutenant Dunbar arrived with his detachment of bine jackets, which I ordered to garrison the village during our absence. In order to test the fidelity of our guides, Mr. Brooke requested that they might be perfectly free during the night, and as they were still in the camp at daylight, we commenced our march with much confidence. On quitting the village, half an hour's march brought us to the termination of the jungle, and here we once more entered on a swampy flat of long grass, breast high, the beaten track through it being everywhere from two to three feet deepwater and mud hut the depth being uni-. form, and large forest trees in view on the opposite side, our whole force bad passed over in three quarters of an hour, and a mile's tramp in tne jungle brought ns to tne village or .1 among, wnere we louna a white flag suspended from the roof of the largest building, but the women and children, and the greater part of the inhabitants hod fled. Here we learnt that all these spots of higher and cultivated land were termed islands by the natives ; they were covered with fruit and cocoa-nut trees, and many shrubs and creepers of great freshness and beauty, and the general character of the country , as we advanced, improved. Rhrf rous orders had been given to respect the property as we passed through the different villages, which was well observed, and we continued our march alternately through swamp and jungle, blazing the paths in every direction to secure our distinguishing, the road back, should the guides desert us. At 10:30 we came suddenly upon a much larger building than any we had hitherto seen, erected close to a running stream, at the foot of a high and well wooded bank. The house was evidently new, and on examination found to have been lately inhabited. A strict search for arms and ammunition was instituted, and two shields were shortly discovered, the largest of which, five feet long, ornamented with gilt, and having an imperial crown on me top, supported bv two iious (not badlv executed), was immediately recognised by Mr. Brooke as belonging to the Sultan, tbe swordbearer having carried it before him at the reception given lust yar at the capital. The usual quantity of arms, &c., were found, and several mats of great beauty, about thirty feet in length and ten teet wide, with furniture to corresnond. the whole arrangement of the interior giving evi dence that the Sultan had lately been a tenant, with the Pangerans who accompanied him in hi flight. Observing that no injury was done to nrivate urouertv several of the natives here ioined us. offering their ser vices as guides, and assuring Mr. Brooke that, the Sultan had only moved arross the river, about two miles distant, to another house more difficult of access to an enemy. We, accordingly, pushed on without loss of time, once more buoyed un with the hone that the Sultan had determined to make a stand. On arriving at the river, which was there about thirty yards wide, we found ihe bridge three feet under water, aud owing to the strength of tbe stream quite impassable ; tne pioneers commenced at once to cue down the largest trees, which were close to the water's edge, and three of them falling at the same time directly across to the opposite bank, a compact bridge was soon formed and well knitted together by the creepers.' In executing this service, which was specially under the charge of Lieut, rleath, 1 remarked trie exertions ot Mr. aimpson, chief officer ot the Phlegethon, whose J avanese were most useful. I mav also mention that, on ray calling for volunteers, Edward Bur- chatt, carpenter's crew of the Iris, swam the river, with his heavy axe in his hand, at the great risk of his life ; John Martin, carpenter's mate cf the Iris ; Alexander Lucas, C.C.. of the Agincourt, and the artificers and pioneers of all the ships worked heartily. Un crossing the river, our march wa3 continued amidst a swampy jungle, with thicker underwood than we bad Dreviouslv experienced ; but our guides pointing to some cocoa nut and palm trees in the distance, informedustt at amongst them we should discover tbe sultan s retreat ; just uetore reaching this secluded spot, tbe natives rusued into tbe busb, and our whole party advanced, and on gaining the open country we found ourselves directly in face of a large and isolated building, standing op poles, with a rivulet ten fret broad passing in its rear, and tbe whole country round completely flooded. A glance at the desolate appearance of the place showed us at once that no enemy was there to oppose us. it had been evacuated probably the day before by the Sultan and his followers ; magazines of powder, ammunition for guns of different calibre, and cartridges admirably made for musketry, were found in considerable quan tity, and one brass swivel gun of small dimensions ; but the greater part of the valuable property had been carried off. Having destroyed the powder and well reconnoitred the swamp and jungle around, I directed Lieutenant Heath to expend hii damp rockets on the building, which was then fired and burnt to the water's edge ; which service concluded, we recrossed the river with our whole force, and after a march of seven hours from leaving Malbout, encamped on the rising ground by tbe new house, in which was found the Sultan's shield. The rain had set in as usual in torrents at three p.m., and there being only shelter for half the force, the remainder bivouacked under bamboo sheds erected by themselves; during the -whole night there was no cessation of the fain, no wind, and myriads of mosquitoes. On the next morning, Wednesday, July lb, we commenced our march at an eariv hour to return to Malbout, a decision which Mr. Brooke and myself had come to in consequence of the whole of our guides who were acquainted with this part of the country having left us, and it was therefore impossible to obtain further intelligence of the Sultan's movements. As the rear-guard passed out into the swamp the Sultan's house was fired, and, with the adjoining buildings and all the propertv, burnt to the ground. Passing through Tanjong we reached Malbout in the afternoon, where I found Lieut. Dunbar and party. The water in the creek had fallen between three and four feet, and the launch with the other gun-boats bad dropied out into the river. As it was too late in the day to insure the embarkation of the force before dark, we bivouaked at Malbout for the night, and at four the following morning, the ISth, were in movement for the beach. The embarkation occupied three hours, the large boats being two miles from our first place of landing, and the swamp was now nearly dry across. We reached the main stream without difficulty, and I had again the pleasure of meeting your excellency coming up to look after us, and of reporting to you that though the Sultan bad eluded us, we liad this time effected our march on Damuan, and that every man of the party had returned in safety, and very few cases ot sickness. I have much satisfaction in acquainting your excellency with the uniform good conduct of all the officers, petty officers, seamen, and marines under my command. During tbe six days occupied in the double expedition, I had no complaint of straggling or misconduct, and though the enemy offered no opposition to our advance, I hope I may be excused for bearing testimony to the cheerfulness of all under the discouraging circumstances of continued marching in jungle and swamps, knee-deep, with heavy rain during the whole period, constantly wet to the skin, and rest at night impossible. T was much indebted to Captain Hawkins, commanding the detachment of the Royal Marines, for his exertions during the march, and to Lieutenants Matthew, Heath, and Newiand, who commanded divisions of seamen, and to Lieutenant Vansittart, my aide-de-camp. Mr. Reeves and Mr. Quin, mates of the Agincourt and Royalist, were attentive to their duties. 1 was highly satisfied with the zeal and intelligence of Lieutenant Patey, in immediate command of the gun-boats ; and he was cheerfully assisted by Lieutenants Norcock, Dunbar, and Morgan, and bv Mr. Loane and Mr. Sullivan, second masters of the Agincourt and Iris". Mr. Brooke, throughout the march, showed the greatest anxietv to spare tbe houses and property unconnected with the Sultan. I have the honour to enclose a return of the ordnance captured. I have the hoqour, &c., G. Rodnby Muxny. Captain of ber Majesty's ship Iris, and Commanding Officer. Increase of the Stipbkdi art Magistracy. The Irish Government have determined upon appointing six additional stipendiary magistrates, whose services will, no doubt, be fully required throughout the ensuing season. -The names of the fortunate gentlemen are, Mr. Miller (son of Lieutenant-Colonel Miller, one of the Inspectors-General-of Constabulary), Mr. O'Brien, Mr. Arabm, Mr. Ffnawh, Mr. Plunket (of the constabulary), and Mr. Birminyham. . . 1 IRELAND. FOOD RIOTS IN DUNGARVON Fl RING BY THE MILITARY-SEVERAL OF THE PEASANTRY, KILLED AND WOUVDED. MOVEMENTS OF THEPEASANTRY; IN CORK, YOUGHAL, MALLOW, AND NENAGH MEASCRE8 OF RELIEF. J ' ' Riotous moverpents have 'taken place in the leading towns of Water-ford, Cork, and North Tipperary, consisting in the appearance of. large bodies of the peasantry, in numbers of between two and three hundred , marching to the commissariat depots, and making applications for food. In the county of Waterford, at Dungaryon, the most alarming circumstance has been an outbreak in which the interference of . the military, caused the death of two persons, and several were wounded. The numbers in this case amounted to twelve thousand, who attacked the bakers'' shops', and menaced the stores of the merchants when charged by the dragoons. As far as can be learned the riots in this last place, as also the movements in other districts, are attributable to discontent amongst the peasantry as to the amount of wages on the public works no definite sum having been fixed as yet. In the first instance eightpence a day was offered, but the people refused that rate as utterly insufficient. Tenpence was then offered, but also refused. In the course of Wednesday a written paper was handed by the people to the magistrates, requiring that their wages should be one shilling per day, and that they should be supplied witb Indian meal at a corresponding price by the stone, to enable them to give sustenance to their families. . It was con-siderea-tbat if those terms were complied with, tbere would be no further disturbances. Ddngarvon, Tuesday. On this day vast numbers of people, to the amount of eleven or.twelve thousand, marched in here from the surrounding country, and proceeded to" attack .bakers' shops, from which they took quantities of bread. The mob were about to attack the stores of merchants and others, bat, fortunately, a troop of dragoons, which had been ordered io consequence of the apprehension of riots, arrived from Kilmacthomas, and, with the co-operation of the military force already here, prevented further depredations. In the afternoon, bow-ever, in the dusk of the; evening, some of the populace commenced throwing stones, and the dragoons had to charge them repeatedly. The people, however, still continued throwing stones, and the state of affairs began to look very serious. The dragoons were then ordered to fire ; and it is stated about twenty shots were discharged. Two men were seriously wounded. They are still living j but several others, it is feared, were wounded more or less severely amongst the crowd, who fled subsequently to the firing.' The town has been since perfectly free from disturbance ; but dreadful alarm and excitement prevail amongst all classes here. It was owing to the commendable forbearance of the military that much more disastrous results did not ensue. The ship-mnir nf irrain from this rjort to Liverpool had been suspended, owing. to reports that the fishing boats would prevent any vessels from exporting 100a ; out one 01 uie mcfCDnuu uauuui iu uupaivuu TeB&ei witu wueai. Mallow. Mon da y. A bod v of men. in number nearly five hund red. mnrnhed throueh this town about an hour and a half since, on their wit to the workhouse. I accompanied Mr. Winn, P.L.G.. and Mr. Robert Barry, clerk of the union (says Mr. R. Barnett Barry, Chairman of Town commissioners; tOtne womaouse. me. luunu, on our arrival, tne master endeavouring to appease the poor creatures, who were divided into sections scaling the inner walls. Mr. Winn stood on the wall and said, " What do you want ?" The answer was, " We want something .. , m ,,v;nff " ATr Winn . ' 1 Vflll h nil aft nlnHr tn Mf on which the poor fellows gave a hearty round of cheers. Mr. Winrt : " Where do you come from ?" Answer: una voce, " From Rahan." Mr. Winn, the' clerk, the master, the schoolmaster, the norter. and myself, then assisted in taking down the names of the parties, their age, and place of residence. There were only nine from Mallow. One poor man named Batt Too my, of BallinvuBkig, declared to me in the most solemn manner that for three weeks he lived on a drop of sour milk, and had not half a stone of black potatoes for that time. I asked him where he got the milk ? He told me that his wife begged it in Mallow, a distance of nearly three miles. Another man, Leahy, said that the Board oi Works commenced operations this day in Rahan, and that they only employed forty men at sevenpence per day! Good God, is sevenpence fer day sufficient to feed a family of seven or eight individuals, while ndian meal is Is. 9d. per stone ? Alas 1 but. they are Irish. As we were returning from tbe workhouse we met several persons going thereto. One vfirv respectable woman addressed me thus : " Mr. Barrv. mv hus band has been idle (he is a tradesman) these seven weeks ; I have five children, and we have not a bit to eat. . Mr. Winn desired ber to go up to the workhouse, and that she would get something there. She cried with joy, and ran off as fast as she could. I have known her for nearly twenty years, and the times are indeed pinching when she has occasion to go to the workhouse for ber breakfast. At the workhouse to-day, I understand that there were over 300 . additional applicants, making in all about 700. Some cot lib of bread each, and as a sufficient ouantitv of bread was not in the house, the others got stirabout. In the evening, about 300 went for dinner, but got none; they went away quietly. A person who was nresent said to me. " It was heart-rending to see the poor fellows fainting."- It is expected that a much larger number will visit the workhouse to-morrow. "Lord John Russell" concludes the writer of this statement, " is now on his trial before the country, and as a general election is near he had better look sharp, and not insult the Irish people by doling out paltry wages to a starving multitude." Cork. Between Cork and Yougbal much excitement prevailed among the populace. - On Saturday night a stack of corn, the property of a farmer named Neal, tenant to Mr. Rowland Jackson, at Ballvvo- dock, was set on fire and nearly consumed, and a threatening notice of a most violent character a copy ot wnicn was snown to us by on influential gentleman, wbo got it from the police was posted in the village of Carrigtwohill on Sunday night. Much alarm and anxiety is felt there and at Middletoa, unless the wants of the people are speedily provided for. " Some idea may be had of the great distress and destitution of the people . iir this city (Cork) from the number of persons who daily flock to tbe workhouse every morning, to avail themselves of the out-door relief administered in the shape ot breakfast. According to the master's report, 217 availed themselves of breakfasting at the public uxpensc on Tuesday, 301 on Wednesday, 579 on Thursday, 742 on Friday, and 1,000 on Saturday, while the enormons number of 1,419 recelvcdrelief there on 'Sunday. On Monday morning.the gates of the workjiouse were literally beset with an - army of-clamorous men, women, and children;. -all anxious to procure the proffered meal, and a targe numher of able-bodied men were' employed in keeping a passage open through them, for the purpose of facilitating the entrance of 'the guardians to the house. Up to two o'clock 1,438 persons received their breakfast at the house, and yet numbers were crowding in and demanding relief." Large assemblages of the peasantry are expected to meet on Tuesday at BaUinhassig and Castlemsrryr. There was a veiy bad spirit engendering among them. Nexagh. On Monday last, abody, comprising upwards of 200 of the destitute peasantry chiefly from the mountain districts, came into Nenagh, and proceeded to the court house, when a deputation of five of them waited on MK Crawford, the county surveyor, in order to represent their wants to that gentleman. They were received by him in the most kind and courteous manner ; he informed them that not a moment would be lost in giving the people immediate employment. The county surveyor then told them that the amount of wages allowed would be but 8d. per diem, on which an able-bodied labourer exclaimed " I have a wife and nine children, sir. Provisions are very dear. Sixpence is no more than will support myself, and what is to become of the other ten J" Mr. Crawford said their wages were not regulated by him ; any of them that chose would be allowed task work at which they could earn, according to their exertions, from Is. to Is. 6d. per day. Several of the men Baid they hod not eaten anything, with the exception of a bad potato, since the day before that they had come nine or ten miles, and had to return a similar distance without the prospect of food,- or even the means of obtaining it. Mr. Crawford having again reiterated his assurance that he would lose not a moment in setting them to work, the deputation retired .expressing their thankfulness to the county surveyor, and then proceeded to tell the crowd outside the building what they had learned from Mr. Crawford. On hearing of the result of the conference, with Mr. Crawford, some impatience was manifested amongst the populace. " It is impossible," says one of them, 'f we can wait any longer ! There is corn in the fields and haggards, and we cannot starve. " Wait with patience a little longer God is good," exclaims a female voice in the crowd ; " I have," says Bhe, " five children they are hungry, they are in want I do not mind myself nor my husband ; but do not rob do nothing mean, boys do nothing to disgrace us." After some- short time, the people separated with.the hope and under the impression that employment would speedily be granted. '. The engineer of the Board of Works, Lieutenant Miller, has already placed on the public works at Tooraavara 109 men ; and at Kilmore and Knoc-alton 30. On Wednesday and Thursday there will be tickets issued for 100 men at Coonbeg, 75 at Ballina, 100 at Glencolloo, and 100 at Or-mond Stile." Youghal, Monday. Everything is orderly and quiet. It was thought the steamers would leave on Tuesday. The cavalry were still ordered to remain, and it was thought a squadron would be permanently quartered in the town ' for the season. The meal depots were greatly thronged, and the police obliged to remain on duty to keep off the pressure. The peculiar-position of the town at the mouth of the river, as the shipping port of Tallow, Caopoquin, Lis more, Fermoy, and Pill-town, has caused the particular excitement of the populace to be directed towards Youghal, as a number of vessels were in port, after a long spell of easterly winds, loaded with grain from those places, ready to proceed to sea. All things -.oh Wednesday promised to be settled and quiet ; many of the ships ;have sailed,' more are loaded, others are engaged in loading, and the regular trade is being resumed. Too much praise cannot be given to the magistrates in checking the threatened outbreak. Despatches have been sent off to Commissary Heweston, to Limerick, to Sir Hugh Pigot, to Cove, and also to tbe Lord-Lieutenant, moat strongly urging on them severally the great necessity of immediately sending in a quantity of food, and making this a sub-commissariat depot, which it is thought they will accede to. A cheering report has been received from the Drainage Commissioners respecting the slab, which will be immediately commenced, as the Duke of Devonshire is the sole proprietor, and has given his consent. Two hundred and twenty acres will be' reclaimed, estimated to be worth JE3 per acre, making a rental of 660. The cost, by the engineer's report, is as follows : Embankment of 405 perches, 6,774 ; sluices and machinery, 500 ; drains, 100 ; superintendence, 10 per cent., 737 ; preliminary surveying, ex., JblUU ; interest, 600 15s. Total expenditure, 8,811 15s. t;olonel Harry Jones and Mr. Mul-vany hare signed their full approval of the work. MEASURES OF THE GOVERNMENT. : City up Limerick. On Monday evening the Temperance Society gave a soiree at their rooms, Lower Cecil-street, Limerick. Tbe chair. was taken by E. P. G. Ryan, Esq., Mayor of. Limerick. The mayor Baid he bad no better opportunity than this to tell the result of his mission to Doblin, and be was most happy to tell them he was not unsuccessful hear . He had had an interview with the Lord Lieutenant, Lord Besborough; and every officer of the. Government evinced the greatest anxiety to-do everything in their power to meet the existing distress. The Floating Docks were to.be proceeded with, and -with regard to Indian meal, the deputation were met fairly. Tbe Government gave them a sum -of money, and they would now ask the':.citizens to raise more to add to it, in order to -purchase meal, and ,sell;it. at a reduced price to the "poor. It was now. placed on a basis that every man would get a fair day's wages for a fair day's work. The man who had no. necessity for exerting himself would earn at his ease from lOd. tola.," and the man who bad a family dependent upon him could earn Is; 6d. No person could object to that. : He trusted fair value would be given, by the people for the public money, for it would be degrading to pocket it otherwise. He asked but one request that the people would endure for a very few days Longer hear. As one of the poor fellows told him, " that as they burned the candle, they would burn the inch." He' pro-, mised them from that spot abundant employment and cheap food. CduNTY of SIayo. Pursuant; to .the', proclamation, of the Lord-Lieutenant, an extraordinary presentment sessions' was'held here on the 24th ultimo. C. L'J;Kirwan, Esq. in the cliajr.jrrMrBrett exhibited a list of works approved by him, to the amount of several thousand pounds, and for 3,000 for tbe unfinished works. Mr. Reddington and Colonel Jones both told him that the drainage of the lakes In tins neighbourhood would be commenced' immediately, .and thus a great deal of employment would be afforded: , 50,000';was.:then presented, for, which by 4,000 exceeds the value of the barony; , , Kino's . County,- MoKDAri-Puriuant " to the proclamation of -the, Lord Lieutenant, a sessions wis held at the Court House. , when' a pre sentment of 5,000 was made. At Mayo, a similar .'. meeting was held and presentments passed for the county at i03,4C5.-i 1 v Ty-. ... , -.- 1 I . .1 T 1 f ju rniiir an agricultural meeting was nsia oy we ,ari 01 jcove 014 his estates at Lisnaskea. His lordship, in forcrribc tbe rents of tbe poor, said I am willing to deprive myself, and to saner -.under the'Jisi-J Urion with my tenants, knowing that the infliction comes from above, ; anu nas nocoeen canseu nv any rauit or neglect 01 man. :-hs oe roiioirng., the relative nine nf food : " A atone of oatmeal uaa'rood aa five atone of potatoes ; a stone of Indian corn, or .of barley, tneali'is aa'goodaa four; ana nail. stone or potatoes, even when the potatoes'; are souno ;iimb. of wheaten bread is equal to 751b. of praorjbsu:xaeIY,xto,432lDVrf oatmeal; to 1501b; of Indian corn ; to 2501b. rof barley : to lBOIb. ol potatoes ; to 8551b. of carrota; to 1,4401b., bf trirnips' -..'Itfcnktwe, must all agree upon .this one tiling, that, the potato,, a a rrop,v and ea food for the country, is gone, at least for manyyearaf'and fear that in1 most places there will be no seed to be bad. The Question is,' what food is to be had instead of potatoe ?- I advise yon to sow here, rye, wheat, oats, with Swedish turnips, beans, parsnips, and carrots'; "you have relied too much on your potatoes. The tame outstretched arm that caused the blight over the potato crop might have sent us a blight alto on oar corn crop, and thereby deprived as of all our food.. But the very contrary is the fact ; for I hear from all parts of-, this country that the wheat crop is most abundant, and tbe com a fair average crop. And I am sure that the oldest man. among us never recollected a finer harvest ; every grain is, I believe, at this moment saved and io the haggard, without having received a drop of rain. THE FOOD RIOTS. LATEST INTELLIGENCE. The melancholy intelligence' which it given above of an alarming outbreak in Dungarran, where the military were forced to fire among: the populace, is fully confirmed by the accounts 1 since received. One of the persons wounded died subsequently.-. -' - , Dublin, Tobbday, Half-past Poor o'Clock. An express arrived at Dublin Castle at two o'clock this day. with an urgent application from the magistrates of Dungarvan for troops; In consequence the Government issued orders that the 47th Regiment, which was about to leave for Cork, should proceed at once to Dungarvan. The Duke of Cambridge steamer bad been chartered, and the'first division of the 47th was at the time embarking in that vessel, which was to reach Dungarvan on Wednesday morning. The remainder of the . regiment was to follow at once.' The Waterford Chronicle gives the following particulars of this affair : " Dungarvan, Monday Night. At " twelve o'clock a. most formidable reinforcement of labourers were seen entering tbe town by William-street, which caused the military to put themselves in the most effective position of defence their: skill '.could suggest;-'; The town , was then literally black with people. About one : o'clock, a . large concourse of the populace, amounting to over one thousand persons, pro-, ceeded to tbe stores of Mr. Floodagent to a Liverpool bouse, who as anout to snip corn, nutter, cc, warning' 01m on no account to do so. They then proceeded : to the concerns of Messrs; D. Dower and Son; who bold a quantity of of Indian meal, using'. the tame'lahguage, and declaring they should.: either be employed or'fed.'on which one of the firm, Mr. J. Dower,' said he perfectly concurred, but -said the line of conduct they were' pursuing would only mar' any substantial; good being done for them, and probably lives might be lost. " There- was' nothing that might be called an outrage committed up to thiB time (half -past, four) when an ingenious and respectable friend to the public peace as well as the people, Mr. James Byrne,' of William-street, suggested' to'; the labourers the propriety of acting upon Mr; ;Howley's advice to" put their grievances on paper, and hand it to him i which they did," and a document was presented to the magistrates by a ' select number deputed by tbe entire 01 the body present, setting- forward- their distress, ana asking for work at 5d. per day. " '' '.y-'vv" " On this being presented to Mr. Howley, who is a stipendiary magistrate, he read it, Mr. Robert Longan, Mr. B. Boate, and Sir N. Humble, j.P.'s, being present. He said that nothing could be fairer; that he would transmit it to the Government at once, and he and every gentlemen present would back' it, and-represent things as they said there,, and that, he would be candid with them, and show them the answer the Government would send them. Each of the other magia-strates concurred in that which Mr. Howley stated." They then insisted; that he should liberate the prisoners taken in the earlier part of the day." To this Mr. Howley replied that 00 that,, head he could make no terms; with them, on hearing which' the "majority, of the Labourers, went home ; there were a great number of ill-disposed person!, amongst whom the freatest excitement began to be manifested in consequence of Mr., lowley's refusal . At this time the excitement was very great."; .The Riot Act was read, and almost every shop in the town closed. Mr. Howley, in the kindest manner, remonstrated with the,' hunger-stricken thou-' sands on the imprudence of their proceedings. ''Meantime the Rev. Mr. O'Gorman came up and took upon himself ' to promise the people' that if ; they quietly dispersed, the-persons would be' Liberated on the following morning. This did' 'not apparently satisfy them. One misguided man in the crowd was seen by a policeman to stoop for a stone. Sob-Inspector Rooney arrested him, and in the handcuffing, a shower, of Btonea were thrown at the policeman; when the dragoons, charged the crowd through the square, making them fly in all directions. ' " It was now getting dark, and jutt before the moon rose, when the authorities resolved on clearing the town of 'the crowds which were remaining about the square and streets without any apparent object. They got the crowds before them; up William-street and quietly drove them before them: a great number of the populace 'proceeded; to , the house of Mr. Fisher, baker, where they were refused' bread, whereupon they rushed into the shop, and were in the act of possessing themselves of its contents, when the police and. military, headed by Mr. Howley,' proceeded immediately to protect Mr. Fisher's property. . When coming, near Carroll's public house, in the vicinity of the ; Christian Schools, a fearful shower of stones were thrown: at the dragoons.; - Mr. Howley, -who rode up to the crowd to advise them, received ;'a,.blow of a stone in' the back and another in the. "shoulder:; The' atone-throwing-was an-; swered by a discharge of muskets from the dragoons another shower of stones, and a more fearful repetition of the muskets in -all about twenty-six shots. ; There 1 were a. grent.;many received flesh'wounds. Two vanoSifiirl brVl nf 4-Via titwliitnl man I nmnnnn iuu) fn Iu ma'i41 .9 AsU had his thigh, just above the knee-joint, shattered Jin pieces ; the other received a bullet, through the .upper , part of the; thigh ,' which petted through the scrotum, and coming out at the (he other tbigfa. . , , -' " Both the unfortunate men were immediately taken. to. the poor-house, on entering which they were treated in tbe kirideit manner by Mr. Walsh, tl;xoaster.. Immediately surgeon Christian, the; doctor to the establiatattBt, was in attendance; and did all that; "medical skill iebuld for the two men. The police made severalDrisoners,;'ah:l we are rejoiced to' say that .there was not -the" slightest .'attempt' made'to,.rescue anv of them. We were informed that one of the meo taken was identified as the person who struck Lord Stuart on Thursday. Thus ended this day a sad one to many. " Tuesday. One of the men wounded yesterdav died this morning." The Waterford Mail of yesterday contains', a similar account of the proceedings in Dungarvan, and mentions that the two men stated to be mortally wounded are John Mulcahy, a boatman, from KUlingford, and a servant boy, named Fleming, from Kilmacthomas. Riots in Youghal. Dreadful Excitsmbnt. On Thursday, a mob of thousands marched down to Mr. Fisher's mill at Pilltown. just opposite Youghal, on the county of Waterford side, vowing vengeance if Indian meal was not sold for Is. per stone from the mill, and corn ground for ldJ per stone ; they then proceeded, armed with sticks, stones, spades, hammers (such as are used in repairing roads), and other weapons, tn the Ferrypoint, just opposite tbe centre of- the town, and considerable. apprehension was excited ,, that . they meant. to attack it; Tbe magistrates had the military iu readiness immediately to. repel, them, but they contented themselves with';, threats of vengeance against the ferrymen and boatmen should tbey carry com or provisions over; to the Youghal merchants. The house of a farmer, named Wynne, was plundered ; and several other farmers were, sworn not to take their corn over to Youghal.' and arain thev msrnhpil ' dnwn fn ,u I7APnikn;n, n show themselves An express having gone off to the Sdmiral at Cove from the magistrates, informing him of the navigation of the river being impeded, and requiring theassistance of a steam ship; the Myrmidon was immediately despatched, and. havim- a' fair wind, nrrivprl'nfrth,. hnrftmir at about half tide (three o'clock, p.m.) '. The commander got out all his boats, filled with artillery and marines, and pulled into: the harbour, the launch, carrying a 9-pounder in her bow, coming, in last; the eteamer coming to an anchor about . half-past four. This seasonable arrival seemed to deter, the country boys, and tbey again returned to their homes.. The poor relief committee of. Killeagh met this day.; at Father Power's residence. After their meeting, a large mob entered Mr. Connolly's mill, and carried off quantities of meal and flour. Roger Davis, Esq.. R. Hudson. Esa.. and T. Green. Em., the miwi'itn ,..0 used every exertion to prevent the attack, assisted by Father-Maurice rower, but without avail, when a requisition was despatched bv M r. Hudson to Major Orange, commanding at Yourbal. for the ngsiurKT, of the military. Before their arrival at Killeairh. in consermene,. nf . apprehended attack on Yougbal, they -were 'countermanded back. Meanwhile matters were in some degree appeased ; an advance of wages was given, which was the occasion of the. dtshirbance, and the greater pan 01 me com auu meai was returneu to Dir. v.onnouy.- Friday: At an early hour this morning, Sir Richard Musgrave proceeded up the river with the marines, artillery, small arm men of the Myrmidon in their boats; with a twelve pounder in the haw of the launch, and, taking the lighter of corn seized above Ballynatray, towed I i "V V .1 1.1 .. J". 1, TT! I . J - . . iier iuiu luuKuu wiuiuut uuuc uiiy. - I lit counirv people were deterred by the strength of the force, and came tor no collision with them, 'and,' Sir Richard and Lord Stuart de Decies returned, to Youvhal with th. boats, and had ah immediate conference with the 'magistTates. ;An at- . r .1. : r ... : r .i ' ',i . - . . . LacK iur me rescue, ui. mc gnuu auu lur.iuerpuiaBfmg.oi.tae.tpwn'WaS at one time most seriously apprehended. -1' The ; militarv were ordered? t with the constabulary and stationed at . Cork-lane, the magistrates having determined to repel them by force. : In the town all are greatly exenea, tue saops au uiuaea, uacuank auoin ciosea, anu tne porters stationed at the doors, as a report was abroad that it was tn he attanlrnt A requisition has come in from tMlleagh for the military, as it is feared 1... .:n mi k .h. 1 1.- r . . . tiw iuhi t,iu. ogtuu, .nu MUKa vi ujiu WWC UQITlt Be longing to a farmer named . Gotzel ; a requisition ' is also come from Dungarvon, but a man cannot be snared. .. The merchants held a meeting to-day, at eleven o'clock, at which a strong memorial "was adopted to the Government, calling on them to' send in food, and make the town a commissariat depot, or the consequences will be fearful : a resolution was come to immediately to. bring into the town some thousands of barrels of Indian corn. : A deputation left for tbe purpose of purchasing it, and a subscription list of between two and three "thousand, pounds was signed to guarantee any loss arising from a fall in the markets. . In the affray at Clasbmore, Thomas "Joseph Fitzgerald,':Esq;,YJ.P., of Ballinasparke, a Roman Catholic gentleman of considerable ' property and influence;' had also a narrow escape;;'for his life, andj.but for. the timely protection of James Power, EBq., of Clasbmore, would no doubt-have been severely injured. He was in favour of Lord ' Stuart's', proi position, , and against advancing wages." At this hour, half-past three, the military are still under arms, but no, riolencehas taken place. - .. State of the ' County. OFWATXRifORDTheii Waterford Mail contains the: following startling: announcement : "j-On Frirf.c avuu b t u uniunuu . oytia ovociuVJSU - WJC GDflpCl OX UfaOge, ID uwtiui.j, uwik, a wwi yu.ttt.wuiu;aBrK,;.wno saianis name was Power, from the county, Tprwyand made .the following regulations J? Tilt the farmers :,were not; to thrash-or jsend ; out any corn to market. Th, nA mill (hllnlil K simnKu th. r.H-. ,. A.J . - , . . - - - , , : ; , .-..in..-iw, iucii ina, nm Kept ana given to the labourers without any charge for same.'' That no baiUfft were lo be allowed to dist.-ain for rent. r , That the fanners should at ouce'rerand all monev paid for cou-acre land, and auto the valnA-'nr, th ,MMiaj4:i.i.n,.v . t able-bojiied labourers ihriaM .get is. a day, and the old men and boys 10d., r.. v .w , . wtk, ,uu, ,i lugKcr, liic wurn io increase accordingly; and every person to be empWed,. or paid' it allowed to remain idle. That no process thouid oeaeryed for any debt, on r aiuof the plaiotifj'j ears being cut off. or something more severe.' r V.'They then proceeded1 in ; large rpartiea to the principal farmers to' enforce their rules, and rive hotieelthat'uhy persons disobeying should prepare their coffins. Darby Brien;and: Robert Keating, two respectable farmers, .were so terrified; that" they;at;6nce paid back the.moneyifor the con -acre' on their lands'; ithe other, faraers prbmiaed'to do so; in lest than a week.'-They; saidithat theirileader wos to to from oaritK tr, parish. They have alsa stopped ;fimnen.gbing tobrdniana'with rent; iuiu iv uin uui j cvj ulic luucu lorce to prevent their paying. , -; " " Similar mobs.wimtthrough'.the, parish of. Ardbaore! on Saturday last ; most of-them had fire-arms; ;and stated there was no law now to' prevent their having pistols in each handlin-place of; sticks : and they stopped all corn going to market.lcut the bags,;aDd ipflled the corn on; the roads, and would not aUow?tlie7bwnertt.toitake,itup.'T-They. cau- "'rl""" "'" aeniywuiitOTBaTron noc.to pay or renew, he was Mr."Hrowne attoraey:npon'.e-occation "rr'r-aif& .- f--:r - "i" unnruuiuj me com, sua not oeuuj pounu'.ovcr .upoaj,t;c aCp.;cat;cu.c,--"-i-7UtsMS I allowing. the. farmers to thito.rthateachurtr.U to'have one haviiig Mt tii latahottile m ack.. A meeting of tbe magistrates of the eouw7IZr7riiK' adi roffident troopsgot intojtne country. .?tT bBSs WA'5??0.mB'"fLl-BV)R:. Popular Excit..VJ-' ''M$l?& : bodies ?.ofisantt7; were , co!!e cting , triM Si'SS inan; mile Vouod. ?Mwd retanr?tnd .dUraay were atonSfriffcV taurk rf iteration and famine depicted SntW wr!?? tWS preaenrjment tetaon or, id county , on Tuetdav: " fw"tw-At uiS ofjht) nwehidbeenHole vWay:intoj;coit, fuliontl exclaiming 5f could not OT wcrdd not ewlure it muchslonirer u tw .fcHtSS starring Toer4were quieted by IJemgxhorted: - :tS;s - Limerick. Upwards of 1 2 IO;llinr .it;"-Y--.'?s-.vS nameTof Higains;their-:ehurmkn: Ballybrickeo, and the Rev.-Mr. Cooke passed, requertirjg the landed; proprietors of the diitrirf,?,,t'-5 employment, or thCT would again meet this day week to lefo-S'S At IGlfinane"tetti6nt,.on"Mtmday,Thoniaa T. a AL'JSlt', sided. -The sums granted amounted to 46,000, tat the5'' having assembled in largeV-unmbers: evinmri .. .liu. ,K. :.j.,i--.if.;. -,- .. -."'.wrii ; y . J. gentleman present, about- compentataon'for cuttior inn tr;1" it exasperated the crowd, ' that theyrriabfJSinto" the SeiZR2?ffi sticks; threatened the lives of the mtgittrtxet'iaWbledjj? wouio aemousn toe ouuaing.-s. ice Much remonstrated ntirj-tude, and after, great exertion to quiet the himult;' tuceeedatS" Some; ,day Spastscbpies of a placard were'notW ia 4i(Je"''C"-of the country, calfihg a meeting of the people of ttt?infaS? i - J unDww..wrwuaw,.,,vu- .tvumwy, w petition f- tenant for food and .'employment. and upon which dii rtJS Rev: Mr.:0'Connori;;met ;the crowdt.r HearetW-Syl course of a few days there would be plenty of emuloyrarirsyjatai diseourteKefviat seVeral times mterrupted by tbBerowi;rtEj3,,,S thev must get worn mat ther were , Warring." and Uttt .i;7".l j.- work waa given to them they.would ; take tbe first cattle' tW2 si for they might M wdl ;be Vtranported at die orhunger.-sijSJJ.-the meeting broke up thousands of hungry labourers lrcnimSb? wards the place from every quarter of the country. "':-;--ite ;25yfcJ Co'tt.A-T,IrW8T!lCARBET.-Tw-orBNCBHtttKfKg DAY.VrThe factbttucb payment having been given ii stateiBj 1 " contradicted ; together ".with k. the declaration ;of Va z larSSJJS? M'arthy, who; solemnly declares that rne, ; with eter"fsiir worked on the road, breaking stones, for six days and aaalfSS'S: at tbe end of that time. ; he and hie i fellow' labourer :'' riiT-7" & of one shilbng and 'threepence each I with .whinh hx kitii.g lanuiy or nve-rattne rate tittl rate of threepence raj heaa;-'for.Veiti37l!i tt than ahalfpenny a day'for lnp&fo&ZtiSmhS day7 less 'in'.i..,T th"Ara,f.f'; n-k.'h'li,n. rW., JT&XS?- ported of, individual deaths frooi sheer want,' aodof dauiti"Sh'? fainting on the highway; of fable-bodied men, in iWri'oMrStn'' port tbernselves'and, large families," and of others who hire u; to exist on tne strength ot one.meal for two day l-'-fcaSST.-: Thb:Ri ns . AT CAtTLBM.AjiTYR'.:' addressed to the Cork Constitution, tys":Tf,",It1-"t" trae'taitVteiirf fifty or sixty men, from a distant part of the country;'eitenxitliktoa"f' on the day, and were joined by omeof,the idfc.bidcairirimrwkS-every town affordsThey entered the bakers'- shoM.'iai'keHea aBt.-?' selves to what bread they found,' but . I could n'6t"ineir'bl?DSritj being'offered to any person.'I'-bave eTery'retaoa'totho Government will now.interfere to keep'ddwn theprica"ofJagj(iissl (which they are imperatively called on to do, we shall ! hires tsSaat S; supply of cheap and wholesome food.?;;i-;v .Sk-Jt,. -A' aruASKsr. monaay was tne aay appomtea rar boMiM ik t 5 rounded by a Urge concourse of peopleVwho Increased Uoubln ii life proceeded. ; Fortunatdy.:John 0'fMUf,ndm were in town arjout to attend tne testiont meetmg;and they imaMafch .... J u...uug , , " - ,.--'"..- uuaw yiVMIIlllHj.MMi. IWU IOJU WWpXST should be provided for, them. One ;fellow?was.far ner;,!it was fortatelynoticedand takenj fromhLmV?iTne tiitajj, SDotrto"interferer The'towniwas thrown '. intrj'1 "irmt "mrutoraalin; :. the excitement contmued more or1 leas: all idaj.-'glt.'hM'nowtaaa sided."; The magUtratea'rpresmted'oyer 30,fW for'p aqjaurnea to -iiiuriuiaT to nmsn tne prrzenunenuj . v Deo uw SSQrK ancea'bertn so earlv'in the sekjuin wlufcmkV we Met;uit-iMMK God help the people ! .," A heavy respohstbility lies oa tLe GottrtaaL-t' ' FAMjrNE-:iN?SCLD".,g Government and tbe Highland PooaAniriwi sent by the Home Secretary to Mr. BaiLUe,;member fot,.InfJnellai,; relative to tne appreneoaMitcarcity,5iU',ue rjifianassnanai.a.4 mentions that' an , experienced ramraiisariat officer will urocee bas-". diately to Scotland, witb isatractionsltomalreafuU'rerjort vernment as to the suddIv of food which" will nrobablf bt itaeaale k; win receive toe earnest attention .on- tne-oart-.or ;aw uarwmm;: but I feel it my;,doty to ttate,' that while Jier Majetty't GoyerMtettw be desirous to promote and facilitate'the enorts1 of-landed Drtarfrtoaa lesseu the distress .which U pprebebded , they caDnot'enoourtp fl fS pectation.tnax nv anv ,i irprr svirm , or niv-iinmrv. fuinnces -dkt am relieve tlie'proprietore from the obhaationwhichrestsuponflm upon themselves tbe charge of providing for the wsnti rf Itepeopk.'jlg " AN:ExAirptE. We; (Edinburgh' Weekly Hrr)tiiifilBjiJty;tttl Sir GeomeMackenziei-nf Oonl 'RrC?:hW intlrhrtrA tKe" tBntoa' aa estate, when-settling theirrehto;at;Minmas";:toded uuc iivi Liiec&icui. ttt, jann uiey. may-oave naa unuer.potaaBS.- Famine ;ix;SKTE.7-Petitioris.'to.GOTfriimen out Skye, in order to give, timely w'arnihg-'of.''the;'amin(BtltjBl, Tbe . potatoes are gettingVworse, although in - butt oojmahy jilaoahm' they suffered enoogh before to" render them'ofUUleiuaeto'pple, otto to animals: Herrings are also very late in making their appMruw. Apfrehkkdrd .Fami.ve.in; thk CourrrvorCArrHNsas. It . impossible to conteir.phtc the approaching winter, "says JohiTo'Gnifijl Journal, without fear and trembungi;iaWhat-;are; tbef facts iTvM" months in the year fully three-fourths of the food of at least tmt(-bir! thousand of the inhabitahtsof this7cbim'fyJconsists:of poWo potatoes are nearly all destroyed, consequently -there is tobenaktjj a deficiency of three-fourtl'ofthe"peo'plV'frodHow aoner tnis is tbe ugestion which bag to receive an rrniHWuatwj piuuLiuui rupiy. iiortrover, in -.consequence . oitae aeprcncu.Buw lug ucrrriug-iasrKet., .mosc ui uur.nuuesc, naruworauig,iuj pvucwrfv will be thrown idle for some time.',.The,"miserableIwagestlieyfrat2 when in full emnltwment . 'nm hnrplv. cnffii-iotif tn flttnnrtrlhnr ujSa . wheri'employed, consequently they are, not"able'sto havea'reKJT foil fdr,idle.days. - The little plotaVof; potatoes; Jt6i"which';m"e'yyooii3j; sustenance in winter, are enrirelv dp.rnvpH.-"' Til mI 'i"rfiar.blltTeHti- had. how is the mdnev tn be raised to bnr.it'i'Bnt.Vonce iaia,lri' look to the'Latiierbn .dUct;ti(Welhave' the', testimonyof sfrtriTta.-jj UemehV-ih'whose veracity, wehavethe 'fullest ; confidence; tMtlav a pects of that district of Caithness are truly. dreadful.'hpWiffi a'adtnaj; fishing; blighted potatoes, " diseased Lturoipsf deeply in; dbt,f&fr. nonnl. . 1,J.. j...jr..l l:W, 1M.J... llk'bMllll," all poortogether. "At the best, the people ofiLatheronare ifto J" (.-uuiiuruioie, -nor..over-i make both ends meet; land and 6ea refuse to THE DEARTH;'-t-PUBLIC'. PRAYERS At the .'.Court at Windsor .-jthe -26th day of September," !Mfi present , the " Queen's- Most Excellent - Majesty - in :-Council,-it this day ordered .by r ber. Majesty,; iniCouncU,'',that7lusGiirr Archbishop ;of-; Canterbury do prepare a Form of Prayer to AhuW God, for relief from the dearth and scarcity now existing iD'partso United. Kingdom, owing to the failure 'of ' some of tocrops of,fJ sent year ; and that such Form of Prayer be ;usrfiiii "aLL cbarajsyt chapels iu England and Wales,' and m the'1 town";of jBflrwickn-lJi on Sunday; the 11th day of. October next, and thetwo followinSW' And it is hereby further- ordered,' that her Majesty's printer.ifa f" with print a competent , number lofi copies of i the : taid Form of rUrg m - nrnRr-'thnt thp nSn -mAirhf.- fnrthwitK"i" cml Aa',fl.-at,l.A-BM'AMuvwU'-Mfr'..'J jjImDK several churches and chapels in England Jan'dWahisand ioj . u, ub -L hUBb - .i.i 9Buc , ni.f , n t, , vji mn ,,u - feu, ivww an ' , 'RAmirarr. tbe Queen's Most ExcelleBt Majestyin'i.Council-4It-is"thiso.4iroW by her Majesty in; Council; that aU;muirsten:and preachert,TnJ5 the EsUhliahed Church in that part of the, Great Britaln'calW.Soi of- l... -C ..;;. 1 ' r '..... . , , j T- .1 v-ir '-fa as, I paised in the tenth year irf.the tenth year 'of.the reign of ber;MaiesfT:Oaea1Ana,??, do, at sometijnedurinthe&efci,of,diTme congregations;' or assenAlies,-,on.';Sunday ;"the"' 1 1 th"day,of Qcteea Jg i i. . o 1 -;.- .. .l. a im;krf lic. mm uic. wu luiiuniujjouiuuyaj'pai up a prayer,' w.wc . i United:Kingdomqwingit6Jthe:faaare'of "roro'eof-the.cropijS'.l His Gi-ice the Archbishop of Canterbury, :gre"Wl4,2Sn I the Privy Council, has;iasued tnefoUowingform'of;prajerM AW.l uoo, ior renei irom tDe dearth and.scarcity nowr exirof-- me unitea n.inguom,.Fofiog to the lailure ot some 91 rfvJSTfiifr'iif I , " O, God ! at whosebidding. the' earth.-which. raitaaieftj J I foodraDd turned abundance into mrity,'inhTr,''i thy judgment, of wbich we are justly afraid; tbstthcpoojwo s by famine - - --?c.l. -.i rZ&y?'g&& 'Weaainowledg;;p'lrdIT,that by our strifes vand,. 4-miause oftby gifts, and forgetWne'oftby.MnifoldJe-'I?' justly, deaerred jpdnisbment. We have sinned, we ha ijow1' atrainst thee'V"Vn'nwinI ht hVit rt full nf fmoiMiODif W ?mr submission' to i thvlwill." Dentance.rrand'shdwings I keeping'y rammahdnients.; ut.ouiseivesiwe are i acceptable.inth'yji to the influences o j. ... i. ; .. j i mav obtain of thv',favoar'th. Knnnlv'nf.'rtnr' wfln LI ." and ;WltH. : togetner in Drotneriy, lovemayrpartaltejot toy .oouof JHMJUH contentment, to t'ae honour' and - praise' ; oi iny uau'. rrs-v'TK uonst, our lxrd..;Amen, be'rea'd "mimediaCelyltefore tie UW be" rea'd.-before-itbepraytrToraa ,f The prayer is ordered to be when the Litany iball not tions of men. , - Hostile CollisioW.RI Dillon Browne,-Eq..'M.P.wia! - -' ... ;. . .i. k:.-wiie roi, u j re DUKa,' wwu .. ik nana ana strucK;.vir. arowne wiin.mswDip. j"""' .kS 'rfrast; m? the;head tEree6r'f6attime.ifWrSBrom teied the cine of.it. paasenger7bue-MrrKeUy-bad nAS&tl ever7drove:off in a car after tbe"asaailant.It;it;.srat-tl KeUy struckVMr.'Brownetbetterireniailieo,v:"4TO you know,! am bouiidto;the'peaeeoiir.would ??&J$ fact, we believer wis well knawn to Mr: Kell vTfor if we.r55Ei'l I stack. ine enmax or .'tois. tiatementTiSf onissnroaaieii;nvKiiwT.: tn tl,- MMnfi.i -;uk. - ;- .i.. or-. r.riri- r,-i" --"5. 1 7- In ; one instance ;; it ; states; ; tn -J J -8-jf TiifiititiiBrT ' which '.youriExceuericy may tmybtt'vtxOxiiiS a.;day, -on .bran, seaweed, cabb;stalkiblack Ands that thev have been eent'TTOtiniroii i" tliBm'iii'ZunTk x lea. AcMine.oest,jiiiey, nave just eagujyjwT I how much worse ..must they now be, woen give them'of.theirrabundanee ? :0Z- fi. tbe fruits of.the'earth'in all itt'mtimai - " But.whateverjmay be"thy?pleasu"reconcerning uj tVf.WLfSr? receive thv'disMnMtions; "whether of. indment : or . mercy'wiuJ' .., endeavourinTto; airate?tby' displeaiaT " W- rorth' burrsense of UbyfgceMSTi-. inable either to..wul ,or-to oo.ii k2ti: agbt;; we," tberefore;jpray"th"eeo' Wtt-trcfi fthy good SJiritthatah6wmg'compaoloa, oiiege ureen.iiust.upon entenngurarton-streec, un u -rt ..uatr he wasiaccostedSbv. MrWriliam Thomat KeUyof io?2StS solicitpgto: tbjtttCoiIfwir7;rMr ewSS?S a icw.wonu or-an'uiiDieasaiiE natu j ' ' r.." . '"" "-'-.'"''-''.-i,-'." :Xvj"S -&''i5j;

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